That night when the blood of Christ was shed
(There is a legend about this among the people) -
It bloomed for the first time in the shadow of the cross
And therefore it is called passionflower.
Flowers passionflower (Latin Passiflora), or passionflower, or "Cavalier star" belong to the genus of the Passionaceae family, which includes from four hundred to five hundred species, growing mostly in the tropics of America (Brazil and Peru), Asia, Australia and the Mediterranean. One type of passionflower grows in Madagascar. The name "passionflower" is derived from two Latin words: "passio" - suffering and "flos" - a flower, and the first missionaries who came to South America gave it to the plant, to whom the flower seemed to be a symbol of Christ's suffering. And the name "passion flower" says the same:
Planting and caring for passionflower
- Bloom: from July to October.
- Lighting: bright sunlight (southern windowsill).
- Temperature: during the growing season - no higher than 30 ˚C, during the dormant period - 12-14 ˚C.
- Watering: regular, without waiting for the soil to dry.
- Air humidity: increased. In the hot season, nightly sprays and weekly showers are recommended.
- Top dressing: from February to September, once every two weeks, alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers. From April to September foliar feeding gives a good effect. During the dormant period, the plant does not need fertilizers.
- Rest period: from October to the end of January.
- Cropping: after the plant reaches three years of age, the secondary last year's shoots are shortened by a third in the spring, in the summer the formed root shoots are cut out, and after flowering, the bald, too long and weak shoots are removed, and the normal ones are shortened by three quarters.
- Garter: the plant needs a reliable support to which the shoots are tied up until they begin to grow stiff.
- Transfer: in early spring after pruning: young plants are transplanted annually, adults - once every 2-3 years.
- Reproduction: green cuttings and seeds.
- Pests: aphids, spider mites, thrips, whiteflies and mealybugs.
- Diseases: root rot, late blight, fusarium, scab, bacterial, brown and ring spots, yellow mosaic virus.
- Properties: is a non-addictive and non-side-effect medicinal plant with sedative, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, analgesic and anticonvulsant effects.
Read more about growing passionflower below.
The passionflower plant in nature is an evergreen climbing shrub or herbaceous plants, annuals and perennials, with woody stems. Passionflower leaves are simple, dark green, lobed or whole. Large, axillary, star-shaped, brightly colored outlandish flowers up to 10 cm in diameter grow on long pedicels. They have five petals - according to the number of Christ's wounds, five sepals, large bracts, in the center of the flower - an ovary with three stigmas, and around them - five stamens with large anthers. Many species of flowers emit a pleasant aroma, but unfortunately they are short-lived. Passionflower usually blooms from July to October. Large, up to 6 cm long, fragrant fruits of passionflower are edible in many species.
Fast-growing and non-capricious homemade passionflower is grown as an ampelous plant.
Passiflora care at home
Passionflower at home requires good lighting, so the best place for it is the sill of a south-facing window. If you have the opportunity to arrange a plant in the summer in nature, do not miss it, since the passionflower flower does not tolerate stagnant stuffy air. But this does not mean that drafts are useful to her or she does not suffer from temperature changes. In addition, the plant does not tolerate extreme heat: in summer, the temperature in the room where the passionflower is located should not rise above 30 ºC, and in winter the plant can fully rest at a temperature no higher than 10-14 ºC. Watering passionflower should be done regularly, without waiting for the soil to dry out, but the excess water from the pan must be drained.
Air humidity should be increased by nightly spraying and weekly showers in hot weather, which must be carried out with caution, taking care not to damage the fragile stems of the plant.
Caring for passionflower involves annual pruning to stimulate branching and vigorous plant growth. Since flowers form only on young shoots, last year's secondary shoots are cut by a third in the spring, while in the summer you need to cut out the shoots that form at the base of the passionflower. After flowering, incongruously long, bald secondary shoots are removed, the rest are cut to three-quarters of the length. The first pruning is done for plants that have reached the age of three.
Top dressing with mineral and organic fertilizers is carried out alternately on pre-moistened soil from February to September every two weeks. The approximate ratio of elements looks like this: N-P-K = 10-5-20. It is advisable every six weeks from April to September to make foliar feeding of passionflower. Do not fertilize when the plant is sick, resting, or temporarily kept in unfamiliar conditions.
