Description and characteristics of an early ripe tomato variety countryman

Description and characteristics of an early ripe tomato variety countryman

Many novice gardeners are wondering how to find tomato seeds in order to get a good harvest. The Countryman's tomato is considered one of the few vegetables which are fully suitable for inexperienced professionals who do not have good greenhouses or free time to pay due attention to culture. The description and characteristics of this variety are presented below.

Description and characteristics of tomato Countryman

A determinant variety, not a standard variety, perfectly suitable for the regions of Siberia and the Central part of Russia. The first crop is harvested about three months after the sprouts appear..

The culture is early maturing, represented by a small but strong bush, reaching a height of seventy centimeters. Each brush forms from twelve to fifteen red fruits, the shapes of which are slightly elongated, reminiscent of a plum. The average weight of one tomato is about seventy grams. The yield when grown in a greenhouse reaches ten kilograms per square meter, and in conditions of unprotected soil, this figure drops to five to eight kilograms.

The tomatoes taste sweet, juicy, and have a pleasant freshness of the pulp. They are consumed fresh, added to salads and snacks, and used to make juices and sauces. In addition, the variety is very convenient for whole canning.

Breeding history and growing region

The culture owes its origin to specialists in breeding work from Siberia. Respectively, for cultivation it is recommended precisely in areas with unfavorable climatic conditions, although the plant can be cultivated in any area.

Advantages and disadvantages

The positive qualities include the following signs:

  • stable yields not only in greenhouse conditions, but also in open beds;
  • excellent taste qualities ripe fruits;
  • using for conservation as a whole;
  • early ripeness;
  • sustainability to the main diseases and harmful parasites inherent in tomato varieties;
  • minimum care;
  • good keeping quality and portability.

There are practically no negative aspects, in addition to the fact that when growing a crop, you should strictly adhere to the watering regime and select the correct soil composition.

Planting seeds

First, the planting material should be checked for germination. For this, a couple of tablespoons of salt are poured into a glass of water, seeds are dipped into the prepared solution. Seeds floating on the surface should be selected and removed, since they are not suitable for planting.

Sowing seeds for seedlings is best done in late March - early April. The seeds are soaked in a weakly concentrated manganese solution or aloe juice, then washed with running water, treated with a growth-stimulating drug purchased in a specialized store.

The soil composition for growing seedlings should be disinfected from the bacteria in it, having ignited in the oven.

The seeds are planted in a container, buried one and a half to two centimeters, and watered with warm water. The containers must be covered with plastic wrap or a piece of glass and placed in a warm place. The temperature regime should be twenty-five degrees Celsius. When the first shoots appear, the film (glass) should be removed.

The picking of seedlings is performed after the sprouts form two to three leaves. For the entire period of growing seedlings, two dressings are carried out, for which potash, phosphorus and nitrogen compositions are used.

The seedling period should not exceed sixty to sixty-five days. Otherwise, tomato bushes in the open field will begin to lag behind in the development and formation of fruits.

Transplanting seedlings into open ground

After about a couple of months, the seedlings are completely ready to move into unprotected ground. The soil in the beds should be fertile and light. It is best if the predecessors of the tomato crop are legumes, cucumbers or cabbage. About a couple of weeks before transplanting, the seedlings should be hardened by taking them out into the open air for several hours, gradually increasing the time.

Landing is carried out according to the scheme "sixty by seventy" centimeters.

Growing conditions

Watering is carried out only with warm water under the roots. From time to time, after completing watering, you should loosen the soil surface, while not forgetting to remove weeds.

Moreover, fertilizers must be added. At the stage of active vegetation of the plant, components containing nitrogen should be added to the soil. After the appearance of inflorescences and ovaries, phosphorus-containing and potassium preparations are used. The frequency of application is once every two to three weeks.

Features of fruiting varieties

The culture is distinguished by its hardiness to climatic conditions, it can be grown in any region of the country, giving stable yields. Experts assure that the plant does not at all need pinching and the use of props. Water the plant only after the sun goes down.

The variety is early, begins to bear fruit by the middle of summer. Each bush yields up to fifteen vegetables.

It is believed that the plant can be cultivated not only by the seedling method, but also by simply sowing seeds into the soil.

