Breeders have been dealing with cucumbers for a long time, seeking not only to improve the taste, but also to increase resistance to cold and various diseases. The most important achievements of breeding include the absence of bitterness in most new varieties and hybrids, as well as a noticeable increase in yield. Sometimes one can only wonder how up to 25 kg of excellent zelents can be collected from one square meter!
The variety of varieties and hybrids on the market can confuse novice vegetable growers: which variety of cucumbers is better, and which one to prefer - a high yield or a bright taste? Before making a choice, think about how you plan to use cucumbers, and where are you going to grow them?
Choosing between a greenhouse and a garden, you make a choice between the number of cucumbers and their quality
Although different varieties of cucumbers are similar in appearance, they can vary greatly in taste, pulp density and skin thickness. It is on these properties that you should rely on when choosing cucumbers for pickling or for fresh salads. So, salad varieties can turn into porridge and lose their taste when canning, but it is worth pickling some pickling varieties that are tasteless when fresh - and it is difficult to imagine more wonderful crispy cucumbers! There are also universal varieties that can be pickled, salted and eaten fresh, but their yield is usually low.
Video about the best varieties of cucumbers
As for growing conditions, the most productive varieties of cucumbers are hothouseand they can be grown all year round. but ground cucumbers require less maintenance and are more flavorful. We can say that when choosing between a greenhouse and a garden bed, you make a choice between the number of cucumbers and their quality.
What to prefer: domestic varieties or exotic?
Most often, gardeners, choosing the best varieties of cucumbers, are guided by domestic selection. Preference is given to those hybrids and varieties that are most adapted to the region of residence. If you are not interested in domestic varieties of cucumbers, and you want to try something new, unusual, plant exotic types of cucumbers in your garden - Chinese or Indian (keep in mind that a Turkish cucumber is a type of ornament, not a vegetable culture).
Most often, gardeners, choosing the best varieties of cucumbers, are guided by domestic selection
From Zozuli to Pinocchio
For cultivation in film shelters or greenhouses, it is recommended to purchase parthenocarpic varieties that do not require insect pollination, because in protected ground with pollination of cucumber ovaries, problems may arise.
The following self-pollinated hybrids are considered the most productive:
- Zozulya is a very popular hybrid, characterized by early fruiting and hardiness, its fruits with sparse tubercles reach a length of 23 cm. Zozulya cucumber is excellent for pickling and has a good taste when fresh.
- Courage is an early-yielding hybrid with small dark green fruits up to 15 cm long. Cucumber Courage F1 does not taste bitter and is suitable for universal use. It is relatively resistant to common cucumber diseases.
- Masha is the earliest hybrid with medium-sized fruits (about 8 cm). The cucumber Masha is used, both for protected ground and for open ground. It is good for consumption in any form and is resistant to common cucumber diseases.
- Cybria is considered the most productive of all hybrids. The very early Kybriya cucumber is distinguished by strong growth, high yield and excellent quality of small dark green fruits.
- Pinocchio is a high-yielding early ripe hybrid with 8 cm long greens. The fruits are not bitter and are equally good fresh and pickled. An additional advantage of Pinocchio is its increased resistance to powdery mildew.
High-yielding parthenocarpic hybrids are also in demand among gardeners: Moscow evenings, Matryoshka, Anyuta, Boy with a finger, Nerel, Connie, Buyan, Okhotny Ryad, Berendey and others.
For cultivation in film shelters or greenhouses, it is recommended to purchase parthenocarpic varieties
For the purpose of growing in open beds, zoned varieties of exclusively spring-summer type are selected. It is better to grow several different varieties at the same time in the garden in order to get a harvest under any weather conditions.
For open ground, the following hybrids and varieties are preferable: Rodnichok, Competitor, Nightingale, Blizzard, Claudia, Blizzard, By the pike's command, Razgulyay, Zhuravlenok, Annushka, German, etc.
Guests from the East
No matter how good domestic cucumbers are, they are inferior to their "overseas counterparts" in some ways. So, when a Chinese cucumber is cut into a salad, a wonderful aroma of freshness is felt throughout the apartment, reminiscent of the smell of a watermelon. And the outlandish Indian cucumber is beautiful not only fresh - it is fried in oil, delicate caviar and aromatic sauces are prepared from it.
Video about growing cucumbers
Chinese cucumbers bear fruit best in a greenhouse, but they can also be grown in a vegetable garden. They are surprisingly fast-growing: less than a month passes from the moment of sowing the seeds to the appearance of the first cucumbers. Since the varieties of Chinese cucumbers are mostly self-pollinated, the fruits are tied perfectly, they bear fruit in bunches. Zelentsy are very long, crispy and sweet, they are very tasty fresh, and they are excellent for pickling.
The main feature of Indian cucumbers is that they grow incredibly quickly, adding 8 cm per day, and continue to bear fruit until the first frost under good conditions. When the fruits reach 30 cm in length, they are eaten like ordinary cucumbers, and ripe fruits up to 2 m long are used in the preparation of various dishes.
Polycarbonate greenhouse cucumber varieties: the best options
Before choosing cucumbers for a greenhouse, you need to be aware of what you are growing them for. Greenhouse cucumber varieties are divided into groups according to the following categories:
- at the place of cultivation (there are varieties for open, for closed ground and universal)
- by ripening rate (early varieties, early ripening, mid-ripening and late)
- by type of pollination (self-pollinated, bee-pollinated and parthenocarpic)
- by appointment (for fresh consumption, for pickling, for pickling and universal)
- for crop breeding (varieties and hybrids)
- by type of flowering (female, mixed and mostly female)
- the largest fruit (gherkins up to 8 cm long and salad cucumbers reaching 20-15 cm)
- by the color of zelents (green, white, striped or spotted)
- by the nature of the surface of the greenery (large tuberous, small tuberous, thornless or with white, black, brown thorns)
- by the method of cultivation (bush, short-leafed, medium-leafed and long-leafed)
- by the number and location of ovaries (bouquet (or bundle) or usual)
- by productivity (less, more and high-yielding varieties of cucumbers)
- for resistance to diseases and weather conditions (resistant to diseases, temperature extremes, shade-tolerant, cold-tolerant and drought-tolerant).
