The roots of the wonderful variety Lydia go deep into history, which is loved by winegrowers from Moldova, Ukraine and the south of Russia for its stable yield and the beautiful appearance of vines and ripe bunches, for a kind of wonderful aroma of berries. And the wine, and jam, and juice from these grapes come out excellent. And Lydia appeared thanks to the resistance of her ancestor to diseases. But let's not get ahead of ourselves, let's talk about everything in order.
The savage who saved European grapes
With the discovery of America, many species of flora that grow there came to Europe. Among them was the wild grape Vitis labruska, which was of interest to breeders as a material for breeding new varieties.
Vitis labruska grapes brought from America
At the same time, previously unknown diseases of grapes - powdery mildew (powdery mildew) and phylloxera - also got to the Old World. As it turned out, they were not afraid of a wild plant, and cultivars began to die en masse. Breeders found a way out of this situation by inoculating European grapes, which are not resistant to diseases, to the wild root. The result was the emergence of varieties that are not only able to resist disease, but also have an interesting taste and aroma of berries. Soon, the newcomers became popular not only in Europe, but also reached the Black Sea region and the Transcaucasus. They began to be called isable by the name of the Isabella variety, which has the most pronounced new properties of grapes.... These include Tiras, Seibel, Rainor and others. This group includes Lydia.
Now she is called by different names - Lydia pink, red or pink Isabella. Although the latter is completely wrong. Isabella is a grape with dark purple berries; Lydia has dark pink with a lilac tint. Although both grapes are really similar to each other in many ways: the size and shape of the berries, their strawberry aroma, as well as the main direction of use are technical varieties, that is, they are mainly used for making juice, wine, at home - jams, although they are good fresh like table grapes.
Since 1999, in the European Union, and then in the United States, wines made using hybrid grapes have been banned. This is due to the presence in these varieties of a significant amount of pectins, which are converted into methinols during fermentation, which can cause irreparable harm to human health. In order not to risk it, it is better to eat the berry fresh or in the form of jam.
What is good about Lydia
The growth of the bushes in Lydia is above average. In the southern regions, where it hibernates without shelter, the vine can be used for vertical gardening. The shoots of this grape ripen well. During the growing season, the bushes of Lydia become very thickened, so they must be chased and pinned. This variety begins to bear fruit at the age of three years..
In the southern regions, where Lydia hibernates without shelter, it can be used for landscaping walls of houses, gazebos, arches
Lydia is a medium-ripening variety... Bunches of grapes are medium in size, loose, branched, in shape resembling a cone or cylinder. The berries are round, when ripe, their color is dark red, sweet, juicy. The firm skin is covered with a lilac waxy coating, and the slimy pulp has a scent reminiscent of strawberries. When ripe, the berries are weaker on the stalks, so timely harvesting will help preserve the harvest. This is especially important in areas with strong winds.
Lydia's resistance to low temperatures is much better than that of European varieties. It is so resistant to diseases with powdery mildew and mildew that it is possible not to treat it with drugs for fungal diseases, but it is imperative to spray it from phylloxera... Lydia copes better than other varieties with high soil moisture or salinity.
Lydia is a medium ripening grape, fruitful, good berry quality and frost resistant
What the numbers say about Lydia - table
Growing fragrant Lydia
It is better to plant a Lydia seedling in April or early May, so that the bush gets stronger and it is easier for him to survive the winter. You can plant grapes in autumn in October, the root system will not develop in winter, but will adapt to growing conditions.
Loamy, chernozem or sandy loam soil, the acidity of which is pH 6-7, is best suited for planting Lydia. Its temperature should be at least ten degrees, and the air should be fifteen. The groundwater at the grape planting site must be at a depth of at least one and a half meters.
The planting site of Lydia's seedling should be constantly illuminated by the sun, protected from drafts and winds.
The size of the hole and its filling for planting Lydia are the same as for other grape varieties: 70–75 cm depth and width, 15–20 cm of drainage, soil mixed with fertilizers. If the planting site has not been prepared in the fall, then in the spring the soil in the pit is allowed to settle, and the seedling is placed in it in a week.
In the future, for the normal growth and development of Lydia grapes, a number of agrotechnical measures are regularly performed. Weeding and loosening the soil within a radius of 0.5–0.6 m from the stem are required for grapes every week.
It is preferable to form a bush for Lydia grapes in a fan shape.
Vine formation in the first years after planting - table
Further, with an annual autumn formation, similar to the third year, fruitful links and additional arms are created. In addition to the formative autumn pruning, a similar procedure is also carried out in the spring, removing frozen shoots, at an air temperature of at least 5 ºС, and in the summer, cutting out stepchildren.
In addition to the formative autumn pruning, they also carry out a sanitary procedure in the spring, removing frozen shoots, and in the summer, removing stepchildren
Watering Lydia, pouring 12-15 liters of water per bush into grooves about 20 cm deep, dug along the diameter of the trunk circle:
- after spring pruning;
- after tying the vine to the trellis;
- with a shoot length of 25 cm;
- before flowering;
- after the end of flowering;
- when berries ripen;
- after harvest.
After each watering, the soil near the grape boles is loosened.
Lydia reacts very gratefully to fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Its berries ripen sweeter. The preparations are introduced in a dry form when digging up the soil or in the form of solutions during watering. It is important to feed the plant during the growing season when it needs it most.
Top dressing grapes - table
If it is necessary to create better conditions for grapes for growth and development, it can be transplanted in early spring by transferring (that is, moving it along with a clod of earth on the roots) into a new pit. It should be of such a size that the roots of the grapes will fit completely in it.
Stable yielding, winter-hardy and excellent resistance to many diseases of the grape variety Lydia is suitable for cultivation in the southern part of Russia. Subject to agricultural technology, it will delight the grower for a long time with tasty, aromatic and healthy berries, it will decorate the entire site and an excellent material for jam and any other processing.
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