The limnantes flower comes from North America, the name of the plant was coined by the Greeks (it means blooming in a damp ditch), and a funny and undoubtedly accurate comparison with scrambled eggs (due to the yellow center and white petals) came to the mind of the British. Florists and summer residents of Russia learned about Limnantes not so long ago, but they already managed to appreciate its high decorative effect and undemanding care.
What is a flower
Limnantes is an annual, representative of the limnanth family. Its main species is called Limnantes Douglas, after the famous Scottish plant hunter David Douglas, who enriched the European flora with two hundred hitherto unknown species and died in his next expedition at the age of 35.
The height of the plant is from 20 to 30 cm. The stems are erect, but they can also occupy a recumbent position, as they branch strongly. This allows the limnantes to act as a ground cover crop. Most of these plants are attractive for their beautiful foliage, while limnantes has flowers in the foreground. Small, 3 cm in diameter, they appear on the stems in such an amount that sometimes they completely cover the foliage. Moreover, each individual bush can occupy a conditional circle with a diameter of 45 square meters. cm.
The flowers have 5 petals each, exuding a sweet aroma that haunts butterflies and bees. The traditional color is like fried eggs, but there are varieties of exclusively yellow or white colors, less often - pink or in the form of a different shade of strokes. The first buds bloom in June, flowering ends in late autumn. Leaves are openwork-pinnate, light green. The seeds ripen in August. Limnantes is not afraid of lungs, up to -3 ° C, frost.
Despite the fact that in the name of the flower there is a clear indication of its adherence to moisture, it does not at all like to grow in swampy soil. In nature, limnantes is found in mountain valleys, where high humidity is typical for winter and early spring, however, the growing season of a flower always falls on dry months with rare rainfall, and these conditions are quite suitable for him. Therefore, it would be a mistake to allocate places for limnantes in the garden or summer cottage where the water stagnates for a long time.
Limnantes varieties with photos
This flower does not differ in great species diversity. In Russian specialized stores, Limnantes Douglas is usually represented by varieties: Limnantes Lucia and Limnantes Solnyshko. Both are of the classic egg color. Single inflorescences are formed in the leaf axils. Flowering continues throughout the summer.
Other rarer varieties include:
- Limnantes Nivea. In its natural environment, it is found in northern California, in the highlands. The flower has delicate white petals.
Nivea naturally grows in the coastal mountains of northern California.
- Limnantes Rosie. It occurs naturally in the California valleys. A characteristic feature of the flowers is pink veins on a white background of petals.
Limnantes Rosi tends to grow in wet meadows by streams
- Limnantes Sulfria. Prefers coastal areas near San Francisco. The petals of this rare variety are entirely yellow.
The second name of Limnantes Sulfria is meadow foam, pennik
- Limnantes Striata. In the wild, it is found in the Sierra Nevada, in wet meadows. The color contains yellow and white colors. A distinctive feature is a highly branched stem.
Limnantes Striata is considered endemic at home
- Limnantes Alba. A native of California, also found in Russia. In its natural environment, it prefers meadows, therefore it received the name of meadow penny. The flowers are white, the stems are up to 30 cm long. The plant is used to make cosmetic oils.
The properties of the Alba variety allow it to be used in the production of cosmetics
- Limnantes Macuni. Found in Canada, in the province of British Columbia, but so rare that it is included in the register of plants that are threatened with complete extinction.
Role in landscaping and uses
Limnantes are actively used by landscape designers to decorate suburban areas. Compact bushes, generously strewn with flowers, are irreplaceable on lawns, flower beds, near asphalt paths. The plant is suitable for alpine hills, rocky gardens, borders, where it usually has a place in the forefront of the composition.
Limnantes looks good in various containers - tubs, pots, original designs made of car tires or baskets. In hanging pots, pots and wide flowerpots, the plant is grown as an ampelous crop. Many options allow the designer to experiment, decorate not only the site with Limnantes, but also balconies, verandas, and terraces.
The plant is used both in single plantings and in the vicinity of other crops. On flower beds, the best partners are:
- dwarf phlox,
- large daisies,
Designers consider the combination of white and yellow limnantes with bright purple, blue, burgundy and red colors to be the most successful color scheme.
How to grow from seed: step by step instructions, tips, secrets
Like other annuals, limnantes are grown from seeds - they are sown in open ground (in flower beds, in outdoor flowerpots) or seedlings are preliminarily grown.
Growing from seeds
Most often, we sell the seeds of Limnantes Lucius, Solnyshko and without a specific name
If the first planting option is chosen, the soil is first prepared for the seeds. It is better if it is sod land or leafy soil combined with sand. To improve fertility, it will not harm the addition of humus immediately before sowing. The selected area is loosened and moistened. Then make holes 2 cm deep at a distance of 10-15 cm from one another. This will allow you to get a solid floral carpet in the future.
3 seeds are dipped into each hole, keeping in mind that not all of them will germinate - seed sellers do not give a 100% guarantee for this.
In the following days, the state of the plantings is monitored: for the seeds to sprout, the soil must not dry out. If done correctly, the sprouts will break out of the ground in 2 weeks.
As for the sowing dates, for the central regions of Russia this is the second half of May. But, since it is not necessary year after year, it is imperative to focus on temperature indicators: for the germination of limnantes, the soil must be warmed up to +10, + 15 ° С.
Those summer residents who decide to speed up the process by sowing seeds in April should take care of their protection. This can be, for example, several layers of spunbond or lutrasil, stretched over a flower bed. The shelter can not be removed even after the shoots appear, and watering can be done through it. It is important to wait until the warm weather becomes stable, then remove the protective material.
How and when to plant seedlings
Limnantes seedlings can be planted even before flowering.
The second option, with preliminary cultivation of seedlings from seeds, of course, will require additional efforts, but it will give a guaranteed result. Sowing seeds in late March-early April, you can get strong, viable, already with buds (!) Seedlings and plant them on flower beds in May by transshipment.
To avoid time-consuming and unsafe picking for young plants, it is desirable that each bush initially grows in a separate container (for example, in a plastic glass). Here's how to grow seedlings step by step:
- They take small individual containers and a deep pallet in which they can be placed.
- The containers are filled with fertile soil.
- 3 seeds are placed in each, deepening them by 1 mm.
- Water the soil with a solution containing growth stimulants Zircon or Epin (its temperature should be about + 20 ° C).
- The pallet is covered with a protective spunbond type material.
What is required for successful seed germination? A fairly warm room (the future plant does not withstand a temperature of -2 ° C), constantly moist, non-stagnant soil (therefore, it is more convenient to pour water into a tray). There is no need for lighting until the change has hatched. But when the sprouts appear, it is better to place the pallet on a light windowsill, and if the weather permits, take it outside to harden the plants.
Attention: sown seeds at home sprout faster than in the open field, almost 2 times - seedlings appear already on the 5th-7th days.
Limnantes has a secret that will delight summer residents. This plant reproduces well by self-seeding. Therefore, having worked hard on planting one spring, next year you can count on the flower to do the hard work for you - the flower beds and lawns will again be decorated with this pretty plant.
As for purchased seeds or collected by the gardener on their own, their shelf life is usually 3 years.
Tip: experienced florists in June re-sowing seeds, this lengthens the period of full, lush flowering to the very frost.
What kind of care does a plant need
Limnantes is a famous honey plant, so bees especially love him
Limnantes is not capricious: he is satisfied with almost any land (sandy, slightly alkaline, slightly acidic, heavy loam) and minimal maintenance. What can hinder growth and flowering? Lack of sunlight and problems with water (in this matter, a golden mean is needed - excessive dryness of the soil and excessive waterlogging are also destructive for the plant).
Here are some recommendations for care:
- if the plantings began to be shaded by overgrown shrubs and trees, their branches should be cut off;
- mulching (sawdust, straw), carried out shortly after planting the seedlings, will protect the roots from possible frost, and the limnantes itself - from weeds and dry soil;
- watering should be regular (especially in the heat), you can use a stationary water sprinkler;
- dried flowers should be removed - this will give the plantings a neat look and become an incentive for the appearance of new buds;
- the splendor of flowering is facilitated by the introduction of complex fertilizers 1 time per month.
As for pests and diseases, this is not the most serious problem for Limnantes, its immunity is strong. However, due to stagnant water, the bush can still be affected by the fungus. If this happens, alas, you will have to get rid of the victim so that the surrounding plants do not get sick, and treat with a fungicide.
Limnantes is able to satisfy the most demanding tastes: the abundance of buds of life-affirming flowers - sunny yellow and immaculate white - make the site attractive almost all summer. It is important that the plant's own energy is supported by competent care, regular human care of planting.
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How to grow Limnantes - scrambled eggs flower in a flower bed
Growing Limnantes from seeds is one of the main methods of plant propagation. In England, this flower is called "scrambled eggs" because of the color of the bud. And the Russians came up with another name - "meadow penny". When flowers bloom in the meadow, it seems that it looks like a vast yellow ocean with breakers of white foam.
- Description of Limnantes
- Types and varieties of limnantes
- Common varieties
- Rare varieties
- Seedling growing method
- Seed preparation
- Preparation of soil and containers
- Sowing scheme
- Seedling care
- Transplanting seedlings to the site
- Sowing seeds in open ground
- Care rules
- Pinching and feeding
- Protection against diseases and pests
- Limnantes in landscape design
Planting and caring for penstemon outdoors
Penstemon is distinguished by its photophilousness. That is why a sunny site is most suitable for growing it. Also, when choosing a place for planting, pay attention to the fact that this flower reacts extremely negatively to drafts. The soil should be well drained and lightweight.
