Savoy cabbage - features of growing and caring for it

 Savoy cabbage - features of growing and caring for it

Savoy cabbage is a garden plant, which in its taste and nutritional qualities can compete with the white cabbage familiar to the inhabitants of our country. Its tender and juicy leaves are indispensable in summer salads, and are also great for making cabbage rolls, cabbage soup and vegetarian soups. In our article, we will talk about how the cultivation of this vegetable goes and discuss how difficult it is to care for it.

What is Savoy cabbage?

The homeland of cabbage is the Mediterranean, more precisely the Italian county of Savoy, where this unusual vegetable has been used in the preparation of national dishes for many years. Its cultivation is widespread in the North American continent, as well as in Western Europe and North Africa. In our country, unfortunately, Savoy cabbage is not widespread. The local farmers say the reasons for this are its low yield, high care requirements and certain difficulties with storage.

Indeed, Savoy cabbage is suitable for consumption only in the second year of its life. Since in the first year after planting, only a small rosette can grow on its thick stem, consisting of gray-green, wrinkled leaves, which are also fragile and prone to cracking. But in the second year of life, her head of cabbage will become highly branched, it will consist of many curly, juicy and very delicate leaves. In addition, its stem will begin to bloom, which will allow the seeds to be collected in order to resume cultivation next year. The weight of a head of cabbage reaches 3 kg, its yield is lower than that of a white cabbage, but it is more resistant to the harmful effects of leaf gnawing, perfectly resists diseases typical of garden plants, is frost-resistant and tolerates a moisture deficit well.

Savoy cabbage is suitable for consumption only in the second year of its life.

Growing features

Surprisingly, cabbage cultivation can be established in the garden fields of central Russia. Its seeds germinate at temperatures above 3 degrees and withstand frosts on the ground down to -7. Moreover, the low temperature at the time of active growth of this garden plant has an excellent effect on the taste and juiciness of its leaves.

Let's deal with everything in order. Growing this vegetable garden requires attention to the following factors:

  • soil features;
  • soil moisture;
  • air temperature.

The soil allotted for this plant must be of increased fertility.

The soil allotted for this plant should be of increased fertility. It will be good if it is possible to process it with organic and mineral fertilizers. This, in particular, concerns its mid-ripe and late-ripe varieties.

Despite the fact that cabbage is highly drought tolerant, an adult plant requires as much moisture as possible. The juiciness of the leaves will depend on it. Seedlings of this plant are less demanding on moisture and do not require frequent watering.

The optimum temperature for germination of cabbage seeds is 16 - 18 degrees. The established seedlings perfectly tolerate frosts on the ground up to -4, early ripening varieties up to -2. Low temperatures, as noted above, only improve its taste.

Savoy cabbage video

Soil preparation and seedling care

For a high yield of cabbage, the soil for planting it should be prepared in the fall. It is good if before that cucumbers, carrots, cereals or legumes grew on it. The area allotted for the cultivation of this plant must be loosened, the acidic soil must be calcified, and the soil must be fertilized with phosphate fertilizers, ash and compost mixed with river sand. After that, the beds should be dug up and left until spring.

For a high yield of cabbage, the soil for planting it should be prepared in the fall.

In the spring, the beds prepared for planting this variety of cabbage should be additionally fertilized again, using organic fertilizers and superphosphate for this.

Growing seedlings is recommended in a substrate, the components of which will be peat, sand and turf soil, taken in equal proportions. The first seeds should be planted in early March. Caring for them will not be difficult.

One and a half weeks after the seedlings emerge, they should be dived, and after 2 leaves appear on the stalks, feed them. You need to water the seedlings regularly, and 2 hours before planting in the ground, it will need to be abundantly moistened.

Video story about growing under bottles

Outdoor cabbage care

It is possible to transplant seedlings into the ground only after 5 leaves appear on each stalk, without deepening into the soil. Care will include regular loosening and watering. And starting from the 20th day, the stems will need to be additionally hilled and fed. For the prevention of diseases and damage to the stems by pests, it is recommended to sprinkle the beds with ash. Direct sowing under the film directly into the ground is also allowed. Leaving in this case will be casual.

The Savoy cabbage is harvested after the heads of cabbage are firm and firm. This vegetable can remain in garden beds until the first frost. Neither night frosts, nor even the first snow are terrible for this plant, unlike white cabbage.

Roller care for planted cabbage

The following varieties will be well adapted for planting in our middle lane:

  • Jubilee 2170;
  • Gold early;
  • Melissa F1;
  • Ovass F1;
  • Chroma F1;
  • Sphere F1, etc.

There is nothing difficult about growing Savoy cabbage. The main thing is to approach this matter with all responsibility, and the grown crop will not be long in coming.


Savoy cabbage, cultivation, useful properties

Savoy cabbage is easy to distinguish from white cabbage in appearance, with wrinkled leaves and a short stalk. The wrinkled or bubbly leaves of this plant are juicy, green in color with various shades. Heads of cabbage are comparable in shape and weight to white cabbage, but not as dense, one might even say loose.

Savoy cabbage tastes more pleasant, tender and juicy, perhaps because it contains several times more protein than white cabbage, and also surpasses it in the amount of vitamin C and various dry substances. But this taste and composition, respectively, require increased growing conditions.

This cabbage needs more fertile soil, it must be permeable and rich in organic matter. When cabbage goes through its growing season, it needs to be fed at least four times. During this period, fresh manure should not be applied, as it spoils the taste of cabbage.

To get a tasty and high-quality vegetable, Savoy cabbage requires constant attention - this is regular loosening, watering.

It is important to constantly monitor the condition of the cabbage during growth in order to prevent the spread of pests and diseases. To combat them, you can use plants - defenders, planting them in the neighborhood.


Why is kale so good?

This is a real treasury of health! A vegetable contains several times more potassium, which is valuable for our body, and twice as much protein and fiber than white cabbage. In addition, its leaves contain a lot of calcium, which is in the most accessible form for assimilation (it is absorbed 25% better than, for example, from milk). It is impossible not to mention indole-3-car-binol, a substance that blocks the growth of cancer cells - it is present in cabbage. So crunch with pleasure and be healthy!


Color

An annual cabbage, especially popular among gardeners. It is considered a dietary product and indicated for a healthy diet. Represents multiple stem-shaped buds with dense double tops of greenish or yellowish colors. Cauliflower contains many vitamins and minerals, among which you can find: vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, C, E, K, fiber, beta-carotene, potassium, magnesium, sodium, iron, manganese , calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, fluorine, iodine, chlorine.

The culture steadily tolerates a drop in temperature to -10 ° C, but at the same time it does not form inflorescences well. The species does not tolerate drought and heat.

This species has some features of cultivation agrotechnics:

  • loves enriched loose soils
  • there is a need to protect the heads of cabbage with leaves from direct sun exposure, then they retain their snow-white and freshness.

The most popular varieties of cauliflower are:

  • Snowball (Snow Globe),
  • Express Ms,
  • Yoke,
  • Maybach,
  • Alpha,
  • Parisian.

  1. Maybach F1 is an ultra-early hybrid with a growing season of 50 days. Heads of cabbage are round-flattened, white, weighing 1.0-1.2 kg, dense.
  2. Snowball is a moderately late variety intended for autumn harvest. Creates white, large, heavy heads of cabbage, resistant to pinking, weighing about 1.30 kg. Fertile soil required. The variety is intended for direct consumption and processing.
  3. Express MS - an early variety of cauliflower, heads of cabbage weighing 0.5 kg. Differs in high productivity, loves fertile soil.


Broccoli

Even in appearance, it is clear that she is the closest relative of cauliflower. Some cauliflower varieties that have a green tint can be confused with broccoli.

Broccoli is very common in England and America.

In Russia, it ranks third in prevalence after white cabbage and cauliflower.

Description of some varieties of broccoli:

Tone

  • Early maturing variety.
  • The head weighs about 300 g.
  • After cutting, lateral shoots develop, there is an opportunity to get an additional crop.

  • A mid-season variety, the head has a weight of 500 g.
  • The color is dark green with a waxy coating.
  • After cutting, a new crop is formed.

Marathon F1

  • This hybrid is distinguished by the length of the growing season, high palatability and a good harvest. One head "pulls" for 800 g.
  • There is an opportunity to harvest additional crops.


Harvesting and storage of crops

It is recommended to start harvesting Savoy cabbage in dry weather. A sharp knife is used to cut off the heads. The early varieties are harvested in June and early July, the late ones - in the middle of autumn. Since late-ripening cabbage is able to withstand frosts down to -7 ° C, it is removed from the beds as late as possible. Early varieties are not subject to long-term storage, so they are consumed almost immediately. As for the late varieties, under the right storage conditions, the heads do not lose their freshness and benefits for six months.

Late varieties of Savoy cabbage are cold-resistant, so the crops are harvested from the garden as late as possible

After harvesting, it is advisable to cover it with crushed chalk and leave it in a dry room for two days. After that, the cabbage is transferred to a room where it will be stored at a humidity of 90–95% and a temperature of 0 to 3 o C.

During harvesting, it is not necessary to trim the roots and stumps: the cabbage can be hung along with the roots in the cellar. If the underground part is cut off, then the heads are placed for storage with stumps upwards and sprinkled with dry sand.

Video: storing cabbage harvest until spring

Savoy cabbage belongs to unpretentious plants and does not require special attention. The frost resistance of the culture allows it to be cultivated even in areas with harsh climatic conditions. If you are an avid gardener, then Savoy cabbage should not be overlooked, because it can be grown not only as a vegetable crop, but also used to decorate the site thanks to its beautiful leaves.


Peking indispensable for health

The leaves of this variety are wavy, elongated and delicate in taste. The homeland of the vegetable is China, where it began to be grown back in the 5th century AD. e. In Russia, it spread not so long ago and continues to gain popularity. Peking contains water, protein, carbohydrates, organic acids, vitamins A, C, E, B, PP, macro- and microelements. Of particular note is lysine, an amino acid with antiviral properties. The product should be included in the diet:

  • with cardiovascular diseases
  • to relieve constipation
  • to strengthen the nervous system
  • to get rid of chronic fatigue, depression tendency
  • in the treatment of arthritis, rheumatism and gout.

Vegetable culture is contraindicated in exacerbation of inflammatory processes and diseases of the digestive system.

Everyone can find their taste among such a variety of cabbage. The types, varieties and subspecies of this vegetable are so different from each other that it is worth finding your source of natural vitamins among them.


Watch the video: Growing Savoy Cabbage Part 2. Late Bloomer. Episode 6