Liriope is a large perennial ground cover plant. The rhizome of this ground cover plant is short, and the drooping leaves are oblong and narrow, and they are also slightly curved at the top. Such a plant does not have a stem. Liriope bushes are medium-sized, they have a height of about 0.7 m. There are also low-growing varieties that reach a height of about 20 centimeters. And undersized varieties are good in that they have dense, spectacular foliage.
The plant named Liriope was named after a nymph. And this happened due to the fact that its graceful and narrow foliage resembles the figure of a mystical creature. Liriope is grown in the garden as a decorative showy groundcover. During flowering, the bush is decorated with delicate lilac inflorescences. Thanks to this, such a perennial can become the main decoration of your garden in the fall. This ground cover is perfectly combined with all other autumn colors, therefore it is widely used in landscape design.
Types of lyriope with photos
Liriope Muscari, or Liriope Muscarevidnoe
This species is most popular with gardeners. On the basis of this type, breeders have bred a large number of different varieties and forms. Such a plant has a vertical root system, which consists of roots and small roots, all of which are intertwined. The hard leaves of a dark green color are rather long and have a xiphoid shape. The foliage is either longer than the peduncle, or of the same height. The leaf plates can be decorated with a yellow stripe, which is located in the middle, but this is only observed in some varieties. The length of the whorled peduncle is about 0.7 m, spectacular inflorescences of purple or white color grow on it. This species blooms in autumn.
Liriope spicata, or liriope cereal-leaved
This unpretentious species is quite frost-resistant, which is what most gardeners like. The superficial root system of such a plant is fibrous. Unlike other species of this genus, the leaves of this flower are sinuous. As a rule, the foliage is longer than the peduncles and can reach about 0.4 m, it is painted in a dark green hue and has a xiphoid shape. Outwardly, the leaves of such a plant are very similar to the foliage of cereals. Short stalks can be purple-gray or white. Spike inflorescences have a pale blue color. Flowering is observed in September – October.
Low-growing clumps are overgrown with wide and long leaf plates. Bright greens set off inflorescences. The arrows of the peduncles are short and densely covered with rich blue buds.
Planting and care in the open field
Liriope is distinguished by its shade tolerance, therefore it is recommended to grow it in shaded areas, as well as in the shade of trees and tall shrubs. There are varieties of this ground cover that grow well in sunny areas. The best area for liriope is considered to be one that is fairly well lit, but the light should be diffused. If the lighting is bright enough, then larger inflorescences will form on the bushes, the color of which will also be more saturated. As a rule, in spring, as well as in the first half of autumn, the plant does not have enough sunlight. In this regard, experienced gardeners highly discourage choosing too shaded areas for planting Liriope.
This plant reacts extremely negatively to drafts. In this regard, for planting it, you should choose a site that has reliable protection from the wind. Light soil is best suited for liriope, good air permeability and rich in nutrients. It can be neutral or slightly acidic.
Before proceeding with the planting of the culture, the site is digged, while sand or compost is introduced into the soil in order to improve its air and water permeability. The fact is that this flower reacts extremely negatively to the stagnation of fluid in the root system. In the event that the soil on the site has high acidity, then during digging, a little lime is added to it.
Liriope is planted in pre-prepared small pits, and the distance between them should be about 0.4 m. Such a flower is planted in the garden in early spring.
Such a flower needs systematic watering, especially during the hot dry season. In the event that the weather is cool in summer, then it will be enough to water it 2 times in 7 days. This plant is drought tolerant and reacts extremely negatively to stagnant liquid in the root system. With regular waterlogging of the soil, rot appears on the roots, and the bush dies. To avoid this, when planting a plant in open ground at the bottom of the hole, it is necessary to make a drainage layer of leaf humus mixed with river sand. In order for the soil to pass water and air better, after each watering, its surface should be carefully loosened. Also, such a ground cover responds well to humidification from a sprayer in the evening, for this they use warm water.
A light, nutritious soil is best suited for growing lyriope, which should be neutral. When about four weeks remain before planting the bushes in open ground, the site is digged, while river sand and humus should be added to the ground. In the event that the soil is too acidic, then a small amount of lime or wood ash is also added to it.
When 3 years have passed after planting Liriope in open ground, it will need to be transplanted. In the event that you neglect this procedure, then over time, the bushes will begin to dry out, and they will not form inflorescences. This perennial is transplanted in the spring, or rather, in the first days of May. Remove the parent shrub from the soil and divide it into multiple pieces. After that, the delenki are planted in new holes and watered well. Liriope takes root in a new place after about 15 days.
During the growing season, such a flower is fed once every 15 days, for this, both organic and mineral fertilizers are used. Before the bush blooms, it is recommended to use nitrogenous fertilizers to feed it. And it is better to feed a flowering plant with fertilizer with a high content of phosphorus and potassium.
Such a perennial blooms in autumn. As a rule, flowers appear in September, and bushes fade around the last days of October. This flower has a rather high peduncle; panicles are formed on them, consisting of small bell-shaped flowers that look like a lily of the valley. Depending on the variety, the flowers can be colored white, lilac, purple or blue. When the flowers wilt, purple seeds form in their place, they can be used for reproduction.
Liriope is pruned only so that the bush looks spectacular and neat. To do this, it is necessary to cut off the faded inflorescences in a timely manner, which will provoke the growth of new buds, and also remove the leaves that have begun to turn yellow.
Liriope does not need shelter during wintering in the open ground only if there is a lot of snow in the region in winter and there is no severe frost (below minus 15 degrees). In the event that the winters are more severe, the plants need to be covered. To do this, they are thrown over with dried leaves, and also covered with a non-woven material on top. After the snow melts with the onset of spring, the shelter must be removed from the bushes.
In order to propagate lyriope, you can use the generative (seed) method, as well as the division of the bush.
Growing from seeds
Gardeners rarely grow such a flower from seed, because this method is relatively difficult and time-consuming. For sowing, seeds collected last year are suitable. Sowing is carried out directly into the open ground, and this is done in the first days of May. Seed material is subjected to pre-sowing preparation, for this they are kept in warm water for 24 hours, and then immediately sown. Before sowing, the site is digged, and the necessary fertilizers are applied to the soil. Make not very deep grooves and sow the seeds in them, the distance between them should be about 10 cm. After the seedlings that have appeared get stronger and grow up, they are dived, and all weak bushes are thrown out. Maintain a distance of about 40 cm between the bushes.
Dividing the bush
By dividing the bush, Liriope is propagated in the first days of May, and this procedure is combined with a transplant. Water the garden bed and dig up a mature plant, after which you can start dividing the bush. Each of the divisions must have a strong root system and at least 10 leaves. After that, the divisions are planted in the pits, which are prepared in advance. At the same time, the distance between the bushes should be approximately 0.45 m. The planted cuttings need watering, after which, if desired, you can cover the surface of the garden with a layer of mulch (dry peat). For a faster rooting of the divisions, they should be fed. Top dressing is carried out regularly for 2 months with a frequency of 1 time in 15 days.
Diseases and pests
Snails, aphids and scale insects can settle on lyriopa. To exterminate them, they resort to treating the bushes with a solution of an insecticidal drug, for example, Actellik (follow the instructions on the package).
Root rot can harm such a plant. This disease can develop due to the regular stagnation of fluid in the roots. If such a problem has arisen, then the diseased bush will need to be transplanted, while cutting out all the rotten areas on the roots from it.
However, most often the plant suffers from improper care. The following problems may arise with it:
- Irregular or no bloom... This happens if the soil on the site is depleted and the bush is lacking nutrients.
- Dried leaf tips... This problem occurs due to irregular watering when the flower does not have enough liquid.
- Loss of stiffness by leaves... The drooping foliage indicates that rot has appeared on the roots due to regular waterlogging.
If you take care of the lyriopa correctly and choose the most suitable site for planting it, then your plant will not get sick, and pests will not settle on it.
Liriope Muscari Big Blue. Brief overview, description of characteristics of liriope muscari Big Blue
Dicenter flower - planting, growing and care, photo
These extremely adorable flowers were a real gem in our grandmothers gardens. Our dicenter is called "Broken Heart", the French call it "Jeanette's Heart", the Germans call it "Heart Flower", and the Poles call it "Heart". The plant owes such beautiful names to the unusual shape of the flowers, similar to the heart. Today these perennials are experiencing a renaissance, seducing with their original and unusual appearance. Therefore, they are often planted in gardens or given to loved ones to express their feelings. What this flower admires and captivates for many years, how to plant a bleeding center and care in the open field - this will be discussed below.
- Botanical description, plant morphology
- Types and varieties
- Landing dates
- Soil and position requirements
- How and when to sow dicentra in a greenhouse for early flowering?
- Planting and transplanting - progress of work
- Growing and care
- Pruning, removal of faded inflorescences
- Watering, feeding
- Frost resistance, wintering
- By dividing
Growing from seeds
In most cases, the plant is grown by the seed method. Sometimes the statice is propagated by dividing the bush, but this is not recommended, since the root system of the plant is designed in such a way that it does not tolerate transplanting well.
The seed is small and elongated. The difficulty of germination is that the seed has a dense shell. It is not worth peeling off this shell, it is advisable to walk over the shell with sandpaper. And then hold the seeds in wet sawdust for a couple of days.
Then the seeds need to be sown. If the statice will grow indoors, then the seeds should be sown in a pot, but if outdoors, then you should use peat cups. Sowing seeds is desirable from late February to early March... It is necessary to sow only one seed in one pot or glass, since the root system of the flower is quite large.
Sowing substrate should be loose. You can buy a special earthen seedling mixture at the store. It would be nice to add some sand to it. It is also required to prepare the soil before sowing. For this you need:
- Clear the substrate from twigs, lumps and other debris
- Spill the substrate with potassium permanganate. This will help to neutralize it from fungus and other infections.
- Moisten it a little with water.
Seeds it is not necessary to deeply deepen into the ground, it is enough to sprinkle them a little on top... From above, pots or other containers should be covered with plastic wrap or a bag. Keep containers in a warm place. To prevent the formation of mold, they must be periodically ventilated.
You also need to ensure that the soil is always moist.
The appearance of the first shoots can be observed already in 10 days... However, if the seeds were not provided with the right conditions, then the germination period may take longer. To speed up the process, you can use the heating of the seedlings using a 60 W incandescent lamp.
Ranunculus in landscape design
The plant looks great in compositions on large areas, flower beds and when decorating elegant garden structures. Ranunculus is a popular type for wedding floristry. Each variety is interesting in its own way.
When choosing a suitable variety for decorating a garden, you need to take into account the presence of "neighbors" nearby. Buttercup Asian looks great against the background of green grass, plays the "first violin" in decorating the site, does not require the presence of a number of other companion plants.
More useful information about planting and care, as well as the basic rules for growing Ranunculus in an open field area, can be found after watching the video: