Decembrist, Christmas, Schumberger, Varvarin's color and crayfish necks - all these are the names of one exotic plant, known and beloved in our country primarily for its generous flowering during the coldest season.

In the wild, the Decembrist prefers tropical forests, grows right on trees. It receives water and nutrients with the help of air roots. Have you noticed how long the stamens of the Decembrist flowers are? This is not without reason, because this epiphytic plant is pollinated by the tiniest birds in the world - the hummingbird!

Wild Schlumberger blooms only white or red, but thanks to the efforts of breeders, we can get a “Christmas tree bouquet” with pink, raspberry, yellow and even purple buds!

How to make the Decembrist bloom not only in December and how not to frighten off the long-awaited flowering - we will tell you in our article.

Everything about the garden and vegetable garden on the portal "SadObzor"

Do you want your summer cottage to be pleasing to the eye, looking like it came off the cover of a gardening magazine? To make it look great at any time of the year or day? To enjoy flowering trees in spring and fruits in autumn? If you are ready to work with joy and inspiration to achieve these goals, you have come to the right place. On this site you can learn all the secrets of landscape design. Learn to create amazing things with your own hands.

Garden and vegetable garden secrets and tips for growing in joint beds

In our section "garden and vegetable garden secrets and tips" on increasing the yield of fruits and vegetables in summer cottages, we will tell you about the compatibility of plants grown in the open field in the beds.

Consider how you can most efficiently use the area, combining the planting of vegetables with different ripening periods.

Our summer cottage is small, but we want to place on it not only a garden and a vegetable garden, but also leave a place for rest, garden paths with beautiful flower beds, put benches, and make a gazebo by the pond. To make it all fit in a small area, I am constantly looking for ways to make the most efficient use of the area. An excellent heading for summer residents "garden and vegetable garden secrets and advice" helps me with this. Here, competently, they give advice on how to increase yields of fruits and vegetables, but also give good advice for more economical use of space.

So recently I was able to find out about the correct compatibility of plants in the garden in order to grow some of them together in the same garden.

Joint planting of vegetables consists in their different ripening rates, and play an important role in achieving high yields. A garden and a vegetable garden is such an ecosystem where both good neighbors in the beds and enemies completely incompatible with each other can grow nearby. This happens because all plants not only consume moisture and nutrients from the soil, but also release special enzymes into it, which affect neighbors in the garden either favorably or negatively.

Here I will tell you what are the positive aspects and advantages of joint cultivation of compatible types of vegetables in the garden. First of all, this makes it possible to most rationally use plots of small size, and place plants in common plantings that have different fruit ripening times and requirements for the nutritious area. Thanks to such joint plantings, I now get vegetables from the beds throughout the summer season, and the plants always remain strong and healthy because they support and help each other in growth and development.

The secrets of a garden and a vegetable garden for growing on joint plantings make it possible to densely plant each garden bed with different types of plants, not maintaining the traditional interval between them, the main thing is that they are compatible and not at enmity with each other.

So these sensible secrets and tips allow me to grow carrots and cabbage in the same garden. In this case, I sow carrots in the center of the garden, and plant cabbage seedlings around the edges. By the time the cabbage ripens, the carrots have already been removed from the garden, and while the cabbage ripens, the carrots are freely poured with juice and strength, supported by enzymes secreted by the cabbage into the soil.

Following other tips for the joint cultivation of vegetables in the same garden, I plant a row of cabbage in the center, and plant the edges with beets, which also has a beneficial effect on the yield and maturation of both types of vegetables.

Thus, by planting compatible plants on the same bed, which during the growing season support themselves and their neighbors, I have the opportunity to get high yields of good quality from a small area.

Co-location of cultures

Watercress ripens first, followed by dill and spinach. After collecting these crops, other plants begin to develop very quickly. Savory can be used both fresh and dried. Therefore, it should be removed only as needed. Leftover greens can be easily cut off in the fall for drying.

Interesting results are obtained by joint cultivation on a 1 m wide ridge of radish, spinach, kohlrabi, head and leaf lettuce.

Kohlrabi (6 pieces) should be planted in 3 rows, alternately with head lettuce. Plant 2 rows of spinach between them. Sow 1 row of lettuce on the sides alternately with radishes. This arrangement promotes pest control: lettuce helps kill cruciferous flea beetles. First, the harvest of radish and spinach ripens, followed by the removal of the head lettuce. The last to be removed is kohlrabi. Placing various crops according to the proposed scheme, it is possible to obtain 7.5 kg of yield from an area of ​​1 m 2 (see Fig.).

It is quite beneficial to grow marjoram and carrots together, which has a beneficial effect on its growth. For mixed crops, 4 rows of marjoram can be placed on a 1 m wide garden bed, and between them - rows of carrots. Such an arrangement (see fig.) Allows not only to make harvesting of carrots for the winter, but also to dry marjoram greens.

The joint cultivation of parsley, broccoli and head lettuce is no less beneficial. On a ridge 1 m wide, you first need to sow parsley in 3 rows so that 1 row is in the middle, and the other 2 rows are at a distance of 5 cm from the edge of the garden. In May, broccoli should be sown between the rows of parsley, placing the crops in 2 rows.

It is required to leave a distance of about 45 cm between the plants in a row, and 60 cm between the rows. Then thin out the slightly overgrown parsley and plant the seedlings of cabbage lettuce in the row. A distance of about 30 - 45 cm should be left between the seedlings in the row.

The joint cultivation of table beets, cabbage and lettuce is easy to organize according to the following scheme. Plant seedlings of lettuce and lettuce at a distance of 30 cm from each other. As soon as the lettuce seedlings sprout, 20-30-day beet seedlings should be planted in its aisles, leaving the distance between plants in a row of 10-15 cm. After 30-40 days after planting, the lettuce can be removed. During this time, beet plants are able to take root and develop well.

Root crops will reach maturity in September and early October, then they should be harvested.

The joint cultivation of watercress, radish, peas and Brussels sprouts can be organized according to the following scheme. Plant Brussels sprouts in the middle of the garden every 20 cm. Sow several radish and watercress seeds between cabbage seedlings. On the sides of the bed, sow 1 row of peas at a distance of 30 cm from the central row. The first of these crops will ripen the peas, followed by the radish. Watercress is in the shade of Brussels sprouts. The crops of these crops can be harvested as needed.

Co-cultivation of watercress, radish, peas and Brussels sprouts

No less useful is the joint cultivation of carrots and broccoli, which can be organized on a ridge 1 m wide. Sow carrot seeds in 3 rows, 1 row in the center of the ridge, 2 others at a distance of 10 cm from the edge. At the beginning of May, broccoli seedlings should be planted between the rows of carrots with a distance of 50 cm between the rows, and between the plants in a row - 45 cm each. Harvesting of broccoli can be done during the intensive growth of carrots. Carrots are traditionally harvested at the end of September.

The joint cultivation of dill and cucumbers gives good growth of plants with an increase in their yield. The planting scheme is quite simple: the cucumber seedlings must be planted in 2 rows at a distance of 60 cm g from each other.

Sow dill in 3 rows: 1 row - in the middle between cucumbers, 2 others - along the edges of the garden.

A large plot is needed for the joint cultivation of cabbage, tomatoes and celery. These plants need additional fertilizers, so they must be fed with slurry. Neighborhood with tomatoes is very useful for cabbage - they protect it from the cabbage moth. In small areas, you can grow kohlrabi cabbage in such a neighborhood. If the plot is large, it is best to plant cauliflower, savoy cabbage, or broccoli.

Good results are obtained by the joint cultivation of crops such as parsnips and lettuce - head or leaf. Why do you need to sow parsnip and lettuce seeds alternately in the nests of 1 row. As soon as the salad sprouts, it should be thinned out. It is recommended to remove the parsnips after the salad as the roots develop.

Cultivating peas, cucumbers and dill together benefits cucumber seedlings because the peas protect them from the wind. Dill, on the other hand, always grows between crops much better than in simple sowing. Neighborly cultivation of these crops, covering the soil, ensures moisture retention.

The joint cultivation of garlic, strawberries and shallots is beneficial in that the phytoncides of onions and garlic always protect various crops from pests and diseases, favorably affecting their growth and development. With such a neighborhood, the garlic should be planted in 1 row between the strawberry plants, and the onion should be placed in rows between the strawberries.

Vegetable compatibility in the garden

Vegetable plants planted side by side or in joint plantings can be "good" or "bad" neighbors. In the first case, they have a beneficial effect on each other, attract bees for better pollination of "neighbors" and even protect them from pests. In the second case, vegetables are affected by common diseases and oppress each other. It is necessary to follow other rules of the "successful garden".

Basic vegetable plants Compatible (good neighbors) Incompatible (bad neighbors)
Legumes Beets, cabbages, carrots, marigolds, pumpkin, strawberries, corn, tomato, mustard, potatoes Fennel, garlic, onions, peas
Broccoli Beans, beans, celery, dill, mint, nasturtium, onions, oregano, potatoes, sage, rosemary Lettuce, tomato, strawberry
Eggplant Peas, tarragon, thyme
White cabbage Beans, beans, tomato, garlic, beets, celery, dill, hyssop, mint, marigolds, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, sage, radishes Strawberries, tomato, oregano, grapes
Brussels sprouts Beans, beans, celery, dill, hyssop, mint, nasturtium, potatoes, sage Strawberry
Cabbage Lettuce, bush beans, peas, carrots, spinach Cucumber, kohlrabi, turnip, spinach, rhubarb, beetroot, curly beans, tomato, zucchini, onion
Cauliflower Beans, beans, celery, dill, hyssop, mint, nasturtium, potatoes, sage Strawberry, tomato
Potatoes Legumes, cabbage, lettuce, onion, celery, radish, petunia, nasturtium, marigold, corn Apple tree, pumpkin, tomato
Zucchini Beans, beans, mint, nasturtium, radish, corn, sorrel Potatoes
Kohlrabi Beets, onions Beans, peppers, tomato
Bulb onions Beets, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, tomato, potatoes, strawberries, cucumber Legumes, turnips
Leek Carrots, celery Legumes, broccoli
Carrot Legumes, sage, onions, peas, radishes, celery Dill
Cucumber Legumes, dill, broccoli, celery, cabbage, lettuce, radish, beetroot, asparagus, spinach, onion Sage, tomato, asparagus, zucchini, rhubarb, carrot, turnip, leek
Pepper Basil, carrot, lovage, marjoram, oregano, onion Fennel, kohlrabi
Parsley Carrots, asparagus, tomato
Rhubarb Beans, cabbage, lettuce, spinach Peas, turnips, potatoes, cucumbers, carrots, radishes, radishes, beets, tomatoes, onions
Radish Legumes, squash, cauliflower, cucumber, peas, lettuce, pumpkin Tomato, fennel
Turnip Peas, beans, spinach, tomato, lettuce, celery Cabbage, cucumber, potatoes, carrots, beets, radishes, rhubarb, onions
Salad Legumes
Celery Legumes, cabbage, onion, tomato, cucumber Turnip, spinach, rhubarb, beetroot, radish, radish
Beet Cabbage, beans, peas, Cucumber, potatoes, turnips, spinach, rhubarb, celery
Tomato Asparagus, sage, basil, carrots, parsley, onions, beans Dill, potatoes, peas, cucumber
Pumpkin Legumes, mint, nasturtium, radish, corn Potatoes
Horseradish Potatoes
Garlic Carrot, rose, tomato Legumes, strawberries
Spinach Eggplant, cabbage, celery, onions, peas Asparagus, zucchini
Bush beans Cucumber, potatoes, cabbage, cabbage lettuce, turnip, radish, radish, rhubarb, celery, spinach, tomato Asparagus, curly beans, zucchini


Low-growing eggplants, which appeared in our gardens relatively recently, are quickly gaining popularity among gardeners. New varieties of hybrids appear on the shelves, bred and adapted for planting in central Russia. When buying seeds for seedlings, be sure to pay attention to the plant care instructions. Often, the manufacturer supplies the planting material for sale that has already been pretreated and disinfected.

The video provides interesting information and tips for growing low-growing eggplant varieties.


The fruits begin to be harvested in July. The main harvest ends in September, but in warm climates, the vine can bear fruit until December. Still unripe fruits are harvested for food. The edible berries reach a length of 2.5 cm, but are still firm and strong. In this form, they are used for salads, preservation and preparation of other dishes. Rough melotria overripe in the same way as other pumpkin seeds: the fruits acquire a very tough skin.

After the harvest is harvested and the vine has dried up, you need to dig up the edible tubers formed on the roots. These formations taste like sweet potato.

Growing Pumpkin Smile

As the reviews and photos show, the Smile pumpkin does not need special care, the culture is unpretentious. Despite this, the minimum favorable conditions for growing are still required. As a result of the fact that the variety is prone to the appearance of rot, watering must be done in moderation.

Many gardeners recommend initially growing seedlings and only then replanting them in open ground. For germination, it is necessary to place the planting material for a while in a solution that stimulates growth. In the process of planting, it is necessary to adhere to the 70x70 cm scheme. 2 seeds are placed in each hole. If 2 processes appear, then the weak one should be removed.

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In our group you will find useful information and advice on growing vegetables and flowers, as well as information about new products in our online store and ongoing promotions.

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