Apple tree of Russia: an unpretentious variety of early tomatoes

 Apple tree of Russia: an unpretentious variety of early tomatoes

Many summer residents and amateur gardeners cannot visit their plot every day, and everyone who has at least a small plot of land seeks to grow tomatoes - everyone's favorite vegetables. So they have to look for varieties that are the least whimsical and give a stable high yield, without requiring constant careful care. One of them is Yablonka Rossii, which some call a tomato for the lazy, while others call it ideal.

Variety history

The Yablonka Rossii variety was developed at the end of the last century. When passing tomato variety testing in the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements, the applicant and the originator of the variety registered ZAO NPK NK. LTD "from the city of Shchelkovo near Moscow.

The Yablonka tomatoes of Russia were included in the State Register in 2000

The FGBI "State Sort Commission" has been checking the varietal characteristics of Yablonka since 1998, and in 2000 introduced this variety of tomatoes to the State Register and recommended it for cultivation in all regions of the country.

In the 1990s, the outwardly similar Tamina tomato was popular, but it is not mentioned anywhere in the State Register.

What is she, tomato apple tree

This tomato was named Apple tree because of the different leaf shape from other varieties. This is especially noticeable on young plants: they outwardly resemble the leaves of an apple tree, hence the name.

Yablonka has a different leaf shape from other varieties, which is especially noticeable on young plants.

And with age, the leaves will look like potato leaves, because both of these vegetables belong to nightshade.

According to the description of the State Register, Yablonka is a variety of early-maturing determinant tomatoes, suitable for growing in open ground in all regions, except for the Far North.

Those varieties of tomatoes are called determinant, the growth of which stops after the formation of a certain number of fruit clusters, as a rule, four or five. The first brush appears above the 5-9th leaf, and the next ones grow at two-leaf intervals. The fruits ripen early and very amicably, therefore they are well suited for growing in the Russian climate. The standard forms of such tomatoes are distinguished by a thicker and lower main stem, and therefore do not require a garter, unless the bunches of fruits turn out to be heavy, and you will have to help the plant to bear such a load.

Tomato bushes Yablonka Russia grow no higher than 1.3 meters, but more often their height in the open field is 0.8-1 m. Pickling tomatoes of this variety is not required... The first inflorescence appears above the 7-9th leaf.

The bunch of fruits consists of smooth, round, dense tomatoes, initially light green, and bright red when ripe. Ripe tomatoes are small, their weight is in the range of 70-80 grams, they are all practically the same size.

Seed producers indicate different ripening periods for Yablonka tomatoes - from 90 to 120 days from the moment of germination. Up to 5.6 kilograms of fruit are removed from one square meter of the garden. Apple tomatoes have a good taste, rich aroma and are not prone to cracking. They can be eaten both fresh and salted or canned, processed into juice or paste, used to prepare various dishes.

Video: the appearance and taste of tomatoes Yablonka Russia

There is no information regarding resistance to diseases in the State Register or other reliable sources.

Growing in a vegetable garden

Like all tomatoes in our area, the Apple tree is grown through seedlings.

Tomatoes Yablonka Russia are grown through seedlings

Preparing soil mixture for seedlings

Seeds for seedlings are sown until mid-March in nutritious soil, the components of which are harvested in the fall. For the mixture take:

  • garden or sod land - 1 part;
  • peat, the acidity of which is pH 6.5 - 2 parts;
  • humus or mature sifted compost - 1 part;
  • river or well-washed sand - 0.5 parts;
  • urea - 10 grams;
  • superphosphate - 30-40 grams;
  • potassium sulfate or other potash fertilizer - 10-15 grams.

To reduce the acidity of peat, which is usually higher than necessary, add 3-4 tablespoons of dolomite flour or a glass of sifted wood ash to a bucket of the mixture described above.

Please note: if garden soil is used for growing tomato seedlings, it must be taken from a garden on which peppers, tomatoes, eggplants or potatoes were not grown in the past year, that is, any nightshade crops.

The soil prepared for sowing must be sieved and disinfected a week or one and a half before sowing the seeds in order to destroy fungal spores, pathogenic bacteria and weed seeds. Most often, for this purpose, the soil:

  • calcined for 10-15 minutes in an oven preheated to 200 ºC;
  • heat up for 1-2 minutes in a microwave oven at a power of 850 W;
  • spill by placing it in a container with drainage holes, small portions of boiling water or a strong solution of potassium permanganate.

Video: soil disinfection

To ensure good air penetration to the roots of future seedlings and improve their development, up to 20% of a baking powder can be added to the soil mixture:

  • chopped dry sphagnum moss;
  • coconut crumbs;
  • vermiculite;
  • perlite;
  • small sawdust of hardwood.

Algorithm for sowing seeds for seedlings:

  1. The soil is moistened, the seeds are evenly placed over the surface and covered with a centimeter layer of soil.
  2. Once again moisten the soil by spraying from a spray bottle, cover with a transparent film to preserve moisture. The best temperature for seed germination is 25–28 ºC.
  3. With the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are placed in a well-lit place.
  4. After a week and a half, when the first real leaves appear, plants with a clod of earth on the roots are transplanted into a separate container each. Here they will grow before planting in the ground.

Disembarkation and further care

In April, when the weather permits, the seedlings are hardened by placing them outside for 2-3 hours in fresh air. On the beds, the Apple tree can be planted when the seedlings reach the age of 60 days.

The best precursors for tomatoes are legumes, pumpkins, and root vegetables.

The gardeners use different planting schemes for this variety of tomatoes, but they are all within the range of 60–70x30–40 centimeters.

The early adaptation of plants to new conditions is facilitated by covering them in the first days with a film or agrofibre.

The first feeding of plants is carried out half a month after planting. The maximum effect is obtained by the infusion of weeds soaked in water (2/3 of the volume of weeds, 1/3 of the volume of water). They are insisted until an unpleasant odor appears. All plants can be fed with such fertilizer of our own production.

Video: preparing an infusion of herbs for plant nutrition

Yablonka reacts very actively and positively to the introduction of wood ash under the root every half month. Like other plants in the garden, mulching the soil with organic matter (cut grass, wood shavings, and so on) is very useful for this variety of tomatoes.

Reviews of gardeners

Judging by the reviews of gardeners, not everyone liked the Apple tree of Russia, but it is impossible to please everyone. For some, it is important that this variety is early ripe, while others are attracted by equal in size, dense fruits, good for pickling and canning. Still others note their great taste in salad. You can only form your opinion about these tomatoes by growing them.


An early variety of tomatoes Yablonka Russia is successfully grown both in greenhouses and in the open field. The fruits ripen 90-120 days after the first shoots have appeared.

Fruit ripening is very amicable. The Russian climate is excellent for the rich fruiting of the variety. Plants are resistant to the main tomato diseases and the vagaries of nature.

Distinctive features

Tomatoes Yablonka Russia are medium-sized. Bushes grown in open beds reach a height of 1.3 m. Greenhouse tomatoes of this variety grow slightly higher (up to 1.7 m). The color of the leaves is green, the size is medium. Intermediate simple inflorescences are formed. The first inflorescence appears above the 7-9 leaflets.

Reference. The main difference between this tomato and other varieties is in the form of leaves. Outwardly, they look like apple leaves, which explains the name of the variety. The similarity is especially noticeable on young plants. The older the plant, the more its leaves look like potato leaves.

Bushes Apple trees are standard. They do not have to be pinned and tied up. The plant forms many ovaries and bears fruit well.

Fruit characteristics and yield

Ripe tomatoes are bright red in color with a glossy sheen. They are strong and resistant to cracking.

The shape of the tomatoes is round. Each fruit weighs on average 80 g. The maximum weight is 100 g. From 5 to 9 ovaries are formed on one hand. With proper care, up to 100 fruits are harvested from one bush. In terms of weight, this is 10 kg per bush.

Tomatoes are smooth with a thin, dense crust. Fruits have no more than 5 seed chambers, however, many seeds are obtained from one tomato. Two fruits are enough to provide themselves with seeds for the next year.

The fruits are highly juicy. The taste is sweet with sourness.


Characteristics, description of the Black Prince variety with a photo

The Black Prince tomato was bred by Chinese breeders. It was entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2000.

Black Prince is a mid-season, indeterminate tomato variety. It has almost 100% seed germination.

This variety is very fond of warm air, so it is usually grown in a greenhouse.

  • The variety is not suitable for planting in northern regions, where the summer is short and cool.
  • In the southern regions, it can also be grown in the open field, providing a garter to the trellises.

The growing season from the appearance of the first shoots to the beginning of ripening of the tomato lasts about 115-125 days.

The first ripe tomatoes appear within 2 months after planting the seedlings in a permanent place. This usually happens at the end of June.

  • The tomato bush grows up to 2-2.5 meters.
  • The plant has a strong stem and powerful root system.
  • The foliage is very high.
  • Leaves are medium in size, pointed.
  • The color of the leaves is deep green, slightly darker than that of other tomatoes.
  • The first ovary, with a large number of peduncles, appears above 7-9 leaves, and the subsequent ones every three leaves.
  • 6-8 fruits are formed on one hand. But in order for the weight of the tomato to be more, it is recommended to leave no more than 5-6 flowers on each ovary. Fruit ripening is amicable and uniform. One plant can set up to 50 fruits at a time.

The fruits of the Black Prince tomato have a regular flat-round shape. The average weight of tomatoes is 120-180 g, in the context of a tomato - 5 cm. The skin color of ripe fruits is red-brown. The stalk has a small green spot. The skin of tomatoes is dense and smooth, with a glossy sheen.

The flesh is burgundy, dense and juicy. The taste is sweet, without sourness. There are not very many seeds in the fruits. Ripe fruits are not subject to long-term storage.

Such tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption, they are also very tasty in winter salads and sauces.

They are not suitable for whole canning, since the skin will crack when poured with marinade.

Not so long ago, this variety had a hybrid of the same name, the first generation F1. But you need to know that it is impossible to get good seed offspring from hybrid plants. Therefore, when purchasing seed, you need to make sure that it is precisely indicated on the seed bag that this is the Black Prince variety.

Seeds should be purchased only from well-known and proven companies, in special stores.


Growing features

Ligol is generally unpretentious, but for good fruiting, the plant needs to provide optimal conditions. The best soils for this variety are loamy or sandy loam, preferably well-lit areas The height of the groundwater should not be higher than 3 meters. It is imperative to monitor the cleanliness of the tree trunk circles from weeds and grass, as they impede the penetration of heat, water and nutrients to the roots. In the spring, it is necessary to loosen the soil, and in the fall to remove the fallen leaves in order to prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases.

Watering the apple tree

To obtain good and stable yields, you need to provide a sufficient level of soil moisture. In the first 2-3 years after planting, additional abundant watering is recommended two to three times per season. An excellent effect of retaining moisture in the soil is given by mulching with sawdust, tree bark or manure.

Mulching the apple tree trunk circle allows you to retain moisture in the soil

On the sandy loam soils recommended for the Ligol apple tree, adult trees need watering three times per season: before the buds bloom, 21 days after the end of flowering, and two to three weeks before picking apples. It is worth avoiding watering the apple tree during the formation of the fruit: excess moisture during this period negatively affects the keeping quality of the fruit and can lead to cracks in the apples.

Bacterial burn control measures

The disadvantage of this variety is its poor resistance to fire blight. At the first signs of a bacterial burn, all diseased branches must be removed and burned and carried out, and the tree must be treated with a 1% solution of copper sulfate or 0.7% solution of iron sulfate.

To destroy pathogens, the tree can be treated with 5% Azophos solution or proven antibiotics: gentamicin, streptomycin, kanamycin, dissolving 1-2 tablets in 5 liters of water. This solution will be enough for up to 10 trees.

If a disease is detected during the flowering period, the trees should be treated with a solution of antibiotics - streptomycin or tetracycline several times with an interval of five days.

If necessary, a diseased tree should not be spared; it is better to uproot and burn it in order to avoid contamination of other plants.

Bacterial burn - a dangerous disease of horticultural crops

Top dressing

The best fertilizing for the Ligol apple tree is nitrogen, for example, ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate.

General characteristics of fertilizers for apple trees - table

The rate of nitrogen fertilization under the apple tree is 0.6–0.9 kg of nitrogen per 100 m 2. This value does not include the percentage of nitrogen. To recalculate the amount of fertilizer applied, the permissible rate must be divided by the nitrogen content in ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate and multiplied by 100.

Pruning trees

The Ligol apple tree responds well to thinning and pruning. This variety is characterized by a thickening of the crown, therefore, an adult tree must be thinned and pruned twice a year: in autumn and spring. The spreading crown of Ligol is formed using a fusiform pruning type. The result of applying this method will be a three-meter tree that looks like a pyramid, easy to care for and harvest.

In the first year after planting the seedling, its vertical shoot is pruned to 50 centimeters from the soil level to form side branches.

At the next pruning after a year, the shoots are shortened by half the length. Leave the main conductor in the center and shoots opposite to each other, extending from the tree trunk at a distance of 50-60 centimeters from the soil surface. All other branches on the conductor are pruned.

Each year, it is necessary to leave three side branches that do not shade each other. Thus, the tree is pruned for the first six to seven years of life. All subsequent pruning is reduced to the regular removal of dry, diseased branches.

Sometimes all Ligol shoots form buds. This does not interfere with fruiting, but it does not give growth either. To increase crown growth, the apical buds can be removed.

The first pruning of a young tree is best done in early spring, before the buds swell.

Spring pruning of the apple tree is carried out before the swelling of the fruit buds

It is necessary to pay attention to the thinning of the ovaries: after their formation, the central ovary is removed from each bundle. This way you can avoid the appearance of unripe and unpalatable apples.

It is convenient to thin out the ovaries with ordinary scissors.

If there are a lot of fruits on the tree that greatly burden the apple tree, it is necessary to thin out the ovaries, leaving one or two on a bunch at a distance of 10 cm from each other. Fruit congestion can cause intermittent fruiting.

Harvest - how to harvest and preserve

Ligol apples are distinguished by good keeping quality and are stored for several months. For storage for the winter, it is worth selecting the fruits of "technical ripeness". The light part of the apple should be slightly yellowish, and the flesh should be sweet. Fruits harvested later are stored much worse, wither from moisture loss and acquire a "cottony" taste. Ligol is stored longer in a dark, cool room with high air humidity and ventilation.

It is best to store the crop in wooden or cardboard boxes, spreading apples in one or two layers. Each fruit can be wrapped in paper - this prevents moisture loss and the spread of possible rot to other fruits. Ligol keeps well in the refrigerator.

Store apples better wrapped in paper

Preparing for winter

The Ligol variety perfectly tolerates cold and even frosts, but a number of autumn preparations for winter is still worth carrying out. The soil of the trunks is freed from fallen leaves and mulched with humus, tree bark or peat. The trunks are tied with spruce branches, it will be protection from small rodents. In the first five years, the tree still has insufficiently hard bark, and it must be protected from rodents.

Lapnik - good protection against rodents in winter

The trunks of trees under five years old are covered with a layer of chalk whitewash; if the apple tree is older, a lime solution is used. One kilogram of clay is mixed with three kilograms of slaked lime and the resulting mixture is diluted in ten liters of water. It is good if by winter the trunk, as well as large branches of the tree, will be cleaned of moss and lichen using a special brush. This is an excellent prevention of fungal diseases. It is best to do this procedure in the fall, during the rainy season, since cleaning damp wood is painless for wood.


Conclusion

The Apple Russian tomato is popular not only among gardeners, but also among housewives who preserve vegetables for the winter. Tomatoes received such attention due to their high yield, unpretentiousness and excellent taste. Experts recommend the Yablonka Rossii variety for cultivation in backyards and summer cottages.


Watch the video: Six Different Heirloom Tomatoes, and a little about them.