Plants, Adiantum, Adiantum capillus veneris, Adiantum aleuticum, Adiantum macrophyllum, Adiantum formosum, Adiantum aethiopicum, Adiantum concinnum, Adiantum pedatum, Adiantum raddianum, Adiantum tenerumorme, Adiantum venustum, Adiantum peruviantum, Adiantum caulifiant, Adiantum cauvianum, Adiantum cauvianum, Adiantum cauvianum, Adiantum cauvianum, renal

Plants, Adiantum, Adiantum capillus veneris, Adiantum aleuticum, Adiantum macrophyllum, Adiantum formosum, Adiantum aethiopicum, Adiantum concinnum, Adiantum pedatum, Adiantum raddianum, Adiantum tenerumorme, Adiantum venustum, Adiantum peruviantum, Adiantum caulifiant, Adiantum cauvianum, Adiantum cauvianum, Adiantum cauvianum, Adiantum cauvianum, renal

HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS

The genus belongs to that group of plants that are commonly called FERN and includes numerous well-known species used to adorn our homes.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Plantae

Clado

: Ferns and related groups

Order

:

Polypodiales

Family

:

Polypodiaceae

Kind

:

Adiantum

Species

: see the paragraph on "Main species"

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

Let's talk about that large group of plants that are commonly called ferns. They are plants devoid of flowers, fruits and seeds and belong to the great family of Polypodiaceae where we find about 170 genera and more than 7000 species divided into 14 subfamilies.

For many years they have been shrouded in mystery because it was not understood how they could multiply. Only in 1850 a German bookseller was able to unravel the mystery having noticed on the underside of the leaves, the spores, through which the plant multiplied.

MAIN SPECIES

There are numerous species among which we remember

Adiantum capillus veneris

known as

Maidenhair

L'TO. capillus veneris, best known as maidenhair is one of the most attractive and popular plants, featuring delicate black stems that resemble a woman's hair.

It does not reach large sizes and is equipped with a rhizome.

For more information on the cultivation of the maidenhair go to the page dedicated to the maidenhair fern.

We now present a roundup of species that all have the same cultivation techniques.

BIOLOGICAL CYCLE

They are plants that are distinguished from higher plants as they lack classical visible reproduction organs such as flowers and from lower plants (mosses, lichens, fungi, etc.) as the plant is a horn that is to say a plant well formed in all its parts with root, stem, leaves, pots, pith, etc. with the exception of the flowers that is the organs of reproduction.


Leaves with sporangia on the underside

The ferns to reproduce produce spores (hence the name of SPOROPHITE) evident on the underside of the leaves. The spores are found within SPORANGI which are none other than the capsules in which the SPORES. In turn, the sporangia are grouped in so-called formations SORI.

The spore, carried by the wind, falls into the ground and germinates. From its germination an independent plant is born that produces GAMETI said PROTALLO or GAMETOFITO. On the prothalus the sexual organs are formed, ANTERIDS (male) e ARCHEGONI (female) where the ANTEROZOI and the OOSPHERE mature respectively. The male anterozoan moves in the plant thanks to the water (rain, dew, etc.) and goes to fertilize the oosphere that has just fertilized (FERTILIZED EMBRYO) germinates remaining in the Archegonium (in this phase the embryo produces a sort of root called austorium which sinks into the tissues of the gametophyte to be able to nourish itself). From this embryo the plant we know will be born.

CULTURAL TECHNIQUE

Plants should be placed in an area of ​​the house where there is not much light. The dark green color of the leaves helps them to get the most out of any type of light and since they do not bloom, ferns do not need as much light as the flowering plants absorb. Furthermore, in nature they are undergrowth plants for which the shade is their ideal environment.

Ferns do not need special attention: once you understand their needs, cultivation is very simple. First of all, remember that the optimal average temperatures are around 18 ° C and must stay away from drafts. If you see that the fern grows well in the place where you have placed it, do not move it. It means that in that place he has found an ideal microclimate.

A recommendation that applies to ferns but which I recommend for all plants: NEVER use polishes for the leaves. These products in fact block the stomata of the leaf preventing it from carrying out its normal physiological functions. To clean the leaves, simply use a damp cloth.

WATERING

The main problem for ferns is humidity. In fact, an environment that is too dry or too hot causes serious damage.

They generally have fairly thin fronds and therefore are unable to absorb much water. This fact makes them very sensitive to dehydration when they stay too long in a dry environment. To overcome this drawback it is essential to keep the environment around the fern humid with constant nebulizations, at least twice a day during the hot season. This slows down the loss of water from the fronds.

Another system is to place the pot on a saucer full of pebbles and then fill it with water, making sure that the bottom of the pot is not immersed in water as in this way the soil of the pot would become saturated with water, making rot roots. This system allows, when it is hot, to evaporate the water in the saucer which consequently moistens the surrounding air. It is advisable to remember to fill the saucer whenever the water has evaporated.

In any case, the soil must always be moderately moist.

TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT

They generally have a rapid growth therefore when it has reached an excessive size, it is repotted in March. The normally dry basic leaves are removed and placed in a slightly larger pot.

Put on the bottom of the vase a consistent layer of gravel and small stones that serve to facilitate the flow of water. The compost should consist of three parts of peat, 2 parts of coarse sand and a good dose of basic fertilizer.

FERTILIZATION

Throughout the spring-summer season it is necessary to fertilize regularly, twice a month, with liquid fertilizers to be diluted in the irrigation water. In other periods they must be suspended.

It is advisable to use a fertilizer that in addition to having macroelements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) also has microelements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) , zinc (Zn), boron (B), polybdenum (Mo), all important for a correct and balanced growth of the plant.

FLOWERING

Ferns do not bloom.

PRUNING

We cannot talk about pruning: the leaves that gradually dry up must be eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.

Make sure that the tool you use for cutting is clean and disinfected (preferably with a flame) to avoid infecting the tissues.

MULTIPLICATION

Multiplication can occur in two ways: by division of the tufts or for propagation by spores, the latter not easy to realize.

MULTIPLICATION BY DIVISION OF THE PLANT

The division of the plant takes place in spring, approximately every three years. She takes the vase and turns it upside down, sliding it out of the vase.

At that point you grab the clod of soil in your hands and divide the plant into two or more parts, making sure that each portion has at least a couple of buds. The two parts are planted in single pots using a soil as indicated for adult plants and treated as such.

MULTIPLICATION BY SPORE

Spore multiplication is a difficult technique to implement in domestic conditions. In any case, if you want to try it, a procedure that can be tried in the home environment is explained below.

In spring, a fern leaf containing the spores is cut, scraped and dropped into a sheet.

A box is then prepared that contains moorland and peat in equal parts and the spores are arranged. Then water in moderation so as not to form pits or holes in the soil and put a glass plate or a transparent plastic sheet on top.

