Autumn planting of hyacinths in open ground

 Autumn planting of hyacinths in open ground


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Hyacinths are very beautiful flowers often used in landscaping. Blooming in early spring (late April and early May), they delight the eye in the midst of still dull vegetation just breaking through from the soil. They are very diverse in color, and from the point of view of agricultural technology, they are not at all more complicated than other traditional primroses. Planting hyacinths in open ground is almost always carried out in the fall.

The optimal timing for planting hyacinths in open ground in the fall

It is customary to plant bulbous flowers in autumn: spring planting is risky, and it is difficult to carry it out into soggy soil. During the summer, the bulbs of hyacinths gain the required amount of nutrients; by the onset of autumn, growth processes stop. During relative dormancy, the flower is transplanted into a new flower bed. If you plan to plant in August, then there is a danger that the rooted bulbs will begin to germinate, and when frost occurs, the shoots will freeze and the bulb will die. Late planting of hyacinths (at the end of autumn) can lead to the fact that they will not have time to give new roots and get used to the flower bed. For normal rooting of hyacinth bulbs, 3-4 weeks are needed relative to warm weather.

Hyacinths bloom early, but then all summer bulbs accumulate strength for later life.

Fortunately, autumn planting is much easier: the grower has enough time to thoroughly prepare the flower bed and planting material. After all, they dig up hyacinth bulbs at the end of summer, and they usually go on sale in August. The planting itself is carried out at a time that somewhat depends on the climate of the region. In addition, the real weather has an effect (it does not occur year after year), and the size of the bulbs: the largest ones are planted a little earlier than the small ones, since they “swing” in the soil for a longer time and form new roots. The difference in the timing of planting large bulbs (from 5 cm in size) and small (up to 3 cm) is about a week.

Comfortable conditions for normal rooting are considered to be a soil temperature (at a depth of 12-15 cm) equal to 5-10 aboutC, and its moderate humidity.

The approximate dates for planting hyacinths look like this:

  • South of Russia (Krasnodar Territory, North Caucasus) - October;
  • the middle lane, in particular, the Moscow region - September 20 - October 10;
  • northern regions, Leningrad region - September;
  • most of the Ural and Siberian regions - the last days of summer - mid-September.

Planting hyacinth bulbs outdoors

Autumn planting of hyacinth bulbs is carried out in almost the same way as planting tulips or daffodils, more familiar to novice flower growers, and does not present any difficulty.

Site selection, flower bed formation

The site for planting hyacinths is chosen out of the blue (a slight slope is permissible), where there is no stagnant melt water, cold winds do not blow. The place should not be illuminated by the sun all day: hyacinths like to be in partial shade for several of the hottest hours during the day. The hyacinths in the flowerbed should not be preceded by other bulbous plants. The soil should be light, fertile, loose, neutral in reaction (pH 6.5 to 7.0).

15–20 days before planting, the soil is carefully dug up with the introduction of sufficient doses of fertilizers.

  • 1 m2 plot take 1.5-2 buckets of humus, a handful of wood ash, 100-120 g of superphosphate.
  • Hyacinths respond well to trace amounts of magnesium (1 tablespoon of any of its salt per 1 m2).
  • Sand must be added to clay soils, acidic soils are limed by adding chalk, lime, dolomite flour (depending on the severity of the problem, from 200 to 500 g).
  • In the case of excessively sandy soil, peat or sod land can be added.

After digging and thoroughly removing the weeds, the soil is leveled with a rake. In rainy regions, a flower bed is formed 15–30 cm above the main ground level, making it any convenient size and shape. In arid areas, the flower bed, as a rule, is not raised.

The flower bed can be of any size, but the soil must be prepared carefully

Preparation of planting material

The best bulbs used for autumn planting are medium in size (4–6 cm), with the stem diameter being 1: 1.5 to the bulb itself. The bulbs should not show any traces of any disease, mechanical damage, mold, or the results of pest damage. They should be tight, slightly elastic. If planting material is purchased at a store, it is advisable to do this shortly before planting. Before planting, the bulbs must be disinfected. To do this, they are kept for up to half an hour in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. You can use other agents with fungicidal activity, for example, Fundazol strictly according to the instructions for the drug.

Bulbs must be perfectly healthy

Depth and landing pattern

Roughly, you can use the rule that the depth of the hole for planting hyacinth bulbs should be 2–2.5 times the diameter of the bulb itself. This means that the largest bulbs are buried to a depth of 15 cm, and the best, medium-sized ones - by 7-8 cm.

The smallest bulbs are often planted in a separate bed, to a depth of about 5 cm.

The planting pattern for hyacinths also depends on the size of the bulbs. A distance of 15–20 cm should be left between the largest ones, for small bulbs it is reduced to 10–12 cm... If the bulbs are arranged in rows, then they maintain a distance of 20-25 cm between the rows.

Landing

The bulbs are planted as follows.

  1. Holes of the required depth are prepared at the distances required according to the selected scheme. Sometimes, depending on the condition of the soil, it is easier to dig a common trench.

    Sometimes several bulbs are planted in one large hole.

  2. Drainage is placed on the bottom of holes or trenches - it can be fine expanded clay or just coarse sand with a layer of 3-4 cm. It is useful to add a little wood ash to the sand. In dry weather, the holes (trench) are watered a little.
  3. They put the bulbs on top of the drainage layer with practically no indentation (especially if the rudiments of the roots are already visible) and cover them with coarse sand to a third of the height, then fill the holes with the removed soil.

    Pressing the bulbs hard can damage the bottom.

  4. Watering after planting lightly - 1 watering can of water per 1 m is enough2.
  5. The flower bed is mulched with a small layer (1–2 cm) of any loose material (usually peat crumbs or humus are used).

Care in the fall after planting

Hyacinths require full care, consisting of the usual activities (watering, feeding, loosening the soil, weeding, etc.). However, in the fall, immediately after planting, they need almost nothing, especially if the fall is not too dry. In case of prolonged drought before winter, the flower bed is moderately watered 1-2 times more; if weeds have time to germinate, they are weeded out. Top dressing will only be required next year: in the early spring, urea is used, before flowering, potash fertilizers are given, it is possible in the form of an ash infusion.

When watering, it is necessary not to allow the erosion of the surface layer of the soil

It is important, especially in cold regions, to add mulch to the flower bed with the onset of real frosts. Serious shelter (for example, in the form of coniferous spruce branches or nonwovens) is required in the most problematic regions (Siberia, the Urals, areas with little snow with a continental climate). In most areas, it is enough to sprinkle 7-10 cm of peat, sawdust or fallen leaves of garden trees on the flowerbed for the winter. Mulch should be removed in the spring immediately after the soil has thawed.

Video: rules for planting hyacinths

Planting hyacinths is quite simple, but you should choose the right site for the flower bed and prepare it in advance. It is also important not to be mistaken with the timing of planting: it is carried out in September or October, depending on the region.


When to plant lilies in the fall in open ground: planting and transplanting dates

My mother is engaged in planting and growing flowers. And among all the variety of plants in the summer cottage, you can find such wonderful flowers as lilies.

Growing fragrant flowers does not cause difficulties for gardeners, but requires increased attention in care.

Compliance with the terms of planting of plants guarantees a lush and beautiful flowering every year. We have already talked about planting tulips, today let's take a closer look at all the subtleties of planting and transplanting flowers in autumn.

Timely care of flower beds after flowering in the summer will keep the garden beds well-groomed.


When and how to plant hyacinths in the garden

Since hyacinth is a plant that loves warmth, it is necessary to choose only a sunny area for planting it. In the wild, this culture grows in hot conditions. Hyacinth bulbs do not have a protective and dense peel, therefore, with an excess of moisture, they quickly rot. Plants, like crocuses, must be planted only on a flat area, where there will be no depressions and pits. The soil should be light, loose and breathable. Some growers put a good drainage layer on the bottom and form high bulk rows. Any drafts and winds can destroy the hyacinth. Therefore, the planting site must be protected from the winds. Bulbs of the same size are selected to ensure a simultaneous flowering period. They are planted at the same level.

