When and how to plant mountain ash correctly?

When and how to plant mountain ash correctly?

Rowan is a tall, hardy tree with bright orange-red fruits. The berries are astringent, bitter in taste, but their appearance attracts many birds, so mountain ash is an excellent protection for other crops. In addition, you can plant and transplant wild mountain ash dug out of the forest.

Dates of autumn planting

The autumn planting time is determined by the climate of the area where the mountain ash will grow:

  • In the central region, the best period will be mid-September - mid-October.
  • In southern latitudes, it is best to plant rowan from early October to early November.
  • In the northern regions, the entire September - early October will be an acceptable period.
  • For Siberia and the Urals, autumn planting is most suitable, because spring in these areas is not stable, there is a risk of frost or, on the contrary, extreme heat. At the same time, autumn runs with a comfortable temperature regime and sufficient rainfall.

Rowan, like other trees, is recommended to be planted after leaf fall.

If the planting dates were missed, then the seedling must be saved until spring. In this case, use one of the three existing methods:

  1. Basement storage:
  • The roots of the seedling are dipped into a container with wet peat, sand and sawdust.
  • The room should have comfortable conditions (air temperature from 0 to +10 degrees and 85-90% humidity)
  • Once a week, the root system is additionally moistened.
  1. Digging in:
  • A deep hole is dug on the site and the roots of the seedling are placed there at an angle of 45 degrees.
  • Then it is buried using a moistened mixture of sand and peat.
  1. Snowing:
  • The seedling must be wrapped with a damp cloth and buried in this state in the snow. In this case, the optimum temperature for it will be maintained.

Using the latter method, you need to ensure that the seedling does not bare, and the layer of snow always remains thick.

Pros and cons of autumn planting

  • In the fall, you can buy seedlings at a reduced price.
  • Also, during this period, the planting material will be fresh, so you can appreciate its health and condition, both foliage and root system.
  • Planting in autumn will be much less of a hassle; the gardener will be relieved of the need to constantly check the soil moisture level. Nature will do all the work for him.
  • Young trees planted this season will start to grow 2-3 weeks earlier than with spring planting.
  • Also, many summer residents are attracted by the prospect of saving time. In autumn, there are not many things to do in the garden, which cannot be said about the spring period, when there will be a lot of trouble.
  • Due to winter frosts, both the root system and the tree itself can freeze.
  • Also, strong winds can affect the health of red mountain ash, which will break off young branches.
  • Another disadvantage is considered to be the attacks of rodents, which can damage the tree in late autumn.

How to plant rowan - important rules

In order for the autumn planting to be successful and the mountain ash to take root in a new place, experienced gardeners recommend adhering to several basic rules:

  1. The planting material must be in perfect condition, if the roots begin to curl, then such a tree will take root worse and must be planted before the cold weather.
  2. If the seedling was purchased with a closed root system or a special net, then you do not need to get rid of them.
  3. If you miss the timing of the autumn planting, it is better to postpone the procedure to the spring.
  4. Do not overdo it with the amount of fertilizer applied.

You can not use manure as a top dressing, it can burn and damage the young root system.

  1. A small tree needs to be prepared for cold weather.
  2. It is advisable to tie the rowan planted in the fall to a support so that it does not sway and break during a strong wind.

How to plant rowan in autumn?

Autumn planting differs from spring planting in many respects. In order for a mountain ash, planted before the onset of cold weather, to take root in a new place and grow well, you must adhere to the time-tested rules.

Selection of seedlings

Before you start planting, you need to purchase a quality seedling.

  • The root system should be moist, without visible damage, with 3-4 main branches and a length of 25-30 centimeters.
  • The presence of shriveled bark indicates that the planting material has been overdried.
  • The crown must also be well developed, the presence of the main conductor and main branches is very important.

During transportation, the roots of the seedling are wrapped with a damp cloth and placed in a plastic bag.

Preparing a seedling for planting:

  • Before planting, it is necessary to remove all dry and damaged branches, the same rule applies to the roots of the tree.
  • For the best moisture, the root system of the seedling is placed in a clay mash for 2-3 hours.

In order for all the strength of the tree to go to growth and survival in a new place, it is necessary to remove all green foliage.

