Marshall strawberry: a cultivar that walks through the ages

 Marshall strawberry: a cultivar that walks through the ages

Among the available varieties of strawberries, there are both completely new and known for over a hundred years. Old varieties are not always bad, some will give odds to many new products. So, for example, the American Marshall variety, bred in the century before last, remains afloat. He is unpretentious and high-yielding.

Description of Marshal strawberry and its characteristics

Marshall strawberry was obtained in 1890 in the USA, was soon transported to Europe, and in the middle of the last century began its march across our country. It is a medium early variety that ripens at the end of June and is characterized by large berries and good yields. Marshal grows in relatively low, but sprawling, well leafy bushes, has a powerful root system that penetrates to a depth of 25 cm. The leaves are somewhat different from the usual ones both in color (it is lighter than usual) and in appearance resembling umbrellas.

Marshal strawberry mustache forms a sufficient amount, it is mainly propagated with their help. Peduncles are thick, strong, located just above the leaves, bearing many large white flowers with bright yellow hearts. However, for all its strength, as the berries ripen, the peduncles tend to the ground.

The leaves of this strawberry are the same size as the berries.

The berries are large, usually weighing from 40 to 60 g, with good care they can grow up to 80–90 g. The shape of the berries is wedge-shaped, the color is bright red, with a strong shine. The taste is very good, sweet with a slight sourness, strong aroma, typical strawberry. The pulp is lighter than the surface of the berry, juicy, without voids, medium density. The crop does not hold up well over long distances, is primarily intended for local consumption, but is considered an industrial variety in the United States. The yield of the variety is above average: with intensive care, about 1 kg of berries are harvested from one bush. True, this does not last long, and after 2–3 years the harvest drops significantly, and the plantation has to be renewed.

The variety is considered frost- and drought-resistant, and high resistance to most fungal diseases. It is not difficult to care for, it easily adapts to various climatic conditions, and can be recommended to any beginner. The fruiting period is not very long: the main crop is harvested within two weeks.

Video: characteristics of the Marshal variety

Berry appearance

Marshal strawberries are quite beautiful, have a wedge-shaped shape (some are closer to a cone-shaped one), large, about the size of a matchbox, intensely colored. When ripe, they are dark red with a strong sheen. A distinctive feature is the shape of the top of the berries. It is slightly pressed into the base of the fruit. Seeds are of normal size and color, slightly pressed into the berry, do not protrude above its surface.

The presentation of the berries is quite good, the size - even more so

Advantages and disadvantages, features and differences from other varieties

The fact that Marshall strawberries have been cultivated for over a century suggests that they have many virtues. Among the main gardeners are:

  • high productivity;
  • good drought and frost resistance;
  • unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
  • large-fruited;
  • very good berry taste;
  • ripening amicability.

At the same time, this strawberry also has obvious disadvantages, for example:

  • poor transportability of the crop;
  • rapid, already in the second year, yield decline;
  • too high assimilation, requiring constant monitoring of this process.

A pleasant feature of the variety is its very large leaves, which make it possible to shelter the berries from rain and excess sun, and an unpleasant feature - the need for almost annual renewal of plantations due to a sharp decline in yield.

In general, such an old variety cannot be considered the best even in its segment, but in many respects it is not much inferior to its young counterparts. Of course, he is far from the legendary variety of Chamora Turusi in terms of large-fruited, but among the varieties of strawberries that bear berries as large as the Marshal himself, he looks worthy. For example, the appearance of its berries is clearly prettier than that of the famous Gigantella, and, probably, of the large-fruited Lord, but these varieties can bear fruit in one place for many years almost without loss of yield.

Gigantella berries also look solid, but their shape is not entirely correct.

Application of berries

According to the use of berries, Marshal strawberries are considered universal, however, having poor transportability and low keeping quality, they are more suitable for processing. Of course, gardeners manage to eat a certain amount of berries fresh, but the harvest ripens together, they have to start up all kinds of harvesting. Fortunately, the taste and aroma are practically not lost when frozen, so the variety is quite suitable for winter use. Traditional compotes, preserves, jams are also good from it.

Freezing is the most effective way to preserve berries for the winter.

Features of growing strawberries Marshal

Nothing supernatural is required to grow Marshall strawberries: its agricultural technology is quite common. So, planting rooted rosettes is possible both in the spring, in April-May, and at the end of summer, depending on the climate of the region. When planting, it is necessary to take into account only the solid spreading of the bushes and, if the beds are prepared in the usual way, then the planting scheme is rather sparse: 40-50 cm are left between the bushes, they prefer a checkerboard pattern. Despite its large fruit size and high yield, the variety does not require increased amounts of fertilizers, especially since the plantation is kept in one place for only two, sometimes three years.

The variety is quite drought-resistant, therefore, flaws in watering, the periodic absence of the owner on the site for this strawberry is not fatal. At the same time, in dry weather, it is better not to neglect watering, trying not to get water on flowers and berries. In top dressing, they try to use organic infusions, but with normal filling the beds with fertilizers when planting, Marshal can do without dressing at all, while only slightly reducing the yield. Removing weeds at first is mandatory, but soon the bushes grow so much that they themselves begin to suppress weeds. It is not superfluous to mulch the bed with clean, chopped straw.

Straw allows you to get a harvest of pure berries

Marshal strawberries have to winter only once, sometimes two: then the bushes are removed from the garden. It is known that lowering the temperature to -30 aboutWith this strawberry easily withstands, but with at least a small amount of snow. Therefore, in cold regions, a shelter for the winter in the form of coniferous spruce branches will not be superfluous. Agrofibre is often used instead of branches.

Marshal strawberry reviews

Marshall strawberries have been cultivated for over a hundred years and have not lost their popularity, despite the need for constant rejuvenation of the plantation. This is due to both the high quality of the berries and the simplicity of care.


Features of planting and care

Blueness is planted in compliance with the following conditions:

  1. They select a flat area, without ravines, away from rivers, a body of water and groundwater
  2. During spring digging, humus is introduced into the soil
  3. When stable warm weather is reached, they plan to land, referring to the lunar calendar (on the growing moon)

On a note. The soil temperature recommended for planting should be at least 5-8 degrees.

  1. For planting Blueness, a 30 × 70 × 6 scheme is used, that is, 30 cm between holes, 70 cm between rows, 6 cm deep
  2. In each hole, along with the sprouted tuber, lay a glass of compost, half a glass of ash and half a glass of humus.

When planting, it is important to consider the type of soil:

  • for heavy and very wet areas, the ridge method is used - they form high ridges and then potatoes are planted in them
  • for dry - ridge - the tubers are laid out in 2 rows in one meter ridge.

The harvesting period for medium-late potato varieties, taking into account the May planting, falls on the end of August. Some summer residents recommend mowing the tops a week - one and a half before harvesting so that the peel becomes denser and better tolerates long-term storage in the cellar. The collected potatoes are sorted out, removing damaged tubers, dried, sprinkled in one layer in the fresh air under a canopy. After drying, the potatoes are sorted, laid out in storage containers and lowered into the basement.


Gardeners reviews

My first impression of what I saw was amazement, "wow - what a big strawberry!" Previously, I had never seen anything like it, at first I thought, suddenly a joke - the berries are plastic or made of wax, but nothing like that - they are the real Melitopol, and not the Chernobyl mutant (they even joked about this, I couldn’t believe it).

ntl

http://otzovik.com/review_114864.html

I can say with confidence that if you start on your site this variety, which pleases with early, large, fragrant berries, you can forget about other varieties for a long time until you are drawn to some new selection novelty!

AlenaCK

http://citykey.net/review/klubnika-gigantella-udivit-vseh-svoim-razmerom

I first bought this strawberry variety a couple of years ago. Already used to the fact that the plant is picky, but it always gives us delicious berries in the summer. To tell the truth, they really do resemble pineapple in some way. The berries are sweet, but not very juicy, with a certain sourness. Probably due to improper watering. Since the dacha is located far outside the city, and I have no constant opportunity to travel to water. This year we will definitely install drip irrigation.

Parfenova Irina Ivanovna

http://otzov-mf.ru/klubnika-sort-gigantella-otzyvy/

The Gigantella strawberry variety is a record holder both in terms of yield and size of fruits. Water, weed and feed the bushes regularly and the harvest will amaze you and your guests.


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