If there were a lot of slugs on your site in the summer, then it's time to take action. Otherwise, in the next season, their number will increase manifold.
The most responsible time
Slugs lay eggs in the fall, after which they burrow into the ground to hibernate or die. Each individual is capable of laying up to 500 eggs. After winter, not all will hatch, but the livestock will grow significantly. If they are not eradicated, the entire crop and even flowers will suffer.
Destruction of crops is not the only harm from slugs. They carry parasitic and fungal diseases that are dangerous to animals and humans.
To avoid trouble in the coming season, tackle the problem in the fall. Pests sleep, do not crawl away and do not hide. The vegetable garden has already been cleaned, which gives a good view and opens up access to the hibernation sites of adult slugs and eggs.
Each clutch consists of several dozen transparent eggs with a diameter of 2 mm.
Most likely, eggs and adults will be underground in those places where something very tasty for them grew before. These are, first of all, beds with cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes, former hosta thickets.
What methods of struggle to choose
Today, perhaps the most effective and environmentally friendly way to deal with slugs is the use of the "EkoKiller" product. The insecticide is made on the basis of diatomite. It is a natural substance that does not harm animals, people and soil.
The preparation in the form of a dry powder is distributed over the surface of the soil, after which it is sprinkled with earth.
With the onset of the new season, adults and slugs hatched from eggs will crawl to the surface and will certainly pass through the "EcoKiller" layer, which will cause their mass death. This way you will destroy the most of them.
There are cheaper but also more difficult methods. You can search for clutches of slugs and treat them with boiling water or vinegar.
It is also possible to carry out preliminary pest control during the summer season. To do this, many gardeners use the following methods:
- manual collection at dusk, dawn or after rain;
- baits with beer, cabbage leaves, sweet apples;
- scattering of hot spices (mustard, red pepper);
- sprinkling paths and beds with coarse salt;
- spraying plants with vinegar, alcohol or ammonia solutions;
- false shelters made of cardboard, boards, followed by collection and destruction;
- mechanical obstacles from coniferous needles, sand, chalk, ash, broken shells;
- oak leaf mulch;
- preparations based on metaldehyde such as "Thunderstorm-3", "StopUlit", "Slizneed".
Terms of work
Weather conditions are sometimes unpredictable, therefore, regardless of whether you live in central Russia, the Moscow region, Siberia or the Urals, you should be guided not by the calendar, but by the weather itself. October. Perhaps even November.
It is worth starting from the air temperature and the onset of pest hibernation.
There are different types of slugs. Some hibernate even when the air temperature is below + 8 ° C. There are species that still retain little activity even at 0 ° C.
You will determine the suitable period of soil treatment visually: the slugs will disappear from your site.
Autumn pest control is convenient and most fruitful. It will prevent slugs from sprouting in the spring.
How to get rid of slugs in the garden
Sometimes good weather not only pleases summer residents with warm days, but also promotes the reproduction of garden pests. If autumn generously rewarded gardeners with an abundance of precipitation, but summer turned out to be extremely warm and rainy, then you can expect such insects as slugs to visit.
Molluscs, despite their harmless appearance, are capable of causing simply enormous damage to the crop. If conditions are favorable for them, then they multiply quite quickly. In just a couple of months, the population increases several times. Slugs eat up the lower leaves of plants, and also spoil berries and vegetables. Another problem is that they are carriers of infections (for example, powdery mildew), which are dangerous for summer cottages.
Thus, summer residents note the following problems:
- spoilage of young growing plants with young leaves
- eating juicy fruits and vegetables because of which they rot and lose their attractive appearance
- transfer of harmful infections from plant to plant.
An avid gardener does not need such a neighborhood. If you ignore the problem, then the slugs will multiply rapidly. It is necessary to immediately take measures to destroy the slugs, and the fight should continue throughout the season, including the autumn period.
Chemicals for slug and snail control
As soon as the summer resident discovers the damage, he decides to immediately get rid of such pests with "heavy artillery". A variety of chemistry against slugs in the garden is used. There are quite a few different products on sale. It is better to consult with sellers about their use.
