Aloe

Aloe

The herbaceous perennial plant aloe (Aloe) is a member of the Liliaceae family, this genus unites about 260 species. The plant comes from Africa, or rather, from its most arid regions. The fact is that aloe is highly resistant to drought.

Features of aloe

The aloe leaf plates that make up the rosette grow from the root, most often they are fleshy. There are species that have thorns on the foliage, and there are those that do not. In some species, a waxy coating is present on the foliage surface. During flowering, the bush is decorated with flowers of red, yellow or orange color. The shape of the inflorescence, depending on the species, can be racemose or paniculate, most often the flowers are bell-shaped or tubular.

Some species have healing properties, so they are used in alternative medicine. Aloe juice helps to heal abscesses and burns faster. It is also used to make masks because of its regenerating and rejuvenating properties. The foliage is used to obtain a substance that has a laxative effect. In culture, not only many types of aloe are grown, but also varieties.

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... Aloe is grown as an ornamental deciduous and medicinal plant.
  2. Illumination... Needs more bright sunlight. Sometimes in winter it is recommended to highlight the bush.
  3. Temperature regime... During the spring and summer period, the flower grows well at normal room temperature. In winter, the room should be no warmer than 14 degrees.
  4. Watering... During the growing season, the substrate in the pot is moistened immediately after the top layer dries. In the winter months, watering is carried out less often, or rather, two days after the surface of the soil mixture dries out. When watering, make sure that no liquid gets inside the leaf outlet.
  5. Air humidity... Aloe grows normally when the air humidity is typical for living quarters.
  6. Fertilizer... Top dressing is carried out from the second half of spring to the first autumn weeks, once every 4 weeks, for this, mineral fertilizers are used.
  7. Dormant period... It starts in the second half and ends in the middle of spring.
  8. Transfer... The bushes are transplanted at the beginning of the growing season, young bushes are subjected to this procedure once every couple of years, and older ones - once every 4 years.
  9. Soil mixture... Leafy and turfy soil, and also sand (1: 2: 1).
  10. Reproduction... Root shoots and seed method.
  11. Harmful insects... Aphids, scale insects, mealybugs and spider mites.
  12. Diseases... A plant can only get sick if it is not properly cared for. Most often it suffers from rot, which appears from over-watering.
  13. Properties... Some types of aloe are distinguished by healing properties. They have anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, wound healing, antibacterial, regenerating and other properties.

Home care for aloe

Illumination

Aloe is a light-loving plant, so it is best to grow it at home on a southern window, while it is not afraid of direct sunlight. A bush that has stood in shade for a long time is gradually accustomed to the bright rays of the sun. In winter, the bush sometimes needs additional lighting, for this you can use fluorescent lamps.

Temperature regime

In the summertime, aloe develops and grows within normal limits at normal room temperature. In the warm season, it can be transferred to fresh air, while a place protected from precipitation is chosen for it. If in the summer you do not carry the plant outside, then it is recommended to systematically ventilate the room in which it is located. In winter, aloe has a dormant period, in this regard, it is recommended to rearrange it in a cool place (no warmer than 14 degrees). If the room is warmer, then the bush can begin to actively stretch out, since in winter the sun cannot give it the required amount of light.

Watering

During the growing season, watering aloe is carried out immediately after the surface of the soil mixture in the pot dries out. In winter, watering should be more rare, however, the earthen coma should not be allowed to dry out. When moistening the substrate, make sure that no liquid gets inside the leaf outlet, because this can lead to rotting of the trunk, and this, in turn, can destroy the bush.

Air humidity

Such a flower grows normally and develops at any humidity.

Bloom

In order for the aloe to bloom, it needs a period of rest, which is possible only with a long day of light and coolness. It is quite difficult to provide a plant with such conditions when growing in an apartment, therefore, its flowering can be seen extremely rarely.

Fertilizer

Top dressing is carried out from the second half of spring to early autumn with a frequency of 1 time in 4 weeks. When the bush is at rest, it is not necessary to apply fertilizer to the soil mixture.

