Serviceberry sowing, planting, cutting, maintaining, harvesting - Our

Serviceberry sowing, planting, cutting, maintaining, harvesting - Our

Serviceberry, beautiful tree, easy and beautiful in the ornamental garden

The serviceberry, superb from spring to fall. This tree is an explosion of flowers in spring, in April-May, then delicious berries, and finally a lively leaves, which takes on a superb red-orange hue as fall arrives. The flowers are numerous and all in lightness and elegance. Its fruits are tasty and the tree is extremely hardy with a resistance up to around 20 ° C! What qualities for this tree which animates the gardener from the first days of the new season.

Botanical name:

• Amelanchier spp

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial fruit tree
• Foliage: persistent
• Hardiness: hardy plant (-20 ° C)
• Family: Rosaceae - rosaceae
• Harbor : Tree
• Exhibition: Sun and partial shade
• Ground : All nourishing soil
• Sowing: fall
• Plantation: Spring and fall
• Flowering: March / April - May / June
• Fructification: May June
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: Zones 7 to 10, See hardiness map (France - Quebec)
• Origin: North America and Europe
• Honey plant: Yes
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous Plant: No

Special features of the serviceberry:

• The serviceberry is said to be a "4 seasons tree", aesthetic in every period from spring to winter.

What advantages in the garden:

• Beauty of bloom and leaves in fall.
• Small fruits, small berries, deliciously fruity in summer.
• Rapid growth.
• Brightly colored leaves in the fall.

What exhibition?

• Sun and partial shade

What soil?

• Ordinary, well-drained soil.

Method of multiplication?

• Cutting
• Sowing in the nursery

When to sow the serviceberry?

In autumn

How to sow the serviceberry:

Seedlings of the serviceberry are not easy when practiced as an amateur, they are especially very long:

• Sow in the nursery when the seeds are mature, around October.
• As is often the case, species hybridize with each other.
• Stratify the seeds in a terrine, for a month in a sheltered location at ± 20 ° C.
• After this time, place the culture outside in a cool place, against a wall.
• Germination is difficult and sometimes very slow, up to 18 months.

• If you have succeeded in obtaining the seedlings in the first spring (otherwise you have to watch until the following year).
• Lighten if necessary.
• Place the crops in partial shade.
• Watch the watering carefully.

• In the fall, plant the serviceberries in the final places.
• Watch watering for the entire first year.

When to cut the serviceberry?

• Cut the fruit tree with month of June or at the end of summer end of August and September.

How to make a serviceberry cutting?

Cutting at the end of June, stifled:

• Collect some herbaceous branches
• Remove the leaves along the entire length of the branch segment but leave the top one which will act as a "sap puller"
• Place the cuttings, one per medium 15-20 cm pot, in a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.
• Tamp, water.
• Cover of a bell, of1/2 plastic bottle (acting as a bell) or still in a mini greenhouse.
• The idea here is that the irrigation water does not evaporate and creates a cycle that helps to moisten the atmosphere and thus prevent the cuttings from drying out.
• Place the cuttings in the light, avoiding direct sunlight.
• If you observe too much condensation, do not hesitate to evaporate from time to time.
• Transplant them in the spring.

September cutting on semi-hardwood or woody seedlings:

• Prepare medium pots filled with a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.
• Prepare serviceberry twigs about 20 to 25 cm long.
• Get rid of the leaves except those at the top.
• Push them into the earth for a dozen cm.
• Water.
• Place the pots and cuttings in the light and if possible in the shelter of a wall.
• Control watering.
• You will replant them in March.

When to transplant or plant?

• Serviceberry can be planted year round for trees delivered in containers.
• For those delivered bare roots, replant them outside of the frost period, preferably in spring and fall.

How to plant the serviceberry?

For Saskatoon berries delivered in containers:
• Work the soil and amend the soil with potting soil.
• Place the plans in sun or partial shade.
• Place the root ball without burying the collar.
• Recap and tamp the soil well.
• It is possible to place a stake especially in gardens where (for example) children play and could move the young tree and weaken its root system.
• Water generously.

Culture in pots?

