Fruit and berry plants

Fruit and berry plants

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How to spray the garden

Hello dear friends!

Gardeners must remember: it is easier to prevent the occurrence of diseases and pests than to get rid of them later.

In my previous article "How and when to spray fruit trees" I spoke in detail about the protection of pome and stone fruit crops, and today, in the article "How to spray the garden»I will talk about the protection of berry bushes.

In the spring, on currants and gooseberries, before budding, the bushes need to be treated with hot water, the temperature of which is 80 - 85 degrees. Shoots inhabited by bud currant mites or glass currant must be cut off.

On strawberries, plant residues should be removed, the bushes should be fed with mineral fertilizers and sprayed with copper-containing preparations. It can be: 1% Bordeaux mixture (100 grams of lime + 100 grams of copper sulfate per 10 liters of water), copper oxychloride - the drug "HOM" (40-50 grams per 10 liters of water), "Kartotsid" (50 grams per 10 liters water), "Copper sulfate" (50 - 100 grams per 10 liters of water).

On raspberries, it is necessary to cut out old, fruiting shoots and those that are inhabited by raspberry stem gall midge, followed by their processing with copper sulfate (25 - 50 grams per 10 liters of water)

The most promising berry crop in our gardens is grapes, the resistance of which to diseases and pests is especially dependent on weather conditions. Nobody knows what summer will be like, so don't wait for harmful pathogens to appear.

During the period of swelling of the kidneys from fungal diseases (Mildew, oidium, anthractosis, black spot), spray the grape bushes with preparations containing copper. Subsequent treatments (before and after flowering) can be carried out with "Gray colloidal" (80 grams per 10 liters of water), "Cumulus" (60 grams per 10 liters of water).

To protect against Mildew, the leaves must be sprayed from the underside.

From leaf rollers and other pests, grapes can be treated with "Karbofos" (70 - 90 grams per 10 liters of water), and from ticks with "Neoron" (15 - 20 milliliters per 10 liters of water)

For today, this is all that I wanted to tell you in the article. How to spray the garden on the protection of berry bushes. Read about tree protection in the article "How and when to spray fruit trees"

I wish you a great harvest! Until next time, friends!


What and when to spray fruit trees

Hello dear friends!

Nobody argues, environmentally friendly fruits are great! But their cultivation is laborious, it takes a lot of gardeners' time, and not everyone can do it.

No matter how much breeders fought, creating new, disease-resistant varieties and hybrids of plants, there are still no absolutely immune to harmful pathogens, despite all the advertising assurances of individual sellers of planting material. And all because the development of diseases and the spread of pests largely depends on the climatic conditions during the growing season, and the weather, as you know, is unpredictable.

So it turns out that the gardener should always be ready for the appearance of dangerous infections and all kinds of gluttonous insects that encroach on his harvest. Well, if the wintering (last year's) forms are preserved on the site, an irreconcilable struggle between the gardener and the "freeloaders" will take place for the fruits and berries.

When, what, how and from whom to save fruit trees and shrubs, an indicative schedule for protecting the garden from pests and diseases will help.

How and when to spray fruit trees and shrubs:

Spraying apples and pears

March - early April. Hope you have done your early spring garden work. This includes cleaning up old bark and eliminating wintering nests of hawthorns and golden-tails. When pruning trees, it was necessary to cut out annual shoots with hibernating eggs of the ringed silkworm.

April. Upon reaching positive temperatures of 4 - 6 degrees - the treatment of the apple tree from the apple flower beetle. Overlay of hunting belts on boles with Pestifix glue.

At the end of April - processing of the garden from stocks of scab and fruit rot. To do this, during the green cone period (the period of swelling of the kidneys), 1% Bordeaux mixture (100 grams of copper sulfate + 100 grams of lime per 10 liters of water) should be used for spraying. Substitutes are also suitable - the drug "HOM" (40 grams per 10 liters of water), "Kartotsid" (40 - 60 grams per 10 liters of water), copper sulphate (100 grams per 10 liters of water), "Abigapik" (50 grams per 10 liters of water).

On the pear, at the beginning of bud break, against ticks, sprinkle with "gray colloidal" (50 - 100 grams per 10 liters of water), "Neoron" (15 - 20 milliliters per 10 liters of water).

May. During the flowering period, it is possible to use biologically active preparations against the caterpillars of leaf rollers, such as Lepidocid (20-30 grams per 10 liters of water), Biotoxibacillin (40-80 grams per 10 liters of water), Fitoverm (1.5 - 2.0 milliliters per liter of water).

Immediately after the flowering of apple and pear trees, in the presence of scale insects, treat the trees against vagrants with "Karbofos" (75 - 90 grams per 10 liters of water). Spraying with "Aktara" preparation, preparation No. 30 is possible.

In the presence of upper-sided or lower-sided mining moths, it is possible to use "Fozolon" or "Rogora-S".

Against scab and powdery mildew, you can use the preparations "Skor" (2 milliliters per 10 liters of water) or "Topaz" (2 milliliters per 10 liters of water).

At the end of May, with the sum of effective temperatures above 10 degrees, corresponding to the moth's summer, it is recommended to treat apple and pear trees in the evening (from 19 to 24 hours) with insecticides. To do this, you will need one of these drugs: Kinmix (2.5 milliliters per 10 liters), Karate (2 milliliters per 10 liters), Karbofos (75 - 90 grams per 10 liters), Insegar ( 5 grams per 10 liters), "Calypso". Pome crops can be re-sprayed after 14 to 16 days.

It is advisable to use Fitoverm (1.5 - 2 milliliters per 1 liter) and Hostaquik (2 milliliters per 10 liters) against aphids.

June. In the first summer month, under unfavorable conditions, a second treatment against the codling moth may be necessary. The preparations are the same as in May. In order to prevent addiction, it is better to alternate the drugs.

In the presence of ticks, trees should be treated with Neoron (15 - 20 milliliters per 10 liters of water), Colloidal sulfur (50 - 100 grams per 10 liters of water).

Against scab, apply "Skor" (2 milliliters per 10 liters of water), "Agat-25" (1.2 grams per 6 liters), copper sulfate (15 - 20 grams per 10 liters of water), "Impact".

July. This month, seed crops are treated with a weak solution of copper sulfate (5 - 10 grams per 10 liters of water). This technique has a deterrent effect - there will be no weevils on the trees.

All synthetic treatments should be discontinued 20 days before harvest.

So, we figured out how and when to spray fruit trees of pome crops.

Spraying stone fruit crops

We include cherry, sweet cherry, plum, blackthorn, apricot, peach to stone fruit crops. They have their own tree processing schedule.

April. During the period when buds begin to bloom, against fungal diseases, it is necessary to treat trees with copper-containing preparations. Let me remind you: this is a 1% Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate (100 grams per 10 liters), "Kartotsid" (60 grams per 10 liters) and copper oxychloride (40 grams per 10 liters), it is permissible to use "Kuprozan", "Khomycin" according to the instructions ...

May. After flowering stone fruit crops, it is necessary to carry out repeated treatments with copper-containing preparations. Immediately after flowering, plum trees should be sprinkled against the plum thickfoot with karbofos (75 - 90 grams per 10 liters of water) or Decis (2 milliliters per 10 liters of water), etc.

June. At an air temperature above + 10 degrees, the first treatment is carried out against the plum moth with karbofos (75 - 90 grams per 10 liters) and "Fozolon" (according to the instructions). The second treatment is possible with the same preparations after 12-14 days.

Treatment of cherries against cherry flies (approximately the second half of June) with coniferous extract, infusion of garlic, wormwood decoction or preparations "Cymbush" (1.5 milliliters per 10 liters of water), "Kinmix" (2.5 liters per 10 liters of water), etc. ...

From scab, coccomycosis, moniliosis, clasteroporia, it is necessary to treat stone fruit cultures with copper preparations. In addition to 1% Bordeaux mixture and copper sulfate (100 grams per 10 liters), it is possible to use "Kartotsid" (60 grams per 10 liters of water) or copper oxychloride (40 grams per 10 liters of water).

July. Spraying trees with "Lepidocid" (20 - 30 grams per 10 liters of water), "Bitoxibacillin" (40 - 80 grams per 10 liters of water), "Fitoverm" (1.5 - 2.0 milliliters per 10 liters of water) against larvae cherry slimy sawfly.

All synthetic treatments should be discontinued 20 days before harvest.

Read about the protection of berry bushes in the article "How to spray the garden"


Reproduction methods

Growing from seeds

It is necessary to store myrikaria seeds correctly, otherwise they will very quickly lose their germination. They are stored for storage in a waterproof bag, which must be hermetically closed. The air temperature should be moderate.

Sowing of seed is carried out the next year after collection. It needs stratification. When there are 7 days left before sowing the seeds, they are placed on the shelf of the refrigerator for this time, and the temperature should be from 3 to 5 degrees. Stratified seeds are distinguished by high germination rate - more than 95 percent. If we neglect the preparation of seeds, then at best only 1/3 of it will sprout.

Fill the seed box with the substrate and spread the seeds over the surface. From above, the seeds are not sprinkled with earth, and also they are not buried in the substrate. It is recommended to water the crops using the bottom-up or drip method. The seeds will hatch after two or three days, while the first seedlings will appear only after about 7 days. When the seedlings grow up and get stronger, they are planted in open ground. This is done only after warm weather sets in, because even small frosts are detrimental to the plants.

Cuttings

Carry out the preparation of cuttings. To do this, you can use both lignified stems and young (annual). It is possible to propagate myrikaria by cuttings throughout the growing season. The length of the segments should be equal to 0.25 m, and their thickness can be up to 10 mm.

After cutting, the cuttings are immersed in a solution of a growth stimulating agent, for example: Heteroauxin, Epin or Kornevin. You need to get them out after 1-3 hours and immediately plant them in cut-off plastic bottles or separate pots. Despite the fact that the cuttings give roots quickly, the plants are kept at home during the first year. The point is that they will not be able to survive the cold winter. With the onset of spring, when it gets warmer outside, you can plant cuttings in open ground.


Growing and care

Barberry is easy to grow and requires little or no maintenance.

Watering

Barberry tolerates the vagaries of the weather well, it should be watered only during prolonged drought, the shrub does not like excessive amounts of water. Plants tolerate drought better than waterlogging.

Careful care of the tunberg barberry (red) is required. It should be watered carefully, under the root, without wetting the leaves due to the increased risk of fungal infections.

Top dressing

Barberry does not need fertilization. On very poor soils, if you want the bush to be beautiful, lush, you can sprinkle the soil around with granular multicomponent mineral fertilizer. Apply 2 doses of fertilizer per year, with an interval of 3 weeks.

Natural fertilizers are also suitable - chicken manure, cow dung, nettle infusions. Enough 2-3 doses of fertilizer with an interval of 2-3 weeks.

Wintering

Barberry is a frost-resistant plant; in our climate it does not need to be covered. Even if some shoots freeze, they should be cut off, the plant will quickly recover.

Therefore, you can grow barberry in the Moscow region and in Siberia, the Urals, the Far East. Barberry Amursky, for example, grows well in Transbaikalia, Amur region, withstands frosts up to -45 degrees. However, decorative varieties have less winter hardiness. In the harsh Siberian conditions, they should be planted in sheltered places, covered for the winter with branches, peat, spruce branches, dry leaves or agrofibre. After winter, the covering material must be removed in time. The species available for cultivation in Siberia are Korean, Amur, Juliana (may freeze in snowless places), Spring, tunberg barberry - atropurpurea, aurea.

The species is not afraid of air pollution, so it feels good in the city. The level of resistance of a shrub to adverse environmental conditions depends on the variety and on whether the variety is evergreen or not.Common barberry and Korean barberry are resistant to frost, evergreen species are less resistant, they need to be covered for the winter.

Pruning shoots

Pruning barberry is the most important procedure to be followed. The bush becomes denser, occupies the area faster.

When to prune barberry? It is best to prune after flowering, that is, in late spring or early summer, from April to June.

Old and damaged shoots should be pruned, leaving young, healthy ones. To form hedges, the shrub is cut evenly at the desired height and width.

Shoots can be cut to 1 / 3-2 / 3 in length. Plants tolerate shearing well, but there is no need for pruning to thicken.


Application in the garden

Mirabilis is a great plant for a sunny or slightly shaded flower bed. It is worth planting it in the immediate vicinity of the recreation area (gazebo, bench) so that in the evening you can feel the pleasant aroma of flowers. If there is no such corner of rest mixed with the greenery of the garden, it is a good idea to grow mirabilis in pots, containers. In gardens, the plant will look beautiful under the trees, near the hedge.

In the garden, it is better to plant a plant in numerous groups, only then all its beauty will manifest. Each flower blooms, lives one day and is immediately replaced by another. A bush planted alone will not show all the charm.

Mirabilis is an interesting plant that should be invited to the garden, balcony or terrace. It is easy to grow, has excellent decorative qualities, will make your evening rest pleasant, and can become a fragrant addition to many compositions.

Sellers often emphasize the fact that flowers glow. However, you should not fully rely on such promises. It should be remembered that only yellow flowers contain beta-xanthine, which provides this property.


Blackberry care

In general, garden blackberries are not demanding to care for. Particular attention should be paid to the seedling in the first year of life - regular watering, loosening the soil and weeding are important for it. For adult bushes, watering is carried out only as needed and in extreme heat, since the main root of the culture is located deep enough and the dryness of the soil is not afraid of it. During the periods of berry ovary and fruiting, it is recommended to water the blackberry more often, since the quality and taste of the berries suffer from the lack of moisture.

It is customary to cover the soil around the bushes with mulch. This measure greatly simplifies the care of the blackberry, as it eliminates the need for weeding, loosening and frequent watering. As for fertilizers, you can do without them if the plants look healthy and bear fruit abundantly - this means that the soil in which they grow is fertile. If there is a slowdown in growth or a lack of berries, then in the spring you can add a little nitrogen fertilizer (20-25 g / 1 bush) or humus (0.5-1 bucket / 1 bush). Before the start of fruiting, the bushes are fed with potassium so that the berries are sweet and tasty.

Blackberries of any variety require pruning and pinching (shortening) of the shoots. The culture rarely gets sick, but in order to completely eliminate this risk, it is recommended to carry out preventive spraying of the bushes with light insecticides: copper sulfate, Bordeaux liquid.

The culture does not tolerate low temperatures, so for the winter it must be covered with a thick layer of mulch (peat, humus, sawdust, dry tops, needles), snow or more reliable shelter - it all depends on the climatic conditions of the region.

For example, growing blackberries in the Moscow region, planting and caring for which also depends on the climate, involves sheltering not only with mulch, but also with covering material, since the winter temperature in the central zone often drops below -20 ° C. While the cultivation of blackberries in Ukraine is a little easier, because the climate of this country is milder, and winters with temperatures of -20 ° C are not so frequent.

For creeping forms of blackberries, it is necessary to install supports (trellises). The easiest way to install a support is to drive in a long peg and tie shoots to it, which is often done by summer residents. However, for a large planting, the installation of real trellises with wire, up to 2 m high is required. The trellis is the most convenient design for creeping and semi-creeping varieties, since it greatly simplifies pruning, bush formation, harvesting, and, importantly, helps the bush to remain compact.


  1. Fruit and berry bushes are a practical decoration for personal plots. They can be used as a hedge or a brightly flowering plant in landscaping.
  2. In addition to their beautiful appearance, the plants bear a rich harvest of useful fruits.
  3. Berries grown in the garden can be eaten fresh or used to make drinks, juice, marmalade, jam, preserves, wine, etc.
  4. In addition to fruits, the leaves, shoots and bark of shrubs are also used.
  5. Most of the fruit and berry bushes are unpretentious to climatic conditions, quite resistant to drought and low temperatures.

The best 15 varieties of currants for Siberia are presented in this material.


Watch the video: Growing Soft Fruits for Beginners