Plants, whose homeland is the arid regions of Africa and South America and Asia, are unpretentious in care, as they spent their whole life in difficult conditions and adapted to them. Their home-grown ornamental species share the same qualities, but those who cannot devote enough time to grooming should choose house plants from the list below.
Nolina or Bocarnea
It grows naturally in Mexico and South America. The leaves are narrow, long, so little moisture evaporates. Because of this shape of the leaves, the plant is also called “Horse's Tail.” The trunk is in the form of a bottle, expanding to the bottom, where water accumulates. Thus, the plant will survive the drought period. Another name "Elephant's foot" or "Bottle foot" is just because of the characteristic trunk of the plant. Care for the decorative look of Nolina is quite simple. During the dormant period, from November to March:
- watering once a month;
- spraying the leaves with water at room temperature;
- preferred air temperature: up to +15 degrees.
- abundant watering, but only when the earth is completely dry;
- placement in a well-lit place, even on the balcony.
You need to water in a special way - pouring water into the sump. With this method, it is difficult to harm the plant with improper watering. Nolina's roots penetrate the soil shallowly, so the pot needs to be low. Can be grown hydroponically, loves rocky soil. This is another plus, because you can forget about watering.
More than 1000 species of Ficus are known. The popular species is rubbery, due to its unpretentiousness and resistance to drought. It got its name from the juice with a high rubber content. The leaves are large, dark green in color, or with white stripes. In nature - on the islands of Indonesia and in India - the ficus grows up to 30 meters in height, throwing out side shoots. At home, it grows no higher than 2 meters, gives side shoots rarely and only with certain care. During the dormant period October-March:
- ambient temperature - from 15 to 20 degrees;
- if you maintain a high level of humidity, you can water once a month.
during the spring-summer growth period:
- watering once a week;
- placement under bright diffused light.
To stimulate more leaves, prune the top off; if you follow these simple rules, the ficus will grow and produce side shoots. Thanks to its leaves, it is grown - large, rich in color. Very well suited for compositions.
The botanical name is Sansevieria. Due to the long, vertical leaves of the characteristic coloring, it is also called the “Pike Tail.” Originally from Africa, therefore it is resistant to irregular care. The roots are adapted to prolonged droughts, they do without watering for a long time, up to one and a half months. If you follow simple rules - bright diffused light, warmth, moderate watering, it can bloom. The flowers are cute and smell good. Various superstitions are associated with this flower, but it is scientifically proven that it emits a large amount of oxygen in the room and, like ficus, absorbs harmful chemicals from the air. Sansevieria is a favorite flower for decorating public places - clinics , schools, offices. For the home, you can find a species with an unusual leaf shape - arrow-shaped or conical, for example, "Hanni" or "Futura".
This is a resident of South Africa. Forms a lush bunch of long, thin, variegated leaves. In the spring, it releases small flowers along the stems and gives out shoots that can take root in someone else's pot if it stands nearby.
- during the rest period, he loves coolness, a temperature of 10-12 degrees, it can easily withstand drying out of the soil several times;
- in the summer, in hot weather, it is necessary to spray.
It can withstand darkening, but in bright diffused light, the color of the leaves becomes saturated. Chlorophytum is known to disinfect indoor air. In a day, it can eliminate up to 70% of bacteria near itself. Good property to keep at home.
Succulents - desert dwellers
A group of plants from the desert regions of South America and Africa. Dignity - in the variety of types, sizes and shapes. You can compose compositions on windowsills, in florariums. Such a gift will be unusual, does not require special care and will delight for a long time. Succulents include aloe, cacti, crassula, echeveria, Kalanchoe, agave. They can withstand a long absence of watering, and the lower the temperature, the less often they are watered. If it is below 9 degrees, you need to water it every 2-3 months. All succulents are desert inhabitants, therefore they love warmth and sunlight, but not everyone likes direct rays. Cacti grow in open places, so they withstand bright daylight, but Crassula tolerates morning and evening light better. When choosing a place for each succulent, you need to know the lighting requirements for a particular species.
The scientific name is Zamioculcas. A spectacular plant with dark green leaves, it grows up to 1 meter in height. It is found naturally in South Africa and gets along well with the most forgetful owners. In winter, at low temperatures, you can not think about watering for up to 1 month. Its roots are in the form of tubers in which water is stored. In summer, in the heat, watering is moderate, only when the top layer of the earth is dry. It feels good in a humid room, it is better if there is a humidifier in the room. Like all succulents, it loves diffused sunlight. Recently, it is credited with the properties of positively influencing the luck and financial well-being of the owner.
Originally from East Asia. Grows in tropical forests, unpretentious to watering and light. You can put it anywhere in the apartment. It has a developed root system, no stems, bright green graceful smooth leaves. This elegant plant will brighten up any interior. It can bloom, but only for one day in the summer. Watering in winter is rare, a break of up to a month will last, but once or twice, no more. A beautiful legend is associated with Aspidistra that she indicates a danger. Where a flower grows, there are many snakes. When they crawl, the leaves rustle and this is a sign that you need to be careful.
The botanical name is Hoya. An unpretentious plant from South Asia. In the tropics, it grows on rocky slopes, clinging to rare trees, reaching a length of 10 meters. At home, it grows less - up to 5 meters. Leaves of regular shape, dense, covered with wax. It blooms in beautiful inflorescences of pale pink and white. The flowers exude a wonderful honey aroma and drops of nectar, thick as wax. It is harmless, so it can be used anywhere in the apartment. For Hoya to bloom for a long time, provide her with protection from direct sunlight and cold drafts. Care recommendations are already familiar:
- during the dormant period, autumn-winter - moderate watering, once a month, the temperature is not lower than 15 degrees;
- spring-summer - watering more often, but as the top layer dries, spraying during the heat.
This plant is ampelous, if desired, it can be formed as a liana or bush. Achieve shape by trimming new shoots or clinging to hanging shelves. All flowers that come from deserts and arid areas have common characteristics. Combine them with each other and create beautiful compositions. It will be easy to take care of, since the recommendations for care are equally simple. Such houseplants are well suited for a novice gardener and those who are away from home for a long time.
The most unpretentious indoor plants
Such plants do not require daily watering and spraying, they tolerate partial shade well, and they can be transplanted once every few years. But still, you should not completely forget about such plants, you will have to make at least a minimum of effort.
One of the most unpretentious plants is fat woman (Crassula or Zhiryanka), or the well-known "Money Tree". Many believe that it will bring prosperity to the family, especially if you steal the sprout rather than buy a finished plant. The fat woman is quite unpretentious to the composition of the soil. It does not need frequent watering, but it is undesirable to overdry the ground - the lower leaves will begin to fall off.
Heart-shaped philodendron Is a very beautiful climbing plant. It adapts well to low light and temperatures down to 15 ° C. You should be careful if you have small children or animals in the house - the leaves and stems of the philodendron are very poisonous. You should not completely abandon this plant, just place it higher.
Pleasing to the eye graceful chlorophytumalso known as the "spider". It has narrow, long, curved leaves and small white flowers. The flower is very hardy, tolerates irregular watering well, is not afraid of dry air. Growing rapidly.
Spathiphyllum also quite unpretentious. It blooms almost all year round with delicate white flowers, grows quickly. It does not require special care. The only thing - do not allow the soil to dry out too much and, if necessary, transplant into a larger pot.
Pelargonium (geranium) and Christmas cactus (Christmas tree) can also be attributed to flowering unpretentious plants. Pelargonium will delight the eye with beautiful luxurious flowers, even if you did not find the time to transplant or rejuvenate it in time. Christmas tolerates low light levels and insufficient watering well.
Sansevieria, or "mother-in-law's tongue", grows well both on southern windows and in dark corners of the room. Does not suffer from dry air and tolerates irregular watering normally. It can be transplanted every few years, but it is not necessary to feed it.
Of course, we cannot fail to mention the plants that our grandmothers loved to grow on windowsills - these are aloe and kalanchoe... They are very resilient and can withstand almost any conditions. And at the same time they have healing properties, in folk medicine they treat a lot of diseases.
Leaves coleus very beautiful and bright. It is enough for the plant to provide good lighting and warmth.
Zamioculcas well tolerates breaks in watering the soil and poor lighting, does not require regular fertilizing and replanting. The only requirement is that the soil should not be too dense.
They are very popular cacti... These plants grow well both on sunny windowsills and away from a light source. Many owners calmly leave them even for several weeks without watering, and after returning from vacation, they find their thorny favorites in good health.
There are still a lot of fairly unpretentious plants that do not require particularly careful care and special conditions. These are fuchsia, ivy, abutilone, dracaena, asparagus, scindapsus, aspidistra and many others.
Whoever saw this indoor plant at least once wants to decorate his house with it. This plant blooms almost throughout the year and is distinguished by its undemanding and hardiness.
Watering should be done about once every 8-10 days, using lukewarm water. After each irrigation, the sump must be emptied; prolonged stagnation of water is contraindicated. Katarantus is appreciated not only for its appearance, but also for its medicinal properties. For a long time, our ancestors used this plant to treat diseases of the upper respiratory tract, lower blood sugar levels, as well as for benign and malignant tumors.
On the summer cottage there is necessarily an area allotted for garden crops. If you are a novice summer resident, do not overdo it - start with small beds, as it were, separate islands that are easier and more pleasant to process. Large areas occupied by crops that require careful care (systematic watering, fertilizing, processing, performing other work) will not leave time, and the main purpose of the dacha is not work to the point of exhaustion, but rest.
First, write down a list of crops that you will need fresh daily.
Determine their location on the garden plot or outside it (for example: along the paths, in the form of a vegetable bed with green or spicy-flavored crops).
Highlight areas that are shady and sunny. Shaded areas will be planted with crops that do not require direct sunlight.
Allocate a sunny plot for the main vegetable garden, where crops will grow that require a larger area of nutrition, sunlight, frequent watering, etc. Do not cover the entire area with vegetables.
Plant the part that is feasible for processing, and leave the rest, temporarily turning it into a natural, so-called, Moorish lawn. 1-3 years of rest under the grasses will improve the soil. Avoid insemination of weeds in an empty area. Mow the tops at the onset of mass flowering, and the green grass mass will rot during autumn and winter, adding organic matter to the soil.
Lay the beds set aside for vegetable-green crops in such a size that it is easy to reach from the path to process the plants. The optimal dimensions are 1.0 meters wide and 2-3 meters long. Leave the paths 0.5-0.6 meters. It is inconvenient to work on narrower ones, especially when watering, feeding, spraying. It is easy to cover such beds from frost with a film or other covering material.
To ward off pests, plant garden beds with marigolds, calendula, nasturtium, and other natural insecticides. You will get a country-style vegetable garden and at the same time, the need for spraying against pests will be significantly reduced.
Of course, all vegetable crops can be grown in the garden. However, when starting to prepare garden beds, think about how much is needed for the family and whether you need to grow the entire list of crops. Maybe it is more correct and more practical to choose only the most necessary fresh ones in the daily menus, and the rest can be painlessly bought on the green market or in specialized stores?
Now let's find out in more detail about the cultivation of some of the most unpretentious vegetable crops.
For a list of unpretentious garden crops, see the next page.
The seeds of marigolds are so interesting - like long needles, thin and flat, black in color with a white-yellow tip.
They retain their germination capacity for 3-4 years. You can buy them for the first time, and then collect your own from the dried inflorescences.
Marigold flowers are grown in seedlings and only in the southern regions directly into the ground. So I was lucky)). But hybrid terry varieties, such as in the photo - cute balls - I also first sow on seedlings in March - April.
Seedlings appear quickly, after 5-7 days.
And when the threat of frost has passed, they can be planted in the ground.
Choose sunny places, as marigolds grow poorly in the shade, and away from water bodies - they do not need excess moisture. But any soil will suit them.
The distance between the bushes is from 15-20 to 30-40 cm, depending on the type - low or tall.
Marigolds are sown in the open field at the end of May, and the seedlings are thinned out.
If you need to close some gap after flowers that have faded in spring, for example, bulbs - tulips, daffodils, then you can transplant marigolds to this place, they are calm about transplanting, and when they are already blooming.
The most unpretentious houseplants No ratings
In addition to cacti and palms, which are widespread in the gardening of apartments, there are a number of other unpretentious houseplants.
One of them is the hardy chlorophytum with striped white-green leaves. Chlorophytum is a fast growing plant that blooms every year, loves moist soil and does not require frequent replanting. This plant also cleans the air from harmful substances.
Sansevieria, in the common people "pike tail" or "mother-in-law's tongue", grows in any light, does not require frequent transplantation and feeding. This plant cannot be waterlogged, so it does not need to be watered often, and in winter you can completely refrain from watering.
Crassula oval, or "money tree", is also a rather unpretentious house plant that does not require frequent watering, but it should not be left completely without water either. Crassula can grow in any light, but prefers to live on the south side of the apartment. For a "money tree", a small pot and the addition of sand to the soil are best suited.
A very unpretentious plant is zamiokulkas, it feels great even in poor lighting, does not require frequent watering and special conditions for the composition of the soil.
An unpretentious plant to care for - aspidistra, similar to a lily of the valley with large, wide leaves, tolerates cold and heat, and the absence of bright sunlight. It is advisable to wash the aspidistra leaves once every two weeks, and water the plant as the soil dries out in the pot.
Spathiphyllum blooming all year round prefers warmer places in the house and does not like drafts, so in winter it is better to put spathiphyllum pots on the southern windows. In addition to sunlight, this plant loves large pots and not very frequent watering.
Liana-shaped golden scindapsus with rounded or heart-shaped leaves can reach more than a meter in length, therefore it likes to grow on the wall. The plant has properties that absorb harmful substances, including smoke and carbon monoxide, and therefore it is often placed in the kitchen. It is also quite light-loving, in the absence of sunlight, the light spots inherent in them may disappear on its leaves.
Asparagus, which adapts to any conditions, requires spraying only in hot summer, and in winter it is preferable to place it in a room with a temperature of no higher than 15 degrees, it is possible on a glazed balcony.
It must be remembered that any, even the most unpretentious houseplants require minimal care, attention and care.