Latin and Russian names for indoor plants

Latin and Russian names for indoor plants

Houseplants

Only in the last three decades, many modern flower shops have appeared in our country and, accordingly, a lot of various, including exotic flowers. And we heard new, unfamiliar names. Some of them are completely incomprehensible to ordinary amateur flower growers who do not have specialized education. It is especially difficult to remember the Latin names of colors. Therefore, I decided to clarify this issue a little.
So that's all color names can be divided into scientific (Latin), everyday and folk.

Latin names of colors

Latin names of colors, or scientific names, are accurate and the same for all countries. This is due to the fact that they are used in scientific works, research, encyclopedias. These plant names are regulated by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. They are written in letters of the Latin alphabet and, as a rule, mean some kind of botanical definition.

In accordance with the requirements of the botanical nomenclature, the Latin name consists of two words. The first is the name of the plant genus. It is written with an uppercase letter, the second is a view, it is written with a lowercase letter. The founder of the binary (that is, double) nomenclature is Karl Liney.

In general, it is by the Latin name that one can understand to which genus and species a particular plant belongs. It is also important to know the name of the family. For example, Astrovye, Gesnerievye and others. This can tell an ordinary florist how to care for a newly acquired plant. After all, the principles of caring for flowers of a family are common or similar. And if you know them, then you can follow the already known rules.

For example, Sunflower (including ornamental) belongs to the Astrov family. This means that he loves an abundance of moisture and sun. And Episcia - from the Gesnerievs - like all the flowers of this family, on the contrary, does not like the bay and direct sunlight.

It is very helpful to understand Latin botanical terminology when purchasing seeds and seedlings. Indeed, the name very often contains a description of the flower. For example, buying the seeds of a plant whose name contains the word aestivalis - summer - you will know when to expect flowering. And if the name contains the term flore pleno - terry - you will get a magnificent, terry, flower.

Many Latin names are given to plants by the names of their discoverers. Many researchers and botanists have left a memory of themselves in the names of families and genera. But more on that below.

Russian folk names

If it is very difficult to understand Latin names without special education, then with folk names of flowers everything is simple.

The people very accurately give the name to the plants. And if by the Latin name Impatiens ("intolerant of touch") it is difficult to figure out what kind of flower we are talking about, then the popular names - Ogonyok and Wet Vanka very accurately describe the features of such a plant as Balsam. These are its bright flowers (lights) and the ability to absorb a lot of water and release it in the form of droplets of sweet flower sap at the tips of the leaves.

In general, popular names reflect precisely the distinctive features of plants. For example, Euphorbia pulcherrima is better known to us as the Christmas Star or Poinsetia.

Our Fat Woman is scientifically called Crassula (Crassula), which is essentially the same thing, since "crassus" is translated from Latin as "fat". And she got this name for the fleshy leaves. Also, the people call this flower the Money tree, for the similarity of the shape of the leaves with coins.

The donkey got its name from the fact that its wide and long leaves resemble the ears of a donkey. And the scientific name of the flower is Oenothéra. It comes from a combination of two ancient Greek words "Oeno" (wine) and théra (wild beast).

And the beloved by our mothers and grandmothers, Centenary is a panacea for many diseases - so named for its ability to grow long and successfully. In science, it is better known as Aloe. Which means "bitter" in Arabic.

Literature

  1. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants


Conversation for the middle group "Houseplants"

Christina Demina
Conversation for the middle group "Houseplants"

Conversation for the middle group «Houseplants»

- Fix titles indoor plants (geranium, aloe begonia, lily, violet, rules and methods of caring for them

- Continue to develop the ability to carry out work assignments.

- Develop attention and observation

- Develop the ability to listen, engage in dialogue

- To cultivate diligence, respect for plants

Materials (edit): scoops, brushes, cloths, sponges, watering cans, sticks for loosening, indoor flowers.

- Reading poetry, riddles about indoor plants

- Viewing photos, illustrations about indoor plants

- Drawing on the topic «Houseplants».

Educator: Guys, greet the guests only with your eyes. Look at me. Let your eyes turn into butterflies for a few seconds.

-"Butterflies are flying"- blink your eyes slowly at first, then quickly

- "Butterflies" slowly flew up and down.

- I will ask a riddle,you guess her:

Children: houseplants.

Educator: Why do we need indoor flowers?

Children: for beauty, comfort, they purify the air.

- Do you think they are alive houseplants?

Children: grow, breathe, drink.

- How are they similar? houseplants?

Children: everyone has a root, stem, leaves, flowers.

- What everyone needs plants for growth?

Children: light, heat, water, air.

Now wash yourself, dust yourself off and calm down.

Finally, we are ready to meet the whole day in all its glory!

(Children perform movements according to the text)

- Guys, what do you think is behind everyone indoor plants need to be looked after equally?

Children look after plant... The teacher looks after the care, helps if necessary. After leaving, the inventory is put back in place.

- How will you take care of the violet?

Children: violets can not be sprayed, leaves do not like water, they can wither. Dust is carefully removed with a brush.

—How will you take care of the aloe?

Children: Leaves should be washed with a wet brush so as not to break off the thorns.

- Remember how to loosen the ground?

Children: neat, shallow at the stem, and deeper from the edge of the pot.

- Why do you need to loosen the earth?

Children: so that the water passes well, the roots breathe and grow well.

—How to water properly plants?

Children: put the spout of the watering can on the edge of the pot, pour a little over the whole earth. Wait until the water is absorbed

- Guys, you did a good job. Admire our indoor plants... What have they become?

Children: clean, well-groomed, beautiful, shiny

- What did you do to make the flowers look like this?

Children: loosened the ground, watered. They wiped off the leaves, sprayed.

Educator: Now we know how to properly care for plants.

Summary of the application lesson in the middle group "Ficus" within the week "Houseplants" 4-5 years. "Ficus" Program content: -To consolidate children's ideas about houseplants, about ways of caring for them, about the benefits of indoor plants.

Discovery game for children of the younger group "Houseplants" Topic: "Houseplants" Purpose: To show how indoor plants (ficus, violet) grow. Give an idea of ​​what is for plant growth.

Summary of the lesson "Houseplants" Houseplants. Target guidelines: To acquaint children with the new medicinal plant aloe, noting its characteristic features, to consolidate.

Houseplants in kindergarten It has become a good tradition in our kindergarten to hold contests on various topics. Just recently, in mid-August, it was organized.

Summary of a lesson on familiarization with the world around for the older group "Indoor plants" Purpose: To consolidate children's ideas about indoor plants. Introduce new material on this topic. Tasks: Introduce the title.

Project "Indoor Plants" Project "Indoor Plants" Project type: research, short-term from 21.03. until 03/25/16., group. Project participants: educator.

Project "Indoor Plants" Project on the theme: "Indoor Plants in Kindergarten" Project participants: pupils of the preparatory group, parents. Terms of work on.

Summary of GCD Topic: "Houseplants" Objectives: correctional and educational: clarification and consolidation of ideas about indoor plants and methods of caring for them, expansion, activation.

Environmental project "Houseplants" Type: practice-oriented Type: ecological Term: short-term. Venue: MDOU kindergarten №5 "Fairy Tale" Project participants :.

Lesson on environmental education for children of the second junior group "Houseplants" Purpose: To consolidate knowledge about the houseplant balsam. Continue to learn to read diagrams, distinguish between leaves, stem, flowers, roots. Clarify.


Orchid markings and names

Many orchids have figurative everyday or aboriginal names, for example, "moth orchid", "feather orchid" or "staff of St. Jose", "Easter lily". But when an unprepared person listens to a conversation between two flower growers who talk about orchids, he is immediately discouraged by the abundance of incomprehensible words and the complexity of the names of these plants, as if people speak a bird's language. It would seem, why not come up with simpler names for such beautiful colors? The answer is simple: both in science and in horticulture, scientific Latin names are used for orchids, which, by the way, exist for all plants.

Each plant, according to the rules of the international nomenclature, is assigned a name consisting of two words. The first word always denotes the belonging of a plant to a particular genus, and the second is a specific epithet. For example, Cattleya labiata:

  • Genus - Cattleya (Cattleya), written in Latin with a capital letter
  • Species - labiata (labiata), written in Latin with a small letter.

The etymology of botanical names is very diverse: the name can be assigned to a plant according to the characteristic features of its structure, given in honor of famous and outstanding personalities, mythical characters, geographical areas, and retain the aboriginal name. Sometimes it also includes the name of the variety and the name of the clone (of a particular orchid specimen). For example, Cattleya intermedia var. alba ‘Sonya’.

A similar naming system is used for hybrid orchids. So the first word is the name of the genus or intergeneric hybrid, followed by the name of the Grex (the name of seedlings with the same pedigree), then the name of the clone. The name of the Greek and the name of the clone are always capitalized and in English. The clone name is enclosed in single quotes. For example, what does Laeliocattleya Imperial Wings 'Noble' SM / JOGA mean?

  • Laeliocattleya (Laeliocattleya) is the name of an intergeneric hybrid obtained from crossing representatives of two botanical genera, abbreviated as Lc.
  • Imperial Wings (Imperial Wings) - the name of the Greek.
  • 'Noble' is the name of a clone, one of the seedlings of this Greek, which is recognized as outstanding.
  • SM / JOGA - This clone has been awarded the Silver Medal by the Japan Orchid Growers Association.

If they want to emphasize the special value of a plant, then its parents can also be indicated in the catalog or on the name tag. In this case, the full name of the orchid, its award, and then the names of its parents in brackets will be written first. For example, a hybrid Lc. Imperial Wings 'Noble' SM / JOGA SM / JOGA (L. pumila x Lc. Stephen-Zuiho).


Perennial flowering plants

Perennials are very convenient to grow in flower beds - you do not need to take care of seeds, seedlings and soil preparation for planting every year. Many of them are unpretentious and bloom all summer long. Such plants include:

  • cornflowers
  • lobelia
  • perennial flax
  • aquilegia
  • garden tradescantia
  • yarrow
  • arabis
  • astilba
  • delphinium and many others.

Roses require more maintenance: they need to be regularly cut, loosened and fed. They must be covered for the winter. Roses pay for their care with magnificent blooms that last all summer. At the end of the summer season, when many plants have faded, autumn chrysanthemums bloom. They bloom until the very frost and fit perfectly into the garden composition.

Against the backdrop of greenery, garden daisies look great, which can decorate any yard. They are unpretentious: they tolerate drought well and do not require close attention. There are different varieties of chamomile: large daisy, red and pink pyrethrum, yellow doronicum. There are even terry varieties similar to asters and chrysanthemums. Chamomiles go well with other perennials and small shrubs.

Gypsophila will be a good addition to other plants that grow in the yard. This is an unpretentious flower, perennial varieties of which grow in one place for 25-30 years. Gypsophila is easy to care for - watering and occasionally feeding is enough.

Pelargonium is usually bred as a houseplant, but in summer it can be transplanted into a street flower bed. It develops well on the sunny side and produces many inflorescences outdoors. In order to grow pelargonium next year, you need to cut off several layers and plant them at home.


Landscaping of the site. garden tools

A garden is both a great joy for its owner and a great responsibility. This is a huge space for imagination - even a small plot.

Our section was created to help those who equip their site. You will find various useful and interesting information about planting, watering, types of shelters and their differences. There are many devices that facilitate the work of the summer resident: even a shovel - and that is of different types. Even watering from a watering can is not such a simple matter and has its own tricks.

Liquid turf: incredibly effective!

Liquid Turf is a unique ready-to-use ready-to-use mixture. You literally spray the lawn (seeds in a liquid nutrient mixture) on prepared soil - as easy as shelling pears!

Peony varieties: complete list, names in C and D

Variety name (in alphabetical order of Latin spelling), picture, description and name of the variety in Russian, flowering period.

This article contains varieties of peonies whose names begin with the Latin letters C and D.

Peony varieties: complete list, names for A and B

Variety name (in alphabetical order of Latin spelling), picture, description and name of the variety in Russian, flowering period.

This article contains varieties of peonies, the names of which begin with the Latin letters A and B.

Lily bulbs, planting material

Lily bulbs, in the photo - planting material ordered by mail. 4 packs with different varieties of lily tubers. Lily Fire, Salmon Party, Dutch Red, Gold Stargazer.

The bulbs are good enough, with buds, roots. Covered with sawdust, so the mail arrived perfectly.

LD: Landscape design, magazine

The magazine "Landscape Design" contains information about the best gardens in Russia and Europe, recommendations of experts, interviews with recognized masters of landscape design, the history of Russian estates and the best parks in the world.

Seeds. Lawn Playground, photo and description, where to buy

Package weight (pictured) - 1 kg.

This lawn is a versatile sports and game mixture for creating lawns in playgrounds and places of public recreation. Even paths in the country can be sown with such lawn grass - it is very pleasant to walk on them, the grass is not trampled.

It has a high resistance to stress, has a strong turf and a high ability to recover.

Lawn grass, where to buy seeds

Even if you are not going to decorate your site with landscape design, you still cannot do without a lawn! Large or small, a lawn is necessary.

Good lawn grass can be sown in both shady and sunny places (for different places of illumination - different seeds of lawn grass), and highly passable (places for a playground, for sports games, as well as paths).

There are clover, bent grass, and many other types of herbs, including a wide variety of mixtures.

Also in the article - agricultural technology: how to properly sow lawn grass.

Grass mixtures

The variant of the sown grass mixture is important for the quality of the lawn in the future.

Not all mixtures are suitable for our soil and climatic conditions. So, for example, many experts consider unsuitable for creating high-quality long-term lawns of grass mixtures with a predominance of seeds of perennial ryegrass or white bent grass. Grass mixtures of the following composition should be used as preferred and recommended:

bluegrass (30%), perennial ryegrass (30%), red fescue (30%), bent grass (10%)

bluegrass (30%), red fescue (30%), pasture ryegrass (40%).

Rabatka

A flower bed is a long, parallel-sided strip cut into the lawn. With its elongated rectangular shape and clear lines, the bed resembles a garden bed. Its size depends on the nature and size of the green object being designed. The width can be from 0.5 to 3 m, the length is arbitrary. According to the location and height of the plants, the ridges can be of two types:


Latin and Russian names for indoor plants - garden and vegetable garden

April 2021
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Special issue "All About Houseplants"


Date: December 1, 2011 Category: Home

For the first time in Ukraine!

A new special issue with a description of the 100 best indoor plants "All about indoor plants"

In the special issue you will find:
Selection, transport and adaptation
indoor plants.
Diseases and pests.
Encyclopedia of indoor plants from A to Z.
Russian and Latin names of plants
In alphabet order.

The special edition can be purchased at retail:
- in kiosks selling periodicals
- on press layouts
- in supermarkets
Through the editorial office:
- by retro-subscription through the editorial office (terms on page 49)
Special issues can be purchased at the newspaper market near st. m. "Shulyavskaya" (Kiev) and in the shops of the chain "Epicenter".

The 15th edition of the Gardening Industry Catalog for 2021 has been published


Only registered users can download the catalog. Register


In what sources can you check the pronunciation and stress of the Latin names of genera and plant species?

This is actually a problem for those who want to pronounce these names correctly! This is how, one wonders, the name of the cactus Eriosyce is pronounced, and where is the accent?
After all, few of the amateur flower growers have studied Latin and know the laws of this language.
For example, the combination of letters AE is pronounced as E (E), for example: Aeonium - Eonium, Haemanthus - Gemantus. I note this because somewhere I met on Answers that the respondent wrote some Latin name in Russian letters, as it should have sounded, and reproduced this mute A.
But surely there are other reading rules that we do not know.

There is also such a nuance as Latin names formed from someone's names or from geographical names. Is the pronunciation of the original phonetics taken into account? in particular, Spanish or English? (Lobivia jajoiana, Mammillaria jaliscana).
Again, a reference is needed.

And I would also like to be able to check Russian botanical names somewhere.
To check the pronunciation of Russian words, there is a Gramota portal. Ru, but the catch is that, although there are many narrow professional terms in the local dictionaries, the names of ornamental plants are not enough. Thank you, at least there was bougainvillea, which many, if not most, call bougainvillea ...

It is a pity that this question cannot be placed in two categories at once - maybe gardeners could answer.

I will add a little on my own - on this and related topics.

Wikipedia does a good deed, where many articles emphasize terms and names.

Interesting discussion in the topic "Cacti and Latin" on the forum cactuslife.com.

Translation of Latin cactus names (species epithets) -
http://cactuslife.com/Articles/kakteen_Latin.php
About the rules for the formation of Latin botanical names -
http://cactuslife.com/Articles/kakteen_Latin2.php

Well, after such answers, I seem to already know with whom to consult on difficult cases of pronunciation of Latin names! :)

Thanks to all!
Now I'm going to throw a coin: there is clearly more than one Best answer!

.. I can add, because I came across Latin as such, and with biology ..
Latin was taught in the gymnasium, probably - from there, the pronunciation rules were somehow remembered ... by the way, here's about the combination of the letters "ae": if just like that, then yes, it is read together and like "e" Russian ё, then this is not at all "ё", but the designation of the separate reading of these letters - that is, "ae" .. for example, in the name of the genus of mosquitoes Aёdes. - aedes, also with an emphasis on E.

probably a handbook on botanical Latin as such is needed. there are such in large bookstores, where there is a section of biology in the department of natural sciences. and the dictionary of phytoanatomical terms also contains partly Latin, although there is, of course, a lot of Greek ... but they help better.

another question - with names that were not invented "latinized", but as they are in other languages ​​..
for example, how to read Castilleja - castillea. and she is from Spanish, they speak castilleha, because they have the letter J - hotta, it reads like "x".

an additional source of misunderstanding is the combination of letters sch. . "w" or "cx". who knows German, "on autopilot" will read "w" ..
and will receive a family of ferns Shizeynye instead of Schizeynyh, the Chinese schizandra Schizandru instead of Schizandra, a plant from labiates (lambes) - Schizonepetu instead of Schizonepeta ..
and why. and how to read? but everything is simple - in Latin there was no sound "sh".
therefore, the classical reading is "cx", and only ..

from this, the supposedly funny names of plants are taken - like here http://otvet.mail.ru/question/59501857/
the author, of course, picked it up without Latin, just by ear - but in correct Latin they are completely wrong to read ..

and yes, capital H in Latin is not "x", but a sound, just the middle between "g" and "x" in pronunciation, and in spelling - Г, with rare exceptions ..
Hedera, of course, is not a headEra, but a hedera, but still through the "x". Yes..

but now everyone reads differently.
some of the new names were given by proper names. but now they did not romanize them, as they did Avicenna from Ibn-Sina before ..
as a result, Forsithya - Forsythia, in fact, if we take into account the original English origin of the name, with a strict reading in Latin in this version, forsythia should be pronounced. Not forsythia - "s" is read as "z" only between two vowels (as in German), and the sound "t" would be derived from the letter "t" immediately before the vowel, but "th" is always "t", without options.

.. the Italians in general, as "direct heirs", consider themselves entitled to read Latin in their own way!)
they even have all the endings of families .. well, in "asteraceae", "poatsee" as we would pronounce Asteraceae, Poaceae, and "asteracea", "poacha", etc. pronunciation, oh, how has changed in Italian compared to Latin.
those who chat in classical Latin will never read this))
the French also write in their own way, they have umbrella ones - not Umbelliferae, but Ombelliferae - I just wanted to through O, and that's it) and go find another in the reference book, after all, okay there is still an ending, but here is the capital letter of the name.

with simpler accents, where the stress usually falls on the 2nd syllable from the end. (syllables for determining the stressed are numbered there not from the beginning of the word, but from the end)
does not fall on the last stress ... more precisely, it did not fall in classical Latin - and in this sense bougainvillea is understandable instead of bougainvillea - it would have been in Latin, but the French intervened again)
BUT! now they don't write, but in Latin there are short letters .. a, e, i, even u! therefore, if the second syllable from the end is like this, the stress moves closer to the beginning ..
Agricola is a farmer. not "agrikola", but agrikola. there should be about "with a checkmark on top", actually))

yes, and there are 2 variants of reading the letter L. there is a classic - always a soft "l", also called "French", and a hard - "l" ("English") ..

in general, here's what: you just need a textbook of Latin .. initial 20 pages, where just the whole system of transcriptions, pronunciation, and stress is understood.
at the same time, nominal names taken from other languages ​​can be read "in a foreign manner."

It is, rather, to the question of "Hot !!! Pach0m we have a headEra!"
Latin is better to write on pieces of paper ...

But with regard to cacti - in some specialized stores there are handbooks for sale on cacti. Mammillaria, Rebuts ... Each genus has its own reference book.

It is a pity there is no complete encyclopedia of plants.
... lying ... there is =))) So far it is only in paper form.
You can visit the library at the university, but this is not an everyday solution = (

There is a Google translator link, where you can listen to any word in any language as it is pronounced. But it happens that he is lying) the same eonium pronounces it as aeonium)) so it will be as a fallback.

The basic rules of Latin phonetics can be found here. There are not so many of them. You can learn and read correctly yourself. I also know for sure that in two-syllable words the stress always falls on the first syllable.

But this is all true, additions. And, alas, I cannot answer your question. I have not met such sites where you can accurately find out the correct pronunciation in the transcription of plant species. I sense that there are no resources for ALL genera and species of plants to be given in Russian transcription :(

Here are some of the plants given in Russian transcription. But, not all.


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