When the amazing time of flowering of primroses passes, and the green wave of foliage, which until recently amazed the eye, suddenly suddenly becomes habitual, magnificently blooming spireas will appear on the stage.
Spirea got its name from the Greek word "speira", which means bend. The bend is characteristic of the very graceful appearance of the branches, bending beautifully and giving the plant an additional decorative effect. There is also a Russian version of the name of this plant - meadowsweet, and in the south of Russia the stress is placed on the last syllable, and in the north - on the first.
However, this is botanically incorrect, since the genus of meadowsweet, although it includes spirea-like plants, only herbaceous plants, while all spireas are shrubs, albeit of different sizes.
A bit of history
Spirea plants have been known in Russia for a long time. For example, in the epic "Sadko", when the ship of the protagonist stops in the middle of the sea, the participants of the campaign throw "the tavolzhany lot" In this way, it was revealed which of the sailors should be thrown into the sea as a sacrifice to the sea king.
If we take into account the constancy of the text of epics over the centuries, we can assume that the spirea attracted the attention of our ancestors even during the period of the creation of the epic “Sadko”, that is, before the annexation of Novgorod to the Moscow Grand Duchy and the destruction of its liberties, which happened in 1478.
Unfortunately, we do not know the reasons why the lot was drawn on the meadows. There are indications of this plant in other sources, for example, in the dictionary of V.I. Dahl says that in the steppe zone in the 19th century, meadowsweet had a completely practical application, from it (namely, from twigs) they made ramrods and whips. However, now spirea is used only as an ornamental culture.
Its decorative qualities were noticed and appreciated by gardeners: already in the 16th century they first began to grow willow spirea, and then in the 19th century it was introduced into the culture. birch spirea... Some spireas are used in horticulture and gardening quite often, others - only singularly, but almost all of them, due to their extraordinary decorative effect, flowering duration, frost resistance, gas resistance and ease of reproduction, deserve much more attention from horticulture.
Features of culture
Spirea is a deciduous shrub that rarely exceeds two meters in height. The shape of their bushes is different. There are pyramidal and weeping, hemispherical and erect, creeping and cascading plants in nature.
The species differ in the shape and color of the rather graceful leaves, many of them change their green outfit in the fall to orange, yellow or purple-red. A fairly large number of species, with their skillful cultivation and selection, allows you to achieve continuous flowering of plants from spring to late autumn, for which spireas are valued.
Their flowers, although small, but numerous, are collected in inflorescences of various shapes: corymbose, paniculate, spike-shaped or pyramidal; there are species with single flowers. Flowers usually range in color from pure white to crimson.
In addition, the decorativeness of the spireas is given not only by various options for the location of inflorescences on the shoots, but also by different flowering periods. There are, for example, species whose inflorescences completely cover the entire shoot, say, as in spirea sharp-toothed; or located only on the upper part of the shoots, like in the middle spirea or Bumald's spirea; and, finally, the inflorescences can be located at the ends of the shoots, like in spirea willow leaf and spirea japonica.
Specialists divide all spireas into two large groups - blooming in spring and blooming in summer. In spring-blooming spirits, flowering usually occurs on the shoots of the last year, and the flowers themselves are often white.
In the second group, on the contrary, the flowers are pink and they are placed on the shoots of the current year. In addition to botanical characteristics, this division is also reflected in the agrotechnology of spirea care: species blooming in spring are cut off immediately after flowering, and those blooming in the second half of summer - only in spring. An interesting fact: the plants of the first group (blooming in spring) bloom together, but for a short time, and the second group - not so amicably, but more extended.
So, let's take a closer look at each of the groups:
Spireas blooming in spring
This group includes species whose flower buds are laid on the shoots of the last year, therefore, flowering begins from the second year of the shoot's life. This group is characterized by the formation of numerous tillering shoots, for example, a ten-year-old plant can have up to 70 of them! It must be remembered that pruning This type of spire is reduced only to the removal of completely obsolete shoots and to the annual pruning of the tips of the frozen branches.
