Currants - a storehouse of vitamins
In Russia, red and white currants have been known since about the 15th century.
Features of culture
Red and white currant can be called color, because, depending on the variety, it can be pink, purple, as well as beige and yellow.
The shrubs of these plants are more durable than black currants. On average, they grow and bear fruit for over 15 years. They are a perennial shrub 1–1.5 m high with a semi-spreading or upright crown. Bouquet twigs are the main type of fruiting shoots.
Red and white currants bloom earlier than other berry bushes. Their raceme is 5–20-flowered, the flowers are greenish, large. Leaves, unlike black currants, do not have a characteristic odor, since they lack aromatic glands. The leaves are three-lobed, with a jagged edge, rather dense.
The flowering currant begins to bear fruit at the age of 3-4 years and reaches its peak production 9-12 years after planting.
These perennial shrubs have a strong root system, which is located at a depth of 30–40 cm, and individual vertical roots penetrate to a depth of 1.2 m, as a result of which the plants tolerate drought better.
In terms of biochemical composition, red and white currants are almost the same. Their fruit is a multivitamin product. They contain vitamins B1, B2, B9, H, E, PP, K, and in terms of vitamin C they surpass oranges and lemons. Also, berries contain organic acids, sugars, carotene, iodine, pectin and tannins necessary for a person.
Colored currants are considered the leader among berry bushes in terms of frost resistance. But, despite this, it is a rather thermophilic and light-loving culture, therefore it should be planted in elevated places on the leeward side, where snow accumulates well. It can be cultivated on many types of soils, but works best on light, fertile soils. Another feature of these crops is their good tolerance to soil salinity.
The site for planting red and white currants should be protected from the wind, as their shoots break off easily. In amateur gardens, these crops are traditionally planted along the fence along the boundaries of the site. The best time for planting in central Russia is late September - early October.
In the place of future planting, 5-10 kg of humus, 30 g of potassium salt, 50 g of superphosphate per 1 m² of area are brought under digging. Planting holes are dug at a distance of 1–1.5 m from each other, 50 × 40 cm in size, and 4–5 kg of humus, 50 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium salt or 300 g of wood ash are added to them. Fertilizers are mixed with the top layer of soil and covered with 2/3 of the hole. Plants are planted obliquely, with a 6–8 cm deep root collar to stimulate the growth of shoots and roots.
After planting, the land around the bush is compacted and watered (1 bucket of water per bush), and then mulching is carried out with peat or humus.
Caring for red and white currant plants includes watering, loosening and removing weeds in the spring and summer, and digging in the fall.
Red and white currants are very demanding for watering. It is also necessary to mulch the trunks with manure, peat or sawdust with a layer of 5-15 cm.
Caring for these perennial shrubs includes pruning. After planting the seedlings in a permanent place, the shoots are cut off, leaving 3-4 buds.During the first 4–5 years, formative pruning is carried out. Many varieties of red and white currants tend to thicken, so 3-5 strong basal shoots are left annually, and the rest are cut out at the base of the bush.
Colored currants are harvested in brushes to avoid damage and must be dry.
Reproduction of colored currants
Red and white currants are propagated in different ways. Reproduction is possible both by lignified and green cuttings and layering.
Lignified cuttings are planted in August-September, since their shoots finish growing earlier and with this planting period they manage to take root before the onset of cold weather.
Currant pests and diseases
Of the pests for colored currants, the kidney mite is the most dangerous, but it does not do it as much harm as black currant. Measures to combat it are rarely used.
Also, red and white currants are affected by leaf gall aphids and gooseberry sawfly.
Aphid larvae settle on the underside of leaves and feed on them. In this case, dark red or yellow swellings are formed on the upper side of the leaves. To combat aphids, spraying with 0.5% mineral oils is used in December or January.
Good results are obtained by spraying in late April - early May with organophosphate preparations. Also, in addition to chemical control agents, many gardeners plant tomato bushes next to currants.
Gooseberry sawfly caterpillars eat up the leaves, leaving only thick veins. To combat them, spraying with infusions of wormwood, tobacco and garlic is used. And in the summer, you need to collect the caterpillars by hand, shaking them off the branches.
The most dangerous diseases for red and white currants are powdery mildew, anthracnose and septoria.
Powdery mildew is a white powdery coating. After a while, it turns brown and thickens, and the shoots die off. To combat powdery mildew, experts recommend in early spring, before the buds awaken, spraying with a 3% solution of 60% nitrafen at the rate of 300 g per 10 liters of water or copper sulfate at the rate of 300 g per 10 liters of water.
With anthracnose, small brown spots appear, then they merge, and then the leaves curl upside down and fall off. It is necessary to collect and burn diseased leaves. Before bud break, you can treat the bushes with nitrafen at the rate of 300 g per 10 liters of water and 1% Bordeaux liquid before flowering and after harvesting.
Septoriosis affects red and white currants, especially in wet years. In May, small spots with a brown border appear on the leaves, which then turn white, then the leaves dry up and crumble. The chemical measures for controlling septoria are the same as for anthracnose. Experts recommend regularly pruning the bushes and feeding them with trace elements such as boron, copper, zinc and manganese.
Colored currants are also damaged by birds. Bullfinches and sparrows often cause serious kidney damage during the winter months, while blackbirds damage ripe berries. Old tapes tied to branches can be used to scare them away.
Medicinal properties of currants
Red and white currants have long been valued for their medicinal properties. Their berries are used as an antipyretic and anti-febrile remedy, and their juice is drunk for colds. Their juice perfectly quenches thirst, stimulates appetite, activates the intestines, and helps to remove toxins and heavy metal salts from the body.
Also, the berries of red and white currants have a diuretic effect, they are useful for urolithiasis, and in addition they are indicated for patients with diabetes mellitus and people with low acidity of gastric juice.
Not only berries are useful, but also seeds: they significantly improve intestinal motor function.
The use of colored currants for cosmetic purposes is also known.Its juice helps to whiten the skin, remove age spots and freckles.
Berries of red and white currants are consumed both fresh and processed. They are used to prepare preserves, jams, jellies, marmalade, compotes, juices and even wines, which are in no way inferior in quality to grapes.
candidate of agricultural sciences,
department of berry crops GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin.
Briefly about red currant
Red currants are less demanding than black ones, both to soil moisture, and to increased dryness of the air, and to the soils themselves. It can grow on heavier ones. But if black currant tolerates partial shade, then red - give a bright sun.
- Early sweet - a variety of early ripening. Good yield and winter hardiness, medium size berries, sweet and sour.
- Chulkovskaya - early maturation, disease resistant.
- Red Cross - medium ripening, large berries without harsh acid.
- Dutch red - late variety, fruitful, winters well, resistant to diseases, berries with sourness.
Do not think that hedges are needed only to protect the site from unwanted guests and prying eyes. If you wish, you can, of course, use currant bushes as a fence. And yet it would be more rational to use this culture for zoning a site or protecting it from the wind. Red and black currants can only be used for free-growing hedges. But the golden variety of this culture can be used even for arranging a low border in a flower garden or decorative garden.
If you want to make the fence very dense, then the plants will have to be planted close to each other, or better - in 2 rows. In this case, it is better to arrange shrubs in a checkerboard pattern every half a meter. When calculating the number of plants, be guided by the fact that there are 3 shrubs per running meter of a single-row hedge, and 5 shrubs for a two-row hedge.
Edible varieties of honeysuckle are popularly called "rejuvenating berries". The name did not appear by chance, since the berries contain an element of youth - selenium. Shrubs bloom beautifully, so they are often used for decorative purposes. However, to a greater extent, the berry is valued as a useful storehouse of vitamins.
- Long-fruited honeysuckle - medium-sized bushes are distinguished by the cylindrical shape of the berries.
- Hybrid varieties - bred by breeders by crossing berry varieties.
- Mid-late varieties - allow you to harvest honeysuckle until late autumn.
Bushes do not tolerate shade well. When choosing a place for landing, it is better to give preference to sunny places. Suitable for planting both in autumn and spring. In the spring, this must be done before the start of the growing season. Honeysuckle grows slowly so that the bush takes root and fructifies well, it is fed.
Bushes 6-8 years old require sanitary pruning. Dead branches must be removed... Young shoots do not need to be cut.
Honeysuckle berries on a bush
Preparing currants for winter
Proper care of black currants includes preparing for winter. The soil under the bushes is weeded and the fallen leaves are removed.
Scheme of strapping a currant bush for the winter
After the onset of the first frost, the bush is pulled together in a spiral upward with a rope, at the top clamping it with a clothespin. The ground is covered with mulch. After a large amount of precipitation falls at the base of the bush, a snow pillow 10 cm high is made, and then the bush is completely covered with snow.
Growing currants on the site will only bring pleasure, since the culture is not demanding and bears fruit perfectly. Carefully monitor the behavior of the plant so that you always know what it needs, do not forget about timely watering, fertilizing and preventive treatments.Then the black currant, which is taken care of according to all the rules, will thank you with a magnificent harvest and a large berry.
Growing colored currants in garden plots - garden and vegetable garden
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IRON is also one of the most essential elements.Without it, chlorophyll does not form in the leaves, although this element is not included in chlorophyll. There is a lot of iron in the soil
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However, it is better to do this without waiting for autumn: dig up the shoots while still young, reaching 15-20 centimeters, and plant them for growing separately, in loose soil. By autumn
Tomatoes do not need to be watered too often - just once a week is enough. It is important that watering is regular, otherwise, with an uneven flow of moisture, tomatoes can get sick with apical rot.
Those who have learned how to grow them under captivity begin to pick garden strawberries two weeks earlier. Of course, there are a lot of additional troubles with it, but they pay off with an early and bountiful harvest.
Summer is just beginning, and in the raspberry plantations there is trouble: recently young shoots have appeared from the soil, and already some of them have turned black and bent down the tops.
The peculiarities of the development of berry bushes are such that they begin to bloom in the spring earlier than other plants in the garden. That is why it is important to carry out the bulk of the work required for them in the fall.
Many people are familiar with this picture: in August and September, on the shelves of shops and markets in the central regions of Russia, there are heaps of apples, in the orchards there are a lot of fruits, and worn-out business executives are trying
Digging up the garden, clearing the garden of dead foliage and grass, rolling away a stone from the path, you see how disturbed beetles, large and small, black and colored, shimmering with metal and dull, rush to flee.
In dry weather, it is necessary to clean up all wounds and cracks on the skeletal branches and boles of fruit trees, treat them with a 3% solution of copper or 5% solution of ferrous sulfate
But the June dropping of the ovaries is not at all a sign of some kind of trouble, but an inevitable physiological process when a tree naturally frees itself from unnecessary stress.
This variety, according to the famous Russian pomologist L.P. Simirenko, was bred in Saxony in the 19th century and bears the name of the originator Drogan. The variety is self-fertile (pollinators
Many of you may be surprised to learn that among the nightshades there are vines. But it is so. Bittersweet nightshade is a beautiful woody liana and belongs to the same family
The readers of the site learned about the medicinal and nutritional qualities of one of the types of scorzonera - black root, or black carrot, as this plant is often called by amateur vegetable growers, from an article by Professor A. Turova.
