The benefits and harms of red beets for the human body

The benefits and harms of red beets for the human body

Beetroot is an annual, biennial and perennial plant. Belongs to the Amaranth family. Beet has 13 species and only 2 of them are cultivated plants. It is bred in vegetable gardens to extract sugar and as a vegetable crop.

For many years, beetroot has occupied a worthy place in folk medicine, in cooking and in cosmetology. Now it is difficult to imagine a diet without its use in the preparation of various dishes. And this is justified, since the vegetable has almost all the necessary elements for the human body. In this article, we will talk about the benefits and dangers of a root vegetable.

Consider how many and what elements are contained in a vegetable, what it is used for, and in what quantities you can use it without fear of harmful effects.

The chemical composition of root crops

A wide range of chemical content of red beets. First of all, it is sugar in the form of glucose, sucrose and fructose. Also, the vegetable is rich in minerals: magnesium, calcium, iron, copper, manganese, zinc and other elements. Potassium is the largest - about 3.5%. Acids are found in the form of oxalic, tartaric, citric and malic acids.

Calorie content of red beet

The calorie content is small, only 49 kcal boiled per 100 g. And in its raw form it is even less, only 40 kcal per 100g. It contains 1.5% of raw proteins, 0.1% of fat, 8.8% of carbohydrates, and 0.7% of fiber. This suggests that the vegetable has beneficial properties, both raw and cooked, especially for people on a diet. The vegetable contains a large amount of vitamins - A, C, E, PP and vitamins of the "B" subgroup.

Benefits and harm to humans

Benefit for health

Due to its favorable biochemical composition, it is useful for people with various diseases:

  1. For chronic constipation. Since beets contain fiber, organic acids and a number of other elements, it has a fruitful effect on metabolic processes in the body; relieves the body of putrefactive bacteria through the action of various acids, and is a "cleaner" of the body;
  2. With obesity and liver disease. The root vegetable contains the lyotropic substance betaine, which regulates the fat content in the human body. In addition, betaine prevents the penetration of chemical substances into the liver;
  3. With atherosclerosis and hypertension. Magnesium helps in the treatment of these diseases;
  4. As a laxative, diuretic;
  5. With anemia. The vegetable is useful for restoring blood flow, as it contains trace elements responsible for these processes.
  6. During pregnancy, women. Phyolic acid has a fruitful effect on the formation of the fetal nervous system;
  7. With diseases of the thyroid gland. Beets, like no other product, have a high iodine content, and the use of this vegetable helps in the treatment of such diseases;
  8. When following a diet. Due to the fact that beets are a low-calorie product, they are consumed in any beet diet.

Usefulness is determined by two criteria. First, it contains a whole table of Mendeleev's elements.

Beets contain a unique collection of trace elements, which cannot be found in any other product in such a collected form.

Secondly, the vegetable contains many substances that are not destroyed during cooking: the benefits of boiled vegetables are no less valuable than raw ones.


Beets contain a rich spectrum of all kinds of trace elements and amino acids. With excessive use of this vegetable, in addition to benefits, it can also harm some people prone to the following diseases:

  • Diabetes. Sugar is contraindicated for diabetics, and its high content in beets;
  • Urolithiasis disease. There is oxalic acid in beets, and with such a disease it is contraindicated;
  • Diarrhea. The vegetable itself is a laxative when consumed;
  • Osteoporosis. With the use of root vegetables, the absorption of calcium decreases.

In most cases, beet juice should be mixed with other juices to avoid indigestion, headaches, and nausea.

The benefits of leaves

Let's take a closer look at what is the use of this amazing product, starting with the tops (leaves). The tops contain many trace elements with beneficial properties. It contains more vitamins than the root vegetable itself. One of these vitamins is the U microelement, which is indispensable for stomach ulcers.

In early spring, when salads and early cabbage have not yet grown on the beds, young leaves will completely replace these vegetables and replenish the human diet with vitamin dishes. Some families still have traditions in the preparation of the first course - rich borscht and botvinia, where the main ingredient is tops.

The benefits of juice for the body of women

The juice is widely used in alternative medicine, both for internal and external use. It is useful, first of all, by the presence of the B-group vitamin. As you know, this category of vitamins directly affects the internal organs and the nervous system.

The juice contains elements such as iron, potassium, magnesium and others. They directly help blood flow in the human circulatory system, increase hemoglobin, and remove toxins. The presence of iodine has a positive effect on the removal of radionuclides and stimulation of the thyroid gland.

Chlorine removes toxins and cleans vessels, acting as a cleaner.

Fresh natural juices are beneficial for the body due to the content of organic acids. They, in turn, have a beneficial effect on the immune system, strengthening it.