In order for passionflower to have enough strength for flowering, it needs full-fledged rest in a bright, cool room - on a veranda or in a warmed loggia, during which passionflower is not sprayed, not supplemented or fed, and the intensity and frequency of watering is reduced to a minimum. Don't worry if the plant loses some of its leaves - this is quite common. If you do not have the opportunity to arrange a cool winter for passionflower, leave it in its usual place and continue to care for it as usual, but be prepared for the leaves of the plant to begin to turn yellow and fall off.
Make sure that the stems of passionflower have a strong support, and promptly direct the shoots in the direction you need - the stems grow quickly and stiffen, and a large number of leaves, buds and flowers make them heavy and clumsy.
A young passionflower is transplanted annually, and an adult is transplanted every 2-3 years in early spring, after having previously pruned last year's shoots. You need to take a small pot so that the plant does not get carried away with growing greenery, but blooms faster and more abundantly. Soil for passionflower is preferable with approximately the following composition: sand, turf, leaf and peat soil in equal parts. Passiflora is planted without disturbing the earthen coma, that is, by transshipment.
Pests and diseases
Passionflower sometimes suffers from spider mites, aphids, thrips, mealybugs and whiteflies. Almost all these insects are destroyed by actellik, phytoverm or actara, only mealybugs require a special approach: to combat them, drugs with cypermethrin are needed, for example, "Arrivo", "Emperor" or "Inta-vir".
As for infectious diseases, there are cases of defeat of passionflower with bacterial, ring and brown spots, root rot, late blight, fusarium, scab, and yellow mosaic virus. Unfortunately, in such cases, it is often not possible to cure passionflower in such cases, so both the flower and the pot in which it grows will have to be destroyed in order to eliminate the risk of infection of other indoor plants.
Passion flower properties
Mankind has known about the healing properties of the plant since time immemorial - the Incas drank tea from passionflower, since the main property of the plant is its calming (sedative) effect. Passion flower preparations improve the quality and duration of sleep without leaving any unpleasant sensations upon awakening. But besides the sedative effect, passionflower has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant and analgesic properties, increases efficiency and potency, improves memory, relieves irritability and nervousness.
Since passionflower compensates for the effects of amphetamine, it is successfully used in the treatment of drug addiction and alcoholism. And most importantly, with all these wonderful qualities, passionflower preparations do not have side effects and do not cause addiction, therefore they are used to treat not only adults, but also children.
Reproduction of passionflower
Growing from seeds
If you have collected seeds from your own passion flower, keep in mind that freshly harvested seeds have about 30% germination, while last year's only 1-2%, so it is better to buy seeds from a reliable supplier and sow them in late winter or early spring. Before sowing passionflower seeds, they are scarified - they damage the hard shell with a fine skin. After that, the seeds should be soaked in warm water (25 ºC) for two days, and after this period, the seeds that remain floating on the surface should be discarded - they are not viable. Swollen seeds are spread over the surface of the soil and slightly pressed into it.
To create one hundred percent moisture required for germination of seeds, the container with the inoculation is covered with glass or transparent airtight film, placed under bright diffused light and kept at a temperature of 20-25 ºC. When the sprouts appear, remove the glass or film and provide the sprouts with twelve hours of daylight with the help of additional lighting. When the seedlings have the first pair of true leaves, they are carefully dived, trying to keep an earthen lump on the roots and not burying the seedlings too much in the ground.
Cultivation of passionflower is a long process: you will have to wait for seedlings from a month to a year, and passionflower from seeds will bloom only after eight years.
Passionflower propagates by cuttings, which are cut from new spring shoots. Passion flower cuttings must have at least two pairs of leaves and a growing point. The lower pair of leaves is removed during grafting, the lower cut is processed with a root former.
In a pot with a drainage layer, soil is placed from the sod land in half with chernozem, deep holes are made in the soil with a pencil to the very bottom, cuttings are inserted into these holes so that the pair of leaves remaining on the cutting is flush with the surface, then the soil is moistened, and above the cuttings building a greenhouse using an arched structure and a transparent plastic bag. The package must be removed for five minutes daily to ventilate the cuttings, the soil must not dry out, the temperature for successful rooting of cuttings is maintained within 21 ºC.
