When doing gardening, many people think about how to start growing new and unusual plants... These include white strawberries. How to start growing this unusual berry will be described in detail in the description below.
What is white strawberry and its features
White strawberries are a hybrid obtained by crossing Chilean and Virginian strawberries... Such a plant grows on different continents, so over time, strawberries with an unusual color appeared. In the process of evolution of such a berry, the gene responsible for the red pigment was lost. With this, the ability of berries to cause allergies in people whose bodies cannot tolerate this pigment disappeared.
Berries of white strawberries are much smaller than that of red ones, except for the White Swede variety, which is sometimes even larger. Still unripe fruits have the same light green color as in red-fruited garden strawberries, and when ripe they acquire a slightly pinkish tint.
Varieties White Swan and Yellow Miracle have a yellowish tinge due to the many yellow seeds. The taste of white strawberries is very unusual - with notes of pineapple, strawberry, mulberry and wild honey. The berries themselves are very sweet, sometimes with sourness. In cultivation, they are unpretentious and grow in small bushes, not taking up much space on the site. They are not stored for long, so they do not go on sale - this is perhaps the only drawback.
Most popular varieties
A popular type of white strawberry is the Pineberry or pineapple strawberry imported from Holland. Small berries (1.5 - 2.5 g) with red seeds and pineapple flavor... Garden strawberries are low-yielding, but unpretentious and resistant to various diseases.
The variety was brought from France. Anablanca is a rare variety because it appeared relatively recently. In terms of properties and growing methods, it is similar to the previous species. The pulp is tender, pinkish due to long exposure to the sun... The variety is high-yielding, compact and, like Pineberry, is not susceptible to diseases.
White Swan and White Lotus
These varieties are imported from Japan. They reach a height of 15-20 cm, remontant... Berries of the White Swan variety, with the taste of linden honey, are weighing 2.5 - 4 g. The White Lotus strawberry is smaller and more oblong, the taste is dessert.
Refers to large-fruited varieties. Berries reach a mass of 25 g and more... They are cone-shaped with a sweet and sour flavor of pineapple, mulberry and wild strawberry. Bushes are squat and spreading. This variety is resistant to pests and droughts, not afraid of cold weather.
How and where does white strawberry grow?
White-fruited garden strawberries practically do not differ from ordinary ones, so they can be grown both in the garden and in the greenhouse. Small berry varieties can also be grown in containers. It is possible to plant in a non-sunny area, do not require abundant watering... If there is an excess of water, the berries will become watery, but retain their sweet, rich taste.
It is impossible to plant white strawberries with seeds, only a mustache.
To propagate the plant, you need to root the mustache in plastic containers, and then separate it from the bush.
White garden strawberries love warmth, so it is advisable to grow in greenhouses, but you can also grow outdoors. But on the site, this berry can not take root well in every place. A good place would be where the corn or legumes grew... If you previously grew cucumbers, tomatoes or potatoes, then the soil is not suitable for strawberries.
Before planting seedlings, it is necessary to remove all unnecessary dirt, weeds, rhizomes. Having dug up the ground 30-35 cm deep, it is necessary to saturate the soil with mineral fertilizers: nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. We prepare the holes 10-15 cm, pour a little water and place the seedlings with straightened rhizomes. Leave a distance of 20-25 cm between the bushes for their growth.
Is it necessary and how to properly cut the berry
Once a year, it is imperative to prune the bushes. Old leaves and whiskers take a lot of energy from the plant and therefore the yield of the bush decreases... This procedure can be carried out both in spring and autumn.
The best option would be to cover your garden strawberries for the winter. In this case, you should trim the bushes in the fall and be sure to remove the mustache. The mustache can also be removed as needed. During the summer, it is mainly the lower leaves of the bush that give all their strength, so they should be removed, carefully cutting off the lower leaves without damaging the upper ones, which already have buds for the next season.
After removing the whiskers and leaves, pests and infections will not get on the strawberries. If there was no pruning in the fall, you must certainly do this in the spring.... It is necessary to remove the yellowed old and diseased leaves.
Part of the care is feeding, which is divided into several stages:
- The first feeding is done at planting.... When peduncles appear, you need to make organic feeding with the addition of ash to it.
- When blooming the plant also needs feeding, at this time energy, water and microelements are expended for a plentiful and good harvest.
- Last dressing done during the laying of new buds for the next season.
In order for all minerals and moisture to reach only the berry, timely and constant weeding is necessary.
To reduce weeds and provide protection from the beginning of berry rotting, it is advisable to mulch the soil. A layer of dry grass spreads 8-10 cm above the soil. To protect the fruit from insects, you can tie the berries to the pegs.
Diseases and pests
Common gray rot forms a fluffy bloom on the berries. This disease is caused by frequent rains and is spread by spores. To eliminate, you should get rid of all diseased leaves and bushes.
For prevention, before flowering, you need to spray the plants with an iodine solution - 10 drops per 10 liters of water. This procedure will also relieve other fungal diseases.
Of the pests are found:
- Spider mite;
- Medvedka and many others.
Most insects lay eggs in the strawberry fruit.... You should not plant a plant next to a raspberry tree, many pests will begin to multiply on strawberries.
All these tips and tricks will help you grow an unusual berry variety. Growing correctly and providing good careYou can enjoy the pleasant and delicate taste of white strawberries for many years.
Choosing which strawberry varieties are the best for the Urals
Thanks to the fruitful work of breeders, the cultivation of garden strawberries in regions with cold climates has become quite common. To get a bountiful harvest of juicy berries, you just need to choose the most suitable strawberry varieties and provide them with appropriate care.
The berries of the variety are absolutely white with red seeds, of an unusual taste with pineapple notes. They are round in shape, the weight of one is up to 4 g. There are many fruits on the bushes, but they are small in size. If the autumn is warm, then the culture bears fruit twice a season. It grows well in containers, so it can be used to decorate the garden. Anablanca is unpretentious and does not require special care. Its downside is that it is not frost-hardy, for the winter it requires shelter or growing in greenhouses. It is recommended to grow in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
The best varieties of early strawberries
New varieties of strawberries often differ precisely in the ripening rate - among the new varieties of selection, there are more and more early-maturing varieties. This is not surprising, because such strawberries will ripen by the end of spring, it is customary to grow them in greenhouses and greenhouses, and use them for sale.
The peculiarity of early varieties is that the first berries are not usually used for processing or conservation - the fruits are good only for fresh consumption. Strawberries often have a dense consistency, therefore they tolerate transportation well and retain their presentation for a long time.
Rarely, only early strawberries are grown at their summer cottage, plantings are often interspersed with later varieties. So, the gardener will be able to enjoy the taste of the first berries in May and stretch this pleasure until August (planting late-ripening varieties).
The best early-maturing berry variety that has practically no flaws. For the first time, "Clery" was cultivated by Italians, but the variety quickly spread throughout the world. The main advantages of strawberries are the beauty of the berries and a very sweet taste.
The fruits are slightly elongated, with a sharp tip. The flesh of the berry is pink and the skin is bright red. Strawberries of this variety do not have a strong aroma, but the smell of berries is delicate and very pleasant.
The bushes of the variety are small, compact, spherical in shape. Strawberries form many whiskers, so rooting them is the most popular way to propagate the crop.
It is better to plant "Clery" in the ground in September, so that the bushes have time to acclimatize and give their first fruits in the spring. It is very easy to care for the crop, so it is great for novice gardeners and those who rarely visit their dacha.
This strawberry also comes from Italy, the variety belongs to the elite. In Russia, "Alba" is loved for its excellent taste and beautiful large berries weighing up to 50 grams.
You can even recognize the variety by the taste of the berries, it is very characteristic - sweet and sour. The fruits are elongated, bright red. Even by the end of the season, strawberries do not become smaller, the mass of fruits is approximately the same throughout the growing season.
- tolerates drought well
- resistant to pests and viruses
- well tolerated in transport and storage.
Due to these qualities, the variety can be grown commercially. All Alba needs to ripen is abundant and regular watering.
You can recognize Danish strawberries by the type of berries: they are round, with clearly visible edges and a perfectly smooth surface. The variety is considered fruitful, since the gardener can get up to a kilogram of fruit from each bush.
Strawberry has a rich taste and aroma, it is often used for sale, it tolerates transportation and storage well.
"Zephyr" begins to bear fruit in the first year after planting, strawberries ripen very early. If you need to speed up the growing process even more, it is recommended to grow the variety in greenhouses and use artificial supplementary lighting of the bushes.
The variety firmly tolerates drought, rarely gets sick, does not undergo massive attacks of pests.
The list of the best strawberries will be incomplete without this name. "Honey" is very often grown in the gardens of Russia, because this strawberry has a lot of advantages:
- a highly developed root system that allows the seedlings to quickly adapt and become saturated with nutrients from the deep layers of the soil
- large mass of berries
- early fruiting (fruit ovaries are already laid in April)
- excellent taste characteristics (the stave contains antioxidants, vitamins and even iodine).
Strawberries bloom for about two weeks, the first berries can be picked in mid-May, and the ripening time does not even depend on the region and the weather. The variety bears fruit once a year. By the end of the growing season, strawberries become smaller but sweeter.
Choosing strawberries for different regions
When looking for varieties of strawberries for your own plot, it is better to dwell on zoned varieties. Indeed, not only the yield of the berry bush depends on the weather conditions, but also the taste, and even the appearance of the strawberries.
Varieties for Siberia and the Urals
For these regions, mid-season varieties are chosen. They do not die from frosts in May, do not suffer from the onset of early coolness. Corona with high taste is perfect, Honey will provide high yields. Marshmallows are also good for cooler areas.
Garden strawberries for the Moscow region and the Leningrad region
Remaining strawberries are rarely planted in these areas. For the Moscow region, the Crown and Asia will be good.
For the middle lane
Strawberries are also loved here. Taking care of the plants will allow you to harvest a good harvest of delicious berries. Suitable for the region: Honey, Malvina, Bohemia, Queen Elizabeth II and Temptation. Additional treatments for fungal infections will keep plants healthy.
Characteristics and description of the variety
Externally, the plants differ little from traditional red-fruited varieties and hybrids. True, the "albino" bushes are noticeably lower in height (up to 20 cm) and are compact. Leaf plates are medium in size, deep green in color.
Abundant flowering, with a characteristic aroma. In most hybrid forms, it begins in late May (or early June), then the first berries appear.
White strawberry is a remontant species; it bears fruit until autumn. Some varieties are almost continuous, others - in "waves".
The berries are small (with the exception of some of the newest hybrids), of various configurations:
- conical (similar to forest strawberries)
The main difference from the usual garden strawberries is color. Fragaria allergen 1, a special pigment protein, is responsible for the red shade. In traditional varieties, it is synthesized in the pulp as it ripens, and gradually the berries turn from green to red, pink, ruby.
In white-fruited hybrids, the absence of such a protein is at the genetic level. As the berries ripen, they acquire a creamy, snow-white, yellowish color. Achenes are slightly impressed into the flesh, the color varies from golden to red and greenish. Fruit weight - from 1 to 25 grams (depending on the variety).
Those who have tried white strawberries are delighted with the taste of the berries. Juicy pulp is sweet, aromatic, with hints of citrus, caramel, pineapple. According to gardeners, some berries have a honey aroma, others - strawberries, while the shades are mixed, forming an incredibly delicate flavor composition.
On a note! Due to the delicate fragrant pulp, the berries are not suitable for transportation and long-term storage.
The main purpose is desserts, decoration of various dishes, pastries. On festive tables, white-cream strawberries immediately attract attention, leading at first to bewilderment, and after tasting - to delight. Its taste is somewhat specific, but very pleasant, unusual. It is suitable for preserves, jams, marshmallows. Kids love this berry very much.
Large-fruited strawberries: the best of the best
Why are large strawberry varieties so popular? Because every summer resident wants to boast of incredible berries! But these are far from all the qualities that they include. Right now, we will describe in more detail the very best varieties in this category.
A giant Japanese variety whose berries can weigh almost 100 grams! Despite the fact that the harvest will begin to appear late, its quantity will pleasantly surprise you: up to 3 kilograms of strawberries from one bush. Large-fruited will persist for several more years, followed by a decrease in weight and size. With all this, the berries are very tasty, and the aroma will evoke thoughts of wild strawberries.
This variety is one of the record holders for the size of its fruits. In addition, the fruits are very tasty and aromatic. The average yield per bush is 2 kilograms. This mid-season variety is able to successfully resist both climatic changes and various pests.
A rather rare variety that is capable of surprising no less than the above-described Chamora Turussi. The berries weigh between 40 and 100 grams.One bush can grow for more than 5 years, and the first crop will begin to appear after a short time.
The taste of the berries is at a high level, which allows them to be used not only for fresh consumption, but also for conservation. It copes well with manifestations of aridity and low temperatures.
Kiss - Nelis
If you take good care of this large-fruited variety, then it can delight you for 8 years! Fruits, on average, weigh 50-60 grams, but can reach 100 grams. They turn out to be very soft, juicy, as well as tasty and aromatic.
The yield reaches about 1.5 kilograms from one bush. During severe frosts, the variety feels great and does not need additional shelter. In addition, he can independently cope with many pests and diseases.
Dutch mid-season variety, which is also large-fruited. The weight of one berry reaches 70 grams. In terms of taste, this variety will give odds to other representatives of its category. The aroma is remembered for strawberry, and the taste for pineapple.
The yield is good enough. With proper care, the plant will develop within 5-7 years. Almost all known types of pests and diseases are not terrible for this variety.
The most popular large-fruited variety. Bushes - up to half a meter in height, the average weight of berries is 50-70 grams, the largest specimens reach 100-120 grams.
- not afraid of the heat
- the taste of berries is sweet with slightly sour pineapple notes
- suitable for transportation.
- disease resistance decreases with age
- not too cold-resistant.
This is not a remontant strawberry. It is most suitable for southern areas. With a lack of heat and excess moisture, the berries will be watery and sour.
Berries are bright red in color with a sweet and sour taste. Fruit weight reaches 100 grams. Fruiting from mid-June.
- longevity, in one place yields up to 10 years
- fruit size
- do not give in to rot.
- large berries are unevenly colored
- fruits do not withstand long distance transportation.
The variety is suitable for all types of processing.
New large-fruited medium early variety. Fruits are round in shape, weighing up to 100 grams. The average weight of the berries is 70-80 grams.
- transportability of fruits.
- may be affected by gray mold
- fungal infections.
The berries are delicious and are suitable for fresh consumption and processing.
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