Pachypodium

Pachypodium

The pachypodium is a plant that will appeal to both cactus lovers and fans of lush foliage. Due to its dense stem and spreading crown, it resembles a small palm tree, it is no coincidence that pachypodium is translated from Greek as “thick leg”, growers even call it the Madagascar palm tree, although it has absolutely nothing to do with palm trees. There are several varieties of the pachypodium, the most common is the Lamer pachypodium. How to care for her, and will be discussed.

In nature, the pachypodium grows up to 8 meters, and sometimes even more, indoor reaches 1.5 meters. If you took up its cultivation, be patient, it grows very slowly, 5 cm per year. For proper care in 6-7 years, the pachypodium will reward you with its flowering.

In winter, for this variety, 8 degrees is a completely normal temperature regime (other species need a temperature of at least 16 degrees). Therefore, you should not worry, rotting due to low temperature will not happen, unless you fill it, of course. In the summer, you need to water the plant constantly. But how to do it correctly, flower growers cannot decide in any way. Some believe that there should always be moisture in the soil, others advise to water it as soon as the earth dries up.

Practice shows that the most favorable watering regime, when the soil dries up by 1-2 cm, is not difficult to check, it is enough to touch the soil in the pot. This regime should be followed from March to October. In winter, you need to be careful: excessive watering at low temperatures can lead to the death of the plant, at normal temperatures it will lose weight, the trunk will begin to stretch. You need to use only warm and well-settled water. If there is not enough moisture, the pachypodium begins to wither and shed its leaves, but this is not always the case.

In general, shedding leaves in autumn and winter is quite common for vegetation, and the pachypodium is no exception. If in winter the plant has thrown off its leaves and it has only a small "forelock", do not worry. Just stop watering for 5-6 weeks and resume with new leaves. Pachypodium is extremely attached to its corner in the apartment and does not really like changing places. Therefore, he can also drop leaves due to rearrangement to a new place or even a simple turn (!) Of the pot.

But there is no reason to worry about the light, since the "Madagascar palm" easily tolerates a small partial shade and direct sunlight. This also applies to air humidity. He will be comfortable on the windowsill, near the radiator. At the same time, it does not need spraying at all (if only for the purity of the plant and because of your great desire).

Protect the pachypodium from cold drafts! They are destructive for him, the plant itself will tell you about hypothermia: its leaves will begin to fall off and turn black, the trunk becomes stunted and lethargic. Ultimately, the flower may simply rot. In the summer, try to take it outside to fresh air. Often it is not necessary to transplant pachypodiums, young plants are enough once a year, adults - once every 2-3 years. In this case, drainage is required, about a third of the pot is filled with it, so that there is no stagnation of water.

The pachypodium has no particular preferences for soil. The main thing is that the soil always has plenty of moisture and air. The most common garden soil with the addition of sand is also suitable; ready-made soil for cacti is also used. Add some crushed charcoal and red brick chips to it. The crumb will give the soil looseness, porosity, it is not difficult to make it by breaking into small parts the red brick found at the nearest construction site or from garbage containers. Coal is a natural disinfectant, it prevents rotting, but only coal from hardwood trees is suitable. To do this, burn a stick from a regular birch, break the firebrand into small and larger pieces and add a little to the soil.

Pachypodium is fed every two weeks in summer and spring. It is better not to use organics, use mineral fertilizers with a low nitrogen content. Fertilizers are suitable for cacti. The transplanted plant is not fed in the first month. The pachypodium reproduces only by seeds, and it is somewhat problematic to grow it at home from its seeds.

And one more very important note. Dear parents, pachypodium juice is poisonous! In no case do not put it in the nursery, but for greater safety in the house in general. Everyone else is strongly advised to work with the pachypodium only with gloves. The juice will not cause irritation to intact skin. But even if the leaves of the plant were not broken and sap did not stand out, hands should be washed thoroughly. It is also very prickly!


Indoor poisonous flower: list, names and care features

The abundance of indoor plants in a house or apartment has always been considered useful. Every hostess who wants to create comfort in the apartment does it with the help of green "friends".

When buying an indoor flower, not everyone thinks, is it really useful? And even more so, few people suspect that the so-called green "friend" can cause significant harm to the health of a pet and a person. That is why it is important to know the enemy by sight and it is advisable not to bring him into the house. We bring to your attention a small list, which presents the most poisonous indoor flowers.


The pachypodium (from the Greek pachys - thick and podos - leg) is a thick-legged and flawless succulent plant of the kutrov family. Due to its unusual "appearance" it is difficult to confuse it with any other "thorn".

The pachypodium has a tall and thick stem that is covered with leaves and thorns. There is a bunch of green leaves at the top of the stem, which makes it look very palm-like. It is also called the Madagascar palm.

The fleshy stem of the Madagascar palm retains moisture. So, the plant easily tolerates dry air in an apartment and even drought.

In wildlife, there are about 20 species of pachypodiums. Suitable for home collection: Lamerei, meridionale, brevicaule, geayi, succulentum.

Taking care of pachypodiums is not difficult at all. The main requirement is a high air temperature, since this plant is native to the African deserts and Madagascar.

Optimum temperature for the pachypodium

Madagascar palm is thermophilic. It tolerates high temperatures well in summer. At this time, take the plant out to the balcony, open terraces. On the crown of the pachypodium, provide direct sunlight to the maximum (but avoid overheating the pot on one side). In winter, the minimum temperature is + 6 degrees. Cold wintering is not required.

Lighting for the pachypodium

For the Madagascar palm, southeast and south windows are suitable. You can not shade it from the sun.

Air humidity and watering of the pachypodium

Proper watering ensures a beautiful plant shape. When dry, the trunk loses most of the leaves, but does not die. If watering is too abundant, then the stem will turn from rounded to an ugly elongated one.

During the summer, the pachypodium requires abundant watering (almost every day). Focus on the state of the earthen coma: it should have time to dry out. In winter, watering is rather scarce.

You don't have to worry about air humidity: the plant perfectly tolerates even very dry air.

Reproduction of the pachypodium

Most succulents tend to root easily with a piece of stem. But the pachypodium is difficult to propagate in this way. In this case, the seed method is more suitable.

Soil and pachypodium transplant

Pachypodiums are slow growing, so don't bother them with annual transplants. Change the pot and soil no more than once every 2-5 years. Transplant young plants more often than adults.

When replanting a plant, remember that it has fragile, easily damaged roots. Therefore, be careful.

The pachypodium prefers a nutritious and loose soil. Ready-made soil for succulents and cacti is fine. You can prepare the soil mixture yourself: take humus, deciduous soil and sand in equal proportions. Do not forget about good drainage (half pot) and a hole in the bottom of the container.

Feeding pachypodium

April-September is a period of active growth of the pachypodium. At this time, fertilizers for succulents and cacti are suitable for feeding, which should be applied every 3-4 weeks. Freshly transplanted plants do not need feeding for a month.

Possible mistakes in pachypodium care

If your pet begins to shed its leaves, then pay attention to its water-drinking regime. As a rule, the plant “leaves leaves” due to excessive moisture. If the leaves located below fall off, then the pachypodium lacks moisture.

Excessive watering at low temperatures is very dangerous. In this case, the roots and stem begin to rot.

If the young leaves that have just appeared began to blacken and fall off, then, probably, too cold water was chosen for irrigation. The water should be at room temperature, close to warm.


Pachypodium care - questions and answers

  1. I cannot understand the reason for the appearance of bright yellow spots on the leaves of the pachypodium. Formed quickly, in just 2 days, from the side of the window, in hot sunny weather in summer. Further, the plant develops normally, new leaves are green.

Madagascar palm, or Pachypodium lamerei, rather unpretentious, but sensitive to a sharp change in conditions of detention (temperature, irrigation regime), including overheating, especially with insufficient ventilation. In the summer heat, the temperature outside and on the windowsill with the window closed is significantly different. If in the open air, for example, + 30-35 degrees, then on the windowsill. without ventilation, in direct sunlight it can be + 60-70 degrees, which leads to damage to plant tissues.

In healthy pachypodiums, dark green leaves contain a lot of chlorophyll pigment. But they always contain other plant pigments, for example, red anthocyanins and yellow-orange carotenoids. In your case, under the influence of direct sunlight and high temperature, chlorophyll was destroyed in places, and yellow carotene resisted and appeared. " Prolonged exposure to extreme heat and light could cause severe burns on the leaves.

In the summer heat, it is better to take the plant out to the balcony or garden.

  1. My pachypodium Lamer grew vertically in the form of a "thorny column", then the top of the head took the form of a flat fan with leaves, the growth in height stopped. Is it a disease, and what to do with the plant?

The host of the pachypodium has encountered a rare and interesting phenomenon that is especially prized among succulent collectors. Due to some factors (scientists do not fully understand why this happens), the top of the plant acquired a crested crown. or comb-like. shape.

Such specimens do not require special care. Use a well-draining substrate for planting. Keep the pachypodium in a warm, well-lit place, water as the root ball dries, in winter - poorly, during the growth period, occasionally feed fertilizers for succulents and do not allow temperatures below +15 degrees.


Pachypodium: species with photos and descriptions, home care

The pachypodium is a succulent plant with a fairly thick stem and thin leaves located at the very top. Outwardly, they resemble a palm tree or crest. The plant comes from the kutrovy family. In nature, there are about twenty types of pachypodiums, the sizes of which start from a couple of centimeters and end with a height of a house of three floors.

An indoor flower growing in a pot does not stretch more than 70 cm. From the Greek language, the name “pachypodium” is translated as thick-legged, which very accurately reflects its appearance. Its fleshy trunk can store a tremendous amount of moisture.

As a result of this feature, the plant is not at all afraid of the direct rays of the sun. Flowers in wild species are large and exude a strong odor, the trunk is strewn with thorns, and the juice is one of the strongest plant poisons.

The pachypodium feels best in Australia, Africa and Madagascar, where the climate is more arid. There, this amazing plant can reach unprecedented sizes and various distorted forms. There are many wild species, some are grown in apartments, but this is rare.

There are not many pachypodiums that can grow at home. The most famous succulents among amateur flower growers are:

  1. Pachypodium lamery... It has a different name - the Madagascar palm tree. And at home, the nickname "ghost man" stuck to him. The tall tree reminds of an ancient legend that the locals always tell. It talks about the gods who turned some people into bizarre trees. In the wild, the plant stretches up to 6 meters. When grown in pots, its size is not large, the trunk has a neat shape with a bunch of leaves at the very top. Such a decorative lamer looks very similar to a palm tree, in contrast to the same species growing in the wild. This pachypodium has large pink flowers.

Lameri has another variety - a branched tree, which instead of leaves grows branches. This plant blooms with inflorescences of white buds with a pleasant aroma.

  1. Pachypodium Sanders. It has a different name - the Star of Lundi. The plant is quite interesting, it has a round stem with several shoots. The leaves are long with a tint of olive. It has thorns only on the processes. The flowers are white and pink.
  2. The pachypodium is short-stemmed. The plant is native to Madagascar. The stem is low, no more than 60 cm wide, covered with thorns. It blooms with yellow long flowers, about 2-5 cm in diameter. In appearance, it is easy to confuse it with an ordinary gray stone.
  3. The pachypodium is densely flowered. The homeland is still the same Madagascar. The trunk of the plant is fleshy, no more than 30 cm wide. In pots, it grows up to 90 cm in height. At the top are leaves with bright yellow flowers. Growth is very slow, usually sheds leaves in winter.
  4. Pachypodium succulent... Originally from South Africa. It has a woody stem no more than 15 cm wide. In the wild, it is buried in the ground. The part of the plant that protrudes on the surface reaches a height of up to 90 cm. Paired thorns and drooping leaves. In summer, it blooms with bell-shaped pink flowers.
  5. Pachypodium horombenze. Native to Madagascar with a small trunk, thick at the base. Gray-green narrow leaves represent a rosette at the ends. The silvery-green trunk branches early enough. Large yellow flowers are located on pedicels of substantial length. This type of pachypodium grows slowly. May shed foliage during winter months.
  6. Pachypodium rosulatum. It has a short gray-green trunk, which is rather thick at the base. The branches appear vertical with narrow leaves forming rosettes at the ends. Pale yellow flowers bloom from spring to the second month of summer.
  7. Pachypodium southern. In the wild, the plant can grow 2-3 meters in length. In pots, it usually reaches one meter. The trunk is smooth with long leaves. The flowers have a pleasant aroma, bloom in pink petals with a red corolla. The plant is fast growing.

Home care

The pachypodium, whatever varieties it is, is suitable even for a beginner grower, because it is completely unpretentious and reproduces very simply with the help of seeds.

A succulent plant does not need constant watering, foliage spraying and seasonal feeding.

He can live on the windowsill without any problems all year round. However, despite all these advantages, it is still worth following some rules for caring for the plant so that it pleases the owner with lush beautiful flowers.

Lighting

The pachypodium, born in Africa and Madagascar, tolerates heat and sunlight easily. Sunbathing is what he needs.

The plant will feel perfect on a windowsill with windows facing south.

A small shade is not critical for the flower, however, the constant lack of sun will lead to a deterioration in the appearance of the trunk.

If you learn about all the features of the pachypodium, then it will not be difficult to grow it at home. The main thing is the desire to see a beautiful succulent plant on your window.

Temperature

Basically, all types of pachypodiums tolerate temperatures dropping to at least sixteen degrees. However, the species of lamer winters even at eight degrees.

During the summer months, the plant can be taken out into the fresh air, but should not be left for long.

An excellent solution in such situations would be a summer veranda or balcony, where the pachypodium can stand around the clock, if warm weather permits.

The plant does not tolerate drafts at all.

The very first sign of hypothermia is blackening of the leaves, softness and lethargy of the trunk.

In this case, it will not be possible to restore the pachypodium, the plant dies.

Watering

Indoor pachypodium does not tolerate both frequent watering and its lack. Determining the need for watering is very simple, you need to look at its soil.

If it has dried by about one to two centimeters, then the plant should be watered. Florists have come up with a trick, they pierce the topsoil with a match.

If grains of earth remain on it, then the pachypodium does not need water. Excess moisture in a plant leads to stretching and a decrease in the volume of the trunk.

During the winter months, water the plant with extreme caution. The air temperature becomes lower, while evaporation remains at the same level or increases.

The pachypodium begins to consume less fluids, therefore, any excess moisture can lead to rotting of the trunk. With a lack of water, the pachypodium can shed its leaves, but this is not tragic.

Verify the need for watering using the trunk. When squeezed with fingers, its hardness indicates sufficient watering, while soft and springy, it clearly does not have enough moisture for the plant.

Air humidity

What is the humidity of the air is not important for the plant. It does not need additional moisture and constant spraying of the foliage. The plant tolerates dry air well and can safely be near heating radiators.

Fertilizers

Anyone who wants to see the magnificent flowering of the pachypodium should think about feeding it. It should contain a small amount of nitrogen.

When the growing season begins, once a week, the plant is fed with a fertilizer intended for cacti. Natural fertilizers such as manure or fish remains are prohibited.

Too much fertilizer will negatively affect the appearance of the trunk. It deforms and cracks.

Transfer

The pachypodium, like the cactus in adulthood, is transplanted twice a year. Young plants are done at once.

The procedure is performed before cold weather and immediately after the end of winter. To make the pachypodium feel comfortable when transplanting, a third of the pot is filled with excellent drainage.

It can be expanded clay, small stones or aquarium soil. The land is used ready for cacti or their own from the garden and vegetable garden, but drained.

They spill their land with potassium permanganate with charcoal, warm up well.

Transplanting a pachypodium is not so easy, because its trunk is covered with thorns that will damage protective gloves of any thickness.

It is advisable to wrap the plant in several layers of soft tissue and, together with a lump of earth on the roots, transfer it to a pot prepared for transplantation.

The thorns of wild succulents often break off and are worn away by the winds.

At home, those who want to protect themselves from injury when caring for a plant can trim sharp thorns, making them more blunt.

Reproduction

In the wild, pachypodiums of any species reproduce by seeds. At home, you can try to grow it in the same way, but the fact is that the seeds germinate for a very long time and are difficult to find.

It is easier to buy ready-made seeds in any store that specializes in selling them. But here there is no guarantee that the seeds of the pachypodium will sprout.

A gardener will need patience to grow a real tree from a seed, albeit a small one. First, you need to put seeds in a small pot of soil for cacti.

Dig in, water and cover with glass, putting it in a place where the rays of the sun fall. Seeds sprout in a week.

It is then that it is worth removing the glass, and nursing the small sprout in a sunny place, not forgetting to water. An interesting fact is that even a small sprout has its own tiny spines.

Lameri reproduces by means of lateral processes. They are separated from the trunk, dried and planted in the soil. This method usually fails. The twigs stand in the ground for two months, and then die without giving roots.

Diseases and pests

The most common pests affecting the pachypodium are spider mites, aphids and thrips. What happens to the plant when damaged:

  • a spider mite absorbs chlorophyll, as a result, leaves brighten and fly around, a reddish bloom appears on the trunk
  • thrips is dangerous for leaves, pests settle on the reverse side. The entire crown begins to cover with a gray-brown tint with a silvery sheen.

Treatment of the plant consists in a one-time treatment with Actellik. It is not necessary to change the location of the pachypodium, as well as to spray with water. Each turn of the pot is unpleasant for him, and if you do this during an illness, the plant will become even worse.

Yellow leaves on the pachypodium may indicate that the plant is difficult to tolerate low temperatures or it is too often watered. In this case, it is advisable to put it in a dry and warm place.

If rotting of the trunk is observed, the treatment is carried out with the usual "Trichopol", one tablet is diluted in a glass of water.

Caution

Any grower should remember that the pachypodium is a poisonous plant. Especially its juice, with which the inhabitants of Africa grease the arrowheads. Children and pets should not come into contact with the plant. Flowers and leaves cause poisoning, and juice causes cardiac arrest.

Beneficial features

Florists who grow the pachypodium believe that it has several beneficial properties. Namely:

  1. Protects the home in which it grows from bad black energy.
  2. In case of inflammation, it protects against severe pain.

The handsome pachypodium is a real favorite for connoisseurs of this type of plants. He not only pleases with his unusual appearance, but also brings certain benefits.

It is important to properly tune in to caring for the plant, and it will delight its owners for a long time with the beauty of flowering and an unusual outstanding appearance.


Greetings to all lovers of home vegetation!

The pachypodium appeared here relatively recently. Once in winter, my husband and I went to the central market, I could not resist and out of habit went to the flower shop to look at the flowers. And so my husband and I liked a fancy cactus with foliage on top. To be honest, it was hard not to notice him. And although I did not like cacti since childhood, I always grew wild deciduous and flowering plants on my windowsill, this specimen immediately surprised me with its unusual appearance and we liked it very much. And outwardly, it does not particularly look like a cactus, rather like a palm tree. only with thorns. It is not for nothing that it is also called the Madagascar palm tree. Without thinking for a long time, we decided to buy it, and did not regret it.

Our windows face the south-west, the sun shines through our windows all day long and many flowers, for example, violets, do not stand up and get burns. Therefore, the choice of domestic green pets must be approached wisely. But our new friend, Pachypodium, feels more than confident! After all, he is known to belong to cacti, and for them direct sunlight is not a hindrance.

Now I will write a little about this plant itself and its care.

The pachypodium belongs to succulents, it grows in arid places in Madagascar, Australia and Africa. The stalk is thick with numerous long spines. The leaves of the pachypodium are narrow and long, growing at the top of the trunk. His juice is milky like milkweed and very poisonous! The pachypodium belongs to unpretentious plants, however, in order for its appearance to always please the eye, you need to properly care for it.

Despite the fact that this is a cactus, it needs to be watered more often than other cacti, otherwise the beautiful foliage that gives such an unusual appearance to the plant will fall off, although the cactus itself will not die. It is by no means worth watering very often and a lot. Otherwise, the trunk will stretch out and the plant will lose its shape. I water it as soon as the soil in the pot dries up. The soil for the pachypodium can be used specifically for succulents, but it can also be universal. I use greenveld universal soil for flowers.

It is also very important that the house is warm, because the plant is southern and is accustomed to the warm climate.

They say that if the pachypodium is well looked after, then in a few years it will delight its benefactors with beautiful flowering. Well, let's wait and hope)))

Half a year has passed since we bought it, our handsome man has grown a little and many new leaves have appeared on the top of his head. It grows very slowly, which is very convenient, you do not need to often transplant it into a new pot. And given its dangerous thorns, this fact is truly pleasing.

However, the plant is not at all capricious and unpretentious and will suit even lazy lovers of home plants.

You can also read a review about another amazing and unpretentious plant from my collection:


Care features

When growing a pachypodium, home care should be as careful as possible, since any mistake can lead to the death of the plant. Since the Madagascar palm tree grows in tropical conditions, it is important to pay attention to:

  • lighting and temperature of the content
  • humidity
  • watering
  • soil composition
  • fertilization and transplantation.

Such a palm tree is cared for all year round. In winter, it is necessary to provide her with comfortable conditions: coolness and moderate humidity.

Watering is minimized. The main thing is to make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out.

Lighting and temperature

Growing popular plant species such as the Pachypodium Saunders or the Pachypodium Lamera, home care should be no problem. It is important to pay attention to lighting, humidity and air temperature. The most comfortable Madagascar palm tree in partial shade. There are less requirements for humidity. Spraying the leaves is not required. The main thing is that the air is not excessively dry. Comfortable temperature - 24-28 ° С, minimum temperature for wintering 16 ° С.

Soil composition and watering

Light nutrient types of soil are suitable for cultivation. You can make your own soil mixture by mixing turf, sand and leafy soil. Charcoal can be used for nutritional value.

Watering the pachypodium should not be frequent. The condition of the soil in the pot should be monitored to avoid drying out. In the summer, the plant is watered once every 4-5 days, in winter it is even less frequent. Due to the low temperature, excess moisture can lead to rotting of the root system.

The pachypodium has long spines.

Top dressing and transplanting

It is necessary to feed the pachypodium with complex formulations. Special fertilizers for succulents are best suited. Top dressing is carried out 1-2 times a month. In winter, fertilization is not necessary.

The transplant also has its own characteristics. Despite the rarity of this procedure (it is performed once every 4 years), it is important to take care of your own safety.

The sharp thorns of this flower are poisonous, so the transplant is carried out only with gloves, and the trunk of the palm tree is wrapped in a dense cloth.

How to transplant a pachypodium:

  1. The plant is transplanted together with an earthen clod. You can transplant the pachypodium in early spring, before the plant begins to wake up after winter. Blooming pachypodiums are prohibited from replanting. Such an operation will be stressful for the flower. It is important to approach this task with caution.
  2. After transplanting into a larger pot, the plant should be left alone. For several days it must adapt to new conditions for itself.
  3. Needs accuracy. It is not recommended to move the pot, watering and light of the plant and its leaves are moderate.

When the pachypodium is in bloom, any maintenance (other than watering) can harm the plant. Every gardener should know this.


Watch the video: Palmera De Madagascar Pachypodium lamerei