On the garden plot, you can grow vines, which are perfect for decorating hedges. In this article, we will tell you about several colorful climbing plant species that are easy to grow in our gardens.
Clematis is a fairly common deciduous perennial herb in our gardens, which, with proper care, can become a real decoration of the garden. Along the trellises, this liana can rise to a height of 5 meters or more. Clematis blooms with beautiful large flowers of the widest range of colors, which depend on the variety: white, yellow, pink, purple ... Clematis flowers can be simple, or they can be double.
In the photo: Clematis
Clematis grows well in sunny areas. The soil he needs is loose, fertile, well-drained. The wind can tear the vine off the support, so you should plant it in a place where it will be protected from sudden gusts of wind. Since clematis needs support, it should be planted against the wall or during planting, immediately dig in an arch or lattice for the vine next to it. Clematis is hardy. When caring for clematis, it should be remembered that they need balanced watering, and when preparing vines for winter, you must first cover the root zone of the plant with grass or dry sod soil.
Planting and caring for clematis - everything you need to know
Clematis pruning is carried out in the fall, and there are three different types of plants, each of which requires this procedure to be performed according to a special scheme. For the winter, it is advisable to remove the liana from the support, lay it on a bed of grass, spruce branches or dry leaves and sprinkle with peat or throw spruce branches. Such a shelter will protect clematis shoots from frost. For normal growth and development, it should be fed at least twice a month: the first time - during growth, and the second - during bud formation. In autumn, plants of the first year are pruned to two lower strong buds. In early spring, the strongest shoots are left and tied up so that they give growth.
Clematis are ideal plants for decorating gazebos. In addition, this vine can be grown as a ground cover plant. Clematis is best combined with roses, zinnias and immortelles. Clematis propagates by seeds, cuttings, layering, as well as dividing the bush. Growing this vine from seeds is quite troublesome, therefore clematis is usually propagated by vegetative methods - cuttings and layering.
Chinese lemongrass is no less in demand in our gardens. Its flowers are fragrant, white, dense, reaching a diameter of 2 cm. These edible flowers can hold out on the plant until frost. Both the fruits and the leaves of the creeper have a lemon scent, which explains the name of the plant. Lemongrass begins to bloom in May, and the fruits ripen in late summer. The plant is light-requiring, but it can develop normally in partial shade. Despite the cold resistance of Schisandra chinensis, young plants of this vine require shelter for the winter.
Planting schisandra chinensis - how to grow in the garden
During the growing season, Chinese lemongrass should be fed twice with mineral fertilizers: the first time before flowering, and the second after its completion. Lemongrass shoots are directed along a vertical trellis. If their growth is too fast, the tops of the shoots are pinched. This vine is resistant to pests and diseases. Schisandra chinensis is often used to create hedges. Liana propagates by rhizomes, layering, and also seeds.
In the photo: Chinese Schisandra
Actinidia is not only decorative, but also a fruit vine
Flowers in actinidia, which is better known to us under the name kiwi, small, white, with a jasmine aroma, and the edible and healthy fruits are oblong in shape. In order for this vine to bear fruit, you need to immediately plant several plants on the site - both female and male. Actinidia is perfect for decorating gazebos.
Planting and caring for actinidia - a detailed guide
Actinidia has interesting leaves: in June they change their color from bronze to green, and later to dark green. Before flowering on vines growing in sunny areas, the leaves turn white, and after a few days they turn pink and then crimson-red, sometimes with silvery and green spots. In autumn, the leaves of actinidia change their color again: first to yellow, then to pinkish and violet-red. Here is such a stunning foliage kaleidoscope.
In the photo: Actinidia
Actinidia are demanding on the soil: it must be well-drained and fertile. Drought is detrimental for lianas, so actinidia should be watered regularly. Moisten the soil around the bush with rain or settled water in the morning or evening, after sunset.
Actinidia kolomikta - features of this type of kiwi
This unpretentious liana can climb to a height of 15-20 m, clinging to the support with antennae and suckers. The leaves of the maiden grapes are palmate, the flowers are inconspicuous, the fruits are purple. Maiden grapes are able to form a thick screen and are absolutely irreplaceable where you need to decorate or just hide a shabby or dilapidated wall. This vine has powerful shoots and grows very quickly. Maiden grapes are simply created for hedges: they are frost-hardy, not picky about light, and resistant to various diseases. Different flowering plants look great against the background of maiden grapes.
In the photo: Maiden grapes
The three-winged wing is very beautiful. Along the support, it rises to a height of 10 m, and during flowering forms large panicles up to half a meter long, consisting of many white flowers. Of interest are the fruits of the three-winged tree, which gave the name to the liana: they are a box with outgrowths resembling wings. The leaves of the trichlorum are ellipsoidal, and their tip is curved upward. The upper part of the leaf plate is colored green, and the bottom is gray-gray. In young shoots, the bark has a bright bronze tint.
In the photo: Trekrylnik
In the absence of a support, a three-winged bush is a sprawling bush, but if there is something nearby to catch on, the vine itself rises along the support. The trike is shade-tolerant, but it develops better in the sun and grows faster. In winter, young vines should be covered because their shoots can be damaged by frost. Adult trichonoids are not only winter-hardy, but also drought-resistant, rarely affected by pests and diseases.
Ivy is a widespread low-rise vine with triangular leaves. Ivy climbs easily on any surface, even a smooth wall. It is shade-tolerant and resistant to atmospheric pollution, but drying out the soil is destructive for it. Ivy is often used to create hedges. Before the onset of winter, it is recommended to remove the ivy from the support, lay it on a bed of peat and cover it with leaves or needles. When the snow falls, it is best to throw it in a low snowdrift over the ivy. In our climate, ivy does not bloom.
In the photo: Garden ivy
The plants we have described are unique. Not only are they beautiful in themselves, but they can also add charm to your garden. Garden vines will not take up much space, as they grow upward, clinging to supports, camouflaging and draping unsightly walls and unsightly buildings.
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Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Shrubs Ornamental deciduous Lianas
Features of the growth of climbing plants and their care
Vertical gardening of walls of buildings and various structures with climbing plants - lianas is a progressive technique in green building. First of all, this does not require significant additional space. Lianas compare favorably with other plants. They usually multiply easily, grow rapidly, in the middle zone of the European part of Russia in 2-3 years they can completely cover the walls of 1-2-storey buildings. Climbing plants are plastic to light conditions, gas-resistant, winter-hardy. Many species are distinguished by high decorativeness of leaves, flowers and fruits, elasticity and strength of shoots. Of all the known plants, only woody lianas are capable of independently climbing the walls of 2-4-storey buildings. Some types of lianas used for landscaping are an additional source of high quality edible and medicinal fruits: actinidia, grapes, blackberries, lemongrass and others. Buildings, balconies, gazebos, arches, pergolas, trellises, hedges, picturesquely entwined with green lianas, give the cities located in the middle lane the exoticism of the south.
Vertical gardening method
In our cities and towns, many houses built according to standard designs, especially prefabricated ones, do not always win in architectural terms. In a number of micro-districts, whole residential areas are monotonous and monotonous. In this regard, great hopes are pinned on vertical gardening, which rightfully belongs to one of the most economical and widely available means of architectural design of walls of buildings and various structures. It is designed to fulfill an important architectural, artistic and sanitary and hygienic role in modern cities and towns.
In addition to residential buildings, vertical gardening is also used for greening the walls of buildings of industrial enterprises, children's, cultural, medical and sports institutions when decorating old houses, it is also used in landscape architecture.
There is a misconception that lianas, growing near buildings, contribute to the accumulation of dampness in the walls and their destruction. Research and many years of practice have proven that the roots of climbing plants extract excess moisture from the soil at the foundation of the house, and the aboveground part protects the walls from overheating, precipitation, and, consequently, from destruction. In addition, it creates more favorable living conditions.
Vertical gardening method
This type of gardening is relatively new and, unfortunately, has not yet become widespread, especially in our republic. We hope that our tips and tricks will help amateur gardeners speed up the solution to this issue.
In order to skillfully cultivate lianas, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the biological characteristics of their growth and the ecological factors of the environment in which they develop well and most fully manifest their decorative advantages.
Wood lianas in our temperate latitudes can climb to a height of 20-30 m; the diameter of their main stem sometimes reaches 20 cm (maiden grapes are five-leafed). Many species of lianas develop a powerful crown, are distinguished by rapid growth, early bloom (in the 2-3rd year), bear fruit (in the 3-5th year) and at the same time are distinguished by enviable longevity (climbing roses and climbing honeysuckle live up to 100 years , grapes - up to 200, ivy - up to 300). Almost all this time, they can be vegetatively propagated.
Seedling vines initially develop as ordinary plants, and when the ability to attach to supports appears, they acquire the characteristics of real vines. In climbers (grapes), antennae appear when 8-10 internodes are formed in annual seedlings and the length of shoots reaches 40-45 cm. They are capable of wrapping around supports when they reach a height of 30-50 cm (actinidia, woodworm).
Vertical gardening method
The onset of plant life after winter is associated with the onset of sap flow. In many lianas (actinidia, lemongrass, grapes, etc.) this occurs in late March or early April. Shoots of clematis and honeysuckle start to grow very early (in the 2-3rd decade of April), in most others (grapes, actinidia, kirkazon, woodworm, lemongrass, etc.) shoots begin to grow in the 1-2nd decade of May.
In adult plants (actinidia, woodworm, grapes, clematis), the length of annual shoots can reach 2-4 m. This is due to the long duration of their seasonal growth (up to 4 months) and intensive daily growth of shoots (4-6 cm). By the fall, the shoots have time to lignify quite well, and the plants are quite winter-hardy.
Dates of flowering and fruiting of vines in Minsk are not the same. In May, yellow honeysuckle, honeysuckle, prince, woodworm, lemongrass bloom. In June - actinidia, kirkazon, moonseed, Zhakman's clematis, purple, Tangut, grapes. In July, actinidia large, polygamous, five-leafed maiden grapes, serrated clematis begin to bloom, in August - Chinese clematis, oriental clematis, etc.
Plants that bloom in May - July are distinguished by a good harvest of fruits and quality of seeds. Weakly bear fruit and form empty seeds of vines that bloom in August.
Vertical gardening method
One of the important environmental factors limiting the culture of lianas is the low temperatures of the winter period. The most winter-hardy lianas are actinidia kolomikta, Amur grapes, red grapes, foxes, five-leafed maiden grapes, round-leaved woodworm, curly, yellow honeysuckle, honeysuckle, large-leaved kirkazon, Manchurian, Chinese lemongrass, purple clematis, Tangut, lunar alpine prince, da and others. Less winter-hardy actinidia is large, polygamous, cultivated grapes, maiden grapes, triangular, climbing or climbing roses, etc. In the conditions of Belarus cultivated grapes, climbing roses, Zhakman's clematis need shelter for the winter.
Actinidia, kirkazon, and rose, on the contrary, make high demands on soil fertility; Honeysuckle, lemongrass, prince, blackberry have an average demand for this factor.
Grapes and clematis are quite resistant to temporary lack of moisture and drought. In contrast, in actinidia, kirkazon, lemongrass, and moonseed, yellowing, twisting of leaves, and falling of flowers and fruits are observed during the dry period.
Vertical gardening method
Some species thrive and thrive in well-lit, sunny locations. These include grapes, climbing honeysuckle, rose, and clematis. Only a few species are shade-tolerant. Significant shading can be tolerated by woodworm, moonseed, maiden five-leaf grapes, ivy. The prince, lemongrass, and kirkazon occupy an intermediate position in relation to the light regime.
Adult specimens of various species of lianas in similar growing conditions reach unequal sizes - from 3 to 20 m and more.
For successful growth, abundant flowering and fruiting of vines, careful preparation of the soil is necessary with digging it to a depth of 40-50 cm with the introduction of 20-30 kg of humus per 1 m2. With continuous landscaping of structures, trenches 40-50 cm wide and 60-70 cm deep are dug. Single lianas are planted in pits 50 × 50 cm in size.
Planting holes and trenches are dug no closer than 10-20 cm from the basement of the building. In places of possible waterlogging of vines under the influence of storm water, the planting pit should be fenced with a concrete rim 5-b cm high, leaving a hole for vines measuring 20X30 cm.
Vertical gardening method
The distance between plants when planting depends on the size achieved and the ability to branch.With continuous gardening at a distance of 0.6-1.0 m, moonseed, prince, clematis 1.0-2.0 m - honeysuckle, Kirkazon, Schisandra 2-3.0 m - actinidia, grapes, wood pliers are planted.
The best time to plant vines is spring, before bud break. However, honeysuckle, clematis start growing very early, so the spring period of their planting is very limited. It is advisable to plant these vines in the fall. Saplings are planted in a permanent place 10-15 cm deeper than they grew in the nursery. Recessed planting promotes the formation of adventitious roots, intensive development of the aboveground part, protects against freezing.
With vertical gardening of buildings, structures, fences, vines should be placed in accordance with the cardinal points, since the requirements for the light regime are not the same for them.