Selecting and preparing a site for planting or replanting a tree

Rowan is famous for its unpretentiousness and the ability to take root on various soils. But in order for the tree to grow and bear fruit better, the following conditions are met:

  1. The best option would be loamy or sandy loam soil.
  2. The soil should be loose and neutral; expanded clay drainage is encouraged.
  3. Rowan is very fond of sunlight, so it is better to choose an area that is not shaded.
  4. The soil must be well moistened.
  5. It is desirable that the groundwater level be below 1.5 meters, but mountain ash also tolerates a closer location.

Rowan is planted at a distance of 4-5 meters from other trees. Approximately 2-3 weeks before planting the seedling, it is necessary to prepare the planting hole, it should have time to infuse.

  1. The depth of the pit is 40-50 centimeters, the width will depend on the size of the root system of the seedling.
  2. The fertile soil layer is mixed with:

A bucket of compost or humus;

150 grams of superphosphate;

300 grams of wood ash.

  1. The resulting mixture is poured into one third of the pit.
  2. Then half of it is filled with barren soil.

Planting rowan in open ground:

  1. Before planting, a bucket of water is poured into the prepared hole and wait until it is absorbed.
  2. Then a seedling is placed there, which needs to be carefully spread out the roots.
  3. The root collar should be 5-7 centimeters above ground level.
  4. When filling the hole, it is recommended to lightly shake the tree to fill all air pockets.
  5. After the rowan is planted, the soil around the tree trunk is carefully tamped and watered thoroughly.
  6. At the final stage, you need to mulch the tree trunk circle with humus or peat.

Care after landing

In order for a tree to form correctly and grow strong and healthy, it must be properly looked after in the first years of life. To do this, adhere to the following rules:

  • The first 2-3 years the mountain ash is not fertilized, because it will have enough nutrients introduced during planting. An exception will be nitrogen fertilizers that stimulate tree growth. They can be made from 2 years of planting.
  • During watering, 2-3 buckets of water are consumed per rowan. The tree is watered 4-5 times per season; in the presence of abundant summer rainfall, only spring and autumn watering can be left. After each application of moisture, the soil must be mulched.

Rowan is watered along the furrows or using special grooves.

  • In the autumn, the soil around the trunk is dug to a depth of 10-15 centimeters. Throughout the season, the ground near the tree should be kept clean and loose.

How to prepare red rowan for winter

A newly planted tree will not have time to fully grow stronger before the onset of cold weather, so it needs help to cope and survive the cold weather. To do this, the gardener must follow these steps:

  1. Rowan trunk is wrapped in burlap, after which the structure is insulated with spruce branches.
  2. The lower part of the trunk needs additional protection, so it needs to be buried with fallen snow and make sure that its amount does not decrease and does not expose vulnerable areas.
  3. For, to avoid sunburn, the rowan trunk must be whitewashed.
  4. Protection from rodents can be provided by special pesticides that are scattered around the tree.

How to transplant rowan to a new place correctly?

Now let's talk about how to transplant mountain ash. If you move trees whose age does not exceed 4-5 years to a new place, then the transplanting rules will be similar to the rules for the initial planting. The only difference is that when transplanting, you need to independently dig the mountain ash from the ground. When carrying out this procedure, it is worth remembering that this culture has a very branched root system that cannot be damaged.

As for the transplanting of already mature trees, this work will be much more difficult:

  1. The best time is late autumn, when the tree is in a state of biological dormancy.
  2. The daytime temperature should be -1-3 degrees, while the nighttime temperature can be no less than -15 degrees.
  3. The height of the tree should not exceed 3 meters, otherwise the transplant will be much more difficult.
  4. You need to very carefully dig up the mountain ash. Initially, a groove is made around the tree trunk, with a radius of about 1 meter, then the soil is carefully removed, while large roots must be cut. The easiest way to remove a tree from a hole is to use levers.
  5. An earthen lump formed on the roots must be preserved; for this, it is wrapped in burlap and laid out on a thick film or iron sheet. Then, in this state, the tree is dragged to a new place.

The optimal size of an earthen coma for a 10-year-old tree is 100 centimeters in diameter and 60 in depth.

  1. The planting hole should be 40 centimeters larger than the size of the earthen coma.
  2. At its bottom, 5-centimeter layers are made of expanded clay, soil and snow. This manipulation is repeated 3 times, after which the tree is moved into the hole and carefully buried.
  3. At the final stage, the soil is tamped and mulched thoroughly.

To prevent the tree from dying in a new place, you need to keep its orientation relative to the cardinal points.

Autumn planting is the most optimal for mountain ash. This culture tolerates winter frosts well. In addition, trees planted in autumn grow much faster, which means that the harvest can be harvested much earlier.

And at the end we suggest watching a short video about rowan care in spring and autumn:


How to transplant mountain ash from the forest?

How to transplant mountain ash from the forest?

Rowan tolerates transplants well, but do not forget that it has a deep root system, and dig out the planting material deeply. If you know how to graft plants (and you don't know how, so learn - it's easy), then the easiest way is to dig a small mountain ash in the forest and transplant it to the site. The next year, if the plant has taken root, in the spring, you can graft several cuttings of different varieties on it at once. You will have a mountain ash for every taste. Do not forget to cut out the root shoots, otherwise the grafted cuttings will die off, only wild animals will remain.

This text is an introductory fragment.


How to plant peas in open ground in spring: preparation and planting scheme

Conventionally, planting peas in open ground can be divided into several stages, each of which is important for the successful sowing of the culture and the germination of strong seedlings. How to prepare for the procedure, what needs to be done and how to plant the peas correctly? Let's figure it out.

How to prepare pea seeds

Presowing treatment can be divided into two stages: first, soaking is carried out, and then germination. Such a comprehensive preparation significantly improves and accelerates the emergence of seedlings, helps to immediately identify non-viable peas that need to be discarded and not waste your time on them when sowing.

Note! Peas can also be sown with dry seeds. However, they will take longer to germinate, and the viability of the seeds cannot be checked in advance.

1st stage: soaking peas. You can soak them in several ways:

  • Pour the seeds into a bowl with warm water, it should cover one centimeter. They need to be soaked for 10-12 hours.
  • You can also perform processing using the fast method. Make a boric acid solution (1 gram of substance per 5 liters of hot water at 40 degrees). Pour into a container and lower the seeds for 5 minutes. Such heating will help reduce the risk of injury by a dangerous pest - the root weevil.

2nd stage of preparation: germination of pea seeds. You can germinate peas according to the following scheme:

  • Wrap the seed in cotton cloth.
  • Moisten with clean, warm water.
  • Wrap in a bag.
  • Put in a warm place (about 24-26 degrees Celsius).
  • Check the seeds and moisture every day! Do not allow the fabric to dry out; if necessary, moisten the material. If the seeds or fabrics have mold, rinse them immediately in clean water and place them in a new fabric and bag. In general, for prophylaxis, it is recommended to wash them every day.
  • As soon as sprouts appear, you need to sow them in open ground. Do not wait for the roots to appear. However, if they have sprouted, but there is no way to plant them in the soil (or weather conditions do not allow), then you can also put them in a bag in the refrigerator, but do not abuse such storage, sow them as soon as possible.

Inspect the peas carefully before sowing. Only germinated, healthy seeds can be planted. All non-sprouted peas, or specimens with signs of rot, pests must be discarded.

How to choose a place and soil

The place should be sunny, protected from wind and drafts (especially from the north side). Peas prefer extremely nutritious, light soil. It is highly discouraged to plant a crop on poor soils or land with an abundance of readily available nitrogen.

When choosing a place, it is recommended to follow the rules of crop rotation. Good precursors for peas in the garden: cucumber, cabbage, pumpkin, potatoes. And any other crops for which potash and phosphorus fertilizers were applied (thanks to this, the harvest will be more tasty and tender).

Legumes are bad crop precursors. Planting peas in the same place where they were already grown is possible only after at least 4 years.

Interesting fact! After peas, almost any crop (except legumes) can be planted on the garden bed. After all, it is a very good and useful predecessor, because it plays the role of green manure and heals the soil, enriches it with nitrogen.

How to prepare a place and a garden

The preparation of the beds before planting peas in open ground is carried out in several stages:

  • dig up the ground
  • remove the rhizomes of all weeds
  • apply fertilizers (if necessary)
  • loosen and level the soil.

An important feature of preparation: you cannot apply a lot of fertilizer before planting. Otherwise, the plant will increase its green mass, to the detriment of the harvest (few pods are formed).

If the soil is fertile enough and fertilizers were previously applied to the garden, then you can immediately sow peas. It is worth noting that this crop in the soil itself can produce nitrogen and accumulate it on the roots.

