Hello dear friends - summer residents, gardeners and gardeners!
The last decade of February has come, and today I will sow petunia seeds for seedlings in two classic ways. I grow petunia both outdoors and in balcony boxes on the veranda. Usually I sow these flowers during February, but it is not too late to sow them in March: although the petunia will bloom a little later, it will delight you until the frost.
I planned to sow two varieties: in one pack I have 50 ordinary red petunia seeds, and in the second - only 10 coated Nana seeds.
Sowing coated seeds
Cooking seedling containers
I will sow the pelleted petunia seeds in small 100 ml disposable cups - one seed in each container. Then I will put the cups of crops in a transparent container with a lid, which will simultaneously serve as a tray for collecting excess water and a greenhouse.
The problem is that only 8 glasses are placed in the container, and I have 10 pelleted seeds. In order for the container to hold the required number of containers with seeds, I will cut off the upper rim from the cups with scissors. It is also necessary to make several drain holes in the bottom of each of them.
Soil for petunia
As a substrate for petunia seedlings, I will use ready-made seedling soil from the garden pavilion. When choosing a soil, carefully read its characteristics on the package: properties such as moisture capacity, looseness and acidity level are of great importance for the growth and development of petunia seedlings, which ideally should be in the range of 5.5-6 pH.
After filling the cups, I level the surface of the soil and lightly compact it with a spoon so that small petunia seeds do not end up at a depth: the petunia must be sown over the surface. Now I will put all 10 glasses into a container - after cutting the hard top edge, they fit easily into it - and spill the soil into them with warm, settled water.
We sow pelleted petunia seeds
For sowing pelleted petunia seeds, it is very convenient to use a toothpick or wooden canapé skewer. I dip the end of a toothpick in water, then I hook the seed with it and transfer it to the surface of the soil in the very center of the glass. Thus, I lay out 10 seeds in 10 cups, slightly pressing each seed, but so that it still remains on the surface. After sowing, I spray the seeds with a spray bottle so that their shells get wet faster and moisture penetrates the seeds.
Covering the container with a transparent lid, I create a greenhouse environment for the seeds in which they will sprout faster. Now you need to stick a piece of masking tape with the name of the petunia variety and the sowing date on the container. When the seedlings grow up and their roots fill the entire space of the glass, I plan to transfer the seedlings into a larger bowl.
Sowing regular petunia seeds
Now I will sow red petunia in a different way, which is also classic. I fill a small transparent container with a lid with the same seedling soil, but not to the very top. I level and compact the surface of the soil with a spoon, and then using a wooden plank I make 4 grooved grooves at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. I spill each groove with warm, settled water.
I divided the seeds into 4 parts according to the number of grooves and put them on separate sheets of paper. Now I scatter the seeds from each leaf evenly along the groove. After sowing the petunias, I spray the seeds with water from a spray bottle, cover the container with a lid and stick a piece of masking tape on it with the name of the variety and the date of sowing. When the seedlings of petunias in this container grow a little, I will open the petunias in separate cups.
Petunia crop care
Both containers with crops must be placed in a bright place, where the temperature will be kept within 23-28 ⁰C. In my house, the best place for keeping crops is a window sill, above which a bicolor lamp is installed for additional additional illumination of seedlings, and under the window sill there is a radiator.
Since petunia seeds germinate better in the light, on cloudy days and in the evenings I will turn on the lamp, thus lengthening the short daylight hours for the seedlings at this time of year. It is also necessary to keep the soil surface moist at all times.
This is how I sowed petunia for seedlings today in two ways: coated seeds - one in a glass, and ordinary seeds - in bulk in grooves. I wish you all friendly shoots, rich harvests and colorful flower beds.
Video of sowing petunias for seedlings
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How to grow petunia from seeds at home: sowing seedlings, care, transplanting into open ground
Petunia is one of the most popular flowers among gardeners. Low-growing ornamental plants bloom for a long time and abundantly and look harmoniously as a frame and decoration of a flower garden.
Adult plants are easy to care for. But seedlings require patience and painstaking care, so many gardeners prefer to buy them in nurseries and markets. However, such planting material is expensive and does not always turn out to be healthy and of high quality. It is much safer and cheaper to grow seedlings yourself from seeds. This is the most difficult stage of plant cultivation, but knowing the basic principles and nuances, even a beginner can handle it. Read on for how to plant and when to plant seeds.
The timing of planting petunias for seedlings
At the end of winter, summer residents and flower growers begin to enjoy pleasant chores in connection with the imminent opening of the summer cottage season. Many of them start growing seedlings. But flower growers who want to grow petunias in their home are interested - when exactly, in what month to plant the seeds of the plant for seedlings? Seeds are sown in February, March, April. But there are some nuances.
First of all, you need to pay attention to the information indicated on the package. The manufacturer has already taken care and identified the optimal time for the procedure.
Also, in different regions, the procedure is carried out at different times: in Siberia, in the Urals, in the Leningrad region - approximately in the second half of March and the first half of April, in the South (Krasnodar Territory) - at the beginning of February, in the Middle Lane - approximately in mid-February.
Fertilizers for seedlings
For crops with a long period of development from sowing to flowering (heliotrope, petunias, lobelia and most garden crops) it is good to add a long acting granular fertilizer. In this case, there is no need to feed seedlings.
The exception is alpine plants, most of them are accustomed to poor soils with a low nitrogen content. The soil mixture for Alpine seedlings is formed from equal shares of coarse sand, loam and peat or purchased land. In such a substrate, seedlings grow compact. You can add long-lasting fertilizers for conifers, which contain almost no nitrogen, but are rich in potassium and phosphorus, which mountain residents need.
If you harvest sand, loam and humus yourself, then you need to ensure that they are free of weed seeds and earthworms.
Stage 3. Preparing seeds for sowing
Before you start actually sowing petunias for seedlings, you should take care of choosing the right soil and suitable containers, as well as the location of the future "kindergarten".
First, prepare shallow (about 10 cm) wooden or plastic boxes. Disinfect them with any antiseptic (Biotex, Antizhuk, Ecobio, Biosept), and put an additional piece of paper on the bottom of the wooden containers.
Then, having placed a little expanded clay on the bottom of the boxes to prevent rotting of the seedlings, fill the containers with prepared sifted soil 2/3 of the height.
The soil for seedlings of petunias can be different, here are some possible options:
- ready-made potting mix purchased from a specialist store
- a mixture of fertile soil and hydrogel (previously soaked in a suitable fertilizer) in a 1: 1 ratio
- a mixture of humus, turf, low-lying peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1.
What varieties to choose for planting
And at the end, a few words about the varieties of Petunia. There are so many of them that it is sometimes difficult to choose the right one. At the beginning of the article, it was talked about the varieties of petunias. When choosing a variety, first of all, you should still proceed from these varieties. After all, they play an important role when choosing a growing place.
In addition, it must be borne in mind that petunia, although it is both an annual and a perennial plant, is grown mainly as an annual crop.
Many-flowered and large-flowered varieties are also distinguished. Multi-flowered petunias have small flowers, up to 5 cm in diameter. But they have a very rich color and are well suited for growing in flower beds. Varieties of multi-flowered petunias are not very susceptible to adverse weather conditions.
Large-flowered varieties are grown mainly in hanging pots. Flowers are large in size from 10 cm in diameter and above. However, they are more susceptible to unfavorable weather conditions.
So, what varieties are the most popular with flower growers. Here I have selected several varieties from different categories.
Shrub variety. Has large double flowers. The plant is up to 35 cm high and 30 cm wide. The flower can reach 10-13 cm in diameter. It blooms early, resistant to changes in weather conditions. Seeds are sown in the last decade of February - early March. Used to decorate flower beds, borders, for planting in balcony boxes, hanging pots, vases.
The height of the bush reaches 25 cm. The plant, unlike the previous one, has many small flowers. Flowering takes place from July to September. Used for both balcony boxes and flower beds.
If sown at the end of February, the plant will bloom earlier. Requires fertile soil, rich in nutrients and does not tolerate excessive watering.
This variety is richly flowering and strong. Shoots are up to a meter long. During the flowering period, they are completely covered with flowers. The color is varied: pink, orange, violet, purple.
Among other bush petunias, one can distinguish such varieties as milliflora, a species with miniature flowers 2-4 cm in diameter, multiflora, a low-growing variety with flowers of a small diameter 5-7 cm and grandiflora, which includes varieties with large flowers.
Among the cascading petunias, it is worth highlighting such as Cherry, Ramblin, Typhoon and Rose.
The shoots of this variety may be different. So in the middle of the bush, the shoots are up to 35 cm long, and the lateral ones can be up to 1 meter long. The size of the flowers is from 5 to 8 cm, they differ in color: they can be white, salmon, pink, blue, lavender, red, peach and even purple. Grown in flower beds and pots. When grown in flower beds, they are cut off, as a result, the shape of the bush turns out to be similar to a ball, a hat or a cascade.
It is an ampelous variety from the Opera Supreme series, bred in Japan. Large bushes have a spherical shape with shoots about a meter long. The size of the flowers is 5-6 cm, they have the most varied color. Plants are planted in pots.
A unique way of sowing petunias: fast germination plus hardening
Many gardeners buy petunias in pots in spring and simply plant them in a flower bed. Meanwhile, it is not difficult to grow it from seeds at home. True, the seeds are too small, and at least 3 months should pass from the moment of germination to planting in open ground, otherwise everything is simple.
There is a unique and extremely simple way, using which you can get friendly seedlings in a week. Then it remains only to open up and find enough space on the windowsill, and the room temperature is just optimal for petunia seedlings.
For sowing seeds, we use 2 trays, one of which has additional holes at the bottom, and the other does not. Due to the fact that the trays are inserted into one another, we get a drainage effect. Fill the tray with half of the soil, level it, and then evenly distribute the seeds over the surface. The soil should not be dry or wet.
We put snow on top of the seeds. This stress is good for the seeds. Thanks to stratification, they will receive hardening, and germination will improve.
Close the tray filled to the top with snow with a lid and place it in the light. The optimum temperature is 23-25 C.
You can do differently with seeds of one variety. Sow them on top of the snow, not under it. In any case, the snow will gradually melt and slightly pull the seeds into the ground. Excessive deepening is excluded.
Petunias have many varieties, so germination may not be the same. In any case, the result can be admired in a week.
More details regarding this method of planting petunias in the video below: