Raspberry varieties are constantly being improved: the size of the berries increases, the resistance to diseases increases, and the yield of bushes grows. For pickers of delicate fruits, the appearance of thornless varieties is important, because it is often necessary to leave the summer cottage with scratched hands and feet during the berry picking season. Joan Jay raspberries fully meet the most picky requirements for yield and quality of fruits.
The history of growing raspberries by Joan J.
British philosophy is reflected in the saying: If you want to be happy for a week - get married, for a month - slaughter a pig, if you want to be happy all your life - plant a garden. Ten years ago, a raspberry was created with exceptional characteristics: fruitful, with an amazing bright aroma and free from thorns. Authorship belongs to Jenning Derek, a gardener from Scotland. With the speed of good news, Joan J has spread from the British Isles to Chile, finding a loyal following among connoisseurs and growers of the delicate berry.
The raspberry bush is strewn with berries of varying degrees of ripeness - which means a fragrant dessert for every day is provided
Description of the variety
The bushes are not tall, reaching a height of one to 1.3 meters. The stems are powerful, thick, devoid of thorns. More than five fruit branches up to 50 cm long depart from each shoot. According to gardeners, Joan Jay's raspberries are self-fertile. Even in the first year after planting, it is capable of producing more than 60 berries from a branch.
At first glance, nondescript flowers conceal the embryo of a fragrant sweet and sour berry
The fruits are large. During the season, Joan Jay berries do not grow smaller, unlike other large-fruited varieties. Average weight 6–8 g. The skin is dense, colored in a rich ruby color. The taste is sweet and sour with a pronounced aroma. Highly appreciated by the tasters.
The berry is easily separated from the fruit. When ripe, it does not crumble for almost a week. Well transported, but not stored for long. Therefore, the fruits are recommended to be consumed fresh, used in canning and frozen.
The funny light tip of the raspberry shows the degree of ripeness. For their own use, they take fully colored berries, and for transportation, you can collect fruits with a lighter tip.
The light tip of the berry is an indicator of the marketable ripeness of the fruit
Characteristics of the variety
The plant is of the remontant type, that is, it yields on both annual and two-year shoots. The variety is fruitful: with competent agricultural technology, you can collect 5 kg from a bush. Gardeners note that up to 80 berries are laid on lateral branches already in the first year after planting.
Joan Jay raspberries are unpretentious and drought tolerant, but may not tolerate temperatures below –16 ° C. Disease resistant, not affected by pests.
The peculiarity of remontant varieties is that the berries begin to ripen on them when the main insect pests are already preparing for winter and do not pose a threat to raspberries.
Joan Jay Raspberry Advantages:
- lack of thorns;
- large berries;
- pronounced aroma and pleasant taste of the fruit;
- transportability of berries;
- small bush size;
- long-term fruiting (from July to October);
- drought resistance;
- unpretentious care;
- self-fertility and the ability to bear fruit in the first year after planting.
Disadvantages of the variety:
- due to the abundance of fruits, the branches bend strongly, therefore they need a garter;
- when pruning shoots at the root, the next year's harvest ripens in early August;
- the bushes are gluttonous due to prolonged fruiting, and if grown for 2 crops, all the more they need regular feeding;
- does not withstand severe frosts without shelter.
Video: Joan Jay's raspberry crop is ripening
Features of planting and growing raspberries Joan Jay
Before you start planting, you need to decide on a place for raspberries. Choose sunny, windless areas with light, well-drained soil. In a row between the bushes, gaps of 60 cm are left, the distance between the rows is 80 cm or a meter. Seedlings are purchased only from reliable suppliers to be sure of the variety.
Good quality seedlings will ensure future harvest
The Joan Jay variety is considered promising, therefore large areas are already allocated for it. Planting is arranged from north to south, in this case, the bushes receive the greatest illumination during the day. Since the shoots of this variety of raspberries can droop strongly, it is worthwhile to think over the arrangement of the trellises in advance.
The presence of trellises makes it easier to care for bushes and harvest
Given the tendency of the variety to give numerous shoots, some summer residents use insulating barriers when planting. For example, you can limit the raspberry tree to sheets of slate, digging it in half a meter deep.
To create a raspberry tree, you can choose both spring and autumn. Landing is done as follows:
- Dig a hole 45-50 cm deep.
- If the soil is clayey, the top fertile layer is separated, and the clay is removed from the site.
- At the bottom of the hole, plant residues, last year's leaves, branches are poured.