For vertical gardening
- a) southern, southeastern and southwestern walls are suitable: climbing rose, climbing honeysuckle, grapes, clematis
- b) eastern, northeastern and western: actinidia, kirkazon, prince, schisandra chinensis
- c) northern and northwestern: maiden grapes five-leafed and wood-nose.
On either side, you can plant woodworm and girlish grapes.
Such placement of vines creates the most optimal conditions for good growth and development, which will contribute to their high decorative effect and durability.
Vertical gardening method
Caring for vines is not much different from caring for other plants. The peculiarities of leaving are to give their shoots a certain direction, the green "draperies" themselves - the appropriate shape by timely garter and trimming of individual shoots.
At the same time, the safety of the vines from possible damage should be ensured. To do this, they are fenced with a low fence or a special crate, and proper drainage of rainwater from the roof of the building is carried out to avoid erosion of roots and waterlogging of the soil.
As you can see, most species of lianas are quite winter-hardy in local conditions, they grow and develop successfully, they are resistant to the urban ecological environment, they almost do not suffer from pests and diseases, they have a dried decorative effect. These advantages give reason to recommend vines for wider use in green building.
Vertical gardening method
How to choose climbing plants?
When choosing climbing plants for your balcony, you need to take into account the factors that affect their growth and flowering. Namely, a balcony opens onto the light or shady side of the street, whether it is glazed or not.
If the balcony is not glazed, then when planning the planting of plants, you need to take into account the strength of the wind blowing there. This is important because some plants, such as clematis, whose shoots break easily, are unlikely to thrive in strong winds. To make the flowers look beautiful against the background of the walls, you need to select them in contrast to the color of the wall. So, against the background of red brick, white or yellow flowers will be good.
For growing on a balcony, if it is not glazed, it is better to select unpretentious and hardy plants. They can be annual or perennial.
For sunny, lighted balconies, annuals are suitable: nasturtium, ornamental beans, sweet peas, morning glory, from perennials - actinidia, honeysuckle, Chinese lemongrass.
Ivy is good for shaded balconies. It can withstand strong winds, but it needs to be cleaned for the winter as it is sensitive to frost. Compared to ivy, girlish grapes are unpretentious and hardy, and their unusually beautiful autumn outfit will decorate any balcony. On a north-facing balcony, these plants should be positioned so that they do not block the sunlight. For example, at the wall of a building on which a support grid needs to be reinforced, or at the corners.
In the southern regions of the country, the balcony can be decorated with such beautiful plants as climbing roses and wisteria, but they are hardly suitable for the middle lane.
Curly perennial in landscape design
There are curly flowers for the garden with herbaceous and tree-like stems. Of these, two groups are distinguished: flowering and decorative vines. The choice often falls on flowering plants with decorative foliage. Loaches with a massive trunk need strong support, they are often planted near the facades of houses. Perennial curly flowers adorn pergolas, gazebos, fences, arches and other vertical structures in the recreation area. The arched structure, braided by garden plants, has a decorative look and copes with practical tasks. Dense greenery near the fence significantly reduces the amount of dust from the street, reduces the noise level, for example, when the house is located next to the roadway.
Flowers blooming all summer attract birds, birds successfully fight harmful insects. On a hot day, sitting in the country house in a gazebo, one feels the shade and coolness that perennial loaches give. The delicate scent of flowers soothes the nerves during a pleasant stay. Curly perennial flowers for the garden can be seen in the photo with names and characteristics.
Annual climbing plants for the fence
There is a large group of annual loaches, with which you can decorate fences and various buildings for one season. Some of them are distinguished by beautiful decorative leaves, while others are distinguished by flowers of various colors. All annual climbing plants are divided into two groups:
- Loaches that are sown directly into the ground.
- Weaving annuals to be grown in seedlings.
The following annuals can be sown directly into open ground:
- Sweet pea - This is an unpretentious culture, which is distinguished by beautiful and abundant flowering. The plant has more than a thousand varieties, each of which has its own height, color and flowering time. Sowing can be done in early May in open ground or in March for seedlings. Sweet pea flowers will bloom for about four months, while exuding an exquisite scent. When planting seedlings or the appearance of sprouts, it is necessary to put supports near the loaches, otherwise the fragile lashes will begin to break and intertwine with each other. Care requires timely watering, trimming excess shoots and removing faded buds.