After three weeks, the cover from the cuttings can be removed, and when they get stronger and grow up, they are transplanted into the soil for passionflower. You can also root cuttings in water: a cutting is placed in a jar with water and a piece of charcoal and, without changing the water, they wait for the roots to grow back - it takes one and a half to two months.
Passionflower edible (Passiflora edulis)
Most often cultivated passionflower edible, or granadilla, as it is called in natural habitats - in Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina. She has creamy white flowers and ovoid or round fragrant fruits up to 6 cm long, from which sweets and drinks are prepared. We know this species under the name of passion fruit.
In the photo: Edible Passiflora (Passiflora edulis)
Passionflower blue (Passiflora caerulea)
Passionflower blue is also often found in culture - an evergreen liana with woody stems and single, fragrant, light purple or greenish-blue flowers, the diameter of which reaches ten centimeters. There are varieties with pink and red flowers. The fruit of passionflower blue is an orange berry up to seven centimeters long. The homeland of this species is the Andes in the south of Argentina, as well as Brazil, Paraguay and Peru. This species has been cultivated since the sixteenth century.
In the photo: Passiflora blue (Passiflora caerulea)
Passionflower tender (Passiflora mollissima)
Or banana passionflower, growing naturally in Bolivia, Colombia and Venezuela, it has pinkish flowers up to 12 cm in diameter and fragrant fleshy fruits containing organic acids in high concentration. This species is distinguished by abundant fruiting already in the first year of life. Passionflower banana is cold-resistant and can withstand temperatures up to -2 ºC.
In the photo: Passiflora mollissima
Passionflower laurel (Passiflora laurifolia)
Native to Brazil, its leaves are similar to laurel, but much larger in size.
In the photo: Passiflora laurifolia
Or meat-red passionflower, or apricot vine, reaching a length of 6 to 10 meters. The flowers are of various colors, but most often the petals have a purple hue, the lemon-yellow fruits have a pleasant taste with a slight acidity. This species is the most valuable from a medical point of view - from dried stems and leaves, incarnata make tea, which helps in the treatment of neuroses, insomnia, epilepsy and other diseases.
In the photo: Passiflora incarnata
Passion flower (Passiflora gracilis)
From Brazil - an annual with cylindrical stems, wide-triangular-ovate smooth leaves shallowly dissected into three lobes and single white flowers with greenish green. The fruit is a red, coral-tinged, multi-seeded berry.
In the photo: Passiflora three-lane (Passiflora trifasciata)
Passiflora three-lane (Passiflora trifasciata)
From Peru, so named because of the three purple stripes on the upper side of the three-lobed leaves, the underside of which is purple-red. The stems of this species are ribbed, the flowers are greenish or yellowish-white up to 4-5 cm in diameter. The fruit is a rounded gray berry up to two and a half centimeters in length. Another distinctive feature of this species is the scent that resembles the smell of lilac.
In the photo: Passiflora tetrahedral (Passiflora quadrangularis)
Passiflora tetrahedral (Passiflora quadrangularis)
It is the largest of the passionflower with powerful shoots up to 15 meters in length. It has bright green oval leaves, huge flowers up to 15 cm in diameter and very large oval fruits up to 30 cm in length with a thick skin and juicy sweet pulp. But in an apartment, fruits are rarely tied. The best place to grow tetrahedral passionflower in our climate is a greenhouse.
In addition to the species already mentioned, passion flowers are sometimes grown in culture: winged, scarlet, variable, racemose and a hybrid Imperatrice Eugenic with large pinkish-blue flowers.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Passionaceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
- Information about Vines
Sections: Indoor plants Beautiful flowering Indoor lianas Passionate plants on P
Passion flower. Description, features, types and care of passionflower
And the color on the window, and the food on the table. Passionflower produces edible fruits. The people know them as passion fruit. But, few people know what the delicacy is growing on. We will answer. On a tropical liana.
In addition to Passionflower, it is called Passionflower edible. It is no coincidence that the title contains a hint of passion. It is believed that passion fruit is able to kindle it in hearts.
In the domestic expanses, the tropical fruit of the roads, since it is difficult to survive transportation. What about cultivation of Passionflower? Green the house and diversify the menu. Personal life, as you know, will also sparkle with new colors.