The most popular and proven anti-slug remedies in the arsenal of gardeners:
- freshly slaked lime
- ground iron sulfate
- a mixture of bleach and furnace ash (proportion 1: 4).
Do not forget that the use of any chemistry in your home area should be reasonable. Otherwise, in such a struggle, much more serious harm can be caused, including to human health.
Meta or Groza preparations containing metaldehyde are often used. The active substance poisons pests and even scares away birds. But it is also harmful to humans in large quantities. The drug is presented in the form of blue granules, which must be used in a volume of 15 g / 5 sq. m. It is better to scatter in one place where the largest number of molluscs or not far from affected plants. This is usually enough to get rid of slugs in the area for 2-3 weeks.
Superphosphate works well against shellfish. It should be scattered in thin strips in 2-3 rows around the beds. However, such protection ceases to work after strong wind or rain.
After poisoning, mollusks leave behind poisonous mucus, which has a detrimental effect on their relatives.
When using these methods, extra care should be taken near young plants because they can absorb chemicals as they grow.
Mechanical processing method
For hardworking summer residents who are afraid to spoil the earth and plants with chemicals, a mechanical or manual method of dealing with slugs is suitable. When weeding or hilling the beds, you can see slugs on the fruits or leaves. It is better to collect them with tweezers. Due to their soft body, it is quite difficult to crush them, so it is better to place them in a container and destroy them in other ways.
Manual and mechanical methods include:
- picking by hand from bushes and beds
- watering the bottom of the bushes with 60-70 ° C water (not with boiling water)
- protecting seedlings with plastic bottles
- covering the beds with foil
- creation of obstacles for the movement of mollusks.
A video that tells about the fight in the garden with snails and slugs
Traps for slugs, which can be built from plywood, boards, burlap, sheets of metal, help well. Set aside a small piece of land for traps (preferably 1-2 m2). Don't water it for several days. After the top layer of the earth dries well, lay the traps. Lay sheets of plywood, metal, or planks flat on the ground, 15-20 cm apart. Saturate the ground well with water under them. This will become a bait - fleeing the heat during the day, they will slide under these boards. Check the traps every 2-3 days to periodically destroy the slugs until they disappear completely.
Often such mechanical methods act as an additional method for killing slugs in the garden. Plastic bottles do a good job of protecting ascending shoots, but they cannot be used all the time. Sometimes beds with young seedlings covered with foil become "slug traps". At night, they slide under the film, because it is humid and cool there, so you need to check such greenhouses in the morning.
Some summer residents recommend building a kind of "barricades". Grooves with straw, coarse sand or ash can be left around the beds. Mollusks practically do not crawl through them. Also, nuts or eggshells, lime or tobacco dust are used as a barrier.
Reproduction of slugs
Terrestrial gastropods are able to live on land, but prefer high humidity. If you water your garden abundantly, you have a lot of shade from the trees, then excellent conditions are created for their reproduction. In literally one season, they can become a real disaster.
How do slugs breed in your garden?
By their nature, they are hermaphrodites and each individual can lay eggs after cross fertilization. Moreover, each of the partners lays 20-30 eggs, of which offspring appear in 2-3 weeks. Those. in one summer cottage season, 6-7 generations can change, and the population growth is exponential.
One slug over the summer can lay up to 500 eggs in total.
Adults die with the onset of cold weather, but egg clutches successfully overwinter in the ground. As soon as a thaw sets in, the pests are picked out of the ground and begin a new breeding cycle.
Fighting slugs in the garden with plants
Like any natural inhabitants, mollusks are perfectly oriented among plants. The innate sense of smell helps them in this. They quickly find food for themselves, but there are also many plants that they simply cannot stand. The "black list" of slugs in the garden includes:
- garlic and onion
- mustard and pepper
- oregano, etc.
Simply put, they don't like strong-smelling cultures. The onion and garlic beds are perfectly protected from land molluscs and can be used to protect other plants as well. Separate garlic and onion arrows are sometimes planted in different places on the site for prevention.
Some avid summer residents have their own recipe - garlic and onion infusion for processing the beds. 200 grams of garlic and onions can be soaked in 50-60 liters of water (one bucket). Dacha plants should be sprayed 4-5 times per season with an active fight against slugs, 2-3 times per season as a preventive measure.
Horseradish helps in this matter. It has a stinging root that molluscs bypass. Wormwood, parsley and nettle come to the rescue. On their basis, decoctions or infusions are also made, which are used for spraying the beds. In addition, they are afraid of leaves, which can be laid out in the beds or around the perimeter of the site.
Folk methods against slugs in the garden
Experienced summer residents, by barely noticeable signs, determine that uninvited guests begin to settle on the site. Such an invasion is easier to prevent because it often takes an entire season to remove the slugs. There are some tips:
- weed out and remove weeds because they create shade and moisture for slugs
- avoid excessive moisture in the garden
- remove the bottom leaves of cabbage and lettuce so that young slugs cannot grow there
- use onion and garlic bushes as a natural barrier
- protect the beds with spice broths or other means.
A combination of different methods allows you to control the reproduction of pests so that you do not have to destroy slugs in the garden with the help of chemicals.
How you got rid of slugs and snails on your site, share in the comments, maybe it will be useful to someone.
Video with helpful tips for dealing with slugs and snails in the garden
Fighting slugs in the country and in the garden
By creating comfort for plants, mulching plantings, retaining moisture in the beds, we thereby create comfortable conditions for slugs. In order to prevent them from breeding, you need to periodically inspect the heads of cabbage and collect pests. Pests are collected early in the morning or in the evening. Place the collected pests in a strong salt solution, where they die there.
Or make some kind of traps. To do this, dig small cans into the ground, fill them with fermented kvass, beer, compote. The slugs will creep up on the smell, climb into the jar and drown.
Traps can be made from pieces of dark oilcloth, slate, boards. Place them between the cabbage rows and pick them up in a day or two. You will see that a lot of pests have accumulated under them. It remains only to collect and destroy them.
"Storm" - g a vialized preparation of contact-intestinal action. This drug was originally produced in Switzerland under the name Meta.
Getting into the intestines when eating the granules, the active ingredient metaldehyde absorbs all moisture, drying out the skin, preventing the mollusk from moving and causing the mollusk to die after 2 hours. The drug is released in the form of blue granules, which must be scattered between the cabbage heads. It is best to do this starting in early spring. The drug works for about three weeks. Does not lose its properties in rainy weather.
"Slime Eater" - Russian drug against slugs and snails. The active active ingredient is again metaldehyde. Protects vegetables, fruit and berry plants, flowers, grapes from pests. Produces in the form of granules, which are scattered along the paths and in the beds, under the trees. Convenient to use, has a long shelf life.
For some mammals and birds, slugs are a delicacy. If your pets move with you to the summer cottage, then introduce mollusks into the diet of lizards and snakes. If you decide to start breeding chickens and ducks, then these birds will also bite mollusks with pleasure. Moles, shrews, hedgehogs and frogs also love to eat slugs. Consider whether to destroy them if you have a lot of slugs in your garden.
Recently, a new biological drug for slugs has appeared on the European market - the Phasmarhabditis-System. Depending on the volume of the package, the tube contains from 12 to 30 million nematodes. Using the drug is simple: you just make a working solution and treat the soil with it. And then the nematodes will get down to business. Having found a mollusk, they will penetrate its respiratory system. Once in the body, nematodes begin to multiply, which leads to the death of the host. It should be noted that these nematodes feed only on mollusks, they are not terrible for humans and domestic animals.
There are no analogues among domestic drugs yet. But let's hope that they will appear soon: summer residents always need safe and reliable means of struggle.
- Sprinkle mustard powder over slugs.
- Mix equal parts ground pepper, salt and wood ash. Spread onto the soil and loosen to a depth of 5 cm.
