Eschsholzia

Eschsholzia

The Eschscholzia plant, or Californian poppy, is a representative of the Poppy family. The genus includes about 12 different species that live in western North America.

The flower got its scientific name from the surname of von Eschsholz, a Russian botanist. It was thanks to him that the flower came to Russia. Because of its similarity to its relative, it is also known as the California poppy. The Spaniards also call the plant "the golden cup". According to legend, Spanish treasure seekers moored to the Californian coast, attracted by the golden glow emanating from it. But there, instead of piles of gold, they saw fields of golden escholzia flowers. Flowers and precious metal are also connected by another legend, according to which gold deposits appear in the places where the escholzia grew.

The enchanting delicate flowers of Escholzia make it a desirable plant in many gardens. The Escholzia plant is distinguished by its unpretentious care and the duration of flowering - it lasts from the beginning of the summer season until the autumn frosts.

Description of escholzia

Eschsholzia form herbaceous bushes up to 40 cm tall. Although this plant is considered perennial, in the middle lane it does not winter and is grown as seasonal. Escholzia has a taproot, from which smaller roots extend. This structure allows the drought-resistant plant to penetrate into deeper layers of the soil. The bush forms thin stems with deeply dissected foliage resembling wormwood, which is why Escholtia is sometimes called "wormwood". The leaves are silvery-green and are arranged on long stalks.

Silky flowers are arranged singly and have a cupped shape, reminiscent of a poppy flower. Their structure can be both simple and terry, and the color includes shades of yellow, white, orange and red. The size of the corolla reaches 8 cm. It is interesting that it is possible to admire the flowering of escholtia only in clear weather and during the day. On a rainy, too windy or cool day, as well as at night, the buds close. Although each flower only lives for a few days, their constant change ensures the continuity of flowering. After flowering, a pod-pod with small seeds is tied on the peduncle stem. Its dimensions can be about 3-9 cm.

Eshsholzia is a bright and unpretentious annual. Growing and care

Brief rules for growing escholzia

The table shows brief rules for growing escholzia in the open field.

LandingFlower seedlings can be transferred to the ground when the frost has completely passed. This time falls on April-end of May.
Lighting levelA dry and sandy area with good lighting is best suited for growing escholzia.
Watering modeWatering the plant is required only during periods of long drought.
The soilThe soil should not retain water, and its reaction can be neutral or slightly acidic.
Top dressingBefore budding begins, you can pour a mineral composition that includes all the elements necessary for flowers.
BloomThe active flowering period begins in early summer and lasts until mid-autumn.
PruningAfter flowering, it is necessary to remove wilted inflorescences and dried stems.
ReproductionSeeds.
PestsSpider mite, bean aphid.
DiseasesRot, powdery mildew.

Growing escholzia from seeds

There are two equally effective ways of planting Escholzia seeds - autumn and spring. With spring sowing, the flowering period occurs only at the beginning of summer. By planting the seeds of the California poppy before winter, and providing them with conditions as close to nature as possible, the flowering stage begins several weeks earlier.

Sowing seeds in autumn

The optimal time for sowing Escholzia seeds is the first half of October. Since the seeds of the Californian poppy are very small and can fly in all directions from gusts of wind, it is advisable to press them slightly into the ground when planting. Sprinkle on top with a small amount of soil and apply a mulching layer. It is needed to keep the soil moist and prevent the formation of a crust on the surface, which can slow down the germination of seedlings. And mulch also helps seeds, being in a humid environment, to undergo natural stratification and increase the percentage of their germination.

Seeds sown during this period contribute to early flowering, but only with high quality planting material and with all the rules for caring for the plant throughout the entire growing period. Eschsholzia will delight you with its flowering in early May.

Sowing seeds in spring

It is recommended to store Escholzia seeds at the very bottom of the refrigerator, on the bottom shelf, until spring planting. For even sowing and convenience, small seeds can be mixed with a little sand.

Sowing is carried out from mid-spring, when the soil warms up. Eshcholzia seeds are sown in warm weather, without night frosts, and after 10-15 days you can see the first shoots.

At this stage of plant development, it is important to thin them out in time. The first such procedure is carried out when the shoots grow up to about 15 cm. All weak plants must be removed, leaving strong and strong specimens. The distance between plants must be at least 20 cm.

Growing seedlings

Eschsholzia Sowing, cultivation

You can try to sow escholzia seedlings, but this method has a number of difficulties. Due to the taproot, the bushes are easily injured during transplantation, so peat tablets or pots should be used for growing them. Sowing dates are calculated so that the seedlings are transplanted to the final place of growth as soon as possible.

A seed is placed in each tablet soaked in moisture, and then sprinkled with a thin layer of seedling substrate and lightly sprayed. The tablets are placed in a plastic container and covered with foil or glass. The sprouts should appear in a couple of weeks. After their formation, the shelter is removed, and the container with the tablets is placed in a very bright corner, where it is kept no higher than 20 degrees. Such conditions will allow the formation of stronger bushes.

Caring for your Escholzia seedlings will not be difficult. The seedlings are periodically watered, and a couple of weeks after germination, they are fertilized with a liquid seedling compound. 3 weeks before the planting date, the plants should be hardened, once a day, transferring them to cool, first for a couple of hours, and then for a longer time. After proper hardening, the bushes will be able to withstand temperatures down to -5 degrees. Planting begins to bloom after 1-1.5 months after sowing.

Planting escholzia in open ground

Landing time and place

Escholzia prefers to grow in a sunny area, with abundant and long-term illumination throughout the day, without strong gusts of wind. A dry and sandy corner in the garden works well. The soil should not retain water, and its reaction can be neutral or slightly acidic. The acidic substrate can be supplemented with wood ash (2 tbsp. Per 1 sq. M.) Or dolomite flour (200 g per 1 sq. M.) While digging up the earth. The plant does not tolerate heavy, waterlogged and clayey soils. Knowing this feature, you can grow escholzia in rock gardens or rockeries, as well as in sunny flower beds. You can keep flowers in garden or balcony containers, but they will need to provide a sufficient layer of drainage there. Escholzia is also often one of the components of the Moorish grass lawn.

Flower seedlings can be transferred to the ground when the frost has completely passed. This time falls in April-end of May. Escholzia does not like transplants, damage to its long root can destroy the bush, so they immediately try to find the most suitable place for the flower.

Landing rules

Eschsholzia Planting and Care ✿ Tips from garden zoo

The seedbed is prepared in advance - about a couple of weeks before the procedure. This will allow the ground to settle slightly. Otherwise, small seeds may accidentally fall into the depths and not germinate.

For planting seedlings, medium-sized holes are prepared, maintaining a distance of about 30 cm between them: the escholzia forms rather spreading bushes. The seedlings are transferred into the hole along with a peat pot or tablet, sprinkled with earth and tamped well. If the seedlings did not have enough light, and they are slightly elongated, you can lightly sprinkle part of the stem with earth. Strong seedlings are planted at ground level. After planting, the seedlings are watered and checked for erosion of the sprinkled soil.

Escholzia care

Eschsholzia is considered one of the most unpretentious garden flowers, but you should not leave it at all without leaving. After planting, the area near the bushes must be loosened regularly, as well as periodically fertilized the plants. Flowers are undemanding to moisture and with regular rainfall will not need watering at all. Watering the escholzia is required only during periods of long drought - this is done in the evening, after the flowers close.

Loosening is important to ensure the flow of air to the long roots of the escholzia. Without it, they will start to wither. It is the lack of air that often causes the bushes to be lethargic, therefore, before watering them, it is important to check if a crust has formed on the ground. But you need to loosen the soil carefully so as not to hurt the roots. Usually this procedure is combined with weeding.

Top dressing will contribute to a longer and more lush flowering of the bushes. Before budding begins, they can be watered with a mineral composition that includes all the elements necessary for flowers. It can be replaced with ash infusion (1:10). It is important not to use fresh organic matter for fertilizing - it can destroy the plantings. Excess nitrogen will also be bad for flower health. During the summer season, mineral dressing can be repeated 1-2 times if necessary.

Echscholtia growing in the garden gives abundant self-seeding, therefore, to regulate its number, it is necessary to remove withered flowers. But such a procedure will have to be carried out quite often - the flowers stay on the plant for only about 3-4 days. If you cut off old stems from faded bushes, soon fresh shoots will appear on them, which will begin to form buds within a couple of weeks after regrowth.

Escholzia after flowering

Seed collection

If the Escholzia bushes are already growing on the site, you do not need to worry about their reproduction - the flowers are self-seeding. In the spring, you only need to thin out the emerging seedlings. If the escholzia are planned to be grown in another place or with someone to share the seeds, the seed can be harvested about a month after flowering. But it is worth remembering that the seeds of varietal bushes may not transmit parental characteristics.

Thin gauze bags are put on the withered flowers in advance, which will prevent the ripened seeds from spilling out. Usually, the earliest and largest flowers are chosen for this. After cutting the capsules, the seeds are dried on a sheet of paper and then sown in the fall or stored in the refrigerator until spring sowing. The germination capacity of such seeds lasts about 3 years.

Wintering

Eschsholzia are considered perennials, but they can winter only in countries with a mild climate. In regions with cold winters, they are grown as annuals or biennials. After frost, such bushes are cut from the garden and dig it up. In the spring, fresh growth should appear in this place - self-seeding. After thinning and feeding, such bushes can bloom in a month.

If desired, escholzia can be grown at home as a houseplant. Such bushes will be able to bloom even in winter. But in the cold season, a sun-loving flower will need additional lighting, extending its day to 12-14 hours. Indoor escholtia also need light soil, and half of the usual rate of flower fertilizers is used to feed them. The main thing is to choose a sufficiently large container where the long root of the plant will fit. Its height and width must be at least 18 cm.

Pests and diseases

Escholzia growing in a suitable place, which is properly looked after, practically does not get sick and is not affected by pests. If the bushes are weakened by something, in hot and dry summers they can be attacked by spider mites, which become active in such weather. A solution of soap and ash will help against them, and in advanced cases - acaricide. The processing is carried out several times. Sometimes bean aphids also appear on the bushes. Treatment with an appropriate insecticide will help get rid of pests.

Too much watering, combined with poor aeration, can lead to the formation of rot in the root area of ​​the bushes. All affected areas must be removed, and watering must be adjusted. Too strong lesions will require the destruction of the bush. If, due to excess moisture, powdery mildew appears on the escholts, the bushes and the plantings adjacent to them are treated with preparations that include sulfur.

Types and varieties of escholzia with photos and names

Despite the variety of types of escholzia, only three varieties of flowers are most often grown as garden plants:

Californian Eschscholzia (Eschscholzia californica)

The most common type. Eschscholzia californica is the official symbol of the state of the same name. This particular plant is known as the "Californian poppy". Such bushes have straight or branched stems up to 60 cm high. Shoots are thin, but strong enough. Due to the bluish bloom, they have a silvery-green color. On them are light dissected leaves of the same color. The sizes of the flowers, located one by one, sometimes reach 9 cm. Their color is white or cream, yellow, orange or carmine red. A yellow-orange speck is usually present at the base. Abundant flowering lasts from June to late autumn. In species specimens, the flowers are simple and golden, but breeders have managed to breed many spectacular double and multi-colored forms. Among the most famous varieties:

  • Ballerina Mix is ​​a mixture of varieties that combines both double and simple flowers. Their color includes various shades of yellow, pink and orange. The size of the flowers is from 5 to 8 cm with the height of the bushes about 25-40 cm. The openwork foliage is covered with a wax coating.
  • Mikado - the height of the bushes reaches 35 cm. The flowers have a simple structure and a diameter of up to 7 cm. The color is dark orange with a lighter yellow center, which creates the effect of a glow of flowers.
  • Peach sorbet ("Peach ice cream") - forms double flowers with a delicate cream color, including light tones of orange and pink.
  • Strawberry Fields ("Strawberry Fields") - the center of semi-double flowers of this variety is yellow in color, and the edges of the petals are bright red.
  • Chiffon is a mixture of various colors of double flowers with corrugated petals. Most often, such plants are used as border plants - the size of the bushes is about 40 cm.The color of the petals includes shades of pink, red, white and yellow, while they are variegated and multi-colored. Blooming of such escholzia begins in May and lasts until frost.
  • Apple blossom - large flowers with numerous petals have a delicate yellow-pink color. The height of the bushes is about 30 cm. The variety is considered frost-resistant.

Eschscholzia lobbii

California endemic, not so common in horticultural culture. The species forms bushes up to 15-20 cm tall. Eschscholzia lobbii is distinguished by light yellow flowers, the size of which is about 2 cm. In nature, it blooms in the spring.

Sod Eschscholzia (Eschscholzia caespitosa)

The height of such plants is also about 15 cm.Eschscholzia caespitosa forms a rosette of foliage cut into thin lobes. The leaf blades are covered with a waxy coating and have a bluish-green color. Above the rosette there are flower-stalks, on which there are bright yellow flowers in the shape of a bowl. Their diameter reaches 3 cm. Flowering lasts from June to the end of autumn. The species is suitable for pot cultivation.

Escholzia properties

Eschsholzia is not only beautiful, but also useful. All parts of the plant contain valuable substances. The Indians were well aware of its healing qualities, using bushes as a remedy for toothache. Parts of the plant were used for decoctions against head lice, cosmetics were obtained from pollen, and the seeds were even eaten.

Nowadays in America, escholzia is used as part of sedatives and pain relievers, suitable even for children, and the French are massively growing bushes for the needs of pharmaceuticals. Escholzia helps against insomnia, relieves anxiety and cramps, and also helps to cope with incontinence. The roots may have antimicrobial effects. The main advantage of plant-based preparations is the absence of significant contraindications and strong side effects: even being a relative of poppy, escholzia does not contain opiates. However, it should not be treated with parts of it without the supervision of a doctor.


Eschsholzia in the garden

author Semenov A., photo by author

Escholzia is a very beautiful and graceful flower of the poppy family, slightly reminiscent in appearance of its more famous and widespread relative, the poppy.

About a dozen species and many forms of herbaceous plants (perennials, annuals) native to North America belong to the Eshsholzia genus. These plants stand out for their bright and shiny flowers, as well as openwork deeply dissected leaves - gray-green with a waxy bloom.

An annual plant of the most famous and widespread species is cultivated in our gardens - Californian escholzia (Eschscholzia californica), popularly called "California poppy". In nature, it is a perennial, but in our harsh climatic conditions this species is grown as an annual.


Such different escholzia

In addition to the Californian escholzia, turfy escholzia is also grown in our country. It is a short, compact plant, reaching 15 cm in height. Its flowers are also small - about 3 cm in diameter. Californian escholzia, more common in our region, can be recognized by several features: bluish feathery leaves, large (up to 8 cm) single flowers with four thin delicate petals and a capsule fruit. Escholzia flowers close their petals at night and before inclement weather.

The wild form has flowers of yellow or orange color, but varieties with pink, red and white flowers have been bred for flower beds. Also, breeders have received varieties that have one-color and two-color double flowers with regular and cut petals, which can be from 5 to 10 cm in diameter. The most popular varieties of our region today are Wedding Bouquet, Tropicana, Plum Wine, Apple Blossom and Pink Chiffon.


SEEDING ESCHOLZIA

In order for Californian poppies to bloom in the garden in the early days of summer, pre-winter sowing is usually carried out or the seedling method is used. How it's done?

The plant propagates by sowing small seeds, which germinate easily in the soil, and during storage they remain viable for 2 years. If you intend to sow Escholzia immediately to a specific place, you need to choose an illuminated area where water will not stagnate. It is desirable that the soil is neutral or slightly acidic.

Since the seeds of Escholzia are very small, they are mixed with dry sand before sowing. Then it is sown on slightly compacted soil, after which it is watered. The first tender sprouts break through after 1.5-2 weeks. When true leaves form in young Echscholzia, the plants can be thinned out, leaving one for every 20-25 cm.

On a note

Escholzia is sown in open ground, starting from mid-April, and in autumn, before the onset of persistent frosts.

To speed up the start of flowering, plants are sown for seedlings from the second half of March to early April. If this is not done in time, the plant will quickly form a long and fragile taproot that can be easily damaged during transfer to the front garden. And one more thing: when preparing the soil for escholzia, it is worth considering that this plant may suffer due to the introduction of fresh organic matter into the soil, as well as excessive watering.


Escholzia planting and aftercare

You already know when to plant escholzia, now we will figure out how to transplant seedlings correctly so as not to destroy young plants. Dig holes in the prepared soil are quite large, if you grew seedlings at home, the size of the hole should match the size of the pot. After planting a young plant, compact the soil with your hand and pour with settled warm water.

If the seedlings have started well and the bushes have begun to grow and develop, you just have to wait for flowering, and it will come in just a month. Of course, escholzia will require some attention from you, otherwise the flowering will not be as intense and bright.

How to care for escholzia? The first thing you need is to often arm yourself with a hoe and loosen the soil. The roots of the plant need fresh air and good water permeability.

I hasten to please you - the escholzia almost does not need watering. Only if the summer is dry, and during the whole season there was only a few rains, you can pamper your pet with a warm shower.

Reapply the nutrients several times during the summer, making sure to do so after the rain. What to use? I do not advise using organic matter, even rotted. Escholzia responds with lush flowering to mineral fertilizing. It is better not to add dry mixtures - the preparation of the solution will not take so much time, but all the useful substances will immediately penetrate to the roots.

After flowering, remove the old shoots immediately - the uniqueness of the escholzia is that it will grow new shoots in a short time, and there will be no fewer buds on them than on the old ones. It won't take much time for flowering - after two weeks, golden bowls will open.

What else to tell? I think it will not hurt you to know how to stock up on excellent Aescholtia planting material. Usually this is not necessary - thanks to self-sowing next year you will get wonderful seedlings, but it will not hurt to have dumb seeds in reserve.

Wrap the most beautiful and largest flowers with gauze, wait for the seed capsule to form and ripen, and then cut it off along with the cloth. At home, pour the contents of the tissue bag onto paper, dry it and can send it for storage - for at least three years, you will be provided with planting material with excellent similarity.

I am sure that when you see how easy it is to cope with the cultivation of escholzia, you will certainly not only ennoble the site yourself with an amazing plant, but also share useful information on social networks, your friends also need such splendor. Do not forget about one more thing - a subscription will help you stay up to date with everything that awaits on the blog pages. All the best!


Your garden and vegetable garden

Garden and garden plot play an irreplaceable role in the aesthetic component of cities and towns. Blooming garden plants are beautiful: cherry, apricot or apple tree. You can spend hours admiring their pink and white robes and enjoy the indescribable scent of the delicate flowers of these garden plants, which will soon turn into juicy sweet fruits of the trees.

Garden trees and vegetables are not only decoration, they, like forests, have a positive effect on the climate, soften temperature fluctuations, and enrich the atmosphere with oxygen. The garden and vegetable garden purify the air from mechanical impurities, dust and have a beneficial effect on its biological purity.

Horticulture and horticulture study the cultivation of fruits, grapes, ornamental gardening, and the cultivation of vegetables. Gardening as a science explores the patterns of growth, structure, reproduction, fruiting of fruit, berry, ornamental plants and grapes, their relationship with the external environment, as well as plant diseases, plant pests and methods of dealing with them.

Therefore, every gardener and gardener, a beginner, or already having some experience, before starting to plant a vegetable garden or planting a garden, as well as caring for garden plants, needs to acquire certain knowledge of gardening and horticulture.

On our site "Your Garden and Vegetable Garden" every gardener and gardener will find a lot of useful information, such as: garden plants, vegetable crops, planting seeds, plant pests, growing vegetables, caring for the garden, as well as harvesting and storing crops.


10 most interesting annuals for the garden. When to plant annuals for seedlings in 2020

1.Ageratum. Growing from seeds. When to plant seedlings. Photo

Ageratum from Greek "ageless" - a flower of the Aster family.

  • I sow seeds in April. As if I add the earth with superficially small seeds and lightly press with a spoon.
  • I plant seedlings on a flower bed when it is no longer possible to wait for freezing temperatures, and at the end of June a bush, up to 40 cm in diameter, will delight us with its flowering.

Blue, purple, blue, white flowers with bright green leaves adorn the garden until the frost. Ageratum juice has an analgesic effect.

Ageratum

2. Dahlias "Funny guys". Growing from seeds. When to plant seedlings

Dahlias "Funny guys" - these multi-colored red, white, pink, purple, yellow bushes are called funny guys for a reason. Previously, there was no garden where they would not be pleasing to the eye.

  • I sow on seedlings in early April, sprinkling with earth with a layer of 5 mm.
  • At the onset of stable positive temperatures, I plant it in the garden.
  • More often I just sow directly into the ground under the film in early May.
  • The plant blooms in two to three months and blooms before the onset of cold weather.
Dahlias "Funny guys"

3. Verbena... Planting and leaving. Photo. When to sow seeds

Verbena - unusually beautiful flowers of various colors, all kinds of shades. The ancient Celts made amulets from it against evil spirits and brewed a love potion. There is a legend that verbena grew in those places where the blood of Christ was shed.

  • I sow in March-April on the surface of the earth with the addition of ash at a distance of 2 cm, sprinkling it lightly with earth, with a layer of no more than 3 mm.
  • I cover with glass or film.
  • Shoots appear in two weeks.
  • I rearrange it to a bright place.
  • When two real leaves appear, you can dive.
Verbena

I usually sow verbena in April to avoid picking.

  • I pre-soak the seeds in a growth stimulator.
  • I pour it into the pallet.
  • I plant the seedlings in the flowerbed in the twenties of May, as the verbena is cold-resistant.
  • But I play it safe and still cover it with a film until it gets warm.

Unusually beautiful fragrant inflorescences adorn the garden from June until frost.

4. Ornamental cabbage. Growing and care. Photo

Ornamental cabbage - looks like large corals, huge roses of different colors and shades - white, pink burgundy. There are also varieties with carved leaves - white and pink peacock. This unusual plant was undeservedly forgotten for many years, and in the eighties there was no site where it grew. Ornamental cabbage also grew with us, when there were no roses, hydrangeas, host and other exquisite flowers on my site. Now I wanted to plant again this beauty - the decoration of the autumn garden.

Ornamental cabbage

When it snows, you can cut it off and put it in a vase. Or you can leave it on the site and admire the huge ornamental plants that look extraordinary in the snow. They say that you can hang it in the basement, and in the spring, plant it again and give it a second life, then the ornamental cabbage will release a flower arrow of amazing beauty. I did not try. Ornamental cabbage leaves can be used to decorate the New Year's table.

  • I sow ornamental cabbage for seedlings in mid-April. The soil should be neutral and not very loose, as for white cabbage.
  • I pickle the seeds in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes.
  • I spray the surface of the soil from a spray bottle and put two seeds in each cup, deepening the seeds by two diameters.
  • From above, perlite is the same as the moisture-loving cabbage.
  • Sprouts appear in less than a week.
  • When a steady heat sets in, I plant it in the garden. This is necessary as although cabbage is cold-resistant, but when the temperature drops, it can release a peduncle and lose its decorative effect.
  • You can sow seeds directly into the ground under the film at the end of April.
  • Ornamental cabbage is susceptible to the same diseases and pests as common cabbage. Therefore, when planting around the plant, I pour coniferous litter from slugs, wood ash and treat the seedlings with phytosporin for diseases. (1 bag for 10 liters of water).

Marigolds, calendula, dill protect well ornamental cabbage.

5. Castor oil plant.

Castor oil plant - a tall, powerful, fast-growing plant with beautiful reddish carved leaves, similar to a palm tree, surprises us with its unusualness. No wonder it is called the northern palm. There is no person indifferent to her beauty. Used in gardens and parks as a specimen plant. The plant is mentioned in ancient Roman and ancient Greek books. Castor bean seeds were found in the tombs of the pharaohs.

Castor oil plant

I have planted this plant in my garden for several years in a row. Until I read that all parts of this plant are poisonous, especially the seeds. The plant contains ricin, a poison six times stronger than potassium cyanide. There is no antidote for it. Poisoning looks like a common cold, but then all organs begin to fail. Ricin is a bad joke.

Whether this is true or not, I do not know. And despite the fact that castor bean seeds are sold in any flower shop, I think that in the garden where children run, it is better not to plant castor bean.

6. Cochia. Planting and leaving. Photo. When to sow seeds

Cochia - unusual plant, similar to an ephedra. It is called the summer cypress. Although I read that kochia reproduces by self seeding, I think it is for the southern regions.

  • I sow seeds in the last days of March for seedlings, lightly sprinkling with earth.
  • Cochia requires loose soil in the way that thin sprouts cannot break through a dense crust.
  • The sprouts appear very quickly, literally on the second day. But the seedlings are very capricious and easily die.
Cochia

It is better to grow it on a cold windowsill to slow down growth and allow the seedlings to grow stronger. This year I want to sow kohija individually in cups or on May holidays, when the soil warms up to 10 degrees, right into the ground under the film.

Cochia looks great with tailed amaranth and as a specimen plant. Easy to cut. If you pinch the central branch of the grown kochia, you can form a ball. The plant can grow up to 1.5 m in height. By September, the kohija is painted in burgundy tones.

7. Coleus. Growing from seeds. When to plant seedlings. Photo

Coleus - nettle. This very beautiful plant pleases us with its foliage, 160 varieties up to 20 shades. It is grown both as a home and as a garden plant.

  • Small seeds are sown superficially, without sprinkling with earth. The ground must be very loose.
  • You can sow seeds in mid-March directly into the pots and, no later than mid-September, take them home.
  • And in the spring, cut the cuttings and plant them in the garden.
Coleus

Coleus loves partial shade. To give decorative effect, the plant is pinched at a height of 7-10 cm, and the peduncles are cut off.

8. Celosia. Growing from seeds. When to plant seedlings

Celosia - an exotic plant with velvety unusual, flame-like flowers. There are pinnate and crested varieties with a color ranging from red to yellow. These flowers are simply mesmerizing. Loves acidic soil, which is preferable for my site.

Celosia

  • Seeds should be sown in early April at a distance of about 3 cm, without sprinkling with earth.
  • It is better to sow directly into separate cups, as the cellosia does not tolerate a pick, and then, when a steady heat comes, transfer to a permanent place.

I sow directly into the ground for the May holidays under the film. Flowering, of course, will come later, but until October we will have enough time to admire the beautiful flowers.

9. Phlox Drummond. Growing from seeds. When to plant seedlings. Photo

9. Phlox Drummond - named after the Scottish botanist Thomas Drummond, who brought him from Texas to the UK. A very beautiful flower of various colors - purple, blue, lilac, red, pink, with white centers and monochromatic, various forms - large-flowered, star-shaped, double. I remember how my neighbor in the country was dumbfounded at the sight of a flower bed of Drummond phlox and verbena. And for all its magnificence, this flower is completely unpretentious, it does not like only stagnant water.

Phlox Drummond

Sowing is no different from all other colors. I transplant seedlings into the garden when a steady heat comes. From sowing to flowering, only two months. Therefore, you can sow it under the film on May 1. Further, they say, it reproduces by self-seeding. The main thing is not to weed it yourself, confusing it with weeds. I do it, because of an excessive love of cleanliness.

10. Petunia. Growing from seeds. When to plant seedlings in 2020.

Petunia. I always bought these beautiful large blue-purple, pink flowers as seedlings as I was afraid that I would not succeed in my own seedlings. But a couple of years ago I watched a video of how a young girl, without spending much effort, grows petunias.

Petunia

  • He pours some water into small containers, then the soil, shakes and sows the seeds superficially, covers with a lid and germinates in the light.
  • In the phase of four true leaves, it dives into separate forms.
  • If necessary, if the seedlings are pale, feed them with liquid fertilizer for flowers.
  • Then he makes a transfer to flowerpots.

All this is done so easily that I wanted to follow her example. The devil is not so terrible as he is painted. And she sowed petunia for seedlings. I realized that you can grow simple petunias this way. And hybrid terry and multi-flowered are more difficult to grow. This year I will sow seeds of hybrid petunias for seedlings in peat tablets. I don't have a lot of seeds. I bought one pack for testing.

Petunia for seedlings should be sown in February. But I have no backlight. Therefore, I will sow petunia in mid-March, when daylight hours increase.

  • Soak the tablets in a phytosporin solution until they swell and turn into barrels.
  • I will take a high capacity, as there should be air above the seedlings.
  • I will make drainage holes in the bottom.
  • I will pour perlite or vermiculite on the bottom, 1 cm layer and put the barrels.
  • I put a seed in each peat barrel with a toothpick or tweezers.
  • If the shell of the seeds is hard, then I will moisten it with water from a spray bottle until the shell softens.
  • I will cover the container with a lid and put it on germination.
  • Seeds germinate in the light for 3-7 days at a temperature of 25-30 degrees.
  • Periodically, it is necessary to ventilate by slightly opening the lid.
  • If no shoots appear within 14 days, you will have to reseed.
  • After the emergence of seedlings, I will not remove the cover in order to preserve the greenhouse effect and strengthen the seedlings.
  • Once a day, you need to ventilate the mini-greenhouse by placing the lid obliquely.
  • I will move the container to a colder window sill, the temperature will drop by 2-3 degrees, which will help the seedlings not to stretch.
  • I will remove the lid only when 2-3 true leaves appear, when the seedlings get stronger.
  • In the phase of 3-4 true leaves, when the seedlings begin to overlap each other, the petunia will dive into separate containers. Petunia is one of the few who likes to dive.
  • If the temperature permits, I will transfer the containers to a closed loggia in order to gradually harden the seedlings.
  • In the phase of 5-6 leaves, I will pinch the top so that the plant bushes and transplant the petunia into flowerpots.
  • I will pour expanded clay at the bottom of the flowerpot, then a good flower soil.
  • You can add a hydrogel and a sustained release fertilizer like basacote.
  • For the good development of petunias, a large volume of soil is needed, so I will rarely plant seedlings, no more than three per flowerpot and I will certainly mulch, and when the threat of frost has passed, I will rearrange the flowerpots in the garden.

And I will definitely plant an ampelous petunia, the pots with it are painfully beautiful, but expensive. Do you know that only one petunia bush is needed for a 5 liter flowerpot, and then it will grow into a ball that will uniquely decorate your veranda. Let's try.


Eschsholzia Apple blossom

Eschsholzia Apple blossom

The extraordinary silvery pink, velvety shade of the dense double flowers of this escholzia brings a joyful mood to flower beds and serves as a wonderful decoration for flower beds and mixborders. Picturesque and divinely beautiful blooms especially magnificently in a sunny, open place.

Due to its ultra-compact shape, the bush is indispensable in the front curb and container plantings.

Sowing: April - May outdoors. Seedlings are thinned out, keeping the distance between plants 20-25 cm.

Care: The culture is unpretentious and not demanding on growing conditions. Grows well in sunny places with dry sandy soil. For top dressing, we recommend using a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering (contains NPK complex), which improves growth and long, abundant flowering. Does not tolerate excess moisture and fresh organic fertilizers. To prolong flowering, faded flowers are regularly removed.

Bloom: July - September.

You can pick up the goods in any convenient way:

• Pickup at: Novosibirsk, st. Berdskoe highway, 4/1. Our garden center is open from 10.00 to 19.00.

• In your city. To do this, we will help you arrange an economical delivery through the postal service or a transport company. The cost depends on the distance and volume of the delivered goods and is agreed with you before shipment.

As soon as we prepare the plants for transportation, the manager will contact you to agree on the time of receiving the order. Plants for pre-order should be received within 5 days agreed with the operator, and goods in stock should be received within 3 days after notification. If the order is not received within this period, then it is canceled.

Plants are a specific product, so the delivery time for each of them may vary. The approximate delivery time is indicated in the description of each item.

We offer 2 payment methods:

1. Cash and non-cash payment at the point of issue or to the courier. Together with the order, you will receive a cash receipt as a guarantee of the quality of the plants of the garden center "My Garden".

2. By transferring to our current account from a bank card: Visa, MasterCard, Maestro, Mir.

Please note: if your order contains goods with different delivery times, then each delivery is paid separately.


Watch the video: Gardening Tips u0026 Flowers: How to Grow California Poppy Eschscholzia Californica