Forcing onions on a feather in a greenhouse and at home, growing for greens, photo

Forcing onions on a feather in a greenhouse and at home, growing for greens, photo

Garden plants

Green onions can give any dish a delicious appearance and nutritional value, especially in winter and early spring, when a person's need for vitamins is extremely high. Moreover, there is more vitamin C in the onion, which is simply necessary for our body during this period, than in the onion. And in order not to suffer from a lack of vitamins and get green onions for the table at any time of the year, we suggest you learn how to grow onions for herbs at home and in a greenhouse.

Green onions - description

You can use a container and keep it on the windowsill to get green onions for food, but if you need green onions in large quantities, it is better to grow them in a greenhouse. It is very easy to grow onions on a feather, since it is one of the most studied garden crops, cultivated by mankind for more than five thousand years.

Green onions are grown at home both in soil and hydroponically (that is, in water), and we will be happy to tell you how this is done.

Forcing onions on a feather (greens)

Growing onions on a feather

Growing onions for greens begins with the preparation of planting material. Sort the bulbs, reject the unusable, diseased and deformed ones. A good bulb should be firm with no signs of rot and shiny scales. Cut off the tops - one fourth of the bulbs. This measure will accelerate the access of oxygen to the kidneys, and they will produce greens faster. If the bulbs have already sprouted slightly, pruning should not be done. Soak the planting material for 12 hours in water at a temperature of 35-38 ºC to speed up the germination of onions.

If you decide to grow onions on greens in the soil, then it should be loose, and to obtain an optimal substrate, add vermiculite to the humus and put this mixture in a container in a layer of 7-10 cm, but first spill the soil mixture with a hot dark pink solution of potassium permanganate, and then cold running water.

How to plant onions on greens

Planting onions for forcing the feathers into a container is carried out by a bridge method - the bulbs are planted almost closely - at a distance of 1-2 cm.They are simply placed on the substrate with their bottom, slightly pressed into it, but they do not burrow or bury them, otherwise they will begin to rot. After planting, the substrate is watered with warm water.

If you want to grow onions in water for herbs, place the bulbs tightly in a tray and cover with water by a quarter. After two weeks, the bulbs will grow leaves that can be used for food. As the water level in the sump decreases, it should be restored.

When to plant onions on a feather

On average, the rate of forcing a feather is two to three weeks. At home and in the greenhouse, onions are planted for distillation from October to April, and in the open field they are grown from spring to autumn. Actually, onions, subject to certain conditions, can be grown all year round.

Growing onions on a feather at home

How to grow onions for herbs at home

After planting, the container with the onions is placed for a week in a warm place with a temperature of 25-30 ºC, and when the leaves reach a length of 1-2 cm, you can move the container to the balcony or to an unheated veranda. In the future, the rate of regrowth of greenery depends on the temperature of the air and water for irrigation.

Onion care at home

The optimum air temperature for growing onion feathers is 18-22 ºC, and the water temperature is 20-25 ºC. Water the onion 1 or 2 times a week. The onion feather does not need feeding, since it receives nutrition from the bulb. As soon as the feather is stretched to 25-35 cm, it can be cut along the edges - the growth of leaves occurs from the center of the bulb. If you want to receive onions continuously and without interruption, plant them at intervals of 2-3 weeks.

Growing onions on a feather in a greenhouse

How to grow onions for herbs in a greenhouse

Onions for greens in a greenhouse are grown from October to April from a one-year or two-year-old onion selection that has undergone preliminary processing, which we wrote about above. It is planted in a bridge way in boxes filled with peat, humus or compost, barely sprinkled with peat on top, which is powdered with fluff lime in order to avoid the appearance of mold on the surface. After planting, the boxes are stacked on top of each other somewhere in the corner so that they do not take up much space.

Greenhouse onion care

The temperature of the content at this stage should be 18-20 ºC during the daytime and 12-15 ºC at night. The onions are watered as needed, and the room is ventilated. In 10-12 days, a root system is formed in the bulbs, and the feather grows up to 5-8 cm, only not green, but white. At this stage, the boxes are placed on the racks and kept at a temperature of 20-22 ºC, regularly moistening the substrate in them. For normal growth and development of the onion, it is necessary to observe a 12-hour daylight hours, and the lamps for additional lighting should be placed vertically so that the feather does not break. The white feathers of the onion gradually turn green.

A couple of days after placing the boxes with onions on the racks, potash (10-15 g of potassium chloride per m²) and nitrogen (20-40 g of ammonium nitrate per m²) fertilizers are added to the substrate: they are distributed in dry form into the boxes and then during watering washed off with water into the ground. When the feather of the onion reaches a height of 35 cm, it is cut off.

Growing onions for greens in the open field

Planting onions on greens before winter

For growing onions on a feather in the open field, bulbs with a diameter of 2.5 to 4 cm are used. Onions are planted on greens in the fall two weeks before frost, before planting by treating the samples with warm water and cutting off their tops. Planting is carried out by the bridge method already described by us, when the bulbs are laid side by side with the roots down, and then they are covered from above with a layer of soil 2-3 cm thick, or by the belt method, in which the bulbs are planted in grooves at a distance of 1 to 4 cm from each other and sealed into the ground, and the spacing between the furrows is from 10 to 20 cm.

Caring for planting onions in the fall

To prevent the bulbs from freezing in winter, the onions are covered with an additional layer of humus or manure 3.5–5 cm thick on the greens before winter. In the spring, the insulating layer is removed and a film frame is installed over the garden bed. Before the onset of frost, the soil in the garden must be kept slightly moist so that the roots begin to grow on the bulbs.

Feather onions can also be grown from seeds, and while it will take longer, you will get one cheaper because perennial onion seeds are not as expensive as sampling. Onion seeds for feathers (greens) are sown in well-treated and pre-fertilized soil in the summer, in mid-July, in rows located at a distance of 30-40 cm, and when the seedlings give the first leaf, they are thinned to a distance of 3.5-5 cm between seedlings. Before the onset of winter, the garden bed is covered with straw or peat. And as soon as the snow melts, you will receive fresh greens.

Onion varieties per feather (greens)

What types of onions are grown on a feather

What kind of onion is grown for greens? The following types of onions are popular:

  • onion (Tartar onion, fisty, winter, sandy) gives even greenery. In perennial varieties, you can cut greens 2-3 times during the growing season, in annuals - once;
  • tiered bow (Canadian, Egyptian) - one of the most frost-resistant and unpretentious species, surpassing the onion in both the quality of greenery and productivity;
  • chives (chisel) - a productive species with narrow fragrant feathers up to 50 cm high, which do not coarse for a long time and are tender;
  • slime onion - early ripening, fruitful, frost-resistant type with flat wide leaves of delicate texture and a weak aroma of garlic;
  • leek (pearl) - a productive species with wide succulent feathers, more like garlic leaves;
  • shallot - unpretentious fruitful species with long unfading leaves.

The best varieties of onions for herbs

The varieties of onions grown for feathers are single-edged, producing very little feather, and multi-edged, forming a lot of greenery. The latter include, for example, varieties Bessonovsky, Rostovsky, Spassky, Arzamassky, Strigunovsky, Danilovsky, Ryazansky and others.

Properties of green onions - harm and benefit

The healing properties of onions

As we already wrote, green onions, due to the vitamins, micro- and macroelements contained in it, help a person to cope with spring vitamin deficiency. It is used as a general tonic for respiratory diseases. The phytoncides included in its composition in large quantities clean not only the human body from viruses and bacteria, but also the room in which the onion is grown.

The chlorophyll contained in green onions, in combination with other beneficial substances that make up the onion, promotes the process of hematopoiesis, which is why onion greens are so useful for those suffering from anemia.

Onion greens are also rich in essential oils that effectively destroy infections and viruses such as pathogens of tuberculosis, dysentery, tonsillitis and diphtheria. The oils disinfect the oral cavity and stimulate the activity of the heart muscle.

The composition of onion greens includes zinc, nitrogen, calcium, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, from the lack of which hair can fall out and nail plates exfoliate. In addition, green onions contain the following vitamins:

  • A - beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant that is responsible for the quality of vision, nails, hair and skin, ensures the work of the heart muscle and helps the body to resist the harmful effects of free radicals;
  • B1 - thiamine, necessary for the regulation of protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism;
  • B2 - riboflavin, which neutralizes toxins that irritate the respiratory tract, participates in the formation of red blood cells and contributes to the maintenance of reproductive function at the proper level;
  • B3 - or nicotinic acid, or vitamin PP, or niacin, which supports the body's immunity, promotes the breakdown of proteins, fats and carbohydrates and cleans the body of excess cholesterol;
  • B9 - folic acid, involved in protein synthesis and contributing to the regulation of the nervous system;
  • C - ascorbic acid, a powerful antioxidant, a biologically active substance that participates in the synthesis of hormones and increases the body's resistance to bacteria and viruses;
  • E - tocopherol, responsible for fertility, youth, condition of the skin, nails and hair, giving them elasticity and responsible for the quality of the functioning of the female and male reproductive organs.

Green onions - contraindications

It is not recommended to eat green onions raw for people suffering from gastritis with high acidity and peptic ulcer diseases of the digestive system. Too active consumption of green onions can harm hypertensive patients, since the product tends to increase blood pressure. People with bronchial asthma and diseases of the cardiovascular system should refuse green onions at least during the period of exacerbation of the disease.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Amaryllidaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online

Sections: Garden plants Amaryllis Plants on L Onions Bulbous vegetables Stem


How to properly water onions on a feather

For a whole year, the gardener is engaged in preparing the land, caring for perennial plants and planting new crops. Cyclical actions lead to stable results, become a person's pride for their own organized economy. How to pour onions on a feather?

Not only grown bulbs are valuable, but also green arrows, which housewives let on salad or use to make marinades. The healthy, succulent feather is packed with vitamins and is an essential part of any nutritious summer salad.


Technology

The total period for forcing green onions ranges from 14 to 20 days. If all the requirements are met, the owners will see the first shoots in 4 days. The yield or growth of shoots is 2.5-3 cm within 24 hours.

Shallots are an unmatched winter germination option. However, it has a very long resting period. Experience shows that varieties should be planted in mid-February.

Now it is important to properly master the technology of forcing onions on a feather, then it will turn out to be juicy and will have a presentable appearance. Here's a step-by-step guide to the process:

  1. Prepare planting soil... There should be from 10 to 12 kg of soil or sawdust per 1 m². The soil is fertilized with organic matter or minerals.
  2. Use the bridge method of disembarkation... The bulbs are planted close, the distance between them is up to 1 cm. You need to press them well into the ground, but do not bury them very deeply, because this harms the root system.
  3. Watering the beds follows every 5-10 days. It all depends on the humidity in the room. The main principle is that the ground should be relatively moist. The water temperature is 20-25 degrees.
  4. Lighting... For two-week-old sprouts, it is necessary to organize quality lighting.
  5. Cut off feathers when they reach 25-35 cm.

Fertilizer for soil. First you need to mix humus with vermiculite. Put the resulting mixture in a container. The height of the layer is 7-10 cm. Then treat the soil mixture with potassium permanganate (its solution) and pour water from a hose.

You can also grow greens in plain water. To do this, you need to take a pallet. Place the onions close to each other, their diameter can be 4-5 cm, and fill with warm water (20-25 ° С). One fourth of the fruit should be in water. As the liquid decreases, it is important to periodically replenish its supply.


Methods for forcing onions on a feather

Methods for forcing green onions are divided into 3 directions: in water, soil and any substrate.

In the ground

For distillation in the garden, turnips are planted with a diameter of 3-4 cm in the spring, in March, or in autumn, in October.

For autumn planting, the ground is covered with a layer of humus, with the onset of heat, the mulch is removed and a film greenhouse is placed over the rows. The average consumption of planting material is 10-13 kg per 1 m².

In water

To germinate the bulbs in water, use a container of a suitable size., water at room temperature, with a small addition of mineral fertilizers.

A stand is made with holes of such a diameter that the heads go down and only the bases sink into the liquid. To prevent decay, 2 tablets of activated carbon are mixed into the liquid.

Leaves will appear in a week, and after 10-14 days, part of the crop is already suitable for cutting.

In sawdust

Sawdust is a perfectly suitable natural material that can be bought at a pet store.... Before use, they are poured over with boiling water, spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Wet sawdust is placed on the bottom of the container and the bulbs are tightly placed. Water as it dries, make a solution of 10 ml of hydrogen peroxide per 1 liter of water several times. Sawdust cannot be reused.

In hydroponics

Hydroponics is a technology for growing plants without land.

The method requires the following devices:

  • light-tight containers with holes in the lid
  • water heater
  • compressor
  • fertilizer solution.

Optimum room temperature - + 25 ... + 27 ° С... The bulb is positioned so that the water only touches the bottom of the head. A water heater and a compressor are connected to enrich the environment with oxygen for 30-40 minutes.

Important! It is recommended to change the nutrient solution every 7-8 days.

The first 10 days the trays are kept in a dark place.... Then, with a lack of natural light, phytolamps are installed. On the 13-15th day, they begin to harvest.


The main rules of cultivation

Forcing onions on a feather can be carried out at any time of the year, because it is not difficult to create suitable conditions.The growth of green onions is largely dependent on the nutrients supplied to the bulbs, so there is virtually no difference where to grow onions - in a greenhouse, nurseries or insulated beds. But still there is one caveat - adhere to the methods of proper agricultural technology and fulfill all the requirements regarding the conditions for the growth and development of the plant. Not only will you be able to harvest high yields of quality green onions, but these methods can help shorten the forcing period.

First of all, you need to choose the right variety, because not all are well suited for forcing, in some the underground part develops much faster. These are multi-primordial species, from each primordium up to five leaves can form, respectively, and more greenery will turn out. Soviet varieties Strigunovsky, Rostovsky, Spassky were very popular at one time, now Amber and Black Prince are also grown. They were planted at the end of October. Closer to winter, they plant Arzamassky, Soyuz, Bessonovsky, at home it is good to grow Sprint and Siberian yellow. Most likely you will have to deal with modern varieties, since it is very problematic to get Soviet ones these days. In addition to varieties, attention should be paid to the types: leeks, shallots, batun, multi-tiered, slime onions are best suited for forcing on a feather. Each of them is endowed with distinctive properties and characteristics, has its own advantages, so make a more detailed choice based on personal preferences.

You can grow onions on a feather in a greenhouse or in the open field. It is planted in open soil either in the fall, about two weeks before frost, or in early spring, immediately after the snow melts. It is advisable to lightly prepare the bulbs before planting: soak them in warm water for about a day, and just before planting in the ground, slightly cut the top. Thanks to such ingenuous measures, forcing will occur faster, and yields will significantly increase.

Forcing onions on a feather on the garden bed is carried out in two ways: pavement and tape. In the first case, the bulbs are placed close to each other, so about 10 kg of vegetables will be needed per 1 square meter. Sprinkle earth on top with a thin layer of earth. The tape method involves placing the bulbs in grooves at a distance of two to three centimeters, the distance between the rows is 10-15 cm. If this whole thing happens in the fall, then you should additionally “cover” the seedlings with a layer of manure or humus five centimeters thick.

You can also grow onions in the open field and from seeds. This method is rarely used, it attracts gardeners only because of its cheapness (the cost of seeds is much lower than that of turnips), but it takes a lot of time - you need to sow in July, and you will get the harvest only in spring. Mulching is also added to the usual care measures (soil preparation, fertilizing, watering) (as a rule, straw is used, it is very good if there is peat). It is clear that for a good harvest, only high-quality bulbs should be used, but some gardeners separately plant old, small or rotten specimens, because they will still have to be thrown away, and this will result in a small contribution to the main crop.

You can grow onions in a greenhouse all year round. Only the bridge method is used. The soil should contain as much nutrients as possible, so feel free to add manure, humus, peat, fertilizers (but only mineral fertilizers, any chemical preparations are categorically contraindicated!). Additionally, you can treat the soil with wood ash.

As with planting in open ground, first soak the bulbs in warm water for a day and cut the tops, only it is not necessary to sprinkle it with earth in the greenhouse. It is best to plant in separate boxes, it is much more convenient and simpler. Care is not difficult - periodic watering, a couple of times to make top dressing, monitor the air temperature (it is undesirable for it to drop below 20 degrees, do not allow drafts). Watch closely so that the plants do not get sick, immediately remove the infected, until the entire plantation is killed. It is recommended to collect a feather after it reaches a length of 25 -35 cm, depending on the variety.


With your own hands - How to do it yourself

My family is very fond of onions in any form and in large quantities. Previously, my parents were engaged in its cultivation, and we, due to lack of space in our garden, were coming assistants. They helped to plant, weed, harvest. And my father always watered the onions. When the parents were gone, we had to learn the basics of growing our favorite vegetable ourselves. By that time, we had the opportunity to increase the area of ​​the site. Now we are growing various vegetables, we have laid out a garden, a vineyard, a flower garden.

In the first year, when they took up onions, they faced a storage problem: the bulbs deteriorated and germinated in the middle of winter, only a small part of the harvest survived until spring. It was then that I remembered how my father watered the onions: rarely, but abundantly. But it seemed to me that the ground in the beds with onions was dry, and I often sprinkled my onion.

The harvests have been successful in recent years, I gained experience.

I also want to contribute to the collection of tips - to share a beautiful way of forcing onions on a feather. I, like many amateur gardeners, in winter, especially for the holidays, try to grow a green onion on the windowsill.

I used to plant small onions in a container with soil without bothering too much, but now I create a beautiful green "vase". You need to take small onions and cut off their tops for accelerated germination.

The neck of a plastic bottle should be cut off along the "shoulders" and small round holes for the onions should be cut in it in a checkerboard pattern.

Moreover, the holes must be cut so that the bulbs inside the bottle do not pass through them. Now we pour the earth into the bottle, laying the bulbs in layers (the trimmed tops look out of the holes). It's okay that onion feathers will grow sideways, then they will still stretch upward.

We fill the bottle with earth to the top, press the bulbs tightly against each other in the upper layer - these will immediately grow upward. Gradually growing back, green onion feathers form a lush "vase". I harvest three times, then plant the onions in another bottle.

© Author: Zoya Ivanovna Kashcheeva Orenburg region.

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FORCING ONION GREENS IN WINTER

I fill the containers (ordinary flower pots with a hole) in half with large (1.5-2 cm) pieces of brick. I place the bulbs on them tightly to each other and fill them up to their shoulders with brick chips. I install the pots in a deep tray (up to half their height), into which I pour water.

I use broken ground brick several times, besides, it does not get my hands dirty. The bulbs grow well, they yield longer and more crops, and most importantly, you do not need to worry about whether you have topped up or overflowed with water.

Diy onion pyramid

Many people sprout onions at home for greens. The only problem I always have is finding where to put the containers with soil or water, and the bulbs take up a lot of space. While looking for a compact planting option, I stumbled upon the idea of ​​sprouting onions in a plastic bottle.

I cut off the top in a plastic bottle (1.5-2 l). I selected the bulbs, dropped a few into the bottle, determining at what height and distance to cut the holes. With a marker she put marks in a checkerboard pattern. With nail scissors, I cut through circles at least 3 cm in diameter, so that when the tops of the heads shrink, they stick out. I put several layers of toilet paper on the bottom, and then the bulbs. Between them she laid toilet paper, sprinkling a little water. I made a handle out of wire and hung the structure on the window handle so that it would not take up space on the windowsill.
The onion pyramid does not require any maintenance, except for frequent watering, since paper dries faster in the dry air of an apartment than earth.

The husband always says that the best seasoning for any soup is green onions. In summer this is not a problem, but in winter ... But I found a way out. 50 plastic cups with a volume of 200 ml were half filled with water and placed all over the windowsill. She dipped an onion into each. A few days later, the first greens appeared.

Dad taught me how to make winter onion "beds" from five-liter plastic bottles. I cut off the top of the container with a clerical knife. Over the entire area, in a checkerboard pattern, I cut out oval holes with a diameter of an onion. I fill the future "bed" with soil from the garden, water it abundantly. I plant the heads on top at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other, press them into the holes on the sides so that they do not fall out. I put it in a well-lit area of ​​the apartment. I make sure that the earth does not dry out.

When grown at home in a jar of water, the bulbs often rot.
So it was with me, until I tried a new way.
I took a plastic egg container. I cut it into 2 halves with scissors. The half without indentations will be a pallet. Where the eggs used to be, I cut 10 round holes for the roots of the bulbs. I put 2 pencils on the pallet (you can put 2 wooden sticks).