Very often the same varieties can be grown both in the open field and in the greenhouse, but there are varieties and hybrids that grow better in greenhouses.
Let's start with the most hardy hybrids that have proven themselves in greenhouse cultivation in the Urals, Siberia and the Far East.
An early ripe hybrid (fruiting from the 37-40th day after germination), intended for cultivation in the spring-summer turnover in film greenhouses. Parthenocarpic, salad purpose. The plant is indeterminate (vigorous, weakly braided, self-regulating branching), the type of flowering is predominantly female with a tendency to bundle formation of ovaries.
Zelentsy (weighing 90-110 g) are fusiform, shortened (12-15 cm), small tuberous, with faint light stripes and white pubescence. The hybrid provides a high marketable yield - 12-14 kg / m2. It is resistant to VOM1 (cucumber mosaic virus), cladosporiosis (olive spot), powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew. In the State Register since 2000.
Packages with seeds of a hybrid of cucumbers "Amur F1" of various manufacturers
You can learn more about this variety from this article.
The hybrid, included in the State Register for the Far East region, is suitable for autumn-winter greenhouse cultivation. Parthenocarpic, lettuce, mid-season - long-term fruiting, begins on the 36-48th day after full germination. The plant is indeterminate, vigorous and branched with a female flowering type.
In the photo - packaging of seeds of a hybrid of cucumbers "Arina F1" from different manufacturers
The variety was registered in the Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Sort Commission" in 2003. Parthenocarpic hybrid, early maturing - bears fruit from 40-45 days after full germination. Designed for cultivation in greenhouses in private and small farms. By purpose it is universal, that is, cucumbers have excellent taste in fresh, salted and canned forms.
The plant is indeterminate (vigorous and strongly branched), the type of flowering is predominantly female with the setting of 1-3 ovaries per node. Zelentsy (11-12 cm long, 4 cm in diameter) are cylindrical in shape, slightly ribbed and medium tuberous, pubescence is white. The average weight of zelents is 100-110 g with a marketable yield of more than 6 kg / m2.
Seeds of cucumbers hybrid "Miranda F1" in packages of various manufacturers
The Dutch hybrid intended for cultivation in the 3rd light zone, which includes the Moscow region, is recommended for the winter-spring turnover. Parthenocarpic, late ripening (active fruiting begins from 51-54 days after full germination), salad appointment. The plant is indeterminate, medium- or weakly branched, female flowering type, located in nodes of 1-3 ovaries.
Seeds of cucumbers hybrid "Asker F1" in packages from different manufacturers
The hybrid is recommended by the State Register for growing under film shelters in 1-7 light zones, that is, it is suitable both for the Moscow region, for example, and for the Krasnodar Territory (it is distinguished by its endurance in a hot arid climate). Parthenocarpic, early ripening (begins to bear fruit from the 39th day after germination) hybrid, salad and canning purposes.
A plant with limited branching (lateral shoots of the determinant type), female flowering, while the number of ovaries in a node is 3 or more. Zelentsy are excellent in taste, medium-sized (weighing 110-115 g), oval-cylindrical, slightly ribbed, smooth, with sparse white pubescence. Marketable yield is about 13.5 kg / m2. Resistant to PTO 1, cladosporium, MR, LMR tolerant.
Packages of seeds of a hybrid of cucumbers "Bukhara F1" from various manufacturers
The variety was registered in the Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Sort Commission" in 2000. Parthenocarpic hybrid intended for cultivation in the spring-summer circulation under film shelters. It has proven itself not only in the Moscow region, but also throughout central Russia, in Belarus, in the Ukraine. It is very popular as a gherkin, universal (salad, pickling, canning), early maturing (begins to bear fruit intensively from the 39-41st day) and high-yielding (10-13 kg / m2).
Packages of various manufacturers with seeds of a hybrid of cucumbers "Boy with a finger F1"
You can find a detailed description of the variety in this article.
The hybrid is recommended for growing in greenhouses in garden and garden plots, as well as in small farms. Parthenocarpic, salad purpose. Medium early fruiting (42-45 days after germination). The plant is indeterminate, but medium-sized and slightly branched.
The type of flowering is predominantly female with bundled ovaries. Zelentsy (weighing 150-250 g) is cylindrical, 15-20 cm long and up to 4.5 cm in diameter, with small sparse tubercles and white pubescence. They have excellent taste and high yield - 12-15 kg / m2. The hybrid is resistant to common diseases (cucumber mosaic virus, olive spot), tolerant to root rot. In the State Register since 2002.
In the photo - cucumbers and packaging of seeds of the hybrid "Marta F1" manufacturer "Manul"
Refers to parthenocarpic early-maturing hybrids (bears fruit from 43-46 days after germination), universal purpose. The plant is indeterminate (vigorous) with medium branching, the type of flowering is female, the ovaries are laid at the node in bundles of 3 or more. Zelentsy are short-fruited (weighing 90-100 g) have an average length of 8-13 cm and a diameter of 3.5-4 cm, a cylindrical shape, tuberosity of average density and size, black pubescence.
Packages of seeds of a hybrid of cucumbers "Goosebump F1" from various manufacturers
In most cases, drought-resistant varieties and hybrids also have increased heat resistance (conjugate resistance).
A smooth-fruited, heat-resistant hybrid of the female flowering type. Created for cultivation in spring greenhouses, tunnels, open field. The branching is average. At the nodes, 2-3 ovaries are formed. Zelentsy are cylindrical, dark green, with a glossy surface, 12-15 cm long, 2.6-3.0 cm in diameter. A high yield of even standard fruits is characteristic. Taste qualities of fresh zelents are high. Resistant to olive spot, virus
common cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew.
A smooth-fruited hybrid of the female flowering type for spring greenhouses, tunnels, open ground. Branching is limited - determinant lateral shoots are formed, which, under heavy load, become bouquet branches. In the nodes, from 1-2 to 3-4 ovaries are formed. Zelentsi are oval-cylindrical, intensely green in color, with a glossy surface, 11-14 cm long, 3.0-3.3 cm in diameter. The taste of fresh greens is high. The hybrid is heat-resistant, resistant to olive spot, cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew.
Highly productive heterotic hybrid of the female flowering type. Suitable for growing in any conditions: open ground, tunnels, spring greenhouses. Plants are vigorous, branching is average or above average. 1-2 ovaries are formed in the nodes. Zelentsy are smooth, intense green, with a glossy surface, 10-12 cm long, 3.0-3.5 cm in diameter, dense, tasty. The hybrid is characterized by long-term fruiting, increased adaptability to growing conditions, and heat resistance. Has resistance to the virus of common cucumber mosaic, olive spot, powdery mildew, tolerance to downy mildew.
Classic bee-pollinated hybrid of predominantly female or female flowering type. Designed for open ground, spring greenhouses, tunnels. Branching is average or above average. 1-2 ovaries are formed in the nodes. Zelentsy are large-lumpy, white-spiked, 10-12 cm long, dense, crispy pickling and canning qualities are very high. Intensive plant growth, a powerful root system, active regrowth of lateral shoots, combined with cold resistance and complex disease resistance, lead to long-term friendly fruiting until autumn frosts. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, olive spot, cucumber mosaic virus, tolerant to downy mildew.
Yielding mid-season classic bee-pollinated hybrid of predominantly female or female flowering type. It is grown in open and protected ground. Branching is average or above average.A characteristic feature of the hybrid is the intensive growth of the main lash and the rapid appearance of lateral shoots, with the growth of which the peak of mass prolonged fruiting occurs. Cold resistance and plant resistance to phyto-diseases contribute to high yields at the end of August - September. 1-2 ovaries are formed in the nodes. Zelentsy has a beautiful bright green color, large-tuberous white-thorns, 10-12 cm long, pickling, canning and taste qualities are very high. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, olive spot, cucumber mosaic virus, tolerant to downy mildew.
CHINESE HEAT RESISTANT
Mid-early (48-54 days) hybrid for growing outdoors. Zelentsy are even, 30-50 cm long, crispy, aromatic, tasty. Endurance to high temperatures, due to which it grows well and bears fruit in heat up to 35 degrees, Disease resistant. Recommended for use. fresh and for canning.
International Cucumber Day is celebrated on July 27. It is not for nothing that this vegetable has received such recognition, because it is both tasty and healthy, and, with proper care, will delight you with a bountiful harvest. Now there are about 300 species of hybrids and varietal cucumbers. But with all the variety, only a few of them are popular with experienced gardeners. It is not difficult to get an excellent harvest of cucumbers outdoors if you choose the right varieties, taking into account the conditions in which they will grow.
Cupid F1 - a vigorous hybrid that does not require formation. Early maturing, cold-resistant, immune to disease, bears fruit abundantly all summer. White-spiked oval-elongated green, thin-crusty, very tasty. Great for salads, but can also be used for pickling.
Ajax F1 - heat-resistant early hybrid. A powerful bush requires support and formation. High-yielding, fruiting until a steady cold snap. Fruits are dark green with a light spout and dense skin, long. Perfect taste when canned.
Valaam F1 - a versatile hybrid, forms abundant ovaries in stable cool weather. Early fruiting. Very tasty greens grow no more than 6 cm and are used for salting, pickling. Resistant to all diseases.
Blizzard F1 - small bushes with abundant fruiting. Even a stable cooling does not lead to a decrease in the yield. Small cucumbers - up to 8 cm, universal use.
Hector F1 - a hybrid of ultra-early ripening. The bushes are compact, slightly branched, do not need to be formed - the growth of the main stem is limited to 80 cm. It tolerates thickened plantings and a short-term drop in temperature. High yields until August. Immune to many common diseases. Cucumbers are delicious fresh and canned.
Herman F1 - an early ripe hybrid. You can find the same cucumber with the name Mirabell. The plant must be formed into a single stem for strong roots to develop. At least 6 ovaries are formed in the knot. Smooth fruits with a thin skin are very aromatic, slightly sweetish. The hybrid is resistant to temperature fluctuations, but does not tolerate drought. The variety is universal.
Dolomite F1 - early hybrid. The bush is medium-sized, low-leafed. The variety is characterized by stable productivity, stress resistance, and unpretentiousness. Cucumbers are thin-skinned, without bitterness, crispy, very tasty, universal.
Eliseevsky F1 - mid-season, long-term fruiting. Medium-sized shrub with strong branching. Unpretentious variety: gives a bountiful harvest under long unfavorable weather conditions. Fruits are crispy with firm skin. Ideal for barrel pickling and pickling.
Bush - early ripe varietal cucumber. Very productive. In a knot there are 3 to 5 ovaries. Fruits are small, with a thin delicate skin, tasty. Amicable return of the crop for 2 - 3 harvests. An excellent pickling variety.
Bush gift - early ripening variety. Bush cucumber with weak lateral branching and the length of the main stem up to 60 cm. Small fruits of a beautiful shape, dark green, very tasty. The best variety for making pickles.
Lapland F1 - cold-resistant hybrid. It firmly endures short-term cold snaps, actively bears fruit until the first frost. It is not affected by bacterial diseases. Fruits are green with sparse white stripes. For universal use
Kid - ultra early variety. The bush is compact, branching is weak. Up to 6 zelents are tied in a knot. Up to fifty fruits can be harvested from one plant. Returning amicable harvesting takes place in 2 - 3 stages. A versatile, delicious cucumber.