Description and features of Passiflora
Passionflower - plant many-sided. The name of the vine unites a whole genus, consisting of almost half a thousand species. All of them are inhabitants of the tropics. So, in the photo Passiflora appears next to the inhabitants of Madagascar, Peru, Brazil, South Asia, Australia.
Part of the Passiflor genus belongs to climbing shrubs. The remaining plants are herbs. There are both perennials and annuals. They all have large buds. 10 centimeters in diameter are completely open petals. They lie horizontally, elongated and pointed towards the ends. The composition is like a star.
Most Passiflora have 5-leaf buds, based on elongated pedicels and have a strong smell. The aroma is pleasant, sweetish. Passionflower extract even added to perfume.
If you add 5 more sepals to the main petals of Passiflora buds, you get 10 petals. At least, this is how people who are far from botany perceive flowers. Few understand that there are sepals.
In most flowers, they are green and much smaller than the main petals, as if supporting them. Passionflower same - flower with large sepals, often colored to match the bud and protruding beyond it.
Between the corolla of the Passionflower flower and its stamens, there is a row of filamentous outgrowths. There are several circular rows of them. The outgrowths are colored as brightly as the flower itself, and, often, in contrast to its tone. A kind of crown is created. When dewdrops sparkle on its tops, beauty.
Homemade passionflower, like the wild one, bears fruit. Passion fruit, for reference, a berry. It is delicious and the aroma of the vine is delicious. All this sweetness attracts pests. Do not run straight to the store to get your injuries.
Passion flower properties allow her to protect herself from adversity. The leaves of the plant secrete a special sap. It attracts ants, but they are ready to repel the attacks of most pests.
Plus, Passionflower edible learned to change the shape of the leaves, to fold them in a certain way. This serves as a camouflage from many parasites, prevents them from climbing onto the green plates.
Now let's figure out why it is difficult to transport the marakuya. Most tropical fruits are brought to Russia while still green. The fruits ripen on the way, on store shelves. Unripe passion fruit contains cyanides.
In the photo, winged edible passionflower
These are potent poisons. Selling green berries is a crime. Carrying already 100% ripe fruits means bringing rot to the counters. Therefore, passionfruit is transported to Russia from the points of least distance only by air and extremely carefully.
The healing properties of Passionflower
Although there is poison in the green fruits of Passionflower, the plant itself is capable of healing. The Indians of America were the first to find out about this. In the 16th century, they began using Passionflower to treat liver ailments.
Later, already the colonialists of America propagandized application of Passiflora from eye diseases. Even modern medicine uses extracts of the heroine of the article.
Moreover, its juices are used in official pharmaceuticals, for example, in the medicines Novo-Passit and Central-B. They contain an extract of Passiflora "Meat-Red".
In the photo, passionflower scarlet
Remember that the heroine of the article has hundreds of species? So, the medicinal effect of many of them is different. It is important to know which Passionflower to take from one or another ailment.
So, Passionflower "Blue" serves as a natural tranquilizer. So I call psychotropic formulations that relieve panic, depressive conditions. Passionflower "Sexokellata" improves vision, prevents the formation of cataracts.
The general actions of Passionflower include: normalization of the hormonal balance of the body and sleep, analgesic effect, lowering blood pressure. In addition, the extract Passiflora from seeds relieves cramps, relaxes muscles. Therefore, the heroine of the article is used for asthma attacks.
There are plants that enhance the effect Passiflora. Reviews about her duets with St. John's wort, Valerian and Khmel are mostly positive. True, the fees are praised only by those who have been prescribed a recipe by experienced herbalists, alternative medicine doctors.
Self-medication is fraught with consequences. In addition, there are contraindications to taking Passiflora decoctions. The remedy aggravates gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, increases the load on the diseased heart.
In the photo, blue passionflower
The rest of the contraindications follow from the indications. So, if the extract of the heroine of the article saves from hypertension, it means that people with low blood pressure cannot take medicine.
Planting and caring for Passiflora
In nature, the heroine of the article grows up to 10 meters. It's not scary for the creeper, because Passionflower at home can wrap around a metal base, taking the form of a ball, a hoop, or even a bow.
In addition, liana looks spectacular on walls made of decorative stone, interior partitions. It is important that they are well lit. In case of shading, installation under the ceiling of lamps helps out. They will have to burn at least 10 hours a day.
The difficulty of caring for Passiflora also lies in the simultaneous love of fresh air and fear of drafts. Accordingly, you cannot keep a vine in a stale atmosphere, and when ventilating the room you need to take it away from the windows.
This is especially important in winter. By the way, if the temperature in the room drops sharply in autumn, Passionflower may die. Temperature fluctuations are also not about a visitor from the tropics.
Passionflower equally dislikes cold and intense heat. The ideal temperature in a room with a vine is 25 degrees. If the mark is 30 Celsius or higher, the plant will start to hurt.
In the photo, red passionflower
The ailments of Passionflower can be expected even when it is cool from 14 degrees and below. But, do not worry about watering the vines. She loves moisture, does not rot from its excess. We just water the flower as we pass by. There is no need to wait until the soil is completely dry. Is there excess water in the pot? We merge.
Passionflower needs moisture in the air as well. It is recommended to spray water in the room 2-3 times a day. It is impossible to wash the vine under the shower and even more so with a stream of water. Passionflower has brittle stems.
You risk breaking off a good half from the plant. You can, of course, count what happened as an annual pruning. It allows the vine to branch, accelerates growth. Cut sparingly. Passionflower buds are formed exclusively on young shoots. Last year's branches won't bloom.
In the photo, giant passionflower
The first pruning of Passiflora is done at the age of 3. Top dressing starts from the 2nd year. The first portion of fertilizer is applied at the end of February. The next dressing is given to the vines every 2 weeks until September.
You will also have to worry about the transfer. Until the age of 5, the vine is moved to a new pot annually. After the 1st anniversary, Passiflora is transplanted every 2 years. Ready for something like this? Then let's start planting Passion Flower.
In the photo, the fruits of passionflower
It is customary to grow passionflower from cuttings. These are young shoots cut in the spring. A pair of leaves and 1 node of growth are enough for one cutting. The cut goes 1.5 centimeters below it and is treated with a growth stimulant.
The cutting is planted in a pot with drainage at the bottom and soil 50% sod and 50% black soil. The hole for the handle reaches almost to the bottom of the flowerpot. In order to lower the branch, you need to remove the lower leaves from it.
The upper ones will literally lie on the ground. It remains to water the cutting and cover with a plastic bag. The greenhouse is removed for 20-30 minutes a day. The plant needs fresh air. The complete package is removed from the pot on the 21st day after planting. In another week, the greens should break through. This means that the vine has taken root.
Growing Passionflower from seeds is more difficult. Even fresh grains have a germination rate of 30%. Stores do not risk buying planting material, because it is not a fact that they will buy it in the first year.
In the photo passionflower white
In the second year, the germination rate of Passiflora drops to 1%. Therefore, it is more difficult to get the seeds of a vine than its cutting. The latter is simply cut off from the flower. Seeds, however, need to be extracted from fruits that are rarely formed and ripen at home.
Only a third of Passiflor is self-pollinated. The liana itself "ripens" perfectly. Over the course of a year, it lengthens by 1-1.5, stopping only after reaching its maximum.
Under indoor conditions, about 10 species of Passiflora are grown. "Blue" was brought from the South of America. The varieties of the species bloom for a long time. The first buds bloom in the spring, and the last ones in the fall. "Blue" liana is named for the flowers of the tones of the sky, sea. The diameter of the bud stars reaches 10 centimeters.
They also buy Passionflower "Changeable". Its flowers open only 6 centimeters, but they differ in a variety of colors. The fruits of the plant are also multi-colored, they are orange, burgundy, red, brown.
In the photo incarnate passionflower
The third type of indoor Passiflora is “Red and White”. The varieties of the group have yellow fruits, medium-sized buds and maximum shoot length. Additionally, "Red-White" Passionflower is frost-resistant.
Passionflower is rarely taken into homes due to its ability to shed leaves. By the way, they are of emerald color, divided into plates. It's a pity to lose such beauty.
