Plant identification

Plant identification



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Saturday 23 January, I was given a composition of indoor plants, I need urgent advice, first of all what plants it is, I only recognized a bromeliad and a fittonia, the plant that seems to belong to the nocifera family. it has no "coconut" so I don't know what kind of plant it can be and the others I don't know what they are, and therefore I don't know what are the best conditions with which to preserve them, and then I wanted to know is the case to separate them immediately, or I leave them together , I'm worried because the fittonia is just below all the others, and it seems to me that it does not receive light.


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I attach photos of the composition hoping they will be useful, thank you in advance for your help.



Hi Silvia,

I looked carefully at the photos you sent me and in my opinion the composition is made up of a mottled leaf variety of Ficus benjamina(Photo 1) e Guzmania(Photo 2).

I assume that the little green plant that looks like "moss" (Photo 3) could be one Selaginellabut I'm not sure why the photo is unclear, compare it with the photos in the link I indicated.

What you think is a coconut are undoubtedly coconut leaves, Cocus nucifera (Photo 4). The fact that there is no walnut is not a discriminating factor because very often these compositions are formed by florists as if they were bouquets of flowers and therefore it may be that they are just leaves buried in the ground to decorate the composition, check.

The leaves in Photo 5 resemble those of oneDracaenaand even here you should check if the whole plant exists or are only leaves while the mottled red leaf of Photo 6 could be as you say one Fittonia.

Now, surely this is not the right time to repot but in my opinion, in consideration of these disgraces that unfortunately the traders make to sell (and I always hope that nobody buys them so they stop making similar obscenities with plants so much different from each other), I suggest you flare immediately and see how many of these have the roots then repot in single pots, following the technical indications given in the sheets I have indicated to you.

Keep me informed.

Dr. M. G. Davoli

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Often the plants that are considered weeds are actually delicious edible herbs, rich in minerals, nutrients and medicinal properties. It is good to learn how to identify herbs and make good use of them when needed. Many of these herbs can be sitting in your garden and others can be abundant in your region, making hiking a great way to get in touch with these herbs.


Books are one of the best resources for plant identification. Some herbal identification books are region specific and are put together by herbalists and other industry experts. Other ways to learn how to identify herbs are on the local plant walks offered by herbal schools and by taking an herbal course.


One of the main ways to identify a plant is by looking at its leaves. Some herbs, such as mugwort, will have a light gray hue on the back of the leaf, while others may have a round heart shape, such as violet.

Things to look for in a plant's leaves are whether the leaf is round or pointed if the edges are smooth or if they have small teeth how large the leaf is is how the pattern of veins and their color alternate.

Stems differ greatly between herbs. Each herb in the mint family will have a square stem and other herbs such as arnica have a round and hairy stem. Things to look for in a plant's stem are length, color, surface, shape and fibrous constitution when broken in half.


Not all herbs have a smell. Those which are called aromatic herbs and are commonly used for cooking and making tea. Smell is one of the most assertive ways to correctly identify a plant. Some well-known herbs are lavender, which like a sweet and floral scent, and rosemary, with a sweet, minty smell.

Attention to detail

There are a good number of herbs that look alike because they are a part of the same family. The more you study the more you will be able to pay attention to the details that differentiate one herb from another. Still, no matter how much you've studied, you may want to bring an identification chart or book anytime you want to collect. Some of the details that your identification book will indicate regarding specific herb descriptions may be a fuzzy, light green or white root on the back of the herb's leaves, branch distribution of the herb and more.

Never pick a herb unless you are 100 percent sure what it is, especially if you are going to eat or make medicine with it.

List of updates of January 4th 2005 & nbsp

Click on the plant code. (Click on "code").

The thing is quite simple, it is necessary to have the photos in digital format. Once you have overcome this problem you can send them to the email address below and we will publish them. In addition to the photos, send us all the information in your possession on the plant in question, such as age, size, etc.

A photo must contain one, and only one, plant to be identified. Photos containing multiple plants to be identified are not allowed.

The photos must be of good quality. By this we mean that they must not be blurry, blurry, dark, etc. And they must frame the plant to be identified in the foreground and as closely as possible.

Furthermore, the photo must not have one of the two measures less than 480 pixels.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, in order for you to be successful, the photos must be as clear as possible, they must frame the entire plant, giving at the same time the possibility of identifying some details. If this is not possible, a second photo would be necessary to frame the plant more closely. Remember that a plant is identified by as many details as they can be the thorns or the leaves, the shape, the ribs and last but not least the flower. The latter often removes any doubt about identification.
It is very important that the plant is an adult or has already flowered.
Of course, we must also deal with the heaviness of the photo (term used in Internet jargon that refers to the size of the image in terms of bytes). Let's say we can solve this together. You send photos in JPEG format but, as already mentioned, of good quality anyway no more than 300 KByte, then we will try our best to reduce them while maintaining an acceptable quality.

Please send photographs of ADULT PLANTS, possibly in bloom.

Please, send ADULT PLANTS photos, flowered is better.

The identification of woody weed plants

Woody weed has been a thorn in the side of gardeners and landscapers for years. Advances in herbicide technology and knowledge of how weeds grow allow today's gardeners to successfully eradicate woody weeds wherever they grow. However, the first step in treating any type of weeds is identification.


Identifying woody weeds, like many other plant species, is essentially an elimination process. The person making the identification often starts with obvious, unique structures of the plant, such as a flower or thorns, and work from there to create a list of characteristics. Qualified experts or people who do this for a living normally create mental lists and work backwards, eliminating any plants until a conclusion is reached about what the weed really is. However, novice gardeners or those who haven't done much identification should start systematically by jotting down every feature about the weed on a piece of paper. From here the list of features can be compared to horticultural encyclopedias or online databases to find positive identification.

What to look for

One of the most difficult challenges for inexperienced identifiers is knowing what to look for and make a note of. The first, and most obvious rule, is to take note of anything that catches the eye or looks weird (unique flower, interesting structure, thorns, etc). However, one of the best sources of plant feature is the leaf. Leaf analysis is a key component for identification and simply looking at the leaf can give a great deal of information. Measuring the leaf, analyzing the structure of the leaf and also determining how the leaves exit the main branch (relative to each other) is vital information. Total height and width of the weed can be important to note, but because weeds very rarely reach mature size and stop growing, these measurements can be misleading when used alone.


Woody weed identification, particularly when it comes to leaf analysis, often require the identifier to be familiar with horticultural terminology. For example, leaves that branch off the stem exactly opposite each other on the same spot are said to be "opposite" or "opposite" to "alternate". Shape Leaf is another area where horticultural terminology is rampant. Beginners should familiarize themselves with this jargon before proceeding to any horticultural encyclopedias. Thankfully, online identification tools will be able to describe these terms and display images to help identify.


One of the best places to start a woody weed identification is with your location. Each state has a list of weeds, which have been composed in both state and federal databases. By starting with a list of woody weeds that are the most problematic for a particular state or region, the person attempting identification can save a lot of time and effort. These lists are readily available online and in print.

Where to go for assistance

Sometimes, even after very thorough identification, it can be difficult to conclusively determine what a particular weed is. Fortunately, garden center experts and university co-op extensions are there to help everyday gardeners who are baffled in their endeavors. Gardeners and landscapers should bring a sample that includes, if possible, an area with leaves and flowers or any other distinctive markings. Pictures are always available, and a description of the area where the woody weed is growing can also be helpful.

Plant identification for children

Plant identification starts early, with young children appreciating beauty and color in something as simple as a flower pot. In preschool, children identify different types of plants and continue learning about plant identification for most of their school years.


Teaching children to identify plants fosters natural curiosity by providing useful information about the world. Safety rules on harmful plants keep children safe while they explore the outdoors. Hands-on plant study offers children a foundation for future scientific studies.

Learning Age

Teach children not to eat or touch unfamiliar plants, including fruits and berries. Children cannot identify much beyond basic categorization such as shrub, flower, or tree. Grade-schoolers enjoy identification plants by color, size, changes through the seasons and uses. Drawing and labeling plant parts helps children identify similarities and differences. They branch out with older children to study unusual plants, such as giant sequoias or sunflowers, or plants that live in difficult conditions.


Children love to play, so create some games based on plant identification. Possibilities include storing state flowers and trees, playing games with cut-out pictures from magazines or hires in your garden, and a plant version of corresponding "20 Questions". Point out subtle differences between similar plants to older children by focusing on flower shape, leaf arrangement, and flowering time.

Recognizing succulents: a guide to classification and identification

Giving a scientific name to a succulent plant, in other words correctly identifying a succulent plant, is anything but simple. The classification, in general the so-called taxonomy, is the prerogative of researchers, scholars, real enthusiasts and, in some cases, real maniacs of order.

In that boundless land that is the classification of plants - and in the specific case of succulents - there is often great confusion, to the point that it is not uncommon to witness the continuous re-naming of the same plant, first included in a genus, then placed in a another, then moved to yet another. Some plants are classified in a way by some researchers and in a different way by other scholars some tend to simplify and reduce the number of genera, others are inclined to divide the plants as much as possible, according to their peculiarities, into more genera , species, subspecies, forms and varieties. The diatribes between authors and researchers about the classification of this or that plant are on the agenda.

The common enthusiast, as well as the simple grower and the "collector" of succulents, just have to rely on tags accompanying the plants o attempt a classification by comparing the specimen with photographs found on the internet or in books (in this regard, in this section of the site I point out some useful for the classification of succulents).

Let's see, in the following article, how to orient yourself and what you need to know to begin to recognize, identify and classify succulent plants. We also learn how to distinguish a cactus from any other succulent plant and how to recognize the main succulent families. (...)

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Video: Simple plant identification procedure using MatLab