Information About Dutchman's Pipe

Information About Dutchman's Pipe

Dutchman’s Pipe Varieties: How To Grow Giant Dutchman’s Pipe Flowers

By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

Interested in learning how to grow giant Dutchman’s pipe vine? It’s surprisingly easy. Click here for more information on Giant dutchman’s pipe plant. You’ll also find out information on alternative varieties to protect butterflies in the area.

Calico Vine Information: Learn How To Grow A Calico Vine

By Mary Ellen Ellis

The calico vine or flower is a perennial native to Brazil that resembles its relative, the dutchman?s pipe, and even commonly shares the name for the shape of its bloom. This climbing vine is a pretty addition to warm-climate gardens. Learn about the plant in this article.


Calculating How Deep to Bury Outdoor Electrical Wire

You may plan to install electrical wire outdoors for operation of pumps, lighting, and other apparatuses. Whatever the purpose, you can run your wiring overhead or in a below-ground trench. If you choose a trench, you will need to know what types of wiring and conduits you can use and how deep to bury them. Below, you will find six tips about electric wire burial.

Before getting over-involved, however, you should check the local and municipal laws and regulations on cables burial, and with the local utilities so they can mark where their underground utilities lie on your property. Before starting any of the work, you should also apply for a construction and electrical permit, as it could be required in your municipality.

1. Direct Cable Burial

UF cable (underground feeder cable) is specially designed and manufactured with properties that make it ideal for burial. This cable should be buried at a depth of 24 inches. The cable is less likely to be cut or disturbed by typical digging if it is this far below ground. However, certain municipalities and states/provinces require that local utilities be contacted so that they can mark where their undergrounds utilities lie on your property.

When purchasing UF cable, you should take special care to differentiate it from ordinary NM (non-metallic, or Romex) cable. Usually, UF cable has information printed on the sheathing that identifies it as UF.

2. Using UF Cable Above Ground

Although UF cable is designed to be buried, you can also use it above ground. For example, if you have a run of cable that is partly buried and partly above the ground, and you prefer not to splice your burial cable to a length of above-ground cable, you can use UF cable for the full cable run. Keep in mind, though, that any UF cable used in above-ground applications should be run through conduit where it can be damaged.

3. Electrical Wire Encased in PVC Conduit

The National Electric Code (NEC) sets the required burial depth of electric wire in rigid, non-metallic conduit, such as PVC, at 18-inches. Cable in any conduit, including PVC, that is buried at this depth is not in danger of being severed or disturbed by normal digging. However, keep in mind that no cable or conduit is protected from digging by construction equipment such as trench diggers or backhoes.

4. Electrical Wire in Rigid Metal Conduit

Owing to the durability of rigid metal conduit, you can bury electrical wire in this conduit at a shallower depth. According to the NEC, you can bury it at a depth as shallow as 6 inches.

5. Electrical Wire Encased in Flexible Metal Conduit

If you wish to use flexible metal conduit, be sure it is the type that is watertight.


How Electrical Current Reaches Your Home

Electrical service reaches your home from the power utility through two 120-volt service wires that offer a combined 240 volts of power (voltage is a measurement of electricity's pressure or rate of flow). The main service wires reach your home either through overhead service wires that enter a service mast and pass down through an electrical meter into your home, or through underground wires that also pass through an electrical meter. The first stop for the electrical service once it enters your home is the main service panel.


The Best Way to Kill Mold in the Attic

Mold in the attic (or anywhere for that matter) can be a health and safety hazard—when you spot it, you have to act fast. While this pressure can feel overwhelming, there are several ways for you to tackle your mold problem the DIY way, before you have to call in a professional.

On that note though, if you do discover advanced mold in your attic, professional help may be your only option. Similarly, if you have preexisting health conditions like asthma or other lung or allergy-related ailments it's best to leave the mold killing to someone else. Mold, when disturbed, can release spores into the air, and even if you're wearing a protective mask, preexisting health conditions can put you at serious risk.

Causes of Mold

While damp and warm climates are a prime breeding ground for our fuzzy friend, other conditions that bring mold include lack of ventilation and proper sheathing. High humidity in a space like an attic can lead to mold and a spill in a carpeted area of your home that isn't quickly taken care of can also lead to mold under the carpet. And just because you can't see that mold doesn't mean it's not dangerous.

Knowing what climate and structural elements contribute to mold problems can help you know what trouble spots to check.

Hydrogen Peroxide Method

Take three percent hydrogen peroxide—which can be found at most grocery stores—and put it in a new, clean spray bottle. Generously douse the moldy area (while wearing a mask and gloves) and let the peroxide sit on the mold for at least ten minutes. After the peroxide sits, wipe the dead mold away with a clean cloth and repeat it across the entire moldy area. Discard the rag after use, you won't want to be using the moldy rag all over your home.

You may need to spray more than once or twice to get this method to bring the desired results.

Vinegar Method

Another way to attack mold in the home is with vinegar. While not effective at killing all types of mold, vinegar can kill around eighty percent of mold types. Take a clean spray bottle and fill it with undiluted vinegar. Douse the mold with vinegar and let it sit. Then after ten to fifteen minutes, wipe it away. Do this a few more times and then, when possible, crack a window to let the smell of vinegar wear off.

Baking Soda Method

If you've got mold in your carpet, take a spray bottle, some baking soda and a scrub brush to the scene. Dissolve one to two tablespoons of baking soda per cup of water in a bottle and spray it on the mold. Then use a scrub brush to work the solution in. This will disturb the mold spores greatly so make sure you are fully protected with a mask. Let the solution sit for about twenty minutes and then go again. This solution is also helpful when to comes to removing mold stains and is safe around pets and kids.

Bleach Method

By far the most popular DIY mold killer is bleach. Mix a cup of bleach into a gallon of water and use that solution to attack the mold. While wearing a mask and gloves to protect yourself from both the mold and the bleach, carefully apply the bleach solution to the moldy area. This solution can cause discoloration on some surfaces so be cautious. If your mold is on a porous surface, add a little squirt of Dawn dish soap to the mix. This will help the solution get into all of the cracks and crevices.

If one of those solutions works for you, wait an appropriate amount of time before trying another one. And if no solution works to kill your mold problem, you may need to try chemical mold killers.

And while killing mold in your attic or home is the top priority, fixing the underlying problem is essential so the problem doesn't keep popping back up. Adding a dehumidifier or fixing ventilation issues will ensure that the mold in your attic, or anywhere else in your home, doesn't keep popping back up.


Watch the video: Capital Naturalist: Pipevine