Duke (cherry-cherry hybrids): what it is and description of the Duke variety Miracle cherry

Duke (cherry-cherry hybrids): what it is and description of the Duke variety Miracle cherry

Many people love cherries for their incomparable taste and aroma. Others like cherries, especially the dark varieties with large, firm, sweet fruits. But today the duke is in great demand - hybrids of cherry and sweet cherry. The Ducs inherited the best qualities of their predecessors. Among the most popular varieties of dukes is the Wonderful Cherry variety. To grow a healthy tree and harvest high yields of fruits, it is useful to know about the intricacies and features of planting and caring for this crop.

Description and characteristics of cherries

To understand the peculiarities of the dukes, let's go back two centuries. The name Duke comes from the first hybrid Mau Duck (translated from English as the Duke of May), obtained in the 19th century in England from free pollination of sweet cherries. This hybrid had unusual qualities: its fruits ripened very early, were large and sweet, like cherries, and from cherries it inherited a pronounced cherry aroma.

Interestingly, the name Duke became even more widespread in Russia than in Europe. In Russia, the first duke grade was obtained by I.V. Michurin in 1888 on the basis of the Central Russian variety of Belle cherry and Winkler white cherry. It was at that time one of the most winter-hardy and frost-hardy hybrids of cherry and sweet cherry, and therefore received the name Krasa Severa. This variety grew well and regularly yielded crops in the Moscow region, the North-West region and even in some areas of Western Siberia, but its flower buds often froze.

Duke Miracle cherry belongs to the last generation of duke varieties. It was obtained by crossing the Griot Ostgeimsky cherry and the Valery Chkalov cherry. Medium height, with a spreading crown - the tree looks more like a sweet cherry. A characteristic feature of the variety is the early ripening of the fruit. Ripening period - from 10 to 20 June, simultaneously with early varieties of sweet cherries. The duke is distinguished by very abundant fruiting. The first fruits of the Miracle cherry give in the second or third year after planting in a permanent place in the garden. The tree enters full fruiting at the age of 4–5 years.

Characteristics of the fruits of the Miracle cherry:

  • large fruits weighing 9–10 g;
  • beautiful dark red, almost burgundy color;
  • fruit pulp of medium density, juicy;
  • dessert taste, sweet with a pleasant slight sourness, there is a pronounced cherry aroma.

Photo gallery: Miracle cherry in spring and summer

The main advantages inherent in the Miracle Cherry variety:

  • high yields, 12-15 kg of fruits from one tree;
  • large-fruited;
  • regular sustainable fruiting;
  • high degree of drought resistance;
  • increased resistance to dangerous fungal diseases coccomycosis and moniliosis;
  • good winter hardiness of the stem and average winter hardiness of fruit buds.

The disadvantages of the variety include self-infertility. The trees bloom profusely, but the fruits either do not set at all, or give a very low yield. This property is typical for most dykes and requires the presence of pollinating trees on the site for cross-pollination.

Video: Duke - a hybrid of cherry and sweet cherry

Features of planting and growing dukes

In order for the duke cherries to grow well and bear fruit, they need to be carefully looked after: in the spring, regularly prune, apply fertilizers, water in the heat (especially on light sandy soils), thoroughly clean the space under the trees from weeds and garden debris.

Planting timing of the Miracle cherry

Since the dukes are cherry-cherry hybrids, and the sweet cherry is cultivated mainly in the southern regions, the frost resistance of the dukes is lower than that of ordinary cherries. This limits the ability to grow Miracle Cherries in the northern regions. In the middle lane, mid-April is considered the best time to plant a duke. When the threat of spring frost has passed, the seedlings are ready for planting. The development of cherry seedlings strongly depends on the warming up of the soil and the surrounding air: the temperature plus ten degrees is borderline, during which the vegetation processes begin and end. The plant goes into a dormant state when the temperature drops below plus ten degrees. Therefore, it is best to plant seedlings when the soil warms up above +15ºFROM.

The second half of April is the best time for planting and transplanting garden fruit plants. And, alas, it is short: from thawing the soil to budding. Try not to miss out on these golden days, as spring plantings always take root better and are less stressful. Optimum air and soil temperatures at this time contribute to the survival of plants.

For the southern regions, it is recommended to plant seedlings in the spring at the end of March-early April, or in the fall during October, a month before the onset of the autumn cold.

Site preparation

The choice of the most suitable site for growing duke cherry largely determines the future development of trees and obtaining good yields. The tree planting site should be flat, open, and well lit by the sun throughout the day. If there are slopes, then they should be gentle, with a slope of no more than 5-8º... The presence of a shade negatively affects the quality of the fruit, the sustainability of fruiting and yield indicators. In mid-latitudes, it is advisable to plant dyke seedlings in areas with a southern, southeastern or southwestern exposure. The presence of a high fence near the planting site creates a kind of barrier to protect young trees from cold northern winds. For southern regions, the tree growing area should be oriented to the west, northwest or north. This will allow you to avoid excessive drying of the soil and burns of leaves on hot summer days. Low-lying areas are undesirable for cultivation of the Miracle cherry, especially with stagnant water and humid cold air. Such conditions are detrimental to the tree. High-standing groundwaters are also contraindicated - their level of occurrence should not exceed 1.5–2 m. Usually, with a close location of groundwater (less than 2 m from the earth's surface), cherries are planted on a low mound of 0.3–0.5 m.

The plot for growing the Miracle cherry must be flat, well-lit, without lowlands and steep slopes.

In the case when the seedlings are planned to be planted in the spring, it is recommended to prepare the planting holes in the fall. A hole dug out in size is filled with a mixture of excavated soil and mineral-organic fertilizers and left until spring. You should refrain from using nitrogen fertilizers in the fall.

For autumn planting, the pit is prepared in advance about a month in advance. The best soils for growing dukes are chernozems, brown and forest soils, loams and sandy loams, which are well heated and have a loose structure to ensure sufficient water and air permeability of the soil. If the soil is clayey, crushed stone, heavy, sand, compost, peat, rotted straw should be added to loosen it before planting. The acidity of the soil is of great importance when growing duke cherry. Its indicator should be neutral, within (pH) 6.5-7.0. If this indicator is higher, then before planting, the soil is deacidified by adding wood ash or dolomite flour (wood ash 700-800 g / m², dolomite flour - 350-400 g / m²).

Selection of seedlings

If your own seedlings grown for planting are not available, it is advisable to buy them in a nursery or fruit growing farms. For planting, one-year-old seedlings should be chosen, which have several shoots, a well-developed root system and the wood is fully ripe. To avoid buying wild or low-quality planting material, it is necessary to purchase only varietal root-grown and grafted seedlings.

Photo gallery: selection of seedlings and their planting

Cherry planting process

Before planting seedlings, mark the site. It should be borne in mind that the distance between future mature trees should be at least 3-4 m, and between the rows of trees at least 5 m. Having marked the site, they begin to prepare the planting holes. If the soil is fertile, the size of the pit can be from 80x80 cm to 90x90 cm, depending on the size of the root system. The depth of the pit is usually 40–50 cm. It is recommended to increase the size of the planting pit by 50% if the soil is not fertile or heavy enough.

A few days before planting, the roots of the seedlings should be kept in water with root formation stimulants (Kornevin, Zircon). You can make a pink solution of potassium permanganate or potassium humate to kill possible pathogenic bacteria or fungus. This pre-planting root treatment is carried out if the seedlings have a weak or damaged root system (especially if the seedlings have an open root system).

Step-by-step planting process:

  1. Taking into account the length and density of the roots of the seedling, prepare a pit of a suitable size. The top, most fertile soil layer (about 20-30 cm in height), when digging, leave at the edge of the pit.
  2. Mix evenly organic and mineral fertilizers in the composition: 2-3 buckets of rotted manure or compost, 1 kg of wood ash, 100 g of simple superphosphate (or 60 g of double), 80 g of potassium sulfate (or 40 g of potassium chloride) per pit.
  3. Loosen the bottom of the pit to a depth of 8-10 cm and moisten the soil with 1 bucket (10 l) of room temperature water.
  4. After the water has been absorbed, lay the mineral-organic substrate and soil from the pit dumped to the edge of the pit in layers. Fill the hole no more than 2/3. After that, mix the entire soil mixture thoroughly and slightly compact.
  5. Firmly drive the future support of the seedling into the center of the hole - a stake with a diameter of 5-7 cm, a length of 130-150 cm. This must be done just before planting the seedling, and not vice versa. Pour a small mound of planting soil around the support.
  6. For a seedling, immediately before planting, you need to cut off all broken, rotten and moldy roots.
  7. In a previously prepared mixture of fresh manure with powdered clay, dip the roots of the prepared seedling. The thickness of the mixture is about the same as thick sour cream.
  8. Place a rail across the pit. Lean the seedling against the support in such a way that the root collar (the place where the trunk transitions to the roots) is at the level or above the soil surface by 6-8 cm.
  9. Gently spread and spread the roots of the seedling down the mound.
  10. Gradually cover the roots with the remaining soil from the dump, periodically compacting it.
  11. When the roots are covered with soil by about 15 cm, it is necessary to water the tree abundantly with water and fill the hole with earth to the top.
  12. Mulch the soil around the seedling with compost or humus with a layer of about 10 cm.
  13. With a soft braid, carefully tie the planted tree to the support with an eight.

Video: the process of planting cherries

An important point to remember: almost all varieties of dukes are self-fertile and do not pollinate each other, so they need pollinators. If possible, plant one or two pollinating trees near several dyke cherries. Both cherries and cherries are suitable as pollinators. Considering the fact that the timing of flowering for dukes does not usually coincide with them, it is necessary to select the right tree varieties for high-quality pollination. Cherries should be late and cherry early. If there is no place for planting pollinators on the site, you can graft twigs of several varieties of cherry and sweet cherry into the crown of the duke.

The best pollinators for Chudo-cherry are Molodezhnaya, Lyubskaya and Bulatnikovskaya cherry varieties, Iput cherry, Donchanka, Yaroslavna. Cherry varieties Large-fruited and Valery Chkalov are not used as pollinators.

Watering and feeding the ducks

Watering trees is one of the essential conditions for competent agricultural technology for their cultivation. Cherry responds to irrigation by increasing yields and enlarging the fruits. Dukes, like all fruit crops, are not watered at the root, so as not to expose the root system and not to provoke tree diseases. For irrigation, two furrows with a depth of about 15–20 cm are formed along the crown projection: the first one at a distance of 50 cm from the trunk, the next one also at a distance of 50 cm from the first. Considering that dykes are drought-resistant plants, they tolerate under-watering better than waterlogging of the soil. As a result of excessive moisture, the soil under the cherries becomes compacted, which leads to a violation of its natural aeration. Subject to regular precipitation in spring and summer, mature trees need abundant watering 4 times during the growing season:

  • immediately after flowering (simultaneously with feeding);
  • when pouring fruits (about 15–20 days before ripening);
  • water charging (podzimny) watering in October after leaf fall.

In the process of watering, 3 to 6 buckets of water are applied under each tree so that the root layer of soil is well saturated - 40 cm. Young saplings of dukes are watered twice a week during the first 15-18 days after planting, then they switch to watering once a week. Two buckets of water are enough for one seedling. After complete absorption of water, the soil under the cherries is mulched with compost, dry grass or peat. Trees should be watered early in the morning or in the evening after sunset. In addition to mulching, it is necessary to periodically loosen the soil within the trunk circle, and also regularly remove weeds. For young trees, this should be done at least once a week.

Depending on the size of the tree, one or two furrows are formed along the crown projection for irrigation. Alternatively, several small irrigation holes can be made in the trunk circle.

Video: cherry care

Provided that the planting pit was filled with a full range of organic matter and mineral fertilizers, in the next two or three years, the dykes need not be fertilized. Trees 3-4 years old should not be overfed with fertilizers (especially organic matter), as this can cause overgrowth of shoots to the detriment of fruiting. When applying root dressing, it is imperative to loosen the soil under the cherries so that the roots have normal aeration, and the fertilizers are evenly distributed in the soil layer.

Table: feeding cherry-duke with mineral and organic fertilizers

Pruning and shaping the crown of the Miracle cherry

Duke Miracle cherry is a hybrid of cherry and sweet cherry, therefore he inherited their characteristics: the tree got its average growth from cherry, and the arrangement of branches from sweet cherry. The flower buds are located, like a sweet cherry - mainly on bouquet branches and annual shoots. If the duke is not formed appropriately, then its crown will have a narrow-pyramidal shape with branches extended upward, in contrast to the predominantly round cherry crown. The vertically directed shoots of fruit trees negatively affect the fruiting process, reduce the yield of the crop and complicate the process of harvesting fruits. To solve this problem, pruning of the main branches and overgrown shoots is used.

The main purpose of pruning cherries is the formation of a strong stem and skeletal branches, timely rejuvenation of aging shoots, prolongation of the intensity of fruiting and its active period, regulation of growth, and improvement of fruit quality. The pruning of the ducks is carried out depending on the age of the tree: before the beginning of the fruiting period - for the correct formation of the crown, after the entry of the cherry into the period of stable fruiting - to regulate the growth of the tree and yield.

The following types of pruning are required for the Miracle Cherry:

  1. Formative. With its help, a crown of a certain type and size is created, and skeletal and overgrown branches are formed.It is used for young seedlings in the process of strong growth, and continues until the beginning of the fruiting period. For ducks up to five years of age, pruning is done annually, after that - as needed. With this pruning, the base of the crown of skeletal branches is laid, on which overgrowing shoots subsequently grow. At the same time, adjusting pruning is performed. Its purpose is to weaken tree growth and accelerate fruiting.
  2. Regulatory (supporting). Allows you to maintain the size of the crown and maintain the best level of lighting inside and outside. As a result, an optimal balance is created between active vegetation and cherry fruiting. When the length of the shoots reaches 30 cm, the regulating pruning consists in creating a balance between the number of vegetative and fruiting branches.
  3. Anti-aging. This type of pruning stimulates the growth of overgrown new shoots in dukes over eight years old. At the same time, the number of branches with flower buds increases, which makes it possible to extend the productive age of the tree and contributes to an increase in cherry yield.
  4. Restorative pruning is performed when the tree has suffered from adverse conditions (disease, pest, frost) or in the absence of the necessary care. This pruning helps the plant return to normal growth and fruiting.

To create a harmonious healthy cherry crown, remove all shoots below the skeletal branches, drooping shoots of the lower branches, thickening the crown and branches growing up

Basic principles of formative pruning of young duke seedlings:

  1. The crown of a tree is formed according to a sparse-tiered scheme.
  2. An annual cherry seedling is pruned immediately after planting. Lateral shoots are shortened to 3-4 of the most evenly spaced buds. In this case, the central shoot (guide) should be 10–15 cm above the growth point of the upper of the lateral shoots. If the seedling has buds ready to open, they must be removed. All shoots lower along the trunk should be shortened by 2/3 of the length.
  3. In the second year in spring, all one-year growths should be cut to the outer bud to avoid growing vertically upwards.
  4. By the spring of the third year, 6–9 skeletal branches are formed in place of the previously shortened branches. They are cut in half, leaving 50-60 cm of last year's growth. The competing shoots growing on the side shorten up to three buds. Branches growing vertically inside the crown are cut out completely so that they do not thicken the crown.

Video: Forming Duke Trim

Cherries are pruned in both winter and summer. The best time for pruning ducks is considered to be the end of winter and early spring - before bud break. In this case, the ambient temperature should be at least + 8-10ºC. It should be borne in mind that the delay in pruning greatly weakens the young seedlings. Mature cherries can also be pruned in early June. Reducing the height of the tree can be achieved by trimming the top of the crown onto a side branch. This operation should be carried out after the trees enter fruiting. Pruning earlier can enhance duke growth. The reduction of the crown is carried out in the summer, combining it with harvesting.

For young seedlings, in which crown thickening is still absent, pruning can be replaced by deflecting branches. For this, strong, well-developed shoots that do not participate in the formation of skeletal branches, but can be used as fruiting ones, are deflected from the vertical by 45-60º... This deviation slows down the growth of the tree and promotes the growth of fruit-bearing shoots on the branches. The most effective for enhancing fruiting is the deviation of skeletal branches of the first order at the age of two to four years. When deflecting branches, it is necessary to maintain their straightness. The most suitable time for this process is May-June.

To deflect the branches, various methods are used: they are attached to the trunk or the lower branch (Fig. 1, 2, 3), to a peg in the ground (Fig. 4) or to a cable stretched below (Fig. 5), and they also put a spacer between the branch and a trunk of a tree

Shelter trees for the winter

Duke cherries are characterized by good winter hardiness of the stem and average winter hardiness of fruit buds. Therefore, there are no special measures to prepare trees for the winter season.

Young trees of hybrids tend to give strong (80–120 cm) annual growths. Their upper part (30–40 cm) often does not mature, freezes in winter, and in spring it has to be removed. Experienced gardeners advise pinching the tops of the shoots in the summer when they reach 60–80 cm. This promotes the regrowth of the shoots in the second half of summer. The crown becomes thicker, summer shoots (especially if the summer is dry and hot) have time to mature well, become lignified and overwinter without noticeable frost damage. With a gradual decrease in air temperature, the crown of the Miracle Cherry can withstand winter frosts down to -30ºC. Thaws are more dangerous for her in the winter-spring period, followed by a decrease in temperature to minus 25ºC. This causes freezing of flower buds and leads to a decrease, and sometimes a complete lack of yield.

In order to avoid winter damage, at the end of July, the upper part of the still not lignified shoots should be bent in an arc towards better lighting and secured with twine. This operation will help the timely ripening of annual growths and apical buds, which, in turn, will increase the winter hardiness of the tree, in addition, the fruiting of the plant will accelerate and the size of the crown will decrease.

Preparing the ducts for winter, a number of works should be carried out in the garden:

  1. The space under the trees is cleared of weeds, damaged fruits and leaves. The soil needs to be dug up shallowly with fertilization.
  2. If necessary (if the autumn is dry), water-charging irrigation is carried out - 50-60 liters (5-6 buckets) of water under one tree. After watering, the soil is loosened and mulched with compost or peat in a layer up to 10 cm.
  3. The trunks of trees must be whitewashed with garden whitewash or a mixture of slaked lime and mullein. The height of the whitewash should reach the middle of the skeletal branches.
  4. The dyke stem is frost-resistant, so no shelter from frost is made. The stems and lower branches protect against damage by rodents. To do this, the barrel is carefully wrapped with a fine mesh. For young seedlings, burlap or agromaterial can be wound between the net and the trunk.

Autumn whitewashing of the duke cherry trunk helps to avoid frost cracks during sudden winter thaws and prevents pest larvae from wintering on the trunk

Dyke diseases and pests

Due to the combination of cherry and sweet cherry traits, the ducks are resistant to the main, most dangerous fungal diseases, and to the defeat of most of the insect pests. Breeding fungus-resistant dyke varieties is one of the most effective ways to solve the problem. Currently, modern varieties of this culture are known that have a fairly high resistance to fungal infections. However, under unfavorable climatic conditions (rainy, cold summers, winters with very severe frosts), insufficiently qualified care, or the choice of a cherry variety that is not suitable for a given region, in rare cases, dykes can be affected by fungal diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures to prevent these diseases.

Fungal diseases Miracle cherry

Dukes varieties are mostly resistant to such dangerous cherry diseases as moniliosis and coccomycosis. Occasionally, trees can be affected by clasterosporia (perforated spot), cytosporosis and anthracnose. But this is more the exception than the rule, and with good tree care and competent agricultural technology, these diseases can be avoided. However, there is a real threat of other diseases that the Miracle Cherry may be affected by.

Table: Miracle cherry diseases, their signs and treatment

Photo Gallery: Cherry Duke Fungal Diseases

In addition to the methods for the prevention of fungal diseases of the cherry-duke indicated in the table, there is a traditional treatment of fruit trees from diseases by spraying before and after flowering with a 2% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate.

Pest Insects Miracle Cherries

Of the many pests that infest fruit trees, Duke Miracle Cherry is susceptible only to cherry slimy sawfly, cherry fly and aphids.

Table: pests of cherry-duke and the fight against them

Photo Gallery: Cherry Insect Damage

Protective measures against cherry flies are as follows: digging up the soil in near-trunk circles by 15–20 cm in autumn and spring, full harvesting. Spraying with any permitted insecticide is mandatory: the first - 10–12 days after the fly leaves, the second - 10–12 days later.

Video: processing the Miracle cherry from the cherry fly

One of the measures to combat aphids is to combat ants. They carry aphids along fresh shoots, settle them there and feed on the sweet aphid secretions. There are a number of ways to get rid of ants in your garden. You can pour boiling water into the anthill or spray it with the Absolute insecticide. A good effect is also given by installing sticky trapping belts on the cherry trunk. Climbing up the trunk, the ants fall on the sticky surface and lose their ability to move. But in addition to the harm that ants cause by breeding aphids, they bring certain benefits, being garden attendants. In order not to disturb the ecological balance, you can try to simply move the anthill outside the site.

Video: ecological ways to combat aphids

In the event that these methods of controlling aphids are insufficient or its colonies are too numerous, radical measures are taken - spraying with insecticidal preparations. These include means of contact (instant) action, intestinal action and systemic drugs. Systemic insecticides are considered the most effective, they are distinguished by a long duration of action (from two weeks to one and a half to two months, because they penetrate into plant tissues gradually), as well as resistance to washout.

You can not use these funds during cherry blossom (this can lead to the destruction of pollinating insects) and later than a month before harvest.

The safest include biological insecticides - Fitoverm, Iskra-Bio, Aktarin. Their action is purposeful and affects only certain types of insect pests. Spraying with these preparations is used in the spring before and after flowering, as well as during fruit setting.

Video: processing cherries from aphids with chemicals

The very first processing of the ducks, in order to destroy the overwintered pests that have not yet woken up, is recommended to be carried out in late March-early April, before the start of sap flow. The treatment is carried out by spraying trees with a 7% solution of urea (carbamide) - 700 g per 10 liters of warm water. The second spraying is carried out in the green cone stage (beginning of bud break).

Spraying should be done only at a positive air temperature - at least ten degrees.

Collection, storage and use of the Miracle cherry harvest

The Chudo-cherry variety belongs to the early ripening, the fruits ripen in the second decade of June. The yield of the variety is quite high, 12-15 kg of tasty, sweet, juicy fruits are harvested from one tree. Like most dyuk varieties, Miracle Cherry is a versatile variety and is of interest both for fresh use and for processing. The fruits are subject to quick freezing, from which high-quality juices, preserves, jams, wines and liqueurs are made. The products of gardeners in the confectionery industry are also in demand.

Photo gallery: using the fruits of the Miracle cherry in cooking

For fruit crops, there are two degrees of maturity - removable and consumer:

  • at ripening maturity, the growth of fruits and the accumulation of organic substances are completed, they become suitable for transportation, technical processing or long-term storage, but have not yet acquired the taste characteristics completely characteristic of the variety;
  • consumer maturity occurs when the fruits acquire the color, aroma and best taste characteristic of the variety;

In cherry, removable and consumer maturity practically coincide.

For further transportation, cherries are harvested in 4–5 days, for technical processing - 2–3 days before the onset of full maturity, and for sale on site - in a state of consumer maturity.

For immediate consumption, the fruits are removed at full maturity, for canning - 3 ... 5 days, for transportation - 5 ... 7 days before the onset of full maturity. Cherries can be stored for 10 days from the date of harvest at a temperature of -0.5 ... 0 ° C and a relative humidity of 90%. Frozen cherries are stored for 9 to 12 months. For the production of dried fruits, varieties with a high content of dry substances in the fruits are selected.

The main representatives of the varieties of cherry-duke

In addition to the Chudo-Cherry variety, the duke family is represented by a fairly large variety of varieties. They have many common qualities, such as high winter hardiness, excellent taste characteristics of fruits, resistance to major diseases, large fruit size and good yield. The difference is that in some dukes only flower buds can be damaged during the winter cold, while in others also skeletal and overgrowing shoots. The varying degrees of frost resistance limits the regions where this crop is grown: in the northern regions, the ducks do not ripen and bear poor fruit.

Table: characteristics of the main varieties of duke cherries

Video: Presentation of Duke Cherry Varieties

Best pollinators for duke cherry varieties:

  1. Duke Nurse - Cherry Meeting, Podbelskaya; cherry varieties Large-fruited, Valery Chkalov.
  2. Duke Ivanovna - cherries Minx, Podbelskaya; cherry varieties Large-fruited, Franz Joseph.
  3. Duke Nadezhda - cherry Kent, Black large, Lada; cherry varieties Valery Chkalov, Large-fruited.
  4. Duke Griot Melitopol - cherries Waiting, Vstrecha, Podbelskaya and varieties of cherries Vinca and Valery Chkalov.
  5. Duke Toy - cherries Minx, Samsonovka and cherry varieties Valery Chkalov, Large-fruited, Franz Joseph.

Testimonials

Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of dykes, the characteristics of varieties and the peculiarities of caring for this crop, it is not difficult to choose the right pet for your garden. The main thing is that healthy trees give joy in spring - with the scent of flowers, and in summer - with luxurious fruits. Even a not very experienced gardener is able to grow such a delicious and beautiful Miracle on his backyard.

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My name is Valeria, and I am an electrical engineer by profession. But I really enjoy writing articles on various topics of interest to me: nature, pets, travel, cooking. Over time, it turned into a hobby.

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Cherry varieties miracle: description and characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, planting and care features with photos and reviews

Cherry miracle cherry

The original hybrid of a cherry tree with a cherry tree is called by modern gardeners the Miracle cherry or duke.

Lilia Taranenko, a famous Ukrainian breeder and agronomist, was engaged in its breeding, who managed to successfully combine the qualities of V. Chkalov's cherry and Griot cherry.

Let's take a closer look at what is unique about this unusual tree, and what efforts will be required to get a decent harvest?

Cherry Miracle cherry: characteristic of the variety

Cherry miracle reviews and description

Dukes are the results of crossing two or more plant species that are exactly reminiscent of the so-called progenitors in their structure. In this case, the crown is identical in shape with a tree-like common cherry, and the branching type is identical with a sweet cherry.

The "highlight" of the variety is the ability to lay flower buds already during the annual growth, which contributes to early fruiting. Large berries, which are collected in a brush of 5-8 pieces, can be massively harvested already in the third year of the tree's life. These fruits have an amazing cherry aroma, but at the same time they lack the characteristic sourness.