- From above, fertile black soil with sand is poured 15–20 cm in a ratio of 2: 1.
- Fertilizers are added to the next layer:
- humus (added in the same ratio as sand);
- ash (filled at the rate of 500 ml for each bush).
- mineral, containing potassium and phosphorus (add 1 tbsp. l for each plant):
- potassium nitrate;
- potassium sulfate;
When planting, it is advisable to use granular fertilizers, they are better absorbed.
Joan Jay's raspberry planting scheme: 1 - seedling; 2 - insulating barrier; 3 - nutritious soil mixture; 4 - clean soil; 5 - a layer of soil with plant residues
- A seedling is placed in the center of the hole and the soil is poured so as to deepen the roots by 5-10 cm. This stimulates the formation of new lateral shoots.
The seedling is placed in the planting pit, carefully spreading the roots
- The soil is watered abundantly with warm water.
Seedlings are watered at the rate of 5 liters of water for each
- The trunk circle is mulched, since raspberries do not tolerate weeds. In addition, mulch helps to retain moisture.
After absorbing moisture, the soil around the seedlings is mulched with hay or straw
Video: Joan Jay's autumn planting of raspberries
Watering and feeding
Raspberry is a well-known waterbridge. And the remontant and long-term fruiting Joan Jay especially needs recharge. Modern irrigation methods save water and provide each bush with precious moisture thanks to drip irrigation.
Modern irrigation methods are efficient and economical
Gardeners also note the need to feed plants during the growing season. The bushes respond best to the introduction of slurry or chicken manure infusion. Overripe cow dung is diluted in a ratio of 1 kg per 10 liters of water, and chicken manure is diluted at the rate of 1 kg per 20 liters of water. Top dressing is applied three times per season:
- in early spring;
- during the beginning of flowering;
- at the end of summer.
Foliar dressing gives a good effect, for example, spraying the bushes with ash infusion:
- Half a liter of ash is poured into 5 liters of water and left for three days, stirring occasionally.
- The infusion is filtered and sprayed with plantings.
- The sediment is filled into the soil.
You can simply add dry ash to the trunk circle. But spraying with infusion will not only nourish the plants with potassium, but will also help fight pests.
There is an important rule that novice gardeners should remember: nitrogen fertilizers (nitrophoska, nitroammofoska, azofoska, urea and ammonium nitrate) stimulate the growth of green mass, so they are applied only in early spring. And phosphorus and potassium mineral compounds (superphosphate, potassium sulfate) are used throughout the growing season. There is also a number of complex fertilizers, the use time of which is indicated in the instructions for use. In addition, the necessary fertilizing for the bushes is supplied by the mulch from the cut grass, which, when overheated, gives both moisture and organic compounds.
With proper care - dressing and watering - you can enjoy juicy fragrant fruits until late autumn.
There is an opinion among gardeners that berries caught in frost have a particularly bright taste.
Experienced gardeners recommend that you take your time with pruning shoots from remontant varieties of raspberries. The bush must have time to pick up nutrients from the aerial parts of the plant, which means that they start pruning with the establishment of persistent cold weather when the foliage falls. While the leaves are green, raspberries still store nutrients.
Unfortunately, when growing remontant raspberries, from year to year, I received an insignificant harvest of exceptionally tasty large berries, watching with pain how most of the fruits go into winter. For some reason, the simple thought of pruning the bushes and subsequent intensive nutrition of raspberries did not become dominant in my head, full of worries about the garden. And the reason for this is not clear: is it a residual principle by which you pay attention to this culture when all other fruits and vegetables are used, or a disgusting belief that raspberries are essentially a weed, they themselves are able to survive in any conditions. After many years and tens of kilograms of lost berries, you come to a reassessment of priorities. Now I don't need to be convinced that raspberries require delicate handling, careful care, competent fertilization and high-quality watering. This delicate berry gratefully responds to the cleanliness around, and the top dressing and moisture make its exquisite ruby-red fruits a valuable supplier of vitamins.
After removing the above-ground part of the bush, you need to protect the root zone with a layer of mulch. Raspberry roots are superficial and need shelter in the absence of sufficient snow cover. A layer of mulch from plant residues will also serve as the first top dressing after the snow melts for the next year.
Video: how to trim remontant raspberries
Although Joan Jay's raspberries are not very hardy, in the southern regions, where last year's shoots are left for an early harvest, there are rarely frosts below -16 ° C in winter. And in central Russia, it is recommended, after the establishment of cold weather, to cut the bush at the root.
