Campanula: caring for graceful bells at home

Campanula: caring for graceful bells at home

The popularity of campanula among indoor flower lovers is growing rapidly. This is facilitated by its unpretentiousness, duration and abundance of flowering. In order for the campanula to feel good at home, the owner will need to devote a minimum of time to it. There are few rules for caring for a plant, but they are. It is worth reading them and following the recommendations, then the plant will thank you with bright bells.

What does campanula look like?

Campanula is a genus of herbaceous perennials belonging to the Campanulaceae family. At the moment, there are about three hundred of its representatives. Its name is translated from Latin as bell, and because of the characteristic shape of the flowers in common parlance, campanula is often called bells. There is also a more poetic nickname - shooting stars.

In nature, graceful bells often grow on seemingly bare rocks.

However, there is another version, according to which the bell is obliged to the campanule shape, and not vice versa. This church utensil was first made in the Italian province of Campania after Bishop Paulin noticed the pretty flowers that swayed in the wind and seemed to ring softly. By his order, flowers were cast from copper to reproduce their shape. According to the place of origin, the bells began to be called Campanula, that is, Campanian. Then this name was transferred to the plant.

Campanula flowers are modest, but very graceful and elegant.

Campanula is distributed mainly in Europe and Asia, some species are found in North America. Its habitat is the Mediterranean coast, the Caucasus, the foothills of the Alps, Central Asia, Siberia. Campanula has no particular preferences regarding the climate - it feels good on meadows, forests, steppes, and rocky plateaus.

Campanula, as if by nature itself, is intended for cultivation by the ampel method. Only a stem up to 15 cm in height can stand directly. But the shoots of the plant are long (about 0.5 m), thin, so they sink under the weight of the flowers. The latter resemble miniature (up to 5 cm long and 2–4 cm in diameter) five-petal bells, painted in different shades of blue, blue, lilac or white.

A cascade of star flowers looks very impressive, but even in a pot, Campanula bushes look very elegant

But turning the campanula into a vine, trying to let it go up the support, is not worth it. The plant is absolutely not adapted to this, and, most likely, it will simply die.

A pair of breeding hybrids, nicknamed the groom and the bride, are very popular among lovers of indoor plants. Alba has snow-white flowers, Mayi has lilac-blue. It is customary to give them to weddings. It is believed that these plants will provide newlyweds with family happiness, well-being and comfort in the house. And according to the old adage, a girl who grows campanula will certainly find true love, and the elderly - a calm serene old age.

Experienced flower growers note that when planting in one pot, the bride over time significantly squeezes the groom, so it is advisable to install a partition in the flowerpot in advance.

The flower is also appreciated by the adherents of the Feng Shui teachings. According to this philosophy, the plant creates a warm and cozy atmosphere in the house, improves the moral climate, contributes to the development of the owner's creative potential and literally attracts money and material wealth to him.

Campanula pleases the eye not only with flowers, but also with bright greens of salad color. Its leaves are heart-shaped, 3–7 cm long, on long petioles, arranged alternately on the stems. In some species, the edge is carved with small teeth. The buds are collected in loose corymbose inflorescences. Flowering lasts almost six months - from mid-spring to late autumn.

Campanula greens also look very nice, but still this is not the main advantage of the plant.

The undoubted plus of campanula is the almost complete lack of attention from pets. The plant is not poisonous, they probably just don't like the taste. There is no need to move Campanula away, fearing that the bushes will be eaten by cats.

Campanula is a European plant, which means it has good frost resistance, therefore it is widely used in landscape design, including in Russia

Video: the appearance of the plant

Home-cultivated plant species

Of the three hundred species of campanula, no more than a dozen are grown at home. More often, amateur flower growers acquire one of the breeding hybrids, terry or large-flowered. The most popular varieties:

  • Campanula isophylla. The length of the shoots is up to 30 cm. The leaves are rounded with a serrated edge. The diameter of the flowers is about 4 cm. The hybrids Alba and Mayi, the very same bride and groom, were bred on the basis of the equifolia Campanula.
  • Campanula Carpathian (carpática). The height and diameter of the bush is about 30 cm. The ovoid leaves are collected in a basal rosette. Flowers 4–5 cm in diameter are lilac-blue. The flowering period is rather short - three summer months.
  • Campanula Blauranke. Grows up to 20 cm in height. The flowers are pastel blue, 5–6 cm in diameter.
  • Campanula Pozharsky (poscharskyana). The leaves are in the form of an almost regular circle. Shoots are long, creeping. The flowers are small, 2–2.5 cm in diameter, bright purple. It tolerates cold and shade well.
  • Campanula Portenschlagiana. Height about 15 cm. Heart-shaped leaves, purple flowers. Blooms from May to September. It does not lose its decorative effect even during the dormant period - old shoots dry only in spring, when new shoots are already appearing.
  • Campanula garganica (garganica). Plant height - about 15 cm. Creeping stems. The flowers are sky blue, about 5 cm in diameter. It blooms all summer, even in partial shade.
  • Alpine campanula (alpestris). A miniature plant no more than 5-10 cm high. The flowers are bright blue. Abundant flowering, long lasting.
  • Campanula spoon-leaved (cochleariifolia). Height - 15–20 cm. Leaves are small (3–5 cm in length). The shade of the petals ranges from pure white to bright blue.
  • Terry campanula (gemina). Popular breeding hybrid. Parents - Carpathian campanula and spoon-fed. On one plant, double flowers of different shades bloom - from snow-white to inky purple. The carved leaves are arranged very tightly, literally clinging to the stems. The plant is quite picky in care, it reacts to any errors of the grower with a lack of flowering. There is also a series of miniature hybrids - Blue Bali, White Bali, Blue Wonder, White Wonder.

Home-grown campanula varieties - photo

In addition to the terry campanula, other breeding hybrids are also grown at home.

Photo gallery: achievements of breeders

How to create an optimal microclimate for a flower

Campanula is a European plant, so there is nothing difficult in creating an optimal microclimate for it. Most of all, it is demanding on lighting.

Table: optimal conditions for growing campanula

Campanula needs bright but diffused light

Campanula tends to turn towards the light source. Therefore, the bush turns out to be sloppy, skewed. Moreover, the loss of shape occurs very quickly. To avoid this, turn the pot in one direction (clockwise or counterclockwise) weekly. A sudden 180º turn will cause the plant to shed flowers and leaves. It is best to choose a place for the pot so that the light more or less evenly falls on it from both sides.

Campanula reaches for the light source, so the bushes noticeably tilt to one side

Transplant procedure and preparation for it

Campanula transplantation at home is rarely done. The fact is that the decorativeness of the plant retains a maximum of 2-3 years, then the flowering becomes much less abundant, the shoots are bare. Therefore, it is much easier to root cuttings or grow new specimens from seeds.

Nevertheless, a transplant may still be required, although it does not tolerate its flower very well. For example, it is needed if roots appear from the pot or the plant is sick. The best time for the procedure is early spring or mid-autumn (the period when flowering has not yet begun or has already ended). A campanula purchased in a store should be transplanted as soon as possible, a maximum of 2-3 days after purchase. The hydroponic fiber blend in which it is sold is not at all suitable for growing at home. In the process, shorten the shoots by about a third, cut off all flowers and buds.

The pot is chosen wide and shallow, increasing its diameter by 5-8 cm. The roots of the campanula are quickly mastering a new space. Too large and voluminous flowerpot is undesirable - the plant blooms profusely only if the roots are tightly entwined with an earthen ball.

The flower soil prefers light and loose, but at the same time nutritious. Such soil is good for air and water. A universal substrate for flowering indoor plants is quite suitable, but there are other options:

  • leaf land and peat chips (1: 1);
  • universal soil for indoor plants, peat, humus or rotted compost, coarse river sand (equally).

Campanula does not impose any special requirements on the soil - it will be quite satisfied with the standard soil for flowering indoor plants

There is nothing complicated in the transplant itself:

  1. Fill a quarter of the new pot with drainage. If the plant is very large, then a third. Cover the drain with fresh substrate, filling it in a container up to about half.
  2. Water the plant abundantly, remove it from the old container. If possible, try to keep the earthen ball intact.
  3. With a sharp, clean knife, cut off 3-5 mm of roots that have fallen into a solid pile at the bottom. Make several longitudinal cuts of the same depth on the sides.
  4. Place the campanula in a new pot, top up the substrate. Compact the soil slightly. Water the plant moderately.
  5. Remove transplanted specimens in partial shade, provide coolness (18–20 ° C). When the campanula starts to grow, return it to its original place.

Campanula is transplanted by the transshipment method

Proper plant care

Campanula is a rather unpretentious plant. Most of her requirements relate to watering, although she can do without much water for 12-14 days without much damage to herself.

Watering

The soil in the pot is moistened as soon as the topsoil dries out. In extreme heat, you may need to water daily or twice a day. After about half an hour after the procedure, be sure to drain the excess liquid from the sump.

Water is used only soft, room temperature. Hard can provoke wilting of the plant. Therefore, if it is not possible to water the campanula with thawed, rain or bottled water, filter, boil or defend tap water.

Fertilization

During the active growing season, campanula needs additional feeding every 10-12 days, since it spends a lot of energy on flowering. Any fertilizer is suitable for flowering indoor plants (Ideal, Rainbow, Pocon, Bona Forte, Agricola, Kemira-Lux). Water the flower with the solution prepared according to the instructions.

Campanula needs regular feeding - any remedy for flowering indoor plants will do

Video: important nuances of caring for campanula

Bush formation

To keep the plant decorative and neat, faded buds and dry leaves must be regularly removed. The same applies to shoots bald from below. Pinching will help to stimulate flowering - removal of the upper 2-3 leaves from the shoots in early spring. After 3-4 weeks, do the same with the emerging lateral shoots.

Pinching the tops of the shoots stimulates branching and the formation of more flower buds

Video: correct plant pruning

Dormant period

During the winter, Campanula is kept in a cool, bright room, reducing watering to a minimum (up to 2-3 times a month) and stopping feeding. This is a prerequisite for abundant flowering next year.

At the end of flowering, all shoots of campanula are shortened.

In preparation for the rest, all shoots are cut to a length of 10–12 cm. In the spring, you will need to remove all twigs that have dried up over the winter.

Before the beginning of the active growing season, the campanula looks something like this

Typical mistakes of an amateur florist

Campanula loses its decorative effect for several years - this is a natural process. But sometimes the appearance deteriorates in young plants as well. Often the florist himself is to blame for this, forgetting about caring for her or making unintentional mistakes.

Table: how campanula reacts to florist errors

Campanula leaves dry with insufficient air humidity or poor watering

Sometimes the owner is to blame for the fact that the campanula does not bloom and withers, trying to turn it into a vine. It is completely unnatural for this plant to stretch up the support, which it clearly signals.

The material on growing brovallia may also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/brovalliya-kak-vyrastit-nezhnoe-rastenie-cvetushhee-ves-god.html

Common diseases and pests: what to do to save a flower

Campanula, despite its general unpretentiousness, is quite often affected by pests that are not averse to feasting on delicate leaves. She also absolutely does not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the pot - rot quickly develops. Competent prevention will help reduce the risk of disease and the appearance of insects to a minimum:

  • keeping all newly acquired plants in quarantine for a month;
  • regular inspection of flowers and immediate isolation of all specimens showing suspicious symptoms;
  • placing indoor plants and bouquets (especially roses and chrysanthemums) as far apart as possible, ideally in different rooms;
  • daily airing of the room, spraying the leaves, wiping off dust from them;
  • implementation of recommendations for plant care, especially in terms of watering;
  • using only clean pots, disinfected soil and tools;
  • periodic (every 10-12 days) replacement of water for irrigation with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Table: diseases and pests affecting campanula

Photo gallery: diseases and pests that will have to be dealt with when growing campanula

Reproduction of campanula at home

At home, campanula often propagates vegetatively - by cuttings or dividing the bush. But no one forbids germinating seeds. As a rule, there are no problems with planting material.

Cuttings

The best time for grafting is mid-autumn. The planting material is obtained in the process of the next trimming. The best and fastest root is the lower part of the shoot with root buds (the so-called heel). It is enough to have 3-4 leaves on it.

Campanula stalk - the lower part of the plant shoot

  1. Place the bases of the cuttings in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin (5-7 ml per liter of water) for 25-30 minutes.
  2. Wait for the roots to appear by placing the planting material in the water. Dissolve a tablet of activated carbon and succinic acid (200 ml) in each container.
  3. Fill plastic cups with a 1: 1 mixture of peat and sand. Plant cuttings with roots, 2.5–3 cm deep.
  4. Create a greenhouse effect. Spray plantings abundantly, keeping the soil from drying out, and ventilate them daily. Maintain a constant temperature of 25–27 ° C and provide bright, diffused light.
  5. After 3-4 weeks, transplant the young campanula into adult soil. When they have added about 10 cm in length, pinch the tops of the shoots for more bushiness.

Campanula cuttings root easily and fairly quickly.

Dividing the bush

The division of the bush is carried out during the transplantation process. Most often, it is not possible to untangle the roots, therefore, the earthen lump is cut with a sharply sharpened disinfected knife into several approximately equal parts. The wounds are sprinkled with crushed chalk, colloidal sulfur, cinnamon. The new plants are then planted in separate pots and cared for as usual. They need to be watered immediately and abundantly, and fertilized no later than a week later. For the first month, especially carefully protect the plant from direct sunlight.

The division of the campanula bush is carried out simultaneously with the transplant

Germinating seeds

Seeds are sown in early spring. They retain their germination capacity for a long time, at least for a year. You need to handle them carefully - they are very small.

Campanula seeds can be easily purchased at any specialized store or grown independently.

  1. Fill flat containers with a 1: 1 mixture of leaf earth or peat chips and sand, moisten and level the substrate.
  2. Spread the seeds as evenly as possible over the soil surface. Sprinkle a little with fine sand (2–3 mm thick layer) and moisten again with a spray bottle.
  3. Cover the containers with glass or foil. As it dries, spray the soil with a weak solution of a root formation stimulator - potassium humate, Epin, Zircon (2-3 ml per liter of water).
  4. Open the greenhouse daily for ventilation, wash off the formed condensation. Maintain the temperature around 23-25 ​​° C, provide bottom heating and bright ambient light.
  5. Seedlings appear within 5-7 days. When three true leaves have formed, plant the campanula in small pots or plastic cups. Be careful in the process, the seedlings are very fragile. Further care is normal.

Under the right conditions, Campanula seeds germinate very quickly.

Video: how campanula reproduces

Florist reviews

Campanula is a modest but original and sophisticated plant that will adorn any interior. It is difficult to find a culture that blooms so long and abundantly at home. Provide the plant with the right temperature, abundant watering and bright light - and you will have not only beauty in your home, but also family happiness and prosperity.

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Campanula

Campanula flower is a herbaceous plant of the Bellflower family. The plant is quite ancient, and its original deposit is considered to be the Mediterranean. Campanula is considered to be a symbol of family happiness in the house. In modern times, bells are cultivated in Asia, Europe, the Caucasus, and even in parts of North America.

Campanula takes root well in a wide variety of areas (forest plantations, meadows, etc.). Rocky areas are no exception, as Campanula can be found even on the slopes of the Alpine Mountains.

Due to the shape of the inflorescence, the name of this beautiful flower is translated as "bell". The plant reaches no more than half a meter in height, and the color of campanula flowers varies from snow-white to purple. Usually, the light green shoots of campanula hang down under their own weight.


Campanula flower. Description, features, types and care of campanula

Description and features of the campanula

Campanula - a numerous genus of herbaceous plants, uniting more than 400 species. Literally "campanula" is translated from Latin as "bell". The origin of the name becomes apparent, it is worth taking a look at photo of campanula - the shape of the flowers speaks for itself.

The homeland of this delicate flower, so beloved by gardeners and fans of indoor plants, is the Mediterranean region. In the wild, these plants can be found in the territory of Western and Central Asia, in Siberia, in the Caucasus mountains, in some European countries, as well as in North America.

Campanula grows well both in steppe zones and in wooded areas, it is found in desert rocky areas and in alpine meadows.

Campanula is a creeping ampelous plant with small (maximum 50 cm) shoots on which light green neat leaves are located. The shape of the foliage depends on the type of bell; plants with carved edges of the leaves are often found.

Campanula flower has the shape of a bowl or bell, the color ranges from snow-white to deep purple. Inflorescences, like leaves, depend on the variety: there are racemose, paniculate and single flowers.

Planting and breeding campanula

At home, campanula propagates by seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush. The first method is the most time consuming, but the most exciting.

It is interesting to observe how seedlings appear, how quickly they grow, how then the first long-awaited buds of blooming appear. campanula. Seeds home bells are very small - about 5000 pieces in 1 gram.

They are sown in the spring in nutritious soil and lightly sprinkled with earth. Watering the sowing is not recommended, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle so as not to wash off small seeds.

It is much easier to propagate Campanula by cuttings. It is advisable to choose shoots closer to the base of the shoot, they give roots better and faster, their survival rate is an order of magnitude higher. Pinch off the top with buds.

It is better to immediately plant a freshly cut stalk in a special substrate of sand and peat, since rooting in water threatens with decay. To moisten the soil, as in the case of seeds, spraying is sufficient.

Dividing a bush is a simple and reliable way to reproduce home campanula... In the spring, when the plants are gaining strength and begin to grow actively, the adult bush is carefully removed from the pot and literally cut into an earthen ball entangled with small roots.

Each such piece is placed in a separate container so that the free space for root growth is no more than 1-1.5 cm.In this case, the earth around the edges will not turn sour and landing campanula a new pot will be less stressful for the plant.

There is another way of rooting room campanula... It is used less often than others by indoor plant lovers, however, with this method, the reproduction of the bell is quite successful.

A woody fragment is taken at the base of the stem, which has several internodes with already fallen leaves. It is laid parallel to the ground and lightly covered with soil. The container is placed in greenhouse conditions, and soon a young plant begins to develop from each internode.

For growing, wide, but not too tall pots are suitable. The bell is absolutely unpretentious to the composition of the soil, the universal one, which is sold in any flower shop or hypermarket (Obi, Auchan, Leroy Merlin), is quite suitable.

Campanula care

Keeping a campanula in an apartment or other premises does not constitute much of a hassle. The main criteria for good growth and development are regular watering and good lighting. That is why this flower is so popular.

It will become a decoration of any home, very often it is grown as an ampelous plant and placed in beautiful pots. Lush shoots with small succulent leaves, dotted with bowl-shaped flowers cannot but cause admiration even among people far from plant growing.

Campanula, leaving behind which, as it turned out, it is quite simple, nevertheless has its own preferences, ignoring which, the grower may have problems with its cultivation.

This plant loves abundant and frequent watering, so in the hot summer season, the bush needs to be watered a little, but 2 times a day in the morning and evening hours, and also periodically sprayed.

This type of bell does not tolerate permutations and turning of the pot. Any such manipulations have a detrimental effect on the appearance and well-being of the green pet.

To make the plant more lush and decorative, in the spring and at the beginning of autumn, almost all the shoots are cut off from it, leaving short cuttings no more than 12 cm long.Some will think that this can harm the plant, but no, on the contrary, this stimulates it to develop new strong branches with strong peduncles.

Campanula bell - light-loving and at the same time very delicate plant. Direct sunlight adversely affects both juicy greens and flowers. If the pot or planter is located on the south side, it is necessary to shade the bell if possible.

The lack of light also affects the health of the campanula: cuttings and branches are pulled out, the leaves are thinning and shrinking, the decorative attractive appearance is lost.

Like any other representatives of domestic flora, Campanula needs regular fertilization. For these purposes, an ordinary universal remedy is suitable, you will not have to choose a special composition, like orchids or succulents.

Kampanula flower species

Among such a variety of types of bells, only a few are grown at home. Among them, the most common are:

Since ancient times, the flower of Campanula was considered a wedding flower. It was presented to newlyweds as a symbol of a happy and long life together, full of love and prosperity.

Even in the Soviet period, the equal-leaved campanula was referred to as "the bride and groom", most flower growers did not know its scientific name. This kind campanula - perennial grass no more than 30-35 cm high.

The leaves are round in shape with a slightly carved edge and long cuttings. The foliage color is deep green. The whole bush in the warm season is covered with numerous bell flowers.

Campanula "groom" (Maya) is distinguished by the lilac-blue color of its cute bells. Campanula "bride" (Alba) - painted in her inherent color of innocence and purity - white.

Many plant these two plants in one container, then in the spring campanula "bride and groom" delight their owner with a variety of colors in white and lilac tones. This union looks very impressive.