The element arginine slows down the growth of tumor neoplasms, providing a therapeutic effect. Thus, the juice is a side effect in the treatment of oncology. The juice is used for external use for skin diseases. Also, many people use beet juice for skin rejuvenation and health.


And now about the contraindications, of which there are not many. But still, in this case, it is better not to eat the root crop. You can not eat beets in any form with low blood pressure, diarrhea, diabetes and individual intolerance.

Fresh vegetable application

In cooking

The most famous dish is borscht. Unforgettable herring under a fur coat on New Year's Eve, as well as a vinaigrette, which contains a storehouse of vitamins. In addition, other healthy and tasty salads are prepared with the addition of beets: with cabbage and onions, garlic and mayonnaise, with apples, prunes and others.

In cosmetology

Beets have long been known for their nutrients and appreciated by our beauties. The unique composition allows the vegetable to be included as a cosmetic remedy with great success. This reputation is justified by the following features:

  • Visible skin hydration due to the increased potassium content;
  • Thanks to vitamin C, collagen production is stimulated;
  • Cleansing the pores of the skin with curcumin;
  • Protection against pathogens;

If you wipe your face daily with beetroot juice diluted with water for two weeks, then the feeling of dryness will disappear without a trace.

All of the above methods have been tested in practice by a large number of people and are more effective and cheaper than many drugs bought in pharmacies.

The beneficial properties of beet juice are in the composition. It is rich in vitamins B1, B2, P, PP, C. There is almost no vitamin A in the beetroot, but there is a lot of it in the leaves. Beets contain a lot of iron and folic acid, which improves the formation of red blood cells, increases the level of hemoglobin, and, consequently, the supply of oxygen to cells.

The benefits of beets

Beets contain many vitamins and minerals. This vegetable holds the record for the concentration of boron and manganese. In terms of iron content, beets are second only to garlic. These trace elements activate the work of hematopoiesis and regulate metabolism.

The betaine found in this root vegetable is involved in the formation of choline, which improves liver function.

Beets are extremely useful for constipation and problems with intestinal flora. Pectin inhibits the activity of putrefactive intestinal bacteria and envelops the inflamed mucous membrane.

Beets are rich in organic acids: malic, citric and tartaric.

The energy value of beets is 42 kcal per 100 g due to the high sugar content.

The benefits and harms of beets

Beetroot is useful for men whose work involves hard physical labor. The vegetable increases the body's stamina. If you are a business person, your head is constantly tense and searching for solutions to problems, red beets will help you keep calm and poise.

For sexual activity, the vegetable will come in handy. You need to eat it raw - this way the benefits will be maximum. The juice of the plant helps in the prevention of prostate adenoma.

Men are prone to such a bad habit as drinking alcohol. If you had a good rest the day before, and in the morning you feel worse than ever, then beet juice will ease the symptoms of a hangover.

As for women, beets will help those who constantly monitor their figure. It nourishes the body, promoting weight loss. Beets also have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin, hair and nails.

Pregnant women not only can, but also need to introduce beets into their diet. Calcium, iodine and vitamins will strengthen the body of the expectant mother. And as soon as the baby is born, do not stop using it. The vegetable will help you quickly recover from childbirth.

When breastfeeding, it is best to stick to boiled beets. Useful substances remain, but are better absorbed.

Important! The body of a woman during the period of bearing a child is extremely unpredictable. After the first consumption of the vegetable, monitor the reaction of your body. Are there any rashes on the skin, are you nauseous. If everything is normal, continue taking, but in reasonable amounts.

Beets are very useful for schoolchildren, especially first graders and graduates. It is this category of children that are subject to maximum stress. Parents are strongly encouraged to cook beetroot-infused dishes for dinner, or season them on their own as a salad or appetizer.

Beets are allowed for children from six months. But it is better to wait until the age of one year. If your child categorically refuses to eat this vegetable, then it is not time yet.

Note! Make sure there are no allergies.

Usefully everything is clear, now about the dangers.

If you have frequent loose stools, beets are best avoided. This is especially true for pregnant women. The vegetable has a laxative effect, flushing nutrients out of the body. If you suffer from constipation, then beets will help to cope with the problem in a short time.

With urolithiasis, the disease will go into an exacerbation phase if you consume beets.

The use of red beet in traditional medicine

mix freshly squeezed beet juice (50g) with 1 teaspoon of honey. Drink the mixture before meals.

  • To treat a common cold at home:

beet juice (preferably sour, fermented) is instilled into the nose 2-3 drops 3 times a day. When using fresh juice, let it sit in the refrigerator for 2 hours, then dilute with warm water in a 1: 2 ratio.

  • When treating ulcers, cracks:

freshly grated beet gruel, wrapped in bandage or gauze, is applied to the affected areas. You can change the applique as it dries.

  • For teenage acne:

put grated beetroot gruel on your face for 20 minutes.

eating sauerkraut.

  • Vegetable multi-juice for anemia:

Wash and peel the root vegetables of red beets, carrots, radishes and pass individually through a juicer. Multi-juice is prepared from the obtained juices in equal proportions. Take 2 tablespoons daily before meals. spoons for two months. In order to preserve all the properties useful for the body, the juice must be freshly prepared.

  • For liver diseases, beet broth is prepared:

Wash 5-6 medium root vegetables, peel, cut into pieces and cook until the broth thickens. Take 40 g 3 times a day before meals.

  • The benefits of beets for slimness:

To maintain a good figure and as a general healing agent, it is good to use jelly based on oatmeal, beets and prunes.

Cooking recipe: oatmeal, beets and prunes (2 tablespoons each) are poured with two liters of boiling water and simmered for 15 minutes, cooled, filtered. It is advisable to drink the resulting broth during the day.

For general strengthening of the body, such jelly can be used at the rate of 2 liters for 2 days.

Kissel is suitable for fasting days.

  • Also, to maintain your figure in good condition, you can prepare a healthy beet kvass:

peel 8-10 medium-sized root vegetables, cut into small pieces, fold into a 3-liter jar. Pour warm boiled water up to the neck, add a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar, cover the jar with gauze. Kvass will be ready in 5 days. As it is consumed, it can be topped up with water until it retains its bright beetroot color. They drink kvass daily for 1 glass, adding a teaspoon of honey to it.

It is interesting!

Early gray hair sometimes occurs due to a lack of copper in the body. Beets contain 140mg of copper per 100g of mass. A person needs only 1-3 mg per day for the process of hematopoiesis and interstitial oxidation. The inclusion of beets in the diet will help to avoid early gray hair.


There is no doubt that beet juice, when used correctly, has a positive effect on a number of body functions. However, opinions on the medicinal properties of the root crop and its role in the treatment of certain diseases are versatile.... It is difficult to give an accurate assessment of its effectiveness, because the result depends on the characteristics of the patient's body and the etiology of the disease.

In addition, in the composition of the root crop there are no substances of synthetic origin, unlike medicines, therefore the effect of the use of beet juice is cumulative: it requires long-term and regular use.

What patients say:

Olga: “Recently I had a cold, I had a severe paroxysmal cough. On the Internet, I found information that beets help get rid of cough. I decided to try it, it won't get any worse. Already on the second day, coughing attacks became less frequent, sore throat and perspiration decreased, it became easier to swallow. I liked the result and continued the treatment. On the seventh day, the cough was completely gone. Beet juice helped me a lot. I recommend taking notes as a natural remedy. "

Matvey: “I cannot appreciate the benefits of beets in relation to other diseases, but with hypothyroidism, they are completely useless. I admit it as a prophylactic agent, but I do not recommend it for treatment. After a course of drug therapy, he decided to improve the condition of the thyroid gland and for a month he drank a glass of freshly squeezed juice of beets and carrots a day. When I retaken the tests, the indicators remained at the same level. Plus - I did not notice any side reactions, my sleep and mood improved ”.

Interesting recipes

Raw beets you get wonderful vitamin salads: one continuous benefit and no harm!

You need to choose a large mature root vegetable, peel it and grate it on a fine grater. Chop the filling apple on a grater with large cells, and finely chop the onion.

Combine everything, season with caraway seeds, horseradish, chopped to the state of gruel, chopped herbs, lemon juice. Season with vegetable oil and serve on fresh lettuce leaves.

Recipe for making beetroot salad with apricot from the "Simply tasty" program:

You can use the Greek recipe: Take 4 small beets, peel, core and simmer in vegetable oil (20 g), combined with tomato paste (1 tablespoon), chopped onions (2 tablespoons) and an incomplete glass of dry white wine.

Cool and stuff the root vegetable with grated apples and horseradish. Pour over the sauce in which the dish was stewed, serve.

Good and beetroot diet cutlets.

It is necessary to grate a large ripe bright burgundy vegetable stewed in water or milk on a fine grater, combine with 3 tbsp. l. semolina, raw egg, salt, mix.

Then form cutlets, create a "shell" of bread crumbs for them and fry.

An excellent product - beet kvasslong known for its health benefits and harmless if not abused.

Cut the raw vegetable into slices or squares, fill it with boiled water, cover it loosely (for limited air access) and let it brew for about 5 days.

If the herring is briefly immersed in this drink, it will enrich its taste and aroma.

Cabbage salad will acquire a spicy flavor, if its leaves are pre-scalded, salted and squeezed, pour kvass.

At the end of cooking, decorate the dish with parsley, adding a little chopped garlic and vegetable oil.

Beet juice is very good and for cooking okroshka.