Many bacterial, fungal and viral diseases of vegetable crops are transmitted through seeds. Therefore, they are pickled before sowing. Etching contributes not only to the destruction of pathogens
To do this, the boles are tied with PVC captivity, you can use roofing roofing paper, spruce branches. Not only the bark of boles and the forks of skeletal branches are closed from hares and elk with a lapnik.
Many amateur gardeners, taking up a sprayer, think only of how to quickly destroy insects in the garden, forgetting that among them there are many useful ones - the gardener's allies.
For several years now I have not used pesticides in my garden. I make do with herbal pest control products. Nature has created many plants. Possessing insecticidal properties.
We have already talked about Chinese lemongrass on the Dacha Soviets website. Many people know about the merits of this culture from other sources as well. But from correspondence with many amateur gardeners, I know
In Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, this shrub grows wild. It is abundant in mountainous areas, on limestones, along river banks, in moist coniferous forests, along the edges of peat bogs.
In the middle lane at the end of March, pruning and formation of berry bushes begins. The past winter turned out to be favorable for overwintering black and red currants, so they are pruned as usual.
Premature shedding of leaves on a pear, a decrease in the annual growth of shoots, abnormal development and death of buds, a decrease in yield - this is not a complete list of the tricks of a malicious pest
The weather conditions of this year in many regions have delayed the ripening of currant, gooseberry and raspberry berries. Naturally, the timing of post-harvest care has also shifted.
And during winter dormancy, the life of deciduous trees continues, albeit in a latent form. Respiration in dormant plants is comparatively intense even in severe frosts.
With what impatience the gardeners await the harvest! And now he is ripe. It is good when the berries are whole, fragrant, juicy: and for them to always be like this, the berry growers need good care.
The weather is known to have a strong effect on fruit plants. For successful horticulture, it is necessary to solve not only the issues of improving the general production culture
Polina Lebedeva, Bryansk: "An old pear with beautiful, tasty, well-stored fruits grows in our garden. Is it possible to cut it for rejuvenation by forming a new tree from the growth that has appeared on the trunk?"
Will cherries bloom and bear fruit today? Alas, successful seasons are less and less common. And she gives a good harvest only with skillful tree care from early spring!
Cherries are infected with coccomycosis. The main symptom of coccomycosis on cherries is spotted leaves (Fig. 2). Sick trees completely lose their green outfit by the beginning of August.
Petr Bolyshev, Solnechnogorsk, Moscow region: "I bought a plot, and with it a monster that lives in the soil - dark brown, about 5 cm long, hairy, with front legs like pincers.
If in the past you have had failures with eggplants, but at the risk of still growing seedlings of these healthy and tasty vegetables, try this time to take into account all your past mistakes and get a good harvest.
Everybody knows that the home clothes moth is the enemy of woolen and fur products. However, many of its relatives can be dangerous for various garden plants. One of them is apple moth.
Signs of the disease - a mosaic of alternating green and light yellow areas on the leaves - are found already a month after the seedlings are planted in the ground. Such mosaic plates remain small.
The caterpillars of the ringed silkworm are very bright and catchy. They are fairly easy to spot when moving in the crown of a tree. The length of an adult caterpillar reaches 5 cm, the main background of the body is bluish-gray
From spring to late autumn, in gardens, especially in thickened ones, there are many different weevils. They eat buds, petals, ovaries, but this is not so bad. But when will egg-laying begin?
Summer residents noticed long ago: the earlier the snow melted and the warmth came, the more terrible the return cold and frost for the plants. However, from such natural disasters in late spring and the very beginning
Cabbage seedlings are already asking for a permanent place. The time of harvesting and the harvest depends on when you plant it. Whatever your nursery, but the techniques for arranging the future garden
Let us remind you that oculeated rootstocks are called oculators. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the harness from them (if they did not do this before winter) and check the survival rate of the grafted kidneys.
Temper the seedlings. On warm, quiet days, take the seedlings out into the open air, shading them from the direct sun.Gradually, over 10-12 days, reduce shading time
In the middle lane, early varieties and hybrids of cabbage (Aigul Fv Golden hectare 1432) are planted in a permanent place from late April to May 5.
Potatoes, like a vacuum cleaner, absorb a disease-causing infection. It is deposited in storage tubers, and we plant them again next year. But even such unhealthy potatoes are eaten by pests.
Gray rot (Botrytis) is one of the most dangerous and harmful fungal diseases of flower crops, affecting more than 200 plant species from various families. It does not spare the most refined and refined representative of the flower kingdom - the lily.
A reliable way to deal with the Colorado potato beetle. The Colorado potato beetle used to adapt to crop protection chemicals that were used year after year.
The copper-yellow worm-like larva of the click beetle is probably no less harmful than the Colorado potato beetle. The most dangerous are the larvae of older instars, they are especially active if the ground is wet.
Some are sure that it needs to be dug up. Others argue that grass should grow in the trunk circle - as in nature. So where is the truth? And to understand who is right
Tatyana Ogareva, Smolensk: “In the literature on the subject of summer cottages, they often write that for one tree for irrigation, you need so much water in buckets. Of course, this is convenient when there are 2-3 trees in the garden.
Proper watering for fruit trees is most directly related, because without moisture they will die. And even if they survive (many crops are very tenacious), then they will definitely not give a good harvest.
Such feeding is done, as a rule, when it is necessary to urgently "heal" the plant. If you fertilize the garden every year according to all the rules, foliar feeding is not needed.
Most summer residents plant their apple and pear trees in the spring. But recently, in books and magazines, there are more and more expert tips who recommend planting trees in the summer.
Devices for fine atomization of solutions are so different that, choosing the right one, it is easy to get confused. Several types of sprayers may come in handy
Watering in the country is a large-scale business! Plants, especially vegetables, almost like people, are 75-80% water, so they are waiting for it, rejoicing in it, grateful for every drop.
However, for a very short time, the ground under the vegetables may not remain dry, but dry. The main thing here is not to cross the critical line. Clear symptoms indicate that the plants are already suffering.
Moisture-charging irrigation (with a hose) is needed to create a reserve of moisture in the soil. So water the beds before planting seedlings of vegetables in the summer. Or before filling the containers with soil.
To get a good harvest, vegetables need a large supply of moisture. The fact is that vegetables consume up to about 300 liters of water per 1 m2 per season.
Watering cans are now so different that their eyes run up. For the garden, we choose a comfortable one, and let the color, shape and other design delights become a pleasant, but not an obligatory addition.
The roots of cucumbers are weak and are located in the surface layer of the soil, which dries quickly. In addition, plants have large leaves, they evaporate a lot of water. Therefore, cucumbers are often watered by sprinkling.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied before sowing, planting. In the second half of the summer, they are not needed, and sometimes even harm. Foliar top dressing with nitrogen fertilizers is undesirable - a lot of nitrogen is lost.
Top dressing is an addition to the diet of vegetables. If the soil is initially rich in nutrients, vegetables need not be fed. But, alas, this almost never happens in the middle lane.
It is prepared like this: the mullein is mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio (for example, half a bucket of manure and half a bucket of water), tightly covered with a lid (this is important!) And kept warm and dark for 7-10 days
Any summer resident knows: the most unpleasant job on the site is weeding. Especially perennials such as thistle, bindweed and wheatgrass. No matter how you cut them with a hoe, they climb into the light of God.
Elizaveta Ukhova, Tver. Against powdery mildew, I spray the whips with a solution of urea (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). And if I don't have this fertilizer, milk diluted in water helps
If you do not go into details, then the depth of loosening for herbaceous annuals is 10-12 cm, and for perennials and dwarf shrubs up to 20-30.
It has long been known to all gardeners that plants get everything they need from compost for their development. There is no exact recipe for what and how much to put in the compost heap
Even a novice summer resident knows that the land in the beds, under the bushes and in flower beds should be loose. The crust should be broken down regularly using the appropriate tool.
Tomato bushes are persistent and tenacious, they do not give up easily to infections or addictive insects. But even poisonous leaves and stems of plants do not frighten pests.
Loosening that dry watering. Summer residents are well aware of the paradox of dry irrigation, when, instead of water consumption, the soil surface is broken into small lumps. In terms of efficiency, two loosening
Cucumbers attract and attract not only people, but in general all living things. In the heat, there are insects that, although they cannot crunch green leaves, suck the juices out of the vines.
Gooseberry is a light-loving and demanding crop for soil fertility. The best place to plant is well-lit, sheltered from the wind, where a lot of snow accumulates in winter.
The best time to plant gooseberries is late September - early October. Container-grown seedlings can be planted throughout the summer and fall. It is advisable to leave a distance between the plants.
In the second and third years, 350 - 500 g of saltpeter are introduced (half - in early spring on thawed ground, and then in mid-May). Fertilizers are scattered around the bush at a distance of 30-50 cm from the base.
Pruning is of great importance for gooseberries. Without it, the bushes become very thick in the first years, and it is difficult to work with them, to harvest, they are more susceptible to damage by pests and diseases.
Winter cold can cause great harm to ornamental, fruit and berry crops. But do not forget that summer heat, autumn frosts and spring thaws are no less dangerous for plants.
Soon after the New Year holidays, I looked at the summer cottage and it seemed to me that the buds on the currant bushes swelled too early. Can this happen when it's still so cold outside?
For lovers of the earliest honeysuckle berry, breeders of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry made a gift - seven new varieties. These are Barballeta, Vlada, Koketka, Laura, Lenarola, Masha, Renata.
Anna Vorobyova, Tver: "What is the Dasha apple tree (some gardeners call her Dasha)? This variety is praised at sales of seedlings, but nowhere is there a description of it
Valentin Prigogine, Tver: “Last season, some strange green bug attacked my beets and almost left me without a crop. Do bugs eat beets?
Garden strawberries are planted in spring and autumn, so if you cannot thoroughly prepare the site in the near future, do not worry, but simply postpone planting until the end of August - September.
The potatoes are out of luck this year. The cold soil in the spring broke the usual planting dates, the germination of tubers was difficult, and even the pests did their job - they gladly ate the young seedlings.
Yuri Popov, Ryazan: "Please tell us about the largest and sweetest varieties of cherries that can be grown in central Russia. I want to plant in my garden, but I'm very afraid to make a mistake
Ostroumova, Moscow: “I worked at the Klinsky state farm near Moscow for many years and have my own garden plot.
In July, the gardener seems to have nothing to do in the garden. The sowing tension is over, the harvesting harvest is just unfolding - it would seem that you can take a break
Today, in our field of vision, mainly the apple tree neighbors in the orchard who have fallen asleep for the winter, and some general techniques, rules, and patterns of pruning.
So that trimming does not cause much trouble, and the work goes quickly, so that the cuts are of high quality, first of all, take care of the inventory, learn how to use it, and also fix the problems that arise.
Hardly anyone will object to the statement that potatoes are the second bread. For some today, it has become the first and almost the only food product.
When choosing varieties of potatoes for planting, it is better to give preference to domestic varieties and not only out of patriotism, but also because of common sense. They are more adapted to our climate
At dachas, if they do sow vegetable peas, then somewhere in the backyard, along the fence, almost near the compost heap. Yes, peas are modest and picky, but on the site they simply have no price!
In the spring, in April - May, all tree branches damaged by frost are already clearly visible: they either do not come to life at all, or their buds open with delay. If the shoots still started to grow
Improved copulation is usually done when the thickness of the scion and rootstock is approximately the same. First, determine the branch on which you will graft the cutting. Place a blade at the grafting site
Grafting with butt is used when the stock is thicker than the cutting. First, cut the branch at the grafting site at a right angle, make a small bevel on one side of the cut. On the other side of the end of the branch
You bought a substandard drug. To avoid buying "left-handed" chemicals, contact reputable specialized stores. The market and private traders are more likely to
Fishing belts are wide strips (15-20 cm) made of straw bundles, thick paper, matting, shavings applied in rings to the trunks and thick branches of trees to destroy pests.
Experts have described about 30 types of plums. They differ in a number of specific features. The most important species is the domestic plum (Primus domestica L.). This species is rich in varieties
Real Hungarian women, renklods and mirabelles in Russia are mainly cultivated in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, the Rostov Region and the plum-growing regions of the North Caucasus
However, this requires special techniques and technologies. For those who do not have this knowledge, the optimal planting period is spring and autumn. At this time it goes down
Plants are planted quickly, protecting the roots from damage and drying. This is done as follows: fathoms are lowered into a hole, on a mound or flat surface
First, it is thinned out, removing to the base low-lying, as well as broken, intertwining, weak, diseased and low-yielding branches of all ages. Usually such plants
Gooseberry shoot aphid. Damages leaves on young gooseberry shoots. In the spring (during the period of bud swelling), the larvae hatched from eggs that overwintered on the shoots
American powdery mildew (spheroteka) on gooseberries. The most dangerous gooseberry disease. Young parts of plants are affected: leaves, petioles, shoots, green and ripening berries.
Strawberry attracts gardeners all over the world with amazing, almost fabulous qualities, which in a rare combination are collected only in one: outwardly attractive, fragrant
At the end of last autumn, in November, after a long Indian summer, night frosts suddenly hit - right on the bare ground. And after an unfavorable winter, the spring return cold lasted for a long time.
I am constantly hunting for new varieties of strawberries. The year before last, the unexpected trophy was the "strawberry tree" - at least that's what a saleswoman in one of the Moscow firms called it.
Alas, our garden "princess" - strawberries are not long-lived. It is well known that the planting of strawberries has to be renewed every three to four years, giving it a new place of residence each time.
Galina Rogova, Mozhaisk: "I usually start working in the garden with sowing radishes. Are there any new varieties this year? Which ones are better to choose? What to look for when buying and sowing seeds?"
Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers have already been removed from the dacha greenhouse. It stands empty and dull, as if asking: “Prepare me for the next season.” How best to do this?
Soil is a special complex natural formation. The system works according to the principles of self-regulation, and a person should not rudely interfere with the laws by which it develops and exists.
It turns out that in the winter cold, plants can quickly give a crop. In an apartment on the windowsill, you can get such unconventional healthy greens that you will not find in any vegetable market.
Not all plants are capable of producing fruits without pollination. In warm weather, this is usually no problem, insects do their job, and in cold weather, you will have to take care of pollination.
Valentina Laskina, Moscow: “I recently read in your newspaper that wild pollinating insects are much more resilient than domestic bees and better pollinate gardens, especially in bad weather.
Do you want miracle trees and unusual shrubs to grow in your garden? If so, then learn to graft plants. This will require not only skill, but also excellent, perfect tools.
For this, after planting, one or two of the strongest, most well-located shoots are left in the bush. On these shoots, all buds are removed from below up to a height of 30-40 cm.
Anna Bykova, Ramenskoye, Moscow region: "Apples, which had to be removed after a week or two, suddenly began to become covered with tiny brown spots, at first small
Vera Pichugina, Mikhnevo, Moscow region: "This spring, due to rainy weather and heavy floods, I could not sprinkle my fruit trees with anything. Instead of the expected white-pink
Gennady Zotov, Tver: "There were a lot of fallen apples this year. The trees seem to be healthy, and the fruits fall prematurely. Why is this happening?"
The pear leaves rolled into a tube are the result of the activity of the polyphagous tube worm. This beetle is fairly widespread, but usually causes minor harm.
Many people are very worried when a tiny butterfly appears in the apartment - a clothes moth, whose caterpillars in just a season can greatly ruin the clothes stored in closets.
Vera Skvortsova, Galich: "Apple trees of summer and autumn varieties grow in my garden. This year we have a good harvest. But I don’t know exactly when to harvest the fruits. How to determine these terms
Many summer residents have transformed their vegetable garden by creating stationary raised ridges, edged with wood or other material. Growing vegetables this way not only makes work easier
Patisson is a type of bushy hard-bark (ordinary) pumpkin. They eat both young ovaries and fruits, as well as larger ones, similar to plates with a border. Their pulp, although dense, is very tender.
Summer is in full swing and gardeners are starting to harvest. Since early spring, they have been grooming and nurturing their green pets and waiting for the plants to be thanked for their care.
In recent years, many housewives have complained that the seeds of peas, beans and beans that they store at home are severely damaged by some pest, after which they are no longer suitable for food.
In the middle lane and to the north, some gooseberries and currants began to turn red in June. One would think that they began to ripen before the deadline.
To make the horseradish juicy, even and fleshy, you can plant its cuttings now, and dig up the finished roots in the fall of next season, letting them gain strength in a year and a half.