Diseases and prevention

Tomato variety it is distinguished by good resistance to almost all known tomato diseases and harmful parasites. And this is another plus in favor of the fact that it is such a culture that should be planted on your site. But it will not be superfluous if you take preventive measures by treating the plants in advance with special preparations.

Conclusion

The fruits of the tomato variety Zemlyak are perfectly preserved and transported over decent distances. Many gardeners even advise growing this plant in industrial quantities. In the preparations prepared for the winter season, tomatoes are able not only to preserve their positive qualities, but even to enhance some of them. In a word, the variety is really suitable for growing every novice summer resident.


Tomato Compatriot, registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1996, is recommended for the Ural, West Siberian and East Siberian regions, which indicates its cold resistance and resistance to the vagaries of the weather. It is grown in any other climate, moreover, since the variety is early maturing and the fruits begin to ripen within 96–98 days after full germination, in the south it is successfully cultivated without growing seedlings, by direct sowing of seeds into a garden bed.

The compatriot belongs to the number of determinant varieties, the bush grows no more than 80 cm in height. In this regard, it is rarely planted in greenhouses: the variety is intended for unprotected soil. The branchiness and foliage of the plant are at an average level, the leaves are light green in color, of normal size. The first inflorescence and, accordingly, the fruit cluster are formed after the 6th or 7th leaf, the subsequent ones - after 1 or 2 leaves. Each cluster can contain up to 15 fruits.

The bushes do not need to be tied up, but under the weight of the fruit they can fall to the ground.

Fruits are plum-shaped, shiny, red when ripe. The mass of a tomato is 70–90 g, the number of seed nests is 2 or 3. There are few seeds, but it is quite possible to collect them for home cultivation: Countryman is not a hybrid. The fresh fruit tastes good. The main purpose is whole-fruit canning, but tomatoes are quite suitable for fresh consumption. The fruits tolerate transportation well and are well stored.

The yield for a small plant is very high and during industrial cultivation is from 350 to 470 c / ha, which significantly exceeds the yield of the well-known varieties Raketa and Siberian early ripening. The maximum yield recorded in the Omsk region was 778 c / ha. In private farms, up to 4 kg of tomatoes are harvested from one bush, which, with a tight planting, allows you to remove about 20 kg of fruits from 1 m 2 of the garden.

The variety is resistant to most diseases, but suffers greatly from late blight. Normally tolerates fluctuations in air temperature, but with prolonged cold snaps, the development of the plant is greatly slowed down. Bush formation, including the removal of stepchildren, is optional.

Video: tomato harvest Countryman in Siberia


The best varieties of tomatoes in Siberia - tomato "Countryman"

This variety was bred by Siberian breeders and is convenient in that it does not require breaking off side shoots and forming a bush. From one bush of tomato "Countryman", according to its characteristics from the catalog, you can collect up to 4 kg of fruits. The advantages of this variety also include early ripening. According to the photo of those who planted, tomatoes can be harvested after 95-100 days, from the time the first sprouts appeared.

The "Countryman" variety is not a hybrid. Gardeners also note that this variety tolerates low air temperatures well, is transportable and resistant to various diseases. All this led to the emergence of good reviews about the "Countryman" tomato and its spread outside Siberia.


The main pros and cons of tomato Countryman

Tomatoes Countryman are in good standing with most farmers due to the large number of positive characteristics, as well as for their unpretentious care. Among the advantages of the variety, the following should be highlighted:

  1. High yield in a short time.
  2. Excellent gastronomic qualities of tomatoes.
  3. Universal crop application.
  4. Can be grown in any climate.
  5. The compactness of the bushes.
  6. The sugar content in fruits is 3%, ascorbic acid is 19 ml for every 100 g.
  7. Up to 15 fruits are formed on the brushes.
  8. No need for pinning and tying.
  9. Immune protection against disease and adverse weather conditions.
  10. Whole fruit conservation.
  11. Good seed germination.
  12. The fruits tolerate transportation well and are stored for a long time.

As a rule, when growing a Countryman, gardeners do not have significant complaints about this variety. Among the minor disadvantages can be called the exactingness of the plant to the place of growth - the garden must be fertile. In addition, tomato bushes are demanding for strict adherence to the irrigation schedule. With prolonged frosts, the development of the bush may stop.


