The shape of the lily is regal-classical, recognizable - just remember the historical coat of arms of the French kings fleur de lis. From spring, when the growing season begins, until the moment of flowering, the slender stems of the lily are unusually decorative. At the moment of flowering, the lily is not only beautiful, but also diffuses a sophisticated scent. Lilies are perennial bulbous flowers with a wide range of inflorescence colors: white, pink, yellow, red and others. Competently using lilies in landscape design, you can create spectacular flower beds, mixborders and rabatki blooming from early summer to late August.
Depending on the variety, lilies have cup-shaped, turban-shaped, funnel-shaped, tubular or bell-shaped flowers. The height of lilies varies from 0.5 to 2 m. Low-growing varieties can be planted as a border, and tall ones as tapeworms and in the background of a flower garden. Lilies are often planted in groups: isolated islands of different varieties or combined with other perennials and annuals.
Light pink hydrangeas and lilac phloxes form a beneficial backdrop for pink and white lilies
Pink lilies form an expressive tandem with plants with large spreading leaves. A good background for yellow lilies will be created by rhododendrons, euonymus, barberry, mahonia. The beauty of lilies is more pronounced in combination with evergreen species: junipers, cypress trees, thujas.
You can read more about compositions with conifers in the article https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/xvojnye-v-landshaftnom-dizajne.html
Tall lilies look great as a background planting and along the fence, outlining the boundaries of the site. As a single planting, tapeworm lilies benefit from being placed in the middle of a lawn on a hillock. Lilies are also good in the foreground of trees, when a dense green crown plays the role of a background for a regal flower or a small group formed of 2-3 lilies. Low-growing species ideally emphasize paths and flower beds, and varieties for mixborders are selected so as to admire the flowering of regal flowers all summer and early autumn.
Matched by the shade and size of the buds, lilies of different varieties perfectly coexist in the flower bed
Lily combines harmoniously with peonies and delphiniums, junipers and ferns, astilbe and alyssum. Lilies are often placed in clumps, given their shade and compatibility with other plants in tone, as well as in the shape and texture of the foliage.
Landing in rabatkas and on curbs
For planting along paths and the formation of low borders, the tubular lily and its variety Garrisi lily 70-80 cm high, blooming in July with pure white inflorescences, are perfect.
More border color ideas: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/bordyurnye-cvety.html
The white Formosan lily 60-90 cm high with narrow tubular buds is good for the same purposes. But the most effective way will outline the paths, and will also complement the ridges and borders with a low-growing Thunberg lily up to 50 cm high, blooming in May-June with speckled orange flowers.
Another species that can successfully decorate the lower tier of flower beds and decorate alpine slides is a drooping lily 40-60 cm high with pink-lilac turban-shaped flowers.
Single plant varieties
Due to the expressive shape of the inflorescences and the erect stem with spectacular foliage in landscape design, the lily is often planted singly and in small groups.
For a single planting of lilies in the garden, the following are best suited:
- Lily is golden. 150 cm White speckled, blooms July-August.
- Lily regale. 120 cm. White with purple, blooms in June-July.
- Lilia Candidum. 100 cm White, blooms July-August.
- Tiger lily. Red-orange, blooms July-August
- Lily turban. Purple, red or yellow, blooms from June to July.
Features of arrangement of lily flower beds
In a garden where everything is subordinated to aesthetic perception, it is important to achieve a harmonious combination of lilies with other plants. In order for lilies to look spectacular in the garden, they must be planted, knowingly imagining how they will look surrounded by other flowers, as well as trees, shrubs and other decorative elements of landscape design.
A single-colored flower bed, combined of shrubs and evergreen species, is the most optimal background for spectacular lilies in shape and color
Each type of lily has individual, inherent only decorative and botanical features that must be taken into account when creating landscape compositions - the height, size and shade of flowers, time and duration of flowering, nuances of care.