Passionflower "Winged" is acquired because of the buds, reaching a diameter of 12 centimeters and a pronounced aroma. If you take the "Delicate" look, the smell of flowers will be faint. On the other hand, the yellow fruits are especially soft and tasty, reaching 14 centimeters in length.
This cannot be said about the 7th decorative species named "Edible". Vine fruits grow only 7 centimeters. The flowers of the varieties of the species are also medium and exclusively white in color.
In the photo banana passionflower
8th decorative type of Passiflora - "Three-bladed". Differs in decorative leaves. They, as is clear from the name of the species, are three-lobed. The central veins of the greenery are golden. Flowers pumped up - small, nondescript. The fruits of the "Three-lobed" Passiflora are black.
It remains to mention "Sharlakhotsvetnaya" Passiflora. Its foliage is like malachite, and its buds are scarlet like blood. Yellow fruits become an addition to the contrasting ensemble. The taste of the latter is praiseworthy.
Buy Passionflower in seeds you can for 30-100 rubles. But, remember the trick with germination. It's easier to buy a rooted stalk for the same 100 rubles. If you buy a grown plant in a pot, you will have to pay about 1,000. If the liana is more than 3 meters in length, they sell it for at least 2,500 rubles.
Features of the catharanthus
The flowering plant Catharanthus is a member of the Apocynaceae family. This genus is represented by evergreen shrubs and herbaceous plants. Such a plant can be found in areas with a tropical climate, for example, on the territory of Java, Indochina, Cuba, Africa, Indonesia, etc. Scientists have not yet figured out where the catharanthus comes from, but some experts believe that its homeland is Madagascar, where it is widespread most widely. On this island there are 7 or 8 species of catharanthus.
Under natural conditions, such a plant can reach a height of 150 cm. At the same time, indoor catharanthus, as a rule, does not exceed 60 cm. In indoor culture, it began to be grown in the second half of the 18th century. For many years, experts thought that this plant is a kind of pink periwinkle, and it was not isolated as a separate genus. These plants are very similar to each other, and both are part of the Kutrovy family. However, in 1937, after lengthy disputes, it was decided that the pink catharanthus (Catharanthus roseus) should be considered an evergreen semi-shrub perennial and separated into a separate genus of Catharanthus.
In fact, the catharanthus is a perennial, but at home it is most often cultivated as an annual plant. In indoor conditions, such a plant, as a rule, reaches no more than 0.5–0.6 m in height. In the upper part, fleshy and erect shoots branch, and over time their lignification is observed. The root system of this shrub is pivotal and quite powerful. In depth, the central root can reach from 0.2 to 0.3 m, it has a large number of lateral adventitious roots, which have a specific rather sharp aroma. Young roots have no root hairs. The length of the oblong sheet plates is about 70 mm, they are pointed both from below and from above.
The bare, shiny foliage is painted in a dark green shade, and its central vein is decorated with white. The flowering bush is completely covered by a large number of wheel-shaped flowers. In diameter, flowers of the correct shape can reach from 30 to 50 mm. They consist of 5 petals and a flat corolla, with thyroid hairs covering its pharynx. In the middle of each flower there is an eyelet, which is painted in a rich contrasting color shade. To date, there are hybrids, the color of the flowers in which is orange, violet-blue, white or pale lilac. Outwardly, the flowers of this plant and phlox are very similar to each other. However, in the catharanthus, they are solitary, while in phlox flowers are part of the inflorescences. However, during the period of intense flowering, which begins in May and ends in October, a huge number of single flowers appear on the bush, they cover it with a lush cap. The plant stops blooming after the cold comes. At the end of flowering, fruits are formed on the bush, which are a sickle-shaped two-leafed plant. Inside the fruit there are about ten elongated seeds.
Catharanthus is a very spectacular plant, but it is appreciated not only for this. The fact is that it has healing properties. On the territory of Indonesia and Madagascar, such a shrub was used by healers and healers to treat coughs, diabetes mellitus and a variety of tumors. The green parts of the bush contain about sixty biologically active alkaloids. Currently, scientists have proven that this plant contains substances that help reduce the amount of sugar in the blood. Also, the alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine were isolated from catharanthus, which served as the basis for the manufacture of drugs intended to fight cancer. These medicines are still used in hospitals today.
The stems and foliage of such a shrub is used in folk medicine for the preparation of various decoctions and infusions that are used to treat:
- polyp, fibroids, prostate adenomas
- broncho-pulmonary diseases
- trophic ulcers and wounds that do not heal well
- diseases of the gums and teeth
- diabetes mellitus and hypertension.
If you decide to use catharanthus for treatment, then remember that all its parts contain poisonous substances. That is why, without some experience and knowledge, it is extremely undesirable to prepare any medicines from this plant on your own! Otherwise, due to self-prepared medication, an allergic reaction may develop, serious side effects may appear, or burns may form. The funds made from catharanthus have contraindications. It is recommended to use such funds only on the advice of the attending doctor and under his supervision.
Passion flower care
At the mention of passion flower, I am smitten with a charming image of inflorescences. They can be pink, blue, purple. All of them have a bright appearance and complex structure. It is for this that the plant is valued. In order for the owner of a house in the village to have the opportunity to enjoy the wonderful flowering of passion flower, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for her growth and development. Since the flowering time of one flower is only a day, you need to make an effort so that there are as many buds on passionflower as possible.
Choosing a place in the room
To begin with, it is important to find a suitable place in a sunny room.Stable lighting is necessary for the plant. In order for the plant to be prone to budding, it should be cut. The thing is that the buds are formed only on young shoots of passionflower.
A good time to prune a plant is the month of spring. First of all, diseased or dry shoots are cut. On a mature shoot, a cut is made 3 cm above the bud. A small stump should be left in place of the stem. If there is a need for that, then pruning can be performed in the fall, but you just need to wait until the plant completely blooms.
After the passionflower has survived pruning, it needs to be given time to rest. For about three weeks, the passion flower must be removed in partial shade, and when the specified period has passed, it can be returned to its original place.
Since passionflower is a prominent vine, it simply needs support. Here you can buy a ready-made support or make it from a wire or a pole.
Passionflower reproduces well with cuttings. In order not to additionally injure the vine, cuttings are taken from pruning for reproduction. Both stem and apical cuttings are suitable for propagation. The main thing is that there are at least three leaves on each cutting. The cut of the cuttings must be disinfected, and then planted in light fertile soil. You can also root a passion flower stalk in water.
Having created a warm and humid place for the rooted cuttings, after about a month it forms, roots and can be transplanted into a flower pot. As soon as the plant gains strength, it will be ready to bloom.
It is no secret that passionflower can be grown from seed, but it will be a little more difficult than from cutting.
Preparing seeds for planting
Initially, the seeds need to be soaked in water for one day. After that, sow them into the soil, and then cover the container with a transparent bag. It is imperative to ensure that a favorable regime for the entry of seeds is observed - heat and moisture. Seeds can germinate indefinitely, from one month to a year. As soon as shoots appear, the packages will need to be removed and the containers placed on a light windowsill. Young seedlings need a long day of light, at least 12 hours, so they will need additional lighting.
Surprisingly, some varieties of passionflower produce edible fruits. For example, the variety Granadilla purple.
Passionflower needs abundant watering, but do not be too zealous, so as not to lead the roots to decay.
During the period of active development of the plant, it needs fertilizers.
Especially this plant is not picky in dressing, so once a week it will be enough to feed the flower with complex fertilizers.
Transplant and temperature of Passiflora content
Transplant requirements for a young plant: once every three years.
Requirements for the temperature of the content: in summer + 22C .. + 25C, and in winter + 12C .. + 17C.
On summer days, the plant will feel good outdoors and outdoors.
Passiflora care at home
A flowering plant needs good lighting, so in the summer it can be grown on the western and eastern windows, and in the winter it can be transferred to the southern windowsill.
To grow vines at home, it is necessary to create an optimal temperature regime for it. The plant does not tolerate heat well, therefore, in the summer, the air temperature should be no more than +30 degrees.
In the fall, when the passionflower stops blooming, it begins a dormant period. At this time it is recommended keep in cool conditions with an air temperature of +10 to +14 degrees. The flower pot can be taken out to the glazed loggia or veranda. The room should be bright and cool. Such conditions are needed in order for the vine to gain strength and bloom for a long time for the next season. At this time, the plant is not fed and is rarely watered.
