Sochi

Sochi

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In Sochi, apple and pear trees experience "hormonal failure"

In Sochi, apple and pear trees bloomed three months earlier than usual due to the abnormally warm weather in February - in the city it warms up to plus 20 degrees during the day.

In March, ovaries form on the flowers, Mikhail Kuvaytsev, a senior researcher at the Shaposhnikov Caucasian State Natural Biosphere Reserve, told Interfax. He warned that if it suddenly gets colder, the ovary will suffer, and the reserve flowering will be exhausted.

Kuvaitsev noted that repeated flowering of fruit occurs rarely.

"Due to early flowering of trees, a decrease in yield may occur. Fruits will be small and rare, including apples and pears, which bloomed in Sochi much ahead of schedule," the researcher warned.

Tsiala Tutberidze, Head of the Department of Subtropical and Southern Fruit Crops of the Research Institute of Subtropical Crops and Floriculture of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told the agency that there are several factors in the early flowering of fruit and berry crops.

"The main factor for early flowering of plants is weather conditions, when the average daily air temperature reaches +10 and above. This temperature provokes the flowering of individual shoots of stone fruit, pome fruit and berry crops," Tutberidze said.

According to her, early flowering weakens the plant, it has a "hormonal failure" of dormant generative buds, and the reserves of nutrients necessary to increase frost resistance are consumed. In trees and shrubs, the dormant period is shortened, they can fall under return spring frosts and even die.

Scientists advise to delay flowering by spraying trees in autumn with auxins, in particular 1-NOC (naphthyl-acetic acid).

Meanwhile, the abnormal warmth is good for the pets in the Sochi Arboretum Park.

"Warm autumn, followed by an abnormally warm winter, just a joy for the plants of the Arboretum Park. Some of them, reacting to the absence of frost, continue to bloom from the very autumn. Others, on the contrary, bloomed ahead of schedule," the press service of the Sochi National Park. For several months there have been blossoming olives, large-fruited strawberries, caramel trees, Japanese and mountain camellia, goat willow, Japanese quince, mimosa, privet root - "snake root" and a number of other plants.

In the park "Yuzhnye Kultury" the agency was informed that the magnolia blossomed ahead of schedule.

“The warm February sun, almost a month ahead of schedule, has already blossomed the first magnolia buds of Soulange and Kobus. How actively the magnolia buds open depends on the weather: the warmer, the faster the whole tree will be covered with pink flowers. flowering plants, which usually open in mid-March, "said a park employee.


Household plot: how I see it. Sochi 2014

This publication is the first of its kind, describing in detail the agricultural technology of a complex soil and climatic zone - the most northern subtropics, which are located on the Black Sea coast of Russia. In the successful development of slope areas, in the cultivation of widespread fruit and berry crops and rare introduced species, in home winemaking.

The publication will be useful and interesting for amateur gardeners.

We advise you to download an introductory fragment (no more than 20% of the total volume) of the book “Home Garden: How I See It. Sochi-2014 ”by Dmitry Rybkin in electronic form in FB2 or TXT formats. You can also download the work in other formats such as RTF and EPUB (e-books). We advise you to choose the FB2 or TXT format for downloading, which are currently supported by almost any mobile device (including phones / smartphones / e-book readers running Android and IOS OS (iPhone, iPad)) and desktop PCs. The book has been published.

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