This group includes a fairly large number of species. It is worth listing and describing the most common and valuable ones. First of all, these are alpine spiraea, Vangutta, crenate, oak-leaved, St. John's-white, Cantonese, multi-flowered, nippon, sharp-toothed, adorable, gray, slate, medium, Thunberg and trilobate. Of these, the most common and used in green construction: Wangut's spirea, multiflorous spirea, nippon spirea and sharp-toothed spirea.
Spirea Wangutta... A hybrid between Cantonese spirea and three-lobed spirea. This species is striking first of all for its size - the height and diameter of the crown reaches two meters!
Plants are very decorative thanks to the spreading, arched branches curving downward, forming a beautiful crown shape. The leaves reach a length of 3.5 centimeters, they are usually obovate, painted in dark green above and dull-gray below. Its flowers are beautiful, pure white, collected in dense numerous hemispherical inflorescences, densely covering the entire shoot.
This species blooms for several weeks, enchanting the eyes with the whiteness of its numerous flowers, under the weight of which the flexible branches bend almost to the base of the bush. The Wangutta spirea sometimes has an equally lush and magnificent re-flowering, sometimes lasting from July to August.
This species grows rather quickly, is relatively shade-tolerant, unpretentious and frost-resistant, looks very impressive in single plantings, in low hedges, in small groups, as well as when decorating large flower beds. This spirea looks good against the background of firs, pines, firs, especially on the banks of a stream or other, including artificial, reservoir. This species has been cultivated since 1868.
Spirea multiflorous... A hybrid between crenate spirea and St. John's-beetle spirea. The plant is a shrub that reaches two meters in height, with thin, brown shoots and very graceful small leaves that well set off a carpet of white flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences. Spirea multiflorous is used to decorate parks, squares, small gardens and summer cottages. She has been in culture since 1884.
Spirea nippon... The species originates from warm Japan, is a shrub that rarely exceeds a meter in height, with a very dense and spherical crown, consisting of horizontally directed branches covered with rounded green leaves, reaching five centimeters in length and retaining color until late autumn.
This species blooms in early June, and this extravaganza lasts for 15-25 days. Interesting flowers - yellowish-green, they are enclosed in purple buds and collected in corymbose inflorescences, densely covering the shoots. Spiraea nipponskaya differs in a compact structure of the crown and is effective in single plantings, since it has increased requirements for light. She has been in culture since 1882.
Spirea is sharp-toothed. Hybrid between Thunberg spirea and multiflorous spirea. It is a shrub, reaching a height of two meters, with a wide spreading crown and narrow dark green leaves. Flowers densely cover the shoots and are distinguished by a pure white color. They are collected in numerous, multi-flowered umbellate inflorescences. Flowering occurs on last year's shoots, so after flowering they should be cut off. It must be remembered that plants of this species grow extremely slowly, the annual growth rarely exceeds ten centimeters.
Spirea sharp-toothed is considered one of the most spectacular spiraea of the spring flowering period. Thanks to the abundance of flowers, the grace of thin and arcuate curving branches, it makes a fascinating impression, both from close range and from afar. This species is often called "May foam", which is determined by the nature and abundance of its flowering. It grows rather quickly and is stable in urban conditions. In its refined grace, spirea is comparable to a fragile bride and occupies one of the first places among flowering shrubs. This species is good both in a single planting and in compositions with other shrubs. This spirea has been cultivated since 1884.
Spireas blooming in summer
Spireas blooming in summer are the second, no less extensive group. In plants of this group, the inflorescences are located at the ends of the shoots of the current year.
There are no inflorescences on biennial shoots, they reappear already on the lateral, but young growths, and the tops of the old ones dry out.
That is why, after the third year of life, old shoots must be rejuvenated by removing the upper part. If this is not done, the top of the old shoot will strongly lean to the ground and gradually dry out.
As for the shoot itself, it lives for 6-7 years, but since this plant gives abundant root suckers, there is no need to allow its natural "death". After 3-4 years, it is recommended to cut off the entire upper part of the bush in the spring at a height of 25-30 centimeters from the ground.
This group includes the following species: white spirea, white-flowered, birch-leaved, Billard, Bumalda, felt, dense-flowered, Douglas, willow, dwarf, low, lilac, broad-leaved and Japanese. Among this variety, the following are especially noteworthy: Billard's, Boomald's, Douglas's, Japanese spiraea, the descriptions of which are given below.
Spirea Billard. A hybrid between Douglas' spirea and willow spirea. The species is very winter-hardy, it feels great in culture from Arkhangelsk to the Caucasus and even in Central Asia. It grows in the form of a shrub with spreading branches, thanks to which it can reach a height of two meters. The leaves are broadly lanceolate, reaching a length of ten centimeters and have an interesting grayish-tomentose color on the underside.
The flowers are bright pink and clustered in narrow, dense pyramidal or paniculate inflorescences, often highly branched and reaching a length of twenty centimeters. Flowering begins in the second half of summer and lasts until frost. In addition to the long flowering period of Billard's spirea, it is shade-tolerant and can be used both in single and in group plantings or as a green hedge of various sizes. In the culture of Billard's spirea since 1854.
Spirey Bumald. This is a hybrid between Japanese spirea and white-flowered spirea, which is a short shrub, reaching a height of 75 centimeters and having a graceful spherical crown and erect branches. A distinctive feature of this type of spirea are naked and slightly ribbed shoots. The leaves are also decorative, long (up to 8 centimeters) ovate lanceolate, they very well harmonize with the pale pink color of flowers, which are in an open state almost all summer (within 50 days). She has been in culture since 1890.
Spirea Douglas. It is widespread in the west of North America and is a very picturesque upright shrub, reaching a height of one and a half meters and characterized by straight and reddish-brown pubescent shoots. As for the leaves, they are oblong-lanceolate in the Douglas spirea, grayish-tomentose below and reach a length of ten centimeters.
The flowers are very beautiful dark pink in color, collected in dense narrow-pyramidal apical inflorescences. The average duration of flowering is 45 days, it lasts from July to September. It should be noted that in severe winters, the upper parts of annual shoots sometimes freeze over. Spirea Douglas, being very beautiful, is of significant value for green construction, it looks especially impressive in groups on lawns, forest edges and along park roads. She has been in culture since 1827.
Japanese spirea. Under natural conditions, this beautiful shrub with young tomentose shoots can be found in Japan and China. Its green, oblong-ovoid leaves delight the eye when blooming with an intense reddish hue, and in the autumn period add mood to a dull landscape with a variety of colors.
As for flowering, the pink-red flowers, collected in complex corymbose inflorescences, can be seen throughout the summer. This species is widely used up to the Arctic and is used to create long-lasting flowering groups, low hedges and curbs... He has been in culture since 1870.
So, we examined the biology of this culture, its main and most decorative species, now it is necessary to give brief recommendations on its cultivation, reproduction and direct use.
Read the next part: Spirea in landscape design →
Nikolay Khromov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences,
Researcher, Department of Berry Crops, GNU VNIIS im. I.V. Michurin,
member of the R&D Academy
Japanese spirea "Macrophylla": description, planting and care
Spirea Japanese Macrophylla is considered the best variety among decorative leafy representatives. Translated from Greek, the name of the culture means "spiral", and it got it thanks to its spiral shoots. Belongs to the pink family, in which there are about 100 species of spirits. In nature, this shrub can be found on the banks of reservoirs, mountain slopes and sunny forest lawns. Despite the fact that the homeland of the plant is the territory of the Far East and Eastern Siberia, it can be found both in Europe and in the north of China. The area of distribution gave spirea the ability to withstand severe frosts. We will consider its detailed description in this article.
Features of the
Japanese spirea "Macrophylla" is a beautiful plant with bright foliage that changes color depending on the season. It has large, airy leaves that are 20 cm long and 10 cm wide. The bush can grow more than a meter in height and one and a half meters in width, adding up to 25 cm per year. Very unpretentious, belongs to the group of summer-flowering shrubs. Flowering begins in the third year of the plant's life from mid-summer and lasts until early autumn. The flowers are light pink in small panicles. Against the background of bright leaves, their delicate appearance is quickly lost. In June, the color of the leaves can be bright red or purple, in July - green, and closer to autumn they have the most interesting yellow-golden hue. As already mentioned, it grows quickly, is not afraid of frost.
The foliage of the plant contains a component from which aspirin is produced.
How to plant?
Planting spirea begins in the spring before the greenery blooms. In the summer, the plant will quickly take root and get stronger before the first winter.
Choose a sunny day, find a planting spot with good access to light in your garden. Around the future shrub should remain free at least a meter to other plantings, since the spirea grows strongly.
Dig a hole in the ground slightly larger than the root system of the bush. Shorten the root a little and remove the damaged parts. If the branches of the seedling are tall, then cut them off by one third.
Make a small drainage in the depression - pour some rubble or expanded clay on the bottom. Add a mixture of sand, peat and earth on top. Place the seedling in the center, and sprinkle with earth without compacting. Pour well and sprinkle with peat on top.
All types of soil are suitable for this shrub. The main thing is that there is no lime content in them. Plant it in leafy or turfy soil so it will grow much more efficiently.
How to take care of it properly?
Spirea "Macrophylla" is a very unpretentious plant, it can be grown even by those who have never been involved in floriculture. It is easy to care for such a culture, but you need to adhere to some rules of care.
The roots of the shrub grow mostly in width under the soil without deepening. Therefore, watering should be regular and abundant, 15-20 liters once a week with warm water.
It is advisable to fertilize the soil with nitrogenous components starting in March. And in June and August, feed with organic and mineral substances. Lightly loosen the soil after each watering for better air access and control of small weeds.
Pay special attention to pruning. The plant lives up to 15 years. To make it beautiful all this time, before the age of 4, cut off all the shoots up to 10 cm from the ground in the spring before the foliage blooms. After 4 years, carry out circumcision at the same time, but you can leave up to 30 cm of shoots. This procedure is carried out so that young shoots have a bright, beautiful color all summer. Do decorative pruning regularly. Remove shoots just below the root that interfere with the shape of the bush you have formed.
If winters in your area are windy and harsh, you can tilt the branches of the bush to the ground and fix them for the winter. Cover all this with a flooring of dry leaves or grass, sprinkle on top with a thin layer of earth. It is not necessary to cover shrubs for the winter if the climate in your winters is moderate.
Spirea "Macrophylla" can be propagated in several simple ways that any inexperienced gardener can do - spirea takes root very well.
This method is the longest and most painstaking one. With this method of propagation, the characteristics of the variety may not be preserved. In the spring, the seeds are planted in fertilized peat-earth soil. Cover with foil. Around June, seedlings will sprout, which can be transplanted into a stationary place where the bush grows. In order to accelerate the growth of the spirea, the root can be pinched before planting. After 3 years, the spirea will begin to bloom.
The fastest and most reliable way. To do this, in the spring, when the first leaves appeared, it is necessary to find several free branches from the side. Bend them to the ground, secure with pins, and sprinkle with a small layer of soil. At the same time, there should not be too much moisture in the soil for bent layering - they can rot from its excess, therefore it is important to control its level until autumn. When preparing for winter, the layers must be covered with foliage or hay. When they have roots, they can be planted in a designated place for self-growth.
Dividing the bush
For this breeding method, mature shrubs that are at least 4 years old are suitable. In the fall, after the leaves fall off, the shrub must be carefully dug up and the ground removed from the roots. Rinse the rhizome and divide so that 4 long shoots remain on each part. Each part can be planted already in winter, but the shoots must be cut to 10 cm from the ground. Thanks to this, they will root well and get stronger.
To do this, take the shoots of the current year from the upper or middle part of the bush. Cut a stalk 10-15 cm high, so that 4 leaves remain on it. For a day, you need to leave them in water or a special stimulating solution. Cuttings are planted under a film or jar so that there is a greenhouse effect. The soil should consist of wet sand and earth in a ratio of 1 to 1. It is better to do this in July, so that the root system is formed by autumn. Insulate the cuttings for the winter, sprinkle with a thick layer of leaves and earth, and in the spring, transplant to the designated stationary place.
Diseases and pests
The shrub is very resistant to diseases and pests. But if it's a hot summer or drought, a leafworm may start on it. She eats the leaves, they become weak, and the bush may die. To destroy the pest, use the drugs "Decis Profi" or "Fitoverm".
Aphids can attack spirea all summer long, especially if it's rainy. From aphids, the leaves will begin to curl up, as the pests suck the juice from the plant. Remove any damaged leaves and spray the bush with insecticide.
Dispose of fallen leaves from under the bush. There, female spider mites usually start up, which then climb onto healthy shrubs. They live under a leaf, and you can not immediately notice them. When the leaves begin to turn yellow and dry, only then can this pest be identified. In this case, remove the affected leaves and treat the foliage with the Acrex solution.
If you have a lot of humus in your soil, then most likely May beetles live there. The larva of this beetle is very dangerous; it kills the roots of the spirea.
Whitefly and blue meadow sawfly are considered the most dangerous pests for spirea. For the fight, copper sulfate and a solution of laundry soap are used. If these remedies do not help, it is better to get rid of the shrub so that the infection does not spread to healthy plantings. Treat the infected area with Bordeaux liquid, and refrain from planting any planting on this place for a couple of years.
Take regular preventive measures to keep pests out.
In April and September, spray the bush with any insecticide. Remove dry grass and kill weeds. Loosen the soil as often as possible.
Use in landscape design
Since the spirea "Macrophylla" has a pronounced foliage, both an individual planting and a group planting are suitable for it. With excellent honey plant quality, it will be a bee lure in your garden. You can decorate borders with it.
If you have a fountain, plant it next to it. This will create a wonderful humid climate spirea and at the same time decorate the area near the water cascade.
This colorful shrub looks interesting among the conifers: pyramidal thuja and juniper bushes. Its bright color will dilute the greenery of conifers. Create a hedge around your home.
Possessing a delicate aroma, spirea will always remind of itself. You can decorate city parks and kindergartens with it. Spirea bushes planted near city benches will create a kind of shadow with their volume.
Spirea is ideally combined with huge boulder stones. Decorating country cafes and hotels with spirea would be appropriate. The classic look of spirea will complement and emphasize the beauty of other herbaceous plantings.
Using "Macrophylla" as a companion among tall deciduous trees will add a special charm to the plantings. After all, the shrub lends itself well to cutting, it can be given any shape in the form of a ball, a triangle.
Choosing a Japanese spirea to decorate your garden, you will always experience a sense of pleasure and celebration when this perennial, bright decoration appears before your eyes.
Trimming the spirea in the video below.
2. Forsythia, or forsythia
Solar forsythia can be found in many cities; this bright shrub adorns city parks and areas near residential buildings. Yellow flowers, similar to bells, appear in April, even before the leaves bloom. And if you cut the forsythia twigs in February and put them in water at home, then after 2 weeks you will get a miniature golden beauty in a vase.
List, planting and care in the open field
To create a unique interior for a garden or a summer cottage, an evergreen type of coniferous shrubs is used. They are also indispensable in the landscape design of parks and alleys. In addition to their neat appearance, coniferous shrubs perform several other functions: they purify oxygen, provide natural soil fertilizers and therapeutic and prophylactic properties, and green cities.
How to use for the garden
For garden and summer cottages, coniferous shrubs can become a real panacea. People who are accustomed to planting fruit and berry and vegetable crops in the garden, with the help of such shrubs, will be able to get rid of most of the pests and plant diseases. The needles contain many useful substances and minerals; as a fertilizer, it can be used both fresh and as a decoction and infusion.
Composition of coniferous shrubs on a personal plot
Use in landscape design
Dwarf conifers and shrubs play an important role in the design of a summer cottage. Correctly planted, they can not only add chic and elegance to the appearance, but also delimit the garden into zones. If the site is not planned to be used for growing vegetables and fruits, then with the help of coniferous shrubs, you can give the cottage an unusually aesthetic look, and the child can calmly enjoy a walk in the home forest.
Note! Ideal coniferous shrubs look when decorating a play area and a barbecue area. Framing paths or a decorative pond also fits perfectly into the design of the summer cottage. A gazebo surrounded by coniferous bushes will give the feeling of a picnic in the forest.
General rules of planting and care
Coniferous dwarf trees and shrubs are quite unpretentious, they easily take root in any regions of Russia: in the south, the Urals, in the Perm Territory. But in order for even winter to be painted with bright green colors, it is necessary to observe the basic conditions and rules for planting coniferous shrubs, as well as to properly care for them.
A bush and tree with chic needles can be planted at any time of the year. However, seedlings with open roots are added dropwise in the fall or early spring. The planting site is selected in accordance with the plant variety. Most types of coniferous shrubs are unpretentious, but some types are sensitive to sunlight and can get burned when growing in an unshaded area.
Note! When planting, it is necessary to preserve the integrity of the land in which the roots of the plant are located. After covering with soil, the earthen lump must be soaked for better adaptation of the shrub.
If the soil in which it is planned to plant a coniferous plant is swampy, then a drainage layer must be poured into the hole. Also, when planting, you need to correctly size the pit. The main thing is to make sure that the roots are located freely in it. In the previously prepared hole, top dressing is introduced in advance (better than the mineral composition).
When planting coniferous shrubs in the autumn, you need to make sure that the seedlings can withstand the winter frosts. For this, the plants are wrapped with covering material and, if the area is open, supplied with supports.
Planting scheme for conifers and shrubs
In the first year after planting, conifers do not need pruning and adjusting branches. From the second year, conifers need to remove old branches and shape. When pruning, you need to remember the basic rules:
- the instrument must be sharp and clean
- cut should be straight, without burrs
- cuts are treated with garden varnish or manganese solution to avoid infection.
Note! In addition, you need to remember that conifers and shrubs acidify the soil. Therefore, you need to be careful when planting plants next to vegetables or fruit and berry crops.
Types of coniferous shrubs
The type of coniferous shrubs can be subdivided according to the family and group. Some shrubs will be able to delight the eye with greenery all year round, others, for example, larch, fall off when cold weather sets in. An ornamental coniferous shrub, even in a single version, will decorate the garden. But, in order to find out the features of planting and care, it is necessary to determine which species the plant belongs to. In relation to genera, coniferous shrubs are:
Below is a list of common conifers planted in garden and summer cottages.
Mountain pine Golden Glow
This is an unpretentious coniferous shrub used to create landscape design in garden and backyard plots. The Golden Glow pine reaches a height of 130 cm, branches grow up to 180 cm wide. Without pruning, the shrub has an asymmetric shape. It grows slowly, undemanding to the type of soil.
Classic coniferous specimen for summer cottages and park areas. It reaches 150 cm in height, 200 cm in width. The shape is conical, the needles are light, green. The variety is frost-resistant and unpretentious for growing on all types of soils. The growth rate is slow and needs pruning to achieve a symmetrical shape.
Juniper Blue Chip
The undersized perennial belongs to the genus cypress. This is a coniferous plant that creeps along the ground. The height does not exceed 30 cm, the diameter of the crown is up to 1.5 m. The plant is unpretentious and frost-resistant. There are no particular preferences for soil. The crown does not need to be shaped by pruning, however, to make it more lush, it is necessary to pinch young branches.
It is a type of perennial coniferous shrub. The growth rate is slow. It reaches a height of one and a half meters. The shoots are twisted in a fan, the shape is asymmetric. Prefers sunny sides, resistant to winds. The color of the crown is golden.
Jacobsen cross-pair microbiota
An unpretentious dwarf coniferous shrub, but prefers shady places, reliably protected from the wind. The needles are bright green, but with a decrease in constant temperature, they acquire a brown tint. It can reach a height of 60 cm, the width of the crown is up to 1.5 m. The arcuate branches are bent upwards. It tolerates shape adjustments well. Fruits in small cones.
Mountain Pine Dwarf
Frost-resistant, moisture-loving mountain pine reaches a height of 200 cm at maturity. In width, branches are also capable of reaching 2 m in diameter. Sharp, dense needles have a deep green color. It grows very slowly, the annual growth in any direction does not exceed 5 cm. It has a regular cone shape.
Spruce Glauka Globoza
This spruce is drought-resistant and frost-resistant. A tree can live up to 500 years. The first years after planting it has an asymmetric shape with a slightly pronounced trunk. The color of the needles is gray-blue. Cones up to 3 cm, the first time after planting fall off, without waiting for ripening.
This is one of the most popular varieties in the design of the alleys. A dacha with such fir trees will look elegant.
