Video of flower propagation by apical cuttings (dracaena)

Video of flower propagation by apical cuttings (dracaena)

Reproduction

Video of plant propagation by apical cuttings. Dracaena shows an example of plant propagation with a central lignified trunk and apical cuttings. We look.

Video of propagation by apical cuttings

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How to propagate a monster at home

Caring for a monster at home is easy - this flower with beautiful carved leaves must be placed in a lighted place and constantly moistened so that it decorates the room. More questions are raised by the breeding of monstera. You can root almost any green vegetative parts of the bush - petioles, leaves and their fragments, and it is also propagated by dividing the rhizome.


Propagation of indoor plants by cuttings

Propagation by cuttings (vegetative method) is the most popular among flower growers. A stalk is a part of a plant that is specially cut off. She has the ability to root and grow. In floriculture, several different types of cuttings are distinguished, namely: stem, leaf, apical, and also middle.

Propagation by apical cuttings

This method is used for all ampelous plants, as well as for touch-me-not and balsam.

To obtain this kind of cutting, cut off the part of the non-lignified stem, which is located at the top. On such a cutting, there must be developed leaves in the amount of 2 to 4 pieces. You need to step back a centimeter below the knot and make a cut. It is on this node that the roots appear first. To make rooting faster, it is recommended to treat the cut with growth stimulating agents (phytohormones).

For rooting, the cuttings are planted in a soil mixture for young plants, and then watered. Cover the container with plastic wrap to keep the humidity high.

Propagation by stem cuttings

Ficus, geraniums, all succulent plants, as well as cacti can be propagated by stem cuttings.

This type of stalk can only be cut from a healthy plant, and the cut must be made slightly below the node. Such a stalk should consist of 3 or 4 nodes and leaves should be present on it. Pay attention to the cut, it must be fresh and even. There should be no flowers or buds on the handle. If desired, the leaves from the bottom can be torn off. Rooting is carried out in moist soil, which contains a lot of sand, or a soil mixture for young plants is used for this. After the roots appear (after about 3-4 weeks), the plants are transplanted into an ordinary soil mixture. Most cuttings are rooted simply by dipping them in a glass of water.

If you propagate succulent plants or cacti in this way, then the cutting should be left for several days in the open air for drying before planting for rooting. At the same time, the place of the cut should become tightened, and the edges of it should be bent inward. This will avoid the appearance of stem rot. After planting, the soil is slightly moistened with a sprayer (do not watered).

Cuttings of geraniums, as well as succulent plants, are not covered with a film during rooting. All other plants need high humidity at this time, so they need to be covered with plastic.

As a rule, it is recommended to place the cuttings in a well-lit and warm enough place. It should be borne in mind that they must be protected from direct sunlight.

As a rule, such cuttings are propagated in spring and summer, when the plant is growing intensively. But there are plants that are best propagated in this way in the last summer days, for example, geranium, fuchsia.

The middle stalk is considered part of the stem. Cut it off from the middle or bottom of the shoot. As a rule, such cuttings are used for propagation of Tradescantia.

Propagation by leaf cuttings

Bushy begonia, gloxinia, uzambara violet (saintpaulia), peperomia can be propagated by leaf cuttings.

Reproduction of Saintpaulia is carried out with whole leaf plates with cuttings. A strong healthy leaf with a handle of a decent length should be cut off from the plant, then it is planted in a special soil mixture. When daughter plants are formed on the leaf plate, they will need to be separated and planted separately.

Succulent plants propagate directly with leaf plates. So, for the reproduction of streptocarpus, sansevieria and gloxinia, part of the leaf is used. It is necessary to plant the leaf in the soil in such a way that only a small part of the leaf rises above the soil surface. In the case when the particles of the leaf plate are too small, they are laid out on the surface and slightly pressed into the substrate.


Dracaena

Dracaena is a common houseplant. Many species of this plant help to equip the interior spaces of the premises, adding green color, clean air and, of course, beauty to them. Dracaena's spectacular look and easy maintenance make it popular in home and office environments. In any collection of indoor plants, this flower stands out for the beauty of its leaves and vertical shape, regardless of the variety.

The most common types of dracaena are: dracaena marginataor bordered (Dracaena marginata), dracaena reflexor bent (Dracaena reflexa), fragrant dracaena (Dracaena fragrans), Dracaena Godseffiana, Dracaena draco ... Caring for all types of dracaena is the same, if provided correctly and regularly, dracaena will delight its owners with a long and productive life.
Temperature In summer, the optimum temperature for dracaena is 20-25 degrees, in winter - 15-18 degrees. Temperatures below 10 degrees are not recommended for her. Also, the flower is afraid of drafts.
Lighting The bright, diffused light works well for dracaena. In front of a window with a transparent curtain, the flower will feel very comfortable. Direct sunlight will harm the dracaena, it is better to protect it from them. Dracaena with light leaves are more demanding for light, with dark leaves they can grow in darker rooms or standing on the floor. Dracaena are good at artificial lighting.
The soil A light soil mixture is suitable for Dracena, for example, a universal mixture for indoor plants with a content of sand or expanded clay, but without peat. Drainage is required for the container in which the dracaena will live. Expanded clay, crushed stone or ceramic shards are placed on the bottom of the container.
Watering Dracaena belongs to moisture-loving plants. The soil in which it grows should always be moist, but not soggy. Yellowed or drooping or drying leaves indicate over-watering or poor drainage. Water should not stagnate at the bottom of the container. Dryness of an earth root in a container can lead to disease or death of the plant.
Humidity Dracaena loves humid air. In hot summer weather and during the heating season, dracaena must be sprayed with water. It is necessary to periodically wipe the leaves of the plant with water, removing dust. A water shower is also suitable for a flower in a warm period.
Fertilizer Dracaena can be fertilized every two to three weeks in the summer, from March to September, when the plant is in active growth. The winter months are a dormant period for dracaena; there is no need to fertilize it at this time. Any universal plant fertilizer is suitable as fertilizer.
Transfer For a young plant, transplantation is carried out every year. An adult plant is transplanted once every two to three years. Transplanting is best done in the spring, before the active period of the plant's life, using the transshipment method. Dracaena does not like cramped pots. With each transplant, the pot is increased by 2-3 cm. After transplanting, the flower must be watered abundantly.
Reproduction Dracaena can be propagated in several ways: stem cuttings, aerial cuttings and apical cuttings. Cuttings are selected in size 8-10 cm and placed in water or a mixture of peat and sand for root development. After three to four weeks, the plant is ready for planting.

The editors are grateful for the help in writing the article of the company "Gilea"


Growing a flower in open soil

Certain types of dracaena, for example, "Fragrant" refer to very unpretentious crops. Therefore, for the summer period, you can plant a flower in a greenhouse, greenhouse or open ground.

It must be remembered that a huge number of pests live in the open air that can destroy the root system.

Any soil can be used for gardening. It is advisable to plant a palm tree in a drained substrate with the addition of peat. In the first month, you will need to weed the weeds and loosen the ground at the base of the palm tree every week. To land on the street you will need:

  1. Select the correct location in indirect sunlight.
  2. The site must be protected from wind and drafts.
  3. All weeds will need to be removed around the planting site.
  4. Dracaena can grow in clay, acidic and alkaline soil. Therefore, it is not necessary to add additional connections.
  5. The planting hole should be twice the size of the earthen coma.
  6. Fill the hole with water and allow time for the water to soak into the ground.
  7. The plant must be carefully positioned in the pit.
  8. With the help of the excavated earth, it is necessary to fill the hole and level the place around the base of the dracaena.
  9. The plant should be watered several times a week until the flower is restored.
  10. If your tap water contains high levels of fluoride, you must ensure that the dracaena is watered with filtered or rainwater. Plants are very sensitive to the component.
    After a cold snap, you need to immediately dig out the dracaena and transfer it to a closed room.

A representative of the dracaena in its natural habitat.

Planting outdoors is very risky. An alternative is to use a large, gardening, portable planter. Thus, you can protect the flower from a sudden drop in temperature.


Dracaena breeding technology

The dragon is propagated at home in several ways: by seed, cuttings, some species give root suckers, less often they use the formation of layering.

Seeds

A rarely used method, since fresh seeds are difficult to obtain due to the rare flowering of a false palm at home. Seeds can be purchased in retail only for a very short period - they quickly lose their germination.

Another difficulty - dracaena bloom already at a "solid" age - 8-11 years after planting. For an earlier formation of inflorescences, by nature, the species are fragrant, bent, Godzef. However, the next obstacle appears here: the flowers have to be pollinated by hand. At the time of flowering, artificial pollination is carried out using a soft brush made of natural bristles. As soon as the seeds are fully ripe, they are removed, cleaned of pulp, and immediately planted. Another difficulty that complicates the application of the method is that the germination of seeds usually takes from one to 5-6 months.

Algorithm for growing dracaena from seeds:

  1. Sowing seeds is carried out immediately after harvesting. If the planting material is purchased in a store, it is sown in March.
  2. The seeds are pre-germinated, this helps to speed up the formation of the tree. The seeds are wrapped in cotton wool, sphagnum moss, cotton or linen cloth, placed in a shallow container. Pour water with a temperature of 20-22 ° C so that the bundle is well moistened, but its upper part remains above the water. Cover the container with a transparent lid, place it in a well-lit, warm place. As the moisture evaporates, water is added so that the seeds do not dry out.
  3. Sprouted seeds are planted in separate cups with drainage holes and a layer of expanded clay at the bottom. The substrate is purchased ready-made - for palms, succulents, or prepared independently by mixing peat and sand 1: 1. Planting depth - 1 cm.
  4. Crops are moistened, covered with a mini-greenhouse. Twice a day, greenhouses are ventilated for 10 minutes, making sure that the substrate is constantly moistened.
  5. When sprouts appear, they are protected from direct sunlight.

In home breeding of dracaena, the method is rarely used, usually it is used by enthusiasts who are engaged in their own plant breeding.

Apical cuttings

Cuttings are the most popular breeding method for domestic dracaena. Apical cuttings - the tops of the dragon, cut off during the formation of the plant - removing shoots that violate the shape of the crown, or cut to stimulate branching.

The cut cuttings are allowed to dry a little - about an hour or two, dusting it with crushed activated charcoal or charcoal. The temperature at which the shoot is maintained is 20-22 ° C. If there are extra leaves on the handle, they are removed so that the length of the free stem is at least 10 cm. Rooting is carried out in two ways - in water and in a substrate.

Rooting in water

The water should be at room temperature, softened, settled. Change the water as turbidity appears. It is useful to use activated carbon, it disinfects the liquid, and it also remains transparent for longer. To make the stalk give roots faster, add "Zircon" to the water, 2-3 drops per 200 ml.

Rooting in the substrate

As a substrate for dracaena, a chemically inert material is selected - clean coarse-grained river sand, perlite, vermiculite, hydrogel. You can use ready-made soil for palms or succulents. The rooting process is accelerated by the preparations "Potassium Humate" or "Heteroauxin". The powder is applied to cuttings lightly sprinkled with water. You can use liquid stimulants - "Epin" or "Zircon", adding them to the water for irrigation. The cuttings are buried into the substrate by 3 cm, covered with a mini-greenhouse.

  • air temperature 22-25 ° С
  • spraying the leaves several times a day
  • airing in the morning and evening for 20 min.
  • moistening the soil.

Stem cuttings

Stem cuttings are prepared from shoots cut during sanitary pruning of the dragon, if the top begins to dry out or rot. The healthy part of the shoot is cut into short cuttings, each of which should have several buds. Such material is rooted in two ways - vertical or horizontal, in a neutral substrate.

Horizontal rooting

Pieces of the stems are placed on the substrate, slightly pressing. It is not necessary to sprinkle the cutting. The container is placed in a mini-greenhouse, which is placed in a bright, warm place. Sprouts emerge from the buds pretty soon, feeding at first on the stock from the trunk. They are transplanted into a permanent container when the formed roots fully provide it with everything you need.

Vertical rooting

It is carried out according to the method of rooting apical cuttings in the soil. Experienced growers recommend using a two-layer substrate for rooting: the lower layer is a nutritious soil, the upper one is about 5 cm thick - sand or vermiculite. The length of the cuttings for such a planting should be more than 8 cm in order to deepen their base into the soil mixture by 3 cm. The advantage of the "puff pastry" is that rooted cuttings do not need to be transplanted. The correct reproduction of dracaena by cuttings can be seen in the video.

Air layering

Often, lovers of indoor flowers for propagation form air layers. The method is considered somewhat more complicated than cuttings, but it always gives a positive result. Proceed as follows:

  1. A transverse incision is made on the selected shoot, where a match or a piece of plastic is inserted.
  2. The trunk is covered with cotton wool or sphagnum, wrapped with foil.
  3. Periodically, the soft layer is moistened using a conventional injection syringe: the film is pierced with it and water is injected.
  4. The roots grow back in one and a half to two months, after which the shoot is carefully released from the "bandage", separated from the tree, and planted in a container.

By shoots

Often, indoor dracaena give root processes. This is not a root shoot, as novice growers sometimes mistakenly think, but awakened buds located in the area of ​​the root collar. They can also be used for reproduction: they are carefully separated from the main shoot, and rooted according to the technique for apical cuttings. However, more often such growth is left to rejuvenate the mother plant or decorate the bare bottom and yellowing old leaves.


How to propagate dracaena at home with cuttings?

How to propagate dracaena at home with cuttings? Reproduction of dracaena at home is a fairly simple task and affordable even for inexperienced growers. There are several ways to propagate this ornamental popular plant, but almost all growers prefer to use the cuttings method to obtain a new plant.

What types of dracaena are easier to propagate

Of all the types of dracaena in indoor floriculture conditions, it is easiest to propagate the dracaena durham and bordered, as well as the dracaena of Sarder. From a wide variety of varieties, you can always choose the most suitable option, which can then be propagated in the simplest way:

  • apical cuttings
  • stem cuttings
  • air layering
  • seed material

The most suitable time for breeding dracaena

The most favorable period for dracaena breeding is spring. But this can be done in the summer if all the necessary conditions are created.

Propagation by apical cuttings

Prepare a knife or secateurs as tools. Apply a small amount of rubbing alcohol to the knife, ensuring that the blade is decontaminated.

Cut off the top of the shoot 10-15 cm long. Make a straight cut. It can be at an angle, as long as the stem is not damaged. Splits are also unacceptable. A stalk without leaves is rooted immediately, if there is foliage, it must be carefully removed.

For the roots of the dracaena stalk to appear in water, add a couple of drops of Zircon to a glass of liquid. As an alternative, flower growers use 1 tablet of activated carbon - thanks to a drug that destroys bacteria, the water stays clean longer.

After placing the planting material in the solution, monitor the freshness of the liquid, it must be changed at the first turbidity. The roots of the stalk start up within the next 1-2 weeks, after which the dracaena is planted in a pot and placed in a permanent growing place.

You will need a plastic cup or pot for rooting in the ground. The soil consists of several layers. Drainage is laid out at the bottom, for example, expanded clay, then soil is added and fertilized with means for rapid rooting.

The cut of the planting material is treated with charcoal. Watering is carried out immediately, after which it is necessary to maintain a moderate humidity. To make the young plant comfortable, it is recommended to equip the greenhouse by covering the pot with plastic or glass.

If condensation builds up, periodically open the greenhouse and ventilate for half an hour. Do not forget to spray the leaves with water three times a day and feed them with fertilizer for palm trees once a week.

How to propagate dracaena with stem cuttings

It may happen that the top of the plant has withered, dried out or rotted. In this case, the method of propagation by stem cuttings is suitable for us.

To do this, the still elastic and not sluggish stem is divided into pieces, 5-20 cm long. It is necessary to divide carefully, making cuts along the leaf scars, at the points of attachment of the leaves on the stem. The tool for dividing the stem into parts must be sharp.

It should be rooted in the above inert substrates - sand, perlite, vermilite.

There are two options for rooting with stem cuttings - vertical and horizontal.

Vertical rooting is carried out by immersing the lower part of the cutting into a moist substrate to a depth of 2-3 cm.

If rooting is done in the soil, then sprinkle the topsoil with sand 5-6 cm thick.

Then the stem cutting will take root in the sand, and a little later the roots will penetrate into the soil - this is doubly convenient in that you do not need to transplant the cutting and preserve the integrity of the root system.

Horizontal rooting differs in that the cuttings are laid on the surface of a moist substrate, slightly pressing the cutting into the substrate. Such rooting is carried out at an air and soil temperature of + 20-24 ° C, in a greenhouse.

If the apical cutting is rooted, then only roots are formed, the rooting of stem cuttings leads to sprouting from the buds not only of the roots, but also of the shoots, which is a sign of successful rooting. Dig up the substrate to see if roots have appeared? Not worth it.

With horizontal rooting, the rooted stem collapses over time, since all its nutrients were spent on the formation of roots and shoots, after which the shoots switch to feeding from their own roots, after which, the rooted cuttings can be planted in separate pots.

See also: Insecticides for indoor plants: general recommendations, names of drugs, video

The usual time for rooting cuttings is 1-1.5 months, the emergence of shoots occurs in the second month. If the conditions were not met, then the cuttings take longer to take root or die.

Try different options and choose the one that works best for you.

Propagation of dracaena by air layers

Propagation of dracaena by air layers is extremely simple. To do this, you will need:

  • sharp knife
  • a little sphagnum moss,
  • water,
  • toothpick.

Step 1: Soak the sphagnum moss in water for two hours. Remove and squeeze out excess moisture. Set aside.

Step 2: Determine where you want to make the cut, and then select the location directly below the leaf node where the leaf attaches to the stem. Cut the stem and with a knife, cut a groove obliquely upward from 3 to 4 centimeters in length and about a third deep into the stem.

Step 3: Insert a wooden toothpick into the cut. Soak a cotton swab with growth hormone and coat the incision well. Leave a toothpick in the cut.

Step 4: Wrap the incised dracaena stem in moist sphagnum. Wrap the plastic wrap around the moss twice and secure firmly at both ends.

Step 5: Regularly check the sphagnum in the film - it should be wet all the time. To check, open the top of the sphagnum film and if it is dry, pour in water and wrap it up again.

Step 6: Typically, new roots will form in one to two months, although growth may take longer depending on the season. After the new roots have filled the sphagnum moss, remove it.

And one last thing: Using a knife, cut off the new dracaena with the roots formed slightly below the root mass and plant the dracaena in a new pot, leaving the sphagnum intact. After that, take care of the dracaena as usual.

Seed reproduction of dracaena

The flowering process of dracaena is a rather rare phenomenon, but it allows the cultivation of a young plant from seed material. Sowing of seeds is carried out in February-March.

Each seed must be planted in a separate planting cup with a drainage hole, filled with soil for growing dracaena. The average sowing depth is 5-8 mm. Seeds sprinkled with soil should be watered and covered with polyethylene.

The optimum temperature for the emergence of seedlings is about 25-27o C. Crops must be watered periodically and must be ventilated. After the emergence of seedlings, the film cover must be removed.

The seedlings are dived when the seedlings reach a height of 50 mm. In the first few days, young plants must be shaded from direct sunlight. The soil should not dry out and be excessively moist. The temperature regime must be maintained within 22-24 ° C.

How to propagate dracaena at home in water?

Dracaena propagation by apical cuttings can be done by rooting in water. To do this, take a glass of lukewarm water and place the top of the plant there. Additionally, liquid root can be added to the water. It will intensify the appearance of roots on the cutting.

Change the water in the glass with dracaena periodically. This should be done about two to three times a week, that is, immediately after the water becomes cloudy.

This way, you prevent it from stagnating and becoming a breeding ground for germs.

After good roots appear on the dracaena cuttings, you can plant it in the soil in a permanent flowerpot.


Watch the video: How To Propagate Azaleas From Cuttings. full explanation