Main characteristics of tomato Andromeda F1

This tomato is highly resistant to small drops in temperature.

Fruiting hybrid

The Andromeda F1 tomato has a good yield - up to 12 kg of ripe products are harvested from each square of the area in private farms.

Photo of tomato Andromeda golden

This hybrid is successfully grown on an industrial scale, while 650-720 centners of ripe tomatoes are harvested from each hectare.

Scope of the harvested crop

This tomato is great for fresh consumption, summer salads and appetizers... Due to the fact that the fruits contain a small amount of acid, they are introduced into the daily menu of various diets, given to children.

Photo of pink Andromeda tomato

But the surplus of production can be used for preservation for the winter, in particular, small tomatoes are great for whole-fruit preservation, they can be used for making winter salads.


Rusty, Countryman

The early ripening variety of tomatoes Countryman can be grown in any region of our country, even in the most northern. The method and place of growing these tomatoes depends on the climate of the plant cultivation area. In southern areas with long and warm summers, this variety can be sown directly into the ground. In the middle lane and to the north, this tomato is grown through seedlings. Where the summer is very short and cool, the Countryman tomatoes are grown not in the open field, but under a film or in greenhouses and greenhouses.

Agrotechnology of growing tomatoes Countryman has several minor nuances that differ from the cultivation of other varieties

The agricultural technology of growing tomatoes Countryman has several nuances that differ from the cultivation of other varieties:

  • The term for sowing seeds for seedlings is March or early April, depending on the climate of the growing place.
  • Seedlings can be grown traditionally, with diving of plants after the formation of 2 true leaves, but it is better - in peat or coconut tablets, replacing the soil, so as not to injure the roots of tomatoes when diving.
  • Plants are planted at a specific place of growth in the phase of 6–7 true leaves.
  • Seedlings and adult plants should be watered only with warm water as needed and after the upper thin layer of soil has dried.
  • So that the growth of green mass does not outstrip the formation of flower brushes, you can feed the Countryman with the same organic fertilizers (mullein, chicken droppings, herbal infusion) that are used for other tomatoes, but no more than 3 times per season (2 weeks after planting in a permanent place, and then after 3-4 weeks twice more).

It is better to grow tomatoes in peat tablets so as not to injure the roots when picking


Tomato Countryman: description and characteristics, cultivation of the variety, yield, photo

The ability of tomatoes of the Zemlyak variety to grow almost everywhere, except for the regions of the Far North, and at the same time produce high yields of fruits distinguished by excellent gastronomic qualities, predetermined the great popularity of these plants among vegetable growers. Read more about the tomato variety Countryman in the article.

Characteristics and description of the variety

This tomato variety was created by breeders of the West Siberian Vegetable Experimental Station in 1991. Initially, it was intended for cultivation in the Urals and Siberia, but very quickly spread throughout Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. Tomato variety Countryman is characterized by:

  • belonging to the determinant species with bushes not exceeding 0.7 m in height
  • the ability to be grown universally in the open field
  • the ability to grow in southern regions without the use of seedlings
  • early ripening, in which the crop can be harvested as early as 96-100 days after seed germination
  • the ability to give a high yield, allowing you to collect an average of over 4 kg of fruits from a bush
  • oval-shaped fruits and their red color
  • firm pulp with sweet taste
  • brushes, on which up to 15 fruits are formed
  • compactness of fruits with an average weight of about 0.1 kg.

Photo gallery

Pros and cons of the variety

  • Based on the above, the advantages of the tomato variety Countryman include:
  • high yield, coming in a short time
  • good gastronomic quality of fruits
  • versatility of application
  • undemanding to growing conditions
  • good germination of seed, which can be obtained directly from the fruit
  • compactness of bushes, which allows you to save planting area
  • no need for pinning and garters
  • resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions
  • uniformity of small fruit sizes, which contributes to their preservation as a whole
  • good keeping quality of fruits and their transportability.
  • Those who planted this tomato variety have no significant complaints about it. Sometimes it is noted:
  • plant demands for soil fertility
  • the need for careful adherence to the schedules of watering tomato bushes.

Optimal terms of growing tomato Countryman

Depending on the region of cultivation of the variety, sowing its seeds to obtain seedlings stretches from mid-March to early April.

In this case, it is taken into account that, on average, about 100 days pass from the moment of seed germination to harvest.
In regions with a warmer climate, it is practiced to sow seeds directly into open ground.

This usually occurs in early May, when the soil warms up enough and the threat of frost is sharply reduced.

Growing features

Since this tomato variety is picky about the fertility of the soil, when sowing seeds and planting seedlings in the ground, special attention is paid to the quality of the substrate in containers and the soil in the open air.

Growing seedlings

For sowing seeds, it is best to use a professionally prepared substrate purchased from specialized retail outlets. But it is quite possible to independently make a high-quality soil mixture, for which they combine:

  • 1 part garden soil
  • 2 parts peat
  • 1 part compost or humus
  • 0.5 parts of sand
  • 1 cup of wood ash for each bucket of soil mixture.

Important! In no case should you use garden soil from areas where nightshade plants grew before to make a substrate.

The resulting substrate must be disinfected by calcining in the oven or processing with a pink manganese solution. Then containers are filled with soil mixture in the form:

  • wooden or plastic boxes with low sides
  • plastic sowing containers
  • plastic, cardboard or peat pots.

In addition, seeds can be sown in special peat or coconut washers, which contain all the components necessary for the growth of seedlings.

Sow seed material to a depth of no more than 2 cm, sprinkle the seeds with a substrate and moisten it from a spray bottle with warm water.

Then, to create a greenhouse effect, the containers are covered with plastic wrap and placed in a place with a stable temperature of at least + 25 ° C.

After the seeds germinate, the film is removed from the containers, and they themselves are transferred to the most illuminated place, where daylight hours should last at least half a day. In this case, the temperature should be within + 16 ... + 18 ° С with a humidity of 70%.

As the upper soil layer dries up, the seedlings should be watered with warm water. 2 weeks before planting seedlings in open ground, they should be hardened. To do this, it is taken out into fresh air for a short time, constantly increasing it.

Immediately before planting in a permanent place, the seedlings should spend at least 1 day in the open air.

Preparing a site for planting seedlings

At about two months of age, the seedlings are transferred to a permanent place of growth. By this time, the soil should warm up to at least + 16 ° С, and the threat of frost should be steadily avoided.

The site for planting seedlings is selected on the sunny side, protected from strong winds. The soil should never be acidic.

In addition, you should pay attention to the predecessors that were previously cultivated in this area.

Read more about how to plant tomato seedlings outdoors.

Useful if it was previously provided:

  • zucchini
  • pumpkins
  • watermelons
  • cabbage
  • corn
  • parsley
  • legumes
  • beets
  • radish.

Tomatoes should not be planted where solanaceous crops previously grew, represented by:

  • pepper
  • eggplant
  • potatoes
  • physalis.

Important! It is highly discouraged to plant tomatoes for more than 3 years in the same place.

The soil for seedlings is prepared in advance in the fall. To do this, the site is dug up, while introducing 7 kg of organic fertilizers in the form of bird droppings or cow dung for each m². Immediately before planting seedlings of the tomato variety Zemlyak, the soil is enriched with phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen substances, as well as magnesium and fluorine.

Seedling planting technology

When half a dozen true leaves appear on the seedling sprouts, it is ready for planting in a permanent place. Since the bushes of the Zemlyak tomato variety are compact, they can be placed on 1 m² up to 6 units, but no more.

The best option is staggered planting with a distance of 0.45 m between bushes and 0.7 m between rows.

The holes are dug to a depth that is slightly greater than the height of peat cups with seedlings or an earthen clod if the seedlings are removed from a plastic or clay container. After planting the seedlings, it is watered, and the soil is mulched.

Features of variety care

Being an unpretentious variety, the Countryman is especially demanding only for regular watering. Nevertheless, fertilizing with fertilizers, loosening the soil, preventing diseases directly affect the increase in crop yields.

Fertilizers and watering

For the first time after planting seedlings in the soil, the plants are watered after about 2 weeks. Until the very moment of the formation of inflorescences, watering is carried out weekly, during which half a bucket of water is poured under each bush.

During the flowering stage, characterized by increased moisture consumption, the irrigation intensity increases up to 4 times a week with the same amount of water during each irrigation. When the fruits begin to ripen, the weekly irrigation regime begins again.

The best option for irrigation is drip, which is actively used in large vegetable farms. In summer cottages and rural backyards, a simple pouring of water directly under the root of the plant is most often used.

In this case, you should not allow water to enter the leaf surface of the bushes.

During the growing season, tomatoes are fed with fertilizers 3 times. At the stage of recruiting green mass by bushes, they most of all need nitrogen, which is present in sufficient quantities in organic fertilizers such as mullein or bird droppings.

When flowers and the first ovaries appear, the plant already requires more potassium and phosphorus, which in the form of potassium salt and superphosphate are delivered to the plant by applying dressings directly to the soil or by foliar feeding by spraying fertilizers onto the green mass.

After a few weeks, this top dressing should be repeated.

Video: Top dressing of tomatoes during flowering

It is impractical to feed the plant during flowering and ripening of fruits with organic matter containing a lot of nitrogen, since this stimulates the development of foliage to the detriment of flowering and weight gain by fruits. Mineral fertilizers are often supplemented or even replaced with wood ash infusion on water.

Grasshopping and bush formation

Tomato variety Zemlyak, belonging to a determinant species and forming low and compact bushes, practically does not need either their formation, or pinching, or a garter.

Loosening the soil and weeding

Tomato bushes must be freed from the neighborhood of weeds, which not only deprive the cultivated plant of nutrients, but can also act as transmitters of infections and breeding grounds for pests. Therefore, weeding is carried out at least once every 2 weeks. Usually they are combined with loosening the soil, which facilitates the access of oxygen to the root system.

In addition, to prevent the formation of a crust on the soil, which prevents the respiration of the root system, loosening of the soil must be done after each watering and the last rain. It should be borne in mind that the roots of the tomato come close to the surface of the ground, so loosening must be done carefully.

To improve the temperature and humidity conditions in the root system, the soil around the bush is mulched.

Diseases and pests

Although the plants of this variety are quite resistant to tomato diseases, nevertheless, the compatriot tomatoes are completely not immune from diseases inherent in nightshade crops, and are not immune from pest attacks. Sometimes they are amazed:

  • late blight, manifested by the appearance of dark dots on the green mass and on the fruits, which is fought by spraying the bush with copper sulfate or 3% Bordeaux liquid, as well as preparations: "Hom", "Polychom", Oxyhom "

Learn how to treat late blight tomatoes with boric acid.

  • white and gray rot, characterized by putrefactive spots on the tomato stalk, fight against the source of which fungicides represented by Topsin, Azocene and Horus, as well as the biological product Fitosporin
  • fusarium, causing wilting of leaves on the entire bush, for the fight against which the drug "Hom" is used, and also the bushes are spud high
  • alternaria, manifested by the appearance of brown spots on the underside of the leaves, to combat which drugs are used in the form of "Tattu", "Consento" or "Antracol"
  • bacterial spotting, affecting the leaves and fruits and ultimately destroying the entire plant, which is fought by spraying the bushes with Bordeaux liquid and copper sulfate, and also feeding the plants with products containing copper and nitrogen.

    Also, the compatriot's tomatoes can be attacked by pests in the form of:

    • whitefly
    • aphids
    • bear
    • thrips
    • whitefly
    • Colorado potato beetle
    • gall midges.

    The main preventive measure against these pests is deterrent agents in the form of:

    • chamomile broth
    • wood ash
    • decoction of celandine
    • tobacco dust
    • decoction of yarrow.

    Combat pests with various insecticides.

    Harvesting and storage

    Approximately 100 days after the seed germination, you can already harvest the tomato variety Zemlyak, which reaches 18 kg per 1 m². Moreover, you can harvest the fruits until the very first frosts. It is best to remove tomatoes from the bush in the early morning, when the fruits are at their maximum elasticity.

    These tomatoes, as already noted, are distinguished by good keeping quality. Fresh, placed in a wooden box in 3 layers, they can be stored for up to a month.

    Collected unripe, they are able to quickly ripen indoors, and the presence or absence of lighting does not affect this process in any way.

    Tomatoes of the Zemlyak variety have gained great prestige among vegetable growers not only for their ability to grow and yield in open ground almost everywhere, except for permafrost, but also for their high gastronomic qualities, along with undemanding over care.


    Watch the video: January: Ripe tomatoes in May? An option to grow early tomatoes