Juniper Chinese Mint Julep
The coniferous shrub Mint Julep is an unpretentious plant. It reaches 300 cm in width. It has a pleasant pine-mint scent. The branches grow at a 45 ° angle from the ground. Prefers sunlight, when available, the growth and development of the shrub is accelerated. The crown is wavy, the needles are soft, bright green.
Dull cypress Rashahiba
The coniferous shrub has an average growth rate and reaches 1 m already upon reaching the age of 5. The shape is regular pyramidal. The needles are soft wavy. Young shoots and shoots are bright yellow, but darken with age and acquire a green tint. The plant loves sunlight and can withstand cold temperatures down to -30 ° C.
A perennial shrub grows up to 3 m wide, reaches a height of 150 cm. It responds well to a haircut, loves shaded places. Unpretentious and suitable for any type of soil.In landscape design, it is used to create hedges and decorative ponds. Does not bear fruit in cones, but forms bright red pericarp.
The unique design of a garden or a summer cottage will help create perennial coniferous shrubs, the names of which are diverse. With proper planting and minimal maintenance, your home garden will look stylish and elegant for years to come.
Horticultural shrubs are extremely diverse. Most often they are classified as follows:
- decorative deciduous
- conifers and evergreens
Video: overview of ornamental shrubs for the garden
Ornamental deciduous shrubs
Among the plants with the original shape of the leaves or their unusual color, one can distinguish:
- Doren. A plant from the Cornel family up to 3 m high with shiny flexible red branches. The color of the leaves can be different: green with white spots, greenish-reddish with pink edging, yellow, pinkish-brownish, etc. The inflorescences are white; in the fall, whitish-bluish berries form in their place.
Photo gallery: shrubs with beautiful leaves
Video: what kind of dog is
Of the flowering garden shrubs, the following can be distinguished:
- Weigela. A spectacular flowering plant belonging to the Honeysuckle family, from 0.6-0.7 m to 3 m high with smooth bluish or green, sometimes red-brown leaves. The flowers are large (up to 5 cm), tubular-bell-shaped, reddish-pinkish, brick and creamy yellow shades.
- Hydrangea. Shrub from 1 to 3 m tall from the family Hortensiae with large (10–12 cm) pointed oval leaves. It blooms luxuriously and profusely from mid-summer to autumn with spherical inflorescences up to 30 cm in diameter, painted in all shades of blue, deep purple, red, lilac, pink and white.
- Jasmine. The garden shrub, commonly called the chubushnik, belongs to the Hortensia family, reaches a height of 2–2.5 m. The leaves are light green, simple, wide ovate or lanceolate, 2–7 cm long. Flowers with white or creamy petals are collected in loose inflorescences have a delicate delicate aroma.
Photo gallery: shrubs with beautiful flowers
Video: beautiful shrubs that bloom all summer
Coniferous and evergreen shrubs
Among evergreen and coniferous garden crops that do not lose their decorativeness throughout the year, the most popular are:
- Juniper. Coniferous shrub from 1 to 3 m in height from the Cypress family. The leaves are rigid, needle-shaped, short and prickly, grayish-green in color. The plant is dioecious, the fruits (cone-berries) of a bluish-bluish hue up to 7-9 mm in diameter ripen in the second or third year.
- Boxwood. Very slowly (no more than 5 cm per year) growing evergreen shrub of the Boxwood family with small leathery bright green leaves. The flowers are small and inconspicuous, the fruits are in the form of a box.
- Heather. Evergreen low densely branched bush (30–80 cm) of the Heather family with small trihedral petiolate leaves of various colors (green, bluish-white, orange-golden, etc.). Small white or pink flowers are collected in a one-sided inflorescence.
Most of the evergreen coniferous crops grow extremely slowly.
Video: conifers for the garden
Most often, the following berry bushes are used in gardens:
- Snowberry. A short shrub (no more than 1.5 m) with thin yellowish-gray twigs, belongs to the Honeysuckle family. Gray-green oval leaves reach 5–6 cm in length. Flowers are regular in shape, pale green, pinkish, less often red, collected in clusters of 6–10 pieces. Fruits of a white or pinkish hue do not ripen at the same time, they remain on bare branches until spring.
- Barberry. A prickly plant 2–2.5 m high from the Barberry family. The leaves are green, bright red, orange and yellow; in the fall, the color intensity becomes stronger. The flowers are small, yellowish, oblong berries ripening in their place have a red or purple hue.