Knowledgeable people divide the pot's capacity into several parts, because they believe that the “bride” is more tenacious and, over time, can oust the “groom”, filling the entire pot.

Terry campanula Is a hybrid variety derived from the Carpathian and spoon-leaved bell. The bush is distinguished by beautiful flexible branches with serrated leaves that densely cover the whole plant.

The flowers resemble small roses in shape, painted in different shades of white and purple tones. Many people note that the terry campanula is somewhat more capricious than its equal-leaved relative; it is quite difficult to get abundant and prolonged flowering from it.

For the Carpathian campanula, egg-like leaves are characteristic, grouped into a rosette near the roots. This perennial is quite compact and unpretentious, it does not grow more than 30 cm in height.This species campanula - garden, it is often used in landscape design when decorating flower beds and alpine slides.

Campanula Blauranca differs from its fellow bells in larger flowers and leaves, but it can reach only 20-25 cm in height. This variety is suitable both for growing in an apartment and for home gardens.

Buy Campanula if desired, it will not be difficult. These delicate romantic plants are sold both in flower shops and on the Internet. The price of a young specimen is approximately 350-400 rubles. There are also seeds on sale, one bag will cost about 100 rubles.

Nowadays, the popularity of this plant is gaining momentum, many people like the decorative qualities of the flower, many remember their childhood, when every self-respecting housewife, along with porcelain elephants and lace napkins, had two inseparable pots with white and lilac flowers on the windowsill.


Types and varieties popular in indoor floriculture

About 300 species of campanula have been described by biologists, but only a few of them are raised in captivity.

  1. Equivalent Campanula. This species is most commonly grown as a houseplant. The flower reaches a height of no more than 30 cm and has an ampelous shape. Its thin stems hang under the weight of the flowers, so it is recommended to keep it in hanging pots. In the spring and summer period, the bell is covered with numerous flowers. The most popular varieties are Mayia ("groom" with blue flowers) and Alba ("bride with white flowers"). The variety Napoli with large blue bells is very beautiful, the hybridizers created a bride for the groom - the Atlanta variety with similar white flowers.
  2. Campanula Pozharsky. Under natural conditions, the flower grows on limestone rocks in the Balkan Peninsula. A very spectacular plant forms a dense clump of heart-shaped leaf blades, the average height of which is 15–20 cm. Abundant flowering. The bells are star-shaped, painted in a light blue or plum shade. Hybridizers have bred a cultivar with snow-white flowers.
  3. Campanula Blauranca. The plant is one of the varieties of the Pozharsky campanula. A distinctive feature is large leaf blades and flowers in combination with a compact bush shape.

During its flowering, Blauranca attracts attention with flowers painted in a delicate light blue hue. This campanula is suitable for growing both in the apartment and in the garden.

Photo gallery: mini terry campanula, Pozharsky, Portenschlag, Carpathian (Carpathica), Napoli blue and other varieties

Equivalent Campanula is most often grown as a houseplant. Terry campanula flowers look like miniature roses The advantage of the Portenschlag bell is that it does not lose its decorative effect even after the end of the flowering period. Campanula Pozharsky is a very spectacular plant that forms a dense clump of heart-shaped leaf blades The Napoli variety has large flowers of a lilac hue.

Diseases and pests, control methods

Campanula is often infested with pests:

The fight against parasites must be started as soon as possible, otherwise the plant may die. Wash the flower under warm water. Pre-treat it with soapy water. Remove all affected areas.

In case of severe infections, insecticide treatment is necessary:

  • Fufanon
  • Mospilan
  • Vermitec
  • Inta-Vir.

In order to finally destroy the pests, it is required to carry out 2-3 treatments with an interval of 5-7 days. To prevent re-infection, it is better to treat all plants in the house with an insecticide.

When moisture stagnates in a pot, campanula is affected by gray and root rot. These are fungal lesions, as a result of which decay of the root system, and subsequently the entire plant, occurs. To combat rot, you first need to adjust the watering regime. Remove all damaged parts. Sprinkle the sections with chalk. Transplant the flower into a new pot, completely change the soil.

For 3-4 months, spray the bush with a solution of Fundazol or Bayleton, water the soil with a solution of Previkur or Alirin-B.

More useful information about watering, transplanting, breeding and other aspects of caring for the campanula can be found after watching the video:


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