Photo of Japanese, Chinese and mountain camellia

Photo of Japanese, Chinese and mountain camellia

Photos of indoor plants Published: February 27, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Briefly about leaving

Direct rays are taboo, light is needed diffused, but bright. In summer and spring, the temperature should be 22-25 degrees, in autumn 16-20, and in winter about 10. Water abundantly all year round, immediately after the soil dries on the surface. Camellias need high humidity and can be sprayed. Camellia is fed every 20 days with mineral fertilizers.

In mid-late autumn, pruning is carried out to activate the growth of buds, pinch in the spring. Transplanted in the spring every year, or after one. Camellia reproduces well by cuttings and seeds of the same year.

Read more about camellia care

Photos of popular species

Japanese camellia, mountain or Miyagi or tegmentose. Chinese camellia or bohea. Also known as Mountain Tea, Tegmentose and Miyagi, and Viridis and Boheya Tea. She is the Tea Bush.

In the photo: Camellia japonica / Japanese camellia

In the photo: Camellia japonica / Japanese camellia

In the photo: Camellia japonica / Japanese camellia

In the photo: Camellia japonica / Japanese camellia

In the photo: Camellia sasanqua (miyagii or tegmentosa) / mountain camellia (Miyagi or tegmentosa)

In the photo: Camellia sasanqua (miyagii or tegmentosa) / mountain camellia (Miyagi or tegmentosa)

In the photo: Camellia sinensis (bohea) / Chinese camellia (bohea)

In the photo: Camellia sinensis (bohea) / Chinese camellia (bohea)

In the photo: Camellia sinensis (bohea) / Chinese camellia (bohea)

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Tea
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

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Camellia belongs to the family of tea plants that grow in the form of shrubs and trees. The height of the flower can reach 20 meters. Camellia leaves are wide and oblong. The flowers are very beautiful and grow singly, with a diameter of one to twelve centimeters. The plant feels comfortable in a subtropical climate, for example, it can be found in the Black Sea and in the southern United States of America.

The flower is widely used in landscape design. It is planted in gardens, parks and just outside. Many gardeners compare camellia flowers with peonies: they are just as lush, terry and have a wide palette of shades (from red to pale beige).

The following types of camellias are very popular:

  1. Japanese (see photo). A gorgeous tree that grows mainly in the northwest of China and Japan. © https://ydoo.info/qa/uhod-za-kameliyami.htmlThe height of the flower can reach five meters. Outstanding representatives of this variety are: Pink Perfection, Linda Rosazza, Margaret Davis, Tricolor, Lady Campbell. The Japanese camellia has a long flowering period - from October to April. Long-term flowering is possible at optimal temperatures and moderate humidity.
  2. Chinese, or tea bush (see photo). The variety is grown not only for decorative purposes, but also for collecting tea leaves. The maximum height of tea bushes is 10 meters. The flowers of the Chinese camellia are small and, as a rule, white, sometimes creamy. The seeds are formed on the tea plant, with the help of which the shrub propagates.
  3. Mountain camellia (carp) is a low-growing shrub that will not grow more than five meters in height. The plant is suitable for growing in a pot or garden at home. The branches of the mountain camellia hang down, forming a beautiful and lush crown. But the duration of flowering in the carp is short - only 1-2 months, as a rule, this occurs in November, and ends in December (sometimes in January). This is one of the few varieties that are dormant for quite a long time.
  4. The Salouenne Camellia is a small tree with a branchy and lush crown. The flowers are white or pale pink. This species became the ancestor for many new varieties, one of which is the Williams variety.
  5. Mesh camellia differs from other species in the size of flowers, the diameter of which is 23 centimeters. In addition, representatives of the reticulated family reach a height of 15-20 meters.
  6. Golden Camellia is a very delicate plant, on which at least 200 flowers bloom at the same time. To observe the flowering of a shrub is a great success, since it grows only in China and is on the verge of extinction, and therefore is listed in the Red Book.

Regarding the cultivation of camellia, the reviews are mixed, as some argue that the flower grows without any support, while others prove the opposite. Proper flower care is very important, because if you do not provide the plant with optimal conditions, you may be faced with the fact that it will begin to throw off the buds and leaves or stop blooming altogether.


Camellia flowers

All known flowering species can be classified into species. Some plants can only be kept at home outside of their natural environment. Others can be cultivated exclusively outside the home. The main growing conditions are made up of controlling the humidity of the atmosphere, the amount of water delivered to the ground, and ensuring the correct temperature. The presence of light is one of the most important components. There are flowers that will grow well in harsh environments - even indoors or on a street windowsill. Knowing which variety the flower belongs to, it will turn out to correctly produce the required climate.