They are needed so that there is space between the onion and the water. She put the second part on the pallet. 10 bulbs of suitable size, soaked in warm water for 1-2 days. Then I put the onions in the trays and poured water into the tray. I put it on the windowsill. I periodically added water. Green feathers appeared pretty soon, and the bulbs did not rot.

When sprouting on a feather, the onions are not fed, since there is a supply of nutrients in the bulb. But to accelerate the growth of greenery, you can add a pinch of ash to the water.
I wash plastic boxes with a height of 20 cm with a solution of potassium permanganate, pour soil mixture there. To prepare it, I mix 2 parts of garden soil and 1 part - compost, peat and rotted manure. Add 1 tbsp to a bucket of mixture. l. nitrophosphate and urea, 1 glass of ash and 1 kg of calcined sand.
I sow seeds to a depth of 1 cm in 2 rows, the distance between which is 15 cm. I put on a bag on top and remove it when shoots appear. About 50 days after the first shoots appear, the leaves can be cut off for food.

For forcing green onions, I use an old, tall, wide saucepan. I cut a circle out of plywood or thick cardboard according to the diameter of the dishes and make holes in it in a checkerboard pattern.
This circle is supported by wire hooks attached to the edges of the container. I hang the circle at a height of 8 cm from the bottom and fill this space with warm water. I insert a bulb into each hole, including those that have already sprouted. When the vital supply of the bulb ends, I replace it with a new one.
Anatoly KHIRILOV, Makeevka, Donetsk region

To get green onions all year round, it is important to properly prepare the bulbs for forcing.

I put the onions in boxes and heat them for 24 hours (this way it gives greens faster). 5 minutes before planting with a sharp knife, I cut off the necks of the bulbs and put them tightly together in a tray with wet moss (it keeps moisture for a long time, has bactericidal properties, prevents the development of pathogenic microbes), which I spill in advance with a warm solution of wood ash (100 g per 1 l of water).

With the same solution or ordinary water, I periodically moisten the substrate. I cut off the feathers after 3 weeks. I prepare a simple but delicious salad from them, mixing greens with a boiled egg and grated cheese.

In the spring, I still have a couple of "extra" kilograms of onions from the harvest of last year. Moreover, the bulbs are large enough, weighing 100 grams. I decided to plant them on greens.
In the spring I dropped it off, covered it with straw and ... forgot it. Fortunately, the mulch did not allow the weeds to grow. Only from time to time I cut off the greenery that had risen with thick bristles - all at once, at the root.

Since the middle of summer, I have completely abandoned the garden - the onion feathers have acquired a not very attractive appearance. In the fall, preparing the garden for the next season, I was pleasantly surprised: each bulb gave from two to six daughter ones, in no way inferior in size to the mother's. So the rule “don't cut the feather - there will be no onion” did not work. And only part of the bulbs gave flower arrows (I used them in the summer in bouquets), but there were not many of them.


Growing onions on a feather at home

How to grow onions for herbs at home.

After planting, the container with the onions is placed for a week in a warm place with a temperature of 25-30 ºC, and when the leaves reach a length of 1-2 cm, you can move the container to the balcony or to an unheated veranda. In the future, the rate of regrowth of greenery depends on the temperature of the air and water for irrigation.

Onion care at home.

The optimum air temperature for growing onion feathers is 18-22 ºC, and the water temperature is 20-25 ºC. Water the onion 1 or 2 times a week. The onion feather does not need feeding, since it receives nutrition from the bulb. As soon as the feather is stretched to 25-35 cm, it can be cut along the edges - the growth of leaves occurs from the center of the bulb. If you want to receive onions continuously and without interruption, plant them at intervals of 2-3 weeks.


Pests and diseases

An invasion of pests or diseases is much easier to prevent than to cure. And this statement is more than true in relation to the cultivation of onions on a feather. Since it only lasts about a month, no treatment makes sense here. It is only necessary:

  • sort the bulbs very carefully before planting
  • carry out the disinfection procedure before planting
  • use Fitosporin regularly
  • periodically inspect the planting and remove any bulbs that are starting to deteriorate
  • ventilate the greenhouse regularly and use a fan to circulate the air.


Watch the video: Successful Seeding u0026 Transplanting in the home garden with Alex Hessler