To bring the harvest closer, you can leave the annual shoots on several bushes without mowing, and cut the rest radically. Thus, next year you can get an early harvest in July from last year's shoots, and the main long-term fruiting will be provided by the shoots of this year. At the same time, it is important to cover the left bushes from the cold with a non-woven material, mulch the trunk circle with humus and plant residues.
English gardeners have distinguished themselves by smooth lawns, which they cut for three hundred years. But cutting the grass is not their only occupation: graceful roses are the constant pride of the gardens of Albion. And the unique taste of Joan Jay raspberries, obtained by British breeders, recalls another British tradition - tea drinking, flaunting in the form of jam on our tables.
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Raspberry variety Joan J (Joan J)
Not so long ago, remontant varieties of raspberries became a real discovery for our gardeners, allowing them to see, and not only see - and eat plenty of berries, and even prepare them for future use in the year of planting. Repairers are greatly simplified in care and do not have problems with wintering, pests, diseases that have accumulated over the season - they cut it out after fruiting in the fall under "zero", and that's all, in the spring new powerful stems will crawl out of the ground. But I still wanted something more from them. Eh, if the thorns hadn't been there yet ... the summer residents sighed sadly, remembering the scratched hands in the battle for the harvest of delicious berries. And they smiled sadly, realizing that these were only crimson fantasies ...
And so completely unexpected and revolutionary news, which immediately awakened the desire to possess this "miracle", was the appearance of the first studless remontant - Joan J. This "Briton" entered our market about 5-6 years ago, and many people who grow him still have him as their favorites.
Let's take a closer look at the history of its creation and characteristics in order to better understand why it is so popular, except for the absence of thorns.
This variety does not require any special tricks when planting. Of course, you need to choose a location that is well lit. Joan Jay's raspberry variety, like all of its brethren, loves the sun. The distance between the planting pits is 50-70 cm. The distance between the rows is 1.5-2 m.
- dig a landing hole
- pour half a bucket of high-quality humus
- install seedlings in the planting hole
- sprinkle seedlings with soil up to the root collar.
That, in fact, is all. Take note right away, each bush will give up to 15 shoots, so prepare a support. Convenient and effective use of galvanized wire trellis:
- wire diameter - 4-5 m
- distance between posts - 4 m
- wire attachment height - 0.75 and 1 m.
Raspberry care tips
In order for raspberry seedlings to bear fruit well, they will have to be properly looked after.
Joan Jay is considered a drought tolerant variety, and therefore some people think that it should be rarely watered. However, without enough moisture, the development of the bushes and the ripening of the berries will be slow. Therefore, it is recommended to wet the soil once a week. At the same time, 8-10 liters of water is poured under each seedling.
Pruning is considered the most important factor in caring for raspberry bushes. Shortening Joan Jay must be practiced at least twice a season. The first preventive pruning is done in the spring. During this period, weak and frozen shoots are cut. In the fall, the stems that have ceased to bear fruit are cut off.
During the growing season, it is necessary to fertilize raspberries. Experts recommend adding more liquid manure, as plants respond well to it. Also, to increase the yield, a feed mixture from chicken manure is added.
Preparation for wintering
Before the onset of winter frosts, pruning is carried out, during which weak shoots are removed. Then you need to cover the seedlings to protect them from frost. To do this, dry tree branches and fallen leaves are spread on the surface of the soil.
Raspberry Joan Jay is resistant to diseases and insect pests, but if not kept properly, it is prone to diseases that are characteristic of any variety of raspberries. The most common:
- purple spot affecting stems
- gray mold that destroys berries
- mosaic striking the leaves.
Disease control consists in treating plants with Bordeaux liquid. The first time the treatment is carried out in the spring, when the shoots grow up to 20 cm, the second time this procedure is necessary before flowering. Among the pests of raspberries, the Joan G varieties are the most common:
- raspberry sawfly
- raspberry flea
- raspberry fly
- raspberry stem gall midge.
The diseased parts of the plant should be cut and burned. To prevent the attack of pests, one of the insecticides is used: Fufanon, Kemifos, Aktellik, Kinmiks, Inta-Vir.
Processing is carried out before flowering and after harvesting. In addition to spraying, summer residents practice measures aimed at preventing diseases:
- thinning of thickened plantings
- regular weeding
- systematic use of fertilizers
- planting quality seedlings
- periodic cutting of affected branches.
Additionally, you can get acquainted with Joan G. (Jay) raspberries by watching the video: