Growing melons - tricks and tips

Growing melons - tricks and tips

Garden plants

Melon - the culture is warm and sun-loving, therefore it grows well not in every locality. However, those who manage to create optimal conditions for their growth and development will be able to grow sweet, juicy and aromatic melons even in a region with short and cool summers.
In this article, we'll share with you a few tricks to help you get a good melon crop.

Melon Growing Guaranteed Success: Five Tricks

Trick one: landing

Melons are grown in open, sunny, wind-protected areas. On the south side, melons ripen better and are less likely to be affected by diseases. The soil of these melon plants needs slightly alkaline or neutral: the melon can withstand drought and salinization of the soil, however, it grows poorly in the soil of an acid reaction. Prepare a plot for melons in the fall: the earth is dug up with humus (compost) and superphosphate. In the spring, in the first half of May, the site is leveled and sowed in one hole 2-3 seeds to a depth of 3-4 cm.The distance between the holes is maintained from the distance between P1 m to 1.2 m.

In the photo: Planting melons

So that the seedlings do not die from return frosts, each hole must be covered with a liter plastic bottle, cutting off the bottom of it. Then the bottles are piled high with sand, and the hole is poured through the neck with water at a temperature of 45-50 ºC. After that, the liter bottle is covered with a five liter plastic container with a cut off bottom. The result is a design that retains heat well. As soon as the seedlings develop the first true leaf, the crops are thinned out, leaving one of the strongest seedlings in each hole. Thinned seedlings are watered and covered with only a five-liter container, which can be completely removed in the second half of June.

In the photo: Planting melon seedlings under butli

The second trick: a lot of sun

Melons, like other pumpkin plants, develop best on light sandy soil, but the most important thing for this culture is the amount of sunlight and light, so there should be no trees or bushes near the melons that block the area from the sun. But when the fruits begin to ripen, they need to be shaded in the afternoon hours so that they do not cook. You can cover the melons with burdocks or newspapers.

Photo: Growing melon in the garden

Trick three: protection from rot

Melon crops are often affected by fungal infections, from which both fruits and shoots rot. To prevent this from happening, you need to put a piece of board or slate under each fruit so that it does not come into contact with the ground. And the root collar of each bush needs to be covered with 2-3 handfuls of sand.

The fourth trick: watering

The roots of melons and gourds usually go deep into the ground, which in hot climatic conditions allows plants to extract moisture from the deep layers of the earth. If you are growing melons in a cool region where the water table is often close to the surface, it is very important to get the roots of the melons to grow horizontally. Therefore, when watering melons, water is poured not at the root, but into the grooves made between the rows. It is necessary to moisten the soil on melon beds only in strong and prolonged heat. The day after watering, the soil on the melon should be loosened and mulched to prevent crust formation.

In the photo: Weed weeding

Trick five: forming a bush

If the summer in your area is short and not very hot, then all the fruits set on the bush are unlikely to have time to ripen. Therefore, it is advisable to leave no more than 6 fruits on each plant, and remove the rest so that the bush does not waste food and strength on them. The main lash must be cut over the 5-6m sheet.

If these simple conditions are met, you can harvest melons in late summer or early September. And it is better to remember the rules for growing melons by watching the following video:

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Pumpkin
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online

Sections: Garden plants


How does a kettle help you grow watermelons and melons without seedlings?

Growing watermelons and melons is fun. Especially when you see that the watermelon is tied up and growing right before our eyes. But first things first.

I grow watermelons and melons without seedlings. And I sow seeds in the garden before carrots, onions and potatoes. Don't believe me? You can try it yourself; you need to do it like this. We arrive at the garden in early May. We boil water and begin to "conjure". After 15-20 minutes, after the water has boiled, it cools down to 70 ° C. Pour this water into plastic lids, pour melon and watermelon seeds into them.

After the water in the lids has cooled down, drip Gumistar into it and leave it for three hours. At this time, we prepare the holes, mixing the earth with sand and vermicompost. We spill the earth with hot water and press two seeds into the hole to a depth of 5-6 cm and immediately cover with a 5-liter bottle from under the water without a bottom. It turns out a mini greenhouse. And we are waiting for the shoots, friends! When the first shoots appear, the bottles will need to be opened.

When there is a stable warmth (15-17 ° C at night) I remove the bottles, preferably in cloudy weather. I mulch watermelons and melons and periodically feed the plants with Gumistar and Shining-1 until flowering.

Now about the main thing - about shaping. Watermelons and melons are shaped in different ways.

Melons (female flowers with fruit) appear on third-order lashes. To get such a branched plant, you need to do the following. When the fifth leaf appears on the plant, you need to pinch the growth point, after a while the side stepsons will appear, we also pinch them over the fifth leaf. And melons will appear on the next side stepsons.

The fact is that watermelons are tied on the central lash. On the lash, you need to leave 2-3 watermelons and pinch the growth point. As soon as you see that the fruit has set, pinch the tip on this shoot. One bush "draws" no more than 2-3 fruits in our zone. The appearance of female flowers (flowers with a fruit) is not always accompanied by the appearance of male flowers (a flower on a stick). Therefore, I plant 5-7 varieties at the same time.

And I pollinate the female flowers on one plant with a male flower from another plant (on a male flower I tear off the petals and apply them to the female flower to the pistil). I only water the plants when I see the leaves start to wither. Mulch the "legs" of the plant with a thick layer and pour the mulch with a bio-solution with Shine-1 1-2 times a week. This will speed up the maturation process in a natural way, because efficient microorganisms will quickly convert the mulch into affordable plant food. Try it, you won't regret it!


How to grow sweet melon outdoors by planting seeds in the ground?

To get a good yield of melons, you need to take into account the influence of previous crops. This plant is best planted after perennial grasses or silage corn, as well as onions, cabbage, cucumber.

Experienced melon growers recommend growing melon in open ground within one plot for no more than two seasons in a row, because longer stays of the crop in one plot affects the yield, the plants begin to hurt, and the quality of the fruits decreases.

The culture in question develops well on light soils (sandy loam or loam), which are enriched in organic matter. Good yields can also be obtained on heavy clay soils, but the quality of the crop can be affected. Melon does not develop well on saline soils.

A sowing site for growing melons in the open field needs to be dug up in the fall.

  • Humus is used as fertilizer, 4-5 kilograms per m².
  • Also, a bucket of sand is added to this unit of area in the presence of loamy soil.
  • In the spring, before planting seeds or seedlings, mineral fertilizers (potassium salt, superphosphate, etc.) are applied to the soil.

Sowing melon seeds

Sowing melon seeds is carried out after the threat of night frosts has passed, but not later than the beginning of June.

  • The seeds are laid in the soil to a depth of 3 centimeters,
  • but to obtain an earlier harvest, pre-grown seedlings are used.
  • Melon seedlings are planted in the 5-leaf phase.
  • When planting melon seedlings, add a tablespoon of wood ash to each hole.
According to the lunar calendar in 2019

Favorable The dates for sowing melons in open ground according to the lunar calendar in 2019 are the following days:

  • in May - 3, 4, 8-10, 17-18, 21-23, 26-28, 31
  • in June - 5, 6, 13-15, 18-20.

However, the summer resident does not always have the opportunity to sow on the specified dates (in the spring, not only melons are planted), therefore it is important to know when it is strictly forbidden to sow (during the new and full moon periods), and these periods must be taken into account in your spring calendar ...

In this way, unfavorable days for planting melons are the following numbers:

  • in May - 5, 19
  • in June - 3, 4, 17.

Outdoor Melon Care
  • During intensive melon growth, crops are systematically loosened, watered and fertilized.
  • Plants respond well to fertilization, especially those with a high nitrogen and phosphorus content.
  • For top dressing, special complex fertilizers are often used, designed specifically for melons.

When growing melons in the open field, in addition to feeding, watering is also important.

  • Correct watering of the melon allows you to get a significant increase in the yield.
  • So the first watering of the culture is carried out in the phase of the first true leaf,
  • then the plants are not watered for 40 days.
  • Next, you need to make 1-2 watering during the period of fruit formation.
  • The normal soil moisture for melons is considered to be 65-70% HB.

Ripe melon emits a pleasant aroma, its stalk is easily separated from the fruit, and a mesh appears on the surface of the fruit, in many varieties - these signs of maturity should be taken into account when harvesting.

Video: How to Grow Sweet Melon


Melon is not a frequent visitor to our sites. And in vain, this delicious vegetable can be grown quite successfully in areas of the middle lane. The main thing is to know which varieties of melons have time to ripen, you also need to know how to plant a melon for seedlings. This video is just about that.

Video: Melons growing. Melon shaping

Video on how to properly form melons for maximum yield

Many people think that the cultivation of melons and gourds is possible only in the southern regions of our country. However, if all the conditions of planting and care are met, the harvest of melons can be obtained in central Russia, and even in Siberia!


Melon planting outdoors: When and how?

1) The first question to which you need to know the answer is when it is better to plant a melon and how to do it. There are two options: the first is to sow the seeds, the second is with the help of seedlings. If you want to start with the latter, remember that preparations begin as early as mid-April. In a month and a half, the seedlings will be ready for transfer to open ground. But take your time with this, if frosts are possible - it is better to postpone planting for a while. Melon is a southern plant that loves warm sun rays. Dry seeds can be planted as early as May. It is recommended to do this on a film or non-woven material, which covers the soil from the beginning of spring. The landing site must be chosen on the sunny side, without drafts.

2) In order for the melon to ripen as quickly as possible, pay special attention to the soil. Its preparation consists in digging, after which fertilizers are applied. It can be manure, humus, river sand, nitrogen substances, etc. The seeds from which you want to get the finished product play a special role. They should not be fresh, the optimal age is three to four years. Otherwise, you are unlikely to be lucky to enjoy the fruits.

Seedlings can be grown from seeds. In this case, they are laid out in two or three pieces in small containers, for example, plastic cups with prepared soil. Be prepared for several sprouts to appear in each container. Of these, you have to choose one of the strongest, and remove the rest. Don't forget about pinching and watering. Let the plant stand in the fresh air a week before transferring the plant to the open field. So the sprouts will be more prepared.

3) Have you completed all the above steps? This is already halfway to getting a fresh and juicy fruit. When the soil is prepared, it is necessary to water the seedlings abundantly, so it will be less injured during transplantation. It is recommended to plant sprouts with a distance of about 70 centimeters between rows and 60 between holes. It will not be superfluous to install metal arcs over the planted area, on which it will be possible to stretch the film in case of unexpected frosts.

Growing and caring for melons outdoors

4) Proper care will help speed up the appearance of ripe fruits, namely, loosening the soil, which will provide oxygen access to the roots. For the first time, this should be done to a depth of 15 centimeters, then - about 10 centimeters. After the foliage closes, the mechanical processing of the soil stops. A prerequisite is the correct pinching of melons. To obtain high-quality fruits, it is enough to have three shoots in the bush. The rest can be safely deleted.

5) It will not be superfluous to protect the plant from pests. These can be fungal diseases, ticks, aphids and others. Prevention should start with working with seeds. Treat seedlings as needed.

6) If you have followed all the recommendations - get ready to harvest a good harvest. If the melon has acquired the appropriate color, aroma, easily separates from the whip, you can safely pluck it and enjoy the delicate aroma and juicy pulp. The fruit, the skin of which is covered with a net of cracks over the entire area, can be stored for about one month. If you want to extend the shelf life, choose only half netted melons.

As you can see, it is not at all necessary to wait for this product to appear on the market. If you have a backyard, the melon is easy to grow with your own hands in the open field. It will be several times tastier, because you yourself have worked on it.


Techniques for growing tomato seedlings, feeding and caring for it

Growing tomato seedlings, this is what gardeners do as soon as the "spring smells". In what only seedlings are not grown - in peat tablets, in home-made containers, in "diapers", in sawdust. In the Krasnodar Territory, tomatoes are one of the leading vegetable crops. No wonder. Growing tomatoes is one of the main directions of the development of Kuban agriculture. Not a single private garden ...


The selection and planting rules for individual groups of plants are largely similar. They definitely need to be studied if you are embarking on this responsible task for the first time, but experienced gardeners, perhaps, will also take note of the recommendations of our authors.

What a summer cottage without fruit trees! Even if you already have a garden, perhaps it needs rejuvenation, or you just want to add new varieties, acquire new crops. Before you go shopping, take a look at All About Planting Fruit Trees. Choosing a seedling. Choosing a planting time and General recommendations for choosing a seedling and planting fruit trees - it will take a little time, but it can save you from serious mistakes.

No wonder they say that it is better to see once than hear a hundred times. Watch a useful video presented by the Struninsky nursery - the rules for planting seedlings of fruit trees (apple, cherry, sweet cherry, plum, pear, cherry plum) from professionals:

But a garden is not only about trees, of course. And although many principles for choosing and planting seedlings of trees and shrubs are similar, there are some differences, which you can read about in the article General recommendations for choosing seedlings and planting shrubs.

Conifers have their own important nuances, which are often considered capricious and demanding. General recommendations for choosing a seedling and planting conifers will help to successfully cope with their difficult nature, and here is this small video:

Well, for those who are landscaping a summer cottage, 4 rules for planting aquatic plants may be useful.

You will find a wide range of seedlings of fruit and ornamental crops, conifers, roses, grapes in our catalog, which represents the products of large garden online stores. Choose seedlings for your garden.


Summer 2016, you turned out to be kind and generous for warmth and harvest! It's hard to say that this year was not ugly. And fruits, vegetables, and berries - everything made me happy. Even such, atypical for our region, cultures like watermelons and melons have been successful. They poured, ripened, gained taste and weight as in the south.

Forecasters promise the next season even better, even warmer. We hope that everyone who does not grow melons in their summer cottages will definitely take the risk next summer and grow a decent harvest of watermelons and melons. And we will help you with this. We promise to provide material on growing melons in a natural way by next spring.

Of course, the watermelons and melons we have grown have been eaten for a long time. And they seemed to be full.

But such a watermelon cutter Kavuninja appeared in stores www.arbuzorezka.ru

I could not resist - I bought it, I love things that make it easier for women in the kitchen. After watching the video, I realized that I will not endure it until next season, I urgently need to experience it.

Now is the most watermelon time. At fairs and markets, they are sold very inexpensively. I bought a watermelon, as much as 12 kg. Kavuninja paid off.

Watermelon, despite its size, was cut conveniently, easily and quickly. Everything is clean, tidy and no mountain of crusts. Only two huge hemispheres. The family is happy, but I have work - well, my hand did not rise, greed seized me.

I decided to make a delicacy from the inedible part of the watermelon - candied fruit.

Candied watermelon peels

I cleaned the crusts from the surface skin and the remnants of the pulp, it turned out 2.5 kg.

Cut into finger sticks thick:

Candied peels from watermelon peels are prepared in the same way as from other vegetables or fruits, but there are some nuances. They must be blanched in boiling water for 2 minutes.

Then put it in a colander, cool in cold water and drain off excess liquid. For this I used a perforated juicer pan.

It is very convenient, it includes a large amount of any raw material, even fruits and berries when washing, even pasta for a large family.

Prepare syrup at the rate of 1.2 kg of sugar per 200 ml of water.

Dip chopped, blanched pieces into boiling syrup and simmer for 15 minutes.

Leave for 10 hours, repeat twice more. Before the third boil, if desired, add any spice, cinnamon, nutmeg, vanilla, to taste. The last time, it is advisable to boil to 104-108 ° C.

If there is no special thermometer or the temperature is lower, then boil for the same 15 minutes. Without cooling, pour hot into a colander, I have a perforated pan and a juice collector from a juicer, to separate the syrup and cool completely, it is better to do this overnight.

After drying, candied fruits may remain a little sticky, roll them in sugar, or better in a mixture of sugar and fruit powder - raspberry, currant, chokeberry and enjoy.

Don't worry about consumed sugar. Drain the syrup into a jar and store in the refrigerator. It can be used to prepare the next batch of candied fruits, pumpkin, carrots, beets in front. For sweetening marshmallow puree, jelly, compotes or soaking cakes, rolls, biscuits.

And in order, as they say, “not to buy a pig in a poke”, come to our stores, taste candied watermelon and get started!

Elena Ivanova, Your Fertility, Ufa


Watch the video: Grow the Best Watermelons Ever