If in the winter there is no opportunity to keep passionflower in cool conditions, then the leaves on it will begin to turn yellow and fall off.
Watering and feeding
Watering a South American vine should be regularly... She does not like overdrying the soil, however, she also does not tolerate stagnant water. Therefore, after each watering, the water drained into the sump should be poured out.
The leaves of the plant love spraying, especially if the room is hot. In summer, the vine can be washed once a week under the shower. During this procedure, you should be careful not to break the stems of the plant.
From mid-winter until autumn, passionflower is fed once every two weeks. mineral and organic fertilizers... They must be alternated and applied only to wet soil. During the rest period and if the plant is sick, no feeding is carried out.
For intensive growth and stimulation of branching, the vine should cut off every year... A pruning procedure is carried out in the spring, cutting off last year's secondary shoots by a third. New buds will form on the young shoots that appear.
In summer, shoots are cut out at the base of the plant, and in the fall, after flowering, the secondary bald stems are completely removed and the remaining shoots are cut off by three quarters of the length.
You can only prune plants that have already reached the age of three.
Young vines are transplanted into a new pot annually, and adult plants once every two to three years. The transplant is carried out in the spring at the same time as the pruning procedure. In order for the plant to bloom faster after transplanting, and not to grow greenery, the new pot should be only two centimeters larger than the old one. Planting is recommended to be carried out by the transshipment method so as not to disturb its fragile roots.
Passiflora's stems grow quickly and stiffen., therefore, you need to timely take care of the support for them and direct new shoots to it. A large number of leaves, flowers and buds grow on the stems, which makes them clumsy and heavy.
The plant is propagated by cuttings and root suckers. Both methods are fairly common and affordable. Seed germination can also be used.
Propagation by cuttings
To root a passion flower stalk, cut the shoot of the current year: young, but already slightly lignified (starting to brown). The stalk should have two internodes, respectively, two pairs of leaves. The lower pair is cut off, and a thin shoot with the remaining pair of leaves is planted in a greenhouse with a light substrate.
You need to plant so that the base of the leaves is at ground level. In other words, the entire cutting, up to the second internode, must be immersed in the ground. To do this, you need to make a narrow hole in the substrate, for example, with a pencil.
Moisten the substrate, cover the stalk with a bag or glass jar, and leave at a temperature of +20 to + 25 ° C in diffused light, occasionally ventilating. Rooting usually occurs within a few weeks.
For your information! Passion flower cuttings root well even in a jar of water. Condition - the water should be at room temperature, and not change during the entire rooting.
In the spring, when changing, it is convenient detach from the mother plant alone or even several offspringemerging from underground buds on the rhizome. After that, the root sections must be treated with a fungicide, or simply crushed coal.
It is also possible to propagate passionflower seeds by seeds, but not so easily. Keep in mind that they quickly lose their germination, and among the fresh ones hardly one of the three will germinate. Before planting, scarification should be carried out - rub the seed with a fine emery cloth in order to break the very dense upper shell.
After completing this procedure, soak the seed in a jar of warm, soft water, in which you have previously dissolved some growth stimulant. Wait two days, then discard the seeds that remain on the surface - they still will not sprout.
Spread those that have gone to the bottom gently and evenly on the surface of the prepared moist substrate. You can lightly sprinkle with a layer of sand, but very thin - so that a stream of light breaks through it.
Cover the "bed" with thin glass or plastic wrap to keep the surface moisture almost 100%. Place the container with the sown seeds in a warm, well-lit place. Please be patient, sometimes shoots appear only after six months!
Interesting! It has been noticed that seeds hatch faster if a significant difference in daily temperatures is provided. At night it should get 10 -12 degrees colder than it was during the day. This mode stimulates the activation of life processes in the seeds.
Passion flower, obtained from seeds, is able to bloom only after six years, or even more. For the totality of these reasons, it is clear that propagation by cuttings is the preferred option for an amateur.
Surfinia is mainly used to decorate terraces, balconies, gazebos and houses. She is planted in hanging pots and decorate the territory. Blooming waterfalls can often be found in the old cities of Europe. Bright surfiniya flowers can also be seen in the decorations of outdoor cafes and restaurant areas.
More information can be found in the video.