- Nasturtium in one season it can grow up to two meters. It has green stems and large umbrella-like leaves. From July to October, the fast-growing loach blooms in red, pink, yellow, orange or variegated flowers. Loves not very fertile soils, a well-lit place and good care. It is necessary to constantly monitor nasturtiums, as they can be attacked by caterpillars, spider mites, aphids, as well as various fungal diseases.
- Konvalvulyus tricolor - this is not a very large climbing plant, for the growth of which a lot of space is not required. Its stems grow up to only 50 cm in length, but the loach is famous for its bright large flowers of blue, blue or pink color. Their peculiarity is that they open only in good weather. Convalvulus can be propagated by sowing directly into open ground. But in order for the plant to bloom early, cultivation is carried out by seedlings.
Plants native to southern countries are grown only in seedlings in more northern regions. Sowing is usually done in late February - early March. Young plants are planted in the ground after the threat of the last frost. The most common ones are:
- Ipomoea purple is a large climbing plant, the stems of which reach a height of two meters. Morning glory is distinguished by heart-shaped large leaves and flowers up to 7 cm in diameter. They can be pink, blue or purple in color. Sowing is done in February. After the end of the frost, the morning glory is planted in loose fertile soils. The place should be sunny and calm.
- Kobeya climbing or monastery bells - an annual liana with a height of two or more meters. Differs in unpretentiousness and large buds of white or lilac color. Kobei can be grown in the shade and sun. The loach is also unpretentious to the soil. In open ground, seedlings sown in February are planted in mid-late May.
- Ornamental Beans or Turkish Beans - climbing plant up to three meters or more. Liana is famous not for flowers, but for beautiful decorative fruits that adorn the plant until the very winter cold. The beans are sown in early May, and after about a month they are planted in open ground.
Popular vibrant hedges and spectacular flowering arches
Lianas and other bindweed grow very quickly; in a year or two in central Russia, plants can create a full-fledged hedge. When choosing varieties, one must be guided by the climate in the region, average monthly winter temperatures and the requirements for agricultural technology. For each region of our country, you can choose the best option for vertical gardening.
Interesting. The opinion that vines contribute to dampness is a mistake. The roots of the plants take moisture from the base of the foundation, and the leaves protect the walls from rain and wind.
Some tips for choosing plants:
- In the south and southeast of the site, roses, honeysuckle and grapes grow well
- On the east side, it is advisable to plant actinidia, Chinese lemongrass or kirkazon
- We plant the shady northern and north-western sides with unpretentious girlish grapes or ivy.
Advice. Loaches in the garden are planted taking into account the flowering period and the requirements for the degree of moisture. It is better to place moisture-loving varieties in areas with an equipped irrigation system. In the southern regions, drip irrigation, at the root, has proven itself perfectly.
Unpretentious bright annuals
Climbing annuals for the garden will bring a little hassle and a lot of joy. Such a bright decor does not require the construction of monumental supports, flowers will perfectly wrap a fence, wattle or gazebo. It is enough to pull the string or twine in the right direction and the magnificent green tent will grow on its own.
If there is a craving for experimentation, then annuals are the best solution. Every year you can change the landscaping depending on your mood.
Important. Some species are self-sown and very abundant. This must be taken into account in order not to fight against unwanted shoots later.
Nasturtium on a light trellis
The most popular loaches in central Russia:
- Ampel Gloxinia is an unpretentious annual plant with a large selection of color palettes. It blooms from June until the first frost, does not like drafts and cold. Therefore, the instruction recommends planting seeds in early May in sunny, sheltered from the wind areas of the garden. The most popular varieties "Barclay" and Azarina climbing
- Bell-shaped grapes or kobea - honey delicate aroma and delicate bell-shaped inflorescences from blue to purple hue. Dissolves buds from July and pleases the eye until October. Requires regular watering and monthly mineral fertilizing, as it builds up mass very quickly. Recommended for decorating hedges and gazebos
- Bright and unpretentious bindweed for the garden - morning glory. If the soil is favorable, then once sowing this flower by the fence, you don't have to worry about painting it. This persistent bindweed from June to the first frost pleases with lush clusters of blue, star-shaped or crimson inflorescences.
Advice. Pots with morning glory look very impressive on the veranda, but we must not forget that the plant loves sandy soils with lime inclusions.
- Beans hyacinth or dolichos - purple-white flowers turn into purple pods by August. Often used to decorate an oriental garden, especially brick or stone walls located in the south of the site
- Bright yellow ornate crochet - the plant can twist a wall up to five meters high in a month, therefore it is often used for the original design of arches, trellises and tree trunks. Prefers southern, well-lit areas, undemanding to watering and soil composition
It is not at all difficult to grow a bouquet of sweet peas with your own hands
- Sweet peas - delicate, pastel colors and delicate aroma with absolute unpretentiousness to the conditions make it rightfully the most popular annual in the garden.