If the soil is not fertile enough, then you can apply a small amount of fertilizer to the garden bed, for example, humus or compost.

How to properly sow peas in the garden

So, in order for planting to be successful, you need to wait for the most optimal timing, prepare the seeds (or do nothing, they can also be sown dry), choose a site, prepare a bed and sow.

The following scheme will help to correctly plant pea seeds in open ground:

  • Step 1: Water the garden well. Wait until the water is completely absorbed.
  • Step 2: Make sowing furrows. The distance between the furrows is 50-60 centimeters (if the size of the beds does not allow, then at least 30 cm). The depth of the rows depends on the soil, if the soil is heavy, clayey, then about 3 cm, if light, sandy, then 5 cm.
  • Step 3: If there is poor soil in the garden, then pour a thin layer of compost or humus into the grooves (about 1 cm). But in this case, the grooves should be slightly deeper (by one cm).
  • Step 4: Plant the peas in the grooves. As noted above, the planting depth depends on the type of soil. The distance between the peas is 5 cm.
  • Step 5: Cover the rows with soil and compact by hand.
  • Step 6: Cover the beds with covering material (spunbond or plastic wrap). The shelter will not only create favorable greenhouse conditions for the emergence of seedlings, but will protect the peas from birds.


What does rowan look like in spring. Rowan care

Rowan care is reduced to the timely removal of shoots, which often forms at the root collar, and shoots growing below the grafting site, as well as watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil, forming the crown and combating pests and diseases. Since rowan trees start growing quite early and quickly in the spring, pruning and feeding of plantings should be carried out as early and as soon as possible. At the same time, weak and broken shoots are cut out from young plants, the longest are somewhat shortened to the outer bud.

When pruning fruiting plants, the nature of fruiting should be taken into account. In species and varieties of mountain ash, bearing fruit on the growths of the last year, the shoots are only slightly shortened, and the thickened crown is thinned out. Plants with weak growth are given rejuvenating pruning for two to three years of wood in order to induce the growth of new shoots. In mountain ash, bearing fruit on various types of fruit formations, the semi-skeletal branches are shortened, systematically thinning and rejuvenating the ringlets.

Starting from the third year of life, young mountain ash must be fed with mineral fertilizers. Three-fold feeding is most effective: in the spring, before flowering, 20 g of nitrogen are added. 25 g of phosphorus and 15 g of potash fertilizers per sq. m plantings in the summer - 10-15 g of nitrogen and phosphorus and 10 g of potash in the fall, after harvesting - 10 g of phosphorus and potash. Fertilizers are embedded shallowly, slightly digging up the soil, after which the plantings are watered abundantly.


How to plant rowan in autumn?

Autumn planting differs from spring planting in many respects. In order for a mountain ash, planted before the onset of cold weather, to take root in a new place and grow well, you must adhere to the time-tested rules.

Selection of seedlings

Before you start planting, you need to purchase a quality seedling.

  • The root system should be moist, without visible damage, with 3-4 main branches and a length of 25-30 centimeters.
  • The presence of shriveled bark indicates that the planting material has been overdried.
  • The crown must also be well developed, the presence of the main conductor and main branches is very important.

Preparing a seedling for planting:

  • Before planting, it is necessary to remove all dry and damaged branches, the same rule applies to the roots of the tree.
  • For the best moisture, the root system of the seedling is placed in a clay mash for 2-3 hours.

Selecting and preparing a site for planting or replanting a tree

Rowan is famous for its unpretentiousness and the ability to take root on various soils. But in order for the tree to grow and bear fruit better, the following conditions are met:

  1. The best option would be loamy or sandy loam soil.
  2. The soil should be loose and neutral; expanded clay drainage is encouraged.
  3. Rowan is very fond of sunlight, so it is better to choose an area that is not shaded.
  4. The soil must be well moistened.
  5. It is desirable that the groundwater level be below 1.5 meters, but mountain ash also tolerates a closer location.

Rowan is planted at a distance of 4-5 meters from other trees. Approximately 2-3 weeks before planting the seedling, it is necessary to prepare the planting hole, it should have time to infuse.

  1. The depth of the pit is 40-50 centimeters, the width will depend on the size of the root system of the seedling.
  2. The fertile soil layer is mixed with:

A bucket of compost or humus

150 grams of superphosphate

300 grams of wood ash.

  1. The resulting mixture is poured into one third of the pit.
  2. Then half of it is filled with barren soil.

Planting rowan in open ground:

  1. Before planting, a bucket of water is poured into the prepared hole and wait until it is absorbed.
  2. Then a seedling is placed there, which needs to be carefully spread out the roots.
  3. The root collar should be 5-7 centimeters above ground level.
  4. When filling the hole, it is recommended to lightly shake the tree to fill all air pockets.
  5. After the rowan is planted, the soil around the tree trunk is carefully tamped and watered thoroughly.
  6. At the final stage, you need to mulch the tree trunk circle with humus or peat.

Watering rowan trees immediately after planting

Care after landing

In order for a tree to form correctly and grow strong and healthy, it must be properly looked after in the first years of life. To do this, adhere to the following rules:

  • The first 2-3 years the mountain ash is not fertilized, because it will have enough nutrients introduced during planting. An exception will be nitrogen fertilizers that stimulate tree growth. They can be made from 2 years of planting.
  • During watering, 2-3 buckets of water are consumed per rowan. The tree is watered 4-5 times per season; in the presence of abundant summer rainfall, only spring and autumn watering can be left. After each application of moisture, the soil must be mulched.
  • In the autumn, the soil around the trunk is dug to a depth of 10-15 centimeters. Throughout the season, the ground near the tree should be kept clean and loose.


Rowan care

Rowan care comes down to the timely removal of shoots, which often forms at the root collar, and shoots growing below the grafting site, as well as watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil, forming the crown and fighting pests and diseases. Since rowan trees start growing quite early and quickly in the spring, pruning and feeding of plantings should be carried out as early and as soon as possible. At the same time, weak and broken shoots are cut out from young plants, the longest are somewhat shortened to the outer bud.

When pruning fruiting plants, the nature of fruiting should be taken into account. In species and varieties of mountain ash, bearing fruit on the growths of the last year, the shoots are only slightly shortened, and the thickened crown is thinned out. Plants with weak growth are given rejuvenating pruning for two to three years of wood in order to induce the growth of new shoots. In mountain ash, bearing fruit on various types of fruit formations, the semi-skeletal branches are shortened, systematically thinning and rejuvenating the ringlets.

Starting from the third year of life, young mountain ash must be fed with mineral fertilizers. Three-fold feeding is most effective: in the spring, before flowering, 20 g of nitrogen are added. 25 g of phosphorus and 15 g of potash fertilizers per sq. m of plantings in the summer - 10-15 g of nitrogen and phosphorus and 10 g of potash in the fall, after harvesting - 10 g of phosphorus and potash. Fertilizers are embedded shallowly, slightly digging up the soil, after which the plantings are watered abundantly.

Rowan inflorescence. © martainn


Rowan varieties

If you are wondering where to buy rowan seedlings, then the answer is simple! You can do this in our online store of seedlings. We offer healthy and high-quality seedlings of mountain ash and other fruit, ornamental crops and shrubs at affordable prices and with delivery by Russian post throughout the country.

Can't decide which rowan variety is right for your garden? We invite you to familiarize yourself with the most popular varieties of culture.

Rowan black-fruited (Aronia)

The variety of mountain ash Aronia was bred by I.V. Michurin. Aronia reaches a height of 2.5–3 m. It is highly frost-resistant, grows best in spacious and not shaded areas. It is cultivated as a fruit, medicinal and ornamental shrub.

Chokeberry is susceptible to the following diseases:

  • peripheral wood rot
  • fruit rot
  • septoria spot
  • comber.
  • red apple and brown fruit mite
  • green apple aphid
  • hawthorn
  • rowan moth
  • cherry slimy sawfly.

Rowan Nevezhinskaya (Nezhinskaya)

In height, the mountain ash Nevezhinskaya is capable of reaching 10 m. If the mountain ash grows in the shade, it acquires a pyramidal crown, with sufficient illumination - into a spherical one. Life expectancy is 30 years or more.

The first harvest of berries can be harvested 4 years after planting. Up to 40 kg of fruit can be harvested from one tree. Rowan is self-fertile, so plant other varieties next to it, for example, Kubovaya or Yellow.


Watch the video: Ash For Your Garden - 4 Ways To Apply It Properly