- In the evening, spray the planting with a solution: add 2 tablespoons of ammonia to 1 liter of water.
Spread white cabbage leaves, wet rags, and planks all over the area. After a while, clams will gather under them. Another way is to place shallow containers with beer near the beds. Molluscs are not indifferent to this drink and will soon gather at the containers for a friendly feast.
Quickly remove weeds during the growing season of plants.
Plant garlic and parsley where slugs are especially prolific. These crops have repellent properties.
If baits and folk remedies did not help you, try using modern preparations of contact-intestinal action. There are many of them on the market today, they are produced in the form of granules. The drug is scattered at the rate of 15 g per 5 m 2. The slugs eat the pellets and die from poisoning two hours later. It is practical to create a barrier against pests by scattering the preparation around their favorite plants.
According to the manufacturers, it is enough to use the drug twice per season.
How to deal with slugs in the garden
There are many effective control methods that will help get rid of unwanted settlers in your garden beds. But all known methods are mainly aimed at creating the most unfavorable living conditions for mollusks. Timely prevention plays a huge role in this process, which should be started in early spring before planting seedlings. Let's consider in detail the most popular methods.
This is the easiest, albeit unpleasant, way to fight parasites. It is best to collect gastropods in the morning, when they have not yet had time to hide in the wet shade. Slugs love:
- wood and metal surfaces
- the bottom of the porch
- hoses and watering cans.
They hide in cabbage roots and in strawberry rosettes. Of course, the process of collecting how many creatures is not very pleasant, but the sooner you start collecting them, the faster you will be able to evict uninvited guests from the site.
Traps and baits
In the fight against garden pests, special devices help: traps and baits. You can make them from any material at hand, but such homemade products are an excellent alternative to manually collecting slugs. Traps are set in the late afternoon or afternoon in places where mollusks like to rest after a night raid on the beds. When the parasites gather again in the next campaign in search of food, they will surely fall into the prepared trap.
An overview of the most effective traps:
- Ancillary material. For the construction of the trap, you will need cardboard, pieces of slate, trim boards, linoleum remnants, cabbage leaves and burdock. In the place where the ambush is set, it is not worth watering the ground for several days. Then moisten the area abundantly and spread out all the inventory listed. An accumulation of slugs will be found in the morning. All that remains is to collect them and then destroy them.
- A similar bait is prepared from pieces of roofing material and burdock leaves. In the early morning, you can collect pests, after putting on gloves, since the mucus secreted by shellfish is poorly washed off. You can use tweezers to make the task easier.
- Beer traps are the most popular method for controlling gastropod parasites. Little gluttons love the smell of fermentation. You can use any auxiliary materials by dampening them with a foamy drink. Alternatively, take several plastic bottles, cut off the neck, pour a little beer into each vessel. Then bury the prepared baits in different places so that the mollusks can get into the prepared trap. They will no longer be able to get out into the wild. Some summer residents use kvass, any juice, syrups or fermented compote instead of beer. An important point: the beer trap cannot be set during the day, as beneficial insects can fall on the bait. Disposable plastic cups can be used as a vessel.
- The bait with kefir is prepared in a similar way. The sour smell attracts parasites, so they easily fall for deceiving treats.
- Fruit traps can be prepared from watermelon or pumpkin rinds. Slugs love the smell of citrus fruits and melons. The method for preparing the bait is extremely simple: first, a hole is made in the pieces of the peel from the fruit, and then the traps are placed on the site. It is important to place them skinned up.
- A corn trap is made from any cereal product: flour or cereal. In this case, the same technique is used: the bait is poured into several cans or plastic bottles with the neck cut off. Then these containers are buried in several places on the site in an inclined position so that the insatiable mollusks can freely enter them. Slug corn is a deadly treat. Therefore, by morning, the bank will be filled with dead invertebrates, which will need to be removed from the site and disposed of.
- Scent traps work well against slugs too. They can be done in greenhouses and basements, and not only in the garden. Molluscs do not tolerate the smell of lavender, laurel, sage, rosemary and other spices. Therefore, you can lay out baits with spices next to cultivated plants, and it is better to plant them around the perimeter or in the aisle of the beds.
What to do with slugs
Every summer resident asks himself this question after collecting the "harvest" of pests. The most humane method is to carry it away from home to the forest and bury it. But if there are chickens or any other poultry on the farm, it is better to give the catch to the birds. Another way to get rid of pests is to throw them into a body of water. Local fish will gladly accept such a tasty gift.
This pest control technique consists in blocking the path of gastropod parasites using available materials. For this purpose, you can use:
- wood ash
- coffee grounds
- dry mustard
- crushed snail shells and other rough and sharp materials.
First, along the perimeter of the site and between the beds, they make narrow trenches in the ground at a distance of about 10–20 cm. If berry bushes and fruit trees need to be saved from slugs, then a shaft of sand can be poured near each object.
Water works well as a protective barrier if long containers (grooves) are filled with it and placed close to the beds. Once in the water, the mollusks die immediately.
Some summer residents use copper wire against pests. It is known that this metal conducts electrical discharges well. To destroy the parasites, it is necessary to bury the wire in the ground, then, upon contact with the metal, the mollusk will certainly receive a portion of the electric discharge.
Good to know: such "cordons" will not only help in the fight against slugs, but also have a detrimental effect on insects.
Methods for dealing with the use of chemicals work flawlessly and always with good results. But there is always a risk that, in addition to the destroyed enemies of the crop, a blow will be inflicted on the soil and cultivated plants. Therefore, the use of such drugs must be treated very carefully. And the main thing is to choose proven and less dangerous options. Experts recommend purchasing products based on the pesticide metaldehyde. The most popular drugs are the products "Groza" and "Slizneed". Both products are available in the form of granules and powder concentrate, which is very convenient for use.
How to apply chemicals:
- The principle of the "Thunderstorm" is to attract shellfish. They simply eat the drug, and die a few hours after the meal. You need to use granules or powder no later than three weeks before harvesting garden crops. The drug is scattered between the beds in the calculation: 15–20 g of the poisonous product per 5 m². A more economical use case can be applied, that is, point distribution of the product. But in any case, an impenetrable barrier for slugs will be created.
- The method of using "Slime-Eater" is the same. Processing should be carried out in places where there is a large accumulation of shellfish. The last treatment can only be carried out during the period of fruit formation, and the crop in this area is allowed to be harvested only 21 days after the pest control measure.
- Means "Ulicid" is less toxic than the drugs described above. Its main active ingredient is iron phosphate. The preparation is produced in the form of blue or bluish granules, which are also used to treat places attractive for the mollusk. The calculation of the drug is made according to the same formula that applies to products based on the pesticide metaldehyde. The advantage of "Ulicid" is that, unlike "Thunderstorms" and "Slug-Eater", it is safe for poultry and pets.
An important point! Chemicals can be used only when other options for dealing with slugs do not work. After each treatment, hands should be thoroughly washed with soap and water so that toxic substances do not enter the body. With frequent use of chemicals, there is a risk that hazardous to health components will enter fruits and vegetables through the soil.
Many effective ways to combat garden pests are offered by experienced gardeners and gardeners. Folk methods have confirmed their effectiveness in practice. In addition, they were all designed to minimize possible harm to humans and beneficial plants.
We offer the best recipes from the folk encyclopedia:
Hot pepper decoction
To prepare a killer composition, you need to take several pods of hot peppers. Dry and then grind the pods. You should get 1/2 kg of sharp powder, which should be poured with a bucket of water. The pepper solution should be infused for two days, then it must be boiled and insisted for another two days. This volume of broth is enough for several treatments. But you need to store the finished composition in a warm place.
Use a product for spraying garden and horticultural crops. You need to carry out processing twice: before and after flowering. And for the first time, the working solution is prepared according to the scheme: for a bucket of water, 0.5 liters of pepper decoction and 1/2 glass of liquid soap.
For the second treatment, a solution of a weaker concentration is prepared.
Helpful advice: dry pepper can be added to any soil mulching compound.
Treatment with potassium salt solution
This method is very popular in the CIS countries. It is simple and economical. To prepare the working composition, you will need a bucket (10 l) of water and 1 kg of salt. To achieve the maximum effect, it is advisable to carry out two treatments of plants during the day. Since shellfish are protected by mucus secreted by them, the salt solution has a detrimental effect on the function of their glands.
Dusting crops and soil
To carry out such protection, superphosphate is required: for 1 m² of cultivated soil, 30 g of active substance. Slaked lime is also added in the same amount and tobacco dust. Alternatively, you can prepare a mixture for dusting from wood ash and tobacco. It is necessary to process the beds with garden crops at night, then the slugs get onto a fresh poisonous composition.
For molluscs, this substance is a deadly poison. The dry preparation can be mixed with sand, and then scattered around the perimeter of the site. Crossing the area treated with such a composition, slugs will die there.
This remedy known to all gardeners kills on the spot not only mollusks, but also other pests. For a ten-liter bucket of water, you need to take three large heads of garlic, chop it and add it to the liquid base. After a day, the resulting solution can be sprayed on the plants.
It is also a fairly popular remedy. Slugs do not tolerate the smell of seasoning, and therefore instantly die, falling into the treated places. A working solution is prepared according to the following scheme: in a glass of water it is necessary to dilute 2 tbsp. l. mustard powder, infuse the solution for an hour, and then dilute in 5 liters of water.
Spray the soil and plants with the ready-made composition.
Of course, this method cannot be called cheap, but it works flawlessly. It is necessary to prepare a strong drink, dilute it with water, and then spray with the composition of the plant so that the leaves are abundantly moistened on both sides. Treatment should be carried out in dry weather, and after rain, repeat the procedure.
This drug must be handled very carefully, since the poisonous fumes irritate the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Therefore, during the preparation of the solution, it is better to use personal protective equipment - a mask and gloves. The proportions of the main components: for a bucket of water 4 tbsp. l. ammonia. You can prepare a solution with vinegar in a 1: 6 ratio. Spray seedlings with this composition immediately after planting in the ground and several times during the ripening of the crop.
To combat slugs, you can use pharmacy brilliant green: pour one bottle into a bucket of water. Some gardeners dust the plants with soot; tar is widely used in this matter. But in any case, starting the fight against garden pests should be done with the most gentle and environmentally friendly methods. After all, illiterate actions can lead to soil poisoning and plant death. Chemicals should be used only in extreme cases, when other means of fighting gastropod parasites do not work.
How to get rid of slugs in the garden
It is possible to quickly remove slugs from the site.
At first glance, harmless slugs in a suburban area can do a lot of trouble. They easily penetrate houses, sheds, garages and even basements. They spoil plants, worsen their condition, devour fruits, which leads to a decrease in yields. This is clearly seen when slugs multiply and fill the site.
Reproduction of slugs
Pests appear in early spring, and disappear in late autumn, so they spoil the harvest in the summer. Damage is mainly done at night and in wet weather after rains. At high humidity they multiply intensively. The slugs are hermaphrodite and very fertile. One mating can give 500 offspring. Eggs are laid in the summer in basements, vegetable gardens, orchards. Eggs ripen after 20 days.
What is the danger of slugs for the site
Pests feed on ornamental plants, grasses, fruits and vegetables. If there are favorable conditions for reproduction, then slugs can greatly spoil the harvest in the garden or ornamental plants. It is necessary to fight pests in all possible ways, of which there are a lot.
Don't forget about prevention.
Anything can get hurt on the site. First of all, slugs appear on strawberries, which they quickly destroy. Pests are often found in greenhouses, because it is damp and humid. Here they easily destroy fresh herbs and seedlings. Then vegetable and cabbage beds, fruit trees suffer. Slugs gradually migrate from one point of the site to another - to where there is something to profit from, and there are also suitable conditions for reproduction.
Chemicals are a last resort as they are toxic. In the process of use, it is imperative to adhere to the indicated recommendations and dosages. Work should be done carefully. If there is a large population of slugs on the site, use ready-to-use preparations: Mesurol, SNACOL, Glanzit and others. It is better to use them in the evening, while the pests have not crawled out of hiding places. Spread the chosen product around the plants to prevent chemicals from getting on the leaves. Chemicals are not resistant to precipitation, therefore, after forced watering or rain, the procedure is repeated until the slugs are destroyed. They are used in accordance with the attached instructions.
Spray areas with plants with a liquid solution of fern or wormwood. Pour eight hundred grams of dry grass or half a bucket of finely chopped greens with ten liters of water. The mixture is infused for 24 hours, then boiled for half an hour. The broth must be filtered and diluted in a ratio of one to two (infusion / water). After that, you can spray the plants.Additionally, make a pepper broth from ten liters of water and a kilogram of pepper. Boil for an hour, then leave for two days, grind and strain. The resulting solution should be sprayed on the plants.
Slugs live in humid shady places. To get rid of pests, you can periodically thin out the thickets and remove weeds, including around the site. Do not allow plants and branches to rot, remove them from the site, remove accumulations of rubble, stones, boards. If there are already a lot of pests in the area, then remove the garden composter. It creates favorable conditions for the laying of eggs by pests. Dig, compact and weed the beds more often in sunny weather. So young and adults, their eggs are destroyed.
Natural enemies are capable of solving the problem with slugs:
For them, it is necessary to provide appropriate conditions - shelters, nest boxes, hedges. Beetles love to live in a nettle in a quiet place. True, they can also become a problem, and this must be borne in mind.
A simple and inexpensive method of dealing with slugs is manual collection with further destruction or transfer to another location. If the territory of the site is large, then it is difficult, long and ineffective to do this. In this case, it is better to use traps taking into account the appetite and love of pests for wet shelters. Pour water over the ground, put cabbage or burdock leaves, boards. Add a vegetable bait in the evening, and in the morning harvest. The second option is to dig a deep container into the ground and pour beer there so that the slugs drown in it.
What is suffering? Basic helper plants
Avoid planting slug food. If your site is a garden and a vegetable garden, then remember that first of all pests attack vegetables and ornamental plants:
• tulip bulbs
• Chinese aster
If you need to protect the site from slugs, then plant around the perimeter, beds and flower beds:
• medicinal soapstone
They easily drive away pests. In addition, buy plants less attractive to slugs - hosts, marigolds, red cabbage. If you want to protect the beds from slugs, then you can plant onions, garlic, mustard around them. When you need to protect ornamental plants, additionally plant in flower beds, for example, chamomile. Also, various tinctures are prepared from plants, they can be plucked and evenly spread over the territory. When the stems are dry, they change to fresh ones.
Barriers and fences
This method is suitable for both the entire plot and for single-standing plants. The principle is that special barriers are created that prevent pests from entering the site. Strips of pine needles, husks of cereals, bark, sawdust are suitable as a barrier. The width of the stripes is at least 20 centimeters. Ash, brick or dolomite chips, gravel, coarse sand can be used. This method only works if the obstacle is dry. When it gets wet, you need to remove it and put a new one. Sprinkle superphosphate or quicklime around the plants and path in the evening - 50 grams per square meter. Processing is carried out early in the morning or late in the evening. Pollination is carried out between the rows. They dehydrate the pests, but the material should not get on the plants. Lay copper around the beds and beds, which scares away slugs.
There is no effective single method of dealing with these pests. Therefore, it is recommended to use several means at the same time - a combination of mechanical and chemical options. Thus, it is possible to significantly reduce the number of pests, suppress their reproduction or completely remove from the site. Remember that slugs are fertile, but if you approach the solution of this problem in a comprehensive manner, then they will not pose a threat to the site, home, garden and vegetable garden.