How to transplant and update geranium: choose a pot, soil and time

 How to transplant and update geranium: choose a pot, soil and time

Blooming geraniums on the windowsill in Soviet times was considered philistine. Modern man rejects such ideas, so pelargonium can be found in almost every home. It blooms profusely and beautifully throughout most of the year, unpretentious, useful - what more could the owner want? The rules for caring for geraniums are simple, but they exist and must be followed. Experienced growers share the tricks of growing healthy pelargonium. For harmonious development, it is important to transplant the plant on time and correctly.

Features of growing a flower at home

There is nothing particularly complicated in the rules for caring for geraniums. But one should highlight the basic requirements for the conditions of growth and flowering of a plant and observe them. The main thing to remember is that geranium is a drought-loving plant. After all, pelargonium is a guest from Africa. It copes better with a lack of moisture than with its excess.

Geranium is an unpretentious, abundantly and almost continuously flowering houseplant; this is due to its popularity

Watering

You can water the geranium every day, two or three times a week, sometimes one procedure is enough for 7-10 days. It all depends on the air temperature in the room in which the pelargonium grows. How do you know what to water? The answer is simple: the topsoil in the pot is dry. Obvious signs of waterlogging: lethargic leaves, lack of flowering, mold at the base of the stem and on the ground.

Geranium does not require leaf spraying. It's bad for her. Protect her from such a test.

Air temperature

Ideal temperature ranges from 18aboutFrom to 25aboutC. Geranium also tolerates extreme heat. 10aboutWith or slightly higher - optimal in the winter rest period, when the plant does not bloom.

Lighting

Pelargonium loves a lot of sun. In the house, the flower should be placed on the south, southwest or southeast window. Geranium will survive in partial shade, but it will not bloom violently and for a long time.

Geranium loves to loosen the soil. But this must be done carefully, to a depth of no more than five cm.

Geranium blooms well on the southern windowsill, she loves bright light and has nothing against direct sunlight

Top dressing

With the right soil, geraniums at home need feeding once a month. For flowering and a healthy look, it needs potash and phosphorus fertilizers. The flower also needs nitrogen. You can purchase special geranium products or use generic preparations for flowering indoor plants.

To prolong flowering, feed the geranium with iodine water once a week (a drop of iodine per liter).

Fertilizer is applied after the main watering, after about half an hour. The ground must be moist so as not to burn the roots. In summer, at the time of feeding, it is recommended to remove the plant from the sun and then hold it in partial shade for another 2-3 hours.

Pruning

In the spring, pruning of all shoots is carried out, no more than 5 growth buds are left. If time is lost, the procedure can be carried out in early autumn.

Pruning the plant will create a beautiful bush shape and encourage more bud formation.

How to plant geraniums correctly: the choice of capacity, requirements for the composition of the soil and other nuances

With proper care, geraniums can grow and bloom for 10-12 years, while retaining their decorative effect. How often should it be replanted? It depends on the rate of formation of the green mass. Rapid growth requires an annual plant transplant, slower growth every two years. The usual schedule for renewing a pelargonium pot is every 10-12 months.

How to choose a pot for geranium

Geranium does not tolerate much root space. If you plant pelargonium in a pot of significant volume, it may even die. It will definitely not bloom until the roots "master" the entire soil. Therefore, it is better to plant the flower first in a small container, and after a year change it to a large one. A pot with a diameter of 10–14 cm is suitable for one root, its height should not exceed 15 cm (ideally 10–12 cm). When changing the container, its diameter is taken into account, the new pot should be 1.5–2 cm larger than the previous one.

There should be drainage holes in the pot. The appearance of pelargonium roots in them is a signal for transplanting into a large container. An unglazed ceramic container is best suited. The bush feels good in it, grows and blooms. But there is one drawback: in earthenware, the soil dries out faster than in plastic. Therefore, it is required to increase watering frequency.

Photo gallery: choosing the right pot

Soil for pelargonium

Geranium is not particularly demanding on the quality of the soil. But for the comfortable development of the bush, loose and well-drained land is needed. The following formulations are optimal:

  • substrate for indoor flowers or universal soil mixed with the components necessary for geranium: perlite, vermiculite, river sand (the first two substances can be exchanged for peat and humus, taken in approximately equal proportions);
  • the top layer of soil from the garden (it is better to take it under bushes and trees);
  • sod soil, humus, coarse river sand (8: 2: 1).

Geranium grows well in loose soil, a drainage layer is required

When can geraniums be transplanted

Indoor flowers are usually finicky in terms of transplantation. Plants tolerate this stress better and easier in spring. Geranium in this sense does not make any special claims. Of course, the spring transplant is perceived by pelargonium as a natural process after winter rest and stimulates it to intensively build up green mass and further flowering. This period covers the end of February, the whole of March and the first ten days of April. After transplanting at this time, pelargonium will delight with lush flowers until the onset of frost.

If the deadlines are missed, you can make a transplant in the fall, in September-October. But if there are unambiguous signals that the plant needs an appropriate procedure (roots sticking out of the drainage hole, mold on the ground, disease), you can transplant at any time of the year. It is still very undesirable to disturb geraniums in winter and at the time of flowering.

Features of pelargonium transplant after purchase

Buying a geranium does not mean instant transplanting it from the shipping store soil. Over the past weeks, the plant has had to hastily adapt to the changing temperature and lighting several times, so you need to take pity on it and let it adapt to new living conditions. As a rule, it takes several weeks (from two to four) to get used to it. Then they act according to the algorithm:

  1. We take the pot a little more than the previous one.
  2. Preparing a fresh earthen mixture.
  3. We transfer the plant into a new container, having previously slightly moistened the soil.
  4. We fill up the earth to the edges of the pot (do not tamp).
  5. Water carefully.

Pelargonium acquired in winter is recommended not to be touched until spring or at least until mid-February. At rest, the plant will not tolerate such a test. If you bought a blooming geranium, then it is better to wait until the buds fall off.

The purchased geranium must be carefully examined before transplanting.

Before transplanting, carefully inspect the root system of the plant. Healthy roots are completely entwined with an earthen ball. Shaking off the substrate and rinsing them is necessary only if rot, diseases or insects are found. In other cases, the whole earthen lump is moved into new soil. Young roots will receive all the necessary nutrients from it.

Some amateur flower growers violate the generally accepted rules for transplanting purchased geraniums. They immediately carry out the above procedures with her, believing that there is no need to wait and it is better to immediately subject the plant to all tests, and not stretch them for a month.

How to plant geraniums without roots

You can plant a sprig of geranium without roots. The ideal time is spring or early autumn. This is usually done like this:

  1. A branch of geranium 5-7 centimeters long with two to five leaves is cut off at a right angle.
  2. Warm settled or boiled water is poured into a transparent glass.
  3. A geranium stalk is placed in the water. It needs to be changed every 2-3 days. To speed up the rooting process, dissolve succinic acid in the liquid (250 ml tablet) or add a little biostimulator - Epin, Zircon, Kornevin (2-3 ml per liter).

Prolonged maintenance of the future pelargonium bush in water can cause rotting of the part dropped there. To prevent this, you can put an activated carbon tablet in the container.

A geranium stalk is dipped in water for the appearance of roots

Most flower growers do not dip the cutting into water, but immediately root it in a prepared pot with an earthen mixture. After cutting, the cuttings are dried at room temperature for about two hours. Then they are seated in transparent plastic cups filled with universal soil for flowering indoor plants or peat chips. The type of geranium affects the way of rooting: zonal quickly gives roots in water, fragrant - in the ground, royal also prefers soil, but the process is slow.

A geranium stalk can be immediately planted in an earthen mixture, the probability of rooting is very high

Dishes with future bushes are placed in a well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight. Ivy and zoned geraniums are ready for potting in 10-15 days, the royal one will take a month. Transparent cups are good because the appearance of roots can be quickly noticed - they reach the walls of the dishes in a few days. Another criterion for the success of the procedure is the appearance of a new leaf.

Is it possible to transplant flowering geraniums

Any plants during flowering spend a lot of energy on bud formation and seed ripening. During such a period, it is better to regret the geranium, to strengthen the feeding, and not to expose it to additional stress. Otherwise, the flowers will first fall off, then the leaves will turn yellow. The plant may even die. It is recommended to wait until the end of flowering and transplant pelargonium after 5-10 days.

If there is an urgent need to transplant geraniums into a new pot at the time of flowering (they dropped or damaged the plant, the bush got sick), then this can still be done. It is necessary to try to transfer the pelargonium into a new container without damaging the roots, without destroying the earthen lump. The flowers, of course, will fall, but the geranium will survive.

Features of plant care after transplantation

Geranium transplanted into a new pot does not need feeding for the first two to three months. She will take all the nutrients from fresh soil. Therefore, the pelargonium bush only needs timely watering as the soil dries up. It is important to ensure optimal temperature performance and proper lighting. After the appearance of new leaves and the growth of a rooted cutting, the pelargonium is pinched so that it does not stretch up, but bush.

Step-by-step instructions for boarding and transferring

Before starting work on transplanting or planting geraniums, you need to prepare everything you need: a pot, scissors, an earthen mixture, a watering can with warm water. If you decide to use not a new dish, but the one in which another flower grew, it must be soaked for a day in bleach for disinfection or boiled. Then rinse thoroughly in running water and dry. Further, the actions are carried out according to the algorithm:

  1. At the bottom of the pot we put brick chips, pieces of foam or expanded clay. You can use broken pieces of pottery, crushed stone and gravel. The thickness of the drainage layer is about 1–2 cm.

    Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot

  2. We water the geranium, wait for the water to be absorbed. Then we take out the plant along with a clod of earth. To do this, turn the pot upside down, holding the pelargonium by the trunk at the base. With the other hand we grasp the container and pull out the plant. You can gently tap the bottom with your palm.

    The moistened soil is easily removed from the pot along with geranium roots, they try not to destroy the earthy lump

  3. We examine the roots of the extracted plant. Areas affected by rot, other damaged tissues are cut off with a sharp disinfected knife or scissors.

    Examine the roots of the plant carefully, remove all areas with suspicious traces

  4. Carefully place the rhizomes in the prepared pot on the drainage layer. Fill the voids with soil and slightly compact. To the top of the container, it is necessary to leave two centimeters of empty space so that when watering the water does not overflow over the edge.

    Move the earthen ball to the prepared pot

  5. Water the plant and remove it in partial shade for about a week. After seven days, place the geranium in its permanent habitat.

    Choosing a suitable place for geraniums - sunny and warm

Video: how to transplant geraniums into another pot

How to rejuvenate geraniums with a transplant

Geranium feels good in one pot for several years. But a three-year-old plant may already need updating. It is better to rejuvenate the pelargonium bush in the spring, in March-April. To do this, cut the geranium, leaving about five points of growth on each shoot. This procedure helps to give the bush a beautiful shape and increase the number of buds in the future.

Pruning geraniums can extend the life of the bush

The second way to rejuvenate geraniums is to get seeds and grow a new plant from them. It is important to remember that if the pelargonium variety belongs to the F1 category (selection hybrid), then the desired result may not be achieved - the varietal characteristics of the mother plant will not be passed on to the descendants.

Obtaining geranium seedlings is a very troublesome business, at home this method is rarely used.

The third way is to divide the bush. To do this, the pelargonium is watered abundantly, after a day they take out a clod of earth from the pot and divide the roots into the required number of specimens. Then follow the instructions.

An adult geranium bush with a large rhizome can be divided into several smaller bushes

Possible transplant problems and solutions

The transplanted geranium is a big sissy. She is subject to many dangers. They all come from improper care of the "newborn" flower. Water the plant along the edge of the pot, not at the root. The soil must be loosened especially carefully and shallowly. The first week after transplantation for geraniums there is a dangerously active sun, it needs light partial shade.

Sometimes in pelargonium the leaves change color, lose their tone. Why does geranium turn yellow after transplanting? This is the plant's response to stress experienced. It is necessary to pinch them off and remove the inflorescences. After two to three weeks, pelargonium will return to normal. For prevention, you can pour a solution of Kornevin, Heteroauxin. They stimulate root formation.

Geranium is the favorite of many flower growers. Growing it up is not a tricky business. With proper care, an entire garden of pelargoniums can be planted. They bloom beautifully and profusely, their aroma neutralizes microbes in the room and has a beneficial effect on human life activity.

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Geranium is a familiar stranger: varieties, planting, cultivation, care and reproduction

Home page »Geranium - a familiar stranger: varieties, planting, cultivation, care and reproduction

Geranium (Latin for Geranium) is known by the name “pelargonium”. It is a perennial herbaceous or semi-shrub plant belonging to the Geranium family and genus. The genus includes about 400 species of geraniums. They settled on many continents, found in all climatic zones of the world, even on such remote islands as Madagascar and New Zealand. Some representatives of the species can be found in high mountain areas.The most beautiful representatives of the family are the genus Pelargonium. It is distributed only in the tropical zone and became the progenitor of indoor geranium.

Geranium has long been loved by our grandmothers and takes its place on the windowsills of windows and balconies. In Soviet times, this plant was considered philistine. They only called him "crane". The name of the plant is translated from Greek as "crane". Similarly, it is called in England and the United States. In Germany, the plant is known as the "stork nose", a name given to it for the shape of the capsule that forms after flowering. In Bulgaria, due to its medicinal properties, geranium is called "health resort".

  • antiseptic
  • antiviral
  • tanning and other properties.

To preserve the decorative effect of the bush and lush, long flowering, you need to know how to cut geraniums. In this article, we will describe in detail how to properly grow geraniums at home.


In addition to our article, we recommend that you watch a video on how to properly transplant geraniums from the garden in the fall.

Pelargonium, which has firmly established itself on the windowsills of our apartments, comes from the South African savannahs. And like all Africans, she loves the sun very much, warmly and negatively refers to too nutritious and too wet soil, because rains in the savannah are rare, and the land is very poor.

In indoor floriculture, three types of pelargonium are known: zonal, royal and ampelous. It is zonal, or garden geraniums that are planted in flower beds in the spring. They bloom for a very long time and reproduce without problems by cuttings. Royal, or royal pelargoniums are more whimsical. Their flowers are larger and more original than those of the zonal ones, but the flowering time is shorter, it is more difficult to propagate the royal pelargonium. Ampel geraniums are the most delicate and difficult to care for. But in general, pelargoniums are not very demanding on conditions and flowers grateful for good care.

The features of a southerner must be taken into account when caring for home. Move Pelargonium sills to the south, east, or west. Plant it in a cramped pot so that it blooms better, give it a not very oily soil with a good drainage layer. When the plant is growing and blooming, water a lot, but infrequently. In winter, pour less water, only slightly moistening the soil.

Indoor geranium is good for pinching and pruning. Be sure to remove wilted stalks so that new ones appear.

But do not rush to transplant pelargonium from pot to pot. This plant is not prone to changing places. After a seemingly harmless operation, it can turn yellow and mope so that resuscitation is required.

I must say that cuttings of pelargonium (with the exception of some particularly delicate varieties) root very readily in light soil, the survival rate is almost 99%. And for those in the remaining 1 percent, inventive growers have come up with the most incredible rooting methods.


How to get cuttings from a mother plant?

In order to get a healthy flower with a powerful root system, a large number of flowers, geranium must be propagated correctly and only from a healthy mother flower. To properly cut plants, you need to adhere to some rules.

  • You need a sharp knife, which is pre-treated with alcohol. Otherwise, you risk damaging the cutting, and as a result, its root system will develop slowly.

  • Cuttings should be cut at a 90 degree angle (right angle) to the main stem. At the time of cutting, there should be at least three leaves on the handle. If the variety is tall, then the length of the cutting should be from 5 to 7 centimeters. For low varieties of sufficient length, there will be a cutting of up to 4 centimeters. It is desirable that the cuttings taken do not have inflorescences or buds. Otherwise, the root system on the cutting will develop slowly and take root in the ground for a long time.

And one more recommendation: when grafting from an adult plant, it is the upper shoots that are cut off. Then the shoot is placed in water, preferably in an opaque container, since the roots of the plant love darkness. When the sprout has a fairly strong root system, it can be transplanted into the ground.

In order for the plant not to die and bloom for a long time, it is necessary to make optimal conditions and proper care for it. The container with the handle must be put in a sunny place, the water must be changed once every 2 days.


How to transplant geraniums - step by step instructions

Knowing what kind of land is needed for geraniums, they begin to transship the plant. It is better to figure out in advance how to transplant geraniums at home step by step and prepare everything you need.

In addition to moving an indoor flower from one planter to another, they are often transplanted into open ground in the spring and transferred back with the onset of autumn.

At home from one pot to another

Handling home geraniums is easy. The procedure consists of the following steps:

  1. A drain is placed at the bottom of the container.
  2. A little earth is poured on top of the drainage layer.
  3. The flower is carefully removed from the previous pot along with the root ball.
  4. The plant is placed in a new planter, filling the voids with soil mixture.

After the transplant is completed, the flower is returned to the same place. The first watering is carried out no earlier than 3-4 days later.

In open ground

With the correct movement of geraniums into open ground, the perennial decorates the site with abundant flowering. To make the plant feel comfortable in the garden:

  1. The soil in a selected well-lit area is dug up with the addition of compost mixture.
  2. A small planting hole is prepared, with a depth equal to the height of the pot, which contains the flower.
  3. The plant is carefully rolled over to a new place and the earth is compacted around it with your hands.
  4. The transplanted geranium is watered abundantly with settled water.

Additional Information! When planting cuttings in the ground, they are buried 2-3 cm.The distance between them should be at least 25 cm.

From open ground to a pot in autumn

For wintering, geraniums are returned to room conditions. You should figure out how to plant geraniums in a pot in this case.

Inspection of the roots avoids the introduction of insect pests into the house

After a thorough inspection:

  1. The land around the bush is watered.
  2. Prepare a pot with drainage and a small layer of earth.
  3. The flower is removed from the soil along with the root ball.
  4. The soil is carefully removed from the roots, examined. At the same time, strongly overgrown, non-viable tips are cut off.
  5. Geranium is moved into a pot, sprinkled with soil and carefully tamped.

A flower that has spent the summer outdoors is transferred to a well-lit place with minimal shading. It is also advisable to trim the shoots to a length of 20 cm to help the geranium get used to the new environment.


Rooting obtained from the appendage of geranium

When the roots appear, the shoot can be transplanted into a container with soil, and then just continue to look after it like an adult specimen. This approach has some disadvantages. Certain varieties, such as king geraniums, can get sick or start to rot. This is due to the fact that rooting takes about 35-40 days.
Rooting is best done directly into the ground. A mixture prepared from three components - sand, vermiculite and universal soil - is poured into the flowerpot. Drainage holes are preliminarily made in the container. The day before transplanting, the soil is watered with a solution of potassium permanganate prepared from hot water. Holes for one shoot are made in the center, and if there are more cuttings, then they should be located closer to the edges of the pot.


What to do after?

Dormant period

Geranium, with proper care, can bloom all summer. Therefore, she needs to provide a rest of 1.5-2 months. During this period, the plant cannot be watered and fed. If geranium is grown in the garden, then it is better to transplant it into the house for the winter.

Pruning

Experienced gardeners recommend pruning geraniums every spring. This must be done so that every year she pleases with abundant flowering. It is advisable to pinch the tops of the shoots. They are ideal for further rooting and new plants.

Transfer

Geranium refers to plants that do not tolerate transplanting well. Therefore, it should be transplanted only in extreme cases.

  • If the pot has become small and the roots are cramped in it. It is better to choose small pots, because abundant flowering can only be obtained in cramped containers.
  • The plant began to wither.
  • Geranium does not bloom and does not develop well.
  • The roots of the flower are sticking out and bare.

Do not replant if the plant is in bloom. Instead, you can occasionally renew the topsoil.


Watch the video: Biggest Mistakes Made When Starting Seeds Indoors