Option # 1 - lilies of different varieties in groups
In landscape design, a flower garden looks good, created from lilies of different groups or from different varieties of the same group, planted in two or three tiers. Such a multi-tiered array of lilies looks very impressive. In the foreground, low-growing varieties of lilies form a lush rug - they are picked up from Asians or LA hybrids that bloom earlier than other species.
It is desirable that the lowest tier of lilies bloom first, and then the middle and high tiers of planting begin to bloom - they are formed from tall oriental or OT hybrids of lilies.
Low types of garden flowers of the blue palette will create the most successful contrast with white and pink lilies.
When planting lilies in species groups, it is advisable to separate the tiers with other plants. Low-growing conifers are perfect for planting in front of lilies, gradually growing to the sides and covering the ground.
Dwarf conifers look good: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/dekorativnye-xvojniki.html#i-3
Option # 2 - lilies and peonies
Of all garden flowers, lilies are best combined with peonies that bloom earlier than lilies and have lush foliage of high decorativeness - it serves as a background for lilies, regardless of whether the peonies are planted behind or in front of the lilies.
In front of the peonies, a group of low-growing lilies in combination with ground cover phlox will be especially effective due to the alternation of flowering: phlox in May, peonies in June, lilies in July. Behind the peonies, the high varieties Oriental and Orienpet-lily hybrids, blooming in July-August, look great.
Delicate lilac lilies exquisitely complement the rabat along the path due to the contrast with the grassy lawn, emerald and silvery green shrubs
Lilies and irises are not very successfully combined, the leaves of which, after flowering, quickly dry out and lose their decorative effect - at this moment the irises do not need watering, while the lilies need it.
At the same time, irises are somewhat easier to cultivate. More about caring for them: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/posadka-vyrashhivanie-i-uxod-za-irisami.html
Option # 3 - lilies and roses
Lilies and roses are not the best combination in a flower bed - they are good in landscape design by themselves. But, if, nevertheless, there is a desire to plant the queen and queen of the garden together, then it is advisable to place tall lilies with dark flowers behind the light bushes of climbing roses. Roses also work well with lilies of the same color.
Low-growing solid lilies create an aesthetic duet with ground cover or climbing roses of an identical shade
When a rose grows in a single planting, it already represents a bright compositional spot, therefore, lilies are planted next to a rose bush in small groups of 3-5 copies, otherwise they will be lost against its background.
Option # 4 - lilies and phlox
Not all types of phlox are in harmony with lilies - the sharp blue and purple tones of phlox paniculata in tandem with a lily will look unnecessarily variegated. But creeping phlox varieties of a blue or pale lilac shade, blooming in early spring, will form a good background for growing lily shoots. In summer, the shiny leathery leaves of phlox will create a kind of border in the foreground of planting of lilies, and in winter they will serve as a mulching layer.
Phlox is a flower that is picky about soils and some other conditions. Study the information about it before deciding to plant in tandem with a lily: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/floksy-posadka-i-uxod.html
Option # 5 - lilies with white perennials
In the foreground of the planting of lilies, Iberis bushes with a height of 10-15 cm look very tender, blooming with snow-white neat inflorescences and preserving green foliage all year round, which acts as a mulch for lilies in winter.
Another great option for planting in front of lilies is alissum, which gradually grows and forms a beautiful green rug, strewn with small white flowers.
Lawn decoration with lilies
In large landscaped gardens, where the lawn is combined with ornamental shrubs and trees, medium and short lilies are planted on green lawns and along paths. Varieties of lilies for lawn planting are selected so that they stand out well against the background of the grass due to their bright color - these can be Asian lilies, hybrids of rich orange or red tones.
A strict, expressive tandem is obtained by combining white or any other light-colored lilies with evergreens and conifers
For borders, you can use low types of any color. An impressive duo is formed by lilies and coniferous evergreen shrubs such as juniper. Lilies are planted in front and on the sides of the conifers, and if you use high varieties, then also behind the shrubs.