At this point the box is placed in the dark and at a temperature of about 20-23 ° C, taking care to keep the soil always moist. The glass plate or the plastic sheet is opened every day in order to eliminate the condensation that forms.

After about 2-3 months the first plants will be born and at this point it is necessary to move the box to a brighter position (but not too much) and remove the glass plate.

Once the seedlings have grown and developed, they must be transplanted 2-3 per pot which must have a diameter of no more than 6-7 cm and are treated like adult fern plants.

PARASITES AND DISEASES

Falling dry leaves

This symptom means that the plant does not have the right water balance. It is necessary to increase watering and humidity.
Remedies: as a first step it is advisable to immerse the pot in a bucket of water so that the earth gets soaked, then it drips well and then puts it back in its place, adjusting, for the future, the watering and humidity in more correct way.

Leaves pale and discolored

If the leaves show this symptom, it means that the plant is too exposed to the sun.
Remedies: move it to a more suitable place.

Curled leaves

If the leaves appear curled it means that the temperature is too low.
Remedies: move the plant to a warmer place.

Dark edged leaves that wither fairly quickly

If this symptomatology occurs, it means that the environment where your plant is located is too hot.
Remedies: move the plant to a cooler place.

Leaves with dark spots

If this symptom is present, it is likely that the plant is undergoing a fungal attack, most of the time due to water imbalances, i.e. excessive stagnation of water in the saucer.
Remedies: remove the affected parts and use specific fungicides products.

Spots on the underside of the leaves

Spots on the underside of the leaves could mean that you are in the presence of the cochineal, and it could be both the brown cochineal and the mealy cochineal. Look at them with a magnifying glass, they are characteristic, you can't go wrong. Also if you try to scratch them off with a fingernail, they come off very easily.

Remedies: remove them with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol or if the plant is large and potted, you can wash it with water and neutral soap by rubbing with a sponge to remove the parasites, after which the plant should be rinsed to remove the soap. For larger plants planted outdoors, use specific pesticides.

CURIOSITY'

The name of the genus Adiantum it means "that it does not get wet" in fact the droplets of water on the leaves slide off quickly.

They are plants that appeared on earth 350 million years ago.

Cesare Pavese (born in Santo Stefano Belbo in the Langhe in 1908 and died in Turin in 1950) in his books often speaks of the maidenhair as he often found her in the caves of the Langhe.


They are distinctive in appearance, with dark, often black stipes and rachises, and bright green, often delicately cut leaf tissue. The sori are borne submarginally, and are covered by reflexed flaps of leaf tissue which resemble indusia. Dimorphism between sterile and fertile fronds is generally subtle.

They generally prefer humus-rich, moist, well-drained sites, ranging from bottomland soils to vertical rock walls. Many species are especially known for growing on rock walls around waterfalls and water seepage areas.

The highest species diversity is in the Andes. Fairly high diversity also occurs in eastern Asia, with nearly 40 species in China.

Species native to North America includes A. pedatum (five-fingered fern) and the closely related A. aleuticum, which are distinctive in having a bifurcating frond that radiates pinnae on one side only. The cosmopolitan A. capillus-veneris (Venus-hair fern) has a native distribution that extends into the eastern continent. A. jordanii (California Maidenhair) is native to the west coast.

There is a rich Adiantum flora in New Zealand with 3 endemic species (A. cunninghamii, A. viridescens and A. fulvum) in a total of 10 recorded species. Many of these are common especially in the west and south of the islands.

It is now known that this genus is paraphyletic, and that the vittarioid ferns are derived from this larger paraphyletic genus. However, if Adiantum raddianum, and possibly a few other species, are removed, the remaining plants (genus type: Adiantum capillus-veneris) are then monophyletic.

Many species are grown in the horticultural trade, including all three of the species mentioned [ ambiguous ], as well as a number of tropical species, including A. raddianum and A. peruvianum. Both A. pedatum and A. aleuticum are hardy to zone 3, and are by far the most cold-hardy members of the genus. A. venustum is also cold-hardy to zone 5. A. capillus-veneris is hardy to zone 7.

  • Adiantum abscissum
  • Adiantum aculeolatum
  • Adiantum adiantoides
  • Adiantum aethiopicum - common maidenhair, true maidenhair
  • Adiantum alarconianum
  • Adiantum aleuticum - Aleutian maidenhair, western five-fingered Fern
  • Adiantum amazonicum
  • Adiantum amblyopteridium
  • Adiantum amelianum
  • Adiantum anceps - double edge maidenhair
  • Adiantum aneitense
  • Adiantum angustatum
  • Adiantum annamense
  • Adiantum atroviride
  • Adiantum bellum - Bermuda maidenhair
  • Adiantum bessoniae
  • Adiantum blumenavense
  • Adiantum boliviense
  • Adiantum bonatianum
  • Adiantum bonii
  • Adiantum brasiliense - Brazilian maidenhair
  • Adiantum breviserratum
  • Adiantum calcareum
  • Adiantum capillus-junonis
  • Adiantum capillus-veneris - black maidenhair, southern maidenhair, Venus' hair
  • Adiantum caudatum - walking maidenhair, tailed maidenhair, trailing maidenhair
  • Adiantum celebicum
  • Adiantum chilense
  • Adiantum christii
  • Comoroense Adiantum
  • Adiantum concinnum - polished maidenhair, brittle maidenhair
  • Adiantum coreanum - Korean maidenhair fern [3]
  • Adiantum crespianum
  • Adiantum cultratum
  • Adiantum cuneatiforme
  • Adiantum cuneatum (junior synonym of A. raddianum)
  • Adiantum cunninghamii
  • Adiantum cupreum
  • Adiantum curvatum
  • Adiantum davidii
  • Adiantum diaphanum - filmy maidenhair, small maidenhair.
  • Adiantum dioganum
  • Adiantum diphyllum
  • Adiantum discretodenticulatum
  • Adiantum dissimulatum
  • Adiantum edgeworthii
  • Adiantum elegantulum
  • Adiantum erylliae
  • Adiantum erythrochlamys
  • Adiantum excisum - Chilean maidenhair
  • Adiantum fengianum
  • Adiantum fimbriatum
  • Adiantum flabellulatum
  • Adiantum formosum - giant maidenhair, Australian maidenhair
  • Adiantum fossarum
  • Adiantum fragile - fragile maidenhair
  • Adiantum fragrans
  • Adiantum fructosum
  • Adiantum fulvum
  • Adiantum gertrudis
  • Adiantum gibbosum
  • Adiantum gingkoides
  • Adiantum glabrum
  • Adiantum glaureosum
  • Adiantum glaucescens
  • Adiantum glaucinum
  • Adiantum glaziovii
  • Adiantum gomphophyllum
  • Adiantum gracile
  • Adiantum gravesii
  • Adiantum grossum
  • Adiantum hispidulum - rough maidenhair, rosy maidenhair
  • Adiantum hollandiae
  • Adiantum hornei
  • Adiantum hosei
  • Adiantum imbricatum
  • Adiantum incertum
  • Adiantum incisum
  • Adiantum intermedium
  • Adiantum jordanii - California maidenhair
  • Adiantum juxtapositum
  • Adiantum kendalii
  • Adiantum kingii
  • Adiantum klossii
  • Adiantum lamrianum
  • Adiantum latifolium - broadleaf maidenhair
  • Adiantum lenvingei
  • Adiantum lianxianense
  • Adiantum lindenii
  • Adiantum lonrentzii
  • Adiantum lucidum
  • Adiantum macrocladum
  • Adiantum macrophyllum - largeleaf maidenhair
  • Adiantum madagascariense
  • Adiantum malaliense
  • Adiantum malesianum
  • Adiantum mariesii
  • Adiantum mariposatum
  • Adiantum mcvaughii
  • Adiantum melanoleucum - fragrant maidenhair
  • Adiantum mendoncae
  • Adiantum menglianense
  • Adiantum mettenii
  • Adiantum mindanaense
  • Adiantum monochlamys
  • Adiantum monosorum
  • Adiantum multisorum
  • Adiantum myriosorum
  • Adiantum neoguineense
  • Adiantum novae-caledoniae
  • Adiantum nudum
  • Adiantum oaxacanum
  • Adiantum obliquum - oblique maidenhair
  • Adiantum ogasawarense
  • Adiantum opacum
  • Adiantum ornithopodum
  • Adiantum ovalescens
  • Adiantum palaoense
  • Adiantum papillosum
  • Adiantum paraense
  • Adiantum patens
  • Adiantum pearcei
  • Adiantum pedatum - northern maidenhair, five-fingered fern
  • Adiantum pentadactylon
  • Adiantum peruvianum - silver-dollar fern, Peruvian maidenhair
  • Adiantum petiolatum - stalked maidenhair
  • Adiantum philippense
  • Adiantum phyllitidis
  • Adiantum platyphyllum
  • Adiantum poiretti
  • Adiantum polyphyllum - giant maidenhair
  • Adiantum pseudotinctum
  • Adiantum pulchellum
  • Adiantum pulcherrimum
  • Adiantum pulverulentum - glossy maidenhair
  • Adiantum pumilum
  • Adiantum pyramidale - pyramid maidenhair
  • Adiantum raddianum - delta maidenhair
  • Adiantum rectangulare
  • Adiantum reniforme - lotus-leaved maidenhair fern
  • Adiantum rhizophorum
  • Adiantum robinsonii
  • Adiantum roborowskii
  • Adiantum swifts
  • Adiantum rubellum
  • Adiantum rufopetalum
  • Adiantum scabrum
  • Adiantum schmalzii
  • Adiantum schmidtchenii
  • Adiantum schweinfurthii
  • Adiantum seemannii - Seeman's maidenhair
  • Adiantum semiorbiculatum
  • Adiantum senae
  • Adiantum serratifolium
  • Adiantum shastense
  • Adiantum siamense
  • Adiantum silvaticum
  • Adiantum sinicum
  • Adiantum soboliferum
  • Adiantum sordidum
  • Adiantum stenochlamys
  • Adiantum stolzii
  • Adiantum subcordatum - big maidenhair
  • Adiantum subpedatum
  • Adiantum tenerum - fan maidenhair, brittle maidenhair
  • Adiantum tenuissimum
  • Adiantum tetragonum
  • Adiantum tetraphyllum - fourleaf maidenhair
  • Adiantum thalictroides
  • Adiantum trapeziforme - diamond maidenhair
  • Adiantum tricholepis - fuzzy maidenhair
  • Adiantum trilobum
  • Adiantum tripteris
  • Adiantum venustum - evergreen maidenhair, Himalayan maidenhair.
  • Adiantum villosissimum
  • Adiantum villosum - woolly maidenhair
  • Adiantum viridescens
  • Adiantum viridimontanum - Green Mountain maidenhair
  • Adiantum vivesii - Puerto Rico maidenhair
  • Adiantum vogelii
  • Adiantum wattii
  • Adiantum wilsonii - Wilson's maidenhair
  • Adiantum zollingeri

Rough Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum hispidulum)


São distinguivas em termos de aparência, with espiques and ráquis escuros, muitas vezes pretos. O tecido foliar is muitas vezes delicado. Os soros alojam-se submarginally, estando cobertos abas de tecido foliar, fazendo lembrar indúsios. Or dimorphism between frondes estéreis and férteis é de maneira geral subtil.

De maneira geral, preferem locais bem drenados, húmidos and ricos em húmus, varying between solos em terras baixas até paredes verticais rochosas. Muitas espécies são especially conhecidas por growm em paredes rochosas perto de quedas de água.

A major diversidade de espécies pode ser encontrada nos Andes. Diversidade apreciável também ocorre na Ásia oriental, with search of 40 espécies in China.

It is sabid that o género is paraphiletic, and que os fetos da subfamília Vittarioideae são derivados deste grande género paraphilético. entanto, if A. raddianum, and possibly algumas outras espécies forem removidas, as restantes plantas serão então monofiléticas.

Muitas espécies são cultivadas para or comércio em horticultura.

  • Adiantum abscissum
  • Adiantum aculeolatum
  • Adiantum adiantoides
  • Adiantum aethiopicum
  • Adiantum alarconianum
  • Adiantum aleuticum
  • Adiantum amazonicum
  • Adiantum amblyopteridium
  • Adiantum amelianum
  • Adiantum anceps
  • Adiantum aneitense
  • Adiantum angustatum
  • Adiantum annamense
  • Adiantum atroviride
  • Adiantum bellum
  • Adiantum bessoniae
  • Adiantum blumenavense
  • Adiantum boliviense
  • Adiantum bonatianum
  • Adiantum bonii
  • Adiantum brasiliense
  • Adiantum breviserratum
  • Adiantum calcareum
  • Adiantum capillus-junonis
  • Adiantum capillus-veneris
  • Adiantum caudatum
  • Adiantum celebicum
  • Adiantum chilense
  • Adiantum christii
  • Comoroense Adiantum
  • Adiantum concinnum
  • Adiantum coreanum
  • Adiantum crespianum
  • Adiantum cultratum
  • Adiantum cuneatiforme
  • Adiantum cuneatum
  • Adiantum cunninghamii
  • Adiantum cupreum
  • Adiantum curvatum
  • Adiantum davidii
  • Adiantum diaphanum
  • Adiantum dioganum
  • Adiantum diphyllum
  • Adiantum discretodenticulatum
  • Adiantum dissimulatum
  • Adiantum edgeworthii
  • Adiantum elegantulum
  • Adiantum erylliae
  • Adiantum erythrochlamys
  • Adiantum excisum
  • Adiantum fengianum
  • Adiantum fimbriatum
  • Adiantum flabellulatum
  • Adiantum formosum
  • Adiantum fossarum
  • Adiantum fragile
  • Adiantum fragrans
  • Adiantum fructosum
  • Adiantum fulvum
  • Adiantum gertrudis
  • Adiantum gibbosum
  • Adiantum gingkoides
  • Adiantum glabrum
  • Adiantum glaureosum
  • Adiantum glaucescens
  • Adiantum glaucinum
  • Adiantum glaziovii
  • Adiantum gomphophyllum
  • Adiantum gracile
  • Adiantum gravesii
  • Adiantum grossum
  • Adiantum hispidulum
  • Adiantum hollandiae
  • Adiantum hornei
  • Adiantum hosei
  • Adiantum imbricatum
  • Adiantum incertum
  • Adiantum incisum
  • Adiantum intermedium
  • Adiantum jordanii
  • Adiantum juxtapositum
  • Adiantum kendalii
  • Adiantum kingii
  • Adiantum klossii
  • Adiantum lamrianum
  • Adiantum latifolium
  • Adiantum lenvingei
  • Adiantum lianxianense
  • Adiantum lindenii
  • Adiantum lonrentzii
  • Adiantum lucidum
  • Adiantum lunulatum
  • Adiantum macrocladum
  • Adiantum macrophyllum
  • Adiantum madagascariense
  • Adiantum malaliense
  • Adiantum malesianum
  • Adiantum mariesii
  • Adiantum mcvaughii
  • Adiantum melanoleucum
  • Adiantum mendoncae
  • Adiantum menglianense
  • Adiantum mettenii
  • Adiantum mindanaense
  • Adiantum monochlamys
  • Adiantum monosorum
  • Adiantum multisorum
  • Adiantum myriosorum
  • Adiantum neoguineense
  • Adiantum novae-caledoniae
  • Adiantum nudum
  • Adiantum oaxacanum
  • Adiantum obliquum
  • Adiantum ogasawarense
  • Adiantum opacum
  • Adiantum ornithopodum
  • Adiantum ovalescens
  • Adiantum palaoense
  • Adiantum papillosum
  • Adiantum paraense
  • Adiantum patens
  • Adiantum pearcei
  • Adiantum pedatum
  • Adiantum pentadactylon
  • Adiantum peruvianum
  • Adiantum petiolatum
  • Adiantum philippense
  • Adiantum phyllitidis
  • Adiantum platyphyllum
  • Adiantum poiretti
  • Adiantum polyphyllum
  • Adiantum pseudotinctum
  • Adiantum pulchellum
  • Adiantum pulcherrimum
  • Adiantum pulverulentum
  • Adiantum pumilum
  • Adiantum pyramidale
  • Adiantum raddianum
  • Adiantum rectangulare
  • Adiantum reniforme
  • Adiantum rhizophorum
  • Adiantum robinsonii
  • Adiantum roborowskii
  • Adiantum swifts
  • Adiantum rubellum
  • Adiantum rufopetalum
  • Adiantum scabrum
  • Adiantum schmalzii
  • Adiantum schmidtchenii
  • Adiantum schweinfurthii
  • Adiantum seemannii
  • Adiantum semiorbiculatum
  • Adiantum senae
  • Adiantum serratifolium
  • Adiantum siamense
  • Adiantum sinicum
  • Adiantum silvaticum
  • Adiantum soboliferum
  • Adiantum sordidum
  • Adiantum stenochlamys
  • Adiantum stolzii
  • Adiantum subcordatum
  • Adiantum tenerum
  • Adiantum tenuissimum
  • Adiantum tetragonum
  • Adiantum tetraphyllum
  • Adiantum thalictroides
  • Adiantum trapeziforme
  • Adiantum tricholepis
  • Adiantum trilobum
  • Adiantum tripteris
  • Adiantum venustum
  • Adiantum villosissimum
  • Adiantum villosum
  • Adiantum viridescens
  • Adiantum viridimontanum
  • Adiantum vivesii
  • Adiantum wattii
  • Adiantum wilsonii
  • Adiantum zollingeri

Em Portugal presents as Seguintes espécies and subespécies: [2]

  • Adiantum capillus-veneris
  • Adiantum hispidulum
  • Adiantum raddianum
  • Adiantum reniforme subsp. pusillum
  • Adiantum reniforme subsp. kidney shape


پرسیاوش

پرسیاوش
Western Five-fingered Fern (Adiantum aleuticum)
آرایه‌شناسی
فرمانرو: گیاهان
شاخه: سرخس‌تباران
رده: سرخس باریک‌هاگدان
راسته: بسپایک‌سانان
تیره: پرسرخسیان
زیرخانواده: Vittarioideae
سرده: پرسیاوش
کارل لینه
نوع گونه
پرسیاوشان

پرسیاوشان یا پرسیاوش (نام علمی: Adiantum ) هاگینه‌ها تقریباً در حاشیهٔ پهنک ظاهر می‌شوند و در لبهٔ برگشتهٔ آن محصور هستند و ظاهری شبیه به هاگینه‌پوش دارند.

خلاشهٔ این گیاه باریک و سیاه‌فام و برگ آن سبزرنگ می‌باشد و بیشتر در گوشه و کنار حوض‌ها می‌روید. [۱]


Adia Uredi

Adia (Anthomyiidae) Uredi

Animalia> Arthropoda> Insecta> Diptera> Anthomyiidae

Adia (Muscidae) Uredi

Animalia> Arthropoda> Insecta> Diptera> Muscidae

Uredi adiaerotoma

Animalia> Arthropoda> Insecta> Hemiptera> Membracoidea> Cicadellidae>

Adiaeretus Uredi

Adialytus Uredi

Animalia> Arthropoda> Insecta> Hymenoptera> Ichneumonoidea> Braconidae

Adiantaceae (osladnjače) Uredi

Adiantopsis Uredi

Adiantum Uredi

  • Adiantum × moranii J. Prado
  • Adiantum × spurium Jermy & T.G. Walker
  • Adiantum × multicolinnatum Jermy & T.G. Walker
  • Adiantum × villosolucidum Jermy & T.G. Walker
  • Adiantum abscissum Schrad.
  • Adiantum acrolobum A. Rojas
  • Adiantum aculeolatum Alderw.
  • Adiantum acuminatum Desv.
  • Adiantum adiantoides (J. Sm.) C. Chr.
  • Adiantum aemulum T. Moore
  • Adiantum aethiopicum L. - Common Maiden-hair
  • Adiantum africanum R. Br.
  • Adiantum alarconianum Gaudich.
  • Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) C.A. Paris - Aleutian Maidenhair
  • Adiantum alomae Caluff
  • Adiantum altissimum Bojer
  • Adiantum amblyopteridium Mickel & Beitel
  • Adiantum americanum Nieuwl.
  • Adiantum amplum C. Presl
  • Adiantum anceps Maxon & C.V. Morton - Double Edge Maidenhair
  • Adiantum andicola Liebm.
  • Adiantum aneitense Carrière
  • Adiantum angustatum Kaulf.
  • Adiantum annamense Ching
  • Adiantum apiculatum Schrad.
  • Adiantum arborescens Poir.
  • Adiantum argutum Splitg.
  • Adiantum asperum (Poir.) Desv.
  • Adiantum assamicum B.K.Nayar in B.K.Nayar & S.Kaur
  • Adiantum assimile Sw.
  • Adiantum atroviride Bostock
  • Adiantum aubertii Desv.
  • Adiantum auriculatum Thunb.
  • Adiantum australe Riddell
  • Adiantum baenitzii Rosenst.
  • Adiantum balfourii Bak.in Hk.
  • Adiantum bausei T. Moore
  • Adiantum bellum T. Moore
  • Adiantum bennettii Carr in Seem.
  • Adiantum bessoniae Jenman
  • Adiantum betulinum Kaulf.
  • Adiantum birkenheadii T. Moore
  • Adiantum blumenavense Rosenst.
  • Adiantum bonatianum Brause
  • Adiantum bonatianum var. subaristatum Ching
  • Adiantum bonii H. Christ
  • Adiantum bonplandii Desv.
  • Adiantum borneense Ghent.
  • Adiantum braunii Mett. formerly Kuhn
  • Adiantum breviserratum (Ching) Ching & Y.X. Lin
  • Adiantum cajennense Willd. formerly Klotzsch
  • Adiantum calcareum Gardner
  • Adiantum capillaceum Dulac
  • Adiantum capillaris-veneris L.
  • Adiantum capillatum A.R. Sm. & J. Prado
  • Adiantum capillus-junonis Rupr.
  • Adiantum capillus-venerisL.Vernakularni nazivi: Maidenhair Fern slika
  • Adiantum caribense A. Rojas
  • Adiantum caryotideum Christ
  • Adiantum cassioides Desv.
  • Adiantum caudatum L. - Tailed Maidenhair
  • Adiantum cayennense Willd. formerly Klotzsch
  • Adiantum celebicum Christ
  • Adiantum charlottae ht.
  • Adiantum chevalieri Christ
  • Adiantum chienii Ching
  • Adiantum chilense Kaulf.
  • Adiantum christii Rosenst.
  • Adiantum ciliatum Blume
  • Adiantum cinnamomeum Lellinger & J.Prado
  • Adiantum claesianum L.
  • Adiantum claesii L. Linden & Rodigas
  • Adiantum claussenii Fée
  • Adiantum collisii H.J. Veitch
  • Adiantum comorense (Tardieu) Verdc.
  • Adiantum conandrifolium Lam.
  • Adiantum concinnum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. - Polished Maidenhair
  • Adiantum border Fée
  • Adiantum conglomeratum ht. Gard.
  • Adiantum cordatum Maxon
  • Adiantum coreanum Tagawa
  • Adiantum coriandrifolium Lam.
  • Adiantum croweanum ht. Crowe Gard.
  • Adiantum cubense Hook.
  • Adiantum culantrillo Larrañaga
  • Adiantum cultrifolium Noronha & Prod.Phyt. ex Thouars
  • Adiantum cuneatiforme C. Chr.
  • Adiantum cuneifolium Stokes
  • Adiantum cuneipinnulum N.C. Nair & S.R. Ghosh
  • Adiantum cunninghamii Hook.
  • Adiantum cupreum Copel.
  • Adiantum curvatum Kaulf.
  • Adiantum cyclosorum T. Moore
  • Adiantum daddsii T. Moore
  • Adiantum davidii Franch.
  • Adiantum davidii var. davidii
  • Adiantum dawsonii Lellinger & J. Prado
  • Adiantum decipiens Desv.
  • Adiantum decoratum Maxon & Weath.
  • Adiantum deflectens Mart.
  • Adiantum deltoideum Sw.
  • Adiantum diaphanum Blume
  • Adiantum dichotomum Poir.
  • Adiantum digitatum C. Presl
  • Adiantum digitatum Hook.
  • Adiantum dilatatum Schrad.
  • Adiantum diogoanum Glaz. ex Baker
  • Adiantum diphyllum Maxon
  • Adiantum discolor J. Prado
  • Adiantum discreto-denticulatum V. Marcano
  • Adiantum dissimulatum Jenman
  • Adiantum doctersii Alderw.
  • Dual Adiantum Jenman
  • Adiantum edentulum H. Christ
  • Adiantum edgeworthii Hook.
  • Adiantum edgeworthii Hook.
  • Adiantum elegans T. Moore
  • Adiantum elegantissimum ht. Gard.
  • Adiantum elegantulum Maxon
  • Adiantum eminens C. Presl
  • Adiantum erectum Kunze
  • Adiantum erylliae Tardieu & C. Chr.
  • Adiantum erythrochlamys Diels
  • Adiantum excisum Kunze
  • Adiantum falcatum Sw.
  • Adiantum falcinellum Desv.
  • Adiantum farleyense Moore
  • Adiantum fasciculatum ht. May Gard.
  • Adiantum faulkneri ht. Rochford Gard.
  • Adiantum feei T. Moore ex Fée
  • Adiantum fengianum Ching
  • Adiantum fergusonii T. Moore
  • Adiantum festum T. Moore
  • Adiantum fiebrigii Hieron.
  • Adiantum filicaule Kunze
  • Adiantum fimbriatum H. Christ
  • Adiantum fimbriatum var. fimbriatum
  • Adiantum fimbriatum var. shensiense (Ching) Ching & Y.X. Lin
  • Adiantum flabellifolium Lodd.
  • Adiantum flabellulatum L.
  • Adiantum flabellum C. Chr.
  • Adiantum flagelliferum Wall.
  • Adiantum flemmingii ht.van Houtte
  • Adiantum fontanum Salisb.
  • Adiantum formosanum Tagawa
  • Adiantum formosissimum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum formosum R. Br. - Giant Maidenhair
  • Adiantum fossarum Rojas Acosta
  • Adiantum fournieri Copel.
  • Adiantum fragile M. Martens & Galeotti
  • Adiantum fragile Sw. - Fragile Maidenhair
  • Adiantum fragiliforme C. Chr.
  • Adiantum fragrantissimum Henders. Moore
  • Adiantum fructuosum Poepp. formerly Spreng.
  • Adiantum fuliginosum Fée
  • Adiantum fulvum Raoul
  • Adiantum fumarioides Willd.
  • Adiantum galleottianum Hook.
  • Adiantum gertrudis Esp. Bustos
  • Adiantum ghiesbreghtii ht.
  • Adiantum gibbosum Roemer Kuhn
  • Adiantum giganteum J. Prado
  • Adiantum gingkoides C. Chr.
  • Adiantum glabrum Copel.
  • Adiantum glaucescens Klotzsch
  • Adiantum glaucinum Kze. Ettingsh.
  • Adiantum glaziovii Baker
  • Adiantum gomphophyllum Baker
  • Adiantum gracile Fée
  • Adiantum gracillimum T. Moore
  • Adiantum grande Fée
  • Adiantum gravesii Hance
  • Adiantum groenewegenianum Regel
  • Adiantum gronewegii Regel
  • Adiantum grossum Mett.
  • Adiantum haenkeanum C. Presl
  • Adiantum hallieri Rosenst.
  • Adiantum hemsleyanum ht. May Gard.
  • Adiantum hendersonii Linden
  • Adiantum henslovianum Hook. f.
  • Adiantum hewardia Kunze
  • Adiantum hians T. Moore
  • Adiantum hirsutum Bory
  • Adiantum hispidulum Sw. - Rough Maidenhair
  • Adiantum hollandiae Alderw.
  • Adiantum hornei Baker
  • Adiantum hosei Baker
  • Adiantum humile Kunze
  • Adiantum imbricatum R.M. Tryon
  • Adiantum incertum Lindm.
  • Adiantum incisum Forssk.
  • Adiantum indicum J. Ghatak
  • Adiantum induratum H. Christ
  • Adiantum integrifolium Poir.
  • Adiantum intermedium Sw.
  • Adiantum irvinianum Linden
  • Adiantum isthmicum B. Zimmer
  • Adiantum jacobinae Fée
  • Adiantum jordanii C. Muell. - California Maidenhair
  • Adiantum juxtapositum Ching
  • Adiantum kendalii Jenman
  • Adiantum kingii Copel.
  • Adiantum klossii Gepp
  • Adiantum klotschianum C. Presl
  • Adiantum klotzschianum Hook.
  • Adiantum kohautianum C. Presl
  • Adiantum krameri B. Zimmer
  • Adiantum kunzeanum C. Presl
  • Adiantum kunzeanum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum kunzei Miq.
  • Adiantum lambertianum ht. Wien.
  • Adiantum lamrianum Bidin & R. Jaman
  • Adiantum lathomi ht. Wills Moore
  • Adiantum latifolium Lam. - Broadleaf Maidenhair
  • Adiantum laxum Kunze
  • Adiantum legrandii ht. Veitch Gard.
  • Adiantum lendigerum Poir.
  • Adiantum leprieurii Hook.
  • Adiantum levingei Baker
  • Adiantum lianxianense Ching & Y.X. Ling in Y.X. Ling †
  • Adiantum lindenii T. Moore
  • Adiantum lindsaea Cav.
  • Adiantum lindsaya Cav.
  • Linear Adiantum Poir.
  • Adiantum lineatum Bosschere
  • Adiantum lineatum L. Linden
  • Adiantum lingii Ching
  • Adiantum lobbianum Hook.
  • Adiantum lobulatum Kunze ex Ettingsh.
  • Adiantum lomesam B.K.Nayar & Geev.
  • Adiantum lorentzii Hieron.
  • Adiantum lucidum (Cav.) Sw.
  • Adiantum luddemannianum ht Veitch
  • Adiantum luddemannianum Moore
  • Adiantum macrocladum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum macrodatum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum macrodus Kaulf.
  • Adiantum macrodus Kunze
  • Adiantum macrophyllum Sw. - Largeleaf Maidenhair
  • Adiantum macropterum Miq. Kuhn
  • Adiantum macropus Schrad.
  • Adiantum madagascariense H. Rosend.
  • Adiantum madagascariense var. prolongatum (Bonap.) Tardieu
  • Adiantum maderense Lowe
  • Adiantum malaliense Jenman
  • Adiantum malesianum J. Ghatak
  • Adiantum mariesii Baker
  • Adiantum martinii Pirotta
  • Adiantum mathewsianum Hook.
  • Adiantum mcvaughii Mickel & Beitel
  • Adiantum meishanianum F.S. Hsu ex Y. C. Liu & W.L. Chiou
  • Adiantum melanoleucum Willd. - Fragrant Maidenhair
  • Adiantum mendoncae Alston
  • Adiantum menglianense Y.Y. Qian
  • Adiantum mettenii Kuhn
  • Adiantum meyerianum Zoll.
  • Adiantum microcarpum C.Presl
  • Adiantum micropteris Poir.
  • Adiantum mindanaoense Copel.
  • Adiantum mochaenum G. Kunkel
  • Adiantum monochlamys Eaton
  • Adiantum monosoratum Willd.
  • Adiantum monosorum Baker
  • Adiantum moritzianum Link
  • Adiantum muelleri F.Muell.
  • Adiantum multiforme A. Braun ex E. Fourn.
  • Adiantum multisorum A. Samp.
  • Adiantum mundulum T.Moore
  • Adiantum mynsseniae J.Prado
  • Adiantum myriophyllum C.Presl
  • Adiantum myriosorum Baker
  • Adiantum myriosorum var. myriosorum
  • Adiantum nagnam B.K.Nayar & Geev.
  • Adiantum nebulosum ht.Pynaert Gard.
  • Adiantum neoguineense T.Moore
  • Adiantum nervosum Kuhn
  • Adiantum nervosum Sw.
  • Adiantum nigrescens Fée
  • Adiantum nobile Fisch. ht.
  • Adiantum novae-caledoniae Keyserl.
  • Adiantum nudum A.R. Sm.
  • Adiantum oatesii Baker
  • Adiantum oaxacanum Mickel & Beitel
  • Adiantum oblique-truncatum Fée
  • Adiantum obliquum Willd. - Oblique Maidenhair
  • Adiantum odoratum Poir.
  • Adiantum odoratum Wallis
  • Adiantum odorum DC.
  • Adiantum ogasawarense Tagawa
  • Adiantum olivaceum Baker
  • Adiantum opacum Copel.
  • Adiantum orbignyanum Kuhn
  • Adiantum ornatum Ching
  • Adiantum ornithopodum C. Presl
  • Adiantum ovalescens Fée
  • Adiantum ovatifolium Noronha ex Thouars
  • Adiantum owenii T.Moore
  • Adiantum oyapokense Jenman
  • Adiantum pachysorum Reichenb. ex Kunze
  • Adiantum pacotti ht. Gard.
  • Adiantum pactinatum Ettingsh.
  • Adiantum palaoense C.Chr.
  • Adiantum palauense Hosok.
  • Adiantum papillosum Handro
  • Adiantum papyraceum Desv.
  • Adiantum paradiseae Baker
  • Adiantum paraense Hieron.
  • Adiantum parallelogrammum Vell.
  • Adiantum parishii Hook.
  • Adiantum parvifolium Fée
  • Adiantum parvilobum Sw.
  • Adiantum patens Willd.
  • Adiantum pauperculum Kunze
  • Adiantum pearcei Phil.
  • Adiantum pectinatum Kunze ex Baker
  • Adiantum pedatum L. - Northern Maidenhair
  • Adiantum pensile Kze. Fee
  • Adiantum persimile Pr. Ettingsh.
  • Adiantum peruvianum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum peruvianum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum petiolatum Desv. - Stalked Maidenhair
  • Adiantum petiolatum group
  • Adiantum phanerophlebium (Baker) C. Chr.
  • Adiantum phanomensis S. Lindsay & D.J. Middleton
  • Adiantum philippense L.
  • Adiantum philippianum Espin.
  • Adiantum philippianum Espinosa
  • Adiantum phyllitidis J. Sm.
  • Adiantum plicatum Kaulf.
  • Adiantum poeppigianum (Kuhn) Hieron.
  • Adiantum poiretii Wikstr.
  • Adiantum politum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
  • Adiantum politum J.Sm.
  • Adiantum polymorphum Poir.
  • Adiantum polyphyllum Willd.
  • Adiantum proliferum Roxb.
  • Adiantum proximum Gaudich.
  • Adiantum pseudocapillus Fée
  • Adiantum pseudotinctum Hieron.
  • Adiantum pulchellum Blume
  • Adiantum pulcherrimum Copel.
  • Adiantum pulcherrimum J.Prado
  • Adiantum pullum Col.
  • Adiantum pulverulentum L. - Glossy Maidenhair
  • Adiantum pumilum Sw.
  • Adiantum pyramidale (L.) Willd. - Pyramid Maidenhair
  • Adiantum quadriternatum Desv.
  • Adiantum raddianum C. Presl - Maidenhair Fern
  • Adiantum radicans L.
  • Adiantum ramyam B.K.Nayar & Geev.
  • Adiantum rectangulare Lindm.
  • Adiantum recurvatum (D. Don) Fraser-Jenk.
  • Adiantum regulare Kuntze
  • Adiantum reniforme L.
  • Adiantum repandum Tausch in Sieb.
  • Adiantum rhizophorum Sw.
  • Adiantum rhizophyllum C.Presl
  • Adiantum rhizophytum Schrad.
  • Adiantum rhizophyture Schrad.
  • Adiantum rhodophyllum T.Moore
  • Adiantum rhomboideum Kunth
  • Adiantum rhomboideum Schkuhr
  • Adiantum rigidulum Mett. ex Kuhn
  • Adiantum rigidum C. Presl
  • Adiantum rigidum Link
  • Adiantum ripidium Kunze
  • Adiantum robinsonii Alderw.
  • Adiantum roborowskii Maxim.
  • Adiantum rollandiae hort. Rev.
  • Adiantum rondonii A.Samp.
  • Adiantum rotundatum Desv.
  • Adiantum ruizianum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum sanctae catherinae ht. J.Sm.
  • Adiantum scabripes Copel.
  • Adiantum scalare R.M. Tryon
  • Adiantum scandens Lour.
  • Adiantum scandicinum Willd. Sw.
  • Adiantum schizophyllum Moore
  • Adiantum schmalzii Rosenst.
  • Adiantum schmidtchenii Hieron.
  • Adiantum schweinfurthii Kuhn
  • Adiantum scutum ht.
  • Adiantum seemannii Hook.
  • Adiantum sellowianum C.Presl
  • Adiantum semicirculare Hochst.
  • Adiantum semiorbiculatum Bonap.
  • Adiantum senae Baker
  • Adiantum sericeum Eaton
  • Adiantum serratifolium Alderw.
  • Adiantum serratodentatum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
  • Adiantum serrulatum L.
  • Adiantum shepherdii Hook.
  • Adiantum siamense Tagawa & K.Iwats.
  • Adiantum siebertianum hort.Sander Gard.
  • Adiantum silvaticum Tindale
  • Adiantum sinicum Ching
  • Adiantum sinuosum Gardner
  • Adiantum solomonii J. Prado
  • Adiantum sordicum Lindm.
  • Adiantum sordidum Lindm.
  • Adiantum squamulosum J. Prado & A.R. Sm.
  • Adiantum stellatum Warsz. Salom.
  • Adiantum stenochlamys Baker
  • Adiantum stolzii Brause
  • Adiantum stubelii Hieron.
  • Adiantum suaveolens Poir.
  • Adiantum subcordatum Sw.
  • Adiantum sublobatum Schum.
  • Adiantum suborbiculare Alderw.
  • Adiantum subpedatum Ching
  • Adiantum subramosum Fée
  • Adiantum subvolubile Mett. ex Kuhn
  • Adiantum tenerum Sw. - Fan Maidenhair
  • Adiantum tenerum var. littorale (Jenman) Domin
  • Adiantum tenue Domin
  • Adiantum tenuissimum Taub.
  • Adiantum terminatum Kunze ex Miq.
  • Adiantum ternatum Sessé & Moc.
  • Adiantum tetragonum Baker
  • Adiantum tetraphyllum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. - Fourleaf Maidenhair
  • Adiantum thongthamii Suksathan
  • Adiantum thornei C.V.Morton in Guillaumin & al.
  • Adiantum tibeticum Ching
  • Adiantum tomentellum Fée
  • Adiantum tomentosum Klotzsch
  • Adiantum tracyi C.C. Hall ex W.H. Wagner (pro. hybr.)
  • Adiantum trapesiforme Sessé & Moc.
  • Adiantum trapeziforme L. - Diamond Maidenhair
  • Adiantum tremulum Kunze
  • Adiantum triangulare Poir.
  • Adiantum triangulatum Kaulf.
  • Adiantum trichochlaenum Mickel & Beitel
  • Adiantum tricholepis Fée - Fuzzy Maidenhair
  • Adiantum trichomanoides Poir.
  • Adiantum trifidum Willd. ex Bolle
  • Adiantum trigonum Labill.
  • Adiantum trilobum L.
  • Adiantum tripteris K.U. Kramer
  • Adiantum triquetrum Pr. Ettingsh.
  • Adiantum tryonii J. Prado
  • Adiantum tubersoum Col.
  • Adiantum tuomistoanum J. Prado
  • Adiantum umbrosum Willd.
  • Adiantum urbanianum Brause
  • Adiantum urophyllum Hook.
  • Adiantum varians Poir.
  • Adiantum velutinum T.Moore
  • Adiantum veneris L.
  • Adiantum venustum D. Don
  • Adiantum versaillense ht.
  • Adiantum victoriae T.Moore
  • Adiantum villosum L. - Woolly Maidenhair
  • Adiantum viride Vahl
  • Adiantum viridescens Col. Unresolved L IPNI
  • Adiantum viridimontanum Paris - Green Mountain Maidenhair
  • Adiantum visianii Schloss & Vukot
  • Adiantum vivesii Proctor - Puerto Rico Maidenhair
  • Adiantum vogelii Mett. ex Keys
  • Adiantum wagneri Mett. ex Kuhn
  • Adiantum walsingense Gilbert
  • Adiantum waltonii T.Moore
  • Adiantum wattii Baker
  • Adiantum weigandi T.Moore
  • Adiantum whitei F.M. Bailey
  • Adiantum wilesianum Hook.
  • Adiantum wilsonii Hook. - Wilson's Maidenhair
  • Adiantum windischii J. Prado
  • Adiantum zollingeri Mett. ex Kuhn

Leaves color green, leaf shape triangle deeply lobed, leaves grow in pinnate structure in triangle with black stems.

Adiantum tenerum for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy

How to grow Adiantum tenerum growing and care:

Rich soil, drainage, moist soil, humidity

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Vegetative reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Yes

Difficulties or problems when growing:
?

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Snails, slugs

Pruning season:
Winter

How to prune:
Dead leaves

Size of the plant:
30-70 cm, 12-28 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade / Full Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
Yes

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes

Scientific name:

Categories of growing

Climates that the plant can grow: Tropics Climate

Growing speed of the plant: Average growing plants

Requirements for watering the plant: Big amount of water, Regularly water


Suplir memiliki penampilan ental yang khas, yang membuatnya mudah dibedakan dari jenis paku-pakuan lain.

Semua jenisnya tumbuh sebagai terna, dengan rimpang (rizoma) yang menjalar lambat di media tumbuh. Rimpang tumbuh di sela-sela batuan yang berhumus. Tumbuhan ini jarang dijumpai tumbuh di tanah datar, karena biasanya menyukai tumbuh di sela-sela tebing, tembok, atau batang pohon.

Akarnya serabut dan tumbuh dari rimpang. Akar ini mencari hara dari humus, dan terkadang cukup dalam menembus tebing atau tembok.

Sebagaimana paku-pakuan lain, ental tumbuh dari rimpang dalam bentuk gulungan ke dalam (bahasa Jawa: mlungker) seperti tangkai biola (disebut circinate vernation) dan perlahan-lahan membuka. Tangkai ental cenderung berwarna hitam, mengeras ketika dewasa, dan mengkilap. Warna hitam dan mengkilap seperti rambut inilah yang mendasari nama chevelure (berarti "rambut" dalam bahasa Prancis).

Helai daunnya (pinnae) khas berbeda dari banyak paku-pakuan karena tidak berbentuk memanjang simetris, tetapi cenderung tidak simetris dengan variasi membulat, segitiga (deltoid), atau segiempat. Daunnya ini tidak dapat dibasahi air karena di permukaannya tertutupi rambut-rambut halus. Dari sinilah nama ilmiah Adiantum dibentuk, karena berarti "tidak terbasahi" dalam bahasa Yunani.

Spora berada di dalam sporangium. Kumpulan sporangia (sorus) berada di sisi bawah pada bagian tepi daun fertil, agak terlindung oleh lipatan tepi helai daun. Tangkai entalnya khas karena berwarna hitam dan mengkilap, kadang-kadang bersisik halus ketika dewasa.

Tanaman ini memperbanyak diri secara generatif dengan spora yang terletak pada bagian tepi sisi bawah daun yang sudah dewasa. Selain itu, perbanyakan vegetatif mungkin dilakukan ketika rimpangnya sudah cukup besar sehingga bisa dipecah menjadi dua atau tiga bagian (stek rimpang).

Ada sebanyak lebih dari 200 jenis Adiantum yang menyebar di seluruh dunia (220 - 230 jenis). Pusat keragaman ada di Amerika Selatan, khususnya di kawasan Pegunungan Andes (tercatat 229 spesies dan 5 hibrida alami) [3] . Anggota marga ini menyukai daerah-daerah lembap di tebing atau rekahan batu atau tembok yang lembap, dekat aliran air dan teduh. Kebanyakan ditemukan di kawasan basah di perbukitan [3] .

Di Asia Tenggara sendiri diperkirakan ada 10–20 jenis Adiantum [4] . Di kawasan Papuasia ditemukan 12 jenis Adiantum [4] .

Melalui perdagangan dan pemuliaan tanaman hias, jenis-jenis asal Amerika dibawa ke kawasan lain dan kawin silang, seleksi, serta mutasi menyebabkan munculnya berbagai kultivar baru dengan ciri-ciri yang baru.

Dalam klasifikasi yang klasik, berdasarkan sebaran geografis, anggota-anggota Adiantum dimasukkan dalam suku Adiantaceae.

Serangkaian penelitian mengenai Pteridaceae menggunakan sekuens DNA dari plastid menunjukkan indikasi bahwa Adiantum spp. tidak sepenuhnya terpisah dari jenis-jenis vittarioid anggota Pteridaceae. [5] Ini mendukung pilihan yang diambil Christenhusz et al. (2006) yang memasukkan Adiantum dalam anaksuku Vittarioideae, suku Pteridaceae. [1] Namun, hasil ini tidak didukung oleh penelitian lanjutan yang lebih spesifik, yang menunjukkan kalau Adiantum adalah marga yang monofiletik. [6]

Suplir tidak memiliki nilai ekonomi penting selain sebagai tanaman hias yang bisa ditanam di dalam ataupun di luar ruang. Tumbuhan ini tidak tahan penyinaran matahari langsung. Suplir menyukai media tumbuh yang gembur, kaya bahan organik (humus), dan selalu lembap, namun tidak toleran terhadap genangan. Pemupukan dengan kadar nitrogen lebih tinggi disukainya. Pembentukan spora memerlukan tambahan fosfor dan kalium.

Pemeliharaan suplir sebagai tanaman hias harus memperhatikan penyiraman. Kekeringan yang dialami suplir menyebabkan daun mengering dan menggulung. Hal ini tidak bisa diatasi dengan penyiraman karena daun yang kering tidak bisa pulih. Penanganannya adalah dengan membuang seluruh ental yang kering hingga dekat rimpang dan mengganti media tumbuh. Dalam waktu beberapa hari tunas baru akan muncul apabila perawatan dilakukan dengan benar.


Video: The dark art of propagating ferns from spores. Wow to. Gardening Australia