Calendula

Calendula

The Calendula

Calendula is native to Europe, North Africa and South Asia; it can also be found in areas facing the Mediterranean Sea in uncultivated meadows, along the roadsides. It is a composite plant, that is, made up of several distinct elements, annual or perennial, grown mainly for ornamental and medicinal purposes that groups many species, the best known of which is the Calendula Officinalis; it has a branched habit and can reach a height of sixty centimeters and an altitude of six hundred. Marigold is a rustic plant that adapts to many climates and soils, even if her preferred temperature ranges from twenty to thirty degrees. The stem of the Calendula is covered with hair and has a root with a well developed central taproot that reaches a maximum depth of about thirty centimeters. The leaves have a slightly pointed spear shape, have hairs on the surface, are light green in color and may have a smooth or slightly indented outline; those placed at the bottom have a smaller size than those placed at the top. The flowering period of the marigold goes from summer to mid-autumn, the flowers have a marked yellow, orange or white color, gathered in flower heads, while the bracts are green, oval and slightly pointed. The fruits of the Calendula are dry and do not open spontaneously, and depending on the species they can have different shapes.

Two meanings are attributed to the name Calendula: first day of the month, because in most of the year this plant blooms on the first day of the month or calendar, because opening with sunlight and closing with darkness, it follows the rhythm of the day .

In the floral language, the Marigold takes on a particularly sad meaning, this is because it is said that Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty, saddened by the death of Adonis, her lover, began to cry and the tears became Marigolds.


Species

As we said earlier, there are many species and varieties of Calendula, below we will list the main and most cultivated ones:

Calendula Officinalis: this is the best known and most widespread species. It is an annual, biennial or perennial plant. The stem can be upright or ascending. The flowering period is from June to November and the flowers have beautiful deep yellow, orange or white colors. It is widely used to prepare tinctures and infusions and has soothing, anti-reddening properties and more. There are many varieties of this species. Calendula Arvensis: the flowering period of this species is from June to November and the flowers are yellow or orange, the leaves have hair on the surface. We can also find it in the meadows of our cities.


Soil and Cultivation Techniques

As mentioned in the previous paragraph, calendula is a plant that tolerates various climatic situations and various types of soil, but the one you prefer is rich in organic substance, light and well drained because this plant also fears water stagnation. Before proceeding with sowing, the soil must be worked but not too much, just enough to eliminate the surface crust.

If grown in the open field at a temperature of about fifteen degrees, the first shoots will take place after about two weeks, at a temperature of about twenty-thirty degrees instead about ten days will be enough.

Calendula is a plant that is particularly greedy for sun and air, so it should be grown outdoors and exposed to direct sun because it does not fear high temperatures.


Multiplication

The multiplication of the Calendula occurs by seed.

The sowing operation done in seedbeds or in pots must take place in the spring period, the seeds will be placed on a soil rich in organic substance and coarse sand that favors the drainage of excess water, and lightly buried given their small size. . Once this is done, the soil will be sprayed with water to make it moist and the container with the seeds will be covered with plastic or glass, this to maintain a constant temperature and to ensure that the soil does not dry out too quickly, after which it it will position itself in a shaded area at a temperature of about fifteen degrees. During this phase, the soil must always be kept at the right and constant humidity. After about two weeks you will have the first sprouts, so remove the plastic from the container and move it to a brighter area. If there are weak and unhealthy plants, they will be removed to give more space to the more robust and vigorous ones. Reached a sufficient size, the new plants will be ready to be transplanted into the final soil and treated as adults.

As for sowing in the open field or in the garden, it will be carried out in the autumn period in the temperate zones, while in those with a colder climate in the spring; before carrying out it, the soil will be worked in order to break the crust on the surface and make it softer, it will be advisable to add organic substance. The sowing density must be such as to have about seven seedlings per square meter, increasing this number will result in smaller flowers.


Fertilization and Irrigation

The multiplication of the Calendula occurs by seed.

The sowing operation done in seedbeds or in pots must take place in the spring period, the seeds will be placed on a soil rich in organic substance and coarse sand that favors the drainage of excess water, and lightly buried given their small size. . The sowing density must be such as to have about seven seedlings per square meter, increasing this number will result in smaller flowers.


Pruning

There is no real pruning for the Marigold, you can proceed with a topping operation of the vegetative apexes to increase the production of flowers. Remember, when cutting plants, always use clean and well-sharpened knives. Keeping the plant clean of dry leaves and withered flowers promotes plant growth. In winter, the plant will almost completely disappear, in fact some leaves will remain and then re-sprout completely in spring.


