How to Propagate a Myrtle Spurge (Euphorbia myrsinites)
Myrtle Spurge propagates best from seeds, but it will also grow from softwood cuttings. Start Myrtle Spurge seeds in somewhat large containers, so they…
Plant Layering Methods For Propagation
There are two ways to layer plants.
Ground-Layering Method For Propagation
The ground-layering is the simplest method. This method is good for layering shrubs where their low branches can be bent and buried in soil to develop roots. This method is good for camellias, jasmine, mandevilla, daphne, the boxwood, forsythia, blackberries, etc.
1. Tip Layering
Select a healthy stem tip about 15 centimetre long and scrape the top layer of the stem to expose the cambium layer and then bury in the ground. You will see new growth in 2-3 months time, then cut it off from the parent plant and then transplant it as a new plant.
2. Simple Layering
This is done by bending the middle of a stem and pushing it underground and kept in place with a U-shaped pin. Roots will form at the stem that is underground.
3. Serpentine Layering
You can also put 2-3 portions of the stem underground in a serpentine manner. The serpentine layering works for long, flexible branches.
Air Layering Method For Propagation
|Rubber plant air-layering|
The air layering or aerial layering method is the most reliable and the easiest layering method to clone a plant. It produces a genetically identical tree, so it is a vey good method, specially for a fruit tree to create a copy of the tree.
In air layering, the plant is wounded and some rooting hormone is optionally applied around the wound which encourages to grow roots. It is then surrounded in a moist medium such as sphagnum or coir peat moss, which is wrapped in a polyethylene sheet to retain moisture inside. The stem from the parent plant is removed when sufficient roots grow at the wound.
In this method, the air layer can even be left unattended for long periods to grow stronger roots, without the roots dying.
Woody plants such as magnolias, rhododendrons, fruits trees and many Australian natives are perfect for aerial layering.
Watch YouTube Videos on Propagation by air layering method
How to Propagate a Plant From Cuttings in 5 Easy Steps
It's easier than you think!
Propagating your plants is a lot easier than it seems, even if you're new to this whole green thumb thing. But let's back up a sec—if you're reading this wondering, "What does propagation even mean?!" here's what you need to know: Plant propagation is a way of forming a new plant from an existing plant. Essentially, you take a piece of a bigger plant and start growing another one from it. You might do this because your plant requires regular pruning and you don't want the cuttings to go to waste, or to create a sweet gift from an existing plant (hello, housewarming!).
There are a few different methods of propagating plants from cuttings, but we went with the water method at the recommendation of Joyce Mast, Bloomscape's resident Plant Mom (yes, that is her real title!). If you're ready to try it out with one of your plants, here's what to do.
- Your plant*
- Glass jar
- Rubbing alcohol
- Potting soil
*We used a rubber tree (AKA the Ficus elastica) for this tutorial, but there are tons of plants out there that can be propagated in water. If you're unsure if your plant can be propagated in water, check with your local garden center!
Six methods of plant propagation
Want to increase your stock of plants to gift to friends and family? Here are six ways to success.
Published: Tuesday, 19 May, 2020 at 10:01 am
Propagating plants means making new plants for free. We gardeners can save a fortune by propagating our own plants, rather than buying new plants from the garden centre.
You can propagate plants from collecting seed, taking cuttings or dividing rootballs. Some plants are easier to propagate than others, and you can prolong the life of certain shrubs and herbaceous plants by propagating them.
You don’t need a lot of kit to propagate plants, just a bit of gritty compost, a container or two and an envelope to store seeds.
More on propagating plants:
Propagating by saving and sowing seed
Growing plants from seed is one of the cheapest and most effective ways of propagating plants. Simply leave a few seedheads on your plants after they’ve finished flowering, removing the rest to conserve the plant’s energy. Save the seed in an envelope to sow the following spring or sow immediately.
Propagating by layering
Pendulous shrubs and trees can root when stems make contact with soil. Strawberry plants make ‘runners’ that root readily to produce new plants. You can manipulate these natural methods of propagation by ensuring the stems or runners make contact with prepared soil. This is called ‘layering’.
Propagation by division
Dividing plants is a great way of propagating perennials. Usually done in spring or autumn, dividing plants also helps rejuvenate them, because smaller clumps means there’s less root material to compete for water and nutrients. Because you’re dealing with chunks of established plants and selecting vigorous growth, you’re likely to make robust plants with little aftercare required.
Propagation by basal cuttings
Basal cuttings come from the new growth that shoots up in spring, from a crown or tuber. By removing them using a sharp knife at ground level, you can pot them into gritty compost and encourage them to form roots. Taking basal cuttings isn’t the easiest method of propagation, but it’s well worth the hassle.
Propagation from root cuttings
If you’ve ever attempted to move an oriental poppy or acanthus then you will know that any trace of root left behind has the ability and energy to regenerate. Gardeners can easily exploit the same phenomenon by digging up the plant, cutting small pieces of root and potting them up.
Propagation from stem cuttings
Taking stem cuttings involves removing pieces of stem and potting them up, encouraging them to develop roots. Some plants are easier to propagate from stem cuttings than others. Softwood stem cuttings can be taken in summer, while hardwood stem cuttings are taken in autumn and winter.