The plant Bowiea is one of the many members of the hyacinth family. This bulbous plant naturally occurs in the desert territories of Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe. In nature, a favorite habitat is along river banks, under shrubs or trees.
Boviaja has many other interesting names. So it is often called sea cucumber or creeping onion, curly cucumber. It is worth remembering that for all the beauty of its appearance, this plant is very poisonous. Its juice contains glycosides with a strong cardiotonic effect.
In its kind, bovieya is represented by only one species - bovieya curly... This bulbous plant belongs to the herbaceous species. The bulb can reach about 30 cm in diameter, the root system is large and branched. The bulb itself is covered with scales that protect it from damage, light green in color. The shape is slightly flattened. The stems are creeping, they can twist randomly or hang down like an ampelous plant, long. The leaves are small and grow only in young specimens. At the end of the season, the leaves are replaced by peduncles. If you break the shoot, then at the place of the break you can see a slimy pulp, similar to the pulp of a cucumber.
The peduncle is quite long - about 3 m, its width is about 5 mm. The flowers are inconspicuous, white with a green-yellow tint.
The boviei is characterized by a long period of rest, which can last up to 6 months. At this time, the entire aboveground part of the plant dries up and dies off. Only the bulbs remain alive. The peduncle and shoots are of considerable length, therefore, when caring for the bovia at home, the plant definitely needs props.
Even under natural conditions, it was noted that each individual specimen of boviei has its own period of active growth and dormancy. When growing a plant at home, these periods change along with changes in temperature.
Boovia home care
Location and lighting
Bovieya needs bright diffused light. Direct sun exposure to the stems will lead to their death. Also, direct sunlight is harmful to the bulbs of the plant. Improper lighting will lead to a violation of the change in the periods of growth and dormancy of the plant.
In spring and summer, the ambient temperature should not be in the range of 20-25 degrees. At higher rates, the boviea will stop growing and developing. In autumn and winter, it is kept at 10-15 degrees. In the cold season, the bovieya is in a dormant period, so watering is stopped completely. If you grow bovia in winter at temperatures from 18 to 22 degrees, then the dormant period for it will not come, the plant will not drop the aboveground part.
Bovieya tolerates dry indoor air well and does not need additional spraying or high humidity.
During the period of active growth and development, watering the boviei is carried out only when the soil in the pot is completely dry. In winter and autumn, when the plant sheds the aerial part, watering is stopped completely. In the spring, with the appearance of new young shoots and awakening, watering is resumed in small portions through the pan. When watering overhead, it is important to ensure that moisture does not get onto the bulbs.
The soil for planting boviei should be loose and well moisture and air permeable. The bulbs are buried in the ground by about a third. You can buy a mixture for planting or prepare it yourself from the ratio of 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of sod land and 1 part of sand. In order to prevent the plant bulbs from rotting, a drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the pot.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Bovieia is one of the plant species that does not need frequent feeding. It will be sufficient to apply fertilizers 2-3 times for the entire season of active growth. For this, a mineral universal complex fertilizer is suitable.
Bovia only needs replanting when the bulbs have completely filled the pot. The new container should be much larger than its bulb.
Reproduction of boviei
There are several ways to reproduce boviei: seeds, babies and bulbous scales.
Mature boviae seeds are black, smooth and shiny. Their length is about 2-4 mm. When choosing this method of reproduction, you need to take into account that the plant will grow very slowly. To plant seeds, you will need a small greenhouse with good lighting and bottom heating. The seeds are sown at the end of January. Before planting, the seeds must be held for about 10 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Soaked seeds are planted in wet sand, it is not worth deepening much (the layer of sand on top should not be larger than the diameter of the seeds).
Such a greenhouse must be regularly sprayed and ventilated. The temperature of its content is 20-22 degrees. The seedling from each seed is presented as one sprout. As the seed grows, it should fall off on its own from the top. If you remove it ahead of time, then the sprout will not have time to take all the nutrients from the seed. In this case, the plant will most likely die. The process of development of the sprout is as follows: first, the sprout itself develops, and when it reaches a height of about 12-15 cm, then the bulb will begin to develop. The first flowering of a seed-grown bovie can be observed only in the second year of life.
Reproduction by children
The adult boviei bulb begins to divide as it grows. Daughter bulbs germinate under the mother scales, which can be successfully separated for further cultivation.
Propagation by bulbous scales
When boviei propagate with bulbous scales, they are separated from the adult bulb. Each flake is cut across into pieces about 3 cm wide. Then they must be dried at room temperature. Germinate the flakes in a damp plastic bag or placed on damp soil. After about a month, small bulbs appear, and after another 2 months they take root as an independent plant. The bulbous scales itself will dry out by that time.
Diseases and pests
Bovieya in indoor conditions is almost never affected by pests or diseases (fungal or viral). But with excessive watering, the plant will become vulnerable to damage from various rot. This is especially true of her bulbs.
Any manipulation with the plant must be carried out in compliance with all precautions. Every part of the boviea, from the bulb to the leaves, is poisonous. The poison has a damaging effect on the cardiovascular system. In contact with the skin, it causes severe irritation. When a poison enters the body, a person has symptoms such as vomiting and nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. The pulse slows down. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, it is so important to immediately consult a doctor and name the cause of the poisoning. It is forbidden to work with the plant without using gloves!
These 9 exotic plants can be grown at home
Are you ready to replace your favorite begonias or regular ivy in the kitchen, living room or office with other, more exotic flowers? The world of houseplants is much broader than the choices at your local store. Huge flower centers make you believe it. With online plant suppliers and the well-coordinated work of flower shop staff who constantly monitor remote areas looking for new specimens for our homes, you can grow specimens that are usually only found in places like Madagascar or South Africa. While these specimens are unusual, even rare, they are no more difficult to grow indoors than any other indoor plant.
Bocarnea (Beaucarnea), or nolina (Nolina), belongs to the Asparagus family. In nature, it grows alongside cacti in the hot and arid regions of America. The plant has received the nickname "elephant's leg" due to its unusual appearance.
With good lighting and proper care, the base of its trunk turns into a huge pot-bellied "bottle" - there it stores a supply of water and nutrients. The top of the plant is decorated with a long lush hair of leaves. In its general appearance, it vaguely resembles a dracaena.
Liliaceae family. Widely distributed in the USA and Great Britain.
Exotic plant families lily... It is classified as a bottle-maker due to its shape trunk, ground onion, in which nutrients and water accumulate. Its extraordinary appearance attracts lovers exotic, and more and more florists bovia is grown, using it to formulate compositions in combination with other plants. Bovieya is a bulbous plant. The large bulb is half above the ground. In winter, weak curly grow out of it stemsreaching a length of 1 to 2 m and branching at the ends. In spring, small stems appear on bare stems. leaves and greenish flowers, which do not represent any decorative value, which soon die off.
Stirring: Bovieya prefers bright rooms with moderate temperatures. Feels good when the temperature drops to 12 ° C. When containing this plants in the world should not be allowed to hit direct sunlight, since thin and weak stems bovieis are extremely sensitive to them and can get burned.
Care: It is tender plant is at the same time very unpretentious. Moderate watering is enough for most of the year. In winter, before the stems appear, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is always moist. After withering away leaves and flowers watering must be stopped, since throughout the summer the boviea is dormant. Plant does not require spraying and frequent feeding. IN soil, in which the bovieya grows, it is enough to apply a complex mineral fertilizer once every two months. During the period of active growth, babies appear on the large bulb, and, as they fill the container, it is necessary to transplant. Soil mix for boviei should not be too heavy: two parts of leaf, one part of sod land and one part of sand. When transplanting, you need to arrange a good drainage so that the roots do not sour.
Reproduction: Bovieya breeds small baby bulbsseparated from the maternal during the transplant. Not planted baby bulbs can be stored in a cool dark place.
GEMANTUS: LANDING AND CARE
The "deer tongue" settled on my windowsill. This is what the people call this interesting bulbous plant.
Gemantus are native to South Africa. Translated from the Greek Gemantus - "bloody flower", he received this name due to the fact that most members of the genus have rich red flowers. But among lovers of indoor plants, the white-flowered hemantus (Haemanthus albiflos) is more popular - a very effective and fairly simple plant to maintain.
