Question: fruit trees
I have an apricot tree that was born from the burial of an apricot kernel let's say homemade I have to transplant it in the garden we are in March it is possible that the transplant is successful and how to proceed (soil preparation, etc.)
Fruit trees: Answer: fruit trees
Hello Tatiana and thank you for contacting us through the "questions and answers" section of our website. You were really good and lucky to see an apricot seedling born from the buried pit and now you will have to be equally good at making sure that the planting of this plant is successful.
First let's talk about the transplant period: March is a great time to plant plants but first you need to see where you are. In fact, if your land is in the plains or in areas with a Mediterranean climate you can proceed without fear but if you are in areas where temperatures can drop below 0 ° C in March, you should wait a little, at least until when the danger of late frosts will be averted.
Second point to clarify is the age of the seedling. We can transplant plants of any age but clearly the smaller the seedlings are, the more they will struggle to establish themselves because the greater the competition from weeds. Consequently, we always recommend planting seedlings of at least 2-3 years of age which will then be kept in pots for the first years. Before putting your apricot seedling in the garden it will be advisable to grow it for a couple of years in the pot, in a sort of incubation period to allow the plant to develop and fortify itself without having to fight for competition with other plants.
After verifying the first two points, you can proceed with planting the plant. First of all, it is necessary to carry out a working of the soil limited to the planting area: a digging in the first 30-50 cm of soil is more than enough. Once the soil has been worked, the fruit plain can be planted and the area fertilized with floured or pelleted manure. For the first few days after transplanting, it is advisable to irrigate the area frequently to help the plant take root and overcome transplant stress. In the following months you will have to pay attention to the growth of weeds in the vicinity of the stem of the plant, possibly eliminating the weeds manually.
Following these operations, the transplant should be successful and if no diseases or complications occur in a few years we will have an excellent fruit plant in our garden.
Fruit trees: which ones are suitable for the garden
Fruit trees can become the original and attractive element for your garden. Which ones are suitable? We explain it to you in this article.
Commonly, it is believed that only ornamental plants should be placed in the garden, which give peace and well-being. Plants that give colorful and fragrant flowers are the favorites. Together with them the particular ones also stand out, Better if the plants that they are arranged in the garden are able to give cool shade or to repair, with their branches, from the curiosity of the neighbors.
Fruit trees are relegated to inconspicuous spaces or even to the back. You have to change your point of view and start thinking that, fruit trees are also beautiful to look at as well as useful. These are plants that better than others, are able to represent the succession of the seasons: flowering, the appearance of the first flowers and, finally, the fall of the leaves, are all very beautiful phases to observe and which deserve a place of interest. honor in your garden.
If you think about fruit trees do you think of the provisions of industrial orchards? Forget them! It doesn't mean your garden has to necessarily become an orchard. A little creativity is enough to make them the highlight of your garden, where different varieties of plants could coexist, to create a unique mix.
Let's see together which are the most suitable fruit trees for your garden in terms of size, resistance, climate and much more.
Apricots are wonderfully soft and juicy in flesh. The tree is easy to grow and is not sensitive to disease and frost. The soft pink flowering in May makes the tree even more attractive. You can grow your own apricots on the balcony or in the garden. Make sure the tree is well sheltered, in a warm spot and in full sun.
The kiwi plant is a true climber and can withstand even the winter cold. Plant the shrub in the ground or in a pot on the terrace or balcony. So in June you can enjoy the fragrant white flowers, as well as the fabulous vision of bees and butterflies approaching them. You will make the kiwi happy by finding it a sheltered spot in full sun.
When are fruit trees planted?
Some advice to grow them at their best
A fruit tree can be planted in a very large time frame that goes from October until mid-April. Just in case it is peach is apricots it must be planted starting from March.
The hole to be dug for planting must have a diameter of at least 1.5 meters and be at least 50 cm deep. Once the tree has been planted, you must be very careful not to form stagnant water that would create molds harmful to the growth of the plant. Another precaution to observe is to choose a good pole as a support to tie the plant that will accompany its growth for a few years.
Avoid tying it too tightly, but allow the shrub to breathe and grow in diameter.
Depending on the type of plant chosen, this will take up a certain space in your garden. In any case, make sure they are there at least 5 meters of earth between one plant and another. In this way the roots will not compete for water and the branches will not intertwine with each other, shading and hindering each other in growth. A distance of 5 meters is also good to keep from the border with your neighbor's garden. By having this concern you will avoid considerable hassle, because there will be no leaves or fruit that will fall on its property.
Finally we must take into account that a fruit tree needs some maintenance. As a rule, pruning is carried out every other year in order to create a sort of vase. All the branches pointing inside the plant must therefore be removed and the external structure must be lightened. In this way it will be easier to collect the fruit and the branches will not break when they are full of fruit or in case of heavy snowfall.
For operations of pruning of fruit trees, being delicate operations and if you do not want to rely on an expert, it is good to equip yourself with the appropriate tools:
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Fruit trees, for a garden that is not just flowering
Do you remember Isaac Newton and his research on the force of gravity started with an apple? The scholar was almost certainly seated under one of the fruit trees in the garden of his house.
We can then say that fruit trees in one green space bring certain advantages, even if you may not be as lucky as the scientist.
In a garden conceived in this way, not only will you be able to enjoy tasty fruits, you will also have the satisfaction of having a complete and aesthetically impeccable green space, with rich flowering. We propose some of the fruit trees to choose from based on their characteristics and needs of exposure and climate.
Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
It is not among evergreen trees, but is often used among ornamental plants because it is very resistant to the Mediterranean climate, arid in summer and more severe in winter. Precisely in these environments it survives all types of diseases, but in unsuitable conditions (excessively humid or rainy), in summer it is subject to root rot. The sine qua non of pomegranate is cultivation in a dry and well-drained environment - where it resists to -10 ° C - and with high insolation.
As for the land, it has no particular needs. Excluding significant fruit-bearing productions, for which adequate depth is required.
During the summer it assumes an orange coloring. The adult specimens are small in size and reach 1,5 m high. As they grow they develop a round-shape shrub.
Among the most widespread garden trees in the world, it usually has modest dimensions, in fact it does not exceed 3-4 meters in height. The foliage is evergreen, dark, glossy and slightly leathery, with a pointed oval shape. The stem is erect and solitary, wide enough to support a dense crown, the branching is often semi-woody and in many species it sports long and sharp thorns. Flowering is white and fragrant, the petals of the buds are streaked with purple, it blooms in late winter, but some varieties also bloom in late summer or at other times of the year.
It requires regular watering: neither scarce in the hot and dry months, nor excessive in the cool and humid months. The main challenge is the environmental humidity: it is necessary to plant the lemon in a very sunny area and, sheltered from strong winter winds, in a fertile and loose soil, very well drained, which does not cause the formation of water stagnations. , which the plant does not tolerate in any way.
Medlar (Mespilus germanica)
Shrub or small tree with deciduous leaves. As an adult it can grow up to 4-6 m in height. The bark is greyish, smooth, the crown is rounded, very branched, dense. The leaves are large with short, oval petioles, dark green on the upper part, almost white on the lower part.
In spring it produces solitary flowers, at the apex of new branches, white in color. In autumn it produces rounded fruits, of an intense orange color.
The Medlar prefers sunny locations to grow without problems, but adapts well in areas with partial shade (sunlight for at least a few hours every day). It is content with rain, but may need abundant watering in prolonged periods of drought. It resists the cold, but very young specimens should be sheltered for the first winter after planting.
Hazel of Constantinople, Colurno (Corylus colurna)
Among the medium-sized, deciduous garden trees. Its trunk is erect, its branches symmetrical, and its pyramidal crown is very regular. It can reach 12-15 meters in height, but its growth is slow: for a considerable number of years it can remain below 5-6 meters.
The bark is gray-brown, smooth in very young specimens, it tends to crack in a striking way with the passing of the years, sometimes opening in flakes, revealing the lower orange bark. The leaves are dark green and rounded, slightly wrinkled and with serrated edges turn yellow in autumn, before falling. The Hazel is satisfied with the rains and tolerates drought without any problem, especially if it is a specimen that has been home for a long time.
Orange trees are medium in size and in old age they can reach 7-10 m in height. They are evergreen trees and have a large crown with oval leaves, dark green, slightly leathery. Flowering is spring, white, with fleshy, very fragrant petals. The fruits ripen from November, but there are many varieties of orange with flowers that bloom late, so it is possible to have ripe fruit from the beginning of November until late May. The orange fruits, oranges, are generally rounded, with the skin of the typical light or dark orange color, or even reddish.
They adapt well to a Mediterranean climate, characterized by mild winters and hot summers. For a few weeks, between the end of the winter period and the beginning of spring, the oranges have a brief moment of vegetative rest, during which it is possible to dedicate themselves to new grafts, pruning and other such interventions.
It is an evergreen tree plant that belongs to the Rutaceae family, to the Citrus genus and to the clementine species. It is currently the most popular mandarance. It is a small sturdy tree, more vigorous than the mandarin, with rounded and expanded crown, the branches are sometimes thorny, the roots are taproot and develop in depth. The leaves are lanceolate, green and the petioles have small wings. The flowers are small, white, fragrant, single or aggregate, the flowering is abundant but the birth of the fruits is rather late.
The cultivation of this tree for ornamental purposes does not cause particular problems, as long as the climatic zone is suitable. Clementine, like all citrus fruits, prefers warm temperate climates, the ideal environment is the Mediterranean basin, although it has a better resistance to cold than mandarin.
The tree prefers completely sunny environments but sheltered from the wind, which could cause the branches to break and the leaves of the young shoots to dry up. If necessary, you can opt for the construction of windbreak barriers. Loose soils are the preferred ones for planting Clementine: of medium texture, deep, fertile, well drained, with a good content of organic matter so that the soil is well ventilated.
Ziziphus jujuba (jujube)
The fame of Giuggiolo seems to be on the decline, yet, not only is it a tree cultivated by man for millennia, but it is also a beautiful fruit plant, therefore absolutely considered as an ornamental plant. It is a small tree, which usually does not exceed 3-4 meters in height, the bark is wrinkled and the branches grow twisted tortuous and often drooping. They also defend themselves with numerous large and very sharp thorns. The foliage is deciduous, consisting of pinnate leaves, composed of small oval leaflets, bright green, shiny and slightly leathery. In late spring or early summer, it produces a profusion of small white flowers, followed by olive-like, dark red-brown and edible fruits.
It grows very slowly and just as slowly produces fruit. It easily adapts to various types of soil, resists situations of severe aridity because its roots are very developed in depth, it prefers light, not humid, neutral or sub-alkaline soils. It lives in areas with a temperate climate with winter lows not lower than 10 ° C and with long and hot summers. The plant can suffer damage from early frosts in the autumn period, so cultivation in northern environments is only possible under particular microclimates such as near lakes or in well exposed hills. At the end of the summer or in autumn the jujubes ripen and are light green in color.
In this section, of eurogunting.com, dedicated to fruit trees you will find many useful tips and tricks for cultivate is cure your firsts plants, the right tools and the choice of the best terrain.
The taste of a cultivated fruit is in fact clearly better than any bought from a greengrocer or at the supermarket, we can know with certainty that they have not been sprayed with insecticides so harmful to our health.
With our little tips it will be child's play cultivate a fruit plant in your garden or vegetable garden or in pots on your terrace.
The Mulberry is a tree is a fast-growing tree that comes from Lombardy where it was used for the breeding of silkworms. This plant is perfect for a small garden where you want it create a shadowy space thanks to its dense foliage with beautiful, evergreen leaves. You can choose between the fruit variety and the fruitless variety. In any case, the height does not exceed eight meters.
The Golden rain tree, scientific name koelreuteria, is a small tree that is often chosen for small gardens. It lives very well in confined spaces and is quite hardy. It has bright yellow flowers and dark green leaves for this reason it is known by the name of "Golden rain tree".
Here's how to choose fruit trees to grow in your garden
First you have to choose which fruit trees to plant in your garden. The choice must be made, without a doubt, taking into account your personal tastes. So think about which fruits you like the most and plant a tree for each of them.
This is especially possible if the land available in your garden is large enough, as a rule, they need a lot of space. If you have little but do not want to give up having more types of fruit trees, there is a very simple solution that is right for you: planting dwarf fruit trees. Being very small, these trees can also be grown in pots, to be kept on the patio or on the terrace. Another alternative is to choose espalier fruit trees that lean on railings and fences allowing you to save a lot of space.
Some fruit trees can be planted from seed, for example the goji plant .
These are the Himalayan berries called eternal youth, very popular in this period and which are really very good for the health and beauty of the body. But if you want to plant real fruit trees it is good to buy the shrub directly so as not to have to wait too long for the first fruits to grow.