Decorative and flowering camellias

CAMELIA (Camellia) - the genus of plants contains more than 80 species of evergreen trees or shrubs of the Tea family (Theaceae). Camellias, with their large attractive flowers and graceful, usually shiny leaves, are among the most popular shrubs in the culture. Homeland India, China, Japan, Indonesia. Camellia is found naturally in the forests of the eastern Himalayas, in China, Japan and south to Malaysia.

Camellia is widespread in countries with a subtropical climate: on the Black Sea coast in Sochi, in the south of the United States and other countries. Some species have become widespread as valuable decorative evergreens and flowering plants; they are widely used for landscaping interiors, creating exhibitions in parks during the summer.

Camellias are popular among the inhabitants of China and Japan. The tea tree, or just tea, is the Chinese camellia (Camellia sinensis), and the most popular decorative camellias are Japanese (Camellia japonica) - see photo. There are special plantations consisting of thousands of Japanese camellia bushes, which can be more than a hundred years old. They are grown to obtain seeds containing a large amount of oil, tea made from the leaves, and as ornamental plants. Camellias began to be cultivated in China and Japan about a thousand years ago. Europeans first saw the flower at the beginning of the 18th century.

The first mention of camellias dates back to the 1st century AD, when the governor of the province of the island of Kyushu personally killed the leaders of a gang of criminals with a club made of camellia wood. Named by Karl Linnaeus in honor of the Jesuit missionary and botanist Georg Joseph Camelius, who first brought Japanese camellia to Europe in the 18th century. Since then, at least 5000 hybrids have appeared, most of all in the Japanese camellia (C. japonica), as well as in the mountain (C. sasanqua) and reticulated (C. reticulata).

There are many varieties of camellias with white, pink, red, cream flowers, all of them are double like peonies and roses, the stamens of which have been transformed into petals. However, camellia flowers are odorless, and the wild form did not have it either.

In areas with very mild winters and high humidity, camellia is a versatile plant for any garden. Planted as an informal green hedge that will provide a beautiful and practical hideaway all year round. Elsewhere, it is kept in rooms or cool greenhouses.

The plant finds its application in medicine and pharmacology. An essential oil is extracted from the leaves, which has a tonic, anesthetic and antiseptic effect, and the drug eugenol is produced.

The main types of camellia and their hybrids

Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica)The most famous ornamental, profusely flowering shrub or evergreen tree with leathery dark green leaves, native to Japan and Southwest China. This is one of the most beautiful winter flowering indoor plants. The height of the plant at home usually does not exceed 1 m. Large showy camellia flowers have varying degrees of doubleness - simple, semi-double and double, white, pink and red. Flowering occurs from November to May, depending on the variety. Well suited for growing in greenhouses, rooms, as well as for bouquets and exhibitions of cut flowers.

Japanese camellia is the original species. Common varieties are Adolphe Audusson - red, semi-double Alba Simplex - white, non-double Pink Perfection - pink, double. (photo: Camellia japonica 'Auburn White')

Camellia saluenensis (Camellia saluenensis) Appeared in Europe in the 19th century, which became the progenitor of a large number of relatively cold-resistant and long-flowering hybrids of decorative garden camellia. In the 1930s, breeder J.S. Williams crossed the Japanese Camellia (C. japonica) and the Saluenensis (C. saluenensis), and the resulting hybrid, called Camellia x williamsii, gave rise to frost-hardy hybrids. Other frost-resistant species have been obtained from the camellia oleifera (C. oleifera).

Camellia hybrid Williams (Camellia x williamsii) A numerous group of camellias, the most popular in Europe, the easiest to grow, undemanding and winter hardy. Trees and shrubs up to 5 m in height. An interesting feature of Williams' hybrids and their difference from the popular Japanese camellia hybrids is that they shed wilted flowers.

Mountain Camellia, or Camellia Sazanka (Camellia sasanqua) Includes more than 100 cultivars. The term "Sazanka" is the Japanese name for a flowering camellia tree of the species Camellia sasanqua and two related hybrid species, Camellia x hiemalis and Camellia x vernalis.

Sazanka can be called "Flower of the Autumn Sun", as this camellia blooms with slightly fragrant flowers from September to January and loves a sunny spot in the garden. In English, this species sounds like "Sasanqua" (Sasanqua). In Japanese, the word "sazanka" is written in three hieroglyphs, which mean "mountain", "tea" and "flower" - all together it sounds like "flowering mountain tea". In Chinese, the sazanka is called "cha-mai" and is written in two hieroglyphs, meaning "beautiful (flowering) tea".

The genus Camellia is widely known for its tea bush - Camellia sinensis, from the leaves of which we make tea. And also because of the decorative tree with beautiful flowers - Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica). Despite the fact that all these plants belong to the same genus, the carp almost never crosses with them, and from the point of view of agricultural technology, it should be considered as a separate plant. From the leaves of the Japanese-Chinese camellia eugenol (Camellia sasanqua), an essential oil containing 97% eugenol is obtained.

