Potato variety Limonka: description and nuances of planting

 Potato variety Limonka: description and nuances of planting

Yellow-fruited potato varieties came to our country from Poland and Germany, where they are popular. The bright color of the pulp is given by beta-carotene, a substance that is extremely useful for the human body. Boiled potatoes of bright yellow color are decorative, dishes made from them look appetizing. And their taste is usually excellent. Many vegetable growers want to purchase the seeds of the best yellow potato varieties for their plot - Limonka.

The history of the name. Feature, description of potatoes

Potatoes are popularly called lemon for the bright lemon-yellow color of the peel and pulp and the rounded shape that resembles this fruit. But there is no specific variety with such an official name. In the south of Russia, Vineta potatoes are considered Limonka; in the middle lane, Colette seed potatoes are sold under this name. Both of these varieties are bred in Germany and are considered one of the best for making chips there. Their properties are quite similar to have a common name.

Two varieties of potatoes united by one name Limonka

The Vineta potato variety was created 25 years ago on the basis of the genetic code of the famous yellow-fruited Adrette and repeats many of the properties of its predecessor. Distributed in arid regions.

The later Colette variety, entered in the state register in 2007, is similar in many respects to Vineta, but more demanding on humidity, grown in areas with cool and rainy summers.

Description of varieties Vineta and Colette (Limonka) - table

PropertiesVeneta - mid-early table varietyColette - early table variety
BushSpreadingErect
PeelYellow. Rough, with a fine mesh.Yellow, smooth.
Pulp colorYellow, does not change after heat treatment.Yellow, does not change after heat treatment.
TasteGood. Tasting score 4.3 points. When frying, the slices do not crumble. When cooking, the friability of the tuber is average.Good. Tasting score 4.5 points. When cooking, the friability of the tuber is average.
Starch content12 - 15%12,2–15,2%
Tuber shapeOval, rounded.Oval, rounded, elongated.
Tuber weight60 - 95 g65 - 130 g
Depth of eyesSurface 0.2 - 0.5 mmSmall, superficial 0.1 - 0.2 mm.
Coloring flowersThe flowers are white.The flowers are white.
Early maturity40-45 days from germination to maturation of the first tubers, 70-75 days before harvest.45 days from germination to maturation of the first tubers, 70 days before harvest.
Productivity from a bush10 - 12 tubers8 - 10 tubers
Drought toleranceHigh, mainly grown in dry regions with hot summers.Requires a sufficient level of humidity.
Keeping qualityThe tubers are resistant to damage, the safety of tubers is 90%, which favorably distinguishes this variety from other early varieties.The tubers are resistant to damage, the safety of tubers is 92%, which favorably distinguishes this variety from other early varieties.
Disease resistanceResistant to all viruses and bacterial diseases of potatoes, except phytophthora.Resistant to all viruses and bacterial diseases of potatoes, except phytophthora.
Pest resistanceResistant to potato golden nematode.Resistant to potato golden nematode.

When comparing the properties, the reason for the appearance of the name Limonka in two different varieties becomes clear. They are really similar. All the distinguishing features of these two varieties can be considered advantages. There are practically no drawbacks.

Colette's tubers are smooth, bright yellow like lemons

Planting and caring for potatoes

Preparing the soil for planting

Limonka does not need special techniques, different from the cultivation of other varieties.

The soil for planting potatoes is prepared in early autumn. This crop can be planted in one place for many years. There are several techniques, depending on the condition of the soil in the area allocated for potatoes:

  1. If potatoes are planted on virgin soil, the grass is first mowed down and laid out in a thick layer in place of future potato beds. One condition, the received hay should not be with seeds. During the winter, under a thick layer of such mulch, the remnants of grass and roots should be rotted. In the spring, the grass left over after winter is collected from the soil with a rake. Wood ash is scattered over the surface at the rate of 1 liter per 1 m2... The site is dug up on a half bayonet of shovels, weed roots are removed.
  2. The developed area, after harvesting, is cleared of the remains of tops and grass, which is raked and burned. Spread humus or compost over the surface at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 m2, furnace ash 1 liter per 1 m2, loosen with a cultivator or dig up shallowly, on a half bayonet of a shovel. In autumn, it is permissible to add fresh manure and bird droppings to the soil before loosening. The entire area of ​​the site is sown with white mustard or rye. In the spring, they pass again with a cultivator or a shovel, embedding the remains of green manure in the soil. If the area of ​​potatoes is small, it can be processed with a flat cutter, without digging.

Soil cultivation in spring after sowing rye with Fokin's flat cutter

Preparing seed tubers for planting

Tubers selected for planting should be of medium size. Before planting, large potatoes are cut into several parts, making sure that the number of eyes on each is equal. To disinfect the planting material, a month before planting, potatoes are soaked in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate with the addition of 1 tablespoon of copper sulfate to a bucket of solution. It is better if the water for soaking is warm, about 40aboutC. After 15 minutes, the potatoes are removed from the solution and washed with cold water. Dried tubers are laid out in a cool place in the light for germination. After 20 days, small shoots appear in the place of the eyes. 10 days before planting, the tubers are transferred to boxes, sandwiched with wet newspapers and placed in a dark, warm place for sprouting roots.

The most favorable time for planting potatoes is late April - early May, when buds begin to bloom on the birch. Soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm should not be lower than 8aboutFROM.

Tubers Lemons with sprouts ready for planting

Layout of beds and planting

  • On the prepared soil, with the help of pegs and twine, they mark the beds, drawing furrows. The distance between them is 60 - 70 cm. The ridges are marked in the direction from south to north.
  • Wells for potatoes are made along the furrow at a distance of 35 cm.
  • Sprouted potatoes are placed in the holes, sprouts up.
  • They are covered with earth flush with the soil level.
  • The aisles are mulched with hay or cut grass.

The planting depth of tubers depends on the climate of the planting region. The hotter and drier the climate, the deeper the potatoes are planted. In areas with cool and humid summers, the tubers are laid out directly along the furrow and the soil is shoveled on them from both sides of the rows, forming ridges.

Video

Nuances of care

Plant care consists in hilling, loosening, mulching the row spacings.

Potatoes are spud two or three times per season.

  1. With the threat of recurrent frosts after the appearance of the first shoots. The plants are covered with soil from the aisles together with mulch. The freed aisles are again mulched with a thick layer of cut grass.
  2. Two weeks after the first, repeating the mulching of the row spacings.
  3. Two weeks after the second.

Due to the differences in the structure of the bush, potatoes of the Vineta and Colette varieties are spud differently. The spreading Vinete bush is laid out even more to the sides, filling the center of the bush with mulch. The erect bush of Colette is covered with soil evenly on both sides. The hilling method will be prompted by the bush itself.

Watering and feeding Limonka potatoes, with proper soil preparation and timely mulching, is not required.

Harvesting bush of early potatoes Limonka

Diseases and pests characteristic of the Limonka variety

Diseases of the potato variety Limonka

Both varieties, popularly called Limonka, are resistant to potato diseases, except for late blight. But potatoes are weakly affected by them due to early maturity. Phytophthora is activated in the second half of August. By this time, Limonka, as a rule, has already been removed.

Pests characteristic of potato varieties Limonka - table

PestDamageProtection
Colorado beetleThe beetle and its larvae feed on young potato tops, eating greens to the ground. They are especially active in hot weather.
  • Collect beetles and larvae by hand during the hot season.
  • If there are a lot of pests, spray with Fitoverm or Sonnet, Aktara, Bitoxibacillin.
  • Plant potatoes at the earliest possible date so that before the mass release of beetles, the plants have time to get stronger.
WirewormClicker beetle larva. Light brown worm, tough as wire. Gnaws holes in potatoes, making the tuber unusable. It reproduces in the roots of wheatgrass and is harmful by gnawing the tubers, making long, narrow channels in them. Potatoes lose their presentation, are stored worse.
  • Use white mustard as green manure.
  • Treat with the drug Nemabact
MedvedkaAn insect that resembles cancer. Lives in the soil, breaks through passages in search of food, gnaws all plants that come across in its path. In potatoes, it damages stems, roots and tubers.
  • Scare off the pest with drugs or plants with a strong odor
  • Arrange traps from manure, in which the bear builds nests. From time to time, loosen them and destroy the gathered insects.
Vole miceThey can chew on most of the potato crop in the field and during storage.
  • Install rodent repellents near the beds.
  • Planting beans on potatoes, mice cannot stand the smell of their roots.
  • Place mousetraps in places of the greatest population of rodents.
Potato mothA small butterfly laying eggs at the base of the plant stem. Caterpillars penetrate tubers and stems. They eat out long passages filled with excrement.Treat young plants with actara or other systemic insecticides immediately after germination.
May beetle larvaThick white larva. Lives deep in the soil, feeding on surrounding plants. Deals great damage, eating holes in tubers and gnawing at the stems of a potato bush.
  • Continuously mulch the soil so that the adult May beetle is not able to lay eggs in the soil.
  • Treat the soil with Nemabakt in case of severe larval infestation.
Caterpillars - scoopsThick brown caterpillars living in the soil damage potato tops and tubers.
  • Thoroughly destroy all weeds that serve as food for young caterpillars;
  • Treat the culture with a solution of lepidocide, 2-3 grams of the substance in 1 liter of water.

Potato pests Limonka - photo gallery

Collection and storage of potatoes Limonka

Potatoes Lemongrass ripens early, in the first half of August. Before harvesting, the tops are mowed in a week. Tubers are taken for seeds immediately during harvesting, laying potatoes the size of a chicken egg from the most productive bushes. After harvesting, the harvested potatoes should lie in a dry, dark place for at least 10 days to strengthen the peel and dry the tubers. At the end of this period, the roots are stored.

If a bunch of dried mint is placed in the middle of a pile of potatoes stored in the basement, the tubers will not sprout for a long time. Peppermint acts as a sleeping pill on the eyes and they do not germinate.

Seed potatoes, on the other hand, are laid out in the sun after harvesting for landscaping. The more the fruit turns green, the better its safety. Seed potatoes are stored in the same way as those harvested for food.

Young potatoes straight from the garden are especially tasty

Reviews of vegetable growers

Vegetable growers celebrate all the advantages of Limonka potatoes. And taste, and color, and shape of tubers. And unpretentiousness, productivity and resistance to diseases and pests put this variety among the first in demand.


Riviera potatoes: variety description, reviews

Every person who has his own piece of land must plant potatoes. But the harvest and taste of tubers are not always happy. Therefore, gardeners are looking for new varieties so that they satisfy all needs. A description of the variety, photos and reviews of Riviera potatoes will help determine the culture.

  1. Variety history
  2. Characteristics of the Riviera potato variety
  3. Taste qualities
  4. Pros and cons of the early Riviera potato variety
  5. Planting and caring for early Riviera potatoes
  6. Selection and preparation of the landing site
  7. Preparation of planting material
  8. Landing rules
  9. Watering and feeding
  10. Loosening and weeding
  11. Hilling
  12. Reproduction
  13. Diseases and pests
  14. Riviera potato yield
  15. Storage
  16. Reviews of Riviera potatoes
  17. Conclusion

Picasso variety - late-ripening table potatoes. Its main feature is its high yield and original appearance.

Shoots of the Picasso variety are of medium height, dark green in color. The leaves are large, spreading with a corrugated edge. Buds are white, small with yellow pistils, 5 to 12 flowers per bush. The tops are powerful, dense and spreading. Flowering is fast.

The tubers have an original color, which is the reason for such a picturesque name of the variety. Picasso potatoes are yellow with pink large eyes, which go shallowly into the root crop.

The combination of two colors - pink and yellow - was characteristic of many works of the famous cubist artist Pablo Picasso.

The pulp is light yellow. Starch content 8-13%. The shape of the potato is oval, large.


Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of growing and disadvantages of the Lyubava variety are shown in the table:

  • early harvest
  • simultaneous ripening of tubers
  • high yield
  • presentation of tubers
  • good taste.
  • low resistance to late blight of foliage
  • high susceptibility to golden nematode.

Potatoes prefer medium to light soil. The culture grows well on sandy and sandy loam soils, in loam and black soil. In clay soil, tubers develop slowly and are prone to rot.

The best precursors for potatoes are beets, cabbage, cucumbers, green manure. Planting a crop after tomatoes, peppers, potatoes and eggplants is not recommended.

The tubers are planted in April or May, depending on the weather conditions in the region. The soil should warm up well to a depth of 10 cm. For planting, select healthy tubers weighing about 80 g, without traces of rotting and damage.

1.5 months before the start of work, Lyubava potatoes are kept in a bright place to stimulate the emergence of sprouts. When the sprouts reach a length of 1 cm, it's time to start planting. Immediately before planting, root crops are treated with Epin or another growth stimulant.

The tubers of the Lyubava variety are planted in holes or furrows. If the soil is heavy, the roots are deepened by 4-5 cm.The depth of planting in light soil is 10 cm. 30 cm are left between the tubers, the rows are placed every 70 cm.

Before emergence, planting care consists in loosening the soil. So the tubers will receive more oxygen, which is necessary for the active growth of the root system. In the course of loosening, weeds are weeded. The procedure is best done after watering or precipitation.

When the first buds appear, intensive watering of the potatoes begins. Moisture is added as the topsoil dries out. It is necessary to constantly keep the soil moist.

2-3 liters of warm, settled water are added under each bush. Lyubava potatoes are watered in the evening, when there is no direct exposure to the sun. After watering, the soil is loosened between the rows.

Hilling and feeding

Due to hilling, Lyubava potatoes form stolons on which tubers develop. The soil supports the shoots and prevents them from falling apart. When hilling, the soil is raked from the row-spacing onto potato bushes. For manual processing, a pitchfork is used; to simplify hilling, a special technique is used.

Hilling is performed twice per season:

  • with a bush height of 15 cm
  • 2-3 weeks after the first treatment, before flowering.

Regular feeding ensures a high yield of the Lyubava variety. Processing is carried out 2-3 times per season, taking into account the condition of the bushes.

The procedure for feeding potatoes Lyubava:

  • when forming tops
  • during budding
  • 3 weeks before harvest.

The first feeding is necessary when potatoes develop slowly. The need to fertilize is indicated by the thin stems and pale green leaves of the plants. For irrigation, prepare a solution enriched with nitrogen. It is best to use natural ingredients: bird droppings or manure.

For the second treatment of the Lyubava variety, a complex fertilizer is prepared containing 15 g of potassium sulfate and 30 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. The bushes are watered with a solution under the root. Processing stimulates the formation of tubers, improves their taste and keeping quality.

Fertilizing with phosphorus and potassium is repeated after flowering before harvesting. An alternative way of feeding is the use of any complex fertilizer for vegetables.


Mid-early and mid-season varieties

These varieties are more popular among gardeners. They have good taste. They can be stored for a long time. They give a large number of tubers.

The best varieties with an average ripening period

Agatha

Low plant. The potato is yellow on the outside and inside. Tubers are large - on average 120 g. From one bush, you can collect up to 15 pieces The amount of starch is 13% on average.

Productivity - 25 t / ha. Resistant to many diseases: late blight, cancer, fusarium.

Fun

Ukrainian variety. Possesses good taste. Tall. Potatoes weighing up to 120 g. Pink outside, white inside. Starch content - 14%.

High-yielding - up to 40 t / ha. Can be transported over long distances.

Irbit

A variety of Russian selection. Productivity - 25 - 40 t / ha. Not picky about the ground. Drought tolerant. Resistant to late blight, cancer, nematode.

Lileya

Belarusian variety. Large tubers - up to 200 g. Up to 15 pieces under one bush. Contains up to 17.5% starch. The color is straw. Under favorable conditions, up to 40 t / ha can be harvested.

Was bred by Belarusian breeders. High-yielding - 60 t / ha. Medium-sized. Tuber weight - up to 120 g. Color - yellow. The flowers are purple. The average amount of starch is 14%.

This variety of potatoes can not only be fried, but even frozen.

Sineglazka

Not picky about leaving. Store well. The tuber is white inside, gray outside. High-yielding - 50 t / ha. The starch content is 15%. Resistant to nematode, scab, cancer.

Aurora

Tall. Productivity - 21 - 38 t / ha. The tubers are brown. Inside they are cream colored. On average, one plant forms 13 pcs. The weight of one is up to 130 g.

The average starch content is 15%. Possesses excellent gastronomic qualities.

Manifesto

Belarusian variety. Medium-sized. The flowers are lilac. The tuber is pink. The pulp is amber. The mass of one potato reaches up to 145 g.

The average starch content is 13%. Productivity - 16.5 - 34 tons / year. Can be stored for up to 6 months. Not crumbly.


A brief history of breeding

Potato Limonka was created in Holland by AGRICO U.A... An application for its registration in the Russian Register of Varieties and Hybrids was filed in 1992. In 1995, he was admitted to mass cultivation. Regions of admission - Central (Bryansk, Moscow, Ryazan regions, etc.) and Central Chernozem (Voronezh, Kursk, Belgorod regions, etc.).

Despite the fact that among the Russian originators there are two companies from the Leningrad Region, the variety was not allowed to grow in the North-West region. This means that in the Leningrad region Limonka is considered a non-zoned variety, and therefore is grown by the manufacturer at his own peril and risk.


In Search of the Face of Agriculture: The Peruvian Potato Harvest

At first glance, my assignment was simple. Take pictures of the world's farmers. National Geographic has led an eight-month series of articles on the vexing problem of feeding nine billion people when the population peaks in 2050.

My photo editor Dennis Dimik set out to show us the people who feed the planet. Face to face. Let's look them in the eye and see who they are. Get to know them, get to know them as real people, not just visual symbols of agricultural jargon. Farmers, especially in Third World countries, are often portrayed as objects, ubiquitous and featureless, with no personal stories. Feed for statistics and spreadsheets.

Estela Condor photographed in the high Andes of Peru

So I came face to face with Estela Condor on the side of a mountain in the Andes, picking potatoes. She looked into my lens and her right eye lit up. It was the fire that created the picture.

Or was it her serious face, stoic on the one hand, tired on the other? Or her Peruvian outfit, or the way she held the potatoes and eyes in her lap? Or were they the jagged Andes behind her, the return road sweeping across the frame like lightning, or clouds sliding over the peaks and whispering down into the valley?

Photographers live in these moments, when the world comes together, and the light streams into our souls, and the desired image is in front of us. And I waited for this moment in front of Estela for two years, time spent on research and planning. The photo seems so simple and straightforward after being taken. I suffered so much before.

Pressing the shutter button is easy. Finding Estelas in the world is the hard part.

This is the story of finding such people and such moments.

It just so happens that this is also the story of people who could provide an opportunity to feed nine billion people by 2050. This is true.

Sitting in my office in Kansas, my job was to find 30 or 40 Estelas around the world and put myself in front of them at the right time, in the midst of harvesting, crops, or when the fields looked lush and lush. green. On several continents. By the end of October. I was sweating blood.

Researching and planning such photographic lighting for history National Geographic always presents a big puzzle. This one was even worse, complicated by the global scale of finding farmers around the world cultivating their fields, harvesting, tending livestock, and designed for perfection: when they harvest rice in Bali, wheat in South Dakota, peanuts in Mali or cabbage in Ukraine?

I started with potatoes. My salvation came from another Peruvian woman: Maria Elena Lanatta, CIP Public Relations Officer, International Potato Center in Lima, Peru. She knows potato farmers. As soon as I found her, she soon found farmers harvesting near Paucartambo, and a guide, Alejandra Arce, who knew them personally.

Neither Maria nor her agricultural research colleagues have ever received the credit they deserve, but photographers like me live and die by their grace.

Farming is difficult to photograph; it is a big deal, arguably the largest on the planet, but not an action genre. The global agribusiness lacks personal contact. We decided to look them in the eye. Alejandra took me there. When she pushed me (oxygen-starved and panting) up the mountain above Bella Vista, I met Uva Kallupe. Elegant, kind and beautiful Uva is a farmer. (In truth, most of the world's farmers may well be women.)

Senora Fausta "Uva" Callupe

Her potato fields are the size of a decent American living room. Most Americans tend to think agriculture is easy. Not for Alas. In this small field, she grows 50 to 70 varieties of potatoes, for a change she plants the fields at three different heights, each field for seven years. (Or sometimes fifteen.) On a good year, she collects 20 sacks of potatoes from each sack she plants, hoping to save ten 70 kg sacks for her family of four, or about £ 1,500 a year. Rows and a pattern of a trench (called a chiwi) are dug by hand with a traditional Tacla hoe and processed four times before harvest, hoping the potatoes can be sold for cash. For lunch in the fields, they gather around the traditional Pachamanca, where potatoes and meat are cooked on hot stones covered with mother earth.

I am telling you all this because the specific story Alas is so similar to the story of any other farmer I have met around the world. They are always confusing and never simple, always bad weather, always irritable and fickle, and they are always told by smart farmers who try to get smarter every year. We tend to think that rural farmers are ordinary people living simple lives. Don't be fooled.

Next stop is the rice paddies of Bangladesh.

With the help of the Advisory Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and many other agricultural agencies and experts, Jim Richardson was able to find farmers around the world for The Faces of Farmers, a series of portraits that appeared in the May 2014 Edition. part of a special eight-month series National Geographic "The future of food".


Watch the video: THE ULTIMATE POTATO GROWING GUIDE -- TIPS u0026 TRICKS