Gardeners are increasingly using eggshells as fertilizer. This is not at all surprising, because it contains a lot of calcium carbonate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus and other elements useful for the plant. However, not all garden crops will benefit from this.
The edible part of the turnip is in the ground. Eggshells can negatively affect not only the condition of the root crop, but also its taste. The introduction of crushed egg shells makes the soil too loose and soft, which leads to the softness of the turnip itself and the appearance of mucus on its surface. Adding such a top dressing in liquid form can make the vegetable too hard and tasteless.
This vegetable loves slightly acidic soil, and eggshells are able to alkalize it. This will affect not only the amount of the crop, because the carrot simply will not grow to the required size, but also its quality. Root vegetables will be soft and shriveled, dry and tasteless.
For the full development of this culture, phosphorus and potassium are needed. Calcium in the soil, the level of which increases sharply when fertilizing from the shell of eggs, blocks the possibility of absorption of these elements by the plant. In addition, radish prefers a neutral soil composition, and such feeding alkalizes it, which has a detrimental effect not only on the quantity, but also on the quality of the crop.
Similar egg residues can be used to fertilize onions, but there are some limitations in this case. For example, it can be applied only after the bulb has already been formed. Thanks to this, it will be possible to reduce the acidity of the soil, which will promote the growth of the fruit. The amount of the applied agent should be minimal, since the excess of calcium in the ground will block the absorption of potassium and phosphorus - vital elements for the formation and ripening of bulbs. You need to apply fertilizer only in liquid form so that the onion is not loose and soft.
With potatoes, everything is the same as with turnips. For this root vegetable, a slight softening may even be beneficial, but there are still limitations when using egg feeding. It must be brought in between the beds, and not near the bush itself. This will help make the tubers more boiled and more suitable for mashing. In addition, these tubers will boil faster.
5 things that should not be thrown in the trash, but collected during the winter to use in the spring in the garden and vegetable garden
Winter is a period of rest from hard work in the garden and vegetable garden. But even at this time, it is worth thinking about the future harvest, stocking up on what will come in handy in spring and summer.
You can make many useful blanks that will replace purchased fertilizers, pest and disease products, and mulch.
What gardeners can stock up on during the winter:
1. Crushed eggshells for plant nutrition.
The shell of eggs is pure calcium, which is necessary for all plants for the normal exchange of proteins and carbohydrates, the formation of cells and their division.
First, the shells are dried, and then placed in a container, or immediately crushed. It is not necessary to grind them into a powder; it is enough to grind them slightly by loading them into a blender. In spring, egg shells can be applied along with other organic fertilizers.
2. Peels of oranges, lemons, grapefruits for insect control.
As soon as it gets warmer, the pests become active and begin to damage the plantings. On the basis of citrus peels, which contain essential oils, you can make an infusion that will scare away or destroy harmful animals: aphids, ants, spider mites, cabbage, wireworm, May beetle larvae.
To prepare the product, citrus peels, cut into small pieces, are poured with water and infused for 10 days. For 5 liters of water, 0.5 liters of a can of crusts is required. The resulting product is sprayed on foliage, branches, soil around the plants once a week.
3. Banana peel for fertilizing young seedlings, adult plants.
Banana peel is a source of potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and these elements are essential for normal growth and development. Organic material can be frozen until spring, or cut into pieces, remove the tail, dry and put in a jar.
To prepare fertilizer from dried banana peel, it is enough to pour 1 liter can of material with 10 liters of water, leave for 5 days. The finished product is poured over plantings under the root.
4. Husk sunflower seeds and pumpkin for mulching.
Seeds are a favorite delicacy of most people. After their use, a lot of dry husks remain, which should be folded into a bag, and used as mulch with the onset of heat.
The husk of the seeds is light, loosens the soil well, protects the soil from moisture evaporation. In addition, it slowly decays, giving nutrients to the planted crops.
5. Onion hulls for pest control and disease control.
The onion husk contains phytoncides that kill protozoa fungi, inhibit the growth of bacteria, and also repel harmful insects: kidney mites, Colorado potato beetles, aphids, cruciferous flea beetles.
It is worth collecting material throughout the winter, and when the plants begin to develop rapidly, process the green mass with the prepared broth. First, a 1 liter can of prepared material is poured into the pan, 2 liters of water are poured.
Bring to a boil and leave to simmer under the lid for half an hour. When the broth has completely cooled down, add 5 liters of water and use it for processing.
Any organic matter can be used in the garden and vegetable garden, making compost from it, which is the most valuable fertilizer.
You need to fertilize correctly
Beautiful bright flowers and variegated leaves of indoor plants are pleasing to the eye, but without proper care, the plants will not look so attractive. Proper care involves a lot. Of course, this is the correct watering, a certain temperature in the room, taking into account the light preferences of the plant, humidity, drafts, soil composition and timely fertilization. It is about the latter that I would like to talk in more detail.
Many special fertilizers have been developed for pets. Such fertilizers contain three main components necessary for normal growth and development: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the right proportions. In addition to them, high-quality fertilizers contain many other micro and macro elements.
When fertilizing plants, it is very important not to overdo it. It is always better to underfeed than overfeed. An excess of nutrients can destroy the plant. Plants can not only become stained and lose leaves, but also completely wither away.
To avoid harmful consequences for the plant, you need to remember a few rules:
1. Fertilize only healthy plants. The weak will still not be able to assimilate the nutrients introduced into the soil.
2. Freshly transplanted plants cannot be fertilized.
3. Blooming and blooming plants do not fertilize.
4. Before fertilizing the soil, the plant must be watered, otherwise the root system can be damaged.
5. Try to avoid getting fertilizer on leaves and shoots.
6. The season must be taken into account. For many plants, the winter and autumn months are considered dormant, so they should be fertilized during active growth - in spring and summer.
7. When choosing fertilizers, one should take into account whether it is a flowering plant or an ornamental plant. The former require more potassium and phosphorus, while the latter require nitrogen. Ornamental foliage plants should be fed weekly from March to October, and once a month from November to February. Flowering plants require mainly phosphorus and potassium, which stimulate the growth of flower buds and seeds, as well as the bright color of flowers and the ripening of fruits and seeds.
8. Fertilizers are effective in good lighting and normal temperatures.
Fertilizers are divided into several main types: mineral, organic, combined (organo-mineral) and bacterial.
Mineral are represented mainly by ready-made compositions, including potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, manganese, boron and other elements. The downside of these fertilizers is that they cannot meet all the needs of the plant, and that they affect the salinity and acidity of the soil.
TO organic Fertilizers include various waste products of animals and plants, such as manure, slurry, feces, peat, bird droppings, blood, bone and horn meal, horn shavings, green manure (green fertilizer). Because of the unpleasant smell, organic fertilizers are very difficult to use at home. They are used mainly in the form of horn shavings or horn meal.
Live bacteria preparations Are environmentally friendly fertilizers. It is inconvenient that they are designed for large areas. It is quite problematic to use them in indoor conditions.
Most houseplant lovers prefer to use liquid fertilizers or quick dissolving effervescent tablets. Such fertilizers are very easy and convenient to apply to the soil. It is enough to simply add them to the water, mix and pour the plant with the resulting solution. The advantage of such fertilizers is fast action due to the rapid absorption by plants. And the disadvantage is the short exposure time.
Solid fertilizers are not that convenient. They are absorbed more slowly, but they last up to 8 weeks. It is more difficult to damage the plant with such fertilizers. Solid fertilizers are most often fertilizer balls or ground horn shavings.
Some houseplants require special fertilizers. For example, azaleas prefer acidic soil, so special fertilizers are produced for them. Fertilizers contain a specially selected combination of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and essential trace elements.
Plants such as epiphytic bromeliads absorb water and nutrients into their leaves, so they are fertilized with special liquid fertilizers that do not contain salts. This is done to avoid clogging the pores of the leaves. Plants are sprayed with such fertilizers or the solution is poured into a rosette of leaves.
There are many myths about the use of home fertilizers. Practice shows that no special miracles should be expected. Often, such fertilizers even harm the plants. For example, fertilizing plants with eggshell infusion not only does not give them enough nutrients, but also causes chlorosis and other plant diseases. Hydrangea and azalea, susceptible to calcium and magnesium salts, will suffer from this.
Coffee grounds will actually be appreciated by plants that prefer acidic soil. But watering with coffee or tea does not stimulate active growth, this still belongs to the category of myths. The same can be said for beer, although it is a mild fertilizer. Do not lubricate the leaves with vegetable oil, it clogs the pores and interferes with the respiration of the plant.
If you want to water the plant with mineral water, then, first of all, look at the label for the content of magnesium and calcium salts. Not all plants tolerate calcium carbonate content well. In addition, the mineral water must be settled and must not contain carbon dioxide. Mineral water is also not recommended to be poured into flower vases.
A good top dressing is the water that remains after washing raw meat or milk dishes. The infusion of fresh cow dung or poultry droppings is very good. it contains almost all the necessary substances and trace elements. But it should be prepared outside the dwelling. Manure is infused in water for several days, stirring occasionally. The fertilizer is considered ready when gas bubbles stop escaping from it. For hydroponic crops, fertilize with a weakly concentrated liquid guano solution or fertilizer mixture.
Eggshells are good for plants because they contain all the minerals they need. It is easily digested and has a positive effect on planting growth, greenery and root crops formation.
Using eggshells as fertilizer in the vegetable garden and in the garden
Recycled chicken shells, when dropped into the ground, make them more fertile and lighter.
There are several ways to use natural calcium fertilizer in the garden:
- Egg flour. When sowing, sprinkle the seeds with it and mulch. They are added to the ground in 1-2 items / 1 sq. m. The volume of the additive is increased to 1 kg / sq. m., if the substrate is highly acidic (for lightness of the soil). Also, the tool is used to protect against garden pests and diseases.
- Infusion. The shells of 5-6 eggs are poured with water and infused until a characteristic odor appears. The diluted composition is watered with garden crops at the root.
- Use of husk. To deoxidize the soil and remove excess water, large pieces of husk are placed on the bottom of the pot / container. Do this for better drainage of seedlings and houseplants.
The shell is brought into the ground from early spring to late autumn.
Fertilizing eggshells of vegetable crops
Ground egg waste is added when planting potatoes, onions and carrots.
Infusion is poured over seedlings of eggplants, peppers and root crops. The ratio of solution and water is 1: 3.
The calcium-containing fertilizer will please tomatoes and cucumbers.
Methods for introducing eggshells for tomatoes:
- introduction of a substance into a substrate
- sowing seeds in shell
- sprinkling tomato greens for disease prevention.
During the season, eggshells should be added at 300 g-1 kg / 1 sq. m. area.
If there are few shells, it can be poured under the roots of the tomatoes.
Calcium is necessary for tomatoes from the beginning of the growing season. Also, this element contributes to the formation and development of fruits.
Ca gives a good start to the development of cucumbers. Fertilizing is done after planting seedlings in the beds. During the period of intensive growth, calcium entering the soil from the shell promotes the development of roots, stems and leaves, and helps cucumbers withstand environmental influences.
Seedlings can be fed with infusion. The calcium-rich liquid accelerates seed germination, stimulates leaf development, metabolic processes and photosynthesis.
Root feeding of vegetable crops saturates the plants with calcium
Egg shells as fertilizer for fruit and berry crops
Garden fruit crops need calcium. Stone fruit trees: plum, cherry, bird cherry intensively use the reserves of this substance from the soil during the formation of the core of the fruit. This also applies to pome fruits: apple, pear, quince.
It is necessary to bring the shell under the fruit trees along the perimeter of the crowns, where the roots are.
Crushed shells are poured under the strawberries as a protective layer against the appearance of weeds and the invasion of slugs, snails, or they are applied throughout the garden bed as part of the compost. Organic fertilization increases the fertility of the substrate.
Sandy and clayey soil requires organic additives to increase fertility.
How to fertilize garden flowers with eggshells
Egg fertilization contributes to the full development of garden flowers, makes their stems and leaves more powerful, and the flowers - large. Plants are watered with infusion of shells several times a month. For small bushes, take 1/2 cup of solution, larger ones - 0.5 liters each.
Feeding eggshells of ornamental plants
Ornamental plants are planted to decorate the garden. These can be flowers, shrubs and trees.
Light soil is an important condition for the full development of such flora representatives as:
- rose hip
These plants are planted and transplanted in spring or autumn. Coarsely ground egg shells are laid on the bottom of the wells, as a drain, or mixed with soil for better air access to the roots. Calcium fertilizer is also applied as part of humus.
The shell of chicken eggs has a positive effect on fruit trees, garden crops and ornamental plants
How to prepare top dressing
Preparing feed is quite simple. Even a novice gardener and gardener can easily do this job.
Procurement of raw materials
It is especially important to prepare the required amount of shells in order to prepare the right amount of fertilizer. The quality of the material will determine the shelf life.
It is better to use fresh homemade eggs, but shells from boiled ones are also fine. Eggs are freed from the contents, washed inside so that the protein is completely absent. The presence of protein residues can cause attenuation. Then you have to throw out all the shells.
The harvested material must be dried in an oven or other suitable place. The shell should become brittle.
Important! It is strictly forbidden to use rotten workpieces! They increase the risk of developing disease.
For more efficient feeding, it is better to grind the raw material. You can grind the shell in a meat grinder, coffee grinder, you can use a blender or other household appliance. The grind should look like a homogeneous mass that resembles a powder. It is used to make infusion, as a fertilizer for planting holes.
Advice! Large fragments can only be used as drainage of indoor plants.
A universal infusion is prepared in this way:
- take the powder of five eggs
- pour it into a jar
- pour 3 liters of boiling water
- the mixture should stand for about a week. It acquires an unpleasant odor, becomes cloudy
- infusion immediately before use is diluted in a ratio of 1: 3 with water.
Natural top dressing of the following composition is very popular: banana peel, nettle, onion peel, yeast. You can add potassium humate, vermicompost to it.