Sandy loam soil for growing hyacinths must contain nutrients. Sandy loam soil is best suited. Heavy soil can be improved by adding sand and organic matter.

To prevent infection of hyacinths with various pests, the planting site must be changed periodically. This is best done every year. Hyacinths can only be planted in the same place after three years. Growing the plant after other bulbous crops with similar diseases is also not recommended. These include:

  • crocuses
  • tulips
  • daffodils.

Soil preparation

The soil for planting must be prepared in advance, back in August. Since its sediment can further damage the young roots of the plant, which are formed in the fall. The soil must be carefully processed to a depth of half a meter. It is fed with rotted manure and minerals. This can be done both in the spring and in the fall before planting. Superphosphate, magnesium sulfate and potash fertilizers are highly desirable for lush bloom. In the absence of potassium, ash can be used, and it is also recommended to take dolomite flour instead of magnesium. Nitrogen substances are introduced during the growing season - in the spring. Crocuses, daffodils and other flowers grown with bulbs are fertilized with the same substances.

Landing dates

Before planting hyacinth bulbs, the soil is loosened, cleaned of weeds and leveled. It is necessary to grow hyacinths in the same way as crocuses in the fall in advance so that the bulbs have time to put down the first roots before the onset of the first frosts. In temperate climates, plants are planted in late September - early October. Here it is important to correctly determine when to plant hyacinths - planting too early leads to the fact that the plants grow actively, and during the first frosts they die, and late planting will not allow the bulbs to take root, as a result, they will also die during the first frosts.

For this, an insulating material or film is suitable. This will also help protect the soil from snow and rain. Even after disembarkation, the covering material is left. In autumn, when cold weather sets in, it is advisable to insulate hyacinths with mulch. As this, peat, spruce branches or dry foliage, sawdust are used. In the spring, when the threat of the last frost has passed, the mulch is removed.

Planting material

To get a healthy and flowering hyacinth, in the spring it is necessary to choose the right bulbs, which should be intact, dense, with a smooth surface and without spots. You need to plant medium-sized bulbs. Such planting material is characterized by high resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions, and also gives beautiful flower stalks. Larger bulbs are used for forcing.

When the ratio of the diameter of the bottom and the bulb itself is 1: 1.5 or more, then such planting material is suitable for planting. Otherwise, the tubers are considered old and unusable. Hyacinth bulbs must be disinfected before planting. They are soaked in any fungicidal solution for half an hour. Depending on the size of the bulb, the planting depth is determined. A bulb with a diameter of more than 5 cm should be planted to a depth of 18 cm from the bottom, standard - 15 cm. In any case, the tuber should be buried in the soil by a third. If it is a light soil, then the planting material is planted 2 cm deeper. The distance between the bulbs planted in the garden should be no more than 20 cm. Accordingly, the smaller the tubers, the denser they are planted. The exact same planting principle applies when crocuses are grown.

The introduction of nutrients into the soil is carried out in the fall during digging or in the spring. To apply fertilizer to the hole, sand is used, which will provide drainage, as well as compost or humus. Sand as drainage will prevent disease infestation and root decay. The tubers are planted in the sand, pressing slightly. Then sprinkle with a small layer of sand, and on top with soil.

Both hyacinths and crocuses, planted in the garden, require anxious care and attention.


When to plant tulips in autumn

Before deciding on the timing of planting, you need to clarify a couple of important points:

  • If the bulbs are planted too early, the flowers may sprout in the fall. And the first frosts will damage the sprouts.
  • If the time is lost and the flowers are planted late, then the tulips do not have time to root well. And then in the spring the bulbs germinate later.

The most accurate determination of the time of planting the bulbs will help to measure the temperature of the soil at a depth of about 15 cm. For good rooting of the plant, it should be 8-10 degrees Celsius. It should be borne in mind that for good germination, the roots need a period of 20-25 days.

The surface of the earth can already be bound by a light frost, and the air temperature can be kept at the level of 0 .. + 2 degrees.

Autumn weather in some regions is rather unstable. In order not to miss the favorable period, you can measure the temperature of the soil at a depth of 10-15 cm.

Depending on the region

The date in which month to plant tulips in the fall depends on the region. Climatic autumn conditions vary greatly by region and these features cannot be ignored.

Below we will tell you when to plant tulips in the fall in the Moscow region, as well as in other regions and countries.

Middle lane

In Central Russia (Moscow region), tulips can be planted from early September to early October. At about the same time, gardeners are planting garlic before winter.

Autumn is usually rainy; night frosts are not uncommon at the end of September. In early October, wet snow falls.

Siberia

In the regions of Siberia, the difficulties in growing tulips are caused not only by deep freezing of the soil. Severe return frosts are a fairly common occurrence, which also creates problems. The mild summers are usually dry.

The harsh climate of the region forces the grower to be very careful when planting plants in winter. Autumn in the region is short, cold and rainy, which does not have a very good effect on the development of tulip bulbs.

They are lowered into the ground at the end of August-September, when the ground is shackled by the first frosts. If the weather remains warm in September, then the bulbs can be planted until the middle of the month.

Recommendation.

Experienced gardeners cover the planting of tulips and other perennial flowers in the fall with a layer of sawdust, peat or spruce branches. Additional protection of plantings from frost will help preserve the planting material in the winter with little snow.

The Ural climate is somewhat milder than the Siberian one. In the Middle Urals, tulips are planted in autumn in mid-September. In the southern regions of the Urals, it is advisable to plant bulbs in the first half of October.

South of the country

This applies to the Crimea, Kuban, Stavropol Territory and other regions with warm and mild winters, dry autumn, which allows you to take your time planting tulip planting material. It is optimal to immerse the bulbs in the soil in October, until the end of the month.

Ukraine

In Ukraine, September is characterized by rainy warm weather and is similar in temperature level to the southern territories of Russia. A suitable period for planting tulip bulbs is late September-early October.

Belarus

Depending on the region of the country, flower growers plant bulbous plants from the beginning of September to October.

Lunar calendar 2020

The lunar calendar for 2020 will help determine the dates for planting tulips in autumn. Suitable days for planting tulip bulbs:

  • August: 5-10
  • September: 3-9, 15, 16, 19-21, 24-30
  • October: 3-6, 8-11, 13-15, 36-28
  • November: 5-9

  • August: 3, 4, 19
  • September: 2, 17, 18
  • October: 16, 17, 31
  • November: 14-16, 29, 30

Bulbous plants are best planted in the days of Taurus (then they bloom especially long and beautifully). Libra is also a powerful fertile sign.

It is not worth planting tulips in the fall under the sign of Cancer, this reduces their winter hardiness. We also do not recommend Pisces - rotting is possible.

Video: features of planting tulips in October


What to do with daffodils after planting

So, you have completed the activity, now what to do with the daffodils? It is not difficult to care for a perennial bulbous plant after planting in the fall, but it is important to perform a number of important care measures.

It is imperative to implement place mulching with bulbs. Mulch will protect them from winter frost and cold weather. As a mulching material, you can use, for example, fallen castings, low-lying peat, rotted sawdust, spruce branches. The optimum layer thickness is 10 centimeters.

Note! In the spring, you need to remove all the mulch from the flower garden.

Besides mulch, it is recommended mark a flower garden with daffodils, so as not to accidentally trample the flower garden after winter. You can mark the boundaries with cones, pebbles, or put pegs and pull the twine.

Otherwise, all daffodil care takes place in the spring and summer. It is necessary to fertilize, loosen, water, weed, remove faded peduncles. After about 5 years, you need to dig up the bulbs and transplant them to a new place in the garden.


Features of growing bulbous flowers

Growing hyacinths is not an easy process. These flowers are quite capricious, they make special demands on the place of planting, soil composition, degree of humidity. Bulbous flowers also need constant care: several dressings, moderate watering, digging, storage and annual transplantation.

Buying bulbs

Growing any flowers begins with the purchase of planting material. As a rule, hyacinths are propagated by bulbs, so the grower will need to purchase high-quality and healthy bulbs of these flowers.

To determine the specimens of bulbs suitable for planting, it is necessary to identify them with the following signs:

  • the diameter of the bulb should be medium - no more than 4-6 cm (in double and yellow varieties, as a rule, the bulbs are smaller)
  • the size of a healthy bulb, usually 1.5 times the diameter of the base
  • externally, flower bulbs should be beautiful, glossy and clean
  • to the touch, the planting material is elastic, dense, without traces of rot and other lesions.

Site preparation

The transplant of purchased bulbs must be carried out correctly - the splendor and abundance of hyacinth flowering depends on this. One of the most important steps in growing these flowers is a properly selected and well-prepared planting site.

Lovers of bulb hyacinths should consider the following features of these flowers:

  1. The lighting on the site should be bright, but at the same time, direct sunlight will greatly reduce the flowering time of hyacinths. As a rule, they try to plant these flowers near trees or shrubs in order to prolong their flowering.
  2. The soil in the flower bed should be loose, well-drained, with neutral acidity. In heavy soils, it is imperative to add baking powder in the form of sand or peat. Sour soil must be limed with dolomite flour or other means.
  3. Groundwater should not lie close to the ground, as the "rain flower" does not tolerate waterlogging - the bulbs will rot. For the same reason, the place for planting these flowers is chosen on a slope, high beds are created, and drainage is taken care of.
  4. Strong winds and drafts are also dangerous for delicate flowers, so it is recommended to plant bulbs near natural defenses (hedge, wall, tree or shrub).
  5. You can not fertilize hyacinths with fresh organic matter (neither at the time of transplantation, nor later), as this often leads to the development of fungal infections that pose a great danger to bulbous plants.

Landing in the ground

As a rule, planting hyacinths in open ground in the spring is not performed - in central Russia, the bulbs are transplanted in the fall. The most suitable time for this is the period from the end of September to the second decade of October. It is very important here to plant hyacinths in the ground not too early and not too late: in the first case, the flowers will start to grow and freeze with frost, the second situation is dangerous because the hyacinths will not have time to root properly and will not survive the winter either.

It is recommended to prepare the soil for planting hyacinths in advance - two months before transplanting, the site is dug up, having previously scattered fertilizers on the ground. If you do not dig up the ground in advance, there is a high risk of bulbs falling through during soil shrinkage.

Fertilizers for "rain flowers" should be complex. Per square meter you will need:

  • 70 grams of superphosphate
  • glass of wood ash
  • 250 grams of limestone (if soil acidity exceeds 6.5)
  • a bucket of compost or humus
  • peat and river sand, depending on the composition of the soil.

The bulbs should be planted to a depth that is three times their diameter. For example, onions up to 5 cm in size are planted to a depth of 12-15 cm, for larger bulbs you need holes 15-18 cm deep.

The recommended spacing between adjacent hyacinth bulbs is 15-20 cm. In order for the flowers to grow evenly, they are planted at the same depth and approximately the same onion size is chosen for each row.

It is best to plant hyacinths in a sand jacket. To do this, three centimeters of river sand should be poured onto the bottom of each hole during planting. Then the bulb is placed on the sand of the bottoms down (do not press!). A little sand is poured on top again, and then the hole is already covered with soil. After transplanting, the flowers need to be watered lightly.

Care advice

Taking care of hyacinths is not easy - these flowers are capricious and demanding. But with the right approach and little attention from the grower, it will be enough for a lush and long flowering.

Bulb flower care should consist of the following steps:

  1. Weeds in the flowerbed must be removed, as hyacinth does not tolerate such a "neighborhood".
  2. The soil is regularly loosened, and in order not to do this, you can mulch the flower bed with organic matter.
  3. Watering the flowers is required only in dry and hot weather. Hyacinth is the case when excess moisture is more dangerous than lack of moisture. The depth of soil soaking during watering should be 15-20 cm.
  4. Feed "rain flowers" should be three times per season. How to feed, the florist decides. The following scheme is optimal: after the sprouts appear, ammonium nitrate can be added during the budding period, nitrate is mixed with superphosphate and potassium chloride when the flowering period ends - potassium and nitrate are added in equal proportions.

After flowering, the stems of the hyacinths should be pruned, but the flowers continue to be watered and cared for until the leaves are completely dry.

Digging and storing bulbs

When the leaves of the flowers are dry, their bulbs must be dug up and stored until the next planting (in the fall). Usually, the tubers are dug out at the end of June, but the exact timing depends on the flowering time of a particular variety.

Dug out onions should be washed and inspected for infection or mechanical damage. It is better to disinfect the selected high-quality planting material by placing it in a rich pink solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes.

After disinfection, the tubers of hyacinths are dried, dry scales are separated from them, and the roots are cut off. Now the planting material needs to be folded into tight fabric bags, opaque plastic containers or cardboard boxes.

For the first 1.5-2 months, hyacinths are stored in a dark place with a temperature of about 23-25 ​​degrees. Subsequently, they need to be removed to a cooler place where the air temperature does not exceed 17 degrees (a dry basement is suitable).

For this, cruciform incisions are made at the bottom of the largest bulbs - after a while several children will appear there. These processes are separated and grown in pots for several years.


Planting hyacinth in an apartment

Under natural conditions, hyacinth is a primrose that blooms in mid to late spring. But indoors, flowering can be significantly accelerated and the plant can be made to bloom by any date, for example, by Christmas, New Year or March 8th. For this, the bulbs are taken out of the state of "sleep", creating certain conditions. The process was named "distillation". Hyacinths give in to her quite easily. Luxurious fragrant flowers are easy to get at home.

Hyacinth can be grown in two ways: in a substrate or in water. As a potting mix, a composition of:

  • garden land
  • peat
  • sand.

All components must be taken in equal quantities and mixed thoroughly, so that the result is a light and loose substrate. Hyacinth also needs good drainage; it can be made from pieces of broken brick or expanded clay.

Pot selection

The capacity should be small, the best option would be to use pots with a diameter of 1.5 times the size of the onion. You can also use wider bowls if you plan to plant several plants in one bowl. In this case, select the container according to the size of the planting material, the bulbs should be positioned so that there is a distance of about two centimeters between them.

There is no need to transplant store-bought hyacinth. The flower can only be covered with a paper cap to make the peduncle larger.

Preparing for forcing

  • Only large and healthy bulbs are suitable for forcing.
  • Keep the bulbs for forcing in a dry place for about a week. During this time, they will ripen.
  • Put a layer of drainage in the prepared container, pour coarse sand on it, which will protect the planting material from decay.
  • Fill the container with the prepared substrate.
  • Plant a hyacinth bulb in the potting mix, burying it half or two-thirds of its height.
  • Water the soil lightly, the soil should not be wet, otherwise rotting will begin.
  • Cover the pot with a dark material as the rooting process should take place in the dark.
  • Transfer the pot of the planted onion to a cool room with a temperature of 5–9 ° C. You can put it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, designed for storing vegetables, or take it out to the balcony.

Forcing hyacinths planted in the ground

When the leaves of the hyacinth grow 8-10 cm, remove the dark cloth from the pot, transfer it to a bright place and start watering the plant. Thus, the time for distillation of the peduncle begins, which takes 3-4 weeks. Based on this, the flowering time can be predicted. For example, to get blooming for the New Year, you need to get the hyacinth from a cool and dark place in early December.

To get blooming for the New Year, you need to get the hyacinth from a cool and dark place in early December.

The temperature of the hyacinth content during this period should be from 10 to 20 ° C. At a higher rate, the flowering will be short.
Accustom the plant to the room temperature gradually, since with a sharp change in conditions, the flower will begin to grow leaves to the detriment of flowering.
During this period, the hyacinth must shorten the daylight hours, since in bright light the peduncle will grow short. To do this, growers use a cap made of dark paper or cover the plant with an opaque plastic glass (first for the whole day, then half, and then for part of the day). It is recommended to use this simple device until the peduncle rises above the leaf blades.

It is recommended to use a glass shelter until the peduncle rises above the leaf blades.

When the hyacinth begins to bloom, you can remove the cap and enjoy the flowering of the plant.


Watch the video: Basics of growing hycinth bulbs indoors and outdoorsWinter and Early spring blooms


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