The shoots of the Miracle Cherry are smooth, straight and covered with dark brown bark.

The buds are visually similar to cherry buds, they are just as large and dense, and the flowering itself begins with the onset of stable warm weather (until mid-May).

In regions with colder climates, the first flowers may appear at the end of June. The harvest from cherries can reach 10 kg of berries, where the weight of one reaches 10 g.

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Miracle cherry managed to absorb the best characteristics from both parental lines - sweet cherry and juicy sour cherry.

This variety boasts excellent frost resistance and resistance to many diseases, unlike other plants in the family.

This is what contributes to the successful cultivation of cherries in regions where severe frosts are not uncommon, and outbreaks of diseases such as coccomycosis and moniliosis occur.

Features of planting and caring for the Miracle cherry

Cherry miracle planting reviews

Before squeezing the ducts, you need to pay special attention to the choice of the site. The trees develop well in northern places, protected from the wind and with sufficient illumination.

The material is planted in the wells prepared in advance, filled by two-thirds with a fertile mixture of organic and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

There should be a distance of about 5 meters between the plants, since too close proximity of trees affects not only their correct development, but also the quality of the crop.

When planting, it is necessary to place the root collar of the Miracle Cherry above the ground so that excessive deepening does not lead to the death of the plant. It is also important to form a seedling well, leaving about 0.6 m of the main shoot when pruning and shortening its lateral branches by a third.

In the first 5 years of growth and development, the ducks practically do not need any additional feeding.

You need to be especially careful with fertilizers containing nitrogen, because they often lead to active growth of the above-ground part of the crop, and this negatively affects yields.

In addition, due to insufficient tissue maturity, improper feeding often provokes the death of the Miracle cherry in winter.

As for watering, at the initial stage it is carried out at least once a week, and up to 20 liters of water must be poured under each new plant. After a couple of months, when the cherry gets stronger, watering can be reduced to once every two weeks.

Cherry Miracle reviews and secrets of an excellent harvest

Cherry miracle reviews and harvest photos

Dukes are always distinguished by excellent harvests, but, of course, in order to be guaranteed to collect several buckets of ripe fragrant fruits from the bush, you need to cut off young branches by a third every year, and cut off those that thicken the crown in a ring. It is also necessary to remove sick and old shoots on time, before the start of sap flow, since untimely pruning can be fraught with drying out of the entire plant.

The branches of the Wonder Cherry tend to extend upward, so it is important to ensure that they grow correctly. You can set the branches in a horizontal direction using special weights.

Miracle cherry is considered one of the best varieties in terms of taste. Following the advice of professionals, you can easily grow it on your site, and with proper care, after a few years you will be able to enjoy excellent fruits. Experienced gardeners leave only positive reviews and recommendations about this culture.


Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

  • good winter hardiness
  • high resistance to fungal diseases
  • early maturity (the first few fruits appear on a 2-year-old tree, active fruiting from 4 years old)
  • high (10-15 kg per tree) and regular yield
  • beautiful appearance and high taste of berries.

  • self-infertility
  • instability to severe frosts, especially flower buds.


Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

This hybrid has a number of advantages, thanks to which it was liked by many gardeners who encountered it:

  1. The tree begins to bear fruit very early and gives a fairly good harvest.
  2. Differs in high indicators of frost resistance.
  3. Resistant to diseases such as monilliosis and coccomycosis, which are a real thunderstorm for cherry trees.
  4. The berries are delicious and have a pleasant aroma.

At the same time, do not forget about the disadvantages of the Miracle Cherry. There are not so many of them, but still:

  1. It is not a self-fertile variety. This is a significant drawback, since an additional pollinator must be planted next to the duke.
  2. The tree grows very much, which requires constant crown formation.


Watch the video: Cherry Tree Growing Cherries Dwarf Cherry Trees 2019