Penstemon is propagated by seeds, while it is grown both through seedlings and in a seedless way. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in February. To do this, take a seedling box and fill it with nutritious soil. Sow the seeds, and they are buried quite a bit into the substrate. Water the crops using a spray bottle. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of calcined sand on top, and then re-moisten the crops. And on top, cover the box with glass (film). Transfer the seed container to a well-lit and warm place. The first seedlings should appear after half a month. Taking care of crops is quite simple: they need regular ventilation (once a day) and a temperature of at least 20 degrees, and also do not forget to moisten the substrate if necessary.
When the first true leaves appear at the seedlings, they should be cut into peat pots. The grown seedlings are planted in the garden in the last days of May, and the soil and drainage are prepared in advance. At the same time, remember that the sooner you plant the penstemon bushes in the garden, the later they will begin to bloom.
Water such a plant systematically. Pay special attention to watering if there is a prolonged dry period. But do not let the liquid stagnate in the ground. To do this, water the bushes only when the surface of the soil dries out. In order to avoid stagnation of liquid in the root system of the plant, when planting seedlings in open ground, do not forget to make a drainage layer of fine expanded clay or coarse sand at the bottom of each planting hole. And so that moisture does not evaporate from the ground too quickly, its surface around the bushes is mulched with a layer of dry peat or compost. Every time the plant is watered, remember to loosen the surface of the soil around it and remove the weeds.
The soil on the site should be fertile, loose, allow water and air to pass through well, and also have high acidity. To improve the quality of garden soil, it is combined with peat, fine gravel, compost or sand. And in order to achieve optimal acidity, when digging the soil, it is recommended to add charcoal to it.
In order for penstemon to always be effective and neat, it is recommended to transplant it regularly (once every 5 years). As a rule, the plant is transplanted in the spring. In this case, the transplantation procedure is combined with reproduction by dividing the bush. Remove the mature shrub from the soil and carefully divide it into several parts, while being careful not to injure the root system. Delenki are planted in a new area in pre-prepared holes, at the bottom of which a drainage layer must be made. Upon completion of the planting of the divisions, the soil surface is slightly compacted, and then they are watered. Cover the planting with a layer of mulch. After about four weeks, the cuttings will completely take root.
The first time the bushes are fed during their disembarkation in open ground. To do this, when digging the soil, compost is introduced into it. Also, plants are fed with organic matter, introducing it into the soil three times during the season.
Before the bushes bloom, they are fed with a complex mineral fertilizer, which contains a large amount of phosphorus. Thanks to this, the penstemon will bloom more magnificently and effectively.
Collection and storage of seeds
American forget-me-not blooms from early June to late September. The seeds ripen in capsules. Their shape and number depends on the selected plant variety.Collect boxes in warm weather. Raw ovules are not suitable for harvesting. For collection, the stalk is cut off along with the box. Leave to ripen in a dry place.
The box must be opened carefully: sometimes the seeds fly out abruptly. Then they are dried for 5-6 days in a warm room or in the sun. Dried raw materials are collected in paper bags or plastic bowls, stored in a dark place. The planting material must be mixed periodically.
Growing from seeds
Sod land or leafy soil in combination with sand is better for growing Limnantes.
For any gardener, Limnantes is the perfect crop for decorating a plot. An annual plant, it can be preserved in the garden even by self-sowing. There is no need to bother with seedlings (although the flower is grown in this way), it is enough to sow in mid-May, and seedlings will appear soon.
In addition, the flowers emit a strong pleasant aroma at any air temperature.
However, this does not mean that sowing crops and caring for seedlings can be ignored. Certain principles of agricultural technology still exist:
- it is necessary to wait for the average daily temperature to at least 10 ° С, in middle latitudes this is the beginning or middle of the last spring month
- it is advisable to choose a light place for planting, but not with dry or stony soil
- it is better to plant seeds to a depth of at least 2 cm, several seeds are placed in each hole, they do not have a very high germination capacity
- the distance between the holes is at least 10 cm, then you will get a solid yellow-white carpet, but the cups will not interfere with each other
- after planting, the soil should be constantly medium moisture
- depending on the air temperature, the first shoots appear in 1-2 weeks
- flowering begins 1.5 months after planting.
Sometimes, in extreme heat, the culture ceases to bloom in August. Some growers struggle with this simply: they produce additional sowing in mid-June. Then flowering will continue until late autumn.
If the plantings of limnantes began to be shaded by overgrown shrubs and trees, their branches should be cut
The culture needs regular watering, but not too abundant - the root system can begin to rot. Drying is also dangerous, the dried roots strongly age the plant.
It is better to apply a complex fertilizer, especially before flowering.
Withered flowers and overgrown stems need to be removed regularly so that the flower carpet in the flower bed does not lose its attractiveness.
The plant is very rarely susceptible to diseases, most often they are associated with rotting due to abundant watering.
Limnantes is likely to further expand its popularity in Russia, especially with the advent of drip irrigation, when soil moisture can be maintained constantly, even without the presence of a gardener. The squatness of the flower only emphasizes its beauty. And the ease of care attracts more and more admirers of this culture.