Perennial begonia - Sow, plant, care

Perennial begonia - Sow, plant, care

Perennial begonia: the shade has found its light!

The perennial begonia is an interesting plant in the garden, especially in the shade garden, or for shaded areas of larger gardens. It is a plant which benefits from a rapid development, as it is easily reseeded. Perennial begonia produces small bulbs under the leaves which also help the plant to thrive. The foliage of the plant is dead and disappears as soon as the thermometer approaches zero. It is a plant that blooms generously from summer until fall, where its lights will slowly fade until the following spring.

There are several varieties of begonias such as tuberous begonias whose large sizes give superb flowers as well.

Botanical name of perennial begonia:

• Begonia spp (several species)

Type of plant

• Plant: perennial
• Foliage: lapsed
• Type of plant: hardy (between -8 and -20 ° C depending on the variety)
• Family: begoniaceae, begoniaceae
• Harbor : upright stems
• Exhibition: shade to partial shade
• Plantation: spring
• Culture Zone: Mild climate

Particularity of perennial begonia

• The plant produces bulbils in the axils of the flowers.
• Perennial begonia requires deep, cool and humus soil. He likes shady exposure. Some species require protection with a mulch of dead leaves in the height of winter.

Benefits in the garden

• Easy and quick plant growth and integration into the garden. Magnificent foliage.

What soil to plant this perennial begonia?

• Soil always fresh and rich, humus.

When to sow it?

For sowing:

• Bulbils for sowing, form in the axils of the leaves.
• When they reach about 2 mm in diameter, this is when they should be removed for reseeding.

How to sow the Perennial Begonia?

• Take some of the bulbils.
• Prepare a bucket filled with a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.
• Place the bulbils on the surface, barely covered (3 to 5 mm) with potting soil.
• Water.
• The substrate must be kept cool.

A word from the amateur gardener: Seedlings in the ground.

• It is possible to sow them directly in the garden with results that are less easy to assess.
• Work the soil without turning it over half the height of a spade.
• Add potting soil and mix.
• Tamp lightly with the back of a rake.
• Place the bulbils, leaving some distance between them.
• Cover with 5mm of potting soil which must remain cool.

When to plant perennial begonia?

• Installation in a bucket in the spring, from April.

What exhibition?

• Shade to partial shade.

How to plant perennial begonia?

• If the conditions are right, it is not necessary to amend the soil for planting begonia.

• Usually delivered in pots, begonias are easy to set up.
• Choose the planting area
• Spade at the height of the spade to facilitate the adaptation of the plant
• Place the cups in a bucket for a few seconds
• Place the cups every 30-40 cm.
• Recap


Mulching in winter: the perennial begonia will lose its leaves and stems quickly, as soon as the porch temperatures reach “0” to allow a faster recovery in spring and especially to prevent some plants from overwintering, lay down a mulch of dead leaves on the planting area.

Flowering of perennial begonia:

• Perennial begonia flowers from July to October.

Some varieties of begonias:

Begonia Grandis Evansiana: nearly 1 meter tall, this begonia produces light green leaves with a red underside. The leaves are translucent and cordy. The plant is rustic (-20 ° C) and exists in several colors of which Alba for the most famous, the flowers are small and "in cluster".
Begonia Sutherlandii: It is a small variety that peaks at 30-40cm in height. It is less resistant to low temperatures, with hardiness at -10 ° C.

Agrees with

• Hostas, ferns, fuchsias, heuches

With or without a garden ...

ATa garden: In massif, in undergrowth, on the edge ...
• Syears old garden : in a large container, be careful with watering, always fresh soil.

Quick sheet:

Creative Common’s KENPEI’s photo on

  • Type: flower and flowering plant
  • Height: from 0 to 30 cm, from 30 to 60 cm
  • Flower colors: red, white, pink, yellow, orange
  • Desired exhibition: shaded, semi-shaded
  • Foliage : persistent or obsolete
  • Soil type: well drained
  • Sanitizing: no
  • Varieties: hardy begonia, bedding begonia, erecta begonia, rex begonias, bamboo begonia.

The begonia is a flowering plant, robust, from the Begoniaceae family. There are nearly 900 different species that come in very different sizes, shapes, colors and foliage.

Begonia is native to southern and central America and Asia. There are annual varieties, low plants with small flowers, and tuberous begonias with large round flowers and bright colors. You can grow begonia either outdoors in the garden (then prefer varieties with an upright habit, perfect for a flower bed), or in a pot on a terrace or balcony (in this case, you can also opt for a species at drooping port).

To note : it is often ignored, but the flowers of begonia are completely edible! They can be used to decorate dishes, but also to make jams with a good tangy taste.

Morphology of delosperma

Its small, fleshy leaves are cylindrical and pointed, pale green to glaucous green in color. The stems creep out and develop into a dense mat. However, their growth is rather slow so your garden will not be invaded. Considered a ground cover, purslane produces spectacular blooms from June to the end of September. Its flowers, measuring 3 to 6 cm in diameter, are so numerous that they almost cover the foliage and their shiny appearance is remarkable from afar. Their colors vary from pink to red, through purple and even yellow. In addition, the flowers of the most common species have the particularity of closing in the evening.

Ideal plant for dry soils

Soil and exposure

In order to have profuse flowers, delosperma needs full sun or a partially shaded place, but only during the hottest hours of the day. Regarding the soil, it can be dry, not very fertile, even stony, but above all, it must be well drained. Always plant 4 or 5 delosperma cooperi per m2. Generous watering is mandatory after planting.

Sowing, cuttings and planting

Cooper's purslane should be sown in the spring in a sandy mixture. However, it is certainly easier to take stem cuttings in the summer. Delosperma multiplies easily. When a stem hits the ground, it becomes a new root.

Planting takes place in the spring

Maintenance advice

Currently, it is a succulent that can be grown in pots, but the best option is to use it as a ground cover in dry gardens. In addition, the rods are upholstered to resist the wind. However, you must be careful when handling them because they break easily. So it's best to let the plant fend for itself and adapt to where it grows.

Purslane likes full sun

Delosperma can rot if soaked in moisture. Don't water it then, and don't worry about it when it is in full sun and dry in the summer. It is just at the end of summer that you can prune the stems if necessary and add some organic fertilizer. You can also do this in the spring to improve flowering. Remove wilted flowers as you go to protect the plant from exhaustion. Finally, every 2 or 3 years it is good to regenerate the feet by division of the tuft. This treatment is normally reserved for fall or early spring.

Diseases and enemies

In fact, this plant is not very susceptible to diseases and pests.

Delosperma does not need special maintenance

Ground cover plant that forms a thick carpet

The genus includes about 120 species

Purslane tolerates winter temperatures

The flowering consists of flowers whose shape is reminiscent of daisies

Delosperma with white flowers

The colors of the flowers vary mainly in shades of pink, white and yellow

Delosperma is also called ficoid

This species of plant likes sandy soils, rather poor

Caring for perennial geranium

Cut back the stems after they have flowered to stimulate the appearance of new flowers and avoid depleting your perennial geraniums.

Perennial geranium is fairly drought tolerant, and once properly established, it should be content with passing rains and water from the soil to develop normally.

In case of hot weather and / or prolonged drought, you can water to stimulate flowering.

Each spring, adding geranium fertilizer will dramatically improve the flowering and growth of your perennial geranium.

Should you prune perennial geranium?

Beginning in the fall, it may be a good idea to remove old branches and anything that has dried on the plant to restore vigor.

Maintenance to be given to the crops in place

  • Perennial aromatic and medicinal: divide the strains of wormwood, hyssop, mint, chives, oregano and savory
  • Endive: continue to force by pulling the endives and transplanting the chicory in the cellar after having cut all the leaves (more information at Yannick)
  • Leeks: continue to butter the leeks at least up to the base of the first leaves to promote bleaching of the barrels
  • Cabbage: continue to butter the apple varieties that have not yet been harvested to strengthen them

And you, what do you do in October in (or for the) vegetable garden?

How and when to plant peonies?

As perennials, peonies usually grow on any type of soil and are very resistant to inclement weather and climatic variations. However, it is recommended to plant them in the fall after letting them grow in pots during the spring and summer, in order to give them time to develop their roots. This will help them adhere to their adopted soil more quickly and produce beautiful flowers just as quickly. Well-drained soil with good sun exposure is ideal for allowing peonies to develop properly as their roots rot very quickly if they are constantly waterlogged. They should be planted at a reasonable distance from other plants because they tend to attract all the nutrients present in the soil to themselves and this may harm other plants. It is for this reason that, prior to planting peonies, the soil, whose pH will be ideally between 6 and 7, must be enriched with fertilizer and peat. Nevertheless, peonies can be planted in compound beds. They are very fragrant and stand out particularly among other perennials or between various varieties of biennial plants. According to specialists, the soil should be prepared at least a month before planting peonies. Once this step is completed and the waiting period has elapsed, dig holes 40 to 60cm deep and pour in a few shovelfuls of aged compost before installing the peony plant. Tree peonies should be more deeply buried in the ground (more than 10cm) than herbaceous and intersectional ones. For the latter, which should have between two and five eyes, the upper eye should be buried at least two inches from the ground surface. The peony plants should be spaced 60cm or one meter depending on the species, so that the stems and flowers are not hampered.

The multiplication of perennials

Most perennials live for several years. After 4 or 5 years, they gain volume and weaken.

This is the time to replace or multiply them. This operation consists in dividing their root (strain, rhizome) formed of several lateral buds. It is enough to replant one of these fragments, most often in autumn, which will give birth in 1 or 2 years, to a new plant. This method of multiplication is easy to perform and very economical.

How to sow sorrel?

If you are sowing in place, choose a sheltered space in your vegetable patch or in the aromatic garden, so that the sorrel does not suffer from the hot weather and the scorching sun that would make it bitter.

Row seedlings are made in shallow furrows spaced 25-30cm apart, placing a seed every 2 to 3cm at a depth of 1cm, lightly filling the soil that covers the seeds, and watering in fine rain. The soil must remain cool until emergence.

It will be necessary to thin out to 20-25cm when the young plants are at the 4 to 5 leaf stage or transplant the nursery seedlings in place, also keeping this same distance between each foot intended to grow.

Water the sorrel as soon as the soil dries out so that its flavor is not too acidic. Hoe and weed around the feet to prevent the feet from being overgrown with weeds.

When you need sorrel, cut the leaves one by one as needed, avoiding damaging the core of the clump. You will have to cut the flower stems as soon as they appear because they exhaust the plant while going up to seeds but if you want to collect seeds, keep one in bloom from which you will recover the seeds which have become brownish in July in order to dry them.

Rotation of the sorrel crop can be done every 3 to 4 years only because it is not very exhausting on the soil. Sow preferably on a waning and rising moon, on a "leaf" day if you are used to following the lunar calendar, and transplant on a waning moon.

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