Aloe transplant

A suitable substrate for growing aloe should consist of sod and deciduous soil, and also sand (2: 1: 1). In order for the soil mixture to be looser, it is mixed with a small amount of charcoal and small pieces of brick. The transplant is carried out only if necessary, as a rule, young bushes are subjected to this procedure once every couple of years, and older ones - once every 4 years.

Reproduction methods

Seed reproduction

Aloe can be grown from seed quite easily. To begin with, a good drainage layer is made at the bottom of the container, then it is filled with a sand mixture and seeds are sown. Sowing is carried out in the last winter or first spring weeks. Crops are provided with regular watering and ventilation. Protect them from direct sunlight, while the air temperature should be around 20 degrees. The picking of the appeared seedlings into individual containers is carried out when they are 30 days old. When 3 months have passed after transplanting, the plant will need to dive again into larger containers, after which they are provided with the same care as adult bushes.

How to propagate by shoots

For propagation of aloe by shoots, use the same soil mixture as for sowing seeds. In the spring or in the first summer weeks, separate the young shoots growing from the roots from the parent bush, after which they are planted in an individual container. After the bush grows roots and starts growing, it is provided with the same care as an adult plant.

How to properly propagate and transplant aloe (agave) at home. Proven methods.

Diseases and pests of aloe

If you take care of aloe incorrectly, then problems may arise with it:

  1. Foliage is faded and sluggish... This can happen due to excessively frequent watering, when the surface of the soil mixture does not have time to dry out. The wrong substrate may also be to blame.
  2. Shoots become elongated... With poor lighting, the bush begins to actively stretch, as a result of which it loses its decorative effect. To avoid this, it is recommended to illuminate the plant with fluorescent lamps, thus increasing the length of daylight hours.
  3. Rot appeared on shoots and roots... On the roots, rot appears as a result of too frequent or excessively abundant watering. And stem decay most often occurs due to the fact that liquid got into the leaf outlet during watering, especially if the room is cool. Choose the most suitable watering regime for the aloe, cut off all affected parts of the bush and transplant it into fresh substrate.
  4. The tips of the leaf plates turn brown... This plant is rather undemanding to air humidity. But if the air is too dry, then it will need to increase its humidity. Due to very poor watering, brown spots may form on the edge of the leaf plates.
  5. Dark spots appeared on the foliage... The bush should be protected from drafts, and strong cold (below 8 degrees) can also harm it. The room should be ventilated regularly, but the flower should be in a place that will be protected from drafts.
  6. Harmful insects... Scales, mealybugs, aphids and spider mites can settle on the bush.

How to grow aloe vera at home? Florist Tips - All will be kind. Release 986 on 03/21/17

Types of aloe with photos and names

White-flowered aloe (Aloe albiflora)

The bush does not have this type of stem at all. The width of the narrow leaf plates is about 5 centimeters, and their length is up to 25 centimeters, along the edge there are small white thorns. The foliage is greenish-gray with a large number of white dots on its surface. During flowering, a peduncle about 50 cm long grows, brushes consisting of white flowers are formed on it. This aloe can be easily propagated by rosettes.

Fan aloe (Aloe plicatilis)

This aloe is a bushy plant, the stem of which becomes lignified over time. The height of a highly branching bush can reach about 5 meters. The trunk is divided into small branches, and a leaf rosette is formed on each of them. Opposite leaf plates grow in 14-16 pieces, their shape is linear, and the top is rounded. The length of the grayish-green leaf plates is no more than 30 centimeters, and their width is up to 4 centimeters, as a rule, the edge is smooth. On the tops of long peduncles, brushes are formed, consisting of 25-30 red flowers. The length of the peduncle can be up to half a meter. This species differs from the others in that it needs more frequent watering. This plant is also called Aloe tripetala, or Aloe lingua, or Aloe linguaeformis.

