How to care for your home orchid

How to care for your home orchid

Such a tropical plant as the orchid has long been an excellent decoration for homes and apartments. It is also widely used in the interior design of offices and shopping centers. There are florists who successfully grow dozens of various orchids (and even more) in their apartment. It is very easy to understand such flower growers, because a blooming orchid looks very impressive. Each of the varieties of this flower has something unique, original. Bushes can vary both in color and size, and in shape. And when a florist acquires a new orchid, he is convinced that it is more beautiful than all those in his collection. But this is until he has another copy.

The main problems in growing orchids

Despite the fact that you are the owner of only one orchid bush so far, you need to know how to care for it so that it does not die, but pleases you with its flowering for a long time. It should be remembered that if you provide such an epiphyte with proper care, then there will be much fewer problems in the process of growing it.

At the same time, do not forget that problems with such a plant most often arise only from the fact that the grower does not adhere to the rules of caring for it.

Orchid leaves turn yellow

Most often, flower growers note that the leaves of such a flower begin to turn yellow. It should be remembered that for each of the plants at a certain time, the leaves change their color to yellow and begin to dry out, which is an absolutely natural process. Examine the bush. In the case when old leaf plates, which are usually located at the very bottom, become yellow, then you should not worry. Thus, the orchid is renewed. Only after the leaf is completely dry, it will need to be carefully removed.

However, in the case when the yellowing touched the young leaves, we can say that the plant is painful. As a rule, it gets sick due to improper watering:

  1. If the soil is waterlogged, then rot can quickly appear on the root system, which will lead to yellowing of the foliage.
  2. In the event that the earthen lump is overdried, then the leaf plates of the orchid will begin to fade. In this case, the same result will be if the room has excessively low air humidity, and the grower does not regularly spray the foliage from the sprayer.
  3. In winter, the leaves of the bush may begin to turn yellow due to the fact that a draft affects it. Also at this time it is not recommended to keep the orchid near a window or in a room where it is relatively cold. Leaves turn yellow due to strong cooling or freezing.
  4. If in the summertime direct sunlight falls on the foliage, they can burn them. As a result, yellow or brownish spots remain on the surface of the leaf plates.

Orchid root problems

If the orchid is not looked after as it should be, then problems with its root system may well begin. Examine the roots. If they became slimy and became lighter in color or darkened (became dark brown), then this instance was watered incorrectly.

In the event that you think that the plant should receive as much moisture as in the wild during rainstorms, then you should remember a few important facts. The fact is that after the downpour has passed, all the water is absorbed into the soil or flows down from the bark of trees, but does not stay in it for a long time. Therefore, the roots of the orchid absorb as much water as they need. That is, the roots are not constantly in the water. If, in indoor conditions, such an epiphyte is watered "from the heart", then the water will stagnate in the substrate, from which the roots will begin to rot. In the event that you find clear signs that the flower has suffered from abundant watering, then urgent measures must be taken. Experts advise to transplant this flower into a new substrate, while you should carefully examine the root system and cut off all rotten and diseased roots.

Also, do not forget that this tropical plant needs moisture. In this regard, try not to forget regularly, or rather, every morning, spray its foliage from a spray bottle. To do this, it is necessary to use lukewarm water, which must be filtered or defended.

Orchid does not bloom

It is not so rare that flower growers note that their "beauty" for some reason does not want to bloom. In most cases, there is such a situation when flowering has already been observed several times, but when the next period of dormancy has ended, the orchid for some reason does not release a peduncle.

Most often, this problem occurs when the flower does not have enough light. As a rule, it is in winter time that the illumination is rather scarce. At this time of the year, most orchid species have a dormant period, which explains the lack of flowering. Phalaenopsis are recommended to provide supplementary lighting using artificial lighting. In this case, they will continue to bloom further.

Carefully cut the peduncle after the end of flowering, it will be possible only after it is completely dry. However, if it does not dry out and at the same time has a green or pale brown color, then most likely, after some time, young flower buds will form on it.

What to do when this epiphyte does not want to bloom anymore? Such a plant needs stress. In order for the buds to be laid in room conditions, orchids need a temperature of no higher than 10-12 degrees, and at this time it must be watered rather poorly. However, it is by no means possible to drastically lower the air temperature and reduce watering. This should be done gradually. It should be remembered that this plant in such a period needs a difference between night and day temperatures. So, in the daytime you need warmth, while at night it should be 10-12 degrees cooler. The result of this plant maintenance should be the laying of a flower bud.

If you take care of the orchid in this way for 4-6 weeks, then in most cases your efforts will be crowned with success. As a rule, during this time, the budding should have already occurred. In the event that the buds still did not appear, it is necessary to carefully remove the flower from dormancy. This requires a gradual increase in temperature. You need to water the orchid more and more.

In the event that this epiphyte has not bloomed after 6-12 months, then you should not worry too much about this, because a young peduncle can form in about 24 months.

Orchid pests and diseases

Such flowers are quite resistant to diseases and pests, but problems do happen anyway. Most often, rot appears on the plant. It is formed due to waterlogging of the soil and the plant itself. So, if you break the watering regime and make it more abundant or frequent, and also significantly increase the number of sprays, this can lead to rotting of the root system, as well as leaf plates (especially their bases) and bulbs. In this case, the plant is not easy to cure. The affected area must be carefully cut out with a very sharp disinfected knife along with a part of healthy tissue. Then it is necessary to process the cut with a special solution with bactericidal properties, which can be bought quite easily. The substrate and container should be replaced, while the pot, if desired, can be boiled well.

Of the harmful insects, mealybugs and spider mites most often start on the orchid. If there are not enough of them, then you can try to get rid of them with the help of a solution of soap, which you need to wipe the leaf plates 2 times with an interval of 7 days. If the infection is very strong, then you need treatment with Aktar or Fitoverm.

Proper care of orchids - Everything will be good - Issue 31 - 08/22/2012 - Everything will be fine

Proper home care for orchids

Illumination

For such a plant, illumination plays an important role. Light is needed diffused and there should be a lot of it. In this regard, the flower should be placed on the lightest window (except for the southern one). However, it must be remembered that it must be protected from direct sunlight.

How to water

Despite the fact that such plants are tropical, too frequent and abundant watering can greatly harm them. In the wild, most species of such plants do not grow on soil, but on trees, clinging to their bark with their roots. Such epiphytes take moisture from the tree bark, which flows down after rain, but does not accumulate. In this regard, such flowers should be watered sparingly. Between waterings, the substrate should dry out well, and care must be taken that the roots are not constantly in the water. You can often moisten the leaves from the spray bottle, but make sure that the liquid does not end up on the flowers, as in this case specks will appear on them and they will turn dark. Orchids such as Phalaenopsis, Cymbidium, Odontoglossum Pafiopedilum need more abundant watering. With extreme caution you need to water Dendrobium, Cattleya and Oncidium. Make sure the substrate is dry before watering them.

In summer, watering should be more abundant than in winter. With the onset of spring, when a period of intensive growth begins, the orchid should be gradually watered more and more abundantly.

You can use only watering through the pallet or alternate it with the usual one. So, you need to collect water in a container and put a pot in it. When the substrate is saturated with moisture, then the pot must be pulled out and at the same time wait until excess water flows out through the drainage holes.

It is also sometimes possible to completely submerge the pot under water, as a result of which the substrate and root system can be thoroughly rinsed out. After removing the pot from the liquid, wait until all excess is drained.

Spraying orchid

Such plants love high air humidity. To moisten the foliage, as well as for watering, you need lukewarm, well-settled water. Make sure that the humidity is not below 60 percent. If the air is much drier, then you will have to get a humidifier. And with moderate humidity, the orchid will have enough systematic spraying.

These flowers need fresh air. In this regard, systematic ventilation is needed. Remember that in this case it is imperative to remove the flower away from the window, as it does not tolerate a draft. Also keep the plant away from the airflow from the air conditioner while it is running. When the room is ventilated, remember to moisten the foliage of the flower with a sprayer.

Growing an orchid is easy. The main thing is to adhere to certain rules of care and pay more attention to this plant.

ORCHID Care from A to Z. | PHALAENOPSIS ORCHID CARE.


How to care for an orchid at home: growing features, watering and lighting, photo

Orchid is a beautiful flower that pleases with its unique flowering. By following all the rules for caring for a plant, you can enjoy its beauty for a long time. If you have purchased a flower, then you will invariably have a question: how to care for an orchid at home? In our article, we want to talk about all the nuances of the correct plant content.


Why orchids grow poorly

Orchids fascinate the views of many people with their beauty. But often they grow rather poorly. And this is primarily due to the imbalance of the main factors for the care of flowers. Therefore, it is required to bring them to the optimal ratio.

Periods for proper orchid care are conventionally divided into two groups: spring-summer and autumn-winter periods.

During the spring-summer period, the following activities are carried out for good plant growth:

  • during strong evaporation of moisture and in the heat, increase watering
  • significantly increase air humidity by spraying
  • intensively apply nitrogen fertilizers at the time of active growth of new shoots
  • the room is regularly ventilated to reduce high temperatures, and the plants are shaded from the scorching sun with various materials.

As for the autumn-winter period, the following measures must be taken to improve the growth of orchids:

  • for better ripening of shoots and flower buds, plants provide maximum sunlight
  • slightly reduce the temperature in the room for the establishment of flower buds
  • significantly reduce watering with mandatory drying of the substrate
  • increase the time interval of artificial lighting up to 10 hours daily
  • together with watering, they also reduce the number of sprays of orchids
  • the amount of fertilization is reduced to once a month, and using mainly potassium and phosphorus.

These recommendations are generalized for all cases. Specifically, for each individual example, you need to select your own basic rules for caring for orchids.

If you notice that your flowers do not grow well, then you need to take all the necessary actions, separated by time intervals. This is the only way to make the plant grow again and please you with flowering.


Partially cut

Partial pruning is a popular solution to the question "What to do with the orchid when it has faded?" This method works best with phalaenopsis.

Inspection of the stems can show that they have the same "dormant buds" from which the "baby" or lateral peduncle will appear. In this case, experienced flower growers cut the stem after it fades - not cleanly, but above one or several "promising" buds. Above them, you need to leave a process of 1–1.5 cm, otherwise the buds may dry out.

After a while, it will become clear what appears from the bud - a new flower shoot or "baby" (that is, leaves and aerial roots). By the way, a dry and cool microclimate will increase the likelihood of the formation of an arrow, and a wet and warm microclimate will increase the likelihood of "children".

However, if the faded phalaenopsis orchid is depleted, the stem on it begins to turn yellow. In this case, it must be removed to the lowest bud, inclusive: if it gives a new peduncle, this will lead to the final loss of the plant's strength and its death.


Answers to popular questions.

A novice florist always has a lot of questions about caring for a tropical beauty at home. Let's answer the main ones.

Why is it growing poorly?

If the orchid does not throw out new foliage, then you need to decide on the correct care. The orchid may lack light or nutrients when feeding. Or it is infested with pests.

Why doesn't it give new shoots?

Not enough nutrients or the flower is dormant.

How often does it bloom?

With good care, it can bloom for 10 months a year.

Caring for orchids is not difficult, just this delicate flower must be treated with attention. When cultivating a flower, you must not violate certain rules and then it will delight you with a magnificent long flowering.


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