The life of any rose is short-lived, whether it grows in a flower bed or stands in a vase of water, but sometimes, having received a particularly gorgeous bouquet from a person dear to our hearts, we are ready to do anything to make the flowers last longer!
Several ways to extend the life of a bouquet of roses
According to florists, these regal plants are quite capable of maintaining their beauty for two to three weeks, or even a whole month with proper care. In order to keep flowers in a vase for as long as possible, there are many quite effective methods, thanks to which you can admire the delicate charm of fresh flowers for at least a few days longer.
And with a strong desire, you can even try to root a rose from a bouquet, so that later you can plant it in your flower garden. If the flowers have not been preserved with chemicals to preserve their presentation, soon their cuttings will give roots, and you will have a new wonderful specimen.
Video about caring for cut roses
So, having received a wonderful rose or a whole bouquet as a gift, you thought: how to keep it longer? After all, I really don't want to send such beauty to the trash can in a few days! First of all, remember that you do not need to immediately remove the flowers from the gift wrapping.... A special microclimate is created inside the package, which helps the plants adapt to new conditions, so it is better to leave the bouquet packed for at least a few hours and only then unfold it, if you do not like the type of gift wrapping.
You should not immediately put flowers in a vase, first they need to be "given a drink" by dropping them for three hours in a bath of water at room temperature. In this case, the stems with leaves should be completely under water, and the flowers and buds - outside, otherwise they can rot from the ingress of water (just in case, wrap them with paper). Having a deep bucket at home will greatly facilitate the task.
You should not immediately put flowers in a vase, first they need to be "drunk" by dropping them for three hours in a bath of water at room temperature
To extend the life of roses:
- during the "soldering" of flowers right in the bath under water, cut the stems by a couple of centimeters at an oblique angle and flatten the ends a little - so air jams will come out of the capillaries in the stems, and the roses will absorb water better;
- remove the leaves that will be under water in the vase;
- peel the lower part of the flower stems (four centimeters) from the bark;
- it is advisable to choose a vase of such a height that two-thirds of the length of the stems are hidden under water;
- in ceramic vases, water stays fresh longer, since its walls do not allow light to pass through;
- you can pour tap water into a vase, settled or boiled - the chlorine contained in it will not harm the plants, but, on the contrary, will prevent the reproduction of putrefactive bacteria;
- the water temperature in summer can be cool, and warm water should be used in winter;
- you can additionally disinfect the water in the vase with an aspirin tablet, charcoal, a glass of vodka, a pinch of citric acid or some silver product (do not accidentally pour it with water!);
- add sugar to the water to replenish the carbohydrate reserves of the flowers - 20 grams will be enough per liter of water;
- change the water at least once every two days, re-adding sugar and bactericidal agents, while the stems must be rinsed with running water and the sections must be renewed, and the vase must be thoroughly washed with soap;
- keep a vase with a bouquet away from sunlight and drafts, in a cool place;
- do not place flowers near fruits, as the ethylene secreted by fruits has a detrimental effect on them;
- Spray the plants daily with a spray bottle, being careful not to hit the center of the buds.
Flowers with fully open, down-turned leaves are not worth buying - they will wither very soon
If you know for sure that the roses from the bouquet have been treated with chemicals, you can safely drop dishwashing detergent or bleach into the vase - such chemicals will no longer harm the flowers.
Thanks to the tricks listed above, you will be able to significantly extend the life of flowers, but sooner or later they will still begin to fade. You can make them stand in the vase for a few more days with a drop of ammonia added to the water, or lower the flowers in boiling water for five minutes, and then put them in cold water..
Another, more troublesome option: transfer the roses to a bathtub filled with cool water at night so that the flowers do not get wet. But this procedure will have to be done every night, as the plants will get used to the "water regime" and will feel uncomfortable in the vase.
If you buy flowers yourself, be sure to pay attention to the degree of their freshness: the leaves that border the flower heads are tightly adjacent to the buds. Flowers with fully open, down-turned leaves are not worth buying - they will wither very soon.
It is advisable to choose a vase of such a height that two-thirds of the length of the stems are hidden under water
Storage guidelines for cut flowers
Growing gorgeous roses in a flower garden, you most likely cut them into bouquets from time to time to decorate rooms in an apartment. In this case, you will need not only tips on how to save cut flowers, but also recommendations on the cut itself, because this largely depends on how long they will stand in a vase.
Here are the basic rules for pruning:
- it is better to choose stems with buds that have already acquired a characteristic color and are about to bloom;
- in densely doubled varieties, stems with "loose" buds are recommended for cutting, when the lower petals have already begun to open - very dense buds in a vase may not bloom, but simply wither;
- do not cut more than three stems from one bush;
- try not to crush or deform the ends of the stem when cutting, otherwise the moisture-conducting vessels will be damaged;
- flowers should be cut with a pruner or a sharp knife;
- the best time for cutting is early morning or late evening, when the plants contain the maximum supply of moisture and nutrients;
- cloudy weather is good for cutting, but you should not cut roses during the rain, since the petals quickly deteriorate from moisture that gets on them.
Cut flowers should be immediately brought into a cool room, and if you intend to present them to someone as a gift, put them in the refrigerator for a while, so they will retain their freshness longer.... Keeping roses in a warm place speeds up the metabolism in plants, and they wilt much faster.
Otherwise, in order for cut home flowers in a vase to last longer, they need to be looked after in the same way as for store ones.
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We want the bouquet presented or cut on its site to retain brightness and fragrance for a long time. And how annoying it is when the flowers begin to wither quickly, lose their splendor and beauty. First you need to understand the reasons in order to then properly contain the cut flowers.
Reasons for the loss of freshness of plants in a vase:
- In cut bouquets, nutrients no longer come from the stem, and the outflow of waste substances stops.
- Almost everything is put in cold water, but it should be in warm water.
- Flowers cut not at the time of full blooming cost less.
- If the water does not change for a long time, then bacteria accumulate in it, which accelerate wilting.
- A bouquet in direct sunlight will die faster.
- Intensive evaporation of moisture occurs, so the plants dry quickly.
- We lay without water for a long time.
- Improper care of cut plants also leads to early wilting.
How to keep a bouquet of flowers in a vase longer: general rules
In order to keep the bouquet in the vase longer, you just need to follow some simple rules, prepare flowers, a vase, and water. All manipulations with the bouquet must be done after it has been brought from the frost, it will lie down a little in the warmth and get warm.
Do I need to remove the packaging
I didn't think that I would write about this, because I believed that the packaging was intended solely for transportation and in order to beautifully present the bouquet. Pleasure and pleasure should be delivered by themselves, fresh flowers, not paper.
But florists advise not to remove the packaging, because this way the microclimate in the bouquet is better preserved and it lasts longer.
The first step is to remove all excess leaves, and not only damaged ones. It is necessary to clear from the lower leaves that part of the stem that will be immersed in water. Otherwise, the leaves in the water will rot, the water will acquire an unpleasant odor, and bacteria will multiply, flow along the stem to the buds, and the flowers will quickly wither.
Next, you need to trim the stem to the height of the vase. This should be done under running water. Be sure to use a sharp knife and never break off the stem or use scissors.
The cut must be carried out at an angle of 40-45 degrees and immediately place the flower in the water.
Which vase to choose
When choosing a vase, pay attention that it does not overshadow the beauty of your bouquet.
The vase should be spacious so that the stems of the flowers are not pressed too tightly against each other.
And of course, it must be clean, washed with baking soda.
To make the flowers in a bouquet look beautiful, place them in a vase so that the flowers look not inside the bouquet, but outward, and the stems do not intersect or get confused.
What water to put
Bouquets with flowers must be placed in settled water at room temperature, while the flowers are warming up from the frost, pour water into the vase, it will also warm up, and all the harmfulness will settle to the bottom. In general, it is preferable to take boiled water.
There are exceptions when flowers are better preserved in cold water, these are: tulips, snowdrops, viols, irises.
Where to put
Fresh flowers do not like window sills and direct sunlight, drafts and cigarette smoke, as well as the proximity to vegetables and fruits, which can accelerate the wilting due to the released ethylene.
At the same time, they feel better in a bright, cool room away from heating appliances.
Many flowers are capricious and selfish, preferring loneliness to the neighborhood with other flowers. And this circumstance must also be taken into account, to know with whom they are friends and with whom they are not.
So, roses and carnations, placed in one vase, die very quickly. Tulips are allergic to the sweet scent of daffodils. Violets and lilacs do not like lilies of the valley.
But a twig of thuja can prolong the life of any flowers, and it will add charm to the composition.
How to keep a bouquet fresh longer
You can extend the life of bouquets by adding different substances to the water, which are divided into two groups.
The nourishment of the flowers will be provided by a sugar cube.
And to prevent decay, agents that suppress the growth of bacteria are used:
- vinegar (table or apple cider)
- calcium chloride
- Activated carbon.
I usually put a tablespoon of sugar and a teaspoon of vinegar.
Naturally, to keep the bouquet in the vase longer, you need to change the water every two to three days, if necessary, every day. At the same time, do not forget to wash and disinfect the vase, rinse and cut the stem, remove wilted buds and leaves.
It is also useful to spray the buds with water, which will refresh their appearance.
The above rules are suitable, in principle, for all colors, but there are some peculiarities of preserving certain species.
Resuscitation of withering chrysanthemums
How to keep cut chrysanthemums in a vase longer, if you don't want to part with a bouquet reminiscent of festive moments. In this case, you can arrange "shock therapy" for the cut flowers, revive them by taking the following measures:
- Submerge the bouquet in a basin or bath of ice water.
- After a few minutes, dip the stems in hot water.
- Trim off the rotten ends of the stems.
- Once again "redeem" the cut in cold water.
- Put the bouquet in a vase with settled water at room temperature.
The peculiarity of chrysanthemum bouquets is that they are often cut when they are already fully blooming. For this reason, the residence time of fresh chrysanthemums in water is much shorter than, for example, the same roses or tulips.
In order for chrysanthemums to stand in a vase longer, you need to know how to choose the right place for a bouquet. It is necessary to take into account the following nuances: "queens of autumn" do not tolerate drafts well and do not like close proximity to fruits. In addition, they do not like the presence of other flowers in the same vase with them.
How to revive wilted roses
So, we have already discussed how to keep flowers in a vase for the longest time. However, what should you do if the flowers began to show the first signs of wilting? Did you notice that the buds tilted their heads, the leaves began to fall off or turn yellow?
Rapid wilting occurs primarily due to the fact that moisture is lost due to the evaporation of water. This process begins from the moment the flower was torn from the bush. In general, the process of wilting is reversible, however, up to a certain point, after which no resuscitation measures will allow them to increase their lifespan.
If the flowers have just begun to fade, then you need to hold them for some time in cool water, at least two or three hours, but better for 12-14 hours, and peel them of thorns. After this procedure, the drooping rose heads should rise. If this does not happen, then you can slightly scrape off the skin above the cut level by 5-7 centimeters, and then scorch the cut over the fire. Moreover, each bud should be wrapped with cellophane wrap. Thus, you imitate a kind of home greenhouse.
If the above method does not help, you will have to apply drastic resuscitation measures. What can you do to make roses stand longer if you notice the beginning of wilting of flowers?
It is necessary to update the cuts and put the flowers in hot water. Pour boiling water into a bowl and place the bouquet there.
Cover with a plastic bag. After 5 minutes, the water should be changed to regular water and a number of additives and manipulations should be used that can extend life for another couple of days: renew the cut of the stems, remove the wilting foliage, pour new water and determine the flower arrangement in its original place.
You can also extend the life of roses that have begun to fade with the help of saltpeter. For one liter of water, 1 teaspoon of this product is needed. In some cases, ammonia also helps, in the same ratio.
The right neighborhood for roses. Roses are flowers that cannot stand any competitors, so it is best to leave the bouquet alone. In a bouquet, this flower will not be able to get along with any other flowers. Therefore, if you were presented with a combined bouquet, it will be better if the roses are placed in a separate vase.
Rose conservation rules
Before placing the rose in a vase of water, remove the leaves that will touch the water. This procedure allows the water in the vase not to deteriorate for a long time, and the rose will stand for a long time.
The stems of the rose should be cut at an angle of 45 degrees. Even if you were presented with a rose with the correct cut, you still need to repeat this procedure at home, before placing the rose in the vase. Whatever air gets inside the stem, the rose must be cut under water. This will ensure long-term preservation of the rose in the vase.
It will also be good for the flower if you carefully split the cut stem into fibers for better moisture absorption. If the stem of the rose is cut straight, terrible things will happen. And it will be so that the plant buries itself in the bottom of the vase with water, and the nutrient liquid will not flow into the trunk of the plant and nourish the rose. This means that the flower will quickly fade and cease to delight you with its beauty.
Pour standing water for the rose.The water should settle for 2-4 days, this is done in order for the chlorine to come out. In the summer, you need to pour cool water into the vase, and in the winter, the water should be at room temperature. For long-term preservation of the rose of its original appearance, nutrients must be added to the water intended for this flower. Sugar at the rate of 20 - 30 grams per liter and vinegar at the rate of a tablespoon per liter of water.
If you want the rose to stand in a vase for a long time, the water must be prepared. The simplest thing to do is to put one aspirin in the flower water. The salicylic acid contained in aspirin will prevent the water from deteriorating for a long time, which means that the rose will feel great in fresh water. You can also use vodka, alum or borax instead of aspirin.
Choose a place where the rose vase will be located. The place should be cool, without drafts. A cut rose does not like direct sunlight.
How to choose a vase for roses
Vases for roses or cannes are chosen of any shape with a container height of 2/3 of the stem length. It is better to use such vessels:
- ceramic coated with waterproof glaze
- crystal or glass
- made of high-quality plastic of any shade.
Metal containers are not suitable for storage for a long time. Even in stainless steel vessels, tissue decomposition occurs due to the contact of iron and liquid.
It is not recommended to place a bouquet of 5-7 flowers in a small vase with a narrow neck. Plant respiration is hampered when the stems are pressed against each other. Fresh air does not enter the container and the water deteriorates. It is best to keep flowers loose.
When choosing a gift for a loved one, they look at the state of the flower. Morning cut roses last longer. Plants are saturated with moisture overnight, looking vigorous, resilient and fresh. Do not buy roses with open buds or when they are pulled together with an elastic band. No emergency measures to revive such flowers will help. They will fade in 2-3 days.
There are situations when you need to overexpose plants without water. Then the whole roses are wrapped in damp paper, placed in a plastic bag with holes and placed in the refrigerator, as when storing lily or gladioli bulbs for the winter. So a beautiful bouquet is able to keep fresh for up to 3 days.