Ant F1 - ultra-early unpretentious hybrid. Weakly affected by diseases. Small oval-shaped fruits are not bitter, tasty in salads and preserved.
Winner - late drought-resistant variety, the harvest can be obtained before the first frost. A plant with long lashes, requires a garter. Not affected by fungal diseases. Used for conservation.
Beam splendor F1 - an early beam hybrid, forms ovaries in any weather, but more abundantly in good lighting. Bears fruit for a long time until a steady autumn cold snap. Salting grade.
Regina-plus F1 Is a super early highly productive hybrid. The bush with weak branching bears fruit amicably and abundantly. The fruits are juicy and tasty both in salads and pickles.
Twixie F1 - an ultra-early ripening cucumber. On a strongly branched bush, dark green fruits are tied together, growing no more than 9 cm. The fruit is tender, crunchy, of universal use.
Tundra F1 - cold-resistant early ripening hybrid. It bears fruit intensively in low light conditions and in persistent cool weather. Not susceptible to viral and fungal diseases. Fruits are even with barely noticeable tubercles. It is consumed fresh and pickled.
Phoenix-plus - late-ripening variety. A long-leaved plant can be formed on a support or left to creep along the ground. High-yielding variety of long-term fruiting, undemanding to care and watering. For preservation and fresh salads.
Crunch F1 - late fruitful hybrid. The bush is tall and branched. The small fruits are juicy and very crunchy and live up to their name. Resistant to a number of common diseases. For harvesting and fresh consumption
Eskimo F1 - ideal for northern regions, even with regular significant drops in nighttime temperatures, the plant develops strong roots. Fruits for universal use.
All of them are loved by gardeners for their unpretentiousness, resistance to many cucumber diseases and the vagaries of the weather. The main characteristics of the listed varieties are shown in the table.
|Variety||Ripening period||Pollination type||Fruit size and weight||Productivity per sq.m., kg|
|Cupid F1||ultra early |
|parthenocarpic||12-15 cm |
|Ajax F1||early maturing |
|bee-pollinated||9-12 cm |
|Valaam F1||early |
|parthenocarpic||up to 6 cm |
|Blizzard F1||early |
|parthenocarpic||up to 8 cm |
|Hector F1||ultra early |
|bee-pollinated||10-12 cm |
|Herman F1||ultra early |
|parthenocarpic||10-11 cm |
|Dolomite F1||early maturing |
|parthenocarpic||9-12 cm |
|Eliseevsky F1||mid-season |
|bee-pollinated||10-15 cm |
|Bush||early maturing |
|bee-pollinated||up to 12 cm |
|Shrub Gift||mid-early |
up to 47 days
|bee-pollinated||9-12 cm |
|Lapland F1||mid-early |
|parthenocarpic||10-11 cm |
|Kid||ultra early |
|bee-pollinated||9-10 cm |
|Ant F1||ultra early |
|parthenocarpic||8-11 cm |
|bee-pollinated||8-13 cm |
|Beam splendor F1||early |
|parthenocarpic||8-11 cm |
|Regina-plus F1||ultra early |
|parthenocarpic||14-16 cm |
|Twixie F1||ultra early |
|bee-pollinated||up to 9 cm |
|Tundra F1||early maturing |
|parthenocarpic||6-8 cm |
|bee-pollinated||10-16 cm |
up to 220 g
|Crunch F1||late |
|bee-pollinated||up to 10 cm |
|Eskimo F1||early |
|bee-pollinated||up to 10 cm |
For many gardeners, the greatest difficulty in caring for cucumbers is the need to form and tie up bushes. You can save yourself from this time-consuming work by planting bush cucumbers. These plants look unusual and very decorative and do not require supports. The main stem does not grow more than 80 cm, but needs to be tied up. The formation of a bush is not difficult even for novice gardeners: the side lashes are pinched only on the 3 lower nodes. After the formation of ovaries, the lateral shoots stop growing, and this is where the formation ends.
The most popular varieties:
Bush cucumbers begin to bear fruit early and amicably. The main crop from the main shoot is harvested in the first month, then ovaries are formed on short lateral shoots.
They are characterized by the fact that they can withstand short-term spring-summer nighttime cold snaps not lower than + 5 ° C, and some for a short time and + 2 ° C. They develop well and bear fruit, even if the summer is cool and cloudy.
Small frosts, when the temperature drops below 0 ° C, not a single cucumber variety will survive!
Some cold-resistant varieties can be recognized by their "chilly" names:
- Cupid F1
- Valaam F1
- Blizzard F1
- Lapland F1
- Tundra F1
- Eskimo F1.
Hybrids are also immune to temperature fluctuations:
These varieties are resistant to almost all cucumber diseases, are unpretentious in care, but they will gratefully respond to loosening the soil and feeding.
The leader of this subspecies is the cucumber Hector F1, the first crop from which can be harvested 28–32 days after germination. The rest of the varieties bear fruit a little later - on days 34–42:
- Cupid F1
- Herman F1
- Twixie F1
- Regina-plus F1
- Ant F1
Ultra-early varieties are also called sprinters. Their advantages, in addition to obtaining early production, include immunity to viral and fungal diseases, and a friendly return of the harvest.
Short-growing cucumbers have shortened lateral shoots, but longer than bush varieties. It is better to form plants in one stem. Abundant ovaries at the nodes of the main stem restrain the growth of lateral shoots.
This type includes cucumbers:
- Cupid F1
- Dolomite F1
- Beam splendor F1
- Regina Plus F1.
Cucumbers are famous water lovers. Their roots are located shallow, and therefore susceptible to lack of moisture and overheating. In areas with hot dry summers, it is better to plant the following varieties:
They are powerful vines with strong branching. The abundance of stems and leaves protects the roots from the sun and prevents the rapid evaporation of moisture. But drought-resistant varieties also require watering every 3-5 days.
Dutch seeds have long established themselves as seeds with 100% germination. Their industrial processing makes it possible to obtain strong plants that are immune to diseases. The fruits of Dutch cucumbers are genetically free from bitterness.
Best-selling Dutch bred hybrids:
These varieties are resistant to bacterial and viral infections.
Cucumbers of late-ripening varieties begin to bear fruit no earlier than 50-60 days from germination. Just at the time when the ultra-early and early bushes have already given their maximum yield and form ovaries moderately, or even dried up altogether and were removed from the garden.
Popular late-ripening varieties:
These cucumbers will bear fruit, weather permitting, and in early fall. Can be used for fresh salads, and canned enough.
In bee-pollinated varieties, male and female flowers are located on the plant. To obtain an ovary, pollen from a male flower must fall on a female one. Pollination is done by insects, not necessarily bees.
If the weather is cold and rainy and the years of the bees are limited, you can pollinate the cucumbers yourself with a cotton swab or brush.
Gardeners give preference to these bee-pollinated varieties:
- Ajax F1
- Hector F1
- Eliseevsky F1
- Shrub Gift
- Twixie F1
- Crunch F1.
The most, my favorite sort of cucumber is Phoenix! I get fresh cucumbers from him until the very frosts. It is also resistant to disease. The main thing is to water regularly. I plant it directly into the ground. I tried to plant seedlings, but the effect is the same, so now I don't bother - right into the ground.
This year I planted a variety of cucumbers "Herman", I am very pleased, they taste good and there is not a single barren flower.
Herman was planted this year. super. both on the street and in the greenhouse. a lot of cucumbers. climbed up in the greenhouse, branched out well, cucumbers were innumerable. Cucumbers hang for a long time, do not turn yellow.
It's good that bush varieties of cucumbers have now appeared, they do not take up much space, and they are in no way inferior to the old varieties in taste.
To be with the harvest of cucumbers every year, it is necessary to choose several varieties with different ripening periods, type of branching, method of pollination, cold and drought resistance, and do not forget to regularly look after the plantings. Whichever variety you choose, you need to regularly water, loosen the ground under the bushes, feed and harvest without overloading the plant. And then no collisions of summer weather will leave your table and cellar without such a healthy and beloved crispy cucumber.
Summer's soon! While there is still time for planting, you need to choose which cucumbers to plant. The problem is that there are unrealistically many varieties for open ground and sometimes it seems that there is no such parameter for which it would be impossible to find at least five or six varieties. It's time to structure the scattered knowledge about cucumbers into a coherent system.
- 1 Popular varieties of cucumbers for open ground
- 2 The best bee-pollinated varieties
- 3 Reviews
What cucumbers are of interest to amateur gardeners? Naturally - unpretentious! Plants are oppressed by sultry sultry days, cold dewy mornings, and omnipresent winds. On six acres, you still need to contrive to find a sunny area, protected from the north side. With the habit of "sticking cabbage here, planting radishes there," it would be good, in general, to be able to find a place for powerful climbing cucumbers, and therefore compact bushes will be just right. And it is also desirable to get the earliest possible harvest. On the other hand, if the harvest is early, then by the end of summer you can stay without cucumbers. Therefore, experienced gardeners also plant late-ripening varieties for a change. And if you have already decided to seriously engage in a vegetable, you need to appreciate the findings of domestic and foreign breeders.
These varieties are convenient to grow in a limited area due to the peculiarities of tillering. In the conditions of a summer cottage, long climbing plants require special attention. Not everyone can quickly figure out the intricacies of pinching and forming lashes. In bush, the stem is shorter (in different varieties from 40 to 50–70 cm), and internodes are shortened. Ripe cucumbers are conveniently located on the green compact hut - just pick!
Popular among gardeners varieties of bush cucumbers and the general appearance of the bush
Cucumber Shorty bush
It looks like a compact bush cucumber Bush
The external characteristics of bush cucumbers are such that they simply cannot produce many fruits. But their shape and taste are simply excellent! Bush crops, as a rule, have small fruits 9–12 cm in size, bright green, with an excellent pronounced taste, which allows them to be used fresh, salads, and preparations.
You can recognize small bushes by their names: Kid, Malyshok, Malyutka, Korotyshka, Kustovoy. Bush varieties of cucumbers are early ripening. After a month and a half from the moment the first leaf appears, you can pick fresh cucumbers. Shrub plants do not suffer from fungal and bacterial diseases of cucumbers, which makes them favorites among other varieties. These vegetables also tolerate fluctuations in the weather, so they are harvested even in bad weather.
According to gardeners, the fruiting of bush cucumbers is amicable and ends three weeks after the appearance of the first fruit, this allows you to use the area after the cucumbers under the autumn greens.
Short-growing cucumbers also do not differ in height, they do not grow up to a meter. Most often they are grown under film shelters. But varieties that form a strong main stem grow without cover. The Altai early variety uses good reviews from gardeners. It is able to withstand short-term temperature drops without much loss. Altai early fruits are light green, elliptical, with white thorns, do not have a pronounced taste, therefore it is used in salads. Cupid is an ultra-early variety. Gherkin, universal. Cupid is quite whimsical, needs feeding and a comfortable temperature. It is susceptible to viral and fungal diseases of cucumbers and is affected by pests. Partnocarpic alphabet. Gives delicious gherkin type cucumbers resistant to viral and fungal diseases. Within a month, it gives a good harvest, then fruiting is weaker due to lateral shoots.
Altai early and other short-leaved varieties
Here is a group of hybrids (F1 Alphabet, F1 Cupid, F1 Regina-plus, F1 Bouquet, F1 Balalaika), in which the lateral shoots are very short bouquet branches. Having reached a length of 15 cm, they themselves stop growing.
The ultra-early hybrids include Masha, Voyage and Ant. Begin to bear fruit from the 35-38th day. All these cucumbers are parthenocarpic hybrids that do not require fertilization. Masha is an excellent variety, resistant to viral and fungal diseases. Masha gives excellent gherkins, they are good for food both fresh and in pickles. Voyage is also resistant to diseases, fruits are used fresh and in salads. And Ant is a versatile variety, the fruits can be used for any purpose. Cucumber Ant is not sick. The already described Malysh and Altai early ripen very quickly, in just a little over 5 weeks. For its early maturity, probably by analogy with the arrows of Cupid, the ultra-early short-brained hybrid Cupid is valued. The fruits ripen on the 42-45th day from the emergence of seedlings, round and small in size. You can also name the Merengue hybrids, with crunchy tasty fruits Anzor, which is resistant to diseases and temperature extremes Hector, high-yielding, disease-resistant, besides, very tasty parthenocarpic Siberian courtyard is fruitful, ultra-early, stable. All these cucumbers produce universal fruits.
Cucumber Masha for universal use
Universal Cucumbers Ant
A versatile variety of Meringue cucumbers
Cucumber Hector is disease resistant
Cucumber variety Siberian yard
In order to be able to please yourself and your probably numerous relatives with fragrant tasty cucumbers all summer long, you should also stock up on a couple of late-ripening varieties. While the early cucumbers delight the taste and delight the eye, the later ones are gradually gaining juices in order to give away just when the first wave of the harvest subsided. The root system of late varieties of cucumbers develops for a long time, up to 50 days, but then it provides its offspring with adequate nutrition for a long time.
Late-ripening cucumbers begin to bear fruit 50 or even 70 days after planting. They can be used for any purpose: fresh, in salads, for pickling and pickling. The stable dark green pigment in most late varieties provides an excellent appearance of the blanks.
Some of the best varieties, according to gardeners:
- Chinese climbing.
Late-ripening varieties are generally resistant to bacterial and fungal diseases. The yield of these varieties is ensured through a long fruiting period. Plants only need full care and watering. You just need to remember to pick vegetables on time. However, this applies to all other cucumbers too.
Cucumber variety Nezhinsky is time-tested
Cucumber Winner Resistant to Many Diseases
Phoenix cucumber universal
Farmer - disease resistant universal cucumber variety
Nizhyn cucumbers have a long history. This is one of the oldest varieties, retaining its relevance to our time. In addition to its excellent appearance and excellent taste, cucumbers of the Nezhinsky variety are distinguished by resistance to diseases, as well as tolerance to temperature fluctuations.
The winner produces large lumpy fruits, ideal for pickling. The variety is fruitful, resistant to fungal diseases.
Phoenix is a late-ripening fruitful variety with universal gherkins.
The farmer is an example of an excellent variety with fruits of universal use. Shows resistance to diseases of cucumbers.
For our summer residents, in an unpredictable climate with cold dews in the morning, it is important to have a couple of cold-resistant varieties in stock. Cold-resistant - cucumbers that can withstand a drop in temperature to +2 degrees. No cucumber can stand temperatures below this!
Not all varieties of open field cucumbers can withstand cold precipitation and low temperatures. In regions where such weather conditions are often observed, it is recommended to plant cold-resistant varieties in the beds. Such cucumbers are represented by triple hybrids, which in the process of selection are grafted with parental forms of varieties from cold regions. Plants are adapted to cold winds and low air humidity. An example of such varieties is the hybrids "F1 First class", "F1 Balalaika", "F1 Cheetah".
The rest of the cold-resistant hybrids can be remembered by their "chilly" names:
- Winter storm
- Valaam and others.
These hybrids are also resistant to various bacterial diseases. The advantage of cold-resistant cucumbers is the ability to bear fruit until late autumn.
Common cold-resistant varieties
Cold-resistant hybrids Valaam, Blizzard, Metelitsa, Tundra have a pleasant taste, can be used fresh and for canning. Often these hybrids do not need pollination and are able to form ovaries in the fall, after the onset of cold weather. The general recommendation of experienced gardeners in relation to cold-resistant hybrids: it should be planted in the ground in seedlings in order to ensure optimal development of the bush.
Drought and heat resistant
The other extreme weather is heat, dry. But breeders have long bred heat-resistant and drought-resistant varieties. In the heat, at high temperatures, experienced gardeners recommend mulching the soil with sawdust or white, reflective mulch, lutrosil. It is also necessary to maintain soil moisture to prevent the roots of the cucumbers from drying out.
Cucumber has varietal differences in heat resistance. Hybrids created on the basis of varieties from Central Asia, India, North China have increased heat resistance.
The abnormally hot summer of 2010 tolerated better than others such hybrids as F1 Petrel, F1 Farmer, F1 Lord, F1 Maryina Roshcha, F1 Ant, F1 Balkonny, etc., as well as hybrids of the Zozulya variety: F1 Makar, F1 Marta, F1 Melnitsa.
Drought is a prolonged period without rain, resulting in a decrease in air humidity. Under these conditions, the plants suffer, the stems and leaves of cucumbers wither. As a rule, prolonged hot weather leads to both overheating and drought. Therefore, breeding often results in varieties with resistance to both unfavorable factors, this is "conjugate resistance".
The best heat and drought tolerant - gallery
Far Eastern 27 universal variety of cucumbers
Cucumber Chinese heat resistant
The best heat-resistant and drought-resistant hybrids: Bukhara, Tamerlane, Kochubey, Far East 27, Chinese heat-resistant. All of these hybrids are capable of withstanding major diseases. The fruits of Bukhara, Kochubei, Tamerlane and Far Eastern 27 cucumbers are small, up to 14-15 cm, and the Chinese heat-resistant reaches a length of 30-50 cm. All drought-resistant hybrids have a rich cucumber taste and are successfully used in any form.
Our gardeners have long liked the fruits of Dutch selection. The seeds have a high germination capacity, and the hybrids are fruitful and give even, uniform, small gherkin-type fruits. Dutch cucumbers have excellent taste, which allows them to be used for any purpose. Known outdoor hybrids: Masha, Herman, Athena, Ajax, Claudia. These cucumbers calmly tolerate temperature fluctuations, temporary irrigation errors, while being highly resistant to almost all diseases of cucumbers. It has already been said about Masha, an ultra-early beautiful hybrid. Hermann is one of the best Dutch cucumbers we grow. German is a high-yielding parthenocarpic cucumber with gherkin-type fruits. The plant is resistant to viral and fungal diseases. In addition to the high cost of seeds, the negative differences of the German variety include poor survival rate when planting by seedlings, therefore it is recommended to transplant with a large earthen clod. Herman can be affected by pests: spider mites, aphids, root nematodes, so the bushes must be treated with chemicals for prevention. The Athena variety is an early parthenocarpic. Gives fruits for universal use. Ajax is an early bee-pollinated variety. Virtually devoid of disadvantages, can tolerate overheating, disease resistant. Gives a good harvest with exceptional marketable characteristics. Ajax fruits are delicious, they are eaten fresh and salted. Claudia is a parthenocarpic hybrid that grows outdoors even in shaded areas (can be grown on a balcony). Claudia is characterized by abundant fruiting. The fruits are tasty, universal. The relative disadvantage of Claudia is thermophilicity.
Cucumbers Masha ultra early Dutch hybrid
Heat-loving cucumbers Claudia
Despite the fact that by the type of reproduction these vegetables are: parthenocarpic (not requiring fertilization), self-pollinated and bee-pollinated, bee-pollinated varieties are best suited for open ground. Bee-pollinated cucumbers have a rich, pronounced taste and firm crunchy flesh. The very names of these cucumbers already give an idea of the qualities of the fruit. I would like to note several bee-pollinated varieties. Appetizing, early, disease resistant. The competitor is mid-early. Good for pickling and pickling, but due to its thick skin, it is not suitable for fresh consumption. Disease-resistant. Cons: If not harvested on time, the fruits will outgrow. Variety Barrel salted disease resistant, fruitful. Gives large-tuberous fruits of the gherkin type, tasty, suitable for consumption in any form. Teremok is high-yielding, disease-resistant. Fruits are white-thorny, large-lumpy, good in harvesting and fresh. Swallow is one of the new hybrids, high-yielding, universal fruit. Acorn hybrid early maturing high-yielding. The fruits are crispy and tasty.
Cucumbers varieties Barrel pickled
She planted bush cucumbers of the Malysh variety. It's funny. Looks like a marrow bush in miniature. The cucumbers do not outgrow, small, easy to collect, not bitter. The lashes are not very long. They do not need a garter. The yield is average.
The most, my favorite sort of cucumber is Phoenix! I get fresh cucumbers from him until the very frosts. It is also resistant to disease. The main thing is to water regularly. I plant it directly into the ground. I also tried to plant seedlings, but the effect is the same, so now I don’t bother, just into the ground.
This year I planted a variety of cucumbers "Herman", I am very pleased, they taste good and there is not a single barren flower.
There is an opinion that cucumbers are the most commonly used vegetable in our country, which determines such a variety of varieties and hybrids of cucumbers. Sweet, delicate, thin-skinned and dense, crispy, firm - an enviable range of flavors! And whatever cucumbers we choose, we will win.
Tomato with a proud name Eagle heart occupies the bottom line of our top. Everyone who grows these giant tomatoes with an elongated tip, shaped like a heart, leaves only positive reviews about it. Fruit weight reaches 600-800 g, and sometimes up to 1 kg. One such pink-raspberry fleshy "hulk" - and you can feed the whole family with a salad! The tomato pulp is sugary, juicy and sweet.
The variety is determinant, with an average ripening period - in a greenhouse with nutritious soil, the bushes grow up to 170 cm and need pinching and a garter. Outdoors, they may be slightly lower. But their yield sometimes exceeds 10 kg per bush. For such impressive results, no effort is spared. Moreover, the tomato shows resistance to most diseases, does not lose its shape during transportation and can be stored for up to 3 months.
Features of salted specimens
Salting varieties can be identified even by eye. They have the shape of a cylinder, do not differ in gigantic dimensions. Skin color - green with a dark tint, diluted with light stripes. Full of bumps and spines to the touch.
Black thorns indicate that the fruit is ripe and ready to let the brine inside. White thorns will show that this is a cucumber for salad, not for canning. Overgrown fruits have a soft tail on the outside and hard large seeds on the inside. Such specimens will not differ in high taste in salty form.
When choosing vegetables, special attention should be paid to the peel. Too thin will not be able to maintain crispness when cooked
Old, excessively thick, will remain rough when canned. A popular way to determine the desired cucumber: if it is pierced with a fingernail with a little effort, then it will definitely be suitable for harvesting.
Note! In salting, mid-ripening, as well as late-ripening varieties ripened in open space, are distinguished by the best taste. Early vegetables from the greenhouse are more delicate in taste, but after heat treatment they retain their crispness and presentation worse.
Usually such cucumbers go to salads, slices to the table.
New varieties of cucumbers: a review of new products in 2016, 2017
1365 varieties and hybrids of cucumbers are registered in the State Register alone. And how many are not yet included in the register! And breeders continue to create more and more new varieties of cucumbers, improving them, endowing them with new valuable qualities (taste, resistance to diseases and weather conditions, high yield). How can we, ordinary summer residents, find out about new products? You can read gardening magazines, ask to show the new varieties of cucumbers from 2016 and 2017 in a garden store. And we will take a look, perhaps, at the websites of manufacturers and agricultural firms. In our opinion, the most popular of them are:
- "Seeds of Altai",
- "Siberian Garden",
- "Russian vegetable garden".
On the website of the agricultural firm "Sedek" in the section "Packaged seeds" a separate heading is highlighted New items of 2016. There is no such heading for 2017. Probably have not had time to update the catalog yet. But 2016 has just ended, and therefore these seeds will be considered the newest. Here they are - 7 cucumber novelties (all hybrids):
Alligator 2 F1, Faithful friend F1, Children's whim F1, Prokofiev F1, Richter F1, Strauss F1, Schubert F1.
You can read more about the new products on the website of the Sedek agricultural company at the link: http://www.sedek.ru/catalog/novinki-2016/. And we are moving on.
The company's website also contains a detailed catalog of seeds, among them the beloved "green ones". Among the varieties, new items are marked with a corresponding mark in red, for example:
The complete catalog, including new cucumbers, can be viewed here: http://gavrishseeds.ru/catalog/ovoshhi/ogurecz.
The following new items are highlighted on the website of the Moscow representative office of the Altai Seeds agrofirm (although it is not clear for what year):
Full catalog of cucumber seeds: https://alsemya.ru/semena-ovoshhej/ogurci/.
In the current price list of the agricultural firm "Siberian Garden" the following varieties of cucumbers are marked "New":
Full catalog with descriptions of varieties: http://sibsad-nsk.ru/internet-magazin?folder_id=24292211&mode=folder.
Also in the online store on the site "Siberian Garden" new items from other manufacturers (namely, new items of 2017) are marked:
- F1 Adventure (Prestige),
- Excitement F1 (Prestige).
Among the new products on the site are also:
- Cloud F1 (Elkom) - a new, improved hybrid of the famous and reliable pickling cucumber Claudia F1.
- Kumanek F1 (Aelita) is a new early maturing bee-pollinated hybrid.
- Magdalena F1 (Prestige) is the newest early high-yielding hybrid.
- Maurina F1 (NS Holland) is a very promising novelty.
- Mikhalych F1 (Aelita) is a new early ripening variety.
- Plaid F1 (Aelita) - a new, early maturing, high-yielding parthenocarpic hybrid
- Russian Express F1 (Aelita) is a new hybrid. Fruit without bitterness.
- Salad (Aelita) is a novelty, very fruitful, excellent taste.
- Samych F1 (Aelita) is a new bee-pollinated hybrid.
- Miracle bouquet F1 (Gavrish) is a new super-yielding parthenocarpic hybrid.
- Ela F1 (Elkom) is a new improved hybrid of Zozulya F1 cultivar.
- Eskimo F1 (Biotechnics) is an early ripe cucumber, a new generation of cold-resistant cucumbers for the Northern regions.
On the website of the Poisk agrofirm, all new varieties of vegetables are placed in a separate heading: http://www.semenasad.ru/ovoshhi/category/novinki-2/. Among the cucumber novelties we will find there:
- F1 summer scent,
- Bagration F1, Bastion F1, White dragon F1, Bodrik F1, Bouquet for mom F1,
- Fan F1, Cheerful family F1, Taste of childhood F1,
- Ladies' Man F1, Country Ambassador F1, Children's World F1,
- Ivan Tsarevich F1, Emerald Placer F1,
- Chinese Emperor F1, Claudia Agro F1,
- Gourmet F1, Confucius 'Favorite F1, Hostess' Favorite F1,
- Malachite box, Little Prince F1, Baby pencils F1, Marina F1, Multi-Multi F1, Multifruit F1,
- Unstoppable F1, Trailblazer F1,
- First-timer F1, Pragmatic F1, Prize-winner F1,
- F1 record,
- Salad Hero F1, Skorokhod F1, Smiley F1, Sprinter F1, Suzdalets F1,
- Refectory F1,
- Fast and Furious F1,
- Chrustlyandiya F1, Crunchy slice F1,
- Curly forelock F1,
- Goldfinch F1, Nutcracker F1,
- F1 Crew, F1 Express.
There are a lot of new products. Probably because the company is very popular.
Another mega-popular seed producer. In the New Products catalog on the website http://www.ailita.ru/novelties/paketirovan-semena-ovoshey/?letter=%CE, the letter "O" contains cucumbers separately. Among the new varieties of the company "Aelita":
- Banzai F1 - early maturing,
- Without bees F1 - a mixture of early maturing hybrids,
- Boatswain F1 - early maturing,
- Tubercle F1 - ultra early,
- Bourgeois F1 - early maturing,
- All the way F1 - early maturing,
- Detochkin F1 - mid-early,
- Dmitry Donskoy F1 - ultra-early maturing,
- Saline F1 - early ripe,
- Robber Cossacks - early ripe,
- Crocodile Gena F1 - ultra early,
- Family favorite F1 - early maturing,
- Little man with a marigold F1 - medium early,
- For fork F1 - parthenocarpic,
- For a snack F1 - early ripe,
- Plaid F1 - early maturing,
- Our F1 guy is mid-early
- Unusual miracle F1 - early ripe salad,
- F1 slider - early maturing,
- Samych F1 itself is early maturing,
- Seven F1 - ultra-early maturing,
- Hacker F1 - early maturing,
- Kharitoshka F1 - early maturing,
- Shishkin F1 - early maturing,
- Shremski F1 - early maturing.
On the site of the seed producer "Russian Garden" you need to go to the catalog http://www.ncsemena.ru - section "Cucumbers" and check the box "Show only new items". There are three of them. Not as many as previous manufacturers. I can assume that these are the freshest novelties of 2017:
We hope that in this article we helped you with the search for new products for 2016 - 2017, and you will choose among them exactly those varieties of cucumbers that will give the best harvest and delight you in the new summer season!