Classification of peonies by flower shape
It is probably worth starting a conversation about peonies with morphology. Let's talk about the classification of peonies by flower shape.
- The first is a simple form. The flower has 1-2 rows of ordinary petals (petalodia). In the center of the flower are real stamens and pistils. Petalodies are real wide petals.
- The second is a semi-double form. This shape already has several rows of petals. There are also real stamens and pistils. This form is distinguished by a large number of rows of petalodies - up to 5-6 rows.
- The third is the terry form of peonies. It includes spherical or bomb-shaped peonies. The peony flower consists only of petals, it has practically no stamens, there are only pistils. All the stamens at one time turned into petals.
- The fourth is the anemone flower shape. Her central petals have a different color and a slightly altered appearance - the petals are thinner and collected in a small ball, and in the center there are stamens, but they are modified, called staminodes.
- The fifth is the Japanese form of the peony. Central staminodes are narrower and more elongated, often differ in color and have a border of a different shade. They have no stamens.
There are also intermediate forms of peonies.
Garter of peonies
Many types of peonies, if you do not have time to tie them up in time, can fall apart and fall, so they must be tied up, since both rain and wind can bring down peonies. This is more true for double forms, their flowers are heavier. Simple forms can grow without tying.
The duration of flowering does not directly depend on the shape of the flower, more on the variety. Peony flowers can bloom for 7-10 days, and maybe up to two weeks. Other varieties can bloom for up to 20 days. Simple and semi-double peonies usually bloom for about one week. Picking up peonies of different varieties on the site, you can achieve continuous flowering of peonies on the site for up to two months. To get such a long flowering, you will have to plant up to two dozen different bushes on the site.
The International Register of Peony Varieties contains several thousand items. And for a small garden, you can choose only three varieties - early, medium and late, thus creating a continuous flowering of peonies for a couple of months. Some varieties of peonies bloom earlier than lilacs, and the latest ones will last until the first ten days of July. The choice of a peony variety depends on the soil and illumination of the site, on the location of the peonies in the flower garden, mixboard, border, group planting. And, of course, your taste and preferences remain the main criterion.
Purchase of planting material for peonies in the spring
It is well known that the best time for dividing and planting-transplanting peonies is the end of August - the beginning of September. Nevertheless, garden centers will start offering planting material (peony cuttings) in March. The price is tempting. I would like to buy, because then you can not find such varieties.
Peonies can be stored until autumn, when they can be planted in the ground. They need to be put in wet moss, and if there is no moss, just in peat, which needs to be made slightly damp, place a little delle in it and put in the refrigerator until April. It is better to wrap the peat in paper, and the paper in a bag, and only then put it all in the refrigerator. Store in the lower fruit and vegetable compartment. It is sometimes necessary to check how the peony cuttings feel, as rot may develop. If you find rot, it must be removed immediately, and the places must be treated with at least brilliant green or potassium permanganate, and continue storage until April. As soon as the snow melts and you can already dig a hole, we plant the cut in the cold ground, and it will grow, since the roots develop at a temperature of 5-10 degrees above zero - this is the optimal temperature for rooting the cut of peonies in spring and autumn.
If there is no permanent place, you can plant the peonies temporarily until the fall, and in the fall, carefully transfer them to a permanent place with a lump of earth. But in principle, you can immediately put it in a permanent place already in April. If the peony cut is not infected initially, if it is healthy, then the likelihood that it will take root is very high.
A high-quality cut will take root well if it is properly planted and followed by care for two to three years. It is important not to deepen the buds of renewal, otherwise you will not wait for lush flowering from the peonies. On loamy soils, peony buds should be located at a depth of 3-5 cm, and on light sandy loam soils - at a depth of 5-7 cm. When planting peonies, adjust the depth by adding soil after abundant watering. In hot weather, it is better to mulch the planting site of the peony delenka to protect it from drying out. Before the onset of winter cold weather, experts recommend covering the peonies with peat or loose garden soil, sprinkling it from above by 10-15 cm.
Reasons for non-flowering peonies
The most common reasons why peonies do not bloom:
1. Wrong choice of place for planting peonies. Peonies should not be planted under trees, especially when the branches hang low. Of course, it looks beautiful under conifers: spruces and pines, you need to plant them away from them. The place should be sunny. There should be no flooding with thawed spring waters.
2. Incorrectly planted peonies. The buds were too deep during planting - 10 centimeters or even more. The buds should be 3-5 centimeters below ground level. Those. you bought a piece of peony, there are 2-3 fleshy thick roots, a root collar and 2-3-4 buds of renewal. These buds can be deepened by about 2-3 centimeters. And so that they do not go down, when you water the hole, you must first fill the hole with nutrients, fertilizers, dolomite flour, put more, because peonies love the alkaline reaction of the soil, and trample and water it so that the peonies do not go into the depths. And then they will grow normally. You need to plant peonies in clean garden soil so that they do not touch the fertilizer.
If, after planting, the buds turned out to be slightly higher than they should have been, you need to add earth from above, since the buds cannot be above ground level - they can freeze out. Even if the buds are bare after the winter, when the snow has melted, you can simply sprinkle them with earth.
How many years peonies can grow in one place
In the literature they write that in one place peonies (including tree peonies) can grow up to 40 years. Some species can grow up to 50 years old. There are species that need to be divided every 7-8 years. The best quality cuttings are 4-year-old plants.
What is a quality peony cut?
This is part of the rhizome, which can be one or two parts, and at least 3-5 buds. Delenki of peonies with one bud are often sold in pots. It's not scary. In the first year, only one bud can sprout, the rest of the buds will sleep while it is normal. Maybe two buds will sprout. In the first year, the sprout may be 30 cm, and maybe even 10-12 cm. This is not scary. This is a feature of the first year of development. If a bud appears, it must be cut off. On hybrids, the bud can be left in the second year of development. And with lactic-flowered peonies, we wait up to three years, and only after three years, when the roots grow and develop well, then there will be big good flowers on the good roots.
And if you divide a large peony bush in half, then this is not very good. The fact is that the physiology of the bush is such that with such a transplant, the bush gives many thin shoots, but the peony stops blooming.
20 plants with pink flowers - annuals and perennials for every taste
Adding an article to a new collection
The trend is now a monochromatic garden. Therefore, when choosing plants, you can stop at several specimens of the same color (for example, different shades of raspberry and pink). The romantic pink color of the plants will make the flower garden exquisite and delicate.
There are quite a lot of pink garden flowers, so it is not possible to list them all. We have collected the most beautiful and popular plants that look great in a flower bed and do not require careful maintenance.
There are a lot of species. In general, they can be divided into the following groups:
- Not terry - petals are arranged in 1 or 2 rows. The flower is large with many prominent stamens.
- Semi-double - this group of varieties has large flowers with 7 rows of petals, and the stamens are distributed throughout the flower.
- Japanese - stamens are collected in the center of the flower, form a kind of ball. The petals can be in one row or in several.
- Anemoid (mixed type) - the lower petals are wide, arranged in 1-2 rows, and the upper ones are shorter and have a rounded shape. The species was obtained by crossing Japanese and terry peony.
- Terry spherical - many petals form a hemisphere, and when fully opened, a ball.
- Spherical, resembling a crown - the petals form 3 tiers from the bottom of the flower, and on top a ring of semicircular petals is obtained. Usually, the bottom and top are different in shade.
- Reminiscent of a rose - the petals are round, large.
All the variety of varieties can be attributed to any of these groups.
It is a hybrid cultivar of lacto-flowered peony. Flowers are about 16 cm in size, double, pink-shaped, have a bright red color. The petals do not fade in the sun, the aroma is poorly expressed. The bush is within 90 cm in height, the variety is medium-early, frost-resistant. Support is required because the stems are quite brittle.
Peony Red Grace (Red Grace)
Flower with tightly set petals, glossy cherry color. The petals are slightly twisted, form an even ball. Red Grace blooms early, tolerates winter well.
Peony Primavera (Primavera)
It is a French variety for over 100 years. The flowers are large double, up to 18 cm in diameter. The color is unusual - yellow middle d edging the petals of a pink-cream color. At the end of flowering, the peony becomes almost white. Blooms closer to mid-summer, hardy.
Refers to terry hemispherical. The flower reaches a size of 19 cm, it is a rich dark red shade with glossy petals. The stamens are scattered inside the flower. The stems are strong, the leaves are large enough. The height of the bush is about 75 cm. Average flowering time.
Note! A distinctive feature is the lack of aroma.
Peony Buckeye Bell
The bush reaches 80 cm in height. The flowers are semi-double, brown-red in color, about 18 cm in diameter. The stamens are yellow, placed in the center. The peony of this variety blooms early, it is not picky about care.
A hybrid of American breeder Bill Seidl. It is considered one of his best works. The main thing in the description of the Pastelegance peony are flowers with a diameter of 22 cm, double, soft peach color. Golden stamens are scattered among the petals. This variety has an average flowering period, a 75 cm high bush, powerful stems, do not need support.
Peony Angel Cheeks (Angel Cheeks)
The height of the stems is 70 cm, they have double pink flowers 18 cm in diameter. There are small red blotches on the central petals. Has a faint aroma.
Peony Mister Ed
It is unique in that one bush contains flowers of various colors - pink, white or half. Refers to early flowering, bush - up to 90 cm with strong stems.
Peony Grassy Iceberg
It has many white buds, in the center the petals are already beige. The plant is crown-shaped, with flowers up to 13 cm in size. Shrub 90 cm high, late flowering.
Peony herbaceous flock of butterflies
Differs in vigorous growth. Flowers - deep pink, with intense yellow large stamens. The variety is suitable for cutting.
Peony la Belle
The flowers are deep burgundy and have many petals. The bush is medium in height.
Peony grassy Solange
The bush is spreading, with many leaves, the stems are strong, up to 70 cm in height, they can hardly bear the weight of the flowers, support is required. Refers to late varieties. The flower is double, 18 cm in diameter, white in color.
Peony Sarah Bernhardt
Flowers - dense semi-double, 20 cm in size, pink (pink).
Note! In Sarah Bernhardt peonies, the leaves do not turn yellow, all summer they are distinguished by a rich green color and turn purple only closer to autumn.
Peony varieties of medium flowering
Among the varieties that are characterized by an average flowering period, "Spring" is noted. This versatile variety, resistant to various diseases, is ideal for growing in Russia, with the exception of the cold regions of the country. The maximum height of the bush is 0.8 m. Buds with wide petals are similar to rosebuds. Mixed shades: inside - light pink with yellowness, outside - creamy pink. These peonies have a pleasant jasmine scent.
Mark a variety called "In Memory of Gagarin", which has an unobtrusive aroma. Its rose-shaped buds (18 cm in diameter) are wide, light pinkish petals, the base is yellow.
The variety called "Top Brass" is resistant to negative environmental influences, pests and diseases, the bush of which reaches 0.9 m. The flower of the bush has an original shape with wide lower petals of a cream shade in the lower tier and yellow in the middle.
Peony care after flowering
For two years after planting, the peonies are not allowed to bloom. In the early years, they must develop a root system. Therefore, when the buds on young plantings reach the size of a pea, they are plucked out. In the third year, depending on the strength of the bush, you can leave some of the buds for flowering.
Peony bushes have a large mass of leaves, so they evaporate a lot of moisture. They need to be watered infrequently, but abundantly - two or three buckets per bush. Watering is especially necessary in early summer - during the period of active growth and budding, and in the second half of July - early August - during the formation of renewal buds.
It is imperative to carry out preventive spraying of peonies: against gray rot - twice before flowering, and twice after flowering - against spotting. It is better to spray with copper chloride (40 g / 10 l of water).
For the winter, all the leaves are cut to ground level, but only after the stems of the peonies fall after the first frost. Up to this point, there is an outflow of nutrients from the leaves to the roots.
It must be remembered that no more than 1/3 of the flowering stems can be cut off from the bush, be sure to keep the two lower leaves on the bush.
To make the peony bushes look beautiful after flowering, the faded flower heads are cut to the level of the first upper leaves.
- Caring for plants involves periodic weeding, loosening, mandatory watering during a drought (preferably to the full depth of the roots) and double watering with phosphorus and potassium before and after flowering to strengthen tissues and lay new flower buds.
Several buds of renewal are laid at the base of each stem - this is the key to the powerful development and abundant flowering of the plant in subsequent years. You can cut flowers for a bouquet from no more than one third of the bush, while always keeping one or two lower leaves on the stem.
It is advisable not to allow the petals to fall on the leaves, since at the same time spots of gray rot are formed on the leaves immediately (in wet weather or from dew) - a very dangerous disease of peonies. If the flowers have lost their decorative effect - they have faded, cut off their heads to the first green leaf and remove them from the site so that there is no rot.
A peony of amazing beauty has leaves that change color over the season and are yellow, pink, red, bronze or green, depending on the variety. A very crucial period in the life of peonies is a month and a half after flowering. At this time, the budding and development of the renewal buds of those that will bloom next year or in two years are taking place.It depends on your care for the plant at this time what it will be in the coming years.
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Peony: answering questions
Peony: answering questions
How to plant correctly?
Planting peonies begins with choosing a place. They should not be planted too close to the roots of a tree or in the shade of a building. Before planting, the cut (and it must have at least 3-5 buds and the same number of roots) must be disinfected in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate and then dipped in a clay mash. Since peonies grow in width and depth, it is recommended to make a planting pit 60x70 cm (the roots of a peony can go into the ground up to 1 m). It is advisable to pour nutrient soil at the bottom of the pit - rotted manure, sand, ash, 150-200 g of superphosphate. Mix all this well and pour simple garden soil on top, and then pour everything over with water. This is done in order not to deepen the peony bud when planting, it should be 3-5 cm below ground level. It is necessary to plant a peony in the upper, poured garden layer of earth. When it grows, it will take advantage of the food that you have laid down.
These flowers love sunny places.
Immediately upon planting, you can form a composition. Peonies look good against the background of such shrubs as deytion, mock orange, spirea. Harmoniously combined with delphinium, irises, daylilies, oriental poppy, lupine. And he himself is a wonderful background. On my site, peonies are planted against the background of aruncus, lilacs, there is one in the form of a tapeworm on the lawn, and a group of several pieces.
After planting a peony, check after a while whether the bud has not gone too deep or vice versa upward. If this happens, correct the fit. With the onset of frost, so that the buds do not freeze, they need to be covered with earth to a height of at least 10-15 cm. In the spring, as soon as the soil thaws, uncoil the earth. Peonies should not be covered with cut leaves and sawdust, as this creates favorable conditions for fungal diseases.
How to feed properly?
In order for peonies to grow and bloom well, they need to be fed.
The first feeding, nitrogen-potassium, is done in early spring, it can be done in the snow or after it has melted (10-15 g of nitrogen and 10-20 g of potassium per bush, or you can feed it with a flower mixture "Kemira-flower", "Kemira-universal").
The second - during budding (15-20 g of nitrogen, 15-20 phosphorus, 10-15 g of potassium per bush). The main purpose of this dressing is to get good flowers.
The third - two weeks after flowering (15-20 g of phosphorus and 10-15 potassium). It promotes the formation of new large renewal buds. Nitrogen fertilizers are excluded at this time.
The first and second feeding can be carried out with a mullein and made foliar along the growing shoots with the addition of trace elements (dissolve 40 g of urea and a tablet of trace elements in 10 liters of water). All fertilizers are applied after good watering. In parallel, peonies can be treated against fungal diseases, especially in early spring, (with 0.2% Fundazol spray the soil around the plant and the sprouts themselves, or with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid).
How to water properly?
Watering the flowers is also necessary during the intensive growth of shoots, during the budding period, before and after flowering. It is especially important when the process of formation of replacement buds and the growth of suction roots is underway (July, August, September). It will affect the flowering of peonies next year. You need to water at the root, not on the leaves. But here, too, it is important to observe the measure.
Why aren't they blooming?
There may be several main reasons for the lack of flowering in peonies.
- Unsuitable planting site (shade, close groundwater and no drainage).
- Too shallow or, on the contrary, a deep fit.
- Lack of nutrition.
- Insufficient watering during dry seasons.
- The bush is divided incorrectly (there are many buds, few roots, or vice versa).
- Too old bushes (subject to division and renewal, preferably every seven years).
- Very early pruning of leaves and stems, “barbaric” pruning during flowering.
How to trim correctly?
The growth of replacement buds and the laying of a flower bud begins in the peony after flowering, and in addition there is a process of accumulation of nutrients in the adventitious roots, which become storing ones. Due to them, the aerial part of the peony develops in the spring of next year.
In August-September, the suction roots grow vigorously. The intensity of bud formation of replacement directly depends on the activity of the leaves for the accumulation of nutrients. Therefore, in no case should you prune peonies early. For the same reason, it is undesirable to cut very low stalks with leaves at the very root and cut off a large number of flowers. All this weakens the bush. When cutting the peduncles, you need to leave at least 2-3 lower leaves. At the root, the peduncle is cut off only in late autumn. I do this when the bush itself falls apart from the frost and lies on the ground. I cut it to the level of the soil, leaving no stumps.
Herbaceous peonies are hybrid, thin-leaved and wild. They are divided according to the structure of the flower and are: Japanese, crown, pink, semi-double, anemone, etc.
The flowering period for these plants is also different - from May, when the thin-leaved peony blooms, and ends in mid-July (the latest specimens bloom). By selecting varieties, flowering can be extended up to 2 months.
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