- Rosehip. Smooth long stems of this plant from the Pink family, reaching 2–2.5 m in height, are covered with hard thorns and green oblong-elliptical long-petiolate leaves. Five-petalled flowers of various colors (white, yellow, crimson, pink, etc.) and the degree of doubleness. Fleshy orange-red berries with a diameter of 10-15 mm ripen in August.
Not always beautiful bright fruits are edible, very often they are poisonous.
On our site there are several bushes of garden rose hips. In spring, the shrub looks very decorative, as it is densely covered with flowers. The lifespan of each shoot is about 4–5 years, then they die. Cutting dry branches is extremely problematic, since the thorns of this culture are very sharp. You have to wear thick-soled shoes and protective canvas gloves. If dead wood is not cut out in time, then the shrub looks very ugly.
What other trees and shrubs can be planted in the garden to decorate the site?
Maple pseudosibold (Acer pseudosieboldianum). A very rare plant in our country, despite the fact that this species is a native of our Far East. It is because of this that it is very winter-hardy and perfectly tolerates the conditions of the gardens of the middle lane. Why is he needed, this maple? It is a medium sized tree with incomparable branch graphics and leaf shapes. It looks like Japanese maples, which are not hardy here. In summer, this is an openwork tree, capable of reaching a maximum of 5-7 meters in height. And in the fall, this deciduous garden tree is the king of falling leaves, dressed in glowing shades of reds and purples. No tree can match it for its autumn color. Suitable for small gardens, tolerates shade and spring moisture, propagates by seeds. When deciding which trees to plant in the garden, keep in mind that in the first 5-7 years of life, maple grows very slowly.
Magnolia (Magnolia kobus, Magnolia stellata). Yes, magnolia. It's not a mistake. It is these two species (and their varieties) that grow well in the middle lane and bloom regularly. Magnolia cobus can grow a tree of 4-5 meters, stellate, star-shaped, will be 1.5-2 meters high. When these plants bloom, the whole neighborhood is delighted.
There is nothing difficult in growing these shrubs in a summer cottage: the soil is needed lighter, so that it is not too damp.
Bubble-leaf Vine-leaved "Diabolo" and "Luteus" (Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diabolo', 'Luteus'). Of course, there are many more varieties of bladderworms, but these two are enduring hits. Stable, simple, cuttings, give a bright spot of the desired color in the garden. Diabolo's coloration is gloomy like any purple variety, but Luteus can be used with fewer restrictions.
We reveal the secrets of formative pruning of coniferous and decorative deciduous trees and shrubs.
These beautiful "sissies" will perfectly take root in your garden if you plant them in containers.
Here and there, bright balls of petunias draw attention to themselves. Do you want this too? Let's try to help you.
Detailed instructions on how to combine clematis cuttings with spring pruning.
Step-by-step instructions with a photo of lavender propagation. It's much easier than you think!
Not sure which plants to make a prominent accent in your flower garden? We will give you a hint and show!
With the right garden setting, even minimal maintenance will be enough to keep its attractiveness for a long time!
In winter, spring and summer - it is always a different color! Here's how to properly care for forsythia.
Masters of their craft and simply enthusiastic people share their personal experience in growing a decorative perennial, beloved by many.
Pyracanta is a rare shrub in our area that adorns the site from April to October.
These annuals and perennials tolerate drought well and will not wilt even in the hottest summer.
Is it worth planting a birch on the site? We will name just a few reasons to prove the benefits of birch for humans.
Do you want to make your garden stylish and trendy? Play with gravel. Designer Yulia Leonova will share life hacks on its application.
What kind of bright miracle balls have grown in a neighbor's flowerbed? We want these too!
Do not know how to get a spectacular vine at no special cost? This article is for you!
Several tricks to visually expand the space at the summer cottage
Choosing the best neighbors for your favorite roses.
Do you want something big and effective? Plant several perennials in your garden that are not much different from trees in height.
We answer the questions of where to place the flower garden and what plants to plant in order to admire the lush flowering from spring to autumn.
Do you want to plant a hedge of coniferous crops on the site? Save on planting material by rooting cuttings in winter.