Advice. When choosing a variety, you need to pay attention to the height of the plant. There are dwarf species for decorating flower beds and borders.
Perennials - Green Garden Architects
Bobovnik garden - golden rain
Perennial garden curly flowers can help create interesting architectural designs in the garden. But they require a serious approach to the construction of a reliable and solid support.
Let's dwell on the most popular vines that are easy to cultivate in central Russia:
- "Wisteria blooms, blue frost" - a spectacular cascade of cascading blue, purple and pink inflorescences suitable for creating arches, pergolas and shady paths in the garden. With proper care and shelter for the winter from frost, it feels good even with frosts below 20.
Advice. In the northern regions, it is recommended to plant the plant in a wooden tub, which can be brought in a warm place for the winter.
In the photo there is a successful solution for decorating the veranda with clematis (branches are easy to cover for the winter from frost)
- Clematis also does not like the cold. A distinctive feature - leaves and flowers should receive enough sunlight and heat, and the root system is located in the shade, hidden from direct sunlight
- Ivy and honeysuckle are shade-loving vines, with the help of which, within one season, you can form a spectacular hedge on the site
- Garden curly bean, otherwise alpine bean is a frost-resistant, shade-loving bush with beautifully flowering long branches directed downward. It grows well only in the southern regions, at minus ten degrees the plant completely freezes out.
Important. The bean berries are poisonous, so if there are children in the house, then planting it is undesirable.
- Versatile climbing rose bushes are the most popular type of vertical gardening. The only negative is thorny, but this is fully compensated for by the magnificent summer flowering, unfortunately, mainly only in June.
- The tree-nose is a versatile vine for northern areas and for shady areas of the garden. The only requirement is regular watering and loosening of the soil.
- Maiden grapes - the lack of flowers is compensated by bright elegant foliage and absolute undemandingness. The cost of leaving is autumn pruning, this modest will not require more attention to himself.
Advice. In the northern regions, the method of planting vines in tubs has proven itself well. Minimum maintenance and the ability to keep the bush in frost.
Common ivy (Hedera helix) Is an unpretentious plant, in the southern regions it can grow up to 20 m in length, in the middle lane - usually no more than 8-10 m.It has dark green leathery leaves and can be used not only in vertical gardening, but also as a ground cover plant. Negatively refers to dry and acidic lands and does not tolerate severe frosts, especially in snowless winters.
Stalked hydrangea (Hydrangea petiolaris) Is a beautiful shade-tolerant perennial liana, which, with the available support, can grow up to 5-6 m, it is beautifully decorated with green large leaves, which turn bright yellow by autumn, but before that - in June-July - it pleases the eye with the appearance of white flowers, collected in large shields. Hydrangea prefers acidic soils and good moisture.
Chinese schisandra (Schizandra chinensis) - this vine is popular, first of all, due to its fruits, which have a good healing effect, they are also used as a preventive agent for many diseases. The plant grows about 1 m every year, and in total it grows up to 10 m in length.It grows best on fresh nutritious soils, during the fruiting period it needs a higher level of illumination than usual.
Regel's three-winged wing (Tripterygium regelii) Is a flowering perennial vine with bluish-green large leaves and paniculate inflorescences of white-green flowers that bloom at the end of summer. The annual growth is 2-4 m, while the total height of the vine is about 10 m. In October, fruits of the original form appear on it, which gave the plant its name.
Moonseeds canadian (Menispermum canadense) and Daurian (M. dahuricum) grow up to 4-5 m in height, the main decoration of these vines are not flowers, but leaves and fruits. The leaves are especially beautiful in autumn, when they turn bright yellow, and in September the hemispherical fruits of a bluish-black color ripen.
Both the lunar seeds and the three-winged plants are not demanding on the soil, they tolerate shading well, but, planted from the northern wall of the house, they begin to bloom worse.
Perennial vines are best planted in spring and, although some growers practice seed propagation, this is too long a process, therefore, it is better to use the cuttings method.
For varietal clematis, grafting can be applied. In early spring, before the growing season, overgrown old bushes can be divided or spread out layers in order to obtain new plants. For some vines, for example, lunar seed, the division of rhizomes is applicable.
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