Wide, dense, oval, slightly pubescent at the edges of the leaves (because of which he received the nickname "deer tongue") are arranged in a dense fan. Usually there are few of them - from two to six. The height of the plant is 20-25 cm. It grows slowly, usually only two new leaves grow in a year. Old leaves die off, and the bulb gradually thickens and reaches 6-8 cm in an adult plant. The flowering of white-flowered hemantus is very interesting - the inflorescence on a thick peduncle looks like a bowl full of snow-white stamens with yellow pollen. In adult plants, 2-3 peduncles may appear. Hemantus blooms usually in late summer or early autumn.
The plant is photophilous, but does not like direct sunlight at the height of summer - the tips of the leaves can burn and dry out. The ideal place for him is the east or west window. On the southern window, the hemantus must be shaded. Watering is plentiful in summer, but the soil must dry out between waterings. Two or three times during the growing season (from May to September), hemantus can be fed with complex fertilizer for bulbous crops. In winter, it is desirable for the plant to provide a period of relative dormancy at a temperature of + 15-18 degrees, with more rare watering.
Once every two to three years, at the beginning of spring, it is advisable to transplant the hemantus. The plant prefers loose and nutritious soil. I mix two parts of turf and one part of coarse sand. You can add some peat to this mixture. At the bottom of the pot I pour a layer of drainage (expanded clay or fine gravel), then the soil, I install the bulb, evenly distributing the roots, and I fill it up about a third of the height. The pot should not be too wide or too deep. A container with a diameter of twice to three times the diameter of the onion can be recommended. There must be holes for the drainage of excess water: the roots of the hemantus are sensitive to moisture stagnation in the soil and can rot, especially if the plant is standing in a cool room or in a draft.
Reproduction of hemantus
Reproduction of hemantus is not difficult. At the base of an adult bulb, small baby bulbs regularly appear, which can be easily separated from the mother plant and rooted in separate pots. Young plants usually bloom in the 3-4th year.
Hemantus can also be propagated by seeds - juicy red fruits are often tied after flowering (the plant is prone to self-pollination) and ripen in about three months, by the beginning of winter.
White-flowered Gemantus is quite resistant to pests. Sometimes it can be attacked by aphids, worms, spider mites. In this case, I treat the plant with appropriate preparations. With regular waterlogging, especially in combination with low temperatures, rotting of the roots and the bulbs themselves is possible.
© Inna BAYRACHNAYA, Minsk. Photo by the author and Elena KHOMICH
4 easy ways to breed succulents: a step-by-step guide
Breeding from cubs or shoots / shoots
Find the plants that gave birth to babies or shoots. Puppies and shoots are babies that grow from a mother plant. Not all succulents produce offspring or offspring. Many types of succulents do this, including chickens and chickens, aloe, and some types of haworthia and cacti.
Disinfect the knife. Use a sharp knife that has been cleaned or disinfected. You can do this by washing your face with warm soapy water or rubbing with rubbing alcohol. Be careful to disinfect each time you make an incision by rubbing the knife with rubbing alcohol to avoid fungal or disease infections.
Find the offshoots or puppies you want to remove. Once the shoots or puppy are large enough or start to root, they can be removed from the mother plant. When removing the puppy, try to put down roots. You can remove a puppy without roots, but you will do better with a puppy that already has roots growing. Puppies or offspring without roots will eventually take root, but puppies and offspring with existing roots are more likely to survive on their own.
Delete branch. You can use a clean knife to gently remove the puppy or the mother plant's shoots. Some shoots or puppies are easier to remove than others. Sometimes they can be separated by gently unscrewing the puppy. Other times, you need to use a sharp tool to remove the puppy.Carefully separate the baby plant from the mother plant by inserting a knife blade between the mother plant and the shoot. Slowly separate the puppy from the mother plant and cut off the connecting root. If you are taking the puppy out of the soil, insert a knife blade into the soil between the mother plant and the shoot. Slide the blade along the ground to cut off the connecting roots. Cut a 2-inch radius in the soil around the base of the branch, then dig a few inches below the radial setting using the sharp end of a small shovel. Insert the shovel at an angle under the shoots and carefully lift it out of the soil to remove.
Plant the puppy - Once the puppy is removed, you can plant it yourself.