Fenugreek from aromatic seeds….
Fenugreek is an annual plant in the legume family. It is a plant native to the Middle East and then it spread very widely around the Mediterranean to arrive in China and then in India where it is very widely used. In India fenugreek is called "Methi". Fenugreek seeds are also used in the composition of curry. Fenugreek is used in fresh leaves, cooked as a secondary vegetable (as an accompaniment to another). It can be used after drying the leaves, this time they will be used to season dishes, in moderation as the flavors are powerful. Most often, fenugreek is used in seeds. Their flavor is quite bitter. It is also advisable to grill it before cooking, which makes them lose their bitterness without completely depriving them. In many Indian dishes, they are powdered to use as a flavoring. Fenugreek is sometimes used to enhance the flavor of Indian breads "parathas" or "parathans".
• Foenum graecum
• Family : Fabaceae - fabaceae
• Cycle: Annual plant
• Hardiness: non-rustic
• Foliage : Obsolete
• Exposure : Sun
• Harbor : Upright stems
• Rooting: Fine roots
• Origin: Middle East, Asia, India
• Toxicity: no
Particularities and health advantage of Fenugreek:
• Health & nutrition: Fenugreek stimulates the appetite, it is hepato-protective, it is anabolic, anti-oxidant and has a preventive effect on certain cancers (colon, breast, etc.)
• Essential oil : –
• Vitamins: vitamins A, B1, C,
• Mineral salts : magnesium, calcium.
• Crop rotation: 3 years
• Toxic: No
• Honey plant: –
Advantage in the garden:
• Easy to grow.
Description of Fenugreek:
Fenugreek leaves are oval and green, they are made up of 3 leaflets, like clover, the plant can, on the other hand, reach 70 cm in height. Fenugreek produces pods that contain the seeds that give off a peculiar and recognizable odor.
• In organic farming, fenugreek can be used to enrich the soil.
What soil to grow fenugreek:
• Fresh, rich and drained soil. Fenugreek will grow better if the soil is calcareous.
• On the contrary, crops do not perform well in acidic soils.
When to sow fenugreek?
• In place : in the spring, from April - outside of frost periods.
How to sow it?
• Soak seeds in water for 1/2 day before sowing.
• Work the soil without turning it over.
• Amend it with seed soil.
• Flatten the surface, and sow clear.
• Cover with potting soil
• Tamp with a board or roller depending on the cultivated area.
• Keep the soil moist until emergence.
When to plant fenugreek:
• Any period, apart from the risk of frost, even if the plant is hardy.
How to plant Japanese basil:
• Work the soil without turning it over, to loosen it well.
• Amend it with compost to promote growth and add sand to make it more draining if necessary.
• Place the lovage plants 50 cm apart.
• Recap and tamp without damaging the roots.
• Keep the soil cool.
What exposure for fenugreek?
Harvest and conservation?
Harvest the fenugreek leaves:
• As needed, approximately 1.5 months after sowing (40 days)
Harvest the fenugreek seeds:
• 3 months after sowing, around July or August (180 days)
• Watering in case of drought. The soil should stay cool.
• One variety.
Fenugreek and good company in the vegetable garden
• A priori no enemy plants in the vegetable garden.
• Fenugreek is a low-consumption plant. And its cultivation can take place after another, as a second crop, for example after a cereal (this is more of information for farmers) but it can also take place after the harvest of peas or other early vegetables.
• Damping-off of seedlings.
• root rot.
• The plant can also be attacked by the leafhopper a small fly that feeds on the sap, or even the cereal bug.