Aloe vera

The shoots of the bush are short. Collected in small rosettes, green foliage has a lanceolate shape, most often there are specks of white on its surface, and on the edge there are thorns of a pale pink hue. The length of the sheet plates can reach about half a meter. On a high peduncle, several brushes are formed, which consist of pale yellow flowers, reaching about 30 mm in length. There are varieties with red flowers. This species is also called aloe Lanza (Floe lanzae), or Barbados aloe (Aloe barbadensis), or Indian aloe (Aloe indica).

Aloe descoingsii

This herb has a very short stem. The foliage growing from the root is collected in a rosette, its length is only about 40 mm, and its shape is elongated-triangular. On the surface of the slightly corrugated pale or dark green leaf blades, there are many dots of white tint. The tubular orange flowers are about 10 mm long. They are collected in a brush that forms in the upper part of a thirty-centimeter peduncle that grows out of a flower rosette. The species can be quickly propagated by basal young rosettes.

Aloe jacksonii

This bushy perennial plant has a rather short stem (about 30 centimeters high). The length of the narrow leaf plates is up to 10 centimeters, they have small thorns along the edge, and 1 longer thorn grows in the upper part. On both surfaces of greenish foliage, there is a coating of wax and whitish spots. During flowering, a peduncle 20 centimeters long is formed, on which a brush, consisting of reddish tubular flowers, grows.

Aloe dichotoma

In nature, this species is a tree-like evergreen perennial plant, the height of which is about 8 meters. On both surfaces of the bluish-green leaf plates there is a waxy coating, their length is about 40 centimeters, and their width is up to 6 centimeters, with small spikes along the edge. The brushes that form during flowering consist of yellow tubular flowers. One peduncle can grow from 1 to 3 inflorescences.

Aloe arborescens

This species, widely cultivated in indoor conditions, is also called "agave". The height of a tree or bush can be up to three meters. Gradually, the shoots are bare from below, and in the upper part they branch strongly. The apical rosette dense fleshy leaf plates have a xiphoid shape in length, and curved concave in width. Their color is grayish-green, their length is about half a meter, and their width is about 60 mm. On the edge of the plate there are thorns, reaching 0.3 cm in length. The species blooms in May-June, but when grown at home, flowers on the bush can be seen infrequently. On a high peduncle, brushes are formed, consisting of pink, red or yellow flowers.

Aloe camperi

The species is a low perennial herb. Curved narrow glossy leaf plates have a green color and a lanceolate shape, their width is up to 50 mm, and their length is about 50 cm, the edge is finely toothed. During flowering, a tall peduncle is formed, on which clusters grow, consisting of orange, red and yellow tubular flowers, the length of which is no more than 50 mm.

Aloe cap-shaped (Aloe mitriformis)

The stem of this herbaceous perennial plant is short. The leaf plates growing from the roots are collected in a rosette and have a rounded triangular shape, their length is about 20 centimeters, and their width is no more than 15 centimeters. The color of the foliage can be anything from bluish-gray to green; many small thorns grow on its seamy surface, as well as on the edge. A tall peduncle grows from a leaf rosette, in the upper part of which a racemose inflorescence is formed, consisting of tubular flowers of a deep red or simply red color. At home, it blooms very rarely.

Short-leaved aloe (Aloe brevifolia)

This herbaceous perennial plant has foliage collected in rosettes. Their shape can be different from triangular to lanceolate, in length they reach about 11 centimeters, and in width - up to 4 centimeters. White teeth are located on the outer surface of the plate and on its edge. The foliage is bluish green. Tubular red flowers are collected in a raceme that forms at the top of a tall peduncle.

Aloe bellatula

The homeland of such a stemless herbaceous plant is Madagascar. The rosette foliage growing from the root reaches only about 15 centimeters long and about 1 centimeter wide. On the surface of the dark green plate, there are many white specks and tubercles, and on the edge there are small spines. Bell-shaped flowers are painted in coral color.

Aloe marlothii

The height of this shrub is about three meters. Fleshy lanceolate leaf plates are collected in a basal rosette, on both surfaces there is a waxy coating. They are painted grayish-green, their length is up to one and a half meters, and their width is up to 30 centimeters. Both surfaces of the plate, as well as its edge, are covered with a large number of small pale red spines. Tubular flowers are collected in a brush, most often they are painted in an orange-red hue.

Soap aloe (Aloe saponaria)

Or soapy aloe, or spotted aloe (Aloe maculata). The bush has a branching stem and, as a rule, several leaf rosettes are formed in it. The length of flat-curved green leaf plates is about 0.6 meters, and their width is up to 6 centimeters, on both surfaces there are many specks of white color, along the edge there are five-millimeter spikes. Small racemes are composed of yellow flowers that sometimes have a reddish tint.

Aloe aristata (Aloe aristata)

Such a bushy plant has short stems. Triangular green foliage is part of the rosette, it is decorated with whitish tubercles, and small thorns are located along the edge. A long thread grows at the tip of the slightly curved plate. On a high peduncle, several brushes are formed, consisting of 20-30 orange-red flowers, the shape of which is tubular.

Aloe distans

In such a shrub, creeping stems reach about 3 meters in length. The length of the pointed-ovoid grayish-green leaf plates is about 10 centimeters, at the base they reach up to 6 centimeters in width. There are small white thorns along the edge and in the middle of the leaf plate. When the bush blooms, it is decorated with brushes consisting of yellow tubular flowers.

Aloe striata, or gray aloe

The homeland of such a stemless perennial plant is South Africa. Collected in a basal rosette, fleshy dense leaf plates have a grayish-green color, their width is up to 15 centimeters, and their length is about half a meter. The smooth edge of the plate is colored red. As a rule, several brushes are formed on a high peduncle, consisting of small reddish flowers. The species blooms in the second half of spring.

Aloe tiger (Aloe variegata)

Or variegated aloe, or aloe ausana, or aloe punctata. The height of such a stemless shrub is about 30 centimeters. The elongated foliage is collected in root rosettes, its width is up to 6 centimeters, and its length is about 15 centimeters. The dark green leaf plates are decorated with a white pattern of dots and stripes. At the tops of tall peduncles, racemose inflorescences grow, which consist of flowers of a red, pink or yellow hue.

Aloe ferox

Under natural conditions, the height of a bush with a straight stem reaches about three meters. In the upper part of the aloe, a leaf rosette is formed, consisting of leaf plates about half a meter long and up to 15 centimeters wide. Greenish foliage under certain conditions takes on a pale red tint. The teeth growing along the edge sometimes form on the surface of the leaf plate. From the middle of the leaf rosette, a racemose inflorescence grows, the height of which is about half a meter, it consists of flowers of a rich orange-red hue.

TOP 10 most beautiful types of ALOE for indoor floriculture | Photos and titles


Aloe, a plant about which more than enough has been written and told. But basically all publications refer to its medicinal properties, which are truly amazing, but there is very little information about the cultivation and proper course of this wonderful plant at home. There is nothing surprising in this, because aloe is so unpretentious that caring for it is often purely symbolic.

For many "non-lovers", he actually lives his own life, receiving from time to time his portion of water and that's it ... But even with such "care" aloe grows and generously supplies its owners with healing leaves. You have probably seen untidy, solid-sized "trees" sitting in the same pot for years on more than one occasion. It did not even occur to their owners that with proper, completely unobtrusive care, aloe can be not only a healer, but also an excellent ornamental plant, wonderfully decorating and complementing the interior.


Features of the reproduction of subspecies of indoor aloe

Aloe can become the main decoration of the interior.

There are about three hundred subspecies of culture. Only four are cultivated at home:

  • "Tree-like"
  • "Motley"
  • aloe vera"
  • "Spinous".

"Tree" representative (agave)

It got its name from the highly developed trunk. Pointed leaves are silvery in color. Compliance with all conditions of care will help grow a giant aloe - more than 1 meter long.

The culture is native to South Africa. In natural conditions, it grows in the desert. It is widely used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, skin and injuries.

Propagated by the vegetative method - cuttings or children. Forms inflorescences very rarely. The intensive development of the branches allows the plant parts to be used repeatedly for reproduction.

Aloe "Motley"

Reaches no more than thirty centimeters in length. The leaves have a three-level, stepped shape. Differs in a bright shade of dark leaves. Light spots are clearly separated on a green background. Due to its unusual coloring, the subspecies was named “tiger”.

As they grow older, the leaves of the triangular shape acquire a golden color. The first buds can appear at the age of four. Several bright orange inflorescences are formed on the emerging shoot.

The decorative type of aloe reproduces by lateral and apical shoots.

Aloe vera"

Grows naturally in the Canary Islands. The shrub is popular for its massive stems and long leaves. Aloe juice has a similar chemical composition to the "tree" representative. Parts of the plant are widely used in folk medicine.

Culture tends to adapt to a long dry period. As the earthen coma dries, the flower protects the pores. Without moistening the soil, aloe can retain its decorative effect for a long time.

On a long peduncle, cysts of scarlet and yellow inflorescences are formed. The subspecies is propagated by seeds, cuttings and children.

Spinty aloe

A group of fleshy leaves with a white border forms a rosette with an average diameter of 10 centimeters.

An adult plant should be chosen for propagation. The best way to spread is by layering. Massive leaves can obscure babies. From insufficient lighting and air circulation, small aloes die. It is necessary to separate the planting material as early as possible from the mother culture.

Detailed information on breeding methods can be found in the video:


Home care

Before you start an eschinanthus in your house, you need to learn all the intricacies of caring for a plant. It is not so easy to grow it at home. In order for it to grow and bloom normally, it needs to provide suitable conditions.

Location and lighting

Eschinanthus will feel good on shelves, wall-mounted pots. Its stems should calmly fall downward. This plant is light-loving, so it is better for him to choose well-lit places without direct sun exposure.

It is better to place the culture on the west or east window. If this is the south side, then the plant must be shaded during periods of sunshine, otherwise the leaves may get burned. Due to a lack of lighting, aeschinanthus may not bloom at all. The room where the flower grows must be regularly ventilated, while it is important to ensure that there are no drafts. They are detrimental to the plant.

Choosing a flowerpot

The root system of Aeschinanthus is not very long. Therefore, the flowerpot for him should be wide, but not deep. With each subsequent transplant of a bush, you need to take a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. It is better to keep the container a little tight than loose. In it, the plant will grow and bloom better. The bottom of the flowerpot should be with drainage holes. The liquid should not stagnate in the ground, otherwise the roots will begin to rot.

Soil and drainage

Loose, water and air permeable soil is suitable for eschinanthus. It also needs to be nutritious. You can take a ready-made universal mixture, add coconut fiber, fine expanded clay or vermiculite to it, so that it is looser.

If you prepare the substrate with your own hands, you need to mix 2 parts of leafy soil and peat, 1 part each of sphagnum and sand.

Planting and transplanting

It is recommended to replant young shrubs annually. For adults, the procedure is carried out as needed. If the roots begin to crawl out of the pot, then the escinanthus needs to be transplanted.

Transplant algorithm:

  • Prepare the substrate, disinfect it with a fungicide or steaming method.
  • Put drainage on the bottom, sprinkle it with a little soil mixture on top.
  • Carefully remove the plant from the old pot, leaving a whole earthy lump.
  • Place it in the center of the new container. If the cultivation is planned with a support, it must be installed immediately during transplantation.
  • Sprinkle soil between the walls of the flowerpot and an earthen lump. Tamp down slightly.
  • Water the soil, you can spray the leaves and place the flowerpot in partial shade. After a week, rearrange to a bright place.

Temperature and humidity

To achieve flowering, Aeschinanthus needs to provide a suitable temperature regime throughout the year. This tropical culture loves warmth. During the growing season, a temperature of + 20-25 degrees is required. With its thermophilicity, the flower will not be very comfortable in the heat. In winter, he needs coolness within + 13-16 degrees. In such conditions, buds will be better tied.

It is recommended to keep the air humidity at least 50-60%. Due to the dry air, yellow spots will appear on the leaves. If the room is hot, the plant needs to be regularly sprayed, place a pallet with wet pebbles next to it.

Watering

Aeschinanthus is hygrophilous, but excess moisture is destructive for him. Watering the flower should be moderate, after the soil dries up by 1-2 cm, so that air gets to the roots. It is impossible to overdry the soil. The flower may die. In summer, you need to water on average 2-3 times a week. Be sure to drain excess liquid from the pallet.

Top dressing

During active growth and flowering, the plant needs fertilizing 2 times a month. But you must not allow an excess of fertilizer. Mineral formulations for flowering plants are suitable for feeding aeschinanthus. The culture especially needs potash and phosphorus fertilizers, which contribute to flowering. The nutrient mixture can only be poured into moistened soil to avoid scalding the roots.

Flowering and resting period

Young specimens usually bloom without problems. Subsequently, the plant may show character and refuse to bloom.

The reasons for the lack of flowering can be different:

  • lack of lighting
  • soil poor in nutrients
  • too big pot
  • very warm wintering
  • dry air
  • change of location during the budding period.

For future flowering, it is important to provide the Aeschinantus with proper wintering. Move the pot to a cooler place. During the rest period, the number of watering is reduced, feeding is stopped. The amount of light should be sufficient, at least 14 hours a day. Therefore, in winter, it is recommended to install special lamps for illumination next to the plant.

Pruning

Eschinanthus is a semi-shrub and shrub plant. To keep its appearance beautiful, it should be trimmed regularly. Pruning and pinching is carried out during the growing season. After flowering, dried inflorescences must be removed. After 5 years of age, the eschinanthus, unfortunately, loses its former decorative effect. The lower part of the shoots is strongly exposed. Therefore, it is recommended to replace old copies with young ones.


Care after breeding

How to root aloe so that after this procedure the daughter plant grows healthy and takes on the size of the mother plant or even outgrows it? To do this, you must observe the following rules for caring for a young succulent:

  • initially, all processes must be carefully protected from direct sunlight and strong overheating
  • in the warm season, the young plant is gradually taught to fresh air and bright lighting. To do this, he is taken out for several hours on a balcony, open terrace, porch, etc. The time must be gradually increased. If the plant was transplanted in the summer, then such procedures can be started only from next year.
  • if young sprouts are planted in the autumn-winter period, then it is necessary to extend their daylight hours by hanging a special lamp for this
  • the plant needs regular watering as the topsoil dries up. Watering must be carried out in such a way that moisture does not get on the leaves and does not accumulate in the sockets.
  • the plant should grow in a ventilated area. However, the air should not be very cold, and drafts should also be avoided when ventilating.
  • leaves periodically need to be wiped with a clean cloth to avoid dust accumulation on them
  • after 6-9 months, it is necessary to make the first feeding of the plant with special fertilizers for succulents. Adult plants should be fed once or twice a year.

Tips for novice growers for the care and propagation of aloe:

  • if the first rooting attempt failed, then do not despair. Perhaps some mistake was made in the selection of material or parts of the future plant were damaged. It is worth repeating the procedure if there is an adult plant.
  • the worst thing that happens to aloe is the invasion of pests or diseases. Most often it is a mealybug or scale insect. To get rid of them, you need to transplant the plant into new soil, and disinfect the pot. The flower itself must be washed with soapy water or a special insecticide
  • the most important thing when breeding scarlet is to follow all the recommendations and try not to violate them. Only in this case everything will work out.

Note! Aloe propagation is a process that every beginner in the field of floriculture can independently carry out.

All varieties of this plant are easy to root, but take a little longer than most other flowers. However, it is worth it, since not only the external attractiveness will delight its owner, but also the healing properties of almost all of its types. This will especially appeal to young parents and allergy sufferers, since such a medicine is unlikely to cause rashes and give side effects. The cosmetic effect also exceeds even the most daring expectations.


Watch the video: What Happens When You Freeze Dry Aloe Vera?