Diseases and Parasites

The Calendula plant is very resistant and does not require special care, but it too can be a victim of attacks by parasites, fungi and diseases.

Sickness, for example, is a disease caused by a fungus, Erysihe, the infestation manifests itself with the appearance of a layer of white mold on the green parts of the plant, the consequent yellowing and subsequent fall. If the disease is in an initial state, the affected parts will be eliminated, in the case of an advanced state it will be much more dangerous and it will be necessary to resort to the administration of specific products. In the event of a massive attack the plant can die.

Another very dangerous fungus that causes coal disease is Entyloma, the plant manifests this attack with the appearance of dim green spots on the leaves. This fungus is very difficult to eradicate as it spreads in irrigation water. A possible remedy will be to create an environment as dry as possible in the growing area of ​​the plant. If we are faced with a particularly serious infestation, it will be necessary to administer specific pesticides.

Aphids are also among the enemies of the Calendula, these lice attack the plant and form colonies. Eliminate them with an alcohol wipe or pesticides.


Property

In ancient times, doctors used the peel of the marigold root because they attributed diuretic, tonic, astringent and antispasmodic properties, recommended it to fight liver and spleen diseases, hysterical attacks, depression and some types of paralysis; a decoction of these roots was instead useful for washing and disinfecting sores and ulcers. In the form of cream or ointment, Calendula is also very useful for soothing skin lesions, burns, scalds.

In herbal medicine, flowers are used to prepare excellent herbal teas.

Unlike many other plants belonging to its own family, this plant does not cause allergies, irritation and is not toxic. It can be particularly useful for women, as it relieves menstrual pain. It is also widely used in cosmetics for its decongestant and moisturizing properties.

Now we will list some uses that can be done with the various usable parts of this plant:

In case of flu, cough and cold symptoms, a decoction of flowers and leaves will be an excellent help.

Wine prepared with Calendula can help soothe neuralgia and toothache.

The essential oil extracted from this plant is a very important aid for acne sufferers e

impurities of the skin, tones it, cleans it and can also be useful against insect bites.

An infusion of flowers mixed with bath water will help moisturize dry and dehydrated skin and cleanse hands and face.

Calendula can also be used in the kitchen: the leaves can be seasoned and mixed with classic salads, the buds can be put in vinegar and replace the classic capers, while the dried petals can be used to flavor.

The effectiveness of this plant together with its sweetness, make it very suitable for the skin of babies and small children, in fact, calendula-based creams are often prescribed and used to prevent and fight also for diaper rashes.

Thanks to the high carotene content, the flowers of this plant are used to fight urticaria, chilblains on the feet, treat allergic symptoms and regulate menstrual flow.




Calendula

There calendula (Calendula officinalis), also called Fiorrancio or Spanish carnation, belonging to the Asteraceae family (Composite), is a perennial or annual herbaceous plant, with taproot with numerous radicles and branched stem (50 cm) often forming bushes. The basal leaves are oblong, rosette, those along the stems are spatulate, with a sinuous margin. The terminal flower heads (which can also have a diameter of 10 cm) are yellow-orange as soon as they blossom and have a good scent. The entire plant is covered with fluff and, when rubbed, gives off a pleasant aroma. It blooms from the end of winter to the beginning of autumn.
It is frequently cultivated as a flowering plant and on the market there are many varieties, small or medium in size, with double flower heads, in bright colors. Marigold cannot be considered a real aromatic plant but is still used in the kitchen both to enrich spring salads (the more tender leaves are used), and to flavor and color broths and risottos with flowers, which have dyeing properties similar to those of saffron. The buds preserved in vinegar (as is done with capers) can be used to flavor sauces, rice salads and pasta, and to accompany boiled meats.

Environment
It is a generous plant because, especially in areas with a mild climate, it blooms throughout the year, requiring very little care in return: it tolerates scorching heat and brackish winds. On the other hand, it suffers below 2 ° C and in the North it must be hospitalized in a cool room (5-15 ° C), but it also resists outdoors if it is in a well-sheltered area. It always needs full sun exposure.

Ground
It does not have particular needs in terms of soil, which can also be poor or stony, even if the preference is directed towards a rather fertile soil, but still well drained. Growing it in a container, you need a plastic or terracotta pot with a diameter of 14 cm per plant with 40 cm long stems. Repot only when all the soil is occupied by the plant. A quality universal soil is fine.

Sowing / transplanting
It easily reproduces by seed that can be distributed directly on the ground in April-May or in seedbeds towards the end of summer, the seedlings will then be planted at the beginning of winter. With thinning or transplanting, care must be taken to leave a distance of 30 centimeters between one plant and another. In spring you can easily find flowering seedlings, also ideal for composing decorative bowls.

water
Watering must be abundant and regular, especially in pots, between May and September, as soon as the substrate dries out, medium or scarce in the remaining months. In winter, if the soil remains moist, it is not necessary to water.

Fertilizer
Administer a liquid product for flowering plants or an organic liquid product in the irrigation water every 15 days from May to October, recommended if you want to use flowers and leaves for food.

Note
Regularly eliminating the freshly faded flower heads facilitates the growth of the plant and the development of new flowers.

Pairings
The natural location of the marigold is the garden or in bowls and boxes combined with other flowering plants in shades of orange or blue.

Other uses
Essential oils and substances with a strong soothing and healing power are extracted from calendula: they are used to make creams for dermatological use and emollient and healing cosmetics.

Consult, download and print our fact sheet on Calendula officinalis.


Casa Calendula, Cassinasco (Italy) - Offers and Reviews

Casa Calendula is located about 5 minutes' drive from the Church of San Sebastiano and offers accommodation with free parking, free private parking and a terrace. Casa Calendula also offers a garden, a sun terrace and a sun terrace.

Position

The city center is 1 km away, while Sanremo is 106 km from the property. It takes 5 minutes by car to get to the Santuario dei Caffi. Alba is 22 km from the accommodation.

Cuneo Levaldigi Airport is located at a distance of 85 km.

Rooms

It is equipped with a kitchenette and a private bathroom. Some rooms feature garden views. You will find details such as a shower, bath towels and hand towels that will enhance your stay.

Internet

Wi-Fi is only available in public areas and is free of charge.

Parking area

Private parking is possible on site for free.


How to grow marigold. From environmental needs to its thousand uses

Are you curious to discover another plant with countless benefits that is perfectly suited to our territory? In this article we will find out how to grow marigold, starting from its natural habitat up to discovering how to use it in our daily life.

Place and habitat of the marigold

Marigold is also called orange flower (Calendula officinalis L., 1753) is a plant belonging to the Asteraceae family and to the Calendula genus.

Marigold is a plant with an annual cycle but also biennial or even perennial.

It is characterized by erect or ascending stems and the latter can reach the height of 50 cm.

As for the leaves, they can be whole or toothed in the marginal parts. The flower heads that then make up the flowers have the size they correspond to about 4 cm and we recognize them immediately since they are bright orange.

To find the order of the marigold we don't have to travel much. In fact, this plant almost certainly has origins in the Mediterranean regions and its basin.

It is well known and cultivated throughout the Italian territory and very often we can also find very wide areas where altitude grows spontaneously. It is typical to find uncultivated areas where we see some marigold flowers sprouting especially in the man-made areas of our territory.

When and how to grow marigold

After observing the technical characteristics of this plant, the time has come to get to the heart and find out how to grow Calendula in the best possible way in order to have a beautiful vigorous plant all year round.

As we have seen, being a plant native to our peninsula, it has no particular needs in terms of soil. However, we can recommend that the marigold prefers a rich and soft and mainly low acid soil.

Regarding the position we must have an eye on it, whether we decide to plant it in our garden, or in pots, to be able to place it in the appropriate area on the balcony.

We must in fact be careful to place it in a sunny position, where the sun's rays can reach the plant.

So we have to pay attention to the position, if we want to place them on our balcony. The position to be observed is the southern one.

How to carry out the cultivation?

To sow the marigold, all you need to do is place the seeds on the ground during the spring period, in colder areas it is good in seedbeds.

The calendula plants when they reach a reasonable size must then be transplanted into larger pots or if we decide to plant in the garden, in the ground. Do you want to find out how to make a good transplant? Do not miss the article on plant transplantation, everything you need to know.

Sprouted seedlings are easily recognizable. In fact, these have two elongated, linear leaflets that are very similar to those of sunflowers.

The peculiarity of calendula is that it spreads spontaneously.

As for the harvest instead of the seeds, it takes place in the middle of the summer months. which are used for multiple purposes in the herbal and medicinal fields.

The thousand uses of the caldenula

After having discovered how to grow calendula, let's now discover the thousand uses that this plant reserves for us.

The use of calendula flowers, especially in the medical field, has great healing effects on wounds and antispasmodics for various types of pain and inflammation.

How to best use calendula? The decoction is excellent. we advise you to use about 50 grams of dried candle flowers to obtain about a liter of decoction.

This is very useful for treating stomach ulcers and is also great for relieving the menstrual pains that affect many women.

In addition to this it is also widely used in the homeopathic way. You have been burned or burned? A calendula wrap in the affected areas will certainly be able to relieve the pain.

It is also recommended for other purposes, far from the medical and aesthetic world. The first of all is to keep mosquitoes away. Did you know? We talked about it in the article on Anti mosquito plants. Which are the best to plant?

After discovering all the secrets on how to grow marigold and all its benefits, all that remains is to get to work!


Do you think the information in this article is incomplete or inaccurate? Send us a report to help us improve!

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Generalities of the Calendula plant: n

There calendula officinalis is a typical plant of the Mediterranean region, with bright orange flowers. The beautiful flower heads of marigold are widely used in the production of natural cosmetics or other very effective home remedies.
In addition to the beauty of its flowers, marigold is known for its healing properties such as its ability to moisturize, soothe and anti-inflammatory. Precisely for this reason it is possible to obtain the raw material for shampoos, body creams, conditioners perfect for cosmetics and delicate on the skin from the natural marigold macerates .. n

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History and symbology

The marigold is a flower rich in history and symbolism and is mentioned in many Greek texts. However, many ancient writers, more often than not, mistaken it for chrysanthemum (chrysanthemum) calling it a plant with golden flowers. For both the Greeks and the Latins, the fact that the flowers opened in the morning to close again at sunset was considered a symbol of submission and pain for the disappearance of the sun, this belief has meant that the marigold has been associated in the over the centuries to the feelings of pain, boredom and pain.

Venus and Adonis, 1794 Antonio Canova (1757-1822)

The association of the marigold to the feeling of pain appears and is well explained also in Greek mythology, according to legend, in fact, the marigold was born from the tears of the goddess Aphrodite (Venus for the Latins) desperate for the death of her lover, Adonis who was was pierced by a wild boar sent against him by Ares (Mars for Latins), her jealous husband.

The aforementioned legend also has another version, Latin, much more complete but which does not change the meaning of the marigold. It is said that, Adonis son of Mirra and Tia, was raised by Venus (Aphrodite) because his mother (Mirra) had been transformed, by the Gods, into a tree, as a punishment. Venus, who saw the young man grow up, remained more and more enchanted by her beauty, so much so as to arouse the ire of her husband, Mars, who decided to send a boar against the young man, so that he could mortally wound him.

Venus and Adonis, 1553 Titian (1483 - 1576)

Adonis was wounded, but to protect him, Venus made him hide inside a chest and entrusted him to the care of Proserpina, the queen of the Underworld. Proserpina, however, intrigued by the contents of the box, decided one day to open it and, at the sight of Adonis, she too fell in love with the handsome young man. Some time later Venus asked Proserpina to return the chest to her, but she refused and Venus, irritated by the refusal, asked for help from all the Olympians. One day Zeus, tired of the dispute that arose between the two goddesses, decided that the young Adonis should spend a part of the year with Venus, among the living, and the other with Proserpina, among the dead. In the moment of the passage between death and life, however, blood began to flow from Adonis's wound, which touching the ground made a plant called Adonis grow, while from the tears shed by Venus, when the young man returned to the underworld , a calendula plant was generated which, like Adonis, would have been destined for periods of life alternating with periods of death. Due to the belief that the marigold was a symbol of sorrow, in ancient Greece, every depiction of pain was represented with a young man carrying a wreath of marigolds.

Field of marigolds

Despite the distance between the European and American continents, even in South America marigold has always been considered a symbol of pain, in particular for Mexicans it is the flower symbol of death, a legend says that marigolds, brought by conquerors, developed and spread in Mexican territory due to the blood shed by the natives , victims of the white race to conquer gold.

For the British marigolds, on the other hand, represent the feeling of jealousy, according to popular beliefs they are spinsters who, having never been loved by anyone, turn into yellow marigolds with anger when they die.

In Germany is called kuhblume and is traditionally used in the Pentecost period to adorn cattle during the Pfingst Procession.

In addition to its various meanings and the legends that surround it, the calenula was also known to the ancients for its therapeutic properties, as nowadays calendula extracts were used as emollients and to soothe the annoyances of inflammation and irritation. Even today, most of the products on the market for body care are made using the properties of calendula.

Dried marigold

In the Middle Ages, the decorative use of calendula was also discovered, being adequately dried, in fact, it is one of the few flowers that does not undergo any color degradation remaining an intense yellow for many years, which is why since then it is one of the most used flowers for pot pourri.

In language of flowers and plants, despite the beauty of its flowers, the marigold has never lost its original meaning and still symbolizes today sorry, the ache, the pains of love and the jealousy.


Benefits of calendula

In addition to promoting the growth of your plants in the garden, calendula is an excellent ally for the skin.

Marigold flowers are particularly rich in flavonoids, with emollient, soothing and moisturizing properties. For this reason, calendula-based products are ideal for those suffering from dry skin, chapping or delicate and easily reddened skin. bThe calendula also has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties as well as hypotensive, able to reduce blood pressure.

Let's see what calendula is used for and how cosmetic products based on this flower can be used.

  • Skin care and cleansing: calendula has properties emollients is moisturizers, as well as antibacterial. It is therefore a perfect medicinal plant for the production of cleanser, moisturizing face creams, nourishing face creams, foot creams isaftershave. Calendula allows you to clean the skin without irritating and giving them brightness and hydration.
    A tip for you:calendula-based creams are perfect for fighting and eliminating pimples quickly!
  • Wound healing: calendula is great healing. Calendula-based creams can be applied on small wounds to keep them clean, thanks to its properties antibacterial, and allow one faster healing. The cream can also be applied several times a day, for about a week. Also you can use calendula for burns and burns.
  • Burns and burns: One of the best known characteristics of marigold is undoubtedly its soothing property. For this the cream is perfect for burns and burns. After a day in the sun, try the moisturizing face cream by Alpiflora. Your skin will thank you!
  • Eczema, dermatitis and inflammation: calendula has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. It is ideal for skin inflammation or eczema. It can also be used for the most delicate skins, such as those of children.


When to sow daisies

When to sow marigold seeds really depends on your climate. Planting marigold seeds at the right time is important. Marigolds are very sensitive to frost, so they shouldn't be sown outdoors until all chance of frost has passed.

If your final frost date is late, you can really benefit from sowing marigold seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost.


Beautiful for the garden

There are many varieties of marigold available in nurseries, of different colors and shapes, with double, double and full flowers, they are cultivars of Calendula officinalis and the cultivation methods are the same.

The marigold is not a static flower, but it is a pleasure to look at it in the morning when, under the invitation of the sun's rays, the flower heads open and orient themselves towards the source of light and heat. So it is also in the evening when she folds the flowers and folds them towards the ground. Once upon a time, from these movements and their speed, auspices about time were drawn.

Ideal for splashes of color, flower beds along the driveways, borders.

To stimulate a richer flowering, the advice is to trim the plants so that a greater number of branches are emitted and, consequently, a greater number of flowers. In the same way, eliminating the withered flowers prolongs the flowering time of the plant.

Once cut, marigold flowers, even new varieties, are very durable.


Marigold and insects

While there are some pesky marigold pests, it's also important to realize that marigold blooms attract a number of beneficial insects. For example, the sweet nectar draws on pollinators such as butterflies and bees.

Marigold also attracts Nice Guys such as ladybugs, laces, hoverflies, and other insects that help control aphids, thrips, and other destructive pests. If you walk through your garden in the spring and summer, chances are you will see beneficial insects hovering around your marigold plants.


Strawberries, properties and cultivation in the garden

Strawberries are so tasty that one leads to another. So why not start your own small production? These fragrant and juicy fruits can be eaten in morning yogurt or on their own as a snack. Strawberries are anti-inflammatory, provide anthocyanins and flavonoids, which are antioxidants, useful in counteracting the damage of free radicals. But these fruits are also a rich source of vitamins C, K and B, and of mineral salts, such as iron, selenium, copper, magnesium, phosphorus and calcium (Giampieri et al, Food Funct, 2015 - FDA Database). And how to grow strawberries? You can grow your strawberries on the balcony or in the vegetable garden, in the latter case, however, pay attention to the snails, they are greedy! The plant is rustic, it just doesn't tolerate excessive exposure to the sun well. So look for an area that can also provide shade for part of the day. As far as irrigation is concerned, these should be regular and not excessive to avoid, as always, stagnation.


Video: Know the Right Way to Grow n Care for Calendula in Pots With Results