Chinese camellia, or tea tree (Camellia sinensis) Separately, it should be said about the tea tree, which is also called Chinese camellia. This is a perennial evergreen shrub or a small tree up to 10 m high, grown for its young leaves, which, undergoing various types of processing, then turn into different types of tea so beloved by many - green and black. Its flower petals can also be used as a flavoring agent. Freshly blossomed young leaves are covered with a silvery fluff from above. In Chinese, this fluff is called bai-ho, which is why the name "baikhov tea" originated. The most important constituents of a tea beverage (tea) are tannins, caffeine and essential oil. The taste, color, aroma and medicinal properties of tea depend on these substances.

Camellia reticulata (Camellia reticulata) The Chinese preferred the lush red flowers of the reticulated camellia varieties, which were often planted near Buddhist monasteries. This large tree is remarkable for its height - it reaches 20 meters and blooms with the largest flowers.

Camellia lutchuensis is a species with small white and very fragrant flowers, native to the south of the Japanese Islands.

Camellia golden-flowered (C. chrysantha) There are in nature camellia with yellow flowers, which is called the golden camellia of China. Included in the 2000 Red List as a threatened species. It is considered one of the most spectacular species due to its flowers and vibrant foliage. Each copy can bloom up to 200 flowers. It is a shrub or small tree that grows in humid areas of the rain forest at an altitude of up to 500 meters in southwestern Guanghi in China, also entering Vietnam. In China, there are several types of camellias with yellow flowers. The size of its population and the extent of its habitat remain controversial. Some places of its natural growth are part of the reserves and are under protection.

In our country, there is an opinion that when a camellia blooms, it cannot be rearranged from place to place and turned, otherwise its buds will fall off. In the West, they believe the opposite: when camellias bloom, various operations can be performed with them - replanting, cutting off overgrown roots, transporting, etc. At the same time, the camellia will calmly continue to bloom. The plant probably sheds buds due to improper maintenance. Central heating batteries dry out the soil in abnormal winter conditions for camellia. These mistakes can be avoided by knowing the needs of the plants. - see continuation.

Houseplants

Camellia flower

Camellia - home care, planting, reproduction, photo. Camellia flower.

Camellia belongs to the tea family. Camellia is native to China, India and Japan.

The genus camellia got its name in honor of the Moravian priest Camelius, who brought this plant to Europe from the Philippines.

Camellia japonica is recognized by Chinese traditional medicine as an anticancer agent. Its flowers have tonic and astringent properties.

There are many varieties of Japanese camellia. The flowers of this plant, depending on the species, are red, pink, white and can be double, semi-double or simple.

Camellia feels great at home - it blooms well and even bears fruit.

Camellia - home care

Caring for camellia at home should be based on the following main points: high air humidity, low temperatures, sufficient illumination and a soil suitable for it in composition.

The camellia flower has two growth periods. In February, young leaves and new shoots begin to appear, and in summer, vegetative buds are formed, which will continue to grow only after flowering the next year in spring. Flower buds are laid at 18-20 degrees Celsius, and camellia blooms at temperatures no higher than 12 degrees Celsius. The flowering period is one to three months. One flower can last for a month.

Planting camellias is carried out in small containers. For camellia, an acidic soil composition (pH 4.5-5) is preferable. Care for young plants consists in spraying them regularly to create high humidity, watering and shading from direct sunlight.

Two years later, in the spring, mature plants are transplanted into deeper pots. Simultaneously with the transplant for better branching, pinching of the tops of the shoots is carried out.

Once every three weeks, a camellia flower needs to be fed with a full mineral fertilizer at the rate of 1 gram per one liter of water. In November, another pruning of shoots is carried out to stimulate the growth of axillary buds.

Camellia is a short-day plant, therefore, in order for it to bloom profusely, the duration of daylight hours is artificially reduced to 12-13 hours.

The camellia flower does not tolerate a lack or excess of moisture at all. As a result of waterlogging or drying out of the soil, the plant can completely shed its leaves.

When laying the buds, you can not turn the camellia towards the light! If the plant is disturbed during this period, the flower buds will fall off.

Camellias are propagated by seeds or cuttings. The seeds are sown one at a time in small containers, and after the appearance of two true leaves, they are transplanted into deeper pots, cutting the root system by a third for better branching.

However, if you want to grow varietal camellia, then propagation should be carried out by cuttings. To do this, take apical non-lignified cuttings 6-9 centimeters long and root. Reproduction by cuttings is carried out in January or July at a temperature of 24 degrees Celsius. The soil is prepared from turf and sand, which are taken in equal proportions. The containers are placed under a plastic bag and placed in a bright, but not sunny place. The rooting time is about two months. For better rooting of cuttings, they are pretreated with heteroauxin.