In order for actinidia and lemongrass to grow well and bear fruit, they need not only to be properly planted, but also to install supports and regularly cut the vines. Today we will tell
The American Indians called it tomato, from the Spaniards and the French came the name tomato (love apple, golden apple), but we call this culture this way and that.
Actinidia are southern subtropical plants; in their natural environment they live in Japan, Korea, China, India and other countries B, and Southeast. Asia. In Russia, actinidia are common in the Far East
Fruits and berries are essential in human nutrition. Of greatest interest are those that contain a large amount of vitamins, trace elements and other substances.
If irga does not grow on your site, then, probably, you at least have heard of korinka. So the real scientific name for cinnamon is round-leaved irga, or ordinary. But she's not quite ordinary.
We are used to the fact that apricots grow mainly in the south. Much has changed in recent years. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, they can now be grown near Moscow.
Alla Kashina, Ramenskoye: "My grown-up children planted the entire plot with flowers and beautiful shrubs, leaving only a few beds for the garden. I'm not complaining, the garden has become very beautiful
Vegetables in the room are more demanding on the soil than on the garden bed, because in a pot the plant is forced to develop a root system in very cramped conditions. Therefore, the soil must be close to ideal.
All gardeners plant dill, but not everyone grows it juicy and lush. Often, skinny bushes are cast red or yellow and bloom quickly.
The fact is that the correct preparation of the site and the introduction of pre-planting fertilizers is 50% of the guaranteed yield within 3-4 years. After all, as the people say: "The earth
Recently, more and more columnar apple trees are found in gardens. They almost do not form lateral branches and grow into one trunk vertically upward, therefore they are usually called columns.
Both adults and children love sweet and fragrant garden strawberries, but it's a pity that you can feast on them in the Moscow region for only a month - from the end of June to the end of July. And so you want
It is known that it is not enough to grow and collect a rich harvest, it is important to preserve it. In preserves, compotes and jams, there are not too many valuable substances for which you worked so hard all season
If you want to replenish your garden with new varieties of apple and pear, rely on varieties that are winter-hardy and resistant to diseases and pests. When choosing and buying seedlings, be very careful.
Any gardener wants to sow seedlings early in order to get, as they say, a longer run in time and, therefore, an early harvest. But if you plant it sooner, you won't end up with a hassle!
Now I'll tell you about where I sow the seeds and why. Sprouted seeds of tomatoes and peppers of the first stage, as well as all cucumbers (they don't like picking), I sow in high transparent containers
Oddly enough, but the reason for the suppression of seedlings and vegetables on the windowsill can be ordinary water with which we water the plants.
Irina Sazonova, Troitsk: “I have long dreamed of planting jasmine with strawberry aroma in the garden, I finally bought it. Last year the bush bloomed profusely, but the promised fragrance was not there.
In our article, we are talking about general cleaning of the greenhouse, so that before early planting there are no pests and microorganisms left in the soil and construction details that contribute to the development of plant diseases.
Scarce information is given in books for gardeners about sawdust. It is only said that they acidify the soil. So summer residents are afraid to use sawdust. And in vain!
There is always something missing in the room for the growth of vegetables: sometimes there is not enough space, sometimes the soil is poor, sometimes it is dark outside the window. Everyone solves such problems in their own way. You can approach this comprehensively.
It is known that on cloudy days the light intensity on the windowsill is 10 times less than what plants need. Due to the lack of light, the sprouts stretch out, develop much more slowly
The author of the article is candidate of agricultural sciences.Sci. Lydia Yurina explains the causes and mechanism of sunburn of fruit trees in gardens at summer cottages. The publication introduces the varieties of fruit trees included
Most often in the middle lane, varieties that are valuable in taste, but not winter-hardy enough suffer from sunburn (for example, apple varieties such as "Lobo", "Spartan", "Melba", "Biforest", "Clos")
Cherry is one of the most beloved horticultural crops; gardeners love it for its early maturity. Most of its varieties begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting, and some even from the second year.
Bolotovskaya (Sverdlovsk Experimental Gardening Station) - the variety obtained from free pollination of steppe cherry. Late ripening variety (first decade of August).
Cherry has been known in Russia since the 12th century. It was widespread in Russian orchards and in terms of "importance" has always followed the apple tree. It was appreciated for its yield, delicious and healing fruits.
Common cherry is common in the European part of Russia. Its northern border is conventionally considered the line St. Petersburg - Vologda - Kirov. Limits cherry promotion to
Steppe cherry, it is also called Bushy, Siberian, Ural, Samara. The natural area of its distribution from the Center of Europe through Ukraine, the Volga region, the Southern Urals to Western Siberia.
Felt cherry, or it is also called fluffy. Chinese, Ando, Tomentosa. From China, it penetrated the Far East, and then into Siberia, the Urals and the European part of Russia.
Felt cherries propagate like currants by cuttings and seeds. The method of propagation by seeds is available to every gardener, while, as you know, plants are easier to adapt to new conditions.
The life span of the bushes is 12-13 years. Planting and care are the same as for currants and gooseberries. The authors had a chance to grow felt and common cherries in the Middle Lane
Sea buckthorn, say, in our suburbs began to spread back in the forties. The emergence of this culture was greatly facilitated by T.T. Trofimov.
Growing from seeds. It is better to sow seeds in spring, because during autumn planting during thaws, the seeds begin to germinate, and die in winter. But with seed reproduction about
Sea buckthorn prefers light sandy loam soils. If the soil is heavy, clayey, then before planting, it is necessary to add two to three buckets of river sand for each square meter.
Feed or not? How often do amateur gardeners ask themselves this question. And, of course, doubts are not in vain, since there is not always a need for summer feeding of fruit and berry plants.
Lettuce in Russia is cultivated everywhere: in the Far North and in the Arctic, in the south in the Middle zone. In the north, both head and leaf can be successfully grown. Its seedlings can withstand frosts down to -2 ° С
A shady seating area and a flat lawn, a small water mirror and several boulders nearby - not only will decorate the site by themselves, but will also increase the variety of plants
For an amateur who first received a plot for a garden and vegetables, its development can be a serious problem. Usually, this work should take 2-3 years.
Relief formation is the most important operation in preparing a site for planting. Those who got an area with a slope of the surface or, for example, with a ravine, should not be upset
Anatoly Kuzenko, Belgorod region: "I purchased a plot on the site of a former collective farm field. I am going to plant a garden in the spring. I have heard that all crops should be planted separately, and not alternately. Is that so?"
The beginning of the dacha harvest usually coincides with the purchase of seeds and occurs long before leaving the city. This is a very important stage in the life of a gardener, because yields largely depend on his success.
We will try to help you. It is precisely such plants, adapted to the short and cool summer, which is common in the middle lane, and not suffering from diseases, that breeders tried to create.
At the end of April, in order not to bother with sowing seeds and growing seedlings, you can immediately buy high-quality young plants of resistant varieties. The safest way to buy them is in large
Anatoly Bystrov. Taldom: We have high groundwater. In the fall, I made flower beds, holes for seedlings of fruit trees, filled them with fertilizers.Are there any features of planting and caring for plants in flower beds?
The main early spring event is spraying the plants at the very beginning of bud break. Please note that apple and pear trees may not be harvested due to weevils and other pests.
Our summer cottage village almost burned out this summer - there are peat bogs all around, and we have solid peat on our site. Is it possible to somehow change the structure of the soil?
Banding is the removal of bark all the way to the wood around tree branches. As a result of such an operation, nutrients are retained at the site of the ring, which contributes to
Pruning trees and shrubs correctly and on time will keep them healthy and look as beautiful as you want them to be. We are often completely in vain afraid to approach the plant and remove the excess.
The first one, sanitary, is simple, applies to most plants and is carried out to maintain their health. Even an inexperienced gardener can learn it. You need to start with it in any case.
Such trees take root well if they have not been outside the soil for too long. For better growth and development, root pruning is very helpful.
An experienced gardener understands: before planting something, you need to "know" the land. What is its composition, acidic or not, how many organic substances it contains, what is the density
The acidity (pH) or alkalinity of the soil is the reaction of the soil environment. The agrochemical properties of the soil and plant growth depend on this indicator. On soils with high acidity
The mechanical (granulometric) composition of the soil is the relative content of particles of different diameters in the soil. Soil contains four essential components
Soil moisture is the content of moisture in the soil in three states (solid, liquid and gaseous). Soil moisture is expressed as a percentage of dry soil mass or volume.
What berries to plant in the country
Examining a new, not yet cultivated land plot, a novice summer resident will certainly present broken beds, fruit trees, shrubs, lush flower beds. In order for all dreams to have enough real space, it is worth choosing 14 perennial edible crops for our garden, which are beautiful, useful, and unpretentious.
Are there such universal types? Of course, there are many of them among the well-known plants, the main thing is to find a worthy place for them and be able to take advantage of all the strengths of perennials.
A new land plot for a garden and a vegetable garden always seems endless. But when it comes to planting, there is not enough space for the embodiment of all ideas. Ornamental plants are most often "infringed upon". To make up for the lack of flower beds, and at the same time saving time on care and annual planting of flowers, you can pick up 14 perennial edible crops for our garden.
Fruit and berry bushes for our garden
First of all, you need to pay attention to shrubs. They will serve as an excellent backdrop for flowering perennials, ornamental ferns, cereals and other plants.
Planting of raspberries of traditional or remontant varieties is found in almost all summer cottages. Depending on the variety, the shrub forms a crop on the shoots of the first or second year of life. Plants have different heights, raspberries of modern varieties weigh from 5 to 12 grams and by the time of collection they are colored in all shades from white to purple-black.
In order for raspberries to perform the tasks of not only a fruit plant, but also an ornamental plant, it is planted in a narrow strip as a hedge. Varieties with long shoots are fixed on trellises.
The advantage of this landing is:
• better due to the proximity to flowers, pollination of raspberries and increased productivity of fruit shrubs
• protection of ornamental plants from sun and wind.
When planting raspberries on the site, you need to remember about the aggressiveness of the culture.So that powerful rhizome offspring do not clog other plants, a trench for planting on the sides is laid out with roofing material, slate or dense geotextile.
Garden blackberry is no less interesting as an ornamental culture. Plants with erect and lodging shoots grow well in the sun and in partial shade. The yield of modern varieties is not inferior, and sometimes even surpasses raspberries, and large white or pinkish flowers turn a plant with edible fruits into the brightest decoration of our garden.
Blackberry in landscape design is used as the basis of a green hedge between neighboring plots and within the territory, as well as as a ground cover plant for the foreground of flower beds. And in fact, and in another case, care should be taken to protect the plantings from the overgrowth of berry bushes.
You can enhance the effect of a blackberry hedge by choosing remontant varieties that bear fruit twice a year.
In our gardens, the edible crop is represented by numerous varieties of white, black and red currants. These plants are unassuming, do not require constant attention and regularly produce a bountiful harvest of aromatic vitamin berries. Shrubs keep their shape well, do not give abundant growth, like raspberries, and retain their greens from early spring to late autumn.
Currants lend themselves to shearing and can be used to create hedges. Single bushes in an open place form a beautiful dense crown, the decorative effect of which is maintained with the help of a small sanitary pruning.
A unique decoration of the site will be a wall made of several types of currants. These include:
• tall, golden currant with yellow flowers and berries of brown, orange-honey shade
• alpine currant with red edible fruits
• blood-red currant with clusters of delicate pink inflorescences.
A perennial plant with a capricious disposition annually pampers the summer resident:
• collected in a brush, white or pink large flowers
• rounded tasty fruits with juicy pulp and dark blue skin covered with a gray waxy bloom
• dense foliage, which in spring has a bluish-purple tone, turns green in summer, and yellow, golden and purple colors appear in the crown in autumn.
The game of varieties grown in Russia is a frost-resistant perennial. The plant lends itself well to shaping, which expands its scope in the garden.
The fruits of the irgi ripen gradually, so on the brushes at the same time you can see berries of dark gray, pink, lilac and greenish tones.
The emergence of frost-resistant large-fruited varieties of blueberries aroused the genuine interest of summer residents in this edible crop. Today nurseries offer small and large varieties that grow up to 2 meters in height with berries of dark blue, lilac and even pink color.
Depending on the selected variety, the shrub becomes a dense, low-growing curb or living wall along the edge of garden paths or on the border of the functional areas of the site.
The silvery lanceolate foliage and shoots are densely covered with orange berries that are not only edible, but incredibly healthy as well. This is a description of a sea buckthorn bush, which has long taken root in summer cottages.
Plants with a domed, easy-to-cut crown in the orchard take up quite a lot of space. But on the flowerbed, they will become an excellent shelter for flowers that do not tolerate direct sunlight. Sea buckthorn itself is drought-resistant, undemanding to the composition of the soil and fruitful. The main thing is that a "male" specimen grows near a shrub with a female type of flowering.
Lianas with edible fruits for our garden
Vertical gardening in a summer cottage is not only an excellent way to decorate the territory, but also a good opportunity to create a cozy shady recreation area with the help of plants, as well as get an additional harvest.
There are not so many unpretentious perennial vines for growing in the middle lane, and they all deserve the best place in the garden.
Until a few decades ago, vineyards were a characteristic feature of southern landscapes. Today, with the advent of winter-hardy varieties, grapes are grown by summer residents of the Moscow region and other regions of Russia.
Varieties based on Manchu grapes are famous for their special frost resistance, the curly foliage of which in the middle of autumn acquires an amazing golden-purple color. A little diligence and patience will help create a living shed or a gazebo based on the vine, and the brushes of ripe berries will perfectly complement the harvest basket.
Actinidia - a liana of Far Eastern origin in the middle lane bears fruit stably and survives the most severe winters. The fruits of the plant are rich in vitamins, have a sweet and sour dessert taste and are perfect for diet food and homemade preparations.
Modern varieties of actinidia are large-fruited and productive. And the variegated, pink, green and white foliage of the actinidia kolomikta complements the impression of culture and helps to decorate the tallest buildings.
Speaking about crops for our garden with edible fruits, lemongrass cannot be ignored. This deciduous vine attracts curious looks twice a year. In spring, white flowers with a voluminous core open.
After pollination, dense clusters of red rounded berries with excellent tonic properties appear in their place.
Herbaceous edible perennial plants for the garden
Herbaceous perennials, used as green or spicy-flavoring plants, are found in every vegetable garden. Moreover, many of these types are very decorative and can serve as a bright decoration for the entire site.
Rhubarb with juicy sweet and sour petioles and large leaves is easy to grow and can live in one place for up to ten years. Culinary experts appreciate rhubarb as a product for making pies, compotes and jelly, candied fruits and preserves. Landscape designers will definitely note the splendor of the leaf rosette that appears from under the snow and disappears only with the arrival of persistent cold weather.
The attractiveness of rhubarb is supported by the presence of varieties with green and pinkish petioles, as well as by the fact that the edges of the leaves are decorated with a wavy border.
Tall Jerusalem artichoke plants with bright chamomile flowers do not require special care, they can grow on any soil, and they respond to care with an enviable harvest of tasty and healthy tubers.
Slender stems with dark, dense leaves will serve as a transparent fence for a garden plot or a background for low-growing decorative deciduous and flowering plants.
Various types of perennial monarda have long found a place in the gardens and beds of the pharmaceutical garden. Plants with bizarre reddish-pink, lilac, purple inflorescences, in addition to beauty, have medicinal properties, and their leaves can be used as food as a seasoning and additive to marinades.
Monarda is an excellent melliferous plant, blooms for a long time, and the plant, unlike the related mint, does not creep over the site, for a long time retaining the appearance of a dense clump with vertical stems up to 100 cm high.
Among spicy and flavoring crops, some species are especially popular today, but few people know that Mediterranean herbs are easy to grow in their own area. Examples include thyme or thyme, and oregano or oregano.
These perennials are indispensable in Mediterranean cuisine, and their clumps, covered with lilac-pink fragrant inflorescences, will perfectly decorate any flower bed. Thyme is a miniature shrub that grows for a long time in one place, it can grow both on alpine slides and on the borders that border garden paths.
Ornamental types of onions enjoy the well-deserved love of gardeners. But edible crops of this genus are also very interesting.Chives with thin needle-like leaves and globular lilac, white or light pink inflorescences are an excellent candidate for moving to a flower bed.
In cooking, aromatic spicy herbs serve as a seasoning for salads, vegetables, meat and fish. In our garden, this edible perennial crop forms compact clumps, does not need constant attention and can decorate a rock garden, mixborder or the edge of a flower bed with tall species. Source site of GlavDacha.