Lilies are also planted next to geykher - compact bushes with decorative foliage and long peduncles. More about this plant: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/geyhera.html
Beautiful flower beds with lilies: 7 schemes
A. Soft cuff (Alchemilla mollis) 2 pcs. B. Heuchera (Heuchera Champagne Bubbles) 1 pc. C. Lily (Lilium) 3 pcs. D. Scabiosa (Scabiosa Butterfly Blue) 1 pc. E. Siberian Iris (Iris sibirica) 3 pcs. F. Japanese Spirea (Spiraea japonica Goldmound) 1 pc. G. Iris (Iris) 3 pcs. H. Barberry Thunberg (Berberis thunbergii) 1 pc. I. Armeria maritima 3 pcs. J. Sedum Kamchatka (Sedum kamtschaticum) 9 pcs.
1. Delphinium tall dark blue (Delphinium). 2. Buzulnik toothed (Ligularia dentata). 3. Anchusa azurea (Anchusa azurea) Loddon Royalist. 4. Common mordovan (Echinops ritro). 5. Lily Enchantment. 6. Phlox Citrus 7. Yarrow (Achillea) Terracotta. 8. Crimson gravilate (Ceum coccineum) Werner Arends. 9. Low-growing large-flowered burgundy (Delphinium grandiflorum) Blauer Zwerg. 10. Cinquefoil Tonga (Potentilla tonguei). 11. Veronica broadleaf (Veronica teucrium) Kapitaen.
1. Chubushnik (Philadelphus). 2 Phlox paniculata (Phlox paniculata). Hybrid peony (Paeonia x hybr.). Tiger lily (Lilium tigrinum). Ageratum Mexican (Ageratum houstonianum). Lobularia maritima. 7. Turkish carnation (Dianthus barbatus).
Tall lilies of three shades of one type will successfully complement the design of the fence of the garden plot
Delicate pink lilies in combination with delphinium and irises will subtly complement the design of the garden seating area
Bright orange lilies will become an expressive accent on a flower bed with conifers and stunted perennials
Orange lilies will become an exotic focal point of a flower garden formed from different varieties of roses.
The best types and varieties of lilies
In order to harmoniously fit lilies into the landscape design, it is necessary to decide whether it will be a single planting or a group planting - based on the idea, choose the appropriate variety of lilies: optimal in height, size of buds and color.
There are many varieties of lilies, combined into groups:
Asian hybrids of lilies. Height 80-100 cm, flower diameter about 15 cm. Blossom in June, winter well in the open field, unpretentious in care. Asian varieties have a wide range of shades, they are varied in height and size of buds - these lilies give room for imagination when creating a garden landscape design.
- Reds: Solfarino, Red Sensation, Black Out, Black Jack, Hiawatha, Cocktail Twins, Landini, Linda, Matrix, Olina.
- Whites: Navonna, Costa, Annamari Dream, Crossover.
- Yellow: Top Line, Fata Morgana, Black Spyder, Vali San, Vento, Golden Stone, Grand Cru, Graffiti.
- Pink: Lollipop, Iowa Rose, Arosa Juel, Vali Nappa, Vermeer, Delilah, Chianti.
- Purple: Double Sense, Night Flyer, Nettez Pride, Purple Eye, Purple Life, Push Off.
- Orange: Apricot Pixel, Bullfighting, Loreta, Orange Art, Orange Electric, Pearl Justin.
Tubular (long-flowered) hybrids of lilies. Heat-loving flowers, wintering under a good shelter, with small buds and a delicate aroma: yellow (Deliana), purple (Devine, Miyabi, Cyrano), white (White Elegance, Prime Ice, Elegant Lady). This lily culture is predominantly greenhouse; it is rarely grown outdoors.
Hybrids of tubular (longiflorum) and Asiatic lilies (LA hybrids). The height of strong erect stems with beautiful foliage is 1-1.3 m. The diameter of velvety, upward-directed flowers is about 25 cm. They bloom in July, winter well - frost-resistant varieties, resistant to diseases. LA hybrids of lilies are perfect for growing in the open field, they will successfully complement the landscape design of the garden with their multi-color.
- Reds: Fangio, Red Planet, Constable, Original Love, Royal Grace, Tomar.
- Whites: Litovin, Oakland, Ice Crystal, Bright Diamond, Donatello, Ercolano.
- Yellow: Royal Fantasy, Freya, Buzzeto, Yellow Cocot, Prominent, Royal Fantasy.
- Pink: Cavalese, Turandot, Arbatax, Beyonce, Indian Summerset, Cavalese, Little Kiss, Moselle, Nora, Rodeo.
- Magenta: Noranda, Sabatini, Samur, Cecil.
- Orange: Bestseller, Eremo, Indian Diamond, Kentucky, Supers Crossing, Orange Cocot, Fiamma.
Oriental (Oriental hybrids). Powerfully developed greenery, a large bush, 0.8-1.5 m high. The diameter of exotic flowers is about 25 cm. They bloom in August, do not hibernate (it is better to dig up the bulbs and store them in the basement). Oriental lilies are the most spectacular and demanded among gardeners, but new varieties of OT hybrids, distinguished by early flowering, are beginning to form some competition in landscape design.
- Reds: Distance Drum, Montezuma, Magic Star, Pico, Stargazer, Sumatra, Tigerwoods.
- Whites: Innocent Lady, Rialto, Casablanca, Sun Glove, Triumphant, Muscadet, Annika, Double Party, Legend, Marco Polo.
- Yellow: Royal Fantasy, Freya, Anais Anais, Breckdance.
- Pink: Isabella, Bernini, Josephine, Acapulco, Bergamo, Belonica, Double Surprise.
- Magenta: Dizzy, Power Gloss, Starfighter, Entrtainer.
Hybrids of Asian and Oriental lilies (OA hybrids). The diameter of the flowers directed upwards is 18-20 cm. There are few varieties in this new group of hybrids: yellow (Yellow Power, Kaveri, Nanjing, Sani Crown), pink-red (Kokopa, Red Power, Fest Crown, Elegant Crown).
Hybrids of oriental and tubular varieties of lilies (OT hybrids or Orienpet). The height of the bush is 1.5 m. Huge fragrant buds up to 30 cm in diameter are directed to the sides and up. Easy to care for, hibernate without problems.
- Reds: Moussassi, Red Hart, Satisfaction, Sophie.
- White: Boogie Woogie, Jura, Eastern Moon, Coconut, Mister Cass, Ovation.
- Yellow: Gold Class, Halloween, Katina, Lesotho, Pontiac, Solange, Fifty Fifty.
- Pink: Bowmore, Baywatch, Gluwein, Judy Fowlis, Donato, Myth.
- Magenta: Dalian, Judith Saffinha, Life Style, Miss Fairy.
- Orange: Morini, Orange Space, Saltarello.
Hybrids of tubular and Orleans lilies. The most viable varieties of all types of lilies, resistant to both fungal and viral diseases, but require shelter for the winter.
- White: Upfacing White, Lady Alice, Regale, Regale Album.
- Yellow: Upfacing Yellow, Golden Splendor.
- Pink: Upfacing Pink.
- Magenta: Pink Perfection.
- Orange: Upfacing Orange, African Queen.
Martagon hybrids. Small turbid flowers with whorls of foliage. Long-lasting, frost-resistant, disease-resistant varieties.
- Reds: Claude Shride.
- Whites: Martagon Album, Chameleon.
- Yellow: Slate Morning.
- Pink: Rashchian Morning, Hydebird.
- Magenta: Martagon Purple, Maruun King.
A brand new group of lilies LO hybrids (Oriental plus Longiflorum) with funnel-shaped flowers: pink (Bellsong, Dolcetto, Pink Neven, Prince Promis), white (Global Beauty, Illusion, White Triumphant).
Another new series of lilies obtained by triple crossing - LOO hybridswith plafond flowers with a diameter of about 40 cm: white (Bright Diamond, Eagle, Nuance Polar, White Triumph), pink (Dreamuiver, Pink Diamond, Pink Panther, Forlana, Faith).
In domestic latitudes, experienced gardeners recommend growing lilies of the following varieties: Regale, Crystal Star, Merostar, Narbona, Grand Gru. But to introduce bright touches into the landscape design, use rare varieties of lilies: red (African Lady, Black Beauty, Scarlet Delight), white (Gold Bend, Virginel, Speziosum Album), pink (Lancon, Spesozum Rubrum, drooping lily), orange (lily of David, lily of Henry, lily of leopard), yellow (lily of Canada, lily of dwarf, lily of Leuchtlin, lily of Hanson).
The emergence of new varieties and hybrids with a rich color palette and unique decorative properties allows lilies to gain a strong position in garden landscape design, decorating flower beds, curtains, borders with their appearance.
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Lilies in landscape design - in the garden and in the flowerbed, how and with what to plant ⚜
Elegant and majestic lilies in the garden can become a bright accent in the landscape of the site for several years. This luxurious plant has a number of advantages that make it attractive for use in garden flower arrangements: slender stems, a wide palette of all kinds of flowering shades, amazing aroma, bright large flowers, minimal maintenance and resistance to pests and diseases.
The variety of lily varieties allows you to select plants taking into account individual stylistic preferences. The difference in the flowering periods of hybrid species makes it possible to arrange the flower bed in such a way that it will delight and surprise with new shades and shapes of flowers for a long time.
Growing lilies is not a hassle if you immediately find a good place and create favorable conditions.
Temperature and lighting requirements
Lilies of this species prefer a temperate climate. The optimum temperature for their active growth and flowering is + 19 ... + 26 ° C. When planting lilies, choose slightly shaded areas where there is sufficient sun in the morning. This is an important point, since lilies only open in good light. The root zone, on the contrary, is recommended to be shaded. This can be done with undersized and ornamental plants.
Soil and nutrient requirements
Lilies bloom best on light, fertile soil with neutral or slightly high acidity. They cannot stand water stagnation, therefore, when planting, you need to take care of high-quality drainage. The area where the lilies will be planted must be dug to the depth of a shovel, compost (1 bucket / m²), as well as mineral fertilizers - superphosphate (100 g) and potassium salt (50 g).
Planting and transplanting
For planting, babies are usually used, which are separated from the bulbs of adult plants. Before that, they are dipped for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g / 10 l of water).
- small holes 10-15 cm deep are dug
- a little sand is poured at the bottom of each, which will provide drainage
- the bulbs are buried in the holes, covered with earth, the area is watered abundantly, and if planting is carried out in the fall, then covered with a layer of mulch.
The care of the bed is standard: watering, gentle loosening and weeding. Sprouted bulbs are transplanted to a permanent place, where they bloom after 1–2 years. Annual flowering is repeated every 4–5 years. Then the bulbs are depleted, but babies ripen on them, which are used for reproduction.
Tiger lilies are deadly to cats. All parts of this plant contain substances that are toxic to furry pets, which, if eaten, cause kidney failure.
Other breeding methods
In addition to daughter bulbs, lilies can be propagated in several other ways:
- Kidney bulbs. From the second year of life, small bulbs begin to form in the leaf axils. At the end of summer, they are harvested, sown in a substrate, and after rooting, they are transplanted into the soil. By the way, this is how lilies reproduce by self-seeding.
- Scales. When transplanting, scales are separated from the bulbs, planted in wet sand and, in greenhouse conditions, after a few months, sprouts appear from them. In this way, more than 100 new plants can be obtained from one bulb.
- Seeds. This is a laborious process and an unreliable method, since the seed germination rate is 70%, but it is sometimes used.
Lily bulbs have medicinal properties. They are used for the manufacture of pain relievers, tonic, hemostatic drugs and folk remedies.
Watering rates and soil care
Lilies do not need abundant watering. If they grow in a shaded part of the garden or are in a composition with ground cover plants, then they do not need to be watered. When located in a sunny area, moderate watering at the root is needed during the flowering period. It is better to produce them in the morning, so that excess moisture evaporates during the day.
After flowering, watering is gradually reduced. To maintain the necessary moisture, the soil is mulched or pallets with wet moss are used. It is also required to regularly loosen the soil and remove weeds, which can be carriers of fungi and pests.
Fertilizers and feeding
Regular feeding of lilies is also not required. Only during the period of active flowering, it is recommended to feed them with complex fertilizers 1 time in 3 weeks, but this is not necessary. If the flowers are planted in fertile soil and bloom well, then mineral fertilizers can be dispensed with or replaced with compost. The latter is scattered on the surface in spring, and is also introduced during transplantation.
Shelter for the winter
Lilies have excellent winter hardiness, and in snowy winters they do not need shelter - just a layer of snow is enough. But since snow is not always and not in all regions, it is better to hide wintering bulbs under a layer of organic matter.
Lilies in the garden. Lilies - photo - Do-it-yourself house and garden
Beautiful, beloved by all lilies, which seek to grow almost all the owners of their plots of land. Why are they so attractive? First of all, of course, the beauty and variety of their shapes and colors. But the smell of many of them is amazing. Plus, it's very easy to grow them. The main thing is to plant at the desired depth (different species in different ways), do not forget to water during flowering, especially in the heat, cut the flowers correctly so as not to harm the bulb.
I don't have many lilies in my garden yet, but those that grow are very encouraging. My mother brought my very first lilies from Ukraine. They are white, not large, but very aromatic. When they grew, I transplanted them closer to home to admire from the window. And how many people have I already given the nests of overgrown bulbs. I hope they all got accustomed and delight with their beauty.
Flower garden with lilies
Here is my flower garden almost at the very house. The wall of the garage and the attic above it are visible. And in the lower right corner there are lily buds from the photo below. Beauties!
My white lilies are very simple, they do not have stem roots above the bulb, so they can be planted at a shallow depth. I don’t even worry if over time the tops of the bulbs begin to bulge out of the ground. In the Tula region, they winter without shelter remarkably even in this form. On light soils, it is advisable to plant them at a depth of at least 2 bulb diameters. On heavy ones, you can go to a shallower depth.
They multiply very quickly by daughter bulbs. Several years after planting, several full-fledged, well-flowering daughter bulbs grow. True, they fade away quickly enough for me. Just during flowering in early July, it is hot. But if blooming lilies are watered abundantly, flowering can be prolonged.
The lilies from the pictures above are cup-shaped aristocrats. I still have not seated them, because in 4 years after planting they have not grown much. Large, medium height, luxurious shape and color. Although there are larger ones. I took the first photo a year later with a normal camera. The lilies have already grown.
And this lily in a pot was brought by her husband, he could not pass by such beauty. Can be viewed in large size.
I also bought a luxurious red lily, but I have it very weak, because the bulb was small.
Types of lilies
Lilies (Lilium) belong to the Liliaceae family. In nature, there are more than 100 species of lilies, and China is considered the center of origin of lilies. Types of lilies: Daurian, long-flowered, small. The international classification grouped all hybrid lilies into 9 sections: Martagon, Asiatic, Candidum, Longiflorum, American, Tubular, Oriental, Orleans and Species lilies.
Lilies are perennial bulbous plants. Interestingly, they do not have integumentary scales. The shape of the bulb is round, concentric, ovoid, rhizome or stolonic, the diameter varies greatly depending on the species and can be from 3 to 25 cm.The flowering shoots are also very different from 5 to 300 cm.The simple perianth is of various shapes: bell-shaped, turbid, tubular, goblet, etc. The color is very diverse: yellow, white, red, pink, orange, lilac, monochromatic or with spots, specks, stripes.
Many species have a very pleasant aroma. The flowers are more often collected in umbellate or racemose inflorescences, less often they are located singly on the stem. You can choose the types and varieties of lilies that bloom from June to September.
Reproduction of lilies
Reproduction more often by vegetative organs, less often by seeds, which remain viable for up to 1 year. In addition, varietal traits are not preserved when propagated by seeds, this is useful only for breeding work.
Bulb propagation... The bulb constantly forms axillary buds, so after 3-5 years a nest is formed from one bulb. Nests consisting of 4-6 bulbs are divided and transplanted in August-September. Each daughter bulb has an independent root system, so it is separated from the mother and immediately planted in a permanent place.
Reproduction by baby bulbs... In many species of lilies, baby bulbs are formed on the underground part of the stem in the zone of stem roots. During transplantation, the baby is separated from the mother's stem and planted for growing in a special bed. They grow up for 1-2 years.
Propagation by stem bulbs (buds)... Lilies Sargent, tiger, bulbous, as well as some varieties can form air bulbs in the axils of stem leaves, up to 150-180 pieces on one shoot. To obtain large bulbs, the flower buds are removed. In August, they are harvested, without waiting for them to crumble, and planted on beds in grooves 2-3 cm deep at a distance of 5-6 cm, between rows 15-20 cm. Growing up 2-3 years. For the winter, when the ground freezes, the plantings are covered with leaves, sawdust or peat with a layer of 10-15 cm.
Reproduction by scales of bulbs... In this way, all types of lilies can be propagated if desired. The scales are best removed at the beginning of the growing season in early spring or during the flowering period, as well as during transplantation. In the spring and during flowering, the bulbs are not dug out, so as not to disrupt their growth, but they shovel the earth and separate the large outer scales. Half or even 2/3 of all scales can be separated without harm to the bulb. The scales are washed in water, then in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 5-10 minutes, slightly dried and sprinkled with crushed coal.
Then the scales are sprinkled with perlite, sand or sphagnum moss and tied in plastic bags, leaving more air inside. Storage in a dark place:
- in the first 6 weeks at a temperature of 22-25 degrees Celsius,
- then 4 weeks at 16-18 degrees,
- then until landing at sub-zero temperatures from -1 to -5 degrees.
During storage, at the base of the scales, baby bulbs up to 1 cm in size with roots are formed. At the end of August-September, they are planted for growing in open ground.
How to plant lilies
Planting is carried out in sunny or slightly shaded, preferably sheltered from the wind, areas with normal drainage, on loose, nutritious, permeable soils. Most lilies prefer neutral or slightly alkaline soils. But Asian hybrids love slightly acidic soils. Heavy clay soils should be improved by adding leaf humus and coarse sand. Do not plant lilies after asters, and other annual flowers and legumes are excellent predecessors.
Planting and transplanting is best done at the end of August-September. When transplanting, it is important to ensure that the bulbs and roots do not dry out, it is better to cover them with moss or a damp cloth. Planting depth depends on several factors: bulb size, soil texture and stem root formation. If the plant forms supra-bulbous stem roots, it must be planted at a depth of at least three bulb diameters, and even deeper on light soils.
It is recommended to plant the bulbs on a 3-4 cm layer of river sand, it protects the bottom from decay. After planting, water the lilies abundantly and mulch with compost, leaves or grass. Some lilies are covered with spruce branches or a layer of dry leaves of 10-15 cm for the winter, peat is used for the same purposes. But in the spring you need to hurry to remove the shelter so as not to damage the delicate shoots.
In landscape design, lilies are widely used, as they are effective in any plantings. They are also grown for cutting, especially since they grow well indoors and are amenable to forcing.
Another important point. If there is a need to cut a flowering shoot with a flower, be sure to leave two-thirds of the shoot. And do not rush to cut off the faded peduncles, this should be done as late as possible, when the peduncle dries up. If you follow all the simple recommendations, the lilies on the site will bloom well and delight the owners.
The last picture is of unpretentious pink lilies, also growing in my garden in a flower garden.
Author Olga Bogach https://svoimirukamivdome.ru/
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