• In a pot suitable for the size, ie in a very large pot about 80 cm in diameter.
• Place a gravel bed to drain the water.
• Fill with a mixture of garden soil / potting soil.
• Place the saskatoon root ball.
• Fill in the soil gaps.
• Tamp down with water.
• Generally placed in a pot, its growth will be slowed down. But the tree will be able to reach the 2 put in height.

Interview :

It is often said that maintenance is not necessary, but in reality there are a few cases where it is better to intervene.
• Form pruning to strengthen the structure of the tree by strengthening the main branches.
• Remove drooping branches (facing the ground).
• In the long run, remove dead wood / branches.

Flowering of the serviceberry:

• A very beautiful flowering early in the season which gives heart to the gardener.
• The flowers are small, with fragile petals arranged in a star, white with a green heart.


• Serviceberry "Canadensis" can reach 8 meters in height.
• Serviceberry "Laevis", smallest grindstone about 6 meters.
• Serviceberry "Laevis", smallest grindstone about 6 meters.

What to plant with amarantoid?

• blueberries, annuals, acroclinium….

Use :

ATa garden: In annual beds, in the flower garden, on the edge or in a natural garden
• Without garden:
In a large pot, or in a planter.

Quick sheet:

Photo by Prenn on - under creative commons license.

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In the fruit garden

Work to be done in the fruit garden in February

You can cut blackcurrants, raspberries, blackberries, currants, fig trees.

On the planting side, there is still time to plant apricot trees, peach trees, and early flowering fruit trees. You can also plant the strawberry in a pot.

You can prune apricots, peach trees, you have to finish pruning fruit trees before mid-February. Do not forget to cover the apricot trees with wintering sails. Their flowers can freeze.

This is the last month for prune fruit shrubs such as black currants, hazelnuts.

Start the size of pome fruit trees like pear or apple trees.

February is an ideal month for pruning raspberries.

If you are in a region with mild temperatures you can also prune the olive trees.

Rose hips : fruit if nature has saved it for you

Spinach : leaves in a greenhouse or mild winter after sowing in October

Ground ivy : leaves

rosettes grown from the October sowing, see November for regions with mild winters

wild rosettes

Parsnip : roots

Little burnet : leaves so mild winter

Plantain : leaves and roots in a mild climate

Worry : flowers in regions with mild winters

Thyme : branches and leaves

Jerusalem artichoke : tubers


We eat the grains fresh or dry

Red marbled pods

Unlike snap beans which are eaten before full maturity, fresh grain beans are harvested at a more advanced maturity and dry ones are fully ripe. . The last seedlings of beans to be harvested in grains must therefore be done earlier to give them time to darken before the first frosts. r n

Sowing calendar / Harvest Reaming Beans r n

Grains to eat fresh r n

When to sow: May to mid-July r n

When to harvest: September r n

Grains to eat dry r n

When to sow: May to end of June r n

When to harvest: October r n

How to Sow Reamed Bean Seeds Tongue of Fire r n r n Sow generally from May until August r n Prepare 2-line 2.50m to 3m oars r n Space the oars 50 to 70 cm between the rows and 40 cm on the line then connect the oars together 30 cm from the top r n Distribute all around the foot of each oar and 10 cm from it, pockets of 5 to 6 seeds that you have driven to 3 cm deep r n Water r n r n

How to Care for Row Beans r n r n Hoe and mound the Bean stems (bring the earth towards the stems) when they are 10 to 15 cm r n Do this regularly to limit watering r n Air and light must be able to penetrate between the oars, so avoid planting multiple rows of row beans side by side r n Stagger the seedlings every 2 or 3 weeks in order to have a continuous harvest in the season r n r n

How to Consume and Store Row Beans Tong of Fire r n

Beans harvested when young can be eaten snap-on r n

Once dry, the beans will keep for several months in airtight jars r n

CÉVENNES Yellow Onion

Slightly flattened bulb with yellow skin and white flesh

Very smooth and sweet flavor

Onion Planting Schedule (Late Summer Harvest) r n

When to sow: February, March in place or in a box r n

When to transplant: April May r n

When to harvest: August, September r n

How to Sow Onion Seeds Cevenes Yellow r n r n Sow your seeds in a box r n Sow clear r n Fill your boxes with potting soil and tamp lightly using a board for example r n Water the potting soil r n Place the seeds 0.5 cm deep r n Tamp down again r n If necessary, water lightly with a fine apple so as not to bury or scatter the seeds r n r n

Sowing can also be done in the ground r n

When and How to Transplant Yellow Cine Onion Plants r n r n Transplant into the ground when the plants are 15 to 20 cm r n Cut off a third of the foliage, and listen to the roots in half before transplanting r n Transplant every 10 / 15 cm (depending on variety) r n Water r n Space the lines every 35 cm r n Or thin out every 10 to 15 cm for seedlings done in place r n r n

How to take care of Yellow Cevennes onions r n r n Hoe regularly to keep the ground clean r n Water in case of drought r n Stop watering 3 weeks before harvest r n r n

How to Harvest Cinevenes Yellow Onions r n

Harvest in dry weather when the foliage has turned yellow r n

Leave in the sun for 48 hours r n

Store in a dry, frost-free place r n

The Spring Plant Festival at the Château de Saint-Jean de Beauregard

With the arrival of spring, there is also a return of various events in the gardens. So this weekend, wherever we are in France, various events are taking place in the green spaces.

One of the events that is starting to gain momentum is the Spring Plant Festival at the Château de Saint-Jean de Beauregard, in Essonne (91). It takes place from Friday April 8 to Sunday April 10, from 10 am to 6 pm, with the theme this year: "Red in the garden". In a majestic setting, multiple activities and exhibitions are organized, making it possible to satisfy all audiences, young and old, amateurs as well as enthusiasts, or professionals.

Castle of Saint-Jean de Beauregard

More than 250 specialists and nursery growers present a wide range of plants, whether classic or more unusual, and offer their invaluable advice for landscaping, beautifying or maintaining your garden and your plants.

In order to reward certain nurserymen for their rare or little-known plants, an Awards and Trophies Ceremony must take place on Friday April 8 at 2 p.m., followed by an exhibition of the award-winning plants.

A section is especially devoted to the art of living in the garden, with artisan creations, tools, a flea market, or even gastronomy.

Various mulching techniques to reduce watering, treatments and maintenance, as well as to nourish soil and plants, are presented.

An exchange of plants between gardeners (enthusiasts, amateurs, or professionals) must also take place.

A demonstration of architectural size is performed on various trees in the park at 11 a.m., 12 p.m. and 5 p.m., along with advice on pruning.

Two educational workshops are also offered: the first consists of making your own seedling in a biodegradable pot made from recycled newspaper; the second is an olfactory workshop, with the discovery of perfume plants and the creation of your own fragrance.

Finally, several conferences and signatures are organized throughout the three days on various subjects, such as plants to associate with roses, or even possible biological treatments.

There you have it, a priori there is something to do during these three days, according to this tantalizing program!

Otherwise, if you live too far away, the solution is still to discover an event in a green space closer to your home, or simply to enjoy your own garden!

Here is the lunar calendar for the coming days (April 8 to 15), along with an example of work to be done in the garden each day:

The Moon is ascending from Friday to Tuesday, so this is a good time for sowing. It descends from Wednesday to the following Friday, so this is a good time for planting.

On Friday, the Moon passes in front of the constellations related to the element "Water". Now is the time, for example, to sow sorrel.

On Saturday, the Moon passes in front of the constellations related to the element "Fire". Now is the time, for example, to sow beans.

From Sunday to Tuesday, the Moon passes in front of the constellations related to the element "Earth". Now is the time, for example, to sow carrots and radishes.

On Wednesday and Thursday, the Moon passes in front of the constellations related to the element "Air". Now is the time, for example, to plant artichokes.

On Friday, the Moon passes in front of the constellations related to the element "Water". Now is the time, for example, to plant aromatics like bay leaf.

So enjoy the plant festival if you go and otherwise good gardening!

PS: And for those who want to know more about the question of gardening with the Moon, there is an article dedicated to it: What if you garden with the Moon?

Video: Potting on blueberries as container fruits