Camellia is a rather capricious flower, but if you take proper care of it, you can enjoy the abundant and unsurpassed beauty of this plant.

Camellia flower

Lovely camellia

Growing unpretentious and well-known indoor plants, all growers acquire considerable experience in plant growing. Having typed it, you can try to grow a flower culture that is more difficult to care for. This is undoubtedly the Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica).

Blooming camellia is always a joyful surprise. To achieve that the buds laid on it bloom is not an easy task.

Surprisingly, this is a Japanese plant. In spring and summer, when all nature awakens to life, delighting us with the riot of greenery and the aroma of herbs, you will not see it blooming.

Camellia blooms in late autumn. Chilly and uncomfortable on the street at this time. Even in the Crimea and the Caucasus, it is already cool, warm days are issued less and less, and a series of prolonged cold rains are often replaced by sleet. But after a snowfall with a blizzard, the sun suddenly peeps out and a thaw sets in. The glare of the sun's rays play on the leaves of the camellias, and their branches still retain their snowy outfit. The sparkling snow hurts the eyes. It seems that nature intended to combine winter and - summer!

It is at this time that camellias bloom in southern Russia and Japan, and then their large pink and white flowers are clearly visible against the dazzling blue of the sky, creating a fabulous and beautiful picture. If any of you, my Dear Readers, are interested in another Japanese miracle of nature - Sakura is also interested and wants to receive good advice on growing it in our Russian weather conditions, please visit my other article by clicking here.

Small frosts are not terrible for these plants, and the heat of + 5-7 degrees C is quite enough for the buds that have filled with strength over the summer months to bloom and amaze us with unexpected splendor.

The spectacle presented to the eye is such that you immediately understand why the camellia has long been considered a worthy rival of the rose itself. As for indoor plants, hardly any of them can compare with it.

“It can be said without exaggeration that camellia is the best of the acquisitions of our floriculture. The graceful growth of this shrub, which is a prominent tree in its homeland, the pleasant shine of its leaves, the size and beauty of flowers blooming at a time that is so poor in other flowering plants, their diversity, doubleness and long-term flowering - these are the main advantages of camellias. " So back in 1864, the Russian gardener and botanist K. Encke wrote about them.

For a long time, camellia has been a very popular ornamental plant with us. It was grown in rooms and winter gardens, luxurious bouquets were created from it, and at balls and on holidays, the camellia flower served as an indispensable attribute of women's dress.

Then the fame of the Japanese plant somewhat diminished, in which, oddly enough, a considerable fault lies with the specialists in floriculture, who exaggerated in their works the many difficulties that await an inexperienced amateur who dared to grow it. Of course, camellia culture is more complex than pelargonium or aloe. But with systematic proper care, one can hope for success when breeding a "winter rose".

Let's get acquainted with some varieties of Japanese camellia. There are over a thousand of them in total. The earliest ones bloom the first buds in October - November, most varieties bloom in winter, and the later ones - in April - May. One of the first to bloom is the Countess of Orkney variety. Its flowers, pale pink with carmine spots, are very exquisite: the outer petals are deflected horizontally, and the inner ones rush straight up, which makes it seem that you are in front of a large, outlandish-looking daffodil. In autumn, the flowers bloom at the variety "Madam Haas" - flat, up to 10 cm in diameter, consisting of pure white, like wax petals, they resemble pompom dahlias. Camellia "Magnoliaeflora", contrary to its name, bears more resemblance to a rose than to a magnolia: its dark pink petals, like a rose, are spirally rolled. But the variety "Pelagia" ("Pelagia") refers to late flowering. Its double carmine flowers, like a bowl, bloom only at the end of February. "Pelagia" - one of the most unpretentious varieties, tolerates sudden fluctuations in temperature and humidity, and the buds almost do not fall off from dry air. The latter circumstance has become perhaps the main reason that these highly decorative plants are increasingly found in rooms today.

Camellia came to our country in 1833 (the plant got its name in honor of the botanist Georg Kamel, who lived in the 18th century) - and found its first shelter in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. In Crimea, the Japanese guest did not live very well: in summer it was too hot, dry, and obviously there was not enough refreshing rains. That is why A.P. Chekhov was so happy - after all, even with modern knowledge about the biology of this plant, it is not easy to achieve flowering in Yalta. Camellia feels much better on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, where rainy summers and mild winters resemble the climate of central Japan. The Batumi and Sukhumi botanical gardens became the main place for acclimatization of camellias in the open ground in the USSR. For several decades, plants have been self-seeding here - a sign that indicates the full adaptation of camellias to local conditions.

Camellia is sometimes called a plant of sorrow because its flowers of remarkable beauty do not have a scent and bloom in winter. However, it seems that the one who raised her fully experienced a feeling of joy and aesthetic pleasure, watching how, after careful care, his pets respond gratefully with beautiful flowers that bloom at that time when there is frost outside the window and a snowstorm howls ...

But before this happens, the grower will have to work hard. Difficulties arise already at the first stage - during the propagation of plants.

Features of growing camellia

Camellias are propagated by seeds and cuttings. Freshly harvested seeds are used for sowing. They are quite large, so they are planted one at a time in 5-7-centimeter pots filled with a mixture of turf, peat, coniferous (heather) soil and sand, taken in equal volumes. Seedlings are uncooperative, appear in the second month. With seed reproduction, plants bloom after three or even four years, but the decorative features of the variety are often not preserved. Therefore, vegetative propagation is preferable - stem cuttings.

The optimal timing of cuttings is the end of January - February (before the start of shoot growth) and July - August (after its completion). On cuttings cut the semi-lignified apical parts of the shoots, 6-10 cm in length, with 2-3 developed leaves. They are planted in dive boxes or shallow bowls filled with a mixture of sand and peat. Cuttings should not be planted tightly (so that they do not overlap each other with leaves). It is better to root them in a light mini-plate at an air temperature of + 20-22 degrees C and frequent ventilation. The cuttings are sprayed 2-3 times a day, avoiding waterlogging of the substrate in which they are located. Roots are formed no earlier than 2 months later; many of the cuttings die in indoor conditions. To improve root formation, cuttings are immersed in a third of their length in a solution of heteroauxin (100 mg per 1 liter of water) for 16-18 hours before planting.

Rooted cuttings are planted in nine-centimeter pots in a mixture of peat, leaf, turf soil and sand (2. 2. 1. 1). Young plants are placed in the lightest place in the room, protected (with gauze, translucent white cloth) from direct sunlight.

3 weeks after planting in pots, camellias begin to feed. It should be remembered that these plants cannot tolerate concentrated fertilizers. The dose of dressing, which is usual for many flower crops (3-5 g per 1 liter of water), is unacceptable for them and should not exceed 1 g per 1 liter of water. In the period from April to May (once every half a month), they are fed alternately with solutions of nitrogen (carbamide, ammonium nitrate) and complete mineral fertilizers (nitrophoska, diammofoska, foskamide, etc.). In summer, healthy, well-growing plants are fed with infusion of bird droppings (diluting it 1. 20), to which camellias are very responsive. If you, my dear reader, have a need to get more useful information about different types of fertilizers, click here.

In July, flower buds begin to form in adult plants. Watering at this time is reduced, otherwise secondary growth of shoots is observed, and fewer buds appear.

The most crucial period is the winter keeping of camellias. Plants must be placed in the brightest place, it is advisable to supplement them with fluorescent lamps so that the duration of the day is at least 12-13 hours a day. The air temperature should not exceed +12 degrees C. With a warmer winter, a partial fall of flower buds is observed, the decorative appearance of flowers deteriorates. The fall of the buds is also facilitated by excessive moisture or overdrying of the earthen coma, insufficient illumination, and the rearrangement of plants to another place.

Camellias are transplanted after flowering. The transplanted plants are placed in a shaded area and sprayed daily with warm water.

Breeders have already bred over a thousand varieties of camellias. Among them there are those that are distinguished by a small drop of flower buds and a good adaptability to indoor living. These are the varieties Pelagia, Magnoliaeflora, N. A. Dawning, Maria Morren, Archidushessa Augusta.

Camellia pedigree

Although she is often called the "winter rose", she is in a very distant relationship with the queen of flowers. The camellia belongs to the tea family, and its closest relative is the tea bush (Thea chinensis), which can also be grown in the room if desired.


Care according to the rules

Camellia is a capricious flower that can be considered one of the most demanding and difficult to grow. But if the care of the camellia is carried out according to the rules, the plant will develop and grow rapidly, bloom profusely.

Illumination and watering

It is not recommended to move the camellia from one place to another, especially during the flowering period.

The indoor camellia flower is light-loving, develops well on windows from the east and west. When choosing a place for growing, you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular variety: Japanese camellia cannot stand the direct sun (it needs to be shaded), and mountain camellia feels great under the scorching sunlight. You cannot place a plant on the north side - there will be little light.

To achieve uniform crown formation, the flower pot needs to be rotated from time to time around its axis. But in the phase of laying the buds, it is forbidden to disturb the flower, otherwise it will not be possible to admire the beautiful flowering.

Moisten the plant evenly. The Japanese rose reacts poorly to both excess moisture and drying out of the soil. In the summer, when flower buds are laid, the plant needs to be watered only when the top layer of the earth dries out. In winter, watering the camellia should also be moderate - this will help avoid root rot. Water for irrigation is taken at room temperature.

Temperature and humidity

The room in which the camellia grows must be well ventilated. In summer, the temperature of the content should be in the range of 18-20 ° C, in the spring - from 13 to 17 ° C. In winter, it is better to carry the flower to a glazed balcony or loggia, where the temperature is kept within 8-12 ° C. In rooms with working heating devices, the plant feels bad: withers away, starts to hurt, does not bloom.

Indoor camellia reacts poorly to drafts and temperature changes.

The air in the room where the plant is kept must be humid. In summer, the required humidity can be maintained by spraying the plant twice a day. In winter, additional moisture will be provided by placing a container with water next to the plant. You can also place a flower pot in a pallet with damp small pebbles or expanded clay, moss.

The soil

Best of all, the Japanese rose grows on acidic soil. Alkaline soil can be acidified with a few drops of lemon juice or with special fertilizers.

The soil for camellia should be light, it is good to let air and moisture pass through, since in heavy soil, the roots of the plant quickly rot.

As a rule, an indoor flower is planted in a ready-made commercial land intended for growing azaleas, camellias, rhododendrons. The composition of such soil in equal amounts includes:

  • chopped bark
  • vermiculite
  • perlite
  • high peat
  • sand.

To ensure good drainage, a large layer of expanded clay is spread on the bottom of a wide pot.

You can prepare the potting soil yourself. At the same time, it is important that the soil has an acidic reaction of the environment, that moisture and air pass through well. You can mix:

  • leaf mixture (2 parts)
  • peat soil (2 parts)
  • turf (2 parts)
  • coniferous substrate (2 parts)
  • sand (1 part).

Top dressing

Fertilizers begin to be applied in the spring, when the first young shoots appear. Frequent feeding of camellia is not required; it is enough to apply fertilizers once every 3-4 weeks. At the end of summer, when the formation of flower buds begins, feeding is completely stopped.

The flower is fertilized with organic or complex mineral dressings for flowering plants containing nitrogen, potassium, sulfur and phosphorus, trace elements (copper and zinc, manganese, iron, boron and molybdenum). Complexes containing calcium and magnesium cannot be used. Their source is ordinary tap water, which is used for irrigation. An excess of these elements can cause the death of the plant.

When diluting fertilizers, it is better to reduce the concentration indicated in the instructions by half, since the excess of nutrients is not good for camellia, but to the detriment. From organic fertilizers, you can use chicken manure in low concentration.


Home care for camellia

It is easier to provide camellias with proper care than optimal conditions. Camellias just need regular monitoring and protection from excessive watering.

Watering and air humidity

Adoring abundant watering, camellias require careful control of the degree of drying out of the soil. Stagnant water, as well as complete drying, are unacceptable, but a slight drought is tolerated easier than overflows.If the soil dries up only in the upper layer in the summer and up to half in the winter, and the water is immediately drained from the pallets, the camellias will be comfortable. The higher the temperature, the more often watering should be done (and vice versa). At the stage of bud development, any sudden change in humidity leads to their dropping.

The quality of water for this plant is more than important. Camellias need soft, rain or melt water, the temperature of which exceeds the air temperature by 4-5 degrees. In winter, it is better to water with warm "room" water. If the buds do not bloom for a very long time, then a reasonable increase in water temperature can stimulate the flowering process.

To maintain an average air humidity - from 50% (and not lower) to 65% - it is enough to protect the plant from dry air near heating systems and regularly spray on leaves and buds (but not on loose flowers). If you install pallets with damp pebbles or moss (or any other humidifier), maintenance will be greatly simplified.

The leaves must be kept clean. Camellias adore a warm shower, even when they are with buds.

Top dressing and composition of fertilizers

For camellias, it is better to use fertilizing tactics as for garden plants. With the beginning of the growth of shoots and leaves (or 6 weeks after transplanting), 2 or 3 additional dressings are applied with complex or pure nitrogen fertilizers containing trace elements (for deciduous plants). And then they switch to special fertilizers for flowering plants or separately for camellias. The standard frequency is every 2 weeks, in liquid form. Top dressing is stopped in August.

To maintain an average air humidity, it is enough to protect the plant from dry air near heating systems and regularly spray on leaves and buds

Pruning and shaping camellia

Camellias are good in their natural form. They endure a strong haircut painfully, with damage for flowering, a light one - they are not afraid. Unproductive, thin, damaged shoots are removed to the base. Plants are formed by simply pinching or shortening the tops (up to ⅓ of the length). Sanitary cleaning and pruning is carried out on camellias after flowering, and you need to be in time before regrowth and active vegetation.

To obtain larger flowers, extra buds, especially on young plants, are best pinched off, leaving a couple of flowers at the ends of the branches.

Transplant, containers and substrate

Camellia is transplanted only as needed, when the roots become cramped in the pot. At the same time, the timing of transplantation is not quite usual: it is better to transfer the camellia carefully, keeping an earthen lump, during flowering or in the middle of summer - in a short pause after the first growth (June-July). When transplanting, it is important not to deepen the root collar, monitoring the level of its location.

It is very easy to choose a soil mixture for camellia: it loves loose, slightly acidic soils and a substrate for rhododendron is ideal for it.

The containers should be wide or of equal depth and diameter. Ceramic is preferred. Drainage layer - up to ⅓ of the height.


Camellia is a plant that is quite demanding on the conditions of detention. in order for it to regularly delight you with luxurious flowers, it is necessary to scrupulously follow the recommendations of experienced gardeners.

Watering and feeding

Water the plant abundantly, but only after the topsoil dries out. If the leaves of the camellia begin to fall off, then watering is insufficient. It is not recommended to water it with lime water. For watering, you can use boiled cooled water.

Camellia is a plant that is undemanding to feeding. Fertilize in the spring, when rapid growth begins, with a complex mineral fertilizer. Breeders advise to reduce the fertilizer rate by half from that specified in the instructions.

When there is a set of buds, the camellia is not fed.

Bloom

Camellia will delight with its flowering in winter, when a period of rest comes for it. At this time, it is important to protect the plant from temperature changes, optimally 8–10 ° C. The plant is distinguished by long flowering: from one to three months. Faded buds must be removed.

Pruning and pinching

Pruning for camellia is optional, but possible if you want a lush bush. You can trim the camellia by one third during transplantation, it will even be useful, since the roots damaged during transplantation may not cope with the feeding of the crown, and the branches will dry out. If necessary, cut out dried, weak and frayed branches. You can pinch the top of a young plant, it is better to do this in October-November.

Care errors

Florists face problems: blackening of leaves, dropping of buds, and sometimes leaves. This happens, as a rule, due to mistakes in plant care:

  • Planting with a deepening of the neck of the plant. Even a slight deepening of the point between the root and the trunk can lead to the death of the plant.
  • Transplant at a time when the camellia begins to grow actively, more often this period coincides with April. Such actions can stop the growth of the plant.
  • Use of heavy, airtight soil. So, if you plant a camellia in garden soil, the roots will rot and it will die.
  • Excessive watering. Prolonged waterlogging, especially with warm water, can also provoke root rot.
  • Keeping in a room with a high air temperature. Camellias need coolness, especially in winter, during flowering.

Table: diseases and pests

Diseases and pestsSymptomsPossible reasonsPrevention measuresTreatment methods
Root rotLeaves fall and witherExcessively low temperature Overmoistening of the soil Heavy soil.Compliance with temperature norms, watering norms. Use of special soil, the pH of which does not exceed 5.Transplant into breathable soil. Reduce watering.
PhylostictosisBrown spots on the leavesHigh air humidityAiring. Compliance with the norms of watering and illumination.Treat the leaves with copper sulfate. Reduce moisture. Remove affected leaves.
AphidWithering, deformation of young leaves and buds. Honeydew.Moving from newly acquired plants, bouquets. Infected soil.Regular inspection of the plant. Quarantine for new plants. Quality soil.Wash off the pest with water.Treat with oil emulsions, soap solution or chemical agents, for example, Apollo, Neoron, Omite.
Spider miteSmall yellow spots on the leaves. In the later stages - cobwebs.Dry air Dry soil Excess nitrogen fertilizersSpraying with cold water
ShieldBrown bumps on leaves Leaf discoloration Sticky plaqueDry air. Moving from newly acquired plants.Airing Regular plant inspection Quarantine for new plants

Romance with camellias

The first description of camellia dates back to the 17th century. It was made by the Jesuit monk-pharmacist Georg Joseph Kamellus, who was the first to bring this plant to Europe. The famous Swedish botanist Karl Linnaeus named the plant camellia in his honor.

However, in the historical annals there are earlier mentions of this beautiful flower. In 1725 BC. the Chinese emperor paid tribute to the infusion of camellia leaves and proclaimed it his favorite drink. This is not surprising: camellia is a close relative of tea. Both plants belong to the same family.

Some types of camellias are trees and grow up to 2 m in height. The leaves are leathery, glossy, in some species they are pointed, in others they are dull and can have different shapes (elliptical, ovoid, oblong) and length (3-17 cm).

Camellia

In nature, camellias prefer the climate of the subtropics. They grow in the south of the USA, in China, Japan. Here you can admire gorgeous thickets on the Black Sea coast and in the Caucasus.

Lovely Japanese women

There are more than 10 thousand varieties of camellia. Its flowers are like peonies or roses. They can be white, cream, pink, red, or variegated. Unfortunately for fans of camellias, few species can boast of a scent.

The most common houseplant is Japanese camellia from Southeast China. On its basis, breeders received many different varieties, among which the most famous are Adolph Adusson with red semi-double flowers, Alba Simplex with white non-double flowers, Betty Sheffield with white double flowers and pink strokes and Pink Perfection with a cloud of pink double flowers. An unusual flower in the Tammia variety is a white star-shaped flower with a pale pink border.

Williams' hybrids are very popular: they are easy to grow, unpretentious. One feature distinguishes them from Japanese camellia hybrids: after wilting, the flowers fall off.

Camellia requires careful maintenance, and novice flower growers can have many difficulties. But it's worth it. In order to admire its lush flowering for a month or two, it is necessary to create all the necessary conditions for this royal person.

Camellia

In Chinese medicine, Japanese camellia is used as an anti-cancer agent. A decoction of flowers tones the body, and also has anesthetic and antiseptic properties.

Landing

For camellias, ready-made soil for rhododendrons, azaleas and camellias, consisting of high-moor peat, perlite, vermiculite, sand, and ground bark, is best suited.

You can also make the potting soil yourself. For example: 1 part leaf, 1 part coniferous, 1 part peat and 0.5 part sand. The main thing is that the substrate is acidic, water and air permeable. Under such conditions, bays do not threaten the plant. In heavy soil, camellias quickly rot the roots. The pot should be wide, a large layer of drainage is placed on the bottom.

Some types of camellias are used in the perfume industry.
For example, an essential oil is obtained from the leaves of camellia eugenol, which contains 97% eugenol - a substance with a strong clove odor.

Camellias should not be planted deeply. When planting, carefully examine the plant: between the roots and the trunk is the so-called root collar - it cannot be covered with earth.

Camellias are transplanted from November to February, when they are at rest. It is during these months that camellias bloom. It is believed that during this period the plants cannot be rearranged, even turned. But the paradox is that camellias bloom ... at rest! So at this time you can do whatever you want with them. In the spring, they wake up - and a new growth begins. Thus, spring transplanting can interfere with the development of new shoots.

Top dressing

It is best to feed the camellia once in the spring, when the plant wakes up and begins to grow. And you should not do this in the fall and during the dormant period, so as not to provoke the formation of young shoots on the eve of hibernation.

Purchase special fertilizers for plants of acidic soil or a conventional complex fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur, as well as trace elements (iron, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, boron). When choosing a fertilizer, read the label carefully: avoid preparations containing calcium and magnesium - these elements are found in sufficient quantities in tap water, and their excess in the soil can lead to the death of the plant.

When diluting the fertilizer in water, reduce its concentration by 2 times compared to that indicated on the label. And remember: camellias do not need a lot of feeding. Excess fertilizer can damage them.

Camellia

Watering and humidity

It is necessary to water the camellia abundantly and evenly, avoiding overmoistening of the earthen coma, or drying it out. The water should be soft (oxalic acid can be added) and warm. Melted or boiled will do. In winter, watering is reduced.

Some experts believe that camellias need to be sprayed. Others believe this is unnecessary if the plant is in a cool and well-ventilated area or outdoors. In winter, it is advisable to put the pot with the plant on a tray with damp pebbles or expanded clay. If you decide to create a humid atmosphere for the plant, remember: spraying must be stopped as soon as the flowers bloom.

Lighting and temperature control

A prerequisite for growing camellias is a cool and well-ventilated room. In winter, the optimum temperature is 8-10 ° C, in summer - 18-20 ° C, during flowering - about 15 ° C. When higher, camellia drops flowers. If such a temperature regime is difficult to ensure in an apartment, it is better to expose the plant to fresh air.

Camellias require bright diffused lighting. It must be shaded from direct sunlight.

Camellia growing in wildlife is widely recognized as an ornamental evergreen flowering plant. It is used for landscaping interiors and landscaping in areas with mild winters and high humidity.

Reproduction

Camellias can be propagated seeds, grafting, layering, cuttings... Which one to choose depends on the skill of the grower. Someone easily succeeds in grafting, someone is on the "you" with seeds, someone prefers to separate part of the bush when transplanting or root cuttings. Each method requires skill. Let us dwell on propagation by cuttings as the most common.

Alas, the camellia cannot be propagated if the cuttings are simply put in water. They are planted directly in sand or in a mixture of equal parts of sand and peat soil. The tip of the cutting should be dipped in phytohormone and the bottom heating of the soil should be provided so that the temperature is approximately 25 ° C. Under these conditions, rooting takes about two months. Be sure to select semi-freshened cuttings (olive green) - young green shoots are not suitable for